Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9220
Philo Of Alexandria, On The Confusion Of Tongues, 6


nanAnd there is also another story akin to this, related by the deviser of fables, concerning the sameness of language existing among animals: for they say that formerly, all the animals in the world, whether land animals, or aquatic ones, or winged ones, had but one language, and that, just as among men Greeks speak the same language as Greeks, and the present race of barbarians speaks the same language as barbarians, exactly in the same manner every animal was able to converse with every other animal with which it might meet, and with which it did anything, or from which it suffered anything, so that they sympathised with one another at their mutual misfortunes, and rejoiced whenever any of them met with any good fortune;


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

22 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 10.9, 12.31, 18.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

10.9. עַל־כֵּן לֹא־הָיָה לְלֵוִי חֵלֶק וְנַחֲלָה עִם־אֶחָיו יְהוָה הוּא נַחֲלָתוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לוֹ׃ 12.31. לֹא־תַעֲשֶׂה כֵן לַיהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ כִּי כָּל־תּוֹעֲבַת יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר שָׂנֵא עָשׂוּ לֵאלֹהֵיהֶם כִּי גַם אֶת־בְּנֵיהֶם וְאֶת־בְּנֹתֵיהֶם יִשְׂרְפוּ בָאֵשׁ לֵאלֹהֵיהֶם׃ 18.2. אַךְ הַנָּבִיא אֲשֶׁר יָזִיד לְדַבֵּר דָּבָר בִּשְׁמִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר לֹא־צִוִּיתִיו לְדַבֵּר וַאֲשֶׁר יְדַבֵּר בְּשֵׁם אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וּמֵת הַנָּבִיא הַהוּא׃ 18.2. וְנַחֲלָה לֹא־יִהְיֶה־לּוֹ בְּקֶרֶב אֶחָיו יְהוָה הוּא נַחֲלָתוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר־לוֹ׃ 10.9. Wherefore Levi hath no portion nor inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is his inheritance, according as the LORD thy God spoke unto him.—" 12.31. Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God; for every abomination to the LORD, which He hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters do they burn in the fire to their gods." 18.2. And they shall have no inheritance among their brethren; the LORD is their inheritance, as He hath spoken unto them."
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.1, 3.7, 4.16, 11.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.1. וַיִּקְרָא אֱלֹהִים לַיַּבָּשָׁה אֶרֶץ וּלְמִקְוֵה הַמַּיִם קָרָא יַמִּים וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים כִּי־טוֹב׃ 1.1. בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ׃ 3.7. וַתִּפָּקַחְנָה עֵינֵי שְׁנֵיהֶם וַיֵּדְעוּ כִּי עֵירֻמִּם הֵם וַיִּתְפְּרוּ עֲלֵה תְאֵנָה וַיַּעֲשׂוּ לָהֶם חֲגֹרֹת׃ 4.16. וַיֵּצֵא קַיִן מִלִּפְנֵי יְהוָה וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּאֶרֶץ־נוֹד קִדְמַת־עֵדֶן׃ 11.1. וַיְהִי כָל־הָאָרֶץ שָׂפָה אֶחָת וּדְבָרִים אֲחָדִים׃ 11.1. אֵלֶּה תּוֹלְדֹת שֵׁם שֵׁם בֶּן־מְאַת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד אֶת־אַרְפַּכְשָׁד שְׁנָתַיִם אַחַר הַמַּבּוּל׃ 1.1. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." 3.7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves girdles." 4.16. And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden." 11.1. And the whole earth was of one language and of one speech."
3. Hebrew Bible, Job, 3.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.3. יֹאבַד יוֹם אִוָּלֶד בּוֹ וְהַלַּיְלָה אָמַר הֹרָה גָבֶר׃ 3.3. Let the day perish wherein I was born, And the night wherein it was said: ‘A man-child is brought forth.’"
4. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 28.11 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

28.11. כִּי בְּלַעֲגֵי שָׂפָה וּבְלָשׁוֹן אַחֶרֶת יְדַבֵּר אֶל־הָעָם הַזֶּה׃ 28.11. For with stammering lips and with a strange tongue Shall it be spoken to this people;"
5. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

509d. he said. Conceive then, said I, as we were saying, that there are these two entities, and that one of them is sovereign over the intelligible order and region and the other over the world of the eye-ball, not to say the sky-ball, but let that pass. You surely apprehend the two types, the visible and the intelligible. I do. Represent them then, as it were, by a line divided into two unequal sections and cut each section again in the same ratio (the section, that is, of the visible and that of the intelligible order), and then as an expression of the ratio of their comparative clearness and obscurity you will have, as one of the section
6. Callimachus, Iambi, 2 (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

7. Anon., Jubilees, 3.28, 12.25-12.27 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3.28. And she said to it, "of all the fruit of the trees of the garden God hath said unto us, Eat; 12.25. And he made an end of speaking and praying, and behold the word of the Lord was sent to him through me, saying: 12.26. Get thee up from thy country, and from thy kindred and from the house of thy father unto a land which I shall show thee 12.27. and I shall make thee a great and numerous nation. And I shall bless thee And I shall make thy name great, And thou wilt be blessed in the earth
8. Philo of Alexandria, On The Cherubim, 10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Why then do we wonder if God once for all banished Adam, that is to say, the mind out of the district of the virtues, after he had once contracted folly, that incurable disease, and if he never permitted him again to return, when he also drives out and banishes from wisdom and from the wise man every sophist, and the mother of sophists, the teaching that is of elementary instruction, while he calls the names of wisdom and of the wise man Abraham, and Sarah. IV. 10. He also considered this point, in the second place, that it is indispensable that the soul of the man who is about to receive sacred laws should be thoroughly cleansed and purified from all stains, however difficult to be washed out, which the promiscuous multitude of mixed men from all quarters has impregnated cities with;
9. Philo of Alexandria, On The Confusion of Tongues, 11-15, 2-5, 7-10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. But this precaution does not appear to have turned out of any use; for since that time, though men have been separated into different nations, and have no longer used one language, nevertheless, land and sea have been repeatedly filled with unspeakable evils. For it was not the languages which were the causes of men's uniting for evil objects, but the emulation and rivalry of their souls in wrong-doing.
10. Philo of Alexandria, On Flight And Finding, 54 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

54. Knowing very well that the law is here adding no superfluous word from any indescribable impetuosity in its description of the matter, I doubted within myself why it does not merely say that he who has slain another shall die, and why it has added, that he shall die the death;
11. Philo of Alexandria, On The Change of Names, 61-62, 60 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

60. for it is said in the scripture, "Thy name shall not be called Abram, but Abraham shall thy name be." Some, then, of those persons who are fond of disputes, and who are always eager to affix a stain upon what is irreproachable, on things as well as bodies, and who wage an implacable war against sacred things, while they calumniate everything which does not appear to preserve strict decorum in speech, being the symbols of nature which is always fond of being concealed, perverting it all so as to give it a worse appearance after a very accurate investigation, do especially find fault with the changes of names.
12. Philo of Alexandria, On The Creation of The World, 157, 170, 2, 37, 1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1. of other lawgivers, some have set forth what they considered to be just and reasonable, in a naked and unadorned manner, while others, investing their ideas with an abundance of amplification, have sought to bewilder the people, by burying the truth under a heap of fabulous inventions.
13. Philo of Alexandria, On The Posterity of Cain, 3, 5-7, 2 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

2. For if the living God has a face, and if he who desires to leave it can with perfect ease rise up and depart to another place, why do we repudiate the impiety of the Epicureans, or the godlessness of the Egyptians, or the mythical suggestions of which life is full?
14. Philo of Alexandria, On Curses, 152 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

152. So that they are marvellously simple people who have ever had an idea of coming to the end of any branch of knowledge whatever. For that which has seemed to be near and within reach is nevertheless a long way distant from the end; since no created being is perfect in any department of learning, but falls as far short of it as a thoroughly infant child just beginning to learn does, in comparison of a man who both by age and skill is qualified to be a master. XLV.
15. Philo of Alexandria, On The Special Laws, 4.182 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

4.182. Let not any one then think that nobility of birth is a perfect good, and therefore neglect virtuous actions, considering that that man deserves greater anger who, after he has been born of virtuous parents, brings disgrace on his parents by reason of the wickedness of his disposition and conduct; for if he has domestic examples of goodness which he may imitate, and yet never copies them, so as to correct his own life, and to render it healthy and virtuous, he deserves reproach.XXXV.
16. Philo of Alexandria, On The Virtues, 182 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

182. for those who come over to this worship become at once prudent, and temperate, and modest, and gentle, and merciful, and humane, and venerable, and just, and magimous, and lovers of truth, and superior to all considerations of money or pleasure; just as, on the contrary, one may see that those who forsake the holy laws of God are intemperate, shameless, unjust, disreputable, weak-minded, quarrelsome, companions of falsehood and perjury, willing to sell their liberty for luxurious eating, for strong wine, for sweetmeats, and for beauty, for pleasures of the belly and of the parts below the belly; the miserable end of all which enjoyment is ruin to both body and soul.
17. Philo of Alexandria, On The Life of Moses, 2.194 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

2.194. for the Egyptians, almost alone of all men, set up the earth as a rival of the heaven considering the former as entitled to honours equal with those of the gods, and giving the latter no especial honour, just as if it were proper to pay respect to the extremities of a country rather than to the king's palace. For in the world the heaven is the most holy temple, and the further extremity is the earth; though this too is in itself worthy of being regarded with honour; but if it is brought into comparison with the air, is as far inferior to it as light is to darkness, or night to day, or corruption to immortality, or a mortal to God.
18. Philo of Alexandria, Questions On Genesis, 3.43, 4.2, 4.57 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

19. Philo of Alexandria, That The Worse Attacks The Better, 81 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

81. And, indeed, he is accustomed diligently to record all the suggestions and purposes of God from the beginning, thinking it right to adopt his subsequent statements to aid to make them consistent with his first accounts. Therefore, after he had previously stated the breath to be the essence of the life, he would not subsequently have spoken of the blood as occupying the most important place in the body, unless he had been making a reference to some very necessary and comprehensive principle.
20. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 20.100 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

21. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

22. Nag Hammadi, The Tripartite Tractate, 76.33 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham, criticism of Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
abraham, defense of Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
abraham Bloch, Ancient Jewish Diaspora: Essays on Hellenism (2022) 168
abraham (the hebrew) Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 23
abram/abraham, change of name Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 244
abram/abraham, faith and doubt of Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
adam, curse of Pomeroy, Chrysostom as Exegete: Scholarly Traditions and Rhetorical Aims in the Homilies on Genesis (2021) 262
adam Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
aeons Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
alexandria Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 244
allegory/allegoresis, homeric parallels Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
allotment of god/the lord Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
appropriation Tupamahu, Contesting Languages: Heteroglossia and the Politics of Language in the Early Church (2022) 91
audience, of de abrahamo Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
babel, tower of Bloch, Ancient Jewish Diaspora: Essays on Hellenism (2022) 168
babel Pomeroy, Chrysostom as Exegete: Scholarly Traditions and Rhetorical Aims in the Homilies on Genesis (2021) 262; Tupamahu, Contesting Languages: Heteroglossia and the Politics of Language in the Early Church (2022) 91
barbarians Tupamahu, Contesting Languages: Heteroglossia and the Politics of Language in the Early Church (2022) 91
biblical interpretation Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
birnbaum, e. Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
bodies and realities Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 244
callimachus Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
child sacrifice Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
comparative analysis Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
confusion of tongues/languages Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 23
corinthians Tupamahu, Contesting Languages: Heteroglossia and the Politics of Language in the Early Church (2022) 91
creator, creation Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
criticism of abraham, from apostates Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
criticism of abraham, from jews Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
criticism of abraham Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
doubt Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
eden Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 23
education Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
etymology Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
fable, aesopic Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
fable Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
faith Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
father Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
figures of speech, synonyms Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
gnostic, gnosticism Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
grace Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 244
grammatical archive, commentarial strategies, allegory (ἀλληγορία) Ward, Clement and Scriptural Exegesis: The Making of a Commentarial Theologian (2022) 38
heaven Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
hellenistic period Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
heresy, heretics, heresiology Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
heteroglossia Tupamahu, Contesting Languages: Heteroglossia and the Politics of Language in the Early Church (2022) 91
hexameter Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
homer Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
inheritance of god/the lord Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
israel, seeing god Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
jews and jewish tradition, rebelliousness toward Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
jubilees, book of Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 23
levites Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
maren niehoff Bloch, Ancient Jewish Diaspora: Essays on Hellenism (2022) 168
metaphysics Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
mind, eye of Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
moses Bloch, Ancient Jewish Diaspora: Essays on Hellenism (2022) 168; Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451; Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
mutation Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
myth, greek (pagan) Bloch, Ancient Jewish Diaspora: Essays on Hellenism (2022) 168
myth, jewish Bloch, Ancient Jewish Diaspora: Essays on Hellenism (2022) 168
myth, jewish critique of Bloch, Ancient Jewish Diaspora: Essays on Hellenism (2022) 168
myth Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
names, change of Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 244
niehoff, maren Ward, Clement and Scriptural Exegesis: The Making of a Commentarial Theologian (2022) 38
odysseus Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
perfection Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 244
philo of alexandria Ward, Clement and Scriptural Exegesis: The Making of a Commentarial Theologian (2022) 38
philos colleagues Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
philosophy Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
platonism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451; Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
portion of god/the lord Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
quarrelsome exegetes Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 244
rhetoric Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 451
sacrifice of isaac, ethical interpretation of Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
sacrifice of isaac Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
sethians Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
signs Tupamahu, Contesting Languages: Heteroglossia and the Politics of Language in the Early Church (2022) 91
theology/theological, implications Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
tiberius julius alexander Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
tower of babel Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 23; Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 87
valentinus, valentinianism Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
virtues, paradise of' Geljon and Runia, Philo of Alexandria: On Planting: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2019) 160
wisdom Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 251
νόμος Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
φιλαπεχθήμων Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316
ἱεροὶ νόμοι Birnbaum and Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (2020) 316