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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9125
Pausanias, Description Of Greece, 10.6.4


οἱ δὲ Καστάλιόν τε ἄνδρα αὐτόχθονα καὶ θυγατέρα ἐθέλουσιν αὐτῷ γενέσθαι Θυίαν, καὶ ἱερᾶσθαί τε τὴν Θυίαν Διονύσῳ πρῶτον καὶ ὄργια ἀγαγεῖν τῷ θεῷ· ἀπὸ ταύτης δὲ καὶ ὕστερον ὅσαι τῷ Διονύσῳ μαίνονται Θυιάδας καλεῖσθαι σφᾶς ὑπὸ ἀνθρώπων· Ἀπόλλωνος δʼ οὖν παῖδα καὶ Θυίας νομίζουσιν εἶναι Δελφόν. οἱ δὲ μητρὸς μὲν Μελαίνης φασὶν αὐτόν, θυγατρὸς Κηφισοῦ.Others maintain that Castalius, an aboriginal, had a daughter Thyia, who was the first to be priestess of Dionysus and celebrate orgies in honor of the god. It is said that later on men called after her Thyiads all women who rave in honor of Dionysus. At any rate they hold that Delphus was a son of Apollo and Thyia. Others say that his mother was Melaena, daughter of Cephisus.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

14 results
1. Aeschylus, Eumenides, 23-26, 22 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

22. σέβω δὲ νύμφας, ἔνθα Κωρυκὶς πέτρα
2. Aristophanes, Clouds, 604-606, 603 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

603. Παρνασσίαν θ' ὃς κατέχων
3. Euripides, Bacchae, 298-300, 297 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

297. Ἥρᾳ ποθʼ ὡμήρευσε, συνθέντες λόγον.
4. Euripides, Ion, 551-553, 714-718, 550 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

550. Didst thou in days gone by come to the Pythian rock? Xuthu
5. Sophocles, Antigone, 1151 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

6. Catullus, Poems, 64.391 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 4.25.4 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.25.4.  He also took part in the expedition of the Argonauts, and because of the love he held for his wife he dared the amazing deed of descending into Hades, where he entranced Persephonê by his melodious song and persuaded her to assist him in his desires and to allow him to bring up his dead wife from Hades, in this exploit resembling Dionysus; for the myths relate that Dionysus brought up his mother Semelê from Hades, and that, sharing with her his own immortality, he changed her name to Thyonê. But now that we have discussed Orpheus, we shall return to Heracles.
8. Vergil, Aeneis, 4.302 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.302. that woman, who was homeless in our realm
9. Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3.5.2-3.5.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.5.2. διελθὼν δὲ Θρᾴκην καὶ τὴν Ἰνδικὴν ἅπασαν, στήλας ἐκεῖ στήσας 1 -- ἧκεν εἰς Θήβας, καὶ τὰς γυναῖκας ἠνάγκασε καταλιπούσας τὰς οἰκίας βακχεύειν ἐν τῷ Κιθαιρῶνι. Πενθεὺς δὲ γεννηθεὶς ἐξ Ἀγαυῆς Ἐχίονι, παρὰ Κάδμου εἰληφὼς τὴν βασιλείαν, διεκώλυε ταῦτα γίνεσθαι, καὶ παραγενόμενος εἰς Κιθαιρῶνα τῶν Βακχῶν κατάσκοπος ὑπὸ τῆς μητρὸς Ἀγαυῆς κατὰ μανίαν ἐμελίσθη· ἐνόμισε γὰρ αὐτὸν θηρίον εἶναι. δείξας δὲ Θηβαίοις ὅτι θεός ἐστιν, ἧκεν εἰς Ἄργος, κἀκεῖ 2 -- πάλιν οὐ τιμώντων αὐτὸν ἐξέμηνε τὰς γυναῖκας. αἱ δὲ ἐν τοῖς ὄρεσι τοὺς ἐπιμαστιδίους ἔχουσαι 3 -- παῖδας τὰς σάρκας αὐτῶν ἐσιτοῦντο. 3.5.3. βουλόμενος δὲ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰκαρίας εἰς Νάξον διακομισθῆναι, Τυρρηνῶν λῃστρικὴν ἐμισθώσατο τριήρη. οἱ δὲ αὐτὸν ἐνθέμενοι Νάξον μὲν παρέπλεον, ἠπείγοντο δὲ εἰς τὴν Ἀσίαν ἀπεμπολήσοντες. ὁ δὲ τὸν μὲν ἱστὸν 4 -- καὶ τὰς κώπας ἐποίησεν ὄφεις, τὸ δὲ σκάφος ἔπλησε κισσοῦ καὶ βοῆς αὐλῶν· οἱ δὲ ἐμμανεῖς γενόμενοι κατὰ τῆς θαλάττης ἔφυγον καὶ ἐγένοντο δελφῖνες. ὣς δὲ 1 -- αὐτὸν θεὸν ἄνθρωποι ἐτίμων, ὁ δὲ ἀναγαγὼν ἐξ Ἅιδου τὴν μητέρα, καὶ προσαγορεύσας Θυώνην, μετʼ αὐτῆς εἰς οὐρανὸν ἀνῆλθεν.
10. Plutarch, On The E At Delphi, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

11. Plutarch, On Isis And Osiris, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

364e. from the nature of Osiris and the ceremony of finding him. That Osiris is identical with Dionysus who could more fittingly know than yourself, Clea? For you are at the head of the inspired maidens of Delphi, and have been consecrated by your father and mother in the holy rites of Osiris. If, however, for the benefit of others it is needful to adduce proofs of this identity, let us leave undisturbed what may not be told, but the public ceremonies which the priests perform in the burial of the Apis, when they convey his body on an improvised bier, do not in any way come short of a Bacchic procession; for they fasten skins of fawns about themselves, and carry Bacchic wand
12. Statius, Thebais, 12.792 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13. Valerius Flaccus Gaius, Argonautica, 8.447 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.2.5, 1.31.6, 2.20.4, 2.31.5, 2.37.5, 3.13.7, 4.31.4, 6.26.1, 7.21.6, 10.4.3, 10.19.4, 10.32.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.2.5. One of the porticoes contains shrines of gods, and a gymnasium called that of Hermes. In it is the house of Pulytion, at which it is said that a mystic rite was performed by the most notable Athenians, parodying the Eleusinian mysteries. But in my time it was devoted to the worship of Dionysus. This Dionysus they call Melpomenus (Minstrel), on the same principle as they call Apollo Musegetes (Leader of the Muses). Here there are images of Athena Paeonia (Healer), of Zeus, of Mnemosyne (Memory) and of the Muses, an Apollo, the votive offering and work of Eubulides, and Acratus, a daemon attendant upon Apollo; it is only a face of him worked into the wall. After the precinct of Apollo is a building that contains earthen ware images, Amphictyon, king of Athens, feasting Dionysus and other gods. Here also is Pegasus of Eleutherae, who introduced the god to the Athenians. Herein he was helped by the oracle at Delphi, which called to mind that the god once dwelt in Athens in the days of Icarius. 1.31.6. There is a parish called Acharnae, where they worship Apollo Agyieus (God of Streets) and Heracles, and there is an altar of Athena Health. And they call upon the name of Athena Horse-goddess and Dionysus Singer and Dionysus Ivy, saying that the plant ivy first appeared there. 2.20.4. The tomb near this they call that of the maenad Chorea, saying that she was one of the women who joined Dionysus in his expedition against Argos, and that Perseus, being victorious in the battle, put most of the women to the sword. To the rest they gave a common grave, but to Chorea they gave burial apart because of her high rank. 2.31.5. Not far from Artemis Lycea are altars close to one another. The first of them is to Dionysus, surnamed, in accordance with an oracle, Saotes (Saviour); the second is named the altar of the Themides (Laws), and was dedicated, they say, by Pittheus. They had every reason, it seems to me, for making an altar to Helius Eleutherius (Sun, God of Freedom), seeing that they escaped being enslaved by Xerxes and the Persians. 2.37.5. I saw also what is called the Spring of Amphiaraus and the Alcyonian Lake, through which the Argives say Dionysus went down to Hell to bring up Semele, adding that the descent here was shown him by Palymnus. There is no limit to the depth of the Alcyonian Lake, and I know of nobody who by any contrivance has been able to reach the bottom of it since not even Nero, who had ropes made several stades long and fastened them together, tying lead to them, and omitting nothing that might help his experiment, was able to discover any limit to its depth. 3.13.7. Opposite is what is called the Knoll, with a temple of Dionysus of the Knoll, by which is a precinct of the hero who they say guided Dionysus on the way to Sparta . To this hero sacrifices are offered before they are offered to the god by the daughters of Dionysus and the daughters of Leucippus. For the other eleven ladies who are named daughters of Dionysus there is held a footrace; this custom came to Sparta from Delphi . 4.31.4. On the road from Thuria towards Arcadia are the springs of the Pamisus, at which little children find cures. A road turns to the left from the springs, and after some forty stades is the city of the Messenians under Ithome . It is enclosed not only by Mount Ithome, but on the side towards the Pamisos by Mount Eva. The mountain is said to have obtained its name from the fact that the Bacchic cry of “Evoe” was first uttered here by Dionysus and his attendant women. 6.26.1. Between the market-place and the Menius is an old theater and a shrine of Dionysus. The image is the work of Praxiteles. of the gods the Eleans worship Dionysus with the greatest reverence, and they assert that the god attends their festival, the Thyia. The place where they hold the festival they name the Thyia is about eight stades from the city. Three pots are brought into the building by the priests and set down empty in the presence of the citizens and of any strangers who may chance to be in the country. The doors of the building are sealed by the priests themselves and by any others who may be so inclined. 7.21.6. Near to the theater there is a precinct sacred to a native lady. Here are images of Dionysus, equal in number to the ancient cities, and named after them Mesateus, Antheus and Aroeus. These images at the festival of Dionysus they bring into the sanctuary of the Dictator. This sanctuary is on the right of the road from the market-place to the sea-quarter of the city. 10.4.3. The former passage, in which Homer speaks of the beautiful dancing-floors of Panopeus, I could not understand until I was taught by the women whom the Athenians call Thyiads. The Thyiads are Attic women, who with the Delphian women go to Parnassus every other year and celebrate orgies in honor of Dionysus. It is the custom for these Thyiads to hold dances at places, including Panopeus, along the road from Athens . The epithet Homer applies to Panopeus is thought to refer to the dance of the Thyiads. 10.19.4. The carvings in the pediments are: Artemis, Leto, Apollo, Muses, a setting Sun, and Dionysus together with the Thyiad women. The first of them are the work of Praxias, an Athenian and a pupil of Calamis, but the temple took some time to build, during which Praxias died. So the rest of the ornament in the pediments was carved by Androsthenes, like Praxias an Athenian by birth, but a pupil of Eucadmus. There are arms of gold on the architraves; the Athenians dedicated the shields from spoils taken at the battle of Marathon, and the Aetolians the arms, supposed to be Gallic, behind and on the left. Their shape is very like that of Persian wicker shields. 10.32.7. But the Corycian cave exceeds in size those I have mentioned, and it is possible to make one's way through the greater part of it even without lights. The roof stands at a sufficient height from the floor, and water, rising in part from springs but still more dripping from the roof, has made clearly visible the marks of drops on the floor throughout the cave. The dwellers around Parnassus believe it to be sacred to the Corycian nymphs, and especially to Pan. From the Corycian cave it is difficult even for an active walker to reach the heights of Parnassus . The heights are above the clouds, and the Thyiad women rave there in honor of Dionysus and Apollo.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
acharnae, acharnian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
aegean Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
apollo, apollonian, apolline Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
apollo, travels Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
archegetes ἀρχηγέτης Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
archive Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
argos, argive Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 410
attica, attic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 291
bacchants, bacchae, bacchai Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 291
caryatids Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
cave, corycian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
cave Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
choreia Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
classical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
column of the dancers Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
corycia, corycian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
cult, cultic acts for specific cults, the corresponding god or place Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dadaphorios month Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
dance, dancing, ecstatic, frenzied, maenadic, orgiastic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
delphi, delphian, delphic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 291, 410
dionysi, dionysoi, dionysoses Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dionysos, arrival Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
dionysos, dionysos aisymnetes Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dionysos, dionysos auxitès Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dionysos, dionysos kissos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dionysos, dionysos liknites Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
dionysos, dionysos melpomenos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dionysos, dionysos patroos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dionysos, dionysos polites Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
dionysos, epiphany Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
dionysos, nurse of Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 291, 410
dionysus Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
elis Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
enthusiasm ἐνθουσιασμός, enthusiastic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
female Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
festival, festivity, festive Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
frenzy, frenzied Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
hades place Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
heaven, heavenly Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
heraia Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
hero Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
heroine Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
indo-european Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
lerna, lernaean Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
maenads, maenadic, maenadism, rites/cults Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
maenads, maenadic, maenadism Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
megara, megarean Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
mysteries, mystery cults, bacchic, dionysiac Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
myth, mythical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 410
night, nocturnal Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
nymph Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
oracle, oracular, oracle of delphi Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
oracle, oracular Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
oracle Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
orgia ὄργια Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
pamphylia, pamphylian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
parnassus, parnassian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
patras Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
pediment Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
phocis Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
plutarch, de e apud delphos Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
plutarch Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
polis Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
priest, priesthood Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
priestess Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
rite, ritual Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
sanctuary Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291, 410
seasons Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
semele, death Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
semele Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
sparta, spartan Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
spartiate Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
statue Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
temenos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
temple Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291, 410
theater, theatrical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
thessaly, thessalian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
thiasos θίασος Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 291
thracia, thracian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 410
thyia Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 410
thyiads, thyiades Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 291, 410
thyiads Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
thyone Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
tragedy, tragic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
travel Gagne, Cosmography and the Idea of Hyperborea in Ancient Greece (2021), 186
troizen Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
underworld Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
vases, attic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8, 291
woman' Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8
zeus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 8