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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9155
Petronius Arbiter, Satyricon, 67-68


nanBut tell me, Gaius, why is Fortunata not at dinner?" "Do you not know her better?" said Trimalchio."Until she has collected the silver, and divided the remains among the slaves, she will not let a drop of water pass her lips." "Oh," replied Habinnas, "but unless she is here I shall take myself off," and he was just getting up, when at a given signal all the slaves called "Fortunata" four times and more. So she came in with a high yellow waist-band on, which allowed a cherry-red bodice to appear under it, and twisted anklets, and white shoes embroidered with gold. She wiped her hands on a cloth which she had round her neck, took her place on the sofa, where Scintilla, Habinnas's wife, was lying, kissed her as she was clapping her hands, and said, "Is it really you, dear?" Fortunata then went so far as to take the bracelets off her fat arms to exhibit them to Scintilla's admiring gaze. At last she even took off her anklets and her hair-net, which she said was eighteen carat. Trimalchio saw her, and ordered the whole lot to be brought to him. "There," he said, "are a woman's fetters; that is how we poor fools are plundered. She must have six pounds and a half of gold on her. I have got a bracelet myself, made out of the percentage which I owe to Mercury, that weighs not an ounce under ten pounds." At last, for fear we should think he was lying, he ordered the scales to be brought, and had the weight carried round and tested. Scintilla was just as bad. She took off a little gold box from her neck, which she called her lucky box. Then she brought out two earrings, and gave them to Fortunata to look at in her turn, and said, "Thanks to my husband's kindness, nobody has finer ones." "What?" said Habinnas, you bullied me to buy you a glass bean. I declare if I had a daughter I would cut off her ears. If there were no women, we should never trouble about anything: as it is, we sweat for them and get cold thanks." Meanwhile the tipsy wives laughed together, and gave each other drunken kisses, one prating of her prudence as a housewife, the other of the favourites of her husband and his inattention to her. While they were hobnobbing, Habinnas got up quietly, took Fortunata by the legs, and threw her over on the sofa. She shouted out, "Oh! goodness!" and her dress flew up over her knees. She took refuge in Scintilla's arms, and buried her burning red face in a napkin.


nanAfter an interval, Trimalchio ordered fresh relays of food to be brought in. The slaves took away all the tables, brought in others, and sprinkled about sawdust coloured with saffron and vermilion, and, what I had never seen before, powdered talc. Trimalchio at once said, "I might really be satisfied with this course; for you have got your fresh relays. But if there is anything nice, put it on." Meanwhile a boy from Alexandria, who was handing hot water, began to imitate a nightingale, and made Trimalchio shout, "Oh! change the tune." Then there was another joke. A slave, who was sitting at the feet of Habinnas, began, by his master's orders I suppose, suddenly to cry in a loud voice: "Now with his fleet Aeneas held the main." No sharper sound ever pierced my ears; for besides his making barbarous mistakes in raising or lowering his voice, he mixed up Atellane verses with it, so that Virgil jarred on me for the first time in my life. All the same, Habinnas supplied applause when he had at last left off, and said, "He never went to school, but I educated him by sending him round the hawkers in the market. So he has no equal when he wants to imitate mule-drivers or hawkers. He is terribly clever; he is a cobbler too, a cook, a confectioner, a slave of all the talents. He has only two faults, and if he were rid of them he would be simply perfect. He is a Jew and he snores. For I do not mind his being cross-eyed; he has a look like Venus. So that is why he cannot keep silent, and scarcely ever shuts his eyes. I bought him for three hundred denarii." Scintilla interrupted his story by saying


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

32 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 22.1-22.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

22.1. וַיְהִי אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וְהָאֱלֹהִים נִסָּה אֶת־אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי׃ 22.1. וַיִּשְׁלַח אַבְרָהָם אֶת־יָדוֹ וַיִּקַּח אֶת־הַמַּאֲכֶלֶת לִשְׁחֹט אֶת־בְּנוֹ׃ 22.2. וַיֹּאמֶר קַח־נָא אֶת־בִּנְךָ אֶת־יְחִידְךָ אֲשֶׁר־אָהַבְתָּ אֶת־יִצְחָק וְלֶךְ־לְךָ אֶל־אֶרֶץ הַמֹּרִיָּה וְהַעֲלֵהוּ שָׁם לְעֹלָה עַל אַחַד הֶהָרִים אֲשֶׁר אֹמַר אֵלֶיךָ׃ 22.2. וַיְהִי אַחֲרֵי הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וַיֻּגַּד לְאַבְרָהָם לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה יָלְדָה מִלְכָּה גַם־הִוא בָּנִים לְנָחוֹר אָחִיךָ׃ 22.1. And it came to pass after these things, that God did prove Abraham, and said unto him: ‘Abraham’; and he said: ‘Here am I.’" 22.2. And He said: ‘Take now thy son, thine only son, whom thou lovest, even Isaac, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt-offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.’"
2. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 9.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.3. לֹא יֵשְׁבוּ בְּאֶרֶץ יְהוָה וְשָׁב אֶפְרַיִם מִצְרַיִם וּבְאַשּׁוּר טָמֵא יֹאכֵלוּ׃ 9.3. They shall not dwell in the LORD’S land; But Ephraim shall return to Egypt, And they shall eat unclean food in Assyria."
3. Hebrew Bible, Jonah, 1.5, 1.7-1.10, 1.14-1.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.5. וַיִּירְאוּ הַמַּלָּחִים וַיִּזְעֲקוּ אִישׁ אֶל־אֱלֹהָיו וַיָּטִלוּ אֶת־הַכֵּלִים אֲשֶׁר בָּאֳנִיָּה אֶל־הַיָּם לְהָקֵל מֵעֲלֵיהֶם וְיוֹנָה יָרַד אֶל־יַרְכְּתֵי הַסְּפִינָה וַיִּשְׁכַּב וַיֵּרָדַם׃ 1.7. וַיֹּאמְרוּ אִישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵהוּ לְכוּ וְנַפִּילָה גוֹרָלוֹת וְנֵדְעָה בְּשֶׁלְּמִי הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת לָנוּ וַיַּפִּלוּ גּוֹרָלוֹת וַיִּפֹּל הַגּוֹרָל עַל־יוֹנָה׃ 1.8. וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֵלָיו הַגִּידָה־נָּא לָנוּ בַּאֲשֶׁר לְמִי־הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת לָנוּ מַה־מְּלַאכְתְּךָ וּמֵאַיִן תָּבוֹא מָה אַרְצֶךָ וְאֵי־מִזֶּה עַם אָתָּה׃ 1.9. וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם עִבְרִי אָנֹכִי וְאֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם אֲנִי יָרֵא אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה אֶת־הַיָּם וְאֶת־הַיַּבָּשָׁה׃ 1.14. וַיִּקְרְאוּ אֶל־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמְרוּ אָנָּה יְהוָה אַל־נָא נֹאבְדָה בְּנֶפֶשׁ הָאִישׁ הַזֶּה וְאַל־תִּתֵּן עָלֵינוּ דָּם נָקִיא כִּי־אַתָּה יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר חָפַצְתָּ עָשִׂיתָ׃ 1.15. וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת־יוֹנָה וַיְטִלֻהוּ אֶל־הַיָּם וַיַּעֲמֹד הַיָּם מִזַּעְפּוֹ׃ 1.16. וַיִּירְאוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים יִרְאָה גְדוֹלָה אֶת־יְהוָה וַיִּזְבְּחוּ־זֶבַח לַיהוָה וַיִּדְּרוּ נְדָרִים׃ 1.5. And the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god; and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship into the sea, to lighten it unto them. But Jonah was gone down into the innermost parts of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep." 1.7. And they said every one to his fellow: ‘Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this evil is upon us.’ So they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonah." 1.8. Then said they unto him: ‘Tell us, we pray thee, for whose cause this evil is upon us: what is thine occupation? and whence comest thou? what is thy country? and of what people art thou?’" 1.9. And he said unto them: ‘I am an Hebrew; and I fear the LORD, the God of heaven, who hath made the sea and the dry land.’" 1.10. Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him: ‘What is this that thou hast done?’ For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them." 1.14. Wherefore they cried unto the LORD, and said: ‘We beseech Thee, O LORD, we beseech Thee, let us not perish for this man’s life, and lay not upon us innocent blood; for Thou, O LORD, hast done as it pleased Thee.’" 1.15. So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea; and the sea ceased from its raging." 1.16. Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly; and they offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows."
4. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 23.34 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

23.34. וְהָיִיתָ כְּשֹׁכֵב בְּלֶב־יָם וּכְשֹׁכֵב בְּרֹאשׁ חִבֵּל׃ 23.34. Yea, thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top of a mast."
5. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 20 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

6. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 35.6, 35.16 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

35.16. כִּי הֵקִימוּ בְּנֵי יְהוֹנָדָב בֶּן־רֵכָב אֶת־מִצְוַת אֲבִיהֶם אֲשֶׁר צִוָּם וְהָעָם הַזֶּה לֹא שָׁמְעוּ אֵלָי׃ 35.16. Because the sons of Jonadab the son of Rechab have performed the commandment of their father which he commanded them, but this people hath not hearkened unto Me;"
7. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 4.1-4.6, 4.8, 4.12-4.14 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.1. וּמַאֲכָלְךָ אֲשֶׁר תֹּאכֲלֶנּוּ בְּמִשְׁקוֹל עֶשְׂרִים שֶׁקֶל לַיּוֹם מֵעֵת עַד־עֵת תֹּאכֲלֶנּוּ׃ 4.1. וְאַתָּה בֶן־אָדָם קַח־לְךָ לְבֵנָה וְנָתַתָּה אוֹתָהּ לְפָנֶיךָ וְחַקּוֹתָ עָלֶיהָ עִיר אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִָם׃ 4.2. וְנָתַתָּה עָלֶיהָ מָצוֹר וּבָנִיתָ עָלֶיהָ דָּיֵק וְשָׁפַכְתָּ עָלֶיהָ סֹלְלָה וְנָתַתָּה עָלֶיהָ מַחֲנוֹת וְשִׂים־עָלֶיהָ כָּרִים סָבִיב׃ 4.3. וְאַתָּה קַח־לְךָ מַחֲבַת בַּרְזֶל וְנָתַתָּה אוֹתָהּ קִיר בַּרְזֶל בֵּינְךָ וּבֵין הָעִיר וַהֲכִינֹתָה אֶת־פָּנֶיךָ אֵלֶיהָ וְהָיְתָה בַמָּצוֹר וְצַרְתָּ עָלֶיהָ אוֹת הִיא לְבֵית יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 4.4. וְאַתָּה שְׁכַב עַל־צִדְּךָ הַשְּׂמָאלִי וְשַׂמְתָּ אֶת־עֲוֺן בֵּית־יִשְׂרָאֵל עָלָיו מִסְפַּר הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר תִּשְׁכַּב עָלָיו תִּשָּׂא אֶת־עֲוֺנָם׃ 4.5. וַאֲנִי נָתַתִּי לְךָ אֶת־שְׁנֵי עֲוֺנָם לְמִסְפַּר יָמִים שְׁלֹשׁ־מֵאוֹת וְתִשְׁעִים יוֹם וְנָשָׂאתָ עֲוֺן בֵּית־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 4.6. וְכִלִּיתָ אֶת־אֵלֶּה וְשָׁכַבְתָּ עַל־צִדְּךָ הימוני [הַיְמָנִי] שֵׁנִית וְנָשָׂאתָ אֶת־עֲוֺן בֵּית־יְהוּדָה אַרְבָּעִים יוֹם יוֹם לַשָּׁנָה יוֹם לַשָּׁנָה נְתַתִּיו לָךְ׃ 4.12. וְעֻגַת שְׂעֹרִים תֹּאכֲלֶנָּה וְהִיא בְּגֶלְלֵי צֵאַת הָאָדָם תְּעֻגֶנָה לְעֵינֵיהֶם׃ 4.13. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה כָּכָה יֹאכְלוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־לַחְמָם טָמֵא בַּגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר אַדִּיחֵם שָׁם׃ 4.14. וָאֹמַר אֲהָהּ אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנֵּה נַפְשִׁי לֹא מְטֻמָּאָה וּנְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה לֹא־אָכַלְתִּי מִנְּעוּרַי וְעַד־עַתָּה וְלֹא־בָא בְּפִי בְּשַׂר פִּגּוּל׃ 4.1. Thou also, son of man, take thee a tile, and lay it before thee, and trace upon it a city, even Jerusalem;" 4.2. and lay siege against it, and build forts against it, and cast up a mound against it; set camps also against it, and set battering rams against it round about." 4.3. And take thou unto thee an iron griddle, and set it for a wall of iron between thee and the city; and set thy face toward it, and it shall be besieged, and thou shalt lay siege against it. This shall be a sign to the house of Israel." 4.4. Moreover lie thou upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it; according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon it, thou shalt bear their iniquity." 4.5. For I have appointed the years of their iniquity to be unto thee a number of days, even three hundred and ninety days; so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel." 4.6. And again, when thou hast accomplished these, thou shalt lie on thy right side, and shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah; forty days, each day for a year, have I appointed it unto thee." 4.12. And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.’" 4.13. And the LORD said: ‘Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their bread unclean, among the nations whither I will drive them.’" 4.14. Then said I: ‘Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul hath not been polluted; for from my youth up even till now have I not eaten of that which dieth of itself, or is torn of beasts; neither came there abhorred flesh into my mouth.’"
8. Anon., 1 Enoch, 101.5 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

101.5. in sore trouble And therefore do they fear because all their goodly possessions go upon the sea with them, and they have evil forebodings of heart that the sea will swallow them and they will
9. Cicero, On Duties, 1.150-1.151 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.150. Iam de artificiis et quaestibus, qui liberales habendi, qui sordidi sint, haec fere accepimus. Primum improbantur ii quaestus, qui in odia hominum incurrunt, ut portitorum, ut faeneratorum. Illiberales autem et sordidi quaestus mercennariorum omnium, quorum operae, non quorum artes emuntur; est enim in illis ipsa merces auctoramentum servitutis. Sordidi etiam putandi, qui mercantur a mercatoribus, quod statim vendant; nihil enim proficiant, nisi admodum mentiantur; nec vero est quicquam turpius vanitate. Opificesque omnes in sordida arte versantur; nec enim quicquam ingenuum habere potest officina. Minimeque artes eae probandae, quae ministrae sunt voluptatum: Cetárii, lanií, coqui, fartóres, piscatóres, ut ait Terentius; adde hue, si placet, unguentarios, saltatores totumque ludum talarium. 1.151. Quibus autem artibus aut prudentia maior inest aut non mediocris utilitas quaeritur, ut medicina, ut architectura, ut doctrina rerum honestarum, eae sunt iis, quorum ordini conveniunt, honestae. Mercatura autem, si tenuis est. sordida putanda est; sin magna et copiosa, multa undique apportans multisque sine vanitate impertiens, non est admodum vituperanda, atque etiam, si satiata quaestu vel contenta potius, ut saepe ex alto in portum, ex ipso portu se in agros possessionesque contulit, videtur iure optimo posse laudari. Omnium autem rerum, ex quibus aliquid acquiritur, nihil est agri cultura melius, nihil uberius, nihil dulcius, nihil homine libero dignius; de qua quoniam in Catone Maiore satis multa diximus, illim assumes, quae ad hunc locum pertinebunt. 1.150.  Now in regard to trades and other means of livelihood, which ones are to be considered becoming to a gentleman and which ones are vulgar, we have been taught, in general, as follows. First, those means of livelihood are rejected as undesirable which incur people's ill-will, as those of tax-gatherers and usurers. Unbecoming to a gentleman, too, and vulgar are the means of livelihood of all hired workmen whom we pay for mere manual labour, not for artistic skill; for in their case the very wage they receive is a pledge of their slavery. Vulgar we must consider those also who buy from wholesale merchants to retail immediately; for they would get no profits without a great deal of downright lying; and verily, there is no action that is meaner than misrepresentation. And all mechanics are engaged in vulgar trades; for no workshop can have anything liberal about it. Least respectable of all are those trades which cater for sensual pleasures: "Fishmongers, butchers, cooks, and poulterers, And fishermen," as Terence says. Add to these, if you please, the perfumers, dancers, and the whole corps de ballet. 1.151.  But the professions in which either a higher degree of intelligence is required or from which no small benefit to society is derived — medicine and architecture, for example, and teaching — these are proper for those whose social position they become. Trade, if it is on a small scale, is to be considered vulgar; but if wholesale and on a large scale, importing large quantities from all parts of the world and distributing to many without misrepresentation, it is not to be greatly disparaged. Nay, it even seems to deserve the highest respect, if those who are engaged in it, satiated, or rather, I should say, satisfied with the fortunes they have made, make their way from the port to a country estate, as they have often made it from the sea into port. But of all the occupations by which gain is secured, none is better than agriculture, none more profitable, none more delightful, none more becoming to a freeman. But since I have discussed this quite fully in my Cato Major, you will find there the material that applies to this point.
10. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 3.41 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3.41. When the traders of the region heard what was said to them, they took silver and gold in immense amounts, and fetters, and went to the camp to get the sons of Israel for slaves. And forces from Syria and the land of the Philistines joined with them.
11. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 8.34 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

8.34. The thrice-accursed Nicanor, who had brought the thousand merchants to buy the Jews,'
12. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 26.29 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

13. Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 7.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

7.1. For like a most skilful pilot, the reason of our father Eleazar steered the ship of religion over the sea of the emotions
14. Horace, Sermones, 2.8 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.8. 2. Now, although I cannot but think that I have already demonstrated, and that abundantly, more than was necessary, that our fathers were not originally Egyptians, nor were thence expelled, either on account of bodily diseases, or any other calamities of that sort 2.8. for Apion hath the impudence to pretend, that “the Jews placed an ass’s head in their holy place;” and he affirms that this was discovered when Antiochus Epiphanes spoiled our temple, and found that ass’s head there made of gold, and worth a great deal of money.
15. Ovid, Amores, 1.5.9-1.5.14, 1.7.47-1.7.48, 3.1.7-3.1.10 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

16. Ovid, Ars Amatoria, 1.31-1.32, 2.297-2.302, 3.169-3.192, 3.273 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

17. Ovid, Fasti, 1.405-1.410, 2.319-2.324 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.405. There were Naiads too, some with uncombed flowing hair 1.406. Others with their tresses artfully bound. 1.407. One attends with tunic tucked high above the knee 1.408. Another shows her breast through her loosened robe: 1.409. One bares her shoulder: another trails her hem in the grass 1.410. Their tender feet are not encumbered with shoes. 2.319. She gave him thin vests dyed in Gaetulian purple 2.320. Gave him the elegant zone that had bound her waist. 2.321. The zone was too small for his belly, and he unfastened 2.322. The clasps of the vests to thrust out his great hands. 2.323. He fractured her bracelets, not made for such arms 2.324. And his giant feet split the little shoes.
18. Propertius, Elegies, 2.1.15, 4.7.40-4.7.41, 4.11.61 (1st cent. BCE

19. Tibullus, Elegies, 1.10.61 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

20. Vergil, Aeneis, 4.215-4.217, 9.616 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.215. of woodland creatures; the wild goats are seen 4.216. from pointed crag descending leap by leap 4.217. down the steep ridges; in the vales below 9.616. have lasting music, no remotest age
21. Juvenal, Satires, 5, 11 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

22. Lucan, Pharsalia, 2.360-2.364 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

23. New Testament, Acts, 9.1-9.9, 27.18-27.19 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9.1. But Saul, still breathing threats and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest 9.2. and asked for letters from him to the synagogues of Damascus, that if he found any who were of the Way, whether men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. 9.3. As he traveled, it happened that he got close to Damascus, and suddenly a light from the sky shone around him. 9.4. He fell on the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? 9.5. He said, "Who are you, Lord?"The Lord said, "I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. 9.6. But rise up, and enter into the city, and you will be told what you must do. 9.7. The men who traveled with him stood speechless, hearing the voice, but seeing no one. 9.8. Saul arose from the ground, and when his eyes were opened, he saw no one. They led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus. 9.9. He was without sight for three days, and neither ate nor drank.
24. Petronius Arbiter, Satyricon, 27-66, 68-78, 95, 26 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

25. Petronius Arbiter, Satyricon, 27-78, 95, 26 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

26. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 11.77, 33.41 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

27. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 114.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

28. Valerius Maximus, Memorable Deeds And Sayings, 2.1.4, 4.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

29. Achilles Tatius, The Adventures of Leucippe And Cleitophon, 5.3.7, 5.5.8, 5.7.8 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

30. Apuleius, The Golden Ass, 1.9, 8.26 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

31. Lucian, Dialogues of The Courtesans, 5 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

32. Philostratus The Athenian, Life of Apollonius, 4.32 (2nd cent. CE

4.32. And about this time it happened that a certain youth of Lacedaemon was charged by his fellow citizens with violating the customs of his country. For though he was descended from Callicratidas who led the navy at the battle of Arginusae, yet he was devoted to seafaring and paid no attention to public affairs; but, instead of doing so, would sail off to Carthage or Sicily in the ships which he had had built. Apollonius then hearing that he was arraigned for this conduct, thought it a pity to desert the youth who had just fallen under the hand of justice, and said to him: My excellent fellow, why do you go about so full of anxiety and with such a gloomy air? A public prosecution, said the other, has been instituted against me, because I go in for seafaring and take no part in public affairs. And was your father or your grandfather a mariner? of course not, said the other; they were all of them chiefs of the gymnasium and Ephors and public guardians; Callicratidas, however, my ancestor, was a real admiral of the fleet. I suppose, said Apollonius, you hardly mean him of Arginusae fame? Yes, that fell in the naval action leading his fleet. Then, said Apollonius, your ancestor's mode of death has not given you any prejudice against a seafaring life? No, by Zeus, said the other, for it is not with a view to conducting battles by sea that I set sail. Well, and can you mention any rabble of people more wretched and ill-starred than merchants and skippers? In the first place they roam from sea to sea, looking for some market that is badly stocked; and then they sell and are sold, associating with factors and brokers, and they subject their own heads to the most unholy rate of interest in their hurry to get back to the principal; and if they do well, their ship has a lucky voyage, and they tell you a long story of how they never wrecked it either willingly or unwillingly; but if their gains do not balance their debts, they jump into their long boats and dash their ships on to the rocks, and make no bones as sailors of robbing others of their substance, pretending in the most blasphemous manner that it is an act of God. And even if the seafaring crowd who go on voyages be not so bad as I make them out to be; yet is there any shame worse than this, for a man who is a citizen of Sparta and the child of forbears who of old lived in the heart of Sparta, to secrete himself in the hold of a ship, oblivious of Lycurgus and Iphitus, thinking of nought but of cargoes and petty bills of lading? For if he thinks of nothing else, he might at least bear in mind that Sparta herself, so long as she stuck to the land, enjoyed a fame reaching to heaven; but when she began to covet the sea, she sank down and down, and was blotted out at last, not only on the sea but on the land as well. The young man was so overcome by these arguments, that he bowed his head to the earth and wept, because he heard he was so degenerate from his fathers; and he sold the ships by which he lived. And when Apollonius saw that he was restored to his senses and inclined to embrace a career on land, he led him before the Ephors and obtained his acquittal.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
achilles tatius, leukippe and kleitophon König, Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture (2012) 276
allotment Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
animals, color descriptions and uses of, birds Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77
apocalyptic Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 39
appropriateness, of colors in architecture and interiors Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
apuleius, metamorphoses König, Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture (2012) 276
apuleius Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
benefaction Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
blushing Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 78
calories Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
cannibalism, and consumption of human flesh in fiction' König, Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture (2012) 276
census Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
chemical processes, in dye manufacture Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
chiton (cingillum (belt) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
clothing, colors of Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78, 79
colors, blue Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
colors, gold, golden Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78, 79
colors, red Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34, 77, 78
colors, white Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
colors, yellow Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 79
commerce Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
conspicuous consumption Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
contact Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
corinna Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
cornelia Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 78
death Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
decadence Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
decay Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
decline Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
demographics Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
divine commands, violation of sacred law Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 39
dream imagery, animals Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 39
dream imagery, religious Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 39
dream imagery, violation of sacred law Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 39
dreams, erotic Hubbard, A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities (2014) 158
dyes and dyeing Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
economics, debt Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
economics, employment Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
economics, labor Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
economics, property, assets, goods Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
economics, reciprocal exchange Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
economics, wealth Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
economics Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
economics of status Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
emperors, alexander severus Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 78
emperors, nero Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 79
empire, roman Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
epigram (literary genre) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
equality Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
excrement Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
filth Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
fiscal regimes Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
flavian period (literature, dress) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
fortunata Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78
fortunata (wife of trimalchio) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222, 269
foul Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
freedmen Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78, 79; Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
friendship Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
frugality, enforced Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
frugality, legislated Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
frugality, rhetoric of Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
gellius, aulus Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
gender, colors appropriate for Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77
gift Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
gratitude Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
greece Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
greed Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
hairnets Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 78
heart Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
hebrew bible Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
homosexuality, between women Hubbard, A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities (2014) 158
honor Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
husbandry Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
imperial cults Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
india and indians Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
intercourse, sexual, tribadistic Hubbard, A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities (2014) 158
irony Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
iugera Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
jewelry Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78
kindness Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
knees Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
kraybill, j. Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
legs Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
lexiphanes, on salaried posts König, Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture (2012) 276
lust Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
luxuria, and moralistic attitudes, against Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78, 79
luxury Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
marcia Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
martial Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
merchants Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
methodology, sociological criticism Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
minerals and gems Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34, 79
mitra (headscarf) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
mobility, social Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
opening (clothing) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
ovid Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
paintings Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
patrimony Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
patronage Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
periscelides (ankle bracelets) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
peter and cornelius' visions, content" Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 39
peter and cornelius' visions, form" '669.0_39.0@sacred law Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 39
petronius, satyrica, imitation of plato's symposium" König, Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture (2012) 276
petronius, satyrica König, Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture (2012) 276
petronius Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214; Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
phaecasia (shoe) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
pigments, sources of Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34, 79
politics Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
pollution Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
poverty Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
propertius Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
puteoli Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
red ( Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
reticulum (hairnet) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
revenues Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
revolution, literary Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
rhetoric Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
rimell, victoria König, Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture (2012) 277
rome Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
sailors Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
satire, hexameter Hubbard, A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities (2014) 158
satisficing Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
seafarers Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
self-fashioning Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
self-sufficiency Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
ship captain Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
shoes, socks (garments) Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77
slavery (servant) Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 286
slaves Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78, 79; Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
social classes, colors appropriate, for Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78, 79
socrates Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
sprinkling, of colored materials Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34, 79
subsistence Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
subucula (undertunic) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 269
surplus Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
synthesis (garment) Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
timarchus Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
trade Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
trade guilds Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
trees Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77
tribas Hubbard, A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities (2014) 158
trica (triclinium (trimalchio Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
trimalchio Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78, 79
tyre, destruction of Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
unbearable Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
valerius maximus Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
veil Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222
vestorius (dye maker) Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 34
wealth, critique of Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 205
wife, wives Viglietti and Gildenhard, Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic (2020) 34
womb Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 214
women, attitudes toward Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 78
women, descriptions of Goldman, Color-Terms in Social and Cultural Context in Ancient Rome (2013) 77, 78
wool, woollen Radicke, Roman Women’s Dress: Literary Sources, Terminology, and Historical Development (2022) 222