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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



8253
New Testament, Romans, 14.5


ὃς μὲν [γὰρ] κρίνει ἡμέραν παρʼ ἡμέραν, ὃς δὲ κρίνει πᾶσαν ἡμέραν· ἕκαστος ἐν τῷ ἰδίῳ νοῒ πληροφορείσθω·One man esteems one day as more important. Another esteems every day alike. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

33 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 22.27 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

22.27. אֱלֹהִים לֹא תְקַלֵּל וְנָשִׂיא בְעַמְּךָ לֹא תָאֹר׃ 22.27. Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people."
2. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 9.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.3. לֹא יֵשְׁבוּ בְּאֶרֶץ יְהוָה וְשָׁב אֶפְרַיִם מִצְרַיִם וּבְאַשּׁוּר טָמֵא יֹאכֵלוּ׃ 9.3. They shall not dwell in the LORD’S land; But Ephraim shall return to Egypt, And they shall eat unclean food in Assyria."
3. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 1.14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.14. גּוֹרָלְךָ תַּפִּיל בְּתוֹכֵנוּ כִּיס אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּנוּ׃ 1.14. Cast in thy lot among us; Let us all have one purse’—"
4. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 4.13 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.13. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה כָּכָה יֹאכְלוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־לַחְמָם טָמֵא בַּגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר אַדִּיחֵם שָׁם׃ 4.13. And the LORD said: ‘Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their bread unclean, among the nations whither I will drive them.’"
5. Anon., Jubilees, 2.19, 2.32 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.19. These three kinds He made on the fourth day. 2.32. And I have chosen the seed of Jacob from amongst all that I have seen, and have written him down as My firstborn son, and have sanctified him unto Myself for ever and ever;
6. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 10.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

10.3. לֶחֶם חֲמֻדוֹת לֹא אָכַלְתִּי וּבָשָׂר וָיַיִן לֹא־בָא אֶל־פִּי וְסוֹךְ לֹא־סָכְתִּי עַד־מְלֹאת שְׁלֹשֶׁת שָׁבֻעִים יָמִים׃ 10.3. I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled."
7. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 1.47 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.47. to build altars and sacred precincts and shrines for idols, to sacrifice swine and unclean animals
8. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 18.1, 33.14-33.15, 50.17 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

18.1. He who lives for ever created the whole universe; 18.1. Like a drop of water from the sea and a grain of sand so are a few years in the day of eternity. 33.14. Good is the opposite of evil,and life the opposite of death;so the sinner is the opposite of the godly. 33.15. Look upon all the works of the Most High;they likewise are in pairs, one the opposite of the other. 50.17. Then all the people together made haste and fell to the ground upon their faces to worship their Lord,the Almighty, God Most High.
9. Septuagint, Judith, 7.4 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

7.4. When the Israelites saw their vast numbers they were greatly terrified, and every one said to his neighbor, "These men will now lick up the face of the whole land; neither the high mountains nor the valleys nor the hills will bear their weight.
10. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 7.3, 18.1, 50.17 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7.3. And when I was born, I began to breathe the common air,and fell upon the kindred earth,and my first sound was a cry, like that of all. 18.1. But for thy holy ones there was very great light. Their enemies heard their voices but did not see their forms,and counted them happy for not having suffered
11. Philo of Alexandria, On The Special Laws, 2.42 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

2.42. The law sets down every day as a festival, adapting itself to an irreproachable life, as if men continually obeyed nature and her injunctions. And if wickedness did not prosper, subduing by their predomit influence all those reasonings about what things might be expedient, which they have driven out of the soul of each individual, but if all the powers of the virtues remained in all respects unsubdued, then the whole time from a man's birth to his death would be one uninterrupted festival, and all houses and every city would pass their time in continual fearlessness and peace, being full of every imaginable blessing, enjoying perfect tranquillity.
12. Anon., Didache, 14 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

14. But every Lord's day gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, says the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations.
13. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 3.181, 4.207, 11.346 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.181. When Moses distinguished the tabernacle into three parts, and allowed two of them to the priests, as a place accessible and common, he denoted the land and the sea, these being of general access to all; but he set apart the third division for God, because heaven is inaccessible to men. 4.207. 10. Let no one blaspheme those gods which other cities esteem such; nor may any one steal what belongs to strange temples, nor take away the gifts that are dedicated to any god. 11.346. 7. Now when Alexander was dead, the government was parted among his successors, but the temple upon Mount Gerizzim remained. And if any one were accused by those of Jerusalem of having eaten things common or of having broken the Sabbath, or of any other crime of the like nature
14. Mishnah, Yoma, 3.4 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

3.4. They spread out a linen sheet between him and the people. He stripped off [his clothes], went down and immersed himself, came up and dried himself. They brought him the golden garments, he put them on and sanctified his hands and feet. They brought him the tamid. He made the required cut and some one else finished it for him. He received the blood and sprinkled it. He went inside to smoke the morning incense and to trim the lamps; And to offer up the head and the limbs and the griddle cakes and the wine."
15. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 8, 8.1-11.1, 8.7, 8.9, 8.13, 9, 10, 10.23, 10.24, 10.25, 10.27, 10.30, 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, 11.4, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9, 11.10, 11.11, 11.12, 11.13, 11.14, 11.15, 11.16, 11.17, 11.18, 11.19, 11.20, 11.21, 11.22, 11.23, 11.24, 11.25, 11.26, 11.27, 11.28, 11.29, 11.30, 11.31, 11.32, 11.33, 11.34, 14.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

16. New Testament, Acts, 2.2, 2.6, 4.31, 5.1-5.10, 7.55, 8.39, 10.14, 11.27-11.28, 13.2, 13.9, 13.14, 15.21, 15.32, 16.13-16.15, 17.2, 18.4, 21.9, 21.28, 27.9 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.2. Suddenly there came from the sky a sound like the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 2.6. When this sound was heard, the multitude came together, and were bewildered, because everyone heard them speaking in his own language. 4.31. When they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were gathered together. They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the word of God with boldness. 5.1. But a certain man named Aias, with Sapphira, his wife, sold a possession 5.2. and kept back part of the price, his wife also being aware of it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles' feet. 5.3. But Peter said, "Aias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back part of the price of the land? 5.4. While you kept it, didn't it remain your own? After it was sold, wasn't it in your power? How is it that you have conceived this thing in your heart? You haven't lied to men, but to God. 5.5. Aias, hearing these words, fell down and died. Great fear came on all who heard these things. 5.6. The young men arose and wrapped him up, and they carried him out and buried him. 5.7. About three hours later, his wife, not knowing what had happened, came in. 5.8. Peter answered her, "Tell me whether you sold the land for so much."She said, "Yes, for so much. 5.9. But Peter asked her, "How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out. 5.10. She fell down immediately at his feet, and died. The young men came in and found her dead, and they carried her out and buried her by her husband. 7.55. But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, looked up steadfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God 8.39. When they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught Philip away, and the eunuch didn't see him any more, for he went on his way rejoicing. 10.14. But Peter said, "Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean. 11.27. Now in these days, prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. 11.28. One of them named Agabus stood up, and indicated by the Spirit that there should be a great famine over all the world, which also happened in the days of Claudius. 13.2. As they served the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, "Separate Barnabas and Saul for me, for the work to which I have called them. 13.9. But Saul, who is also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, fastened his eyes on him 13.14. But they, passing through from Perga, came to Antioch of Pisidia. They went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and sat down. 15.21. For Moses from generations of old has in every city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath. 15.32. Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged the brothers with many words, and strengthened them. 16.13. On the Sabbath day we went forth outside of the city by a riverside, where we supposed there was a place of prayer, and we sat down, and spoke to the women who had come together. 16.14. A certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, one who worshiped God, heard us; whose heart the Lord opened to listen to the things which were spoken by Paul. 16.15. When she and her household were baptized, she begged us, saying, "If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and stay." She urged us. 17.2. Paul, as was his custom, went in to them, and for three Sabbath days reasoned with them from the Scriptures 18.4. He reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded Jews and Greeks. 21.9. Now this man had four virgin daughters who prophesied. 21.28. crying out, "Men of Israel, help! This is the man who teaches all men everywhere against the people, and the law, and this place. Moreover, he also brought Greeks into the temple, and has defiled this holy place! 27.9. When much time was spent, and the voyage was now dangerous, because the Fast had now already gone by, Paul admonished them
17. New Testament, Colossians, 1.5, 2.16-2.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.5. because of the hope which is laid up for you in the heavens, whereof you heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel 2.16. Let no man therefore judge you in eating, or in drinking, or with respect to a feast day or a new moon or a Sabbath day 2.17. which are a shadow of the things to come; but the body is Christ's. 2.18. Let no one rob you of your prize by a voluntary humility and worshipping of the angels, dwelling in the things which he has not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind 2.19. and not holding firmly to the Head, from whom all the body, being supplied and knit together through the joints and ligaments, grows with God's growth. 2.20. If you died with Christ from the elements of the world, why, as though living in the world, do you subject yourselves to ordices 2.21. Don't handle, nor taste, nor touch
18. New Testament, Ephesians, 5.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.19. speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs; singing, and singing praises in your heart to the Lord;
19. New Testament, Galatians, 1.6-1.9, 2.1-2.10, 2.12-2.14, 3.28, 4.9-4.11, 5.6, 6.1-6.5, 6.12, 6.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.6. I marvel that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ to a different gospel; 1.7. and there isn'tanother gospel. Only there are some who trouble you, and want topervert the gospel of Christ. 1.8. But even though we, or an angelfrom heaven, should preach to you any gospel other than that which wepreached to you, let him be cursed. 1.9. As we have said before, so Inow say again: if any man preaches to you any gospel other than thatwhich you received, let him be cursed. 2.1. Then after a period of fourteen years I went up again toJerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me. 2.2. I went up byrevelation, and I laid before them the gospel which I preach among theGentiles, but privately before those who were respected, for fear thatI might be running, or had run, in vain. 2.3. But not even Titus, whowas with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. 2.4. Thiswas because of the false brothers secretly brought in, who stole in tospy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they mightbring us into bondage; 2.5. to whom we gave no place in the way ofsubjection, not for an hour, that the truth of the gospel mightcontinue with you. 2.6. But from those who were reputed to beimportant (whatever they were, it makes no difference to me; Goddoesn't show partiality to man) -- they, I say, who were respectedimparted nothing to me 2.7. but to the contrary, when they saw that Ihad been entrusted with the gospel for the uncircumcision, even asPeter with the gospel for the circumcision 2.8. (for he who appointedPeter to the apostleship of the circumcision appointed me also to theGentiles); 2.9. and when they perceived the grace that was given tome, James and Cephas and John, they who were reputed to be pillars,gave to me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, that we should goto the Gentiles, and they to the circumcision. 2.10. They only askedus to remember the poor -- which very thing I was also zealous to do. 2.12. For before some people came fromJames, he ate with the Gentiles. But when they came, he drew back andseparated himself, fearing those who were of the circumcision. 2.13. And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that evenBarnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. 2.14. But when I sawthat they didn't walk uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, Isaid to Peter before them all, "If you, being a Jew, live as theGentiles do, and not as the Jews do, why do you compel the Gentiles tolive as the Jews do? 3.28. There is neither Jewnor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither malenor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 4.9. But now thatyou have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, why do youturn back again to the weak and miserable elements, to which you desireto be in bondage all over again? 4.10. You observe days, months,seasons, and years. 4.11. I am afraid for you, that I might havewasted my labor for you. 5.6. For in Christ Jesusneither circumcision amounts to anything, nor uncircumcision, but faithworking through love. 6.1. Brothers, even if a man is caught in some fault, you who arespiritual must restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness; looking toyourself so that you also aren't tempted. 6.2. Bear one another'sburdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. 6.3. For if a man thinkshimself to be something when he is nothing, he deceives himself. 6.4. But let each man test his own work, and then he will take pride inhimself and not in his neighbor. 6.5. For each man will bear his ownburden. 6.12. As many as desire to look good in the flesh, they compel you tobe circumcised; only that they may not be persecuted for the cross ofChrist. 6.15. For in Christ Jesus neitheris circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation.
20. New Testament, Hebrews, 3.7-4.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

21. New Testament, Philippians, 2.1-2.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.1. If there is therefore any exhortation in Christ, if any consolation of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any tender mercies and compassion 2.2. make my joy full, by being like-minded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind; 2.3. doing nothing through rivalry or through conceit, but in humility, each counting others better than himself; 2.4. each of you not just looking to his own things, but each of you also to the things of others. 2.5. Have this in your mind, which was also in Christ Jesus 2.6. who, existing in the form of God, didn't consider it robbery to be equal with God 2.7. but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men. 2.8. And being found in human form, he humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, yes, the death of the cross. 2.9. Therefore God also highly exalted him, and gave to him the name which is above every name; 2.10. that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, those on earth, and those under the earth 2.11. and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
22. New Testament, Romans, 1.16, 1.18, 2.10, 2.13, 3.9, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 3.18, 3.20, 3.29, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.25, 5.13, 8.15, 9, 10, 11, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.9, 12.10, 13.1, 13.8, 13.9, 14, 14.1, 14.1-15.13, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.6, 14.7, 14.8, 14.9, 14.10, 14.11, 14.12, 14.13, 14.14, 14.15, 14.16, 14.17, 14.18, 14.19, 14.20, 14.21, 14.22, 14.23, 15, 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.7, 15.8, 15.9, 15.10, 15.11, 15.12, 15.13 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.16. For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God for salvation for everyone who believes; for the Jew first, and also for the Greek.
23. New Testament, John, 14.26, 15.26, 16.13-16.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14.26. But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and will remind you of all that I said to you. 15.26. When the Counselor has come, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will testify about me. 16.13. However when he, the Spirit of truth, has come, he will guide you into all truth, for he will not speak from himself; but whatever he hears, he will speak. He will declare to you things that are coming. 16.14. He will glorify me, for he will take from what is mine, and will declare it to you. 16.15. All things whatever the Father has are mine; therefore I said that he takes of mine, and will declare it to you.
24. New Testament, Mark, 2.27, 7.2, 13.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.27. He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 7.2. Now when they saw some of his disciples eating bread with defiled, that is, unwashed, hands, they found fault. 13.11. When they lead you away and deliver you up, don't be anxious beforehand, or premeditate what you will say, but say whatever will be given you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit.
25. New Testament, Matthew, 12.28 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.28. But if I by the Spirit of God cast out demons, then the Kingdom of God has come upon you.
26. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 3.13 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

27. Justin, First Apology, 14.3 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

28. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.97 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

29. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.97 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

30. Tertullian, On The Soul, 9.4 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

31. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 5.16.17, 5.17.4, 5.18.4-5.18.11, 5.18.13 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

5.16.17. He writes as follows:And let not the spirit, in the same work of Asterius Urbanus, say through Maximilla, 'I am driven away from the sheep like a wolf. I am not a wolf. I am word and spirit and power.' But let him show clearly and prove the power in the spirit. And by the spirit let him compel those to confess him who were then present for the purpose of proving and reasoning with the talkative spirit, — those eminent men and bishops, Zoticus, from the village Comana, and Julian, from Apamea, whose mouths the followers of Themiso muzzled, refusing to permit the false and seductive spirit to be refuted by them. 5.17.4. And again after a little he says: For if after Quadratus and Ammia in Philadelphia, as they assert, the women with Montanus received the prophetic gift, let them show who among them received it from Montanus and the women. For the apostle thought it necessary that the prophetic gift should continue in all the Church until the final coming. But they cannot show it, though this is the fourteenth year since the death of Maximilla. 5.18.4. Afterwards he says: Does not all Scripture seem to you to forbid a prophet to receive gifts and money? When therefore I see the prophetess receiving gold and silver and costly garments, how can I avoid reproving her? 5.18.5. And again a little farther on he speaks thus concerning one of their confessors:So also Themiso, who was clothed with plausible covetousness, could not endure the sign of confession, but threw aside bonds for an abundance of possessions. Yet, though he should have been humble on this account, he dared to boast as a martyr, and in imitation of the apostle, he wrote a certain catholic epistle, to instruct those whose faith was better than his own, contending for words of empty sound, and blaspheming against the Lord and the apostles and the holy Church. 5.18.6. And again concerning others of those honored among them as martyrs, he writes as follows:Not to speak of many, let the prophetess herself tell us of Alexander, who called himself a martyr, with whom she is in the habit of banqueting, and who is worshipped by many. We need not mention his robberies and other daring deeds for which he was punished, but the archives contain them. 5.18.7. Which of these forgives the sins of the other? Does the prophet the robberies of the martyr, or the martyr the covetousness of the prophet? For although the Lord said, 'Provide neither gold, nor silver, neither two coats,' these men, in complete opposition, transgress in respect to the possession of the forbidden things. For we will show that those whom they call prophets and martyrs gather their gain not only from rich men, but also from the poor, and orphans, and widows. But if they are confident, let them stand up and discuss these matters, that if convicted they may hereafter cease transgressing. For the fruits of the prophet must be tried; 'for the tree is known by its fruit.' 5.18.9. But that those who wish may know concerning Alexander, he was tried by Aemilius Frontinus, proconsul at Ephesus; not on account of the Name, but for the robberies which he had committed, being already an apostate. Afterwards, having falsely declared for the name of the Lord, he was released, having deceived the faithful that were there. And his own parish, from which he came, did not receive him, because he was a robber. Those who wish to learn about him have the public records of Asia. And yet the prophet with whom he spent many years knows nothing about him! Exposing him, through him we expose also the pretense of the prophet. We could show the same thing of many others. But if they are confident, let them endure the test. 5.18.11. Again, in another part of his work he speaks as follows of the prophets of whom they boast:If they deny that their prophets have received gifts, let them acknowledge this: that if they are convicted of receiving them, they are not prophets. And we will bring a multitude of proofs of this. But it is necessary that all the fruits of a prophet should be examined. Tell me, does a prophet dye his hair? Does a prophet stain his eyelids? Does a prophet delight in adornment? Does a prophet play with tables and dice? Does a prophet lend on usury? Let them confess whether these things are lawful or not; but I will show that they have been done by them. 5.18.13. And he says also that Zoticus, who was mentioned by the former writer, when Maximilla was pretending to prophesy in Pepuza, resisted her and endeavored to refute the spirit that was working in her; but was prevented by those who agreed with her. He mentions also a certain Thraseas among the martyrs of that time.He speaks, moreover, of a tradition that the Saviour commanded his apostles not to depart from Jerusalem for twelve years. He uses testimonies also from the Revelation of John, and he relates that a dead man had, through the Divine power, been raised by John himself in Ephesus. He also adds other things by which he fully and abundantly exposes the error of the heresy of which we have been speaking. These are the matters recorded by Apollonius.
32. Nag Hammadi, The Gospel of Thomas, 27 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

33. Anon., Gospel of Thomas, 27



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adultery Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
agabus Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
alexandria,patriarchate of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
ancyra (ankara),montanism at Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
anonyma (montanist prophetess at carthage) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 136
anonyma (second montanist prophetess at carthage) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 136
anonymous (anti-montanist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96, 139
anti-phrygian (anti-montanist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
antioch,patriarchate of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
antiochene Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
apolinarius (apollinaris) of hierapolis,apollo,cult of Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
apollonius (anti-montanist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
apostle/s Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 136, 139
apostle Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
apostolate,(com)mission Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
arabic-speaking christians Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
as Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 136
asceticism McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
association dining,relationship with early christian feasting König (2012), Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture, 129
avircius marcellus Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
barnabas Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
bread Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
breaking of the bread McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
calendar Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
calendars Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 175
canon within the canon Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
charismata/spiritual gifts Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96, 136
christianity,early,feasting practices König (2012), Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture, 129
christianity,early,relationship between early christian and jewish feasting and feasting literature König (2012), Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture, 129
christians Eckhardt (2011), Jewish Identity and Politics Between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba: Groups, Normativity, and Rituals. 203
church Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
church of the east Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
collegia Eckhardt (2011), Jewish Identity and Politics Between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba: Groups, Normativity, and Rituals. 203
community Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
confession Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
cynics McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229
daughters of philip Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
diaspora Eckhardt (2011), Jewish Identity and Politics Between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba: Groups, Normativity, and Rituals. 203
divine command,refusal Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
ecstasy,ecstatic Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
ecstasy/ecstatic prophecy Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96, 136
edification Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 403
emotional responses to dreams,perplexity Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
epistemology,pauls Wilson (2022), Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency, 206
eucharist,of bread alone McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
eucharist,of bread and water McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230, 235
eucharist Eckhardt (2011), Jewish Identity and Politics Between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba: Groups, Normativity, and Rituals. 203; Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
example,of christ Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 403
exousia Wilson (2022), Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency, 205
fasting Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
feeley-harnik,gillian König (2012), Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture, 129
festivals,jewish Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
food laws,permitted and non-permitted species Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
gentile Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
gentile christians / gentile churches Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371, 382
gentleness Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 403
glossolalia Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346; Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
good (agathos) Wilson (2022), Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency, 206
gospel of the circumcision Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
gospels Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
graeco-roman (world/period) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
haftarah Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
healing Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
hellenism,hellenistic,culture/world Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
heresy/heretics Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
holiness,profanity,profanation,consecration Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
hope Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
idolatry Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
interpreters (of prophecy) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
irony Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
james (brother of jesus) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
jerusalem,patriarchate of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
jerusalem church Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
jesus (christ) (see also yeshu) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
jewish-christian group,commmunity Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
jewish-christian interactions Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
jewish practices/torah observance Wilson (2022), Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency, 205
josephus Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
judaea (roman province; see also yehud) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
judaism,asceticism McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229
judaism,mysticism McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
judaism,sabbath McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
judaize,judaizing (ioudaïzein) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
kingdom Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
law Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
law in paul Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371, 382
letters Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
liturgy,jewish Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
lords day Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
luke,gospel of; luke-acts McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
marriage (see also divorce) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
maximilla Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96, 139
meat,avoidance/prohibition McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
meat McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230
montanus Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
nature/nature Wilson (2022), Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency, 205
pagan,paganism Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
paganism/paganists Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
passover König (2012), Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture, 129
pastoral care,of christian communities Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 403
patriarchs Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
paul,as pastor Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 403
paul,colossians McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
paul,romans McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230
paul König (2012), Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture, 129; McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230
paul (apostle) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96, 139
paul (saul) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371, 382
pesach Eckhardt (2011), Jewish Identity and Politics Between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba: Groups, Normativity, and Rituals. 203
peter's vision,halakhic perspectives" Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
peter (cephas,simon –) Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 371
philip (evangelist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
pleasure Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 403
prayer Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
preaching Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
prisca/priscilla Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96, 139
prophet(ess)/prophecy/prophetic,prophetic visions,insight,and speech Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
prophetess,prophetesses Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96, 136, 139
prophetic successio Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
prophetologion Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
prophets,ot Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
pseudo-clementines McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 235
pseudo-prophecy/pseudoprophets Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
purity,impurity,defilement,cleansing,purification Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
purity,impurity,defilement,cleansing,ritual purity,ritual purity Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
pythia,the Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
quadratus (prophet) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
qumran König (2012), Saints and Symposiasts: The Literature of Food and the Symposium in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Culture, 129
reading,lectionary Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
reading,prophetic Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
reading,synagogal Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
revelation Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 136
rhetoric,rhetorical Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
ritual Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
rome,churches/christians in Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
rome,romans McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230
rome Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
rome (roma),montanism at xxx Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
sabbath Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 175; Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
sacrifice Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
second temple judaism Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
selection of readings Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
silas Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
sotas of anchialus Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
spirit,effects of,,discernment of spirits Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,discipline Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,ecstasy Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,exorcism Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,glossolalia Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,healing Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,praise Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,prayer Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,preaching/proclamation Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,prophecy Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,signs and wonders' Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,testimony Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,translocation Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,visions and dreams Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
spirit,effects of,,wisdom Frey and Levison (2014), The Holy Spirit, Inspiration, and the Cultures of Antiquity Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 346
strong McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230
stylistic and rhetorical devices,pleonasm Moxon (2017), Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective. 80
sunday Vinzent (2013), Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament, 200
temple (in jerusalem) Eckhardt (2011), Jewish Identity and Politics Between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba: Groups, Normativity, and Rituals. 203
tertullian Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 136
themiso Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
torah Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441; Beyerle and Goff (2022), Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature, 175
traditions,rabbinic Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
user value Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
valentinians/valentinianism/valentinus Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96
weak McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230
wine,avoidance/prohibition McGowan (1999), Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, 229, 230, 235
women and montanism xxix,xxxv Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 139
works of law Tomson (2019), Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries. 382
worship,early christian Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441
yom kippur Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022), Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity, 441; Eckhardt (2011), Jewish Identity and Politics Between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba: Groups, Normativity, and Rituals. 203
zoticus of cuma- Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 96