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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9221
Philo Of Alexandria, On The Preliminary Studies, 39-43


nanNow recollection only comes in the second rank after memory, as inferior to it; and he who recollects is inferior to him who remembers; for the latter resembles a man in an uninterrupted state of good health, but the other is like a man recovering from a disease, for forgetfulness is a disease of the memory;


nanand it follows inevitably that the man who exerts his recollection has previously forgotten what he now recollects. Therefore the sacred scriptures call memory Ephraim, which name, being interpreted, means "fruit-bearing." But the Hebrews call recollection, after forgetfulness, Manasseh;


nanfor, in good truth, the soul of the man who remembers does bear as fruit the things which he has learned, losing nothing of them; but the soul of the man who exerts recollection, is only escaping from forgetfulness, by which it was detained before it recollected; therefore a citizen wife, memory, lives with the man who is endowed with remembrance. But the concubine recollection, a Syrian by birth, insolent and overbearing, lives with the man who forgets; for the meaning of the name Syria, is "sublimity;


nanand the son of the concubine recollection is Machir, as the Hebrews call him; but the Greeks interpret the name to mean "of the father." For those who recollect a thing think that the mind is the father and cause of their recollecting, and do not consider that this same endowment of the mind did also before contain "forgetfulness," though it never would have received it if it had had memory in its power.


nanFor it is said in the scripture, "And the sons of Manasseh were Ashriel whom she bare, but his concubine, the Aramitess, bare Machir; and Machir was the father Gilead." And Nachor, also, the brother of Abraham, had two wives, one a citizen and the other a concubine. And the name of the citizen was Milcah; and the name of the concubine was Rumah.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

9 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 16.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

16.1. וְשָׂרַי אֵשֶׁת אַבְרָם לֹא יָלְדָה לוֹ וְלָהּ שִׁפְחָה מִצְרִית וּשְׁמָהּ הָגָר׃ 16.1. וַיֹּאמֶר לָהּ מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה הַרְבָּה אַרְבֶּה אֶת־זַרְעֵךְ וְלֹא יִסָּפֵר מֵרֹב׃ 16.1. Now Sarai Abram’s wife bore him no children; and she had a handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar."
2. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 27.1-27.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

27.1. וְאִם־אֵין לוֹ אַחִים וּנְתַתֶּם אֶת־נַחֲלָתוֹ לַאֲחֵי אָבִיו׃ 27.1. וַתִּקְרַבְנָה בְּנוֹת צְלָפְחָד בֶּן־חֵפֶר בֶּן־גִּלְעָד בֶּן־מָכִיר בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁה לְמִשְׁפְּחֹת מְנַשֶּׁה בֶן־יוֹסֵף וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת בְּנֹתָיו מַחְלָה נֹעָה וְחָגְלָה וּמִלְכָּה וְתִרְצָה׃ 27.2. וְנָתַתָּה מֵהוֹדְךָ עָלָיו לְמַעַן יִשְׁמְעוּ כָּל־עֲדַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 27.2. וַתַּעֲמֹדְנָה לִפְנֵי מֹשֶׁה וְלִפְנֵי אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן וְלִפְנֵי הַנְּשִׂיאִם וְכָל־הָעֵדָה פֶּתַח אֹהֶל־מוֹעֵד לֵאמֹר׃ 27.3. אָבִינוּ מֵת בַּמִּדְבָּר וְהוּא לֹא־הָיָה בְּתוֹךְ הָעֵדָה הַנּוֹעָדִים עַל־יְהוָה בַּעֲדַת־קֹרַח כִּי־בְחֶטְאוֹ מֵת וּבָנִים לֹא־הָיוּ לוֹ׃ 27.1. Then drew near the daughters of Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph; and these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Tirzah." 27.2. And they stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, at the door of the tent of meeting, saying:" 27.3. ’Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not among the company of them that gathered themselves together against the LORD in the company of Korah, but he died in his own sin; and he had no sons."
3. Philo of Alexandria, On The Cherubim, 3-5, 51, 6-10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Why then do we wonder if God once for all banished Adam, that is to say, the mind out of the district of the virtues, after he had once contracted folly, that incurable disease, and if he never permitted him again to return, when he also drives out and banishes from wisdom and from the wise man every sophist, and the mother of sophists, the teaching that is of elementary instruction, while he calls the names of wisdom and of the wise man Abraham, and Sarah. IV. 10. He also considered this point, in the second place, that it is indispensable that the soul of the man who is about to receive sacred laws should be thoroughly cleansed and purified from all stains, however difficult to be washed out, which the promiscuous multitude of mixed men from all quarters has impregnated cities with;
4. Philo of Alexandria, On The Preliminary Studies, 10-12, 125, 13-14, 140-142, 144-145, 15-18, 180, 19, 2, 20-27, 3, 34-38, 4, 40-44, 48-49, 5, 50-51, 53, 56-58, 6, 61, 63, 65, 7-9, 1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1. But Sarah the wife of Abraham had not borne him any child. And she had an Egyptian handmaiden, who name was Hagar. And Sarah said unto Abraham, Behold, the Lord has closed me up, so that I should not bear children; go in unto my handmaiden that thou mayest have children by Her.
5. Philo of Alexandria, On The Migration of Abraham, 199-207, 198 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Philo of Alexandria, On The Change of Names, 61-62, 77-80, 130 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

130. Having now discussed at sufficient length the subject of change and alteration of names, we will turn to the matters which come next in order in our proposed examination. Immediately after the events which we have just mentioned, came the birth of Isaac; for after God had given to his mother the name of Sarrah instead of Sarah, he said to Abraham, "I will give unto thee a Son." We must consider each of the things here indicated particularly.
7. Philo of Alexandria, On Dreams, 2.34-2.35 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

2.34. Simeon is an emblem of learning, for his name being interpreted means, "listening." Levi is a symbol of virtuous energies and actions, and of holy ministrations. Judas is an emblem of songs and hymns addressed to God. Issachar, of wages which are given for good work; but perhaps the works themselves are their own perfect reward. Zabulon is a symbol of light, since his name means the departure of night; and when the night departs and leaves us, then of necessity light arises. 2.35. Dan is a symbol of the distinction between, and division of, different things. Gad is an emblem of the invasion of pirates, and of a counter attack made upon them. Asser is a symbol of natural wealth, for his name being interpreted, signifies "a calling blessed," since wealth is accounted a blessed possession.
8. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 3.91-3.94, 3.244 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Philo of Alexandria, That God Is Unchangeable, 89, 87 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

87. of the former species we have a conspicuous example afforded us in the injunctions given about the great vow.19 Now a vow is a request for good things from God; and the spirit of the great vow is to believe that God himself is the cause of good things from himself, without anyone else ever co-operating with him, of the things which may appear to be beneficial, neither the earth as fruitful, nor the rain as helping to promote the growth of seeds and plants, nor the air as calculated to nourish man, nor agriculture as the cause of production, nor the skill of the physician as the cause of health, nor marriage as the cause of the procreation of children:


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
abram/abraham Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 586
allegorical commentary Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 315, 316, 586
allegory' Osborne, Clement of Alexandria (2010) 90
allegory Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
arithmology, five Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 315
ephraim Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315, 316
esau Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315
hagar Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315; Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
isaac Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314
ishmael Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 315, 316
jacob, practicer Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
jacob Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315, 316
manasseh Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315, 316
memory Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315, 316, 586
names, change of Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315, 316
perfection Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 586
platonism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 316
preliminary studies Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 315
reuben Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315, 316
sarah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315; Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
simeon Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 314, 315, 316
soul, as wax tablet Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 586
virginity Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
virtue Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
wisdom Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151