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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



8252
New Testament, Philippians, 2.16


λόγον ζωῆς ἐπέχοντες, εἰς καύχημα ἐμοὶ εἰς ἡμέραν Χριστοῦ, ὅτι οὐκ εἰς κενὸν ἔδραμον οὐδὲεἰς κενὸν ἐκοπίασα.holding up the word of life; that I may have something to boast in the day of Christ, that I didn't run in vain nor labor in vain.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

30 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 25.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

25.4. לֹא־תַחְסֹם שׁוֹר בְּדִישׁוֹ׃ 25.4. Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn."
2. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 6.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.2. יְחַיֵּנוּ מִיֹּמָיִם בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי יְקִמֵנוּ וְנִחְיֶה לְפָנָיו׃ 6.2. After two days will He revive us, On the third day He will raise us up, that we may live in His presence."
3. Hebrew Bible, Jonah, 1.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 16.10-16.11 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

16.11. תּוֹדִיעֵנִי אֹרַח חַיִּים שֹׂבַע שְׂמָחוֹת אֶת־פָּנֶיךָ נְעִמוֹת בִּימִינְךָ נֶצַח׃ 16.10. For Thou wilt not abandon my soul to the nether-world; Neither wilt Thou suffer Thy godly one to see the pit." 16.11. Thou makest me to know the path of life; In Thy presence is fulness of joy, In Thy right hand bliss for evermore."
5. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 53.4-53.12 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

53.4. אָכֵן חֳלָיֵנוּ הוּא נָשָׂא וּמַכְאֹבֵינוּ סְבָלָם וַאֲנַחְנוּ חֲשַׁבְנֻהוּ נָגוּעַ מֻכֵּה אֱלֹהִים וּמְעֻנֶּה׃ 53.5. וְהוּא מְחֹלָל מִפְּשָׁעֵנוּ מְדֻכָּא מֵעֲוֺנֹתֵינוּ מוּסַר שְׁלוֹמֵנוּ עָלָיו וּבַחֲבֻרָתוֹ נִרְפָּא־לָנוּ׃ 53.6. כֻּלָּנוּ כַּצֹּאן תָּעִינוּ אִישׁ לְדַרְכּוֹ פָּנִינוּ וַיהוָה הִפְגִּיעַ בּוֹ אֵת עֲוֺן כֻּלָּנוּ׃ 53.7. נִגַּשׂ וְהוּא נַעֲנֶה וְלֹא יִפְתַּח־פִּיו כַּשֶּׂה לַטֶּבַח יוּבָל וּכְרָחֵל לִפְנֵי גֹזְזֶיהָ נֶאֱלָמָה וְלֹא יִפְתַּח פִּיו׃ 53.8. מֵעֹצֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט לֻקָּח וְאֶת־דּוֹרוֹ מִי יְשׂוֹחֵחַ כִּי נִגְזַר מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים מִפֶּשַׁע עַמִּי נֶגַע לָמוֹ׃ 53.9. וַיִּתֵּן אֶת־רְשָׁעִים קִבְרוֹ וְאֶת־עָשִׁיר בְּמֹתָיו עַל לֹא־חָמָס עָשָׂה וְלֹא מִרְמָה בְּפִיו׃ 53.11. מֵעֲמַל נַפְשׁוֹ יִרְאֶה יִשְׂבָּע בְּדַעְתּוֹ יַצְדִּיק צַדִּיק עַבְדִּי לָרַבִּים וַעֲוֺנֹתָם הוּא יִסְבֹּל׃ 53.12. לָכֵן אֲחַלֶּק־לוֹ בָרַבִּים וְאֶת־עֲצוּמִים יְחַלֵּק שָׁלָל תַּחַת אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱרָה לַמָּוֶת נַפְשׁוֹ וְאֶת־פֹּשְׁעִים נִמְנָה וְהוּא חֵטְא־רַבִּים נָשָׂא וְלַפֹּשְׁעִים יַפְגִּיעַ׃ 53.4. Surely our diseases he did bear, and our pains he carried; Whereas we did esteem him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted." 53.5. But he was wounded because of our transgressions, He was crushed because of our iniquities: The chastisement of our welfare was upon him, And with his stripes we were healed." 53.6. All we like sheep did go astray, We turned every one to his own way; And the LORD hath made to light on him The iniquity of us all." 53.7. He was oppressed, though he humbled himself And opened not his mouth; As a lamb that is led to the slaughter, And as a sheep that before her shearers is dumb; Yea, he opened not his mouth." 53.8. By oppression and judgment he was taken away, And with his generation who did reason? For he was cut off out of the land of the living, For the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due." 53.9. And they made his grave with the wicked, And with the rich his tomb; Although he had done no violence, Neither was any deceit in his mouth.’" 53.10. Yet it pleased the LORD to crush him by disease; To see if his soul would offer itself in restitution, That he might see his seed, prolong his days, And that the purpose of the LORD might prosper by his hand:" 53.11. of the travail of his soul he shall see to the full, even My servant, Who by his knowledge did justify the Righteous One to the many, And their iniquities he did bear." 53.12. Therefore will I divide him a portion among the great, And he shall divide the spoil with the mighty; Because he bared his soul unto death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet he bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors."
6. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 3.1-3.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3.1. אנתה [אַנְתְּ] מַלְכָּא שָׂמְתָּ טְּעֵם דִּי כָל־אֱנָשׁ דִּי־יִשְׁמַע קָל קַרְנָא מַשְׁרֹקִיתָא קיתרס [קַתְרוֹס] שַׂבְּכָא פְסַנְתֵּרִין וסיפניה [וְסוּפֹּנְיָה] וְכֹל זְנֵי זְמָרָא יִפֵּל וְיִסְגֻּד לְצֶלֶם דַּהֲבָא׃ 3.1. נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר מַלְכָּא עֲבַד צְלֵם דִּי־דְהַב רוּמֵהּ אַמִּין שִׁתִּין פְּתָיֵהּ אַמִּין שִׁת אֲקִימֵהּ בְּבִקְעַת דּוּרָא בִּמְדִינַת בָּבֶל׃ 3.2. וּנְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר מַלְכָּא שְׁלַח לְמִכְנַשׁ לַאֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנַיָּא סִגְנַיָּא וּפַחֲוָתָא אֲדַרְגָּזְרַיָּא גְדָבְרַיָּא דְּתָבְרַיָּא תִּפְתָּיֵא וְכֹל שִׁלְטֹנֵי מְדִינָתָא לְמֵתֵא לַחֲנֻכַּת צַלְמָא דִּי הֲקֵים נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר מַלְכָּא׃ 3.2. וּלְגֻבְרִין גִּבָּרֵי־חַיִל דִּי בְחַיְלֵהּ אֲמַר לְכַפָּתָה לְשַׁדְרַךְ מֵישַׁךְ וַעֲבֵד נְגוֹ לְמִרְמֵא לְאַתּוּן נוּרָא יָקִדְתָּא׃ 3.1. Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits; he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon." 3.2. Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the satraps, the prefects, and the governors, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, to come to the dedication of the image which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up."
7. Anon., Didache, 13.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 18.14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

18.14. They also believe that souls have an immortal rigor in them, and that under the earth there will be rewards or punishments, according as they have lived virtuously or viciously in this life; and the latter are to be detained in an everlasting prison, but that the former shall have power to revive and live again; 18.14. Alexander had a son of the same name with his brother Tigranes, and was sent to take possession of the kingdom of Armenia by Nero; he had a son, Alexander, who married Jotape, the daughter of Antiochus, the king of Commagena; Vespasian made him king of an island in Cilicia.
9. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 2.163 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.163. and yet allow, that to act what is right, or the contrary, is principally in the power of men, although fate does cooperate in every action. They say that all souls are incorruptible, but that the souls of good men only are removed into other bodies,—but that the souls of bad men are subject to eternal punishment.
10. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 2.218 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.218. but every good man hath his own conscience bearing witness to himself, and by virtue of our legislator’s prophetic spirit, and of the firm security God himself affords such a one, he believes that God hath made this grant to those that observe these laws, even though they be obliged readily to die for them, that they shall come into being again, and at a certain revolution of things shall receive a better life than they had enjoyed before.
11. New Testament, 1 Peter, 1.13, 3.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.13. Therefore, prepare your minds for action, be sober and set your hope fully on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ -- 3.18. Because Christ also suffered for sins once, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring you to God; being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;
12. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 1.30, 4.9, 4.11-4.12, 7.23, 9.24-9.27, 13.1-13.3, 15.1, 15.10, 16.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.30. But of him, you are in ChristJesus, who was made to us wisdom from God, and righteousness andsanctification, and redemption: 4.9. For,I think that God has displayed us, the apostles, last of all, like mensentenced to death. For we are made a spectacle to the world, both toangels and men. 4.11. Even to this present hour we hunger, thirst, arenaked, are beaten, and have no certain dwelling place. 4.12. We toil,working with our own hands. Being reviled, we bless. Being persecuted,we endure. 7.23. You were bought witha price. Don't become bondservants of men. 9.24. Don't youknow that those who run in a race all run, but one receives the prize?Run like that, that you may win. 9.25. Every man who strives in thegames exercises self-control in all things. Now they do it to receive acorruptible crown, but we an incorruptible. 9.26. I therefore run likethat, as not uncertainly. I fight like that, as not beating the air 9.27. but I beat my body and bring it into submission, lest by anymeans, after I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected. 13.1. If I speak with the languages of men and of angels, but don'thave love, I have become sounding brass, or a clanging cymbal. 13.2. If I have the gift of prophecy, and know all mysteries and allknowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, butdon't have love, I am nothing. 13.3. If I dole out all my goods tofeed the poor, and if I give my body to be burned, but don't have love,it profits me nothing. 15.1. Now I declare to you, brothers, the gospel which I preachedto you, which also you received, in which you also stand 15.10. But by the grace of God I amwhat I am. His grace which was bestowed on me was not futile, but Iworked more than all of them; yet not I, but the grace of God which waswith me. 16.16. that you also be insubjection to such, and to everyone who helps in the work and labors.
13. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 2.19, 5.10, 5.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.19. For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Isn't it even you, before our Lord Jesus at his coming? 5.10. who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him. 5.12. But we beg you, brothers, to know those who labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you
14. New Testament, 1 Timothy, 3.2-3.4, 4.16, 6.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.2. The overseer therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, sensible, modest, hospitable, good at teaching; 3.3. not a drinker, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous; 3.4. one who rules his own house well, having children in subjection with all reverence; 4.16. Pay attention to yourself, and to your teaching. Continue in these things, for in doing this you will save both yourself and those who hear you. 6.20. Timothy, guard that which is committed to you, turning away from the empty chatter and oppositions of the knowledge which is falsely so called;
15. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 4.14, 6.3-6.10, 8.24, 12.9-12.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

16. New Testament, 2 Thessalonians, 1.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.4. so that we ourselves boast about you in the assemblies of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and in the afflictions which you endure.
17. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 1.13-1.14, 2.5, 3.14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.13. Hold the pattern of sound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. 1.14. That good thing which was committed to you, guard through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us. 2.5. Also, if anyone competes in athletics, he isn't crowned unless he has competed by the rules. 3.14. But you remain in the things which you have learned and have been assured of, knowing from whom you have learned them.
18. New Testament, Acts, 10.34 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10.34. Peter opened his mouth and said, "Truly I perceive that God doesn't show favoritism;
19. New Testament, Colossians, None (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.29. for which I also labor, striving according to his working, which works in me mightily.
20. New Testament, Ephesians, 4.26 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.26. Be angry, and don't sin." Don't let the sun go down on your wrath
21. New Testament, Galatians, None (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.10. For am I now seeking thefavor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? For if I werestill pleasing men, I wouldn't be a servant of Christ.
22. New Testament, Hebrews, 7.27, 10.12, 12.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7.27. who doesn't need, like those high priests, to daily offer up sacrifices, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. For this he did once for all, when he offered up himself. 10.12. but he, when he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; 12.11. All chastening seems for the present to be not joyous but grievous; yet afterward it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who have been exercised thereby.
23. New Testament, Philippians, 1.6, 1.10-1.11, 1.20, 1.27, 2.6-2.13, 2.15, 3.9, 3.12-3.14, 3.18, 3.20, 4.1, 4.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.6. being confident of this very thing, that he who began a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ. 1.10. so that you may approve the things that are excellent; that you may be sincere and without offense to the day of Christ; 1.11. being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God. 1.20. according to my earnest expectation and hope, that I will in no way be put to shame, but with all boldness, as always, now also Christ will be magnified in my body, whether by life, or by death. 1.27. Only let your manner of life be worthy of the gospel of Christ, that, whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of your state, that you stand firm in one spirit, with one soul striving for the faith of the gospel; 2.6. who, existing in the form of God, didn't consider it robbery to be equal with God 2.7. but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men. 2.8. And being found in human form, he humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, yes, the death of the cross. 2.9. Therefore God also highly exalted him, and gave to him the name which is above every name; 2.10. that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, those on earth, and those under the earth 2.11. and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. 2.12. So then, my beloved, even as you have always obeyed, not only in my presence, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. 2.13. For it is God who works in you both to will and to work, for his good pleasure. 2.15. that you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you are seen as lights in the world 3.9. and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own, that which is of the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; 3.12. Not that I have already obtained, or am already made perfect; but I press on, if it is so that I may take hold of that for which also I was taken hold of by Christ Jesus. 3.13. Brothers, I don't regard myself as yet having taken hold, but one thing I do. Forgetting the things which are behind, and stretching forward to the things which are before 3.14. I press on toward the goal for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. 3.18. For many walk, of whom I told you often, and now tell you even weeping, as the enemies of the cross of Christ 3.20. For our citizenship is in heaven, from where we also wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; 4.1. Therefore, my brothers, beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand firm in the Lord, my beloved. 4.19. My God will supply every need of yours according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus.
24. New Testament, Romans, 2.11, 3.24, 4.25, 5.6, 5.8-5.10, 6.16-6.22, 7.14, 7.25, 8.11, 8.15, 8.23, 9.16, 16.6, 16.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.11. For there is no partiality with God. 3.24. being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus; 4.25. who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our justification. 5.6. For while we were yet weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. 5.8. But God commends his own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. 5.9. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we will be saved from God's wrath through him. 5.10. For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we will be saved by his life. 6.16. Don't you know that to whom you present yourselves as servants to obedience, his servants you are whom you obey; whether of sin to death, or of obedience to righteousness? 6.17. But thanks be to God, that, whereas you were bondservants of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching whereunto you were delivered. 6.18. Being made free from sin, you became bondservants of righteousness. 6.19. I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh, for as you presented your members as servants to uncleanness and to wickedness upon wickedness, even so now present your members as servants to righteousness for sanctification. 6.20. For when you were servants of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. 6.21. What fruit then did you have at that time in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. 6.22. But now, being made free from sin, and having become servants of God, you have your fruit of sanctification, and the result of eternal life. 7.14. For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am fleshly, sold under sin. 7.25. I thank God through Jesus Christ, our Lord! So then with the mind, I myself serve God's law, but with the flesh, the sin's law. 8.11. But if the Spirit of him who raised up Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised up Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you. 8.15. For you didn't receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption, by whom we cry, "Abba! Father! 8.23. Not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for adoption, the redemption of our body. 9.16. So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who has mercy. 16.6. Greet Mary, who labored much for us. 16.12. Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Greet Persis, the beloved, who labored much in the Lord.
25. New Testament, Titus, 1.3, 1.7-1.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.3. but in his own time revealed his word in the message with which I was entrusted according to the commandment of God our Savior; 1.7. For the overseer must be blameless, as God's steward; not self-pleasing, not easily angered, not given to wine, not violent, not greedy for dishonest gain; 1.8. but given to hospitality, as a lover of good, sober-minded, fair, holy, self-controlled; 1.9. holding to the faithful word which is according to the teaching, that he may be able to exhort in the sound doctrine, and to convict those who contradict him.
26. New Testament, Luke, 1.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.18. Zacharias said to the angel, "How can I be sure of this? For I am an old man, and my wife is well advanced in years.
27. New Testament, Mark, 10.45, 14.22-14.24 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10.45. For the Son of Man also came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many. 14.22. As they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had blessed, he broke it, and gave to them, and said, "Take, eat. This is my body. 14.23. He took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave to them. They all drank of it. 14.24. He said to them, "This is my blood of the new covet, which is poured out for many.
28. New Testament, Matthew, 10.29, 27.55 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10.29. Aren't two sparrows sold for an assarion? Not one of them falls on the ground apart from your Father's will 27.55. Many women were there watching from afar, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, serving him.
29. Hippolytus, Refutation of All Heresies, 9 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

30. Tertullian, Prescription Against Heretics, 13 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
acts of philip, mariamne in Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
acts of philip, martha in Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
acts of philip Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
anatrophe, of macrina Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
antichrist Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 109
antoninus pius Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
apostles Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
arians Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
athletic metaphor, and martyrdom Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
athletic metaphor, biblical application Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
athletics/training Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
augustine Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
authority Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 109
bearers Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
birth Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
blood Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
body, views of Keener, First-Second Corinthians (2005) 123
body in paul, heavenly bodies in paul Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 42
bread Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
christ, and pneuma Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 42
clement of alexandria Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
colossians Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou, Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome (2021) 177
community Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
covenant Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
creation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
creator Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
cross Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
dualism Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
encounter Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
ephesians Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou, Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome (2021) 177
first day of the week Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
freedom (eleutheria) Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
friendship in paul Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
gender Keener, First-Second Corinthians (2005) 123
gnostics Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
greco-roman Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
grief Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
heresy Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
intermediates Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
jewish practices/torah observance, circumcision Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
judaizing Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
judgement Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
just Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
language Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
law Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou, Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome (2021) 177; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
life in the present, in the light of the future Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 42
liturgy Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
lucius Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
lucius verus Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
manichaeans Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
marc aurel Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
martha anxious, worried, troubled Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
martha contrasted with mary, diakonia of Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
martyr Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
martyrology, christian Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 303
mary Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
melito Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
metaphor Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou, Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome (2021) 177
neoplatonists Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
noët of smyrna Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 109
papias of hierapolis Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
pastoral epistles, the, concern with right teaching Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 162
paul, adversaries Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 162
paul, and jewish religious discourse Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
paul, apostolic paradigm Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 303
paul, boasting Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 303
paul, body burned Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 303
paul, discourse Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
paul, epistles of Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
paul, his tripartite world-view Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 42
paul, succession from Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 162
paul Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
pauline writings Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
paulinism Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
performance Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou, Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome (2021) 177
persecution Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
peter Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
philo of alexandria Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
photinians Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
pneuma (spirit) in paul, as a material phenomenon in paul Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 42
pneuma (spirit) in paul, as working in pauls body Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 42
pneuma (spirit) in paul, in philippians Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 42
politeuesthai/politeuma in paul Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
polycarp, use of 2 thessalonians Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 113
polycarp, use of philippians Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 113
polycarp Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
power Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
practice, and body Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
presbyter, salary Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 162
progression in paul Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
prophets Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
rabbis Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
resurrection, ancient views of Keener, First-Second Corinthians (2005) 123
resurrection Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
rome Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
sabellians Stroumsa, Hidden Widsom: Esoteric Traditions and the Roots of Christian Mysticism (1996) 144
salvation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
self-sufficiency, in paul Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (2010) 186
slavery Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
socrates Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
soul, resurrection Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
stephen Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108
sun Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 109
telos Wilson, Paul and the Jewish Law: A Stoic Ethical Perspective on his Inconsistency (2022) 101
terminology Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
thecla Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
thought, glory as pride Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 303
thought, martyr Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 303
timothy, rhetorical function Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 162
tryphaena and tryphosa Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
twelve Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109
virtue, perfection Gray, Gregory of Nyssa as Biographer: Weaving Lives for Virtuous Readers (2021) 82
women, ministry of' Ernst, Martha from the Margins: The Authority of Martha in Early Christian Tradition (2009) 262
women Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 108, 109