Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9221
Philo Of Alexandria, On The Preliminary Studies, 141-142


nanfor this is the definition of art, a system of comprehensions well practised with reference to some desirable end, the word desirable being very properly added by reason of the abundance of evil arts. But the definition of science is a safe and firm comprehension, which, through reason, is not liable to any error.


nanTherefore we call music and grammar, and other pursuits, arts; for those also who are made perfect in them, as musicians, or grammarians, are called artists. But we call philosophy and the other virtues, sciences, and those who are possessed of the knowledge of them we call scientific; for they are prudent, and temperate, and philosophical, not one of whom is ever deceived in the doctrines of a philosophy which he himself has cultivated, any more than the artists, whom I have mentioned before, err in their speculations with respect to their indifferent arts.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

12 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, a b c d\n0 "17.19" "17.19" "17 19" (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2. Philo of Alexandria, On The Life of Abraham, 251 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

251. And that you may have no suspicion of any jealousy on my part, take, if you will, my own handmaid to wife; who is a slave indeed as to her body, but free and noble as to her mind; whose good qualities I have for a long time proved and experienced from the day when she was first introduced into my house, being an Egyptian by blood, and a Hebrew by deliberate choice.
3. Philo of Alexandria, On The Cherubim, 8-10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Why then do we wonder if God once for all banished Adam, that is to say, the mind out of the district of the virtues, after he had once contracted folly, that incurable disease, and if he never permitted him again to return, when he also drives out and banishes from wisdom and from the wise man every sophist, and the mother of sophists, the teaching that is of elementary instruction, while he calls the names of wisdom and of the wise man Abraham, and Sarah. IV. 10. He also considered this point, in the second place, that it is indispensable that the soul of the man who is about to receive sacred laws should be thoroughly cleansed and purified from all stains, however difficult to be washed out, which the promiscuous multitude of mixed men from all quarters has impregnated cities with;
4. Philo of Alexandria, On The Preliminary Studies, 12-13, 139, 14, 140, 142, 144-145, 15, 154, 16-18, 180, 19-24, 39-43, 71-88, 9, 11 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

11. And as you must know that it is common for there to be great preludes to great propositions, and the greatest of all propositions is virtue, for it is conversant about the most important of all materials, namely, about the universal life of man; very naturally, therefore, that will not employ any short preface, but rather it will use as such, grammar, geometry, astronomy, rhetoric, music, and all the other sorts of contemplation which proceed in accordance with reason; of which Hagar, the handmaid of Sarah, is an emblem, as we will proceed to show.
5. Philo of Alexandria, On The Migration of Abraham, 198-207, 89-93, 134 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

134. For is not this the crown and the prize of victory not to miss the proposed end of one's labours, but to arrive at that goal of prudence which is so difficult to be reached? What, then, is the object of having right wisdom? To be able to condemn one's own folly and that of every created being. For to be aware that one knows nothing is the end of all knowledge, since there is only one wise being, who is also the only God.
6. Philo of Alexandria, On The Change of Names, 10, 2, 201, 205, 208-209, 255, 3-9, 1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1. Abraham was ninety and nine years old; and the Lord appeared unto Abraham, and said unto him, I am thy God." The number of nine, when added to the number ninety, is very near to a hundred; in which number the self-taught race shone forth, namely Isaac, the most excellent joy of all enjoyments; for he was born when his father was a hundred years old.
7. Philo of Alexandria, On Sobriety, 9, 8 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Philo of Alexandria, On Dreams, 1.60, 1.73-1.74, 1.240, 2.34-2.35 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.60. of the number of these men is Abraham, who attained to great progress and improvement in the comprehension of complete knowledge; for when he knew most, then he most completely renounced himself in order to attain to the accurate knowledge of him who was the truly living God. And, indeed, this is a very natural course of events; for he who completely understands himself does also very much, because of his thorough appreciation of it, renounce the universal nothingness of the creature; and he who renounces himself learns to comprehend the living God. XI. 1.73. And do not wonder if, according to the rules of allegorical description, the sun is likened to the Father and Governor of the universe; for in reality nothing is like unto God; but those things which by the vain opinion of men are thought to be so, are only two things, one invisible and the other visible; the soul being the invisible thing, and the sun the visible one. 1.240. Do you not see that encyclical instruction, that is, Hagar, says to the angel, "Art thou God who seest Me?" for she was not capable of beholding the most ancient cause, inasmuch as she was by birth a native of Egypt. But now the mind begins to be improved, so as to be able to contemplate the governor of all the powers; 2.34. Simeon is an emblem of learning, for his name being interpreted means, "listening." Levi is a symbol of virtuous energies and actions, and of holy ministrations. Judas is an emblem of songs and hymns addressed to God. Issachar, of wages which are given for good work; but perhaps the works themselves are their own perfect reward. Zabulon is a symbol of light, since his name means the departure of night; and when the night departs and leaves us, then of necessity light arises. 2.35. Dan is a symbol of the distinction between, and division of, different things. Gad is an emblem of the invasion of pirates, and of a counter attack made upon them. Asser is a symbol of natural wealth, for his name being interpreted, signifies "a calling blessed," since wealth is accounted a blessed possession.
9. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 3.18, 3.210 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Philo of Alexandria, That God Is Unchangeable, 87, 89, 43 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

43. And imagination is an impression of figures in the soul; for the things which each of the outward senses has brought in, like a ring or a seal, on them it imprints its own character. And the mind, being like wax, having received the impression, keeps it carefully in itself until forgetfulness, the enemy of memory, has smoothed off the edges of the impression, or else has rendered it dim, or perhaps has completely effaced it.
11. New Testament, Galatians, 4.21-4.31 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.21. Tell me, you that desire to be under the law, don't you listen to thelaw? 4.22. For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by thehandmaid, and one by the free woman. 4.23. However, the son by thehandmaid was born according to the flesh, but the son by the free womanwas born through promise. 4.24. These things contain an allegory, forthese are two covets. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children tobondage, which is Hagar. 4.25. For this Hagar is Mount Sinai inArabia, and answers to the Jerusalem that exists now, for she is inbondage with her children. 4.26. But the Jerusalem that is above isfree, which is the mother of us all. 4.27. For it is written,"Rejoice, you barren who don't bear. Break forth and shout, you that don't travail. For more are the children of the desolate than of her who has a husband. 4.28. Now we, brothers, as Isaac was, are children of promise. 4.29. But as then, he who was born according to the flesh persecutedhim who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now. 4.30. However what does the Scripture say? "Throw out the handmaid and herson, for the son of the handmaid will not inherit with the son of thefree woman. 4.31. So then, brothers, we are not children of ahandmaid, but of the free woman.
12. Plutarch, On The E At Delphi, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
abram/abraham Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 400
alexandria Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 400
allegorical commentary Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 316, 570
allegory/allegoresis, present tense in Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
andronicus of rhodes Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
antiochus of ascalon Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 144
arithmology, seven Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 400
assimilation to god Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
body/bodily Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
creation Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
education Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
egypt Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
egyptians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
ephraim Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
etymology, greek Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 144
etymology Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 144
excellence, (moral) Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
figures of speech, synonyms Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
hagar Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 400, 570; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
imagery, bearing fruit Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
isaac Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 570; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
ishmael Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 316; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
jacob, practicer Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
jacob Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
jacobs, practiser Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
jews/judeans/ioudaioi, and ethnicity in philo Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
joy Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
knowledge Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
logos Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 144
logos (λόγος) Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
manasseh Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
memory Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
moses Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 400
names, change of Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
noah Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
observance Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
paideia/greek education Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
passions, struggle against Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
philo Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
philo of alexandria Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
philosophical Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
plato Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
platonism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 144, 145, 316, 400
practices Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
preliminary studies Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 570
promises, divine Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 570
ps.galen Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
religion Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
reuben Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
rhetoric Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 570
rites/rituals Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
sarah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 400; Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 157
self-knowledge Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
sextus empiricus Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
simeon Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 316
soul, eye of the Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 144, 145
soul Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
stoa/stoic/stoicism Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
stoicism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
virtue, specific/generic Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 400
virtue Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 316
virtues' Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 139
wisdom Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 144, 400
worship Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94
ὁμοίωσις θεῷ Hirsch-Luipold, Plutarch and the New Testament in Their Religio-Philosophical Contexts (2022) 94