Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9221
Philo Of Alexandria, On The Preliminary Studies, 15-18


nanFor grammar, by teaching you the histories which are to be found in the works of poets and historians, will give you intelligence and abundant learning; and, moreover, will teach you to look with contempt on all the vain fables which erroneous opinions invent, on account of the ill success which history tells us that the heroes and demigods who are celebrated among those writers, meet with.


nanAnd music will teach what is harmonious in the way of rhythm, and what is ill arranged in harmony, and, rejecting all that is out of tune and all that is inconsistent with melody, will guide what was previously discordant to concord. And geometry, sowing the seeds of equality and just proportion in the soul, which is fond of learning, will, by means of the beauty of continued contemplation, implant in you an admiration of justice.


nanAnd rhetoric, having sharpened the mind for contemplation in general, and having exercised and trained the faculties of speech in interpretations and explanations, will make man really rational, taking care of that peculiar and especial duty which nature has bestowed upon it, but upon no other animal whatever.


nanAnd dialectic science, which is the sister, the twin sister of rhetoric, as some persons have called it, separating true from false arguments, and refuting the plausibilities of sophistical arguments, will cure the great disease of the soul, deceit. It is profitable, therefore, to aide among these and other sciences resembling them, and to devote one's especial attention to them. For perhaps, I say, as has happened to many, we shall become known to the queenly virtues by means of their subjects and handmaidens.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

9 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, a b c d\n0 "17.19" "17.19" "17 19"\n1 16.1 16.1 16 1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2. Philo of Alexandria, On The Life of Abraham, 251 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

251. And that you may have no suspicion of any jealousy on my part, take, if you will, my own handmaid to wife; who is a slave indeed as to her body, but free and noble as to her mind; whose good qualities I have for a long time proved and experienced from the day when she was first introduced into my house, being an Egyptian by blood, and a Hebrew by deliberate choice.
3. Philo of Alexandria, On The Cherubim, 3-5, 51, 6-10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Why then do we wonder if God once for all banished Adam, that is to say, the mind out of the district of the virtues, after he had once contracted folly, that incurable disease, and if he never permitted him again to return, when he also drives out and banishes from wisdom and from the wise man every sophist, and the mother of sophists, the teaching that is of elementary instruction, while he calls the names of wisdom and of the wise man Abraham, and Sarah. IV. 10. He also considered this point, in the second place, that it is indispensable that the soul of the man who is about to receive sacred laws should be thoroughly cleansed and purified from all stains, however difficult to be washed out, which the promiscuous multitude of mixed men from all quarters has impregnated cities with;
4. Philo of Alexandria, On The Preliminary Studies, 10-12, 125, 13, 139, 14, 140-142, 144-145, 154, 16-18, 180, 19, 2, 20-27, 3, 34-39, 4, 40-44, 48-49, 5, 50-51, 53, 56-58, 6, 61, 63, 65, 7, 71-79, 8, 81, 88, 9, 1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1. But Sarah the wife of Abraham had not borne him any child. And she had an Egyptian handmaiden, who name was Hagar. And Sarah said unto Abraham, Behold, the Lord has closed me up, so that I should not bear children; go in unto my handmaiden that thou mayest have children by Her.
5. Philo of Alexandria, On The Change of Names, 10, 130, 2, 201, 205, 208-209, 255, 3-6, 61-62, 7, 77-79, 8, 80, 9, 1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1. Abraham was ninety and nine years old; and the Lord appeared unto Abraham, and said unto him, I am thy God." The number of nine, when added to the number ninety, is very near to a hundred; in which number the self-taught race shone forth, namely Isaac, the most excellent joy of all enjoyments; for he was born when his father was a hundred years old.
6. Philo of Alexandria, On Sobriety, 9, 8 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

7. Philo of Alexandria, On Dreams, 1.240 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.240. Do you not see that encyclical instruction, that is, Hagar, says to the angel, "Art thou God who seest Me?" for she was not capable of beholding the most ancient cause, inasmuch as she was by birth a native of Egypt. But now the mind begins to be improved, so as to be able to contemplate the governor of all the powers;
8. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 3.244 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

9. New Testament, Galatians, 4.21-4.31 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.21. Tell me, you that desire to be under the law, don't you listen to thelaw? 4.22. For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by thehandmaid, and one by the free woman. 4.23. However, the son by thehandmaid was born according to the flesh, but the son by the free womanwas born through promise. 4.24. These things contain an allegory, forthese are two covets. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children tobondage, which is Hagar. 4.25. For this Hagar is Mount Sinai inArabia, and answers to the Jerusalem that exists now, for she is inbondage with her children. 4.26. But the Jerusalem that is above isfree, which is the mother of us all. 4.27. For it is written,"Rejoice, you barren who don't bear. Break forth and shout, you that don't travail. For more are the children of the desolate than of her who has a husband. 4.28. Now we, brothers, as Isaac was, are children of promise. 4.29. But as then, he who was born according to the flesh persecutedhim who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now. 4.30. However what does the Scripture say? "Throw out the handmaid and herson, for the son of the handmaid will not inherit with the son of thefree woman. 4.31. So then, brothers, we are not children of ahandmaid, but of the free woman.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157; Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
abram/abraham Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 401
allegorical commentary Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 570
allegory/allegoresis, present tense in Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
allegory Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
arithmology, five Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 401
arithmology, seven Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 401
education Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
egypt Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
egyptians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
hagar Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 570; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157; Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
isaac Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 401, 570; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
ishmael Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
jews/judeans/ioudaioi, and ethnicity in philo Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
joy Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
paideia/greek education Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
philo Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
platonism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 401
preliminary studies Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 401, 570
promises, divine Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 570
rhetoric Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 401, 570
sarah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 401; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157; Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
soul, eye of the Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
stoicism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 401
virginity Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151
virtue' Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
wisdom Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 151