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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

New Testament, Titus, 1.12

nanOne of them, a prophet of their own, said, "Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, and idle gluttons.

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

33 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.31 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.31. וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וְהִנֵּה־טוֹב מְאֹד וַיְהִי־עֶרֶב וַיְהִי־בֹקֶר יוֹם הַשִּׁשִּׁי׃ 1.31. And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day."
2. Parmenides, Fragments, None (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3. Plato, Laws, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4. Aratus Solensis, Phaenomena, 5 (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5. τοῦ γάρ καὶ γένος εἰμέν· ὁ δʼ ἤπιος ἀνθρώποισιν
5. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 1.1 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Aristotle, Physics, None (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Dio Chrysostom, Orations, 18.6-18.7 (1st cent. CE - missingth cent. CE)

18.6.  So first of all, you should know that you have no need of toil or exacting labour; for although, when a man has already undergone a great deal of training, these contribute very greatly to his progress, yet if he has had only a little, they will lessen his confidence and make him diffident about getting into action; just as with athletes who are unaccustomed to the training of the body, such training weakens them if they become fatigued by exercises which are too severe. But just as bodies unaccustomed to toil need anointing and moderate exercise rather than the training of the gymnasium, so you in preparing yourself for public speaking have need of diligence which has a tempering of pleasure rather than laborious training. So let us consider the poets: I would counsel you to read Meder of the writers of Comedy quite carefully, and Euripides of the writers of Tragedy, and to do so, not casually by reading them to yourself, but by having them read to you by others, preferably by men who know how to render the lines pleasurably, but at any rate so as not to offend. For the effect is enhanced when one is relieved of the preoccupation of reading. 18.7.  And let no one of the more 'advanced' critics chide me for selecting Meder's plays in preference to the Old Comedy, or Euripides in preference to the earlier writers of Tragedy. For physicians do not prescribe the most costly diet for their patients, but that which is salutary. Now it would be a long task to enumerate all the advantages to be derived from these writers; indeed, not only has Meder's portrayal of every character and every charming trait surpassed all the skill of the early writers of Comedy, but the suavity and plausibility of Euripides, while perhaps not completely attaining to the grandeur of the tragic poet's way of deifying his characters, or to his high dignity, are very useful for the man in public life; and furthermore, he cleverly fills his plays with an abundance of characters and moving incidents, and strews them with maxims useful on all occasions, since he was not without acquaintance with philosophy.
8. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 10.26-10.31, 13.12, 14.33-14.37, 15.32-15.33 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10.26. for "the earth is the Lord's, andits fullness. 10.27. But if one of those who don't believe invitesyou to a meal, and you are inclined to go, eat whatever is set beforeyou, asking no questions for the sake of conscience. 10.28. But ifanyone says to you, "This was offered to idols," don't eat it for thesake of the one who told you, and for the sake of conscience. For "theearth is the Lord's, and all its fullness. 10.29. Conscience, I say,not your own, but the other's conscience. For why is my liberty judgedby another conscience? 10.30. If I partake with thankfulness, why am Idenounced for that for which I give thanks? 10.31. Whether thereforeyou eat, or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 13.12. For now we see in a mirror, dimly, butthen face to face. Now I know in part, but then I will know fully, evenas I was also fully known. 14.33. for God is not a God of confusion, but of peace.As in all the assemblies of the saints 14.34. let your wives keepsilent in the assemblies, for it has not been permitted for them tospeak; but let them be in subjection, as the law also says. 14.35. Ifthey desire to learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home,for it is shameful for a woman to chatter in the assembly. 14.36. What? Was it from you that the word of God went out? Or did it come toyou alone? 14.37. If any man thinks himself to be a prophet, orspiritual, let him recognize the things which I write to you, that theyare the commandment of the Lord. 15.32. If I fought withanimals at Ephesus for human purposes, what does it profit me? If thedead are not raised, then "let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die. 15.33. Don't be deceived! "Evil companionships corrupt good morals.
9. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 5.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.12. But we beg you, brothers, to know those who labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you
10. New Testament, 1 Timothy, 1.1, 1.3, 1.9-1.10, 2.7, 3.1-3.5, 3.7, 3.12, 3.15-3.16, 4.1-4.8, 5.4, 5.13-5.14, 6.1-6.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus according to the commandment of God our Savior, and Christ Jesus our hope; 1.3. As I exhorted you to stay at Ephesus when I was going into Macedonia, that you might charge certain men not to teach a different doctrine 1.9. as knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and insubordinate, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers 1.10. for the sexually immoral, for homosexuals, for slave-traders, for liars, for perjurers, and for any other thing contrary to the sound doctrine; 2.7. to which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle (I am telling the truth in Christ, not lying), a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth. 3.1. This is a faithful saying: if a man seeks the office of an overseer, he desires a good work. 3.2. The overseer therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, sensible, modest, hospitable, good at teaching; 3.3. not a drinker, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous; 3.4. one who rules his own house well, having children in subjection with all reverence; 3.5. (but if a man doesn't know how to rule his own house, how will he take care of the assembly of God?) 3.7. Moreover he must have good testimony from those who are outside, to avoid falling into reproach and the snare of the devil. 3.12. Let deacons be husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. 3.15. but if I wait long, that you may know how men ought to behave themselves in the house of God, which is the assembly of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth. 3.16. Without controversy, the mystery of godliness is great: God was revealed in the flesh, Justified in the spirit, Seen by angels, Preached among the nations, Believed on in the world, And received up in glory. 4.1. But the Spirit says expressly that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons 4.2. through the hypocrisy of men who speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron; 4.3. forbidding marriage and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. 4.4. For every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be rejected, if it is received with thanksgiving. 4.5. For it is sanctified through the word of God and prayer. 4.6. If you instruct the brothers of these things, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, nourished in the words of the faith, and of the good doctrine which you have followed. 4.7. But refuse profane and old wives' fables. Exercise yourself toward godliness. 4.8. For bodily exercise has some value, but godliness has value for all things, having the promise of the life which is now, and of that which is to come. 5.4. But if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them learn first to show piety towards their own family, and to repay their parents, for this is acceptable in the sight of God. 5.13. Besides, they also learn to be idle, going about from house to house. Not only idle, but also gossips and busybodies, saying things which they ought not. 5.14. I desire therefore that the younger widows marry, bear children, rule the household, and give no occasion to the adversary for reviling. 6.1. Let as many as are bondservants under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, that the name of God and the doctrine not be blasphemed. 6.2. Those who have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brothers, but rather let them serve them, because those who partake of the benefit are believing and beloved. Teach and exhort these things. 6.3. If anyone teaches a different doctrine, and doesn't consent to sound words, the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness 6.4. he is conceited, knowing nothing, but obsessed with arguments, disputes, and word battles, from which come envy, strife, reviling, evil suspicions 6.5. constant friction of men of corrupt minds and destitute of the truth, who suppose that godliness is a means of gain. Withdraw yourself from such. 6.6. But godliness with contentment is great gain. 6.7. For we brought nothing into the world, and we certainly can't carry anything out. 6.8. But having food and clothing, we will be content with that. 6.9. But those who are determined to be rich fall into a temptation and a snare and many foolish and harmful lusts, such as drown men in ruin and destruction. 6.10. For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some have been led astray from the faith in their greed, and have pierced themselves through with many sorrows. 6.11. But you, man of God, flee these things, and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, and gentleness. 6.12. Fight the good fight of faith. Lay hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you confessed the good confession in the sight of many witnesses. 6.13. I charge you before God, who gives life to all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate testified the good confession 6.14. that you keep the commandment without spot, blameless, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ; 6.15. which in its own times he will show, who is the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; 6.16. who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light; whom no man has seen, nor can see: to whom be honor and eternal power. Amen. 6.17. Charge those who are rich in this present world that they not be haughty, nor have their hope set on the uncertainty of riches, but on the living God, who richly provides us with everything to enjoy; 6.18. that they do good, that they be rich in good works, that they be ready to distribute, willing to communicate; 6.19. laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold of eternal life.
11. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 9.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12. New Testament, 2 Thessalonians, 3.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.1. Finally, brothers, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may spread rapidly and be glorified, even as also with you;
13. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 1.6-1.7, 1.11, 2.1-2.3, 2.17, 2.20, 2.24, 3.2-3.5, 3.8, 3.15-3.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.6. For this cause, I remind you that you should stir up the gift of God which is in you through the laying on of my hands. 1.7. For God didn't give us a spirit of fear, but of power, love, and self-control. 1.11. For this, I was appointed as a preacher, an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles. 2.1. You therefore, my child, be strengthened in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. 2.2. The things which you have heard from me among many witnesses, commit the same to faithful men, who will be able to teach others also. 2.3. You therefore must endure hardship, as a good soldier of Christ Jesus. 2.17. and their word will consume like gangrene, of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; 2.20. Now in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of clay. Some are for honor, and some for dishonor. 2.24. The Lord's servant must not quarrel, but be gentle towards all, able to teach, patient 3.2. For men will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy 3.3. without natural affection, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good 3.4. traitors, headstrong, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God; 3.5. holding a form of godliness, but having denied the power thereof. Turn away from these, also. 3.8. Even as Jannes and Jambres opposed Moses, so do these also oppose the truth; men corrupted in mind, reprobate concerning the faith. 3.15. From infancy, you have known the sacred writings which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith, which is in Christ Jesus. 3.16. Every writing inspired by God is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for instruction which is in righteousness
14. New Testament, Acts, 4.13, 5.39, 17.28, 20.38, 22.3, 24.5-24.6 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4.13. Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and had perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marveled. They recognized that they had been with Jesus. 5.39. But if it is of God, you will not be able to overthrow it, and you would be found even to be fighting against God! 17.28. 'For in him we live, and move, and have our being.' As some of your own poets have said, 'For we are also his offspring.' 20.38. sorrowing most of all because of the word which he had spoken, that they should see his face no more. They brought him on his way to the ship. 22.3. I am indeed a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, instructed according to the strict manner of the law of our fathers, being zealous for God, even as you all are this day. 24.5. For we have found this man to be a plague, an instigator of insurrections among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes. 24.6. He even tried to profane the temple. We arrested him.
15. New Testament, James, 2.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.1. My brothers, don't hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with partiality.
16. New Testament, Colossians, 1.21-1.22, 2.11-2.16, 4.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.21. You, being in past times alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works 1.22. yet now he has reconciled in the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and without blemish and blameless before him 2.11. in whom you were also circumcised with a circumcision not made with hands, in the putting off of the body of the sins of the flesh, in the circumcision of Christ; 2.12. having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead. 2.13. You were dead through your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh. He made you alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses; 2.14. having wiped out the handwriting in ordices that was against us, which was contrary to us: and he has taken it out of the way, nailing it to the cross; 2.15. having stripped the principalities and the powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it. 2.16. Let no man therefore judge you in eating, or in drinking, or with respect to a feast day or a new moon or a Sabbath day 4.10. Aristarchus, my fellow prisoner greets you, and Mark, the cousin of Barnabas (concerning whom you received commandments, "if he comes to you, receive him")
17. New Testament, Ephesians, 2.11-2.22, 5.8, 6.19-6.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.11. Therefore remember that once you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called "uncircumcision" by that which is called "circumcision," (in the flesh, made by hands); 2.12. that you were at that time separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covets of the promise, having no hope and without God in the world. 2.13. But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off are made near in the blood of Christ. 2.14. For he is our peace, who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition 2.15. having abolished in the flesh the hostility, the law of commandments contained in ordices, that he might create in himself one new man of the two, making peace; 2.16. and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, having killed the hostility thereby. 2.17. He came and preached peace to you who were far off and to those who were near. 2.18. For through him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. 2.19. So then you are no longer strangers and sojourners, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God 2.20. being built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief cornerstone; 2.21. in whom the whole building, fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord; 2.22. in whom you also are built together for a habitation of God in the Spirit. 5.8. For you were once darkness, but are now light in the Lord. Walk as children of light 6.19. on my behalf, that utterance may be given to me in opening my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel 6.20. for which I am an ambassador in chains; that in it I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.
18. New Testament, Romans, 12.8, 14.6, 16.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.8. or he who exhorts, to his exhorting: he who gives, let him do it with liberality; he who rules, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness. 14.6. He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it. He who eats, eats to the Lord, for he gives God thanks. He who doesn't eat, to the Lord he doesn't eat, and gives God thanks. 16.2. that you receive her in the Lord, in a way worthy of the saints, and that you assist her in whatever matter she may need from you, for she herself also has been a helper of many, and of my own self.
19. New Testament, Titus, 1.1, 1.4, 1.6-1.11, 1.13-1.16, 2.1-2.14, 3.3-3.7 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the knowledge of the truth which is according to godliness 1.4. to Titus, my true child according to a common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior. 1.6. if anyone is blameless, the husband of one wife, having children who believe, who are not accused of loose or unruly behavior. 1.7. For the overseer must be blameless, as God's steward; not self-pleasing, not easily angered, not given to wine, not violent, not greedy for dishonest gain; 1.8. but given to hospitality, as a lover of good, sober-minded, fair, holy, self-controlled; 1.9. holding to the faithful word which is according to the teaching, that he may be able to exhort in the sound doctrine, and to convict those who contradict him. 1.10. For there are also many unruly men, vain talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision 1.11. whose mouths must be stopped; men who overthrow whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for dishonest gain's sake. 1.13. This testimony is true. For this cause, reprove them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith 1.14. not paying attention to Jewish fables and commandments of men who turn away from the truth. 1.15. To the pure, all things are pure; but to those who are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure; but both their mind and their conscience are defiled. 1.16. They profess that they know God, but by their works they deny him, being abominable, disobedient, and unfit for any good work. 2.1. But say the things which fit sound doctrine 2.2. that older men should be temperate, sensible, sober-minded, sound in faith, in love, and in patience: 2.3. and that older women likewise be reverent in behavior, not slanderers nor enslaved to much wine, teachers of that which is good; 2.4. that they may train the young women to love their husbands, to love their children 2.5. to be sober-minded, chaste, workers at home, kind, being in subjection to their own husbands, that God's word may not be blasphemed. 2.6. Likewise, exhort the younger men to be sober-minded; 2.7. in all things showing yourself an example of good works; in your teaching showing integrity, seriousness, incorruptibility 2.8. and soundness of speech that can't be condemned; that he who opposes you may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say about us. 2.9. Exhort servants to be in subjection to their own masters, and to be well-pleasing in all things; not contradicting; 2.10. not stealing, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God, our Savior, in all things. 2.11. For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men 2.12. instructing us to the intent that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we would live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world; 2.13. looking for the blessed hope and appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ; 2.14. who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify for himself a people for his own possession, zealous for good works. 3.3. For we were also once foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving various lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. 3.4. But when the kindness of God our Savior and his love toward mankind appeared 3.5. not by works of righteousness, which we did ourselves, but according to his mercy, he saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit 3.6. which he poured out on us richly, through Jesus Christ our Savior; 3.7. that, being justified by his grace, we might be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
20. New Testament, John, 7.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7.15. The Jews therefore marveled, saying, "How does this man know letters, having never been educated?
21. New Testament, Matthew, 3.7, 23.32 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.7. But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for his baptism, he said to them, "You offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 23.32. Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers.
22. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 7.175 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

23. Tosefta, Berachot, 4.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4.1. A person should not taste anything until he makes a Beracha (blessing) [on it], as it is said, “To Hashem is the Earth and its fullness…” (Psalms 24:1) [A person] who receives pleasure from this world without a Beracha makes inappropriate use of sacred property, until all of the Mitzvot (commandments) [that must be done over this object] will permit it to him. A person should use his face, his hands and his feet only for the honor of his Creator, as it is said, “Every creation of Hashem is for His sake.” (Proverbs 16:4)"
24. Anon., Acts of Thomas, 29, 42-50, 64, 76-77, 20 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

20. Now when the king came to the city he inquired of his friends concerning the palace which Judas that is called Thomas was building for him. And they told him: Neither hath he built a palace nor done aught else of that he promised to perform, but he goeth about the cities and countries, and whatsoever he hath he giveth unto the poor, and teacheth of a new God, and healeth the sick, and driveth out devils, and doeth many other wonderful things; and we think him to be a sorcerer. Yet his compassions and his cures which are done of him freely, and moreover the simplicity and kindness of him and his faith, do declare that he is a righteous man or an apostle of the new God whom he preacheth; for he fasteth continually and prayeth, and eateth bread only, with salt, and his drink is water, and he weareth but one garment alike in fair weather and in winter, and receiveth nought of any man, and that he hath he giveth unto others. And when the king heard that, he rubbed his face with his hands, and shook his head for a long space.
25. Anon., Didascalia Apostolorum, 19, 15 (2nd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

26. Anon., Acts of Peter, 4, 14 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

27. Athenagoras, Apology Or Embassy For The Christians, 30 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

30. For if detestable and god-hated men had the reputation of being gods, and the daughter of Derceto, Semiramis, a lascivious and blood-stained woman, was esteemed a Syria goddess; and if, on account of Derceto, the Syrians worship doves and Semiramis (for, a thing impossible, a woman was changed into a dove: the story is in Ctesias), what wonder if some should be called gods by their people on the ground of their rule and sovereignty (the Sibyl, of whom Plato also makes mention, says:- It was the generation then the tenth, of men endow'd with speech, since forth the flood Had burst upon the men of former times, And Kronos, Japetus, and Titan reigned, Whom men, of Ouranos and Gaïa Proclaimed the noblest sons, and named them so, Because of men endowed with gift of speech They were the first); and others for their strength, as Heracles and Perseus; and others for their art, as Asclepius? Those, therefore, to whom either the subjects gave honour or the rulers themselves [assumed it], obtained the name, some from fear, others from revenge. Thus Antinous, through the benevolence of your ancestors towards their subjects, came to be regarded as a god. But those who came after adopted the worship without examination. The Cretans always lie; for they, O king, Have built a tomb to you who art not dead. Though you believe, O Callimachus, in the nativity of Zeus, you do not believe in his sepulchre; and while you think to obscure the truth, you in fact proclaim him dead, even to those who are ignorant; and if you see the cave, you call to mind the childbirth of Rhea; but when you see the coffin, you throw a shadow over his death, not considering that the unbegotten God alone is eternal. For either the tales told by the multitude and the poets about the gods are unworthy of credit, and the reverence shown them is superfluous (for those do not exist, the tales concerning whom are untrue); or if the births, the amours, the murders, the thefts, the castrations, the thunderbolts, are true, they no longer exist, having ceased to be since they were born, having previously had no being. And on what principle must we believe some things and disbelieve others, when the poets have written their stories in order to gain greater veneration for them? For surely those through whom they have got to be considered gods, and who have striven to represent their deeds as worthy of reverence, cannot have invented their sufferings. That, therefore, we are not atheists, acknowledging as we do God the Maker of this universe and His Logos, has been proved according to my ability, if not according to the importance of the subject.
28. Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, 1.19.91, 6.5.43 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

29. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 2.30.9 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

30. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.14.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.14.4. In front of this temple, where is also the statue of Triptolemus, is a bronze bull being led as it were to sacrifice, and there is a sitting figure of Epimenides of Cnossus fl. c. 600 B.C., who they say entered a cave in the country and slept. And the sleep did not leave him before the fortieth year, and afterwards he wrote verses and purified Athens and other cities. But Thales who stayed the plague for the Lacedaemonians was not related to Epimenides in any way, and belonged to a different city. The latter was from Cnossus, but Thales was from Gortyn, according to Polymnastus of Colophon, who com posed a poem about him for the Lacedaemonians.
31. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 1.109-1.112, 1.114 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1.109. 10. EPIMEDESEpimenides, according to Theopompus and many other writers, was the son of Phaestius; some, however, make him the son of Dosiadas, others of Agesarchus. He was a native of Cnossos in Crete, though from wearing his hair long he did not look like a Cretan. One day he was sent into the country by his father to look for a stray sheep, and at noon he turned aside out of the way, and went to sleep in a cave, where he slept for fifty-seven years. After this he got up and went in search of the sheep, thinking he had been asleep only a short time. And when he could not find it, he came to the farm, and found everything changed and another owner in possession. Then he went back to the town in utter perplexity; and there, on entering his own house, he fell in with people who wanted to know who he was. At length he found his younger brother, now an old man, and learnt the truth from him. 1.110. So he became famous throughout Greece, and was believed to be a special favourite of heaven.Hence, when the Athenians were attacked by pestilence, and the Pythian priestess bade them purify the city, they sent a ship commanded by Nicias, son of Niceratus, to Crete to ask the help of Epimenides. And he came in the 46th Olympiad, purified their city, and stopped the pestilence in the following way. He took sheep, some black and others white, and brought them to the Areopagus; and there he let them go whither they pleased, instructing those who followed them to mark the spot where each sheep lay down and offer a sacrifice to the local divinity. And thus, it is said, the plague was stayed. Hence even to this day altars may be found in different parts of Attica with no name inscribed upon them, which are memorials of this atonement. According to some writers he declared the plague to have been caused by the pollution which Cylon brought on the city and showed them how to remove it. In consequence two young men, Cratinus and Ctesibius, were put to death and the city was delivered from the scourge. 1.111. The Athenians voted him a talent in money and a ship to convey him back to Crete. The money he declined, but he concluded a treaty of friendship and alliance between Cnossos and Athens.So he returned home and soon afterwards died. According to Phlegon in his work On Longevity he lived one hundred and fifty-seven years; according to the Cretans two hundred and ninety-nine years. Xenophanes of Colophon gives his age as 154, according to hearsay.He wrote a poem On the Birth of the Curetes and Corybantes and a Theogony, 5000 lines in all; another on the building of the Argo and Jason's voyage to Colchis in 6500 lines. 1.112. He also compiled prose works On Sacrifices and the Cretan Constitution, also On Minos and Rhadamanthus, running to about 4000 lines. At Athens again he founded the sanctuary of the Solemn Gods (Semnai Theai), as Lobon of Argos tells us in his work On Poets. He is stated to have been the first who purified houses and fields, and the first who founded sanctuaries. Some are found to maintain that he did not go to sleep but withdrew himself for a while, engaged in gathering simples.There is extant a letter of his to Solon the lawgiver, containing a scheme of government which Minos drew up for the Cretans. But Demetrius of Magnesia, in his work on poets and writers of the same name, endeavours to discredit the letter on the ground that it is late and not written in the Cretan dialect but in Attic, and New Attic too. However, I have found another letter by him which runs as follows:Epimenides to Solon 1.114. This is the tenor of the letter. But Demetrius reports a story that he received from the Nymphs food of a special sort and kept it in a cow's hoof; that he took small doses of this food, which was entirely absorbed into his system, and he was never seen to eat. Timaeus mentions him in his second book. Some writers say that the Cretans sacrifice to him as a god; for they say that he had superhuman foresight. For instance, when he saw Munichia, at Athens, he said the Athenians did not know how many evils that place would bring upon them; for, if they did, they would destroy it even if they had to do so with their teeth. And this he said so long before the event. It is also stated that he was the first to call himself Aeacus; that he foretold to the Lacedaemonians their defeat by the Arcadians; and that he claimed that his soul had passed through many incarnations.
32. Anon., 4 Baruch, 5

33. Orphic Hymns., Fragments, 31

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abimelech/ebed-melech,sleep of Allison (2018) 213
abimelech/ebed-melech Allison (2018) 213
abstinence Wilson (2012) 408
agurtês /-ai Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
air (element) Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
alcmeonids Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
alimentary Blidstein (2017) 79
anthropomorphism Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
antithesis,in paraenesis Malherbe et al (2014) 415
antithesis Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 438, 522
apologetic,level of greek Malherbe et al (2014) 760
aratus Malherbe et al (2014) 93; Černušková (2016) 336
aristophanes,peace Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
aristophanes Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
aristotle,athenaiôn politeia Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
aristotle Johnston and Struck (2005) 181; Malherbe et al (2014) 760
autobiography Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
bacis Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
beast,cretans as Malherbe et al (2014) 93
bible,and greek learning Černušková (2016) 336
bible,and philosophy Černušková (2016) 336
celsus de Jáuregui (2010) 244
christ Černušková (2016) 336
chrêsmologos Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
city-states Malherbe et al (2014) 760
colossae deSilva (2022) 336
conversion de Jáuregui (2010) 244
cosmos/kosmos Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
creation,essentially good Blidstein (2017) 79
crucified,son of god Černušková (2016) 336
crucified Černušková (2016) 336
defilement Wilson (2012) 408
deissmann,adolf Malherbe et al (2014) 514
diatribe Malherbe et al (2014) 93
dibelius,martin Malherbe et al (2014) 438
dietary laws in the second-and third-century texts Blidstein (2017) 79
dikê/δίκη Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
dikê (goddess) Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
dillery,john Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
diogenes laertius Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
divination,and authority Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
education Malherbe et al (2014) 760
epicureanism,education Malherbe et al (2014) 73
epicurus Malherbe et al (2014) 417
epimenides Johnston and Struck (2005) 181; Malherbe et al (2014) 93, 760; Černušková (2016) 336
epistle,pastorals Malherbe et al (2014) 73, 415, 417, 420, 438, 439, 440, 514, 522
euripides Malherbe et al (2014) 93, 760
exegesis,of paul Černušková (2016) 336
exegesis Černušková (2016) 336
exegetical debates/conversations Černušková (2016) 336
exhortation Malherbe et al (2014) 514
exorcism Blidstein (2017) 79
fasting Blidstein (2017) 79
food,impurity of in second- and third-century sources Blidstein (2017) 79
food Wilson (2012) 408
foolishness Wilson (2012) 408
gemeindeparänese,as social virtues Malherbe et al (2014) 417
genre Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
gluttony Wilson (2012) 408
god,knowledge of Černušková (2016) 336
god,one Černušková (2016) 336
gospels,and philosophy Černušková (2016) 336
gospels,as foolishness Černušková (2016) 336
greek (language),learning Černušková (2016) 336
greek (language),literature Černušková (2016) 336
greek (language),philosophy/philosophers Černušková (2016) 336
greek (language),poets Černušková (2016) 336
greeks,and jews Černušková (2016) 336
greeks,as critics of christianity Černušková (2016) 336
greeks Černušková (2016) 336
heresy Malherbe et al (2014) 73, 415, 439, 522
hospitality Malherbe et al (2014) 73
house church Malherbe et al (2014) 73
household,christian Malherbe et al (2014) 73
household,management Malherbe et al (2014) 440
impurity Wilson (2012) 408
instruction,religious Malherbe et al (2014) 760
instruction Malherbe et al (2014) 522
jason Malherbe et al (2014) 73
jews/hebrews,and greeks Černušková (2016) 336
judaism,hellenistic Malherbe et al (2014) 514
kindness Malherbe et al (2014) 417
knowledge,of god Černušková (2016) 336
koine Malherbe et al (2014) 760
law,biblical Lieu (2015) 423
letter,paraenetic Malherbe et al (2014) 420
letter,pauline Malherbe et al (2014) 760
liturgical expressions/elements,long-sleepers,legends of Allison (2018) 213
love Wilson (2012) 408
lust Wilson (2012) 408
mania,poet as Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
mania Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
maxims Malherbe et al (2014) 415
maximus of tyre Malherbe et al (2014) 417
meat Blidstein (2017) 79
menander Malherbe et al (2014) 93, 760
metaphor Malherbe et al (2014) 439, 522
moralists Malherbe et al (2014) 522
morality Malherbe et al (2014) 440, 514, 522
myth,valentinian myths Černušková (2016) 336
night Iribarren and Koning (2022) 91
pagans Černušková (2016) 336
paraenesis,antithesis Malherbe et al (2014) 438, 522
paraenesis,characteristics Malherbe et al (2014) 438
paraenesis,definition Malherbe et al (2014) 420
paraenesis Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 417, 420, 438, 439, 514, 522
parallels/parallelism Malherbe et al (2014) 514
pastoral epistles Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 417, 420, 438, 439, 440, 514, 522
pastorals Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 417, 420, 438, 439, 440, 514, 522
patria potestas Malherbe et al (2014) 73
patronage Malherbe et al (2014) 73
paul,the apostle/st. paul,apostle divine apostle) Černušková (2016) 336
paul,the apostle/st. paul,interpretation of paul Černušková (2016) 336
paul Johnston and Struck (2005) 181; Lieu (2015) 423; Malherbe et al (2014) 522; Seim and Okland (2009) 210
pauline letters/epistles Černušková (2016) 336
penance,penitence Blidstein (2017) 79
peter Lieu (2015) 423; Seim and Okland (2009) 210
philanthropy,of god Malherbe et al (2014) 417
philophronesis Malherbe et al (2014) 438
philosopher,moral Malherbe et al (2014) 439, 440
philosopher Malherbe et al (2014) 522, 760
philosophy/philosophers,greek Černušková (2016) 336
philosophy/philosophers Černušková (2016) 336
plato Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
plato / (neo-)platonism de Jáuregui (2010) 244
pleasure Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 417, 420, 438, 439, 440
pleasures Wilson (2012) 408
plutarch Malherbe et al (2014) 522
pneuma de Jáuregui (2010) 244
prayer Blidstein (2017) 79; Wilson (2012) 408
precept Malherbe et al (2014) 420
prophecies of christianity Černušková (2016) 336
prophecy,false Blidstein (2017) 79
protrepsis/protreptic,nan Malherbe et al (2014) 417
protrepsis/protreptic Malherbe et al (2014) 417
proverb,in pastorals Malherbe et al (2014) 514
proverb Malherbe et al (2014) 93, 420, 438, 514
proverbs,titus,letter of Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 417, 420
psychagogy Malherbe et al (2014) 440, 514
pythagoras / (neo-)pythagoreanism de Jáuregui (2010) 244
resurrection de Jáuregui (2010) 244
rhetoric,theorists Malherbe et al (2014) 420
rhetoric Malherbe et al (2014) 514, 760
rome Lieu (2015) 423
sacrifice Wilson (2012) 408
salvation,in pastorals Malherbe et al (2014) 438, 439, 440
sapiential traditions Malherbe et al (2014) 514
scatological humour Seim and Okland (2009) 210
school Malherbe et al (2014) 93
sex Seim and Okland (2009) 210; Wilson (2012) 408
sexual relations abstinence from Blidstein (2017) 79
shame Wilson (2012) 408
simon magus Seim and Okland (2009) 210
simple believers/simpliciores Černušková (2016) 336
sitting (posture) Allison (2018) 213
soteriology,in pastorals Malherbe et al (2014) 438, 439, 440
speech Černušková (2016) 336
stoicism,self-sufficiency Malherbe et al (2014) 522
stoicism Malherbe et al (2014) 93, 522; de Jáuregui (2010) 244
style Malherbe et al (2014) 514, 522, 760
svenbro Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
synoptic,tradition Malherbe et al (2014) 514
teaching,sound Malherbe et al (2014) 417, 440
temple in jerusalem,destruction of Allison (2018) 213
thanksgiving,in letters Malherbe et al (2014) 438
the tongue' Wilson (2012) 408
theopompus Johnston and Struck (2005) 181
thessalonica Malherbe et al (2014) 73
thomas Seim and Okland (2009) 210
timothy Malherbe et al (2014) 439
titus Malherbe et al (2014) 420, 439, 440; Seim and Okland (2009) 210
tradition,synoptic Malherbe et al (2014) 514
tychicus deSilva (2022) 336
unnik,willem c. van Malherbe et al (2014) 760
vegetarianism Blidstein (2017) 79
vice,list Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 417, 420, 438, 439
virtue,life of Malherbe et al (2014) 415, 417, 420, 438
virtue,social Malherbe et al (2014) 440
vision Lieu (2015) 423
vision of god,purification before Blidstein (2017) 79
wine Blidstein (2017) 79
wisdom) Černušková (2016) 336
women Malherbe et al (2014) 440, 514
word/the word,of jesus Malherbe et al (2014) 514
words and deeds Malherbe et al (2014) 420
zeus de Jáuregui (2010) 244