Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9125
Pausanias, Description Of Greece, 1.19.6


διαβᾶσι δὲ τὸν Ἰλισὸν χωρίον Ἄγραι καλούμενον καὶ ναὸς Ἀγροτέρας ἐστὶν Ἀρτέμιδος· ἐνταῦθα Ἄρτεμιν πρῶτον θηρεῦσαι λέγουσιν ἐλθοῦσαν ἐκ Δήλου, καὶ τὸ ἄγαλμα διὰ τοῦτο ἔχει τόξον. τὸ δὲ ἀκούσασι μὲν οὐχ ὁμοίως ἐπαγωγόν, θαῦμα δʼ ἰδοῦσι, στάδιόν ἐστι λευκοῦ λίθου. μέγεθος δὲ αὐτοῦ τῇδε ἄν τις μάλιστα τεκμαίροιτο· ἄνωθεν ὄρος ὑπὲρ τὸν Ἰλισὸν ἀρχόμενον ἐκ μηνοειδοῦς καθήκει τοῦ ποταμοῦ πρὸς τὴν ὄχθην εὐθύ τε καὶ διπλοῦν. τοῦτο ἀνὴρ Ἀθηναῖος Ἡρώδης ᾠκοδόμησε, καί οἱ τὸ πολὺ τῆς λιθοτομίας τῆς Πεντελῆσιν ἐς τὴν οἰκοδομὴν ἀνηλώθη.Across the Ilisus is a district called Agrae and a temple of Artemis Agrotera (the Huntress). They say that Artemis first hunted here when she came from Delos, and for this reason the statue carries a bow. A marvel to the eyes, though not so impressive to hear of, is a race-course of white marble, the size of which can best be estimated from the fact that beginning in a crescent on the heights above the Ilisus it descends in two straight lines to the river bank. This was built by Herodes, an Athenian, and the greater part of the Pentelic quarry was exhausted in its construction.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

8 results
1. Sophocles, Ajax, 173, 172 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2. Xenophon, The Persian Expedition, 3.2.12 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

3.2.12. And while they had vowed to Artemis that for every man they might slay of the enemy they would sacrifice a goat to the goddess, they were unable to find goats enough; According to Herodotus ( Hdt. 6.117 ) the Persian dead numbered 6,400. so they resolved to offer five hundred every year, and this sacrifice they are paying even to this day.
3. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 58 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4. Plutarch, Moralia, 841 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. Plutarch, Themistocles, 1.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Plutarch, Theseus, 21 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.21, 1.24.7, 1.26.4, 1.41.3, 1.43.2, 3.26.3, 5.10.1, 5.14.1, 5.14.3, 7.5.4, 7.20.6, 8.7.3, 8.32.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.24.7. The statue of Athena is upright, with a tunic reaching to the feet, and on her breast the head of Medusa is worked in ivory. She holds a statue of Victory about four cubits high, and in the other hand a spear; at her feet lies a shield and near the spear is a serpent. This serpent would be Erichthonius. On the pedestal is the birth of Pandora in relief. Hesiod and others have sung how this Pandora was the first woman; before Pandora was born there was as yet no womankind. The only portrait statue I remember seeing here is one of the emperor Hadrian, and at the entrance one of Iphicrates, A famous Athenian soldier.fl. 390 B.C. who accomplished many remarkable achievements. 1.26.4. Near the statue of Olympiodorus stands a bronze image of Artemis surnamed Leucophryne, dedicated by the sons of Themistocles; for the Magnesians, whose city the King had given him to rule, hold Artemis Leucophryne in honor. But my narrative must not loiter, as my task is a general description of all Greece . Endoeus fl. 540 B.C. was an Athenian by birth and a pupil of Daedalus, who also, when Daedalus was in exile because of the death of Calos, followed him to Crete . Made by him is a statue of Athena seated, with an inscription that Callias dedicated the image, but Endoeus made it. 1.41.3. Not far from the tomb of Hyllus is a temple of Isis, and beside it one of Apollo and of Artemis. They say that Alcathous made it after killing the lion called Cithaeronian. By this lion they say many were slain, including Euippus, the son of Megareus their king, whose elder son Timalcus had before this been killed by Theseus while on a campaign with the Dioscuri against Aphidna . Megareus they say promised that he who killed the Cithaeronian lion should marry his daughter and succeed him in the kingdom. Alcathous therefore, son of Pelops, attacked the beast and overcame it, and when he came to the throne he built this sanctuary, surnaming Artemis Agrotera (Huntress) and Apollo Agraeus ( Hunter ). 1.43.2. In the Town-hall are buried, they say, Euippus the son of Megareus and Ischepolis the son of Alcathous. Near the Town-hall is a rock. They name it Anaclethris (Recall), because Demeter (if the story be credible) here too called her daughter back when she was wandering in search of her. Even in our day the Megarian women hold a performance that is a mimic representation of the legend. 3.26.3. In this little island there are bronze statues of the Dioscuri, a foot high, in the open air. The sea will not move them, though in winter-time it washes over the rock, which is wonderful. Also the ants here have a whiter color than is usual. The Messenians say that this district was originally theirs, and so they think that the Dioscuri belong to them rather than to the Lacedaemonians. 5.10.1. Many are the sights to be seen in Greece, and many are the wonders to be heard; but on nothing does Heaven bestow more care than on the Eleusinian rites and the Olympic games. The sacred grove of Zeus has been called from of old Altis, a corruption of the word “alsos,” which means a grove. Pindar Pind. O. 10.55 too calls the place Altis in an ode composed for an Olympic victor. 5.14.1. The altar at Olympia shows another strange peculiarity, which is this. The kite, the bird of prey with the most rapacious nature, never harms those who are sacrificing at Olympia . Should ever a kite seize the entrails or some of the flesh, it is regarded as an unfavorable sign for the sacrificer. There is a story that when Heracles the son of Alcmena was sacrificing at Olympia he was much worried by the flies. So either on his own initiative or at somebody's suggestion he sacrificed to Zeus Averter of Flies, and thus the flies were diverted to the other side of the Alpheius. It is said that in the same way the Eleans too sacrifice to Zeus Averter of Flies, to drive I take ἐξελαύνοντες to be a conative present participle; Frazer takes it as an ordinary temporal participle; “when they drive out.” the flies out of Olympia . 5.14.3. So from the first down to the present all rivers have not been equally suited for the growth of plants and trees. Tamarisks grow best and in the greatest numbers by the Maeander ; the Boeotian Asopus can produce the tallest reeds; the persea tree flourishes only in the water of the Nile . So it is no wonder that the white poplar grew first by the Acheron and the wild olive by the Alpheius, and that the dark poplar is a nursling of the Celtic land of the Celtic Eridanus. 7.5.4. The land of the Ionians has the finest possible climate, and sanctuaries such as are to be found nowhere else. First because of its size and wealth is that of the Ephesian goddess, and then come two unfinished sanctuaries of Apollo, the one in Branchidae, in Milesian territory, and the one at Clarus in the land of the Colophonians. Besides these, two temples in Ionia were burnt down by the Persians, the one of Hera in Samos and that of Athena at Phocaea . Damaged though they are by fire, I found them a wonder. 7.20.6. Next to the market-place is the Music Hall, where has been dedicated an Apollo well worth seeing. It was made from the spoils taken when alone of the Achaeans the people of Patrae helped the Aetolians against the army of the Gauls. The Music Hall is in every way the finest in Greece, except, of course, the one at Athens . This is unrivalled in size and magnificence, and was built by Herodes, an Athenian,in memory of his dead wife. The reason why I omitted to mention this Music Hall in my history of Attica is that my account of the Athenians was finished before Herodes began the building. 8.7.3. A greater marvel still is the water that boils in the Maeander, which comes partly from a rock surrounded by the stream, and partly rises from the mud of the river. In front of Dicaearchia also, in the land of the Etruscans, there is water boiling in the sea, and an artificial island has been made through it, so that this water is not “untilled,” That is, “idle” or “useless.” The allusion, of course, is to the Untilled Plain. but serves for hot baths. 8.32.4. There is also in this district a hill to the east, and on it a temple of Artemis Huntress this too was dedicated by Aristodemus. To the right of the Huntress is a precinct. Here there is a sanctuary of Asclepius, with images of the god and of Health, and a little lower down there are gods, also of square shape, surnamed Workers, Athena Worker and Apollo, God of Streets. To Hermes, Heracles and Eileithyia are attached traditions from the poems of Homer: that Hermes is the minister of Zeus and leads the souls of the departed down to Hades, Hom. Od. 24.1, Hom. Od. 24.10, Hom. Od. 24.l00 . and that Heracles accomplished many difficult tasks; Hom. Il. 8.362 foll. Eileithyia, he says in the Iliad, cares for the pangs of women. Hom. Il. 16.187 and Hom. Il. 19.103 .
8. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 2.43, 6.13 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

2.43. So he was taken from among men; and not long afterwards the Athenians felt such remorse that they shut up the training grounds and gymnasia. They banished the other accusers but put Meletus to death; they honoured Socrates with a bronze statue, the work of Lysippus, which they placed in the hall of processions. And no sooner did Anytus visit Heraclea than the people of that town expelled him on that very day. Not only in the case of Socrates but in very many others the Athenians repented in this way. For they fined Homer (so says Heraclides ) 50 drachmae for a madman, and said Tyrtaeus was beside himself, and they honoured Astydamas before Aeschylus and his brother poets with a bronze statue. 6.13. Wisdom is a most sure stronghold which never crumbles away nor is betrayed. Walls of defence must be constructed in our own impregnable reasonings. He used to converse in the gymnasium of Cynosarges (White hound) at no great distance from the gates, and some think that the Cynic school derived its name from Cynosarges. Antisthenes himself too was nicknamed a hound pure and simple. And he was the first, Diocles tells us, to double his cloak and be content with that one garment and to take up a staff and a wallet. Neanthes too asserts that he was the first to double his mantle. Sosicrates, however, in the third book of his Successions of Philosophers says this was first done by Diodorus of Aspendus, who also let his beard grow and used a staff and a wallet.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
agrai Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
agrotera Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
aiskhylos Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
ajax Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
alexander Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
antoninus pius Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
apatouria Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
apollo Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76, 249
archaïsme Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
ares, artemis and Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
ares, sacrifice/ sacrificial rituals Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
aristeia as memorials Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
aristeion Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
artemis, ares and Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
artemis, cult and rites Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
artemis, sacrifice/sacrificial rituals for Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
artemis, sanctuaries and temples Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
artemis Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
artemis agrotera, procession and sacrifice Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
artemis agrotera Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
artemis of euboea Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
artemis phosphoros Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 373
assembly (ekklesia) Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
aster Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
athena itonia in athens, location of the itonian temenos Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
athenae Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
athens, artemis, cult of Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 373
axiochos, an athenian Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
black hunter, the Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 91
bologna kylix Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 91
christian, artisans Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
city wall gates, athens Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
codrus, his ruse in hellanicus Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 91
codrus, on kylix vase Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 91
codrus Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 91
culture, culture grecque Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
deinias of erkhia Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
delos, artemis, cult of Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
delos Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
demeter Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
demosthenes Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76; Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 91
egypt, herodotuss representation of Kirkland, Herodotus and Imperial Greek Literature: Criticism, Imitation, Reception (2022) 322
eleusis Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
enyalius Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
epikrates (legislator) Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
euboea, artemis, cult of Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
euripides Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
goats, artemis/hunting goddesses and Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
gods, temple of Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
hadrian Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
hadrianus Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
hellenism(e), hellenic identity Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
herakles Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
herodes atticus Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
herodotus Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
histoire/history Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
identity (greek) Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
ilissos river Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249; Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
inscriptions, dedications Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
itonian gate, athens Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
kallirrhoe, fountain of ilissos Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
khaironeia, battle of xiii Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
kleinias, son of axiochos Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
kore Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
mantineia Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
marathon, battle of Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
marathon (μαραθών, μαραθώνας) Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
minoan-mycenaean religion and art, artemis and Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 373
neoptolemos of melite Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
odeion of herodes atticus Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
oenomaus Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
olympic (festival) Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
panathenaia, greater Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
panathenaic stadium Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
past (greek) Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
paul (apostle) Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
pausanias Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135; Kirkland, Herodotus and Imperial Greek Literature: Criticism, Imitation, Reception (2022) 320, 321, 322
persian wars Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
phiale Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
philip ii Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
philosophers, epicurean Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
philosophy Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
processions Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
puteoli Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
pyrrhikhe/pyrrhikhistai Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
sacrifice/sacrificial rituals, for ares Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
sacrifice/sacrificial rituals, for artemis Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
sanctuaries and temples, of artemis Simon, Zeyl, and Shapiro,, The Gods of the Greeks (2021) 182
socrates Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
style' Fleury and Schmidt, Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times - Regards sur la Seconde Sophistique et son époque(2010) 135
theater of dionysos Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
theseus Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 249
torch-race Henderson, The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus (2020) 76
trade/economy Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
trajan Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89
vase painting, walls, city walls of ancient athens Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 173
wonder (thauma, thôma) Kirkland, Herodotus and Imperial Greek Literature: Criticism, Imitation, Reception (2022) 320, 321, 322
ὀλύμπιος Breytenbach and Tzavella, Early Christianity in Athens, Attica, and Adjacent Areas (2022) 89