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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9229
Philo Of Alexandria, On The Change Of Names, 143-144


nanand to those who ask, whether she who is barren has an offspring (for the holy scriptures, which some time ago represented Sarrah as barren, now confess that she will become a mother); this answer must be given, that a woman who is barren cannot, in the course of nature, bring forth an offspring, just as a blind man cannot see, nor a deaf man hear; but that the soul, which is barren of bad things, and which is unproductive of immoderate license of the passions and vices, is alone very nearly attaining to a happy delivery, bringing forth objects worthy of love, namely, the number seven, according to the hymn which is sung by Grace, that is, by Hannah, who says, "she who was barren hath born seven, and she who had many children has become weak:


nanand what she means by, "She who has many children," is the mind, which being pregnant of mixed and promiscuous reasonings, from all quarters confused together, by reason of the multitudes which crowd around her, and of the disorder which they cause, brings forth incurable evils; and by "she who was barren," she means that the mind which had never received any mortal seed, as if it were productive of offspring, but has avoided and shunned all association and all connection with the wicked, and clings to the seventh, and to the most peaceful numbers in accordance with it, for it deserves to be pregnant of it, and to be called its mother. XXVI.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, a b c d\n0 "11.30" "11.30" "11 30"\n1 "29.31" "29.31" "29 31"\n2 38.15 38.15 38 15 \n3 38.16 38.16 38 16 \n4 38.17 38.17 38 17 \n5 38.18 38.18 38 18 \n6 38.19 38.19 38 19 \n7 38.20 38.20 38 20 \n8 38.21 38.21 38 21 \n9 38.22 38.22 38 22 \n10 38.23 38.23 38 23 \n11 38.24 38.24 38 24 \n12 38.25 38.25 38 25 \n13 38.26 38.26 38 26 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 1.11, 1.14, 1.28 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.11. וַתִּדֹּר נֶדֶר וַתֹּאמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אִם־רָאֹה תִרְאֶה בָּעֳנִי אֲמָתֶךָ וּזְכַרְתַּנִי וְלֹא־תִשְׁכַּח אֶת־אֲמָתֶךָ וְנָתַתָּה לַאֲמָתְךָ זֶרַע אֲנָשִׁים וּנְתַתִּיו לַיהוָה כָּל־יְמֵי חַיָּיו וּמוֹרָה לֹא־יַעֲלֶה עַל־רֹאשׁוֹ׃ 1.14. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֶיהָ עֵלִי עַד־מָתַי תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִין הָסִירִי אֶת־יֵינֵךְ מֵעָלָיִךְ׃ 1.28. וְגַם אָנֹכִי הִשְׁאִלְתִּהוּ לַיהוָה כָּל־הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר הָיָה הוּא שָׁאוּל לַיהוָה וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ שָׁם לַיהוָה׃ 1.11. And she vowed a vow, and said, O Lord of hosts, if Thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of Thy handmaid, and remember me, and not forget Thy handmaid, but wilt give to Thy handmaid a man child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head." 1.14. And ῾Eli said to her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee." 1.28. therefore also I have presented him to the Lord; as long as he lives he shall be devoted to the Lord. And he bowed down to the Lord there."
3. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, a b c d\n0 "54.1" "54.1" "54 1" (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4. Philo of Alexandria, On Husbandry, 97, 96 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

96. And these things thus expressed resemble visions and prodigies; I mean the account of one dragon uttering the voice of a man and pouring his sophistries into most innocent dispositions, and deceiving the woman with plausible arguments of persuasion; and of another becoming a cause of complete safety to those who looked upon it.
5. Philo of Alexandria, On The Cherubim, 3-4, 40-41, 5-10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Why then do we wonder if God once for all banished Adam, that is to say, the mind out of the district of the virtues, after he had once contracted folly, that incurable disease, and if he never permitted him again to return, when he also drives out and banishes from wisdom and from the wise man every sophist, and the mother of sophists, the teaching that is of elementary instruction, while he calls the names of wisdom and of the wise man Abraham, and Sarah. IV. 10. He also considered this point, in the second place, that it is indispensable that the soul of the man who is about to receive sacred laws should be thoroughly cleansed and purified from all stains, however difficult to be washed out, which the promiscuous multitude of mixed men from all quarters has impregnated cities with;
6. Philo of Alexandria, On The Preliminary Studies, 125, 124 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

124. But there are times when virtue, as if making experiment of those who come to her as pupils, to see how much eagerness they have, does not come forward to meet them, but veiling her face like Tamar, sits down in the public road, giving room to those who are traveling along the road to look upon her as a harlot, in order that those who are over curious on the subject may take off her veil and disclose her features, and may behold the untouched, and unpolluted, and most exquisite, and truly virgin beauty of modesty and chastity.
7. Philo of Alexandria, On Drunkenness, 144-152, 143 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

143. And it is an especial property of law and of instruction to distinguish what is profane from what is holy, and what is unclean from what is clean; as, on the other hand, it is the effect of lawlessness and ignorance to combine things that are at variance with one another by force, and to throw everything into disorder and confusion. XXXVI. On this account the greatest of the kings and prophets, Samuel, as the sacred scriptures tell us, drank no wine or intoxicating liquors to the day of his death; for he is enrolled among the ranks of the divine army which he will never leave in consequence of the prudence of the wise captain.
8. Philo of Alexandria, On Flight And Finding, 150-156, 149 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

149. Nor does he, who is sent forth to search for that virtue which is invincible and embittered against the ridiculous pursuits of men, by name Tamar, find her. And this failure of his is strictly in accordance with nature; for we read in the scripture, "And Judah sent a kid in the hands of his shepherd, the Adullamite, to receive back his pledge from the woman, and he found her not: and he asked the men of the place, Where is the harlot who was in Ae by the wayside? and they said, There is no harlot in this place. And he returned back to Judah, and said unto him, I have not found her, and the men of the place say that there is no harlot there. And Judah said, Let her keep the things, only let me not be made a laughing-stock, I because I have sent the kid, and you because you have not found Her." Oh, the admirable trial! oh, the temptation becoming sacred things!
9. Philo of Alexandria, On The Change of Names, 131-136, 139-140, 144, 147, 152, 130 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

130. Having now discussed at sufficient length the subject of change and alteration of names, we will turn to the matters which come next in order in our proposed examination. Immediately after the events which we have just mentioned, came the birth of Isaac; for after God had given to his mother the name of Sarrah instead of Sarah, he said to Abraham, "I will give unto thee a Son." We must consider each of the things here indicated particularly.
10. Philo of Alexandria, On Curses, 159 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

159. For the love of virtue being inflamed and excited by the brilliant appearance of virtue, burns to ashes the pleasures of the body, and then cuts them to pieces and pounds them to nothing, using the divine word which can at all times divide everything. And in this manner he teaches us that among the bodily advantages are health, and beauty, and the accuracy of the outward senses, and the perfection of bodily vigour with strength and mighty energy; but still that all these things are common to accursed and wicked persons, while if they were really good no wicked person would be allowed to partake of them.
11. Philo of Alexandria, On Dreams, 1.254 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.254. and there is an evidence in favour of my argument, in the conduct of the prophetess, and mother of a prophet, Hannah, whose name being translated, signifies grace; for she says that she gives her son, "Samuel, as a gift to the Holy One," not dedicating him more as a human being, than as a disposition full of inspiration, and possessed by a divinely sent impulse; and the name Samuel being interpreted means, "appointed to God.
12. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 1.32, 3.18, 3.217-3.219 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.32. And we must consider that the man who was formed of earth, means the mind which is to be infused into the body, but which has not yet been so infused. And this mind would be really earthly and corruptible, if it were not that God had breathed into it the spirit of genuine life; for then it "exists," and is no longer made into a soul; and its soul is not inactive, and incapable of proper formation, but a really intellectual and living one. "For man," says Moses, "became a living soul." XIII.
13. Philo of Alexandria, That God Is Unchangeable, 11-15, 5, 10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Now the most evident sign of a soul devoted to God is that song in which that expression occurs, "She that was barren has borne seven children, and she that had many children has become weak."7
14. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 3.7-3.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15. New Testament, Galatians, a b c d\n0 "4.27" "4.27" "4 27" (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
abram/abraham Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 395, 396
allegorical commentary Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 385, 386, 395; Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
allegory Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159; Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
arithmology, seven Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 395, 396
conversion Marcar, Divine Regeneration and Ethnic Identity in 1 Peter: Mapping Metaphors of Family, Race, and Nation (2022) 166
euphrates Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
gap Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
geography, problems of Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
geography Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
grace Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 390, 396
hagar Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 395, 396
hannah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 390, 396; Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
hannah (mother of samuel) Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 237
isaac Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 386, 390, 395
joseph Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 385, 387
joy Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 390
keturah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 395
laughter Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 390
leah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 386, 390
levites Keddie, Class and Power in Roman Palestine: The Socioeconomic Setting of Judaism and Christian Origins (2019) 180
literal sense Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
miracle Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
moses Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 387, 390
motherhood Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
myth, in the bible Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
paradise Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
paul of tarsus Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 237
pharaoh Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 387
philo Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
philo of alexandria Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 237
plausibility Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
preliminary studies Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 396
promises, divine Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 387
prophets Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 395, 396
questions and answers Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
rachel Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 386, 390
rachel (matriarch) Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 237
samuel Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
sarah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 385, 386, 390, 395, 396; Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
sarah (matriarch) Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 237
septuagint Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
sterility Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 237
tamar Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 386, 387
temple mount, jerusalem temple Keddie, Class and Power in Roman Palestine: The Socioeconomic Setting of Judaism and Christian Origins (2019) 180
textual problem Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
tigris Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
tithes' Keddie, Class and Power in Roman Palestine: The Socioeconomic Setting of Judaism and Christian Origins (2019) 180
torah Keddie, Class and Power in Roman Palestine: The Socioeconomic Setting of Judaism and Christian Origins (2019) 180
trauma Allen and Doedens, Turmoil, Trauma and Tenacity in Early Jewish Literature (2022) 237
unity, arithmological Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 396
verisimilitude Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (2011) 159
virginity Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
virtue Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 385, 386
womanhood Sly, Philo's Perception of Women (1990) 177
zipporah Cover, Philo of Alexandria: On the Change of Names (2023) 386, 390