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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9229
Philo Of Alexandria, On The Change Of Names, 202


nanFor it is no small number of persons who have been deceived by the similarity of the names of different things, and we had better examine here what I am saying. The name of Ishmael, being interpreted, means "the hearing of God," but some men listen to the divine doctrines to their benefit, and others listen to both his admonitions and to those of others only to their destruction. Do you recollect the case of the soothsayer Balaam? He is represented as hearing the oracles of God, and as having received knowledge from the Most High


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

10 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 18.10-18.11, 23.1-23.2, 34.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

18.11. וְחֹבֵר חָבֶר וְשֹׁאֵל אוֹב וְיִדְּעֹנִי וְדֹרֵשׁ אֶל־הַמֵּתִים׃ 23.1. לֹא־יִקַּח אִישׁ אֶת־אֵשֶׁת אָבִיו וְלֹא יְגַלֶּה כְּנַף אָבִיו׃ 23.1. כִּי־תֵצֵא מַחֲנֶה עַל־אֹיְבֶיךָ וְנִשְׁמַרְתָּ מִכֹּל דָּבָר רָע׃ 23.2. לֹא־תַשִּׁיךְ לְאָחִיךָ נֶשֶׁךְ כֶּסֶף נֶשֶׁךְ אֹכֶל נֶשֶׁךְ כָּל־דָּבָר אֲשֶׁר יִשָּׁךְ׃ 23.2. לֹא־יָבֹא פְצוּעַ־דַּכָּא וּכְרוּת שָׁפְכָה בִּקְהַל יְהוָה׃ 18.10. There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, one that useth divination, a soothsayer, or an enchanter, or a sorcerer," 18.11. or a charmer, or one that consulteth a ghost or a familiar spirit, or a necromancer." 23.1. A man shall not take his father’s wife, and shall not uncover his father’s skirt." 23.2. He that is crushed or maimed in his privy parts shall not enter into the assembly of the LORD." 34.10. And there hath not arisen a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face;"
2. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 6.26-6.27 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.26. הוּא אַהֲרֹן וּמֹשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהוָה לָהֶם הוֹצִיאוּ אֶת־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם עַל־צִבְאֹתָם׃ 6.27. הֵם הַמְדַבְּרִים אֶל־פַּרְעֹה מֶלֶךְ־מִצְרַיִם לְהוֹצִיא אֶת־בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל מִמִּצְרָיִם הוּא מֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן׃ 6.26. These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said: ‘Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their hosts.’" 6.27. These are they that spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt. These are that Moses and Aaron."
3. Philo of Alexandria, On The Cherubim, 32 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

32. Moses also represents Balaam, who is the symbol of a vain people, stripped of his arms, as a runaway and deserter, well knowing the war which it becomes the soul to carry on for the sake of knowledge; for he says to his ass, who is here a symbol of the irrational designs of life which every foolish man entertains, that "If I had had a sword, I should ere now have slain Thee." And great thanks are due to the Maker of all things, because he, knowing the struggles and resistance of folly, did not give to it the power of language, which would have been like giving a sword to a madman, in order that it might have no power to work great and iniquitous destruction among all whom it should meet with. 32. This, then, may be enough to say on these subjects; but it is necessary now to connect with these things what I am about to say, namely, that it was the Father of the universe who delivered these ten maxims, or oracles, or laws and enactments, as they truly are, to the whole assembled nation of men and women altogether. Did he then do so, uttering himself some kind of voice? Away! let not such an idea ever enter your mind; for God is not like a man, in need of a mouth, and of a tongue, and of a windpipe
4. Philo of Alexandria, On Drunkenness, 17-18, 30-35, 44, 48-50, 56-62, 65-76, 80-82, 84, 86, 88-92, 94, 13 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

13. Thus, at all events, the lawgiver is very indigt with all uninstructed and unmanageable persons, more than he is with any other description of people whatever. And a proof of this is this: who are they who are united in alliance not so much by study as by nature, whether among men or among the other kinds of animals? No one; not even a madman would say that any beings were so closely united as parents and children; for even by the mere untaught instinct of nature the parent always cares for his offspring, and in every case endeavours to provide for its safety and durability. IV.
5. Philo of Alexandria, On The Migration of Abraham, 113 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

113. Therefore, the vain Balaam, although he sang hymns of exceeding sublimity to God, among which, also, is that one beginning, "God is not as a Man," the most beautiful of all songs, and who uttered panegyrics on the seeing multitude, Israel, going through a countless body of particulars, is rightly judged by the wise lawgiver to have been an impious man and accursed, and to have been cursing rather than blessing;
6. Philo of Alexandria, That The Worse Attacks The Better, 71 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

71. For neither was the sophist, Balaam, who was an empty multitude of contrary and contending doctrines, when he was desirous to imprecate curses upon and to injure the good man, able to do so; since God turned his curses into a blessing, in order to correct the unjust man of wickedness and to display his own love of virtue. XXI.
7. Philo of Alexandria, That God Is Unchangeable, 182-183, 181 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

181. among whom we must enroll Balaam, for he also is a child of the earth, and not a shoot of heaven, and a proof of this is, that he, being influenced by omens and false prophecies, not even when the eye of his soul, which had been closed, recovered its sight, and "saw the angel of God standing against him in the way;"45 not even then did he turn back and desist from doing wrong, but giving way to a mighty torrent of folly, he was washed away and swallowed up by it.
8. Mishnah, Avot, 5.19 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

5.19. Whoever possesses these three things, he is of the disciples of Abraham, our father; and [whoever possesses] three other things, he is of the disciples of Balaam, the wicked. A good eye, a humble spirit and a moderate appetite he is of the disciples of Abraham, our father. An evil eye, a haughty spirit and a limitless appetite he is of the disciples of Balaam, the wicked. What is the difference between the disciples of Abraham, our father, and the disciples of Balaam, the wicked? The disciples of Abraham, our father, enjoy this world, and inherit the world to come, as it is said: “I will endow those who love me with substance, I will fill their treasuries” (Proverbs 8:21). But the disciples of Balaam, the wicked, inherit gehinnom, and descend into the nethermost pit, as it is said: “For you, O God, will bring them down to the nethermost pit those murderous and treacherous men; they shall not live out half their days; but I trust in You” (Psalms 55:24)."
9. Mishnah, Sanhedrin, 10.2 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

10.2. Three kings and four commoners have no portion in the world to come:The three kings are Jeroboam, Ahab, and Manasseh. Rabbi Judah says: “Manasseh has a portion in the world to come, for it says, “He prayed to him, and He granted his prayer, and heard his plea and he restored him to Jerusalem, to his kingdom” (II Chronicles 33:13). They [the sages] said to him: “They restored him to his kingdom, but not to [his portion in] the world to come.” The four commoners are: Bilaam, Doeg, Ahitophel, and Gehazi."
10. New Testament, 2 Peter, 2.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.15. forsaking the right way, they went astray, having followed the way of Balaam the son of Beor, who loved the wages of wrong-doing;


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abram/abraham, prayer for ishmael Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 508, 519
abram/abraham Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
alexandria Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 519
allegorical commentary Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 160, 187
allegory/allegoresis, present tense in Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
balaam, prophecy of, according to josephus Feldman, Judaism and Hellenism Reconsidered (2006) 588
balaam Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 508
body Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 160
claudius, roman emperor, expulsion of jews from rome by Feldman, Judaism and Hellenism Reconsidered (2006) 588
cycle, patriarchal, abrahamic Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187
education Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
emotions, good Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
enoch Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187, 519
etymology, greek Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187
etymology, hebrew Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187
exposition of the law Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 160
grace Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187
hagar Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
homer Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 519
homonymy Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187, 508
isaac Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 374
ishmael Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 187, 508
jacob Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187
joy Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 374
laughter Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
leah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
moses Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 160, 374, 519
names, change of Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
names, philosophy of Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 508
pentateuch Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 519
perfection Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
platonism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 374, 519
preliminary studies Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
qge Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 519
relation (category) Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
reuben Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 519
rhetoric Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145, 508
sophists Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 187
soul, as ship Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 519
soul, eye of the Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
soul Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 160
stoicism Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145
tabernacle/temple Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 160
unity, of the forms Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 160
unity, rhetorical/thematic Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
virtue' Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 374
virtue Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 145