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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



9048
Papyri, P.Yadin, 21
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

19 results
1. Mishnah, Bava Batra, 9.10, 10.1-10.2 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

10.1. A simple document has the signatures within (at the bottom of the page); a sewn document has signatures behind [each fold]. If in a simple document its witnesses signed behind, or if in a sewn document its witnesses signed within, they are invalid. Rabbi Hanina ben Gamaliel says: “If in a sewn document its witnesses signed within, it is valid, since it can be made into a simple document.” Rabbi Shimon ben Gamaliel says: “Everything should follow local custom.”" 10.2. A simple document requires two witnesses; a sewn document requires three. If a simple document has only one witness, or a sewn document has only two, they are both invalid. If it was written in a debt document: “100 zuz which are 20 sela (=80”, he (the creditor) can claim only 20 sela; if [it was written] “100 zuz which are 30 sela (=120” he (the creditor) can claim only 100 zuz. [If there was written in a debt document] “Silver zuzim which are …”, and the rest was erased, [the creditor can claim] at least two zuzim. [If there was written in a debt document] “Silver selas which are …”, and the rest was erased, [the creditor can claim] at least two selas. [If there was written in a debt document] “Darics which are …”, and the rest was erased, [the creditor can claim] at least two darics. If at the top was written a “maneh (100” and at the bottom “200 zuz”, or “200 zuz” at the top and “maneh” at the bottom, everything goes according to the bottom amount. If so, why is the figure written at the top of the document? So that, if a letter of the lower figure was erased, they can learn from the upper figure."
2. Mishnah, Ketuvot, 4.7, 4.12 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

4.7. If he did not write a kethubah for her, a virgin still collects two hundred zuz and a widow one mane, because it is a condition laid down by court. If he assigned to her in writing a field that was worth one mane instead of the two hundred zuz and did not write for her, “All property that I possess is a lien for your ketubah”, he is liable [for the full amount] because it is a condition laid down by the court." 4.12. If he did not write for her, “You shall live in my house and be maintained from my estate throughout the duration of your widowhood”, he is nevertheless liable, because [this clause] is a condition laid down by the court. Thus did the men of Jerusalem write. The men of Galilee wrote as did the men of Jerusalem. The men of Judea used to write: “Until the heirs wish to pay you your ketubah”. Therefore if the heirs wish to, they may pay her her ketubah and dismiss her."
3. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 13.45 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4. Tosefta, Gittin, 1.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. Tosefta, Ketuvot, 4.9 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4.9. Hillel the Elder would explain lay-language [of contracts as if it were the biblical text]. When the people of Alexandria would betroth wives, another would come and seize her from the street. The matter came to the Sages. They sought to make their children bastards [since the betrothal was valid, so when they are married to others in the meantime their children will be illegitimate]. Hillel the Elder said to them: \"Bring to me the ketubah of your mothers.\" They brought them for him, and it was written in it \"When you enter my house, you will be my wife according to the law of Moshe and Yisrael\" [in other words, based on a fine reading of the ketubah text, the betrothal only takes full effect when she enters his house, which means that the other husband was not illegitimate and her children aren't bastards]."
6. Gaius, Instiutiones, 3.92 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.5 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10.5. To Trajan. Last year, Sir, when I was in serious ill-health and was in some danger of my life I called in an ointment-doctor {iatroliptes}, and I can only adequately repay him for the pains and interest he took in my case if you are kind enough to help me. Let me, therefore, entreat you to bestow on him the Roman citizenship, for he belongs to a foreign race and was manumitted by a foreign lady. His name is Harpocras, his patroness being Thermuthis, the daughter of Theon, but she has been dead for some years. I also beg you to give full Roman citizenship * to the freedwomen of Antonia Maximilla, a lady of great distinction, Hedia, and Antonia Harmeris. It is at the request of their patroness that I beg this favour.
8. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.5 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10.5. To Trajan. Last year, Sir, when I was in serious ill-health and was in some danger of my life I called in an ointment-doctor {iatroliptes}, and I can only adequately repay him for the pains and interest he took in my case if you are kind enough to help me. Let me, therefore, entreat you to bestow on him the Roman citizenship, for he belongs to a foreign race and was manumitted by a foreign lady. His name is Harpocras, his patroness being Thermuthis, the daughter of Theon, but she has been dead for some years. I also beg you to give full Roman citizenship * to the freedwomen of Antonia Maximilla, a lady of great distinction, Hedia, and Antonia Harmeris. It is at the request of their patroness that I beg this favour.
9. Babylonian Talmud, Bava Metzia, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

104a. איבעי לך לאתויי בדוולא,אמר רב פפא הני תרתי מתניתא קמייתא משכחת לה בין בחכרנותא בין בקבלנותא מכאן ואילך דאיתא בקבלנותא ליתא בחכרנותא ודאיתא בחכרנותא ליתא בקבלנותא:,אם אמר לו חכור לי שדה בית השלחין זה [וכו']: ואמאי לימא ליה שמא בעלמא אמרי לך מי לא תניא האומר לחבירו בית כור עפר אני מוכר לך אע"פ שאין בו אלא לתך הגיעו שלא מכר לו אלא שמא והוא דמתקרי בית כור,כרמא אני מוכר לך אע"פ שאין בו גפנים הגיעו שלא מכר לו אלא שמא והוא דמתקרי כרמא פרדס אני מוכר לך אע"פ שאין בו רמונים הגיעו שלא מכר לו אלא שמא והוא דמתקרי פרדסא אלמא אמר ליה שמא בעלמא אמרי לך הכא נמי נימא ליה שמא בעלמא אמרי לך,אמר שמואל לא קשיא הא דאמר ליה מחכיר לחוכר הא דאמר ליה חוכר למחכיר אמר ליה מחכיר לחוכר שמא בעלמא א"ל א"ל חוכר למחכיר קפידא,רבינא אמר אידי ואידי דא"ל מחכיר לחוכר מדקאמר זה מכלל דקאי בגוה עסקינן בית השלחין למה ליה למימר דקאמר ליה בית השלחין כדקיימא השתא:, big strongמתני׳ /strong /big המקבל שדה מחבירו והובירה שמין אותה כמה ראויה לעשות ונותן לו שכך כותב לו אם אוביר ולא אעביד אשלם במיטבא:, big strongגמ׳ /strong /big ר"מ היה דורש לשון הדיוט דתניא ר"מ אומר אם אוביר ולא אעביד אשלם במיטבא,רבי יהודה היה דורש לשון הדיוט דתניא ר' יהודה אומר אדם מביא קרבן עשיר על אשתו וכן כל קרבן וקרבן שהיא חייבת שכך כותב לה אחריות דאית ליך עלי מן קדמת דנא,הלל הזקן היה דורש לשון הדיוט דתניא אנשי אלכסנדריא היו מקדשין את נשותיהם ובשעת כניסתן לחופה באין אחרים וחוטפים אותם מהן ובקשו חכמים לעשות בניהם ממזרים,אמר להן הלל הזקן הביאו לי כתובת אמכם הביאו לו כתובת אמן ומצא שכתוב בהן לכשתכנסי לחופה הוי לי לאינתו ולא עשו בניהם ממזרים,ר"י בן קרחה היה דורש לשון הדיוט דתניא ר"י בן קרחה אומר המלוה את חבירו לא ימשכננו יותר מחובו שכך כותב לו תשלומתא דאית לך עלי כל קבל דיכי,טעמא דכתב ליה הכי הא אי לא כתב ליה הכי לא קניא והא אמר רבי יוחנן משכנו והשיב לו המשכון ומת שומטו מעל גבי בניו 104a. bYou should have broughtwater bin a bucket. /b, bRav Pappa said:With regard to bthese first two imishnayot /i, you findthat they are correct, bconcerning both tecy,where the tet farmer gives a certain amount of produce to the owner and keeps the rest, bas well asthe case of ba contractor,who gives a set proportion, e.g., one-quarter or one-third, of the yield to the owner, and keeps the rest. bFrom thispoint bforward,i.e., from the third mishna of the chapter until its end, that bwhich isrelevant to the case bof a contractor is notapplicable bto tecy, andthat bwhich isrelevant bto tecy is notapplicable btothe case of ba contractor. /b,§ The mishna teaches: bIfthe cultivator bsaid tothe landowner explicitly: bLease me this irrigated field,or he said: Lease me this field with trees, and the spring dried up or the trees were cut down, he may subtract from the produce he owes as part of his tecy. The Gemara asks: bBut whyis this so? bLetthe owner bsay to him: I told you only the name,i.e., the type, of the field, but this does not mean it would actually be irrigated during the time you are cultivating it. bIsn’t it taughtin a ibaraita /i: In the case of bone who says to another: I am selling you a ibeit kor /ifield bof dirt, althoughthe field bcontains only a half- ikor /i,once the buyer purchases the dirt bit has come to him,i.e., he may not retract from the transaction, basthe seller bsold himthe dirt bonlyby bthe name,and he did not mean that its size was precisely a ibeit kor /i. The ibaraitaadds: bAndthis bisthe ihalakhaonly bwherethat field bis calledby people ba ibeit kor /i. /b,The ibaraitacontinues: Similarly, if he said: bI am selling you a vineyard,then balthough it does not have vines,once he purchases the land bit has come to him, asthe seller bsold himthe field bonlyby bthe name; andthis bisthe ihalakhaonly bwhere it is called a vineyard.Likewise, if he said: bI am selling you an orchard,then beven though it does not have pomegranates,once he purchases the land bit has come to him, as he sold him onlyby bthe name; andagain this bisthe case only bwhere it is called an orchard. Apparently,the seller can bsay to him: I told you only the name. So toohere, bletthe seller bsay to him: I told you only the name. /b, bShmuel said:It is bnot difficult; this ibaraitais comparable to a case bwhere the owner of the land said to the tet farmerwhat he was leasing him, while in bthatmishna bthe tet farmer said to the owner of the landwhat he was leasing from him. The reason for the difference is that if bthe owner of the land saidthe terms bto the tet farmer,then he can claim that bhe told him only the name,and the tet farmer cannot object. But if bthe tet farmer saidthe terms bto the owner of the land,then he was clearly bparticularto receive a field that would be irrigated when he cultivated it., bRavina said:Both bthis ibaraita band thatmishna are referring to a case bwhere the owner of the land told the tet farmerwhat he was leasing him, as implied by the mishna, but bsincethe owner bsaid: Thisirrigated field, bby inference we are dealing withone bwho is standing inside it. Why,then, bdoesthe owner bneed to statethe fact that it is ban irrigated field?It is obvious simply from looking at it that it is irrigated. Rather, the owner must have bsaid to himby way of emphasis that he is providing ban irrigatedfield bas it currently stands. /b, strongMISHNA: /strong With regard to bone who receives a field from anotheras a contractor bandthen blets it lie fallowand does not work the land at all, the court bappraises itby evaluating bhow much it was able to produceif cultivated, band he giveshis share of this amount btothe owner. The reason is bthat thisis what a cultivator bwrites tothe owner in a standard contract: bIf I letthe field blie fallow and do not cultivateit, bI will pay with best /b-quality produce., strongGEMARA: /strong bRabbi Meir would expound common languageused in legal documents written by ordinary Jews to deduce halakhic conclusions. Although these formulations were not prescribed by the Sages, one can nevertheless infer ihalakhotfrom them if they are used in legal documents. bAs it is taughtin a ibaraitathat presents a similar case to the mishna: bRabbi Meir sayshe is liable to pay, as the document states: bIf I letthe field blie fallow and do not cultivateit, bI will pay with best /b-quality produce.,Likewise, bRabbi Yehuda wouldalso bexpound common language, as it is taughtin a ibaraita /i: bRabbi Yehuda says:In a case where a woman who has given birth is commanded to bring the offering of a childbearing woman and her husband is sufficiently wealthy, ba person brings the offering of the rich on behalf of his wife.This is so even if his wife does not possess money of her own and perhaps should have been considered poor. bSimilarly,he may bring bevery offering that she is obligatedto bring, such as a sin offering or guilt offering. He pays for all these offerings bbecause thisis what bhe writes to herin her marriage contract: I accept bupon myselfto repay you for all bobligations that you have,even those bfrom beforehand.Consequently, he must fund all of her offerings.,Similarly, bHillel the Elder would expound common languageas well, bas it is taughtin a ibaraita /i: bThe inhabitants of Alexandria would betroth their wivesa significant amount of time before the wedding, as was customary in those days, band at the time of their entry to the wedding canopy, otherswould bcome and snatchthe women bfrom theirhusbands. bThe Sagesconsequently bsought to establish the childrenof these women as imamzerim /i.This is because with regard to sexual intercourse with other men, a betrothed woman has the status of a married woman. Consequently, if she is taken by another man, her children fathered by that man are imamzerim /i, just like children of a married woman who were fathered by a man other than her husband., bHillel the Elder said tothe children who came before him for a ruling on their status: bBring me your mother’s marriage contractfor examination. bThey brought him their mother’s marriage contract, and he found thatthe following formulation bwas written in it: When you will enter the wedding canopy, be for me a wife.This shows that the marriage would not take effect at the time of her betrothal, but only after she would enter the wedding canopy. Consequently, the marriage did not occur at all, as she never entered the wedding canopy, bandtherefore these women bdid not cause their childrento be imamzerim /iby engaging in intercourse with the other man.,The Gemara adds: bRabbi Yehoshua ben Korḥa wouldalso bexpound common language. As it is taughtin a ibaraita /i: bRabbi Yehoshua ben Korḥa says:One bwho lendsmoney to banother may not take more collateral from him thanthe value of bhis debt, as thisis what the debtor bwrites tothe creditor if the creditor temporarily returns a deposit for the debtor’s use: bThe paymentto bwhich you havea right, which it is bupon meto pay, bcorresponds to the entirevalue of bthisitem, indicating that the item cannot be greater in value than the debt itself.,The Gemara infers: bThe reasonthe creditor acquires the collateral is bthat he wrote this to him. But ifthe creditor bdid not write this tothe debtor, would the creditor bnot acquirethe collateral? bBut doesn’t Rabbi Yoḥa say:If a creditor btook collateralfrom the debtor band returned the collateral to him andthen the debtor bdied,the creditor bremovesthe collateral bfromthe debtor’s bchildren.The reason for this is that although movable property of orphans is not acquired by their father’s creditor, the collateral is considered to belong to the creditor, and he can collect the debt from it.
10. Babylonian Talmud, Ketuvot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

11. Justinian, Codex Justinianus, 4.29.6, 5.46.2, 5.51.9 (5th cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

12. Justinian, Digest, 4.2.13, 18.1.1, 48.7.7 (5th cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

13. Justinian, Digesta, 4.2.13, 48.7.7 (6th cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

14. Papyri, P.Dura, 26, 25

15. Papyri, P.Hever, None

16. Papyri, P.Murabba'T, 19

17. Papyri, P.Oxy., 6.905

18. Papyri, P.Tebt., 3.815

19. Papyri, P.Yadin, 11-20, 22-28, 3, 34-35, 37, 5, 7, 10



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 63
actio, empti Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 103, 108, 112
actio, ex stipulatu Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 108
actio, tutelae Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
actio, venditi Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 108, 112
administration, imperial Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110
administration, provincial Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110, 113
aequitas Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 63
akiva, rabbi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 45, 63, 68, 71
alimentation Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 56, 64
antichresis, nexum Verhagen, Security and Credit in Roman Law: The Historical Evolution of Pignus and Hypotheca (2022) 259
antichresis, origin Verhagen, Security and Credit in Roman Law: The Historical Evolution of Pignus and Hypotheca (2022) 259
antichresis Verhagen, Security and Credit in Roman Law: The Historical Evolution of Pignus and Hypotheca (2022) 259
apollo Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 120
arabia Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92, 98; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 46, 48, 119, 121, 194
aramaic Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 13, 16, 45, 46, 119
augustus Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 47
babatha Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 120; Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 5, 60, 63, 92, 98, 101, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150, 156, 161, 171; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 45, 46, 47, 48, 52, 54, 56, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67
bar kokhba Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 5, 60, 98, 145, 201; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 45, 46, 48, 63, 68, 71
ber(e)nicianus Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98
besas Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92, 98, 101
bona fides Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
cave Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 63
constitutio antoniniana Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58
contracts Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 120
crispina Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98, 101
date-picker Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 54
dating forms Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 120
dead sea Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98
dead sea and area, byzantine period Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
dead sea and area Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
dead sea and the essenes Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
decree Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 67
deposit Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 120; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14, 194
devarim Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 194
diocletian Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
disputes Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
divorce Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 120; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14, 71
dodge Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 65, 66, 67
dotis dictio Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 194
dowry Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 103, 110, 111; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 45, 48, 54, 56, 63, 64, 67, 194
dryton Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92
egypt Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 4, 5, 101, 145, 146, 148, 156; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 52, 53, 54, 66, 67
ein gedi Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98
eleazar Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98, 101
elephantine Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 201
emperor Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 67
emptio, rei speratae Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 103, 104, 111, 112
emptio, spei Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 103, 104, 112
emptio, venditio Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 105, 107, 109, 110
en-gedi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 13, 47
en gedi Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
estate Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 45
formulae Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
genius Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16
gentile courts Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16, 71
germanos Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92, 101; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 47, 54
gift Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 13, 47
greek law Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 66
greenfield, jonas Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 14
guarantee Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 105, 106, 110, 111
guarantor Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110
guardian/guardianship Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 8, 16
guardianship Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58, 101, 103, 107, 111
hadad Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 201
hadrian Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 47, 66
halakhah Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 71
hands Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 56
hebrew Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 16, 45, 46, 53, 63, 119, 194
hellenism/hellenistic Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 66
herod agrippa Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98
hillel Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 156
house of hillel Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 63
interdictum, unde vi Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 103
jerusalem Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 5; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 45, 46, 48, 119
jesus Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 63, 92, 98, 101
jesus son of jesus Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6
jewish law Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 13, 14, 16, 54, 65, 66, 67
jewish revolts against romans (66-73 ce) Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
jews Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101, 110, 113
john Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 201
joseph Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 4
judaea Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98
judaean desert Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 5, 201; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16, 45, 46, 47, 52, 53, 54, 71
judah Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 63, 92, 98, 101, 171
judah cimber Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 66
judah son of eleazar khthousion Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 13, 14, 16, 47, 48, 56, 66, 67
judges Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
julia crispina Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92, 98, 101
julian (jurist) Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 66, 67
jurisdiction Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58
justinian Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 112
ketubbah Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 48, 56, 63, 64
khthousion Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 63, 98, 101
komaise Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 60
land of israel Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16, 45, 52, 64, 194
landed property Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 56, 64
language, aramaic Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 107
language, greek Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
latin Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 48, 194
law, jewish Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101, 105, 107, 111
lease Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 112
lewis, naphtali Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 13, 14
librarius Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 47
lien Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 56
litigation Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14
loan Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 14, 56, 194
loans Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 103
mahoza Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 8, 14, 48
maoza Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92, 98
marcus aurelius Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 67
marriage Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58, 103; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 8, 13, 14, 48, 56, 66, 194
maximinian Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
mazraa Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
meir, rabbi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 56, 64
messiah Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 68
military Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110
miriam Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 14
mohar Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 48
monogamy Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14
movables Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13, 56, 63, 64
nabataean Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 46, 48, 67, 119
nahal hever Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 60; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16, 46
naveh, joseph Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14
nexum Verhagen, Security and Credit in Roman Law: The Historical Evolution of Pignus and Hypotheca (2022) 259
ohair, robin murray Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16
orchards Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 48, 52, 56, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67
orphan Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 14
oxyrhynchus Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 53
palestine Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 63
papyrus Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14, 48, 64, 121
pathyris Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92
patria potestas Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58
penalties Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 105, 106, 109, 110, 112
personality principle Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58
petra Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 8
philip the arab Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
polygamy Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14
possession Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 103, 105, 108, 110, 111
power Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 47, 66
praetors Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 108
priests Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 120
proculan school Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 108, 112
procurator Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110
proix Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 48
prosphora Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 48
provincia arabia Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 121
provincial governor Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 8
r. meir Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 156
r. yehudah hanasi Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 154
rabbinic literature Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 107
rabbis Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14, 45, 46, 47, 68
rekem Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16
right Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 53, 54, 64, 66
roman law Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 13, 16, 53, 66, 67
rome Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 60; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 46
sabbath Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 46, 121
sabinian school Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 108, 112
sale Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 112, 120
salome Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 60; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 14, 16
saturday Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 121
scribes, offices Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110
scribes, practices Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58, 107, 109, 110, 112, 113
scribes Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110
seleucus nicator Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 120
severus, alexander Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 101
shelamzion Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 8, 13, 66
sheshet, rav Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 64
simon Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 63, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150, 156, 161
simon son of menahem Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6
slaves Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 104, 108
stipulatio Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58, 101, 106, 107, 108, 109, 112, 120; Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16, 194
succession Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 102
support of children Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13
tablets Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 120
tarfon, rabbi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 63, 71
tax Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 58
temple, the, destruction of (66 ce) Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
thebes Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 92
tuesday Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 121
ulpian Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 66, 67
universal Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 54
vi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 66, 67
villages Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 110
violence Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 103
wasserstein, adi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 13
water Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 63
widow Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6, 8, 13, 56, 63, 64, 66
witness Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 107, 111
yadin, yigael Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 6
yehudah (bar ilai), rabbi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 63
yosef, rav Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 64
yossi, rabbi Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 56
zeus Czajkowski et al., Law in the Roman Provinces (2020) 120
zoar Katzoff, Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (2005) 98
zoara (of arabia)' Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 243
κατέχειν Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 63
τύχη Katzoff, On Jews in the Roman World: Collected Studies (2019) 16