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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9125
Pausanias, Description Of Greece, 2.31.1


ἐν τῇ ἀγορᾷ Τροιζηνίων ναὸς καὶ ἀγάλματα Ἀρτέμιδός ἐστι Σωτείρας· Θησέα δὲ ἐλέγετο ἱδρύσασθαι καὶ ὀνομάσαι Σώτειραν, ἡνίκα Ἀστερίωνα τὸν Μίνω καταγωνισάμενος ἀνέστρεψεν ἐκ τῆς Κρήτης. ἀξιολογώτατον δὲ εἶναι τοῦτο ἔδοξέν οἱ τῶν κατειργασμένων, οὐ τοσοῦτον ἐμοὶ δοκεῖν ὅτι ἀνδρείᾳ τοὺς ἀποθανόντας ὑπὸ Θησέως ὑπερέβαλεν ὁ Ἀστερίων, ἀλλὰ τό τε ἐκ τοῦ λαβυρίνθου δυσέξοδον καὶ τὸ λαθόντα ἀποδρᾶναι μετὰ τὸ ἔργον ἐποίησεν εἰκότα τὸν λόγον ὡς προνοίᾳ θείᾳ καὶ αὐτὸς ἀνασωθείη Θησεὺς καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ.In the market-place of Troezen is a temple of Artemis Saviour, with images of the goddess. It was said that the temple was founded and the name Saviour given by Theseus when he returned from Crete after overcoming Asterion the son of Minos. This victory he considered the most noteworthy of his achievements, not so much, in my opinion, because Asterion was the bravest of those killed by Theseus, but because his success in unravelling the difficult Maze and in escaping unnoticed after the exploit made credible the saying that it was divine providence that brought Theseus and his company back in safety.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

3 results
1. Aristophanes, The Rich Man, 1181 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1181. δίκην ἀποφυγών, ὁ δ' ἂν ἐκαλλιερεῖτό τις
2. Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, 17 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

3. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.31.2, 2.37.5, 3.22.12, 8.6.5 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.31.2. In this temple are altars to the gods said to rule under the earth. It is here that they say Semele was brought out of Hell by Dionysus, and that Heracles dragged up the Hound of Hell. Cerberus, the fabulous watch-dog. But I cannot bring myself to believe even that Semele died at all, seeing that she was the wife of Zeus; while, as for the so-called Hound of Hell, I will give my views in another place. Paus. 3.25.6 . 2.37.5. I saw also what is called the Spring of Amphiaraus and the Alcyonian Lake, through which the Argives say Dionysus went down to Hell to bring up Semele, adding that the descent here was shown him by Palymnus. There is no limit to the depth of the Alcyonian Lake, and I know of nobody who by any contrivance has been able to reach the bottom of it since not even Nero, who had ropes made several stades long and fastened them together, tying lead to them, and omitting nothing that might help his experiment, was able to discover any limit to its depth. 3.22.12. When the inhabitants of these cities were expelled, they were anxious to know where they ought to settle, and an oracle was given them that Artemis would show them where they were to dwell. When therefore they had gone on shore, and a hare appeared to them, they looked upon the hare as their guide on the way. When it dived into a myrtle tree, they built a city on the site of the myrtle, and down to this day they worship that myrtle tree, and name Artemis Saviour. 8.6.5. Farther off from Melangeia, about seven stades distant from Mantineia, there is a well called the Well of the Meliasts. These Meliasts celebrate the orgies of Dionysus. Near the well is a hall of Dionysus and a sanctuary of Black Aphrodite. This surname of the goddess is simply due to the fact that men do not, as the beasts do, have sexual intercourse always by day, but in most cases by night.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alcyone Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
anodos ἄνοδος, dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
aphrodite, aphrodite melainis Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
aphrodite Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
arrival Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
artemis, artemis triklaria Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
asclepius, power not limited to healing Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
crown, crowned Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
dionysi, dionysoi, dionysoses Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
dionysos, anodos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
dionysos, dionysos aisymnetes Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
dionysos, dionysos baccheios Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
epithets, cultic, a homonymous god bearing the same epithet Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
epithets, cultic, theoretical analysis of Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
gods, divine power, extension and modification of Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
gods, divine power, variations in time and space Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
gods, unity and multiplicity of Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
hades place Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
hermione Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
initiation, initiatory rites Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
kathodos κάθοδος dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
mantinea Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
melias Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
meliastai Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
myth, mythical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
night, nocturnal Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
nymph Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
otherworld Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
patras Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
rite, ritual Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
sanctuary Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
semele Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
sex, sexuality Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
soter, transmission of the epithet Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
sourvinou-inwood, c. Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144
vegetation' Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
zeus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 408
zeus soter, multiple cults of Jim, Saviour Gods and Soteria in Ancient Greece (2022) 144