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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



8590
Ovid, Metamorphoses, 15.745-15.879


Hic tamen accessit delubris advena nostris:and, failing, feigned that I had wished to do


Caesar in urbe sua deus est; quem Marte togaquewhat she herself had wished. Perverting truth—


praecipuum non bella magis finita triumphiseither through fear of some discovery


resque domi gestae properataque gloria rerumor else through spite at her deserved repulse—


in sidus vertere novum stellamque comantemhe charged me with attempting the foul crime.
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ullum maius opus, quam quod pater exstitit huius:my father banished me and, while I wa


scilicet aequoreos plus est domuisse Britannosdeparting, laid on me a mortal curse.


perque papyriferi septemflua flumina NiliTowards Pittheus and Troezen I fled aghast


victrices egisse rates Numidasque rebellesguiding the swift chariot near the shore


Cinyphiumque Iubam Mithridateisque tumentemof the Corinthian Gulf, when all at once


nominibus Pontum populo adiecisse Quirinithe sea rose up and seemed to arch itself


et multos meruisse, aliquos egisse triumphosand lift high as a white topped mountain height


quam tantum genuisse virum? Quo praeside rerummake bellowings, and open at the crest.


humano generi, superi, favistis abunde!Then through the parting waves a horned bull


Ne foret hic igitur mortali semine cretusemerged with head and breast into the wind


ille deus faciendus erat. Quod ut aurea viditpouting white foam from his nostrils and his mouth.


Aeneae genetrix, vidit quoque triste parari“The hearts of my attendants quailed with fear


pontifici letum et coniurata arma moveriyet I unfrightened thought but of my exile.


palluit et cunctis, ut cuique erat obvia, divisThen my fierce horses turned their necks to face


“adspice” dicebat, “quanta mihi mole parenturthe waters, and with ears erect they quaked


insidiae quantaque caput cum fraude petaturbefore the monster shape, they dashed in flight


quod de Dardanio solum mihi restat Iulo.along the rock strewn ground below the cliff.


Solane semper ero iustis exercita curisI struggled, but with unavailing hand


quam modo Tydidae Calydonia vulneret hastato use the reins now covered with white foam;


nunc male defensae confundant moenia Troiaeand throwing myself back, pulled on the thong


quae videam natum longis erroribus actumwith weight and strength. Such effort might have checked


iactarique freto sedesque intrare silentumthe madness of my steeds, had not a wheel


bellaque cum Turno gerere, aut, si vera fatemurtriking the hub on a projecting stump


cum Iunone magis? Quid nunc antiqua recordorbeen shattered and hurled in fragments from the axle.
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non sinit: en acui sceleratos cernitis enses?and with the reins entwined about my legs.


Quos prohibete, precor, facinusque repellite, neveMy palpitating entrails could be seen


caede sacerdotis flammas exstinguite Vestae!”dragged on, my sinews fastened on a stump.


Talia nequiquam toto Venus anxia caeloMy torn legs followed, but a part


verba iacit superosque movet, qui rumpere quamquamremained behind me, caught by various snags.


ferrea non possunt veterum decreta sororumThe breaking bones gave out a crackling noise


signa tamen luctus dant haud incerta futuri.my tortured spirit soon had fled away


Arma ferunt inter nigras crepitantia nubesno part of the torn body could be known—


terribilesque tubas auditaque cornua caeloall that was left was only one crushed wound—


praemonuisse nefas; solis quoque tristis imagohow can, how dare you, nymph, compare your ill


lurida sollicitis praebebat lumina terris.to my disaster?
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saepe inter nimbos guttae cecidere cruentae.deprived of light: and I have bathed my flesh


Caerulus et vultum ferrugine Lucifer atrao tortured, in the waves of Phlegethon.


sparsus erat, sparsi Lunares sanguine currus.Life could not have been given again to me


Tristia mille locis Stygius dedit omina bubobut through the remedies Apollo's son


mille locis lacrimavit ebur, cantusque ferunturapplied to me. After my life returned—


auditi sanctis et verba minantia lucis.by potent herbs and the Paeonian aid


Victima nulla litat magnosque instare tumultusdespite the will of Pluto—Cynthia then


fibra monet, caesumque caput reperitur in extis.threw heavy clouds around that I might not


Inque foro circumque domos et templa deorumbe seen and cause men envy by new life:


nocturnos ululasse canes umbrasque silentumand that she might be sure my life was safe


erravisse ferunt motamque tremoribus urbem.he made me seem an old man; and she changed


Non tamen insidias venturaque vincere fatame so that I could not be recognized.
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in templum gladii; neque enim locus ullus in urbewould give me Crete or Delos for my home.


ad facinus diramque placet nisi curia, caedem.Delos and Crete abandoned, she then brought


Tum vero Cytherea manu percussit utraqueme here, and at the same time ordered me


pectus et Aeneaden molitur condere nubeto lay aside my former name—one which


qua prius infesto Paris est ereptus Atridaewhen mentioned would remind me of my steeds.


et Diomedeos Aeneas fugerat enses.She said to me, ‘You were Hippolytus


Talibus hanc genitor: “Sola insuperabile fatumbut now instead you shall be Virbius.’


nata, movere paras? Intres licet ipsa sororumAnd from that time I have inhabited


tecta trium: cernes illic molimine vastothis grove; and, as one of the lesser gods


ex aere et solido rerum tabularia ferroI live concealed and numbered in her train.”
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nec metuunt ullas tuta atque aeterna ruinas.of sad Egeria, and she laid herself


Invenies illic incisa adamante perennidown at a mountain's foot, dissolved in tears


fata tui generis: legi ipse animoque notavitill moved by pity for her faithful sorrow


et referam, ne sis etiamnum ignara futuri.Diana changed her body to a spring


Hic sua complevit, pro quo, Cytherea, laborasher limbs into a clear continual stream.


tempora, perfectis, quos terrae debuit, annis.This wonderful event surprised the nymphs


Ut deus accedat caelo templisque colaturand filled Hippolytus with wonder, just


tu facies natusque suus, qui nominis heresas great as when the Etrurian ploughman saw


impositum feret unus onus caesique parentisa fate-revealing clod move of its own


nos in bella suos fortissimus ultor habebit.accord among the fields, while not a hand


Illius auspiciis obsessae moenia pacemwas touching it, till finally it took


victa petent Mutinae, Pharsalia sentiet illum.a human form, without the quality


Emathiique iterum madefient caede Philippiof clodded earth, and opened its new mouth


et magnum Siculis nomen superabitur undisand spoke, revealing future destinies.


Romanique ducis coniunx Aegyptia taedaeThe natives called him Tages. He was the first


non bene fisa cadet, frustraque erit illa minatawho taught Etrurians to foretell events.
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Quid tibi barbariem, gentesque ab utroque iacenteswhen he observed the spear, which once had grown


oceano numerem? Quodcumque habitabile tellushigh on the Palatine , put out new leave


sustinet, huius erit: pontus quoque serviet illi!and stand with roots—not with the iron point


Pace data terris animum ad civilia vertetwhich he had driven in. Not as a spear


iura suum legesque feret iustissimus auctorit then stood there, but as a rooted tree


exemploque suo mores reget inque futuriwith limber twigs for many to admire


temporis aetatem venturorumque nepotumwhile resting under that surprising shade.
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ferre simul nomenque suum curasque iubebitin the clear stream (he truly saw them there).


nec nisi cum senior Pylios aequaverit annosBelieving he had seen a falsity


aetherias sedes cognataque sidera tanget.he often touched his forehead with his hand


Hanc animam interea caeso de corpore raptamand, so returning, touched the thing he saw.


fac iubar, ut semper Capitolia nostra forumqueAssured at last that he could trust his eyes


divus ab excelsa prospectet Iulius aede.”he stood entranced, as if he had returned


Vix ea fatus erat, media cum sede senatusvictorious from the conquest of his foes:


constitit alma Venus, nulli cernenda, suiqueand, raising eyes and hands toward heaven, he cried


Caesaris eripuit membris neque in aera solvi“You gods above! Whatever is foretold


passa recentem animam caelestibus intulit astris.by this great prodigy, if it means good


Dumque tulit, lumen capere atque ignescere sensitthen let it be auspicious to my land


emisitque sinu: luna volat altius illaand to the inhabitants of Quirinus,—


flammiferumque trahens spatioso limite crinemif ill, let that misfortune fall on me.”
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esse suis maiora et vinci gaudet ab illo.of grassy thick green turf, with fragrant fires


Hic sua praeferri quamquam vetat acta paternispresenting wine in bowls. And he took note


libera fama tamen nullisque obnoxia iussisof panting entrails from new-slaughtered sheep


invitum praefert unaque in parte repugnat:to learn the meaning of the event for him.
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Aegea sic Theseus, sic Pelea vicit Achilles;he found the evidence of great events


denique, ut exemplis ipsos aequantibus utaras yet obscure, and, when he raised keen eye


sic et Saturnus minor est Iove: Iuppiter arcesup from the entrails to the horns of Cippus


temperat aetherias et mundi regna triformis“O king, all hail!” he cried, “For in future time


terra sub Augusto est; pater est et rector uterque.this country and the Latin towers will live


Di, precor, Aeneae comites, quibus ensis et ignisin homage to you, Cippus, and your horns.


cesserunt, dique Indigetes genitorque QuirineBut you must promptly put aside delay;


urbis et invicti genitor Gradive Quirinihasten to enter the wide open gates—


Vestaque Caesareos inter sacrata penatesthe fates command you. Once received within


et cum Caesarea tu, Phoebe domestice, Vestathe city, you shall be its chosen king


quique tenes altus Tarpeias Iuppiter arcesand safely shall enjoy a lasting reign.”
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tarda sit illa dies et nostro serior aevoeyes from the city's walls and said, “O far


qua caput Augustum, quem temperat, orbe relictoO far away, the righteous gods should drive


accedat caelo faveatque precantibus absens!uch omens from me! Better it would be


Iamque opus exegi, quod nec Iovis ira nec ignisthat I should pass my life in exile than


nec poterit ferrum nec edax abolere vetustas.be seen a king throned in the capitol.”
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ius habet, incerti spatium mihi finiat aevi:the people and the grave and honored Senate.


parte tamen meliore mei super alta perennisBut first he veiled his horns with laurel, which


astra ferar, nomenque erit indelebile nostrumbetokens peace. Then, standing on a mound


quaque patet domitis Romana potentia terrisraised by the valiant troops, he made a prayer


ore legar populi, perque omnia saecula famaafter the ancient mode, and then he said


siquid habent veri vatum praesagia, vivam.“There is one here who will be king, if you


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

25 results
1. Cicero, On Divination, 1.101 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.101. Saepe etiam et in proeliis Fauni auditi et in rebus turbidis veridicae voces ex occulto missae esse dicuntur; cuius generis duo sint ex multis exempla, sed maxuma: Nam non multo ante urbem captam exaudita vox est a luco Vestae, qui a Palatii radice in novam viam devexus est, ut muri et portae reficerentur; futurum esse, nisi provisum esset, ut Roma caperetur. Quod neglectum tum, cum caveri poterat, post acceptam illam maximam cladem expiatum est; ara enim Aio Loquenti, quam saeptam videmus, exadversus eum locum consecrata est. Atque etiam scriptum a multis est, cum terrae motus factus esset, ut sue plena procuratio fieret, vocem ab aede Iunonis ex arce extitisse; quocirca Iunonem illam appellatam Monetam. Haec igitur et a dis significata et a nostris maioribus iudicata contemnimus? 1.101. Again, we are told that fauns have often been heard in battle and that during turbulent times truly prophetic messages have been sent from mysterious places. Out of many instances of this class I shall give only two, but they are very striking. Not long before the capture of the city by the Gauls, a voice, issuing from Vestas sacred grove, which slopes from the foot of the Palatine Hill to New Road, was heard to say, the walls and gates must be repaired; unless this is done the city will be taken. Neglect of this warning, while it was possible to heed it, was atoned for after the supreme disaster had occurred; for, adjoining the grove, an altar, which is now to be seen enclosed with a hedge, was dedicated to Aius the Speaker. The other illustration has been reported by many writers. At the time of the earthquake a voice came from Junos temple on the citadel commanding that an expiatory sacrifice be made of a pregt sow. From this fact the goddess was called Juno the Adviser. Are we, then, lightly to regard these warnings which the gods have sent and our forefathers adjudged to be trustworthy?
2. Cicero, Pro Marcello, 28 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 1.50 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.50. 1.  The Thebans say that they are the earliest of all men and the first people among whom philosophy and the exact science of the stars were discovered, since their country enables them to observe more distinctly than others the rising and settings of the stars.,2.  Peculiar to them also is their ordering of the months and years. For they do not reckon the days by the moon, but by the sun, making their month of thirty days, and they add five and a quarter days to the twelve months and in this way fill out the cycle of the year. But they do not intercalate months or subtract days, as most of the Greeks do. They appear to have made careful observations of the eclipses both of the sun and of the moon, and predict them, foretelling without error all the events which actually occur.,3.  of the descendants of this king, the eighth, known as Uchoreus, founded Memphis, the most renowned city of Egypt. For he chose the most favourable spot in all the land, where the Nile divides into several branches to form the "Delta," as it is called from its shape; and the result was that the city, excellently situated as it was at the gates of the Delta, continually controlled the commerce passing into upper Egypt.,4.  Now he gave the city a circumference of one hundred and fifty stades, and made it remarkably strong and adapted to its purpose by works of the following nature.,5.  Since the Nile flowed around the city and covered it at the time of inundation, he threw out a huge mound of earth on the south to serve as a barrier against the swelling of the river and also as a citadel against the attacks of enemies by land; and all around the other sides he dug a large and deep lake, which, by taking up the force of the river and occupying all the space about the city except where the mound had been thrown up, gave it remarkable strength.,6.  And so happily did the founder of the city reckon upon the suitableness of the site that practically all subsequent kings left Thebes and established both their palaces and official residences here. Consequently from this time Thebes began to wane and Memphis to increase, until the time of Alexander the king; for after he had founded the city on the sea which bears his name, all the kings of Egypt after him concentrated their interest on the development of it.,7.  Some adorned it with magnificent palaces, some with docks and harbours, and others with further notable dedications and buildings, to such an extent that it is generally reckoned the first or second city of the inhabited world. But a detailed description of this city we shall set forth in the appropriate period.
4. Horace, Odes, 3.30 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5. Julius Caesar, De Bello Civli, 1.54 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Julius Caesar, De Bello Gallico, 3.14 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Ovid, Amores, 1.2, 1.15, 2.12 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1.437, 1.578, 3.253, 3.254, 3.255, 5.313, 6.445, 6.446, 6.667, 10.668, 10.669, 10.670, 10.671, 10.672, 10.673, 10.674, 13.623-14.608, 14.581, 14.582, 14.583, 14.584, 14.585, 14.586, 14.587, 14.588, 14.589, 14.590, 14.591, 14.592, 14.593, 14.594, 14.595, 14.596, 14.597, 14.598, 14.599, 14.600, 14.601, 14.602, 14.603, 14.604, 14.605, 14.606, 14.607, 14.608, 14.805, 14.806, 14.807, 14.808, 14.809, 14.810, 14.811, 14.812, 14.813, 14.814, 14.815, 14.816, 14.817, 14.818, 14.819, 14.820, 14.821, 14.822, 14.823, 14.824, 14.825, 14.826, 14.827, 14.828, 15.12, 15.13, 15.14, 15.15, 15.16, 15.17, 15.18, 15.19, 15.20, 15.21, 15.22, 15.23, 15.24, 15.25, 15.26, 15.27, 15.28, 15.29, 15.30, 15.31, 15.32, 15.33, 15.34, 15.35, 15.36, 15.37, 15.38, 15.39, 15.40, 15.41, 15.42, 15.43, 15.44, 15.45, 15.46, 15.47, 15.48, 15.49, 15.50, 15.51, 15.52, 15.53, 15.54, 15.55, 15.56, 15.57, 15.165, 15.487, 15.488, 15.489, 15.490, 15.491, 15.492, 15.493, 15.494, 15.495, 15.496, 15.497, 15.498, 15.499, 15.500, 15.501, 15.502, 15.503, 15.504, 15.505, 15.506, 15.507, 15.508, 15.509, 15.510, 15.511, 15.512, 15.513, 15.514, 15.515, 15.516, 15.517, 15.518, 15.519, 15.520, 15.521, 15.522, 15.523, 15.524, 15.525, 15.526, 15.527, 15.528, 15.529, 15.530, 15.531, 15.532, 15.533, 15.534, 15.535, 15.536, 15.537, 15.538, 15.539, 15.540, 15.541, 15.542, 15.543, 15.544, 15.545, 15.546, 15.622, 15.623, 15.624, 15.625, 15.626, 15.627, 15.628, 15.629, 15.630, 15.631, 15.632, 15.633, 15.634, 15.635, 15.636, 15.637, 15.638, 15.639, 15.640, 15.641, 15.642, 15.643, 15.644, 15.645, 15.646, 15.647, 15.648, 15.649, 15.650, 15.651, 15.652, 15.653, 15.654, 15.655, 15.656, 15.657, 15.658, 15.659, 15.660, 15.661, 15.662, 15.663, 15.664, 15.665, 15.666, 15.667, 15.668, 15.669, 15.670, 15.671, 15.672, 15.673, 15.674, 15.675, 15.676, 15.677, 15.678, 15.679, 15.680, 15.681, 15.682, 15.683, 15.684, 15.685, 15.686, 15.687, 15.688, 15.689, 15.690, 15.691, 15.692, 15.693, 15.694, 15.695, 15.696, 15.697, 15.698, 15.699, 15.700, 15.701, 15.702, 15.703, 15.704, 15.705, 15.706, 15.707, 15.708, 15.709, 15.710, 15.711, 15.712, 15.713, 15.714, 15.715, 15.716, 15.717, 15.718, 15.719, 15.720, 15.721, 15.722, 15.723, 15.724, 15.725, 15.726, 15.727, 15.728, 15.729, 15.730, 15.731, 15.732, 15.733, 15.734, 15.735, 15.736, 15.737, 15.738, 15.739, 15.740, 15.741, 15.742, 15.743, 15.744, 15.746, 15.747, 15.748, 15.749, 15.750, 15.751, 15.752, 15.753, 15.754, 15.755, 15.756, 15.757, 15.758, 15.759, 15.760, 15.761, 15.762, 15.763, 15.764, 15.765, 15.766, 15.767, 15.768, 15.769, 15.770, 15.771, 15.772, 15.773, 15.774, 15.775, 15.776, 15.777, 15.778, 15.779, 15.780, 15.781, 15.782, 15.783, 15.784, 15.785, 15.786, 15.787, 15.788, 15.789, 15.790, 15.791, 15.792, 15.793, 15.794, 15.795, 15.796, 15.797, 15.798, 15.799, 15.800, 15.801, 15.802, 15.803, 15.804, 15.805, 15.806, 15.807, 15.808, 15.809, 15.810, 15.811, 15.812, 15.813, 15.814, 15.815, 15.816, 15.817, 15.818, 15.819, 15.820, 15.821, 15.822, 15.823, 15.824, 15.825, 15.826, 15.827, 15.828, 15.829, 15.830, 15.831, 15.832, 15.833, 15.834, 15.835, 15.836, 15.837, 15.838, 15.839, 15.840, 15.841, 15.842, 15.843, 15.844, 15.845, 15.846, 15.847, 15.848, 15.849, 15.850, 15.851, 15.852, 15.853, 15.854, 15.855, 15.856, 15.857, 15.858, 15.859, 15.860, 15.861, 15.862, 15.863, 15.864, 15.865, 15.866, 15.867, 15.868, 15.869, 15.870, 15.871, 15.872, 15.873, 15.874, 15.875, 15.876, 15.877, 15.878, 15.879 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Propertius, Elegies, 3.11.30-3.11.51, 3.11.53, 3.11.55 (1st cent. BCE

10. Strabo, Geography, 17.1.6, 17.1.10-17.1.13, 17.1.17 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

17.1.6. As Alexandreia and its neighbourhood occupy the greatest and principal portion of the description, I shall begin with it.In sailing towards the west, the sea-coast from Pelusium to the Canobic mouth of the Nile is about 1300 stadia in extent, and constitutes, as we have said, the base of the Delta. Thence to the island Pharos are 150 stadia more.Pharos is a small oblong island, and lies quite close to the continent, forming towards it a harbour with a double entrance. For the coast abounds with bays, and has two promontories projecting into the sea. The island is situated between these, and shuts in the bay, lying lengthways in front of it.of the extremities of the Pharos, the eastern is nearest to the continent and to the promontory in that direction, called Lochias, which is the cause of the entrance to the port being narrow. Besides the narrowness of the passage, there are rocks, some under water, others rising above it, which at all times increase the violence of the waves rolling in upon them from the open sea. This extremity itself of the island is a rock, washed by the sea on all sides, with a tower upon it of the same name as the island, admirably constructed of white marble, with several stories. Sostratus of Cnidus, a friend of the kings, erected it for the safety of mariners, as the inscription imports. For as the coast on each side is low and without harbours, with reefs and shallows, an elevated and conspicuous mark was required to enable navigators coming in from the open sea to direct their course exactly to the entrance of the harbour.The western mouth does not afford an easy entrance, but it does not require the same degree of caution as the other. It forms also another port, which has the name of Eunostus, or Happy Return: it lies in front of the artificial and close harbour. That which has its entrance at the above-mentioned tower of Pharos is the great harbour. These (two) lie contiguous in the recess called Heptastadium, and are separated from it by a mound. This mound forms a bridge from the continent to the island, and extends along its western side, leaving two passages only through it to the harbour of Eunostus, which are bridged over. But this work served not only as a bridge, but as an aqueduct also, when the island was inhabited. Divus Caesar devastated the island, in his war against the people of Alexandreia, when they espoused the party of the kings. A few sailors live near the tower.The great harbour, in addition to its being well enclosed by the mound and by nature, is of sufficient depth near the shore to allow the largest vessel to anchor near the stairs. It is also divided into several ports.The former kings of Egypt, satisfied with what they possessed, and not desirous of foreign commerce, entertained a dislike to all mariners, especially the Greeks (who, on account of the poverty of their own country, ravaged and coveted the property of other nations), and stationed a guard here, who had orders to keep off all persons who approached. To the guard was assigned as a place of residence the spot called Rhacotis, which is now a part of the city of Alexandreia, situated above the arsenal. At that time, however, it was a village. The country about the village was given up to herdsmen, who were also able (from their numbers) to prevent strangers from entering the country.When Alexander arrived, and perceived the advantages of the situation, he determined to build the city on the (natural) harbour. The prosperity of the place, which ensued, was intimated, it is said, by a presage which occurred while the plan of the city was tracing. The architects were engaged in marking out the line of the wall with chalk, and had consumed it all, when the king arrived; upon which the dispensers of flour supplied the workmen with a part of the flour, which was provided for their own use; and this substance was used in tracing the greater part of the divisions of the streets. This, they said, was a good omen for the city. 17.1.10. Next after the Heptastadium is the harbour of Eunostus, and above this the artificial harbour, called Cibotus (or the Ark), which also has docks. At the bottom of this harbour is a navigable canal, extending to the lake Mareotis. Beyond the canal there still remains a small part of the city. Then follows the suburb Necropolis, in which are numerous gardens, burial-places, and buildings for carrying on the process of embalming the dead.On this side the canal is the Sarapium and other ancient sacred places, which are now abandoned on account of the erection of the temples at Nicopolis; for [there are situated] an amphitheatre and a stadium, and there are celebrated quinquennial games; but the ancient rites and customs are neglected.In short, the city of Alexandreia abounds with public and sacred buildings. The most beautiful of the former is the Gymnasium, with porticos exceeding a stadium in extent. In the middle of it are the court of justice and groves. Here also is a Paneium, an artificial mound of the shape of a fir-cone, resembling a pile of rock, to the top of which there is an ascent by a spiral path. From the summit may be seen the whole city lying all around and beneath it.The wide street extends in length along the Gymnasium from the Necropolis to the Canobic gate. Next is the Hippodromos (or race-course), as it is called, and other buildings near it, and reaching to the Canobic canal. After passing through the Hippodromos is the Nicopolis, which contains buildings fronting the sea not less numerous than a city. It is 30 stadia distant from Alexandreia. Augustus Caesar distinguished this place, because it was here that he defeated Antony and his party of adherents. He took the city at the first onset, and compelled Antony to put himself to death, but Cleopatra to surrender herself alive. A short time afterwards, however, she also put an end to her life secretly, in prison, by the bite of an asp, or (for there are two accounts) by the application of a poisonous ointment. Thus the empire of the Lagidae, which had subsisted many years, was dissolved. 17.1.11. Alexander was succeeded by Ptolemy the son of Lagus, the son of Lagus by Philadelphus, Philadelphus by Euergetes; next succeeded Philopator the lover of Agathocleia, then Epiphanes, afterwards Philometor, the son (thus far) always succeeding the father. But Philometor was succeeded by his brother, the second Euergetes, who was also called Physcon. He was succeeded by Ptolemy surnamed Lathurus, Lathurus by Auletes of our time, who was the father of Cleopatra. All these kings, after the third Ptolemy, were corrupted by luxury and effeminacy, and the affairs of government were very badly administered by them; but worst of all by the fourth, the seventh, and the last, Auletes (or the Piper), who, besides other deeds of shamelessness, acted the piper; indeed he gloried so much in the practice, that he scrupled not to appoint trials of skill in his palace; on which occasions he presented himself as a competitor with other rivals. He was deposed by the Alexandrines; and of his three daughters, one, the eldest, who was legitimate, they proclaimed queen; but his two sons, who were infants, were absolutely excluded from the succession.As a husband for the daughter established on the throne, the Alexandrines invited one Cybiosactes from Syria, who pretended to be descended from the Syrian kings. The queen after a few days, unable to endure his coarseness and vulgarity, rid herself of him by causing him to be strangled. She afterwards married Archelaus, who also pretended to be the son of Mithridates Eupator, but he was really the son of that Archelaus who carried on war against Sulla, and was afterwards honourably treated by the Romans. He was grandfather of the last king of Cappadocia in our time, and priest of Comana in Pontus. He was then (at the time we are speaking of) the guest of Gabinius, and intended to accompany him in an expedition against the Parthians, but unknown to Gabinius, he was conducted away by some (friends) to the queen, and declared king.At this time Pompey the Great entertained Auletes as his guest on his arrival at Rome, and recommended him to the senate, negotiated his return, and contrived the execution of most of the deputies, in number a hundred, who had undertaken to appear against him: at their head was Dion the academic philosopher.Ptolemy (Auletes) on being restored by Gabinius, put to death both Archelaus and his daughter; but not long after he was reinstated in his kingdom, he died a natural death, leaving two sons and two daughters, the eldest of whom was Cleopatra.The Alexandrines declared as sovereigns the eldest son and Cleopatra. But the adherents of the son excited a sedition, and banished Cleopatra, who retired with her sister into Syria.It was about this time that Pompey the Great, in his flight from Palaepharsalus, came to Pelusium and Mount Casium. He was treacherously slain by the king's party. When Caesar arrived, he put the young prince to death, and sending for Cleopatra from her place of exile, appointed her queen of Egypt, declaring also her surviving brother, who was very young, and herself joint sovereigns.After the death of Caesar and the battle at Pharsalia, Antony passed over into Asia; he raised Cleopatra to the highest dignity, made her his wife, and had children by her. He was present with her at the battle of Actium, and accompanied her in her flight. Augustus Caesar pursued them, put an end to their power, and rescued Egypt from misgovernment and revelry. 17.1.12. At present Egypt is a (Roman) province, pays considerable tribute, and is well governed by prudent persons, who are sent there in succession. The governor thus sent out has the rank of king. Subordinate to him is the administrator of justice, who is the supreme judge in many causes. There is another officer, who is called Idiologus, whose business it is to inquire into property for which there is no claimant, and which of right falls to Caesar. These are accompanied by Caesar's freedmen and stewards, who are entrusted with affairs of more or less importance.Three legions are stationed in Egypt, one in the city, the rest in the country. Besides these there are also nine Roman cohorts, three quartered in the city, three on the borders of Ethiopia in Syene, as a guard to that tract, and three in other parts of the country. There are also three bodies of cavalry distributed in convenient posts.of the native magistrates in the cities, the first is the expounder of the law, who is dressed in scarlet; he receives the customary honours of the country, and has the care of providing what is necessary for the city. The second is the writer of records, the third is the chief judge. The fourth is the commander of the night guard. These magistrates existed in the time of the kings, but in consequence of the bad administration of affairs by the latter, the prosperity of the city was ruined by licentiousness. Polybius expresses his indignation at the state of things when lie was there: he describes the inhabitants of the city to be composed of three classes; the (first) Egyptians and natives, acute but indifferent citizens, and meddling with civil affairs. Tile second, the mercenaries, a numerous and undisciplined body ; for it was an ancient custom to maintain foreign soldiers, who, from the worthlessness of their sovereigns, knew better how to govern than to obey. The third were the Alexandrines, who, for the same reason, were not orderly citizens; but still they were better than the mercenaries, for although they were a mixed race, yet being of Greek origin, they retained the customs common to the Greeks. But this class was extinct nearly about the time of Euergetes Physcon, in whose reign Polybius came to Alexandreia. For Physcon, being distressed by factions, frequently exposed the multitude to the attacks of the soldiery, and thus destroyed them. By such a state of things in the city the words of the poet (says Polybius) were verified: The way to Egypt is long and vexatious. 17.1.13. Such then, if not worse, was the condition of the city under the last kings. The Romans, as far as they were able, corrected, as I have said, many abuses, and established an orderly government, by appointing vice-governors, nomarchs, and ethnarchs, whose business it was to superintend affairs of minor importance.The greatest advantage which the city possesses arises from its being the only place in all Egypt well situated by nature for communication with the sea by its excellent harbour, and with the land by the river, by means of which everything is easily transported and collected together into this city, which is the greatest mart in the habitable world.These may be said to be the superior excellencies of the city. Cicero, in one of his orations, in speaking of the revenues of Egypt, states that an annual tribute of 12,000 talents was paid to Auletes, the father of Cleopatra. If then a king, who administered his government in the worst possible manner, and with the greatest negligence, obtained so large a revenue, what must we suppose it to be at present, when affairs are administered with great care, and when the commerce with India and with Troglodytica has been so greatly increased ? For formerly not even twenty vessels ventured to navigate the Arabian Gulf, or advance to the smallest distance beyond the straits at its mouth; but now large fleets are despatched as far as India and the extremities of Ethiopia, from which places the most valuable freights are brought to Egypt, and are thence exported to other parts, so that a double amount of custom is collected, arising from imports on the one hand, and from exports on the other. The most expensive description of goods is charged with the heaviest impost; for in fact Alexandreia has a monopoly of trade, and is almost the only receptacle for this kind of merchandise and place of supply for foreigners. The natural convenience of the situation is still more apparent to persons travelling through the country, and particularly along the coast which commences at the Catabathmus; for to this place Egypt extends.Next to it is Cyrenaea, and the neighboring barbarians, the Marmaridae. 17.1.17. Canobus is a city, distant by land from Alexandreia 120 stadia. It has its name from Canobus, the pilot of Menelaus, who died there. It contains the temple of Sarapis, held in great veneration, and celebrated for the cure of diseases; persons even of the highest rank confide in them, and sleep there themselves on their own account, or others for them. Some persons record the cures, and others the veracity of the oracles which are delivered there. But remarkable above everything else is the multitude of persons who resort to the public festivals, and come from Alexandreia by the canal. For day and night there are crowds of men and women in boats, singing and dancing, without restraint, and with the utmost licentiousness. Others, at Canobus itself, keep hostelries situated on the banks of the canal, which are well adapted for such kind of diversion and revelry.
11. Vergil, Aeneis, 1.289-1.290, 8.678-8.681 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.289. on seasoned wine and succulent haunch of game. 1.290. But hunger banished and the banquet done 8.678. cold, sluggish age, now barren and outworn 8.679. denies new kingdoms, and my slow-paced powers 8.680. run to brave deeds no more. Nor could I urge 8.681. my son, who by his Sabine mother's line
12. Vergil, Georgics, 3.1-3.48 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.1. Thee too, great Pales, will I hymn, and thee 3.2. Amphrysian shepherd, worthy to be sung 3.3. You, woods and waves Lycaean. All themes beside 3.4. Which else had charmed the vacant mind with song 3.5. Are now waxed common. of harsh Eurystheus who 3.6. The story knows not, or that praiseless king 3.7. Busiris, and his altars? or by whom 3.8. Hath not the tale been told of Hylas young 3.9. Latonian Delos and Hippodame 3.10. And Pelops for his ivory shoulder famed 3.11. Keen charioteer? Needs must a path be tried 3.12. By which I too may lift me from the dust 3.13. And float triumphant through the mouths of men. 3.14. Yea, I shall be the first, so life endure 3.15. To lead the Muses with me, as I pa 3.16. To mine own country from the Aonian height; 3.17. I, placeName key= 3.18. of Idumaea, and raise a marble shrine 3.19. On thy green plain fast by the water-side 3.20. Where Mincius winds more vast in lazy coils 3.21. And rims his margent with the tender reed. 3.22. Amid my shrine shall Caesar's godhead dwell. 3.23. To him will I, as victor, bravely dight 3.24. In Tyrian purple, drive along the bank 3.25. A hundred four-horse cars. All placeName key= 3.26. Leaving Alpheus and Molorchus' grove 3.27. On foot shall strive, or with the raw-hide glove; 3.28. Whilst I, my head with stripped green olive crowned 3.29. Will offer gifts. Even 'tis present joy 3.30. To lead the high processions to the fane 3.31. And view the victims felled; or how the scene 3.32. Sunders with shifted face, and placeName key= 3.33. Inwoven thereon with those proud curtains rise. 3.34. of gold and massive ivory on the door 3.35. I'll trace the battle of the Gangarides 3.36. And our Quirinus' conquering arms, and there 3.37. Surging with war, and hugely flowing, the placeName key= 3.38. And columns heaped on high with naval brass. 3.39. And placeName key= 3.40. And quelled Niphates, and the Parthian foe 3.41. Who trusts in flight and backward-volleying darts 3.42. And trophies torn with twice triumphant hand 3.43. From empires twain on ocean's either shore. 3.44. And breathing forms of Parian marble there 3.45. Shall stand, the offspring of Assaracus 3.46. And great names of the Jove-descended folk 3.47. And father Tros, and placeName key= 3.48. of Cynthus. And accursed Envy there
13. Lucan, Pharsalia, 1.1, 8.542-8.544, 9.1-9.18, 9.554-9.555, 9.566-9.584, 10.63, 10.66, 10.68-10.70 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 15.36-15.44 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15.36. You foolish one, that which you yourself sow is not made aliveunless it dies. 15.37. That which you sow, you don't sow the body thatwill be, but a bare grain, maybe of wheat, or of some other kind. 15.38. But God gives it a body even as it pleased him, and to eachseed a body of its own. 15.39. All flesh is not the same flesh, butthere is one flesh of men, another flesh of animals, another of fish,and another of birds. 15.40. There are also celestial bodies, andterrestrial bodies; but the glory of the celestial differs from that ofthe terrestrial. 15.41. There is one glory of the sun, another gloryof the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs fromanother star in glory. 15.42. So also is the resurrection of the dead.It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption. 15.43. It issown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it israised in power. 15.44. It is sown a natural body; it is raised aspiritual body. There is a natural body and there is also a spiritualbody.
15. Plutarch, Camillus, 6.1, 6.6 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6.1. After he had utterly sacked the city, he determined to transfer the image of Juno to Rome, in accordance with his vows. The workmen were assembled for the purpose, and Camillus was sacrificing and praying the goddess to accept of their zeal and to be a kindly co-dweller with the gods of Rome, when the image, they say, spoke in low tones and said she was ready and willing.
16. Plutarch, Romulus, 27.5, 28.2, 28.6-28.7 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

27.5. And yet Scipio’s dead body lay exposed for all to see, and all who beheld it formed therefrom some suspicion and conjecture of what had happened to it; whereas Romulus disappeared suddenly, and no portion of his body or fragment of his clothing remained to be seen. But some conjectured that the senators, convened in the temple of Vulcan, fell upon him and slew him, then cut his body in pieces, put each a portion into the folds of his robe, and so carried it away. 28.2. He himself, then, affrighted at the sight, had said: O King, what possessed thee, or what purpose hadst thou, that thou hast left us patricians a prey to unjust and wicked accusations, and the whole city sorrowing without end at the loss of its father? Whereupon Romulus had replied: It was the pleasure of the gods, 0 Proculus, from whom I came, that I should be with mankind only a short time, and that after founding a city destined to be the greatest on earth for empire and glory, I should dwell again in heaven. So farewell, and tell the Romans that if they practise self-restraint, and add to it valour, they will reach the utmost heights of human power. And I will be your propitious deity, Quirinus. 28.6. It is said also that the body of Alcmene disappeared, as they were carrying her forth for burial, and a stone was seen lying on the bier instead. In short, many such fables are told by writers who improbably ascribe divinity to the mortal features in human nature, as well as to the divine. At any rate, to reject entirely the divinity of human virtue, were impious and base; but to mix heaven with earth is foolish. Let us therefore take the safe course and grant, with Pindar, Fragment 131, Bergk, Poet. Lyr. Gr. i.4 p. 427. that Our bodies all must follow death’s supreme behest, But something living still survives, an image of life, for this alone Comes from the gods. 28.7. Yes, it comes from them, and to them it returns, not with its body, but only when it is most completely separated and set free from the body, and becomes altogether pure, fleshless, and undefiled. For a dry soul is best, according to Heracleitus, Fragment 74 (Bywater, Heracliti Ephesii reliquiae, p. 30). and it flies from the body as lightning flashes from a cloud. But the soul which is contaminated with body, and surfeited with body, like a damp and heavy exhalation, is slow to release itself and slow to rise towards its source.
17. Seneca The Younger, Apocolocyntosis, 9.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

18. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 51.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

19. Statius, Siluae, 2.7, 3.2.101-3.2.126 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

20. Tacitus, Annals, 1.2.1, 4.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.2.1.  When the killing of Brutus and Cassius had disarmed the Republic; when Pompey had been crushed in Sicily, and, with Lepidus thrown aside and Antony slain, even the Julian party was leaderless but for the Caesar; after laying down his triumviral title and proclaiming himself a simple consul content with tribunician authority to safeguard the commons, he first conciliated the army by gratuities, the populace by cheapened corn, the world by the amenities of peace, then step by step began to make his ascent and to unite in his own person the functions of the senate, the magistracy, and the legislature. Opposition there was none: the boldest spirits had succumbed on stricken fields or by proscription-lists; while the rest of the nobility found a cheerful acceptance of slavery the smoothest road to wealth and office, and, as they had thriven on revolution, stood now for the new order and safety in preference to the old order and adventure. Nor was the state of affairs unpopular in the provinces, where administration by the Senate and People had been discredited by the feuds of the magnates and the greed of the officials, against which there was but frail protection in a legal system for ever deranged by force, by favouritism, or (in the last resort) by gold. 4.1.  The consulate of Gaius Asinius and Gaius Antistius was to Tiberius the ninth year of public order and of domestic felicity (for he counted the death of Germanicus among his blessings), when suddenly fortune disturbed the peace and he became either a tyrant himself or the source of power to the tyrannous. The starting-point and the cause were to be found in Aelius Sejanus, prefect of the praetorian cohorts. of his influence I spoke above: now I shall unfold his origin, his character, and the crime by which he strove to seize on empire. Born at Vulsinii to the Roman knight Seius Strabo, he became in early youth a follower of Gaius Caesar, grandson of the deified Augustus; not without a rumour that he had disposed of his virtue at a price to Apicius, a rich man and a prodigal. Before long, by his multifarious arts, he bound Tiberius fast: so much so that a man inscrutable to others became to Sejanus alone unguarded and unreserved; and the less by subtlety (in fact, he was beaten in the end by the selfsame arts) than by the anger of Heaven against that Roman realm for whose equal damnation he flourished and fell. He was a man hardy by constitution, fearless by temperament; skilled to conceal himself and to incriminate his neighbour; cringing at once and insolent; orderly and modest to outward view, at heart possessed by a towering ambition, which impelled him at whiles to lavishness and luxury, but oftener to industry and vigilance — qualities not less noxious when assumed for the winning of a throne.
21. Tacitus, Histories, 1.86 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.86.  Prodigies which were reported on various authorities also contributed to the general terror. It was said that in the vestibule of the Capitol the reins of the chariot in which Victory stood had fallen from the goddess's hands, that a superhuman form had rushed out of Juno's chapel, that a statue of the deified Julius on the island of the Tiber had turned from west to east on a bright calm day, that an ox had spoken in Etruria, that animals had given birth to strange young, and that many other things had happened which in barbarous ages used to be noticed even during peace, but which now are only heard of in seasons of terror. Yet the chief anxiety which was connected with both present disaster and future danger was caused by a sudden overflow of the Tiber which, swollen to a great height, broke down the wooden bridge and then was thrown back by the ruins of the bridge which dammed the stream, and overflowed not only the low-lying level parts of the city, but also parts which are normally free from such disasters. Many were swept away in the public streets, a larger number cut off in shops and in their beds. The common people were reduced to famine by lack of employment and failure of supplies. Apartment houses had their foundations undermined by the standing water and then collapsed when the flood withdrew. The moment people's minds were relieved of this danger, the very fact that when Otho was planning a military expedition, the Campus Martius and the Flaminian Way, over which he was to advance, were blocked against him was interpreted as a prodigy and an omen of impending disaster rather than as the result of chance or natural causes.
22. Valerius Flaccus Gaius, Argonautica, 2.640 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

23. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.12 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

24. Macrobius, Saturnalia, 3.9.12 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

25. Justinian, Digest, 1.8.9.2 (5th cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
(sea god) Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
achilles/akhilleus Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
actaeon Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
aeneas, shield of Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 80, 241
aeneas Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124; Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
aequimaelium, deification and catasterism as anguitenens Pasco-Pranger, Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (2006) 286
aequimaelium, in metamorphoses Pasco-Pranger, Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (2006) 286
agrippa Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 78
alexander the great, model for viri militares Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
alexandria, necropolis Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
ambiguity Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 80
anguitenens as catasterized esculapius Pasco-Pranger, Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (2006) 286
animals Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
anti-/pro-augustan readings Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80
apollo Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
apotheosis Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24; Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
arachne Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
arnobius Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
artemis Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
artists and gods Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 78
ascension Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
audiences, popular Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
audiences, power of Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 80, 241
augustus, and miracles Mueller, Roman Religion in Valerius Maximus (2002) 201
augustus/octavian, as author and builder Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 241
augustus/octavian, as collective construction Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76, 80, 241
augustus/octavian, as spin-master Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 75
augustus/octavian, power of Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80
augustus/octavian, relation with caesar Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80
augustus/octavian, relation with the gods Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81
augustus Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124; Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
augustus caesar Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
authorial intention Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 241
autocracy Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 241
bears Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
belatedness Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80
britain Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
caesar (caius iulius caesar), emulator of alexander Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
caesar (caius iulius caesar), master of rivers Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
callisto Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
catasterism Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
civil war Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
civil wars Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 80, 241
claudius Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
collaborative authorship Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76
consent Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
cultic center of isis, resort of vice Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
cultic center of isis Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
cynosura Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
daphne Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24; Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
deification, and revivification Pasco-Pranger, Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (2006) 286
deification, of castor and pollux Pasco-Pranger, Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (2006) 286
delphi, omphalos Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
delphi Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
diespiter Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
doves Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
earth Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
egypt, antiquity of Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
egypt, pharaonic Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197, 214
elegy Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
epic Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76
etiology Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
etymology, haemus Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
etymology Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
evokes alexander the great Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
evokes roman civil war Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
fama Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 75, 76, 77
fictionality Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 78, 241
greece Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
haemus Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
hegemony Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 80
helice Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
hellenization of egyptian institutions, in statius Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
hera Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
hermeneutic, alibi Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 80
hierax Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
hippolytus/virbius, death, revivification and deification of Pasco-Pranger, Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (2006) 286
hippolytus/virbius, in metamorphoses Pasco-Pranger, Founding the Year: Ovid's Fasti and the Poetics of the Roman Calendar (2006) 286
hyacinthus Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
immortality Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 3, 76
inconsistency Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 75, 77
indeterminacy, hindsight Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 241
indeterminacy, historical narratives Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 78, 80, 241
indeterminacy, strategies Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
indeterminacy Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 79, 81
information, transmission across distance Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
italy Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
julius caesar, c. Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124
julius caesar Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
libya, libyan Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
livia Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 78
logos, logoi, and statius Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
lucan Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 81
luciad Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
lucius caesar Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 78
maecenas Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76
magic Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
marcellus Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 78
margins and marginality Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
memphis, and papyrus Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
memphis, hellenized Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
men, and juno Mueller, Roman Religion in Valerius Maximus (2002) 201
metaliterariness Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 3
metamorphosis, as etiological Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
metamorphosis, audience reaction to / interpretation of Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
metamorphosis, double metamorphoses Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
metamorphosis, types of Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
metamorphosis Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
metamorphosis narratives, patterns of Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
monuments Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
narcissus Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
nile, delta (mouths of the nile) Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
nile, inundation (flood) of the Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
nile, po (also eridanus) Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
nile, sicoris Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
nymphs Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
oenotrophi Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
omens Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 81
omission Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
ovid, metamorphoses Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124
ovid Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
papyrus, trademark of egypt Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
peace Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 77, 241
pelusium, mouth of the nile Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
performance Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 77, 80
pietas Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80
pleiades Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24
pliny the younger Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124
plutarch Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
poets, dependence on readers Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
poets, rivalry with the princeps Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 3, 75, 76, 80
poets, service to empire Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76, 78, 80
pompey (gnaeus pompeius magnus), defines egypt and the nile Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
pompey (gnaeus pompeius magnus), in statius silvae Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197, 214
power, arbitrary Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 75
power, of artists and authors Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 80
power, of audiences Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 80, 241
power, of the princeps Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80
propaganda Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 77, 80, 241
propertius Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 3
prophecy Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76
pyramids Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
pythian games Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
python Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
reading, active Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
reading, as metaphor for empire Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
reading, in error or ignorance Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 75, 77
res publica, as a political/historical construct Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 78
revisionary Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 80
revisionism, of egypt and the nile Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
rhetoric Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76
role reversal Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
rome Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24; Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
romulus Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124; Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24; Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
serapis, greco-egyptian deity Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 197
signs and semiotics Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
silence Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
sincerity (conviction, credulity, religiosity) Mueller, Roman Religion in Valerius Maximus (2002) 200, 201
snake Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
statius Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124
succession Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 76, 78
tacitus Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124; Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
temple, as metaliterary devices Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 3
temple Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
tertullian Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
tombs, of alexander the great Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
tombs, of cleopatra Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
tombs, of pompey Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 214
transcripts, hidden and public Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 75, 241
transferal Seim and Okland, Metamorphoses: Resurrection, Body and Transformative Practices in Early Christianity (2009) 51
triumph, of poets and fame Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 3
triumph Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
troy Skempis and Ziogas, Geography, Topography, Landscape: Configurations of Space in Greek and Roman Epic (2014) 334
veneti, gallic tribe Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
veneti, italic tribe Manolaraki, Noscendi Nilum Cupido: Imagining Egypt from Lucan to Philostratus (2012) 60
venus Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 77, 78, 79
vergil, aeneid Duffalo, The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate (2006) 124
world' Pandey, The Poetics of Power in Augustan Rome (2018) 241
zeus Fletcher, The Ass of the Gods: Apuleius' Golden Ass, the Onos Attributed to Lucian, and Graeco-Roman Metamorphosis Literature (2023) 24