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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



8250
New Testament, Galatians, 3.7


Γινώσκετε ἄρα ὅτι οἱ ἐκ πίστεως, οὗτοι υἱοί εἰσιν Ἀβραάμ.Know therefore that those whoare of faith, the same are sons of Abraham.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

22 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 32.21 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

32.21. הֵם קִנְאוּנִי בְלֹא־אֵל כִּעֲסוּנִי בְּהַבְלֵיהֶם וַאֲנִי אַקְנִיאֵם בְּלֹא־עָם בְּגוֹי נָבָל אַכְעִיסֵם׃ 32.21. They have roused Me to jealousy with a no-god; They have provoked Me with their vanities; And I will rouse them to jealousy with a no-people; I will provoke them with a vile nation."
2. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 7.11, 14.19, 22.20 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

7.11. וַיִּקְרָא גַּם־פַּרְעֹה לַחֲכָמִים וְלַמְכַשְּׁפִים וַיַּעֲשׂוּ גַם־הֵם חַרְטֻמֵּי מִצְרַיִם בְּלַהֲטֵיהֶם כֵּן׃ 14.19. וַיִּסַּע מַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים הַהֹלֵךְ לִפְנֵי מַחֲנֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֵּלֶךְ מֵאַחֲרֵיהֶם וַיִּסַּע עַמּוּד הֶעָנָן מִפְּנֵיהֶם וַיַּעֲמֹד מֵאַחֲרֵיהֶם׃ 7.11. Then Pharaoh also called for the wise men and the sorcerers; and they also, the magicians of Egypt, did in like manner with their secret arts." 14.19. And the angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud removed from before them, and stood behind them;" 22.20. And a stranger shalt thou not wrong, neither shalt thou oppress him; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt."
3. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 12.2-12.3, 12.7, 13.3-13.4, 13.14-13.17, 15.2, 15.5-15.6, 15.8, 15.17-15.18, 17.19, 18.18, 19.12-19.26, 21.2, 49.8-49.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

12.2. וַיְצַו עָלָיו פַּרְעֹה אֲנָשִׁים וַיְשַׁלְּחוּ אֹתוֹ וְאֶת־אִשְׁתּוֹ וְאֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ׃ 12.2. וְאֶעֶשְׂךָ לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל וַאֲבָרֶכְךָ וַאֲגַדְּלָה שְׁמֶךָ וֶהְיֵה בְּרָכָה׃ 12.3. וַאֲבָרֲכָה מְבָרְכֶיךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ אָאֹר וְנִבְרְכוּ בְךָ כֹּל מִשְׁפְּחֹת הָאֲדָמָה׃ 12.7. וַיֵּרָא יְהוָה אֶל־אַבְרָם וַיֹּאמֶר לְזַרְעֲךָ אֶתֵּן אֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת וַיִּבֶן שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָה הַנִּרְאֶה אֵלָיו׃ 13.3. וַיֵּלֶךְ לְמַסָּעָיו מִנֶּגֶב וְעַד־בֵּית־אֵל עַד־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־הָיָה שָׁם אהלה [אָהֳלוֹ] בַּתְּחִלָּה בֵּין בֵּית־אֵל וּבֵין הָעָי׃ 13.4. אֶל־מְקוֹם הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה שָׁם בָּרִאשֹׁנָה וַיִּקְרָא שָׁם אַבְרָם בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה׃ 13.14. וַיהוָה אָמַר אֶל־אַבְרָם אַחֲרֵי הִפָּרֶד־לוֹט מֵעִמּוֹ שָׂא נָא עֵינֶיךָ וּרְאֵה מִן־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה שָׁם צָפֹנָה וָנֶגְבָּה וָקֵדְמָה וָיָמָּה׃ 13.15. כִּי אֶת־כָּל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה רֹאֶה לְךָ אֶתְּנֶנָּה וּלְזַרְעֲךָ עַד־עוֹלָם׃ 13.16. וְשַׂמְתִּי אֶת־זַרְעֲךָ כַּעֲפַר הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אִם־יוּכַל אִישׁ לִמְנוֹת אֶת־עֲפַר הָאָרֶץ גַּם־זַרְעֲךָ יִמָּנֶה׃ 13.17. קוּם הִתְהַלֵּךְ בָּאָרֶץ לְאָרְכָּהּ וּלְרָחְבָּהּ כִּי לְךָ אֶתְּנֶנָּה׃ 15.2. וְאֶת־הַחִתִּי וְאֶת־הַפְּרִזִּי וְאֶת־הָרְפָאִים׃ 15.2. וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם אֲדֹנָי יֱהוִה מַה־תִּתֶּן־לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן־מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר׃ 15.5. וַיּוֹצֵא אֹתוֹ הַחוּצָה וַיֹּאמֶר הַבֶּט־נָא הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וּסְפֹר הַכּוֹכָבִים אִם־תּוּכַל לִסְפֹּר אֹתָם וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ כֹּה יִהְיֶה זַרְעֶךָ׃ 15.6. וְהֶאֱמִן בַּיהוָה וַיַּחְשְׁבֶהָ לּוֹ צְדָקָה׃ 15.8. וַיֹּאמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהוִה בַּמָּה אֵדַע כִּי אִירָשֶׁנָּה׃ 15.17. וַיְהִי הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ בָּאָה וַעֲלָטָה הָיָה וְהִנֵּה תַנּוּר עָשָׁן וְלַפִּיד אֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר עָבַר בֵּין הַגְּזָרִים הָאֵלֶּה׃ 15.18. בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כָּרַת יְהוָה אֶת־אַבְרָם בְּרִית לֵאמֹר לְזַרְעֲךָ נָתַתִּי אֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת מִנְּהַר מִצְרַיִם עַד־הַנָּהָר הַגָּדֹל נְהַר־פְּרָת׃ 17.19. וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים אֲבָל שָׂרָה אִשְׁתְּךָ יֹלֶדֶת לְךָ בֵּן וְקָרָאתָ אֶת־שְׁמוֹ יִצְחָק וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אִתּוֹ לִבְרִית עוֹלָם לְזַרְעוֹ אַחֲרָיו׃ 18.18. וְאַבְרָהָם הָיוֹ יִהְיֶה לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל וְעָצוּם וְנִבְרְכוּ בוֹ כֹּל גּוֹיֵי הָאָרֶץ׃ 19.12. וַיֹּאמְרוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים אֶל־לוֹט עֹד מִי־לְךָ פֹה חָתָן וּבָנֶיךָ וּבְנֹתֶיךָ וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר־לְךָ בָּעִיר הוֹצֵא מִן־הַמָּקוֹם׃ 19.13. כִּי־מַשְׁחִתִים אֲנַחְנוּ אֶת־הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה כִּי־גָדְלָה צַעֲקָתָם אֶת־פְּנֵי יְהוָה וַיְשַׁלְּחֵנוּ יְהוָה לְשַׁחֲתָהּ׃ 19.14. וַיֵּצֵא לוֹט וַיְדַבֵּר אֶל־חֲתָנָיו לֹקְחֵי בְנֹתָיו וַיֹּאמֶר קוּמוּ צְּאוּ מִן־הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה כִּי־מַשְׁחִית יְהוָה אֶת־הָעִיר וַיְהִי כִמְצַחֵק בְּעֵינֵי חֲתָנָיו׃ 19.15. וּכְמוֹ הַשַּׁחַר עָלָה וַיָּאִיצוּ הַמַּלְאָכִים בְּלוֹט לֵאמֹר קוּם קַח אֶת־אִשְׁתְּךָ וְאֶת־שְׁתֵּי בְנֹתֶיךָ הַנִּמְצָאֹת פֶּן־תִּסָּפֶה בַּעֲוֺן הָעִיר׃ 19.16. וַיִּתְמַהְמָהּ וַיַּחֲזִקוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים בְּיָדוֹ וּבְיַד־אִשְׁתּוֹ וּבְיַד שְׁתֵּי בְנֹתָיו בְּחֶמְלַת יְהוָה עָלָיו וַיֹּצִאֻהוּ וַיַּנִּחֻהוּ מִחוּץ לָעִיר׃ 19.17. וַיְהִי כְהוֹצִיאָם אֹתָם הַחוּצָה וַיֹּאמֶר הִמָּלֵט עַל־נַפְשֶׁךָ אַל־תַּבִּיט אַחֲרֶיךָ וְאַל־תַּעֲמֹד בְּכָל־הַכִּכָּר הָהָרָה הִמָּלֵט פֶּן־תִּסָּפֶה׃ 19.18. וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹט אֲלֵהֶם אַל־נָא אֲדֹנָי׃ 19.19. הִנֵּה־נָא מָצָא עַבְדְּךָ חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ וַתַּגְדֵּל חַסְדְּךָ אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָ עִמָּדִי לְהַחֲיוֹת אֶת־נַפְשִׁי וְאָנֹכִי לֹא אוּכַל לְהִמָּלֵט הָהָרָה פֶּן־תִּדְבָּקַנִי הָרָעָה וָמַתִּי׃ 19.21. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו הִנֵּה נָשָׂאתִי פָנֶיךָ גַּם לַדָּבָר הַזֶּה לְבִלְתִּי הָפְכִּי אֶת־הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ׃ 19.22. מַהֵר הִמָּלֵט שָׁמָּה כִּי לֹא אוּכַל לַעֲשׂוֹת דָּבָר עַד־בֹּאֲךָ שָׁמָּה עַל־כֵּן קָרָא שֵׁם־הָעִיר צוֹעַר׃ 19.23. הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ יָצָא עַל־הָאָרֶץ וְלוֹט בָּא צֹעֲרָה׃ 19.24. וַיהוָה הִמְטִיר עַל־סְדֹם וְעַל־עֲמֹרָה גָּפְרִית וָאֵשׁ מֵאֵת יְהוָה מִן־הַשָּׁמָיִם׃ 19.25. וַיַּהֲפֹךְ אֶת־הֶעָרִים הָאֵל וְאֵת כָּל־הַכִּכָּר וְאֵת כָּל־יֹשְׁבֵי הֶעָרִים וְצֶמַח הָאֲדָמָה׃ 19.26. וַתַּבֵּט אִשְׁתּוֹ מֵאַחֲרָיו וַתְּהִי נְצִיב מֶלַח׃ 21.2. וַיְהִי אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הַנַּעַר וַיִּגְדָּל וַיֵּשֶׁב בַּמִּדְבָּר וַיְהִי רֹבֶה קַשָּׁת׃ 21.2. וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד שָׂרָה לְאַבְרָהָם בֵּן לִזְקֻנָיו לַמּוֹעֵד אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר אֹתוֹ אֱלֹהִים׃ 49.8. יְהוּדָה אַתָּה יוֹדוּךָ אַחֶיךָ יָדְךָ בְּעֹרֶף אֹיְבֶיךָ יִשְׁתַּחֲוּוּ לְךָ בְּנֵי אָבִיךָ׃ 49.9. גּוּר אַרְיֵה יְהוּדָה מִטֶּרֶף בְּנִי עָלִיתָ כָּרַע רָבַץ כְּאַרְיֵה וּכְלָבִיא מִי יְקִימֶנּוּ׃ 12.2. And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and be thou a blessing." 12.3. And I will bless them that bless thee, and him that curseth thee will I curse; and in thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed.’" 12.7. And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said: ‘Unto thy seed will I give this land’; and he builded there an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him." 13.3. And he went on his journeys from the South even to Beth-el, unto the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Beth-el and Ai;" 13.4. unto the place of the altar, which he had made there at the first; and Abram called there on the name of the LORD." 13.14. And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him: ‘Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art, northward and southward and eastward and westward;" 13.15. for all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever." 13.16. And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth; so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered." 13.17. Arise, walk through the land in the length of it and in the breadth of it; for unto thee will I give it.’" 15.2. And Abram said: ‘O Lord GOD, what wilt Thou give me, seeing I go hence childless, and he that shall be possessor of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?’" 15.5. And He brought him forth abroad, and said: ‘Look now toward heaven, and count the stars, if thou be able to count them’; and He said unto him: ‘So shall thy seed be.’" 15.6. And he believed in the LORD; and He counted it to him for righteousness." 15.8. And he said: ‘O Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?’" 15.17. And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and there was thick darkness, behold a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch that passed between these pieces." 15.18. In that day the LORD made a covet with Abram, saying: ‘Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates;" 17.19. And God said: ‘‘Nay, but Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son; and thou shalt call his name Isaac; and I will establish My covet with him for an everlasting covet for his seed after him." 18.18. seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?" 19.12. And the men said unto Lot: ‘Hast thou here any besides? son-in-law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whomsoever thou hast in the city; bring them out of the place;" 19.13. for we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxed great before the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.’" 19.14. And Lot went out, and spoke unto his sons-in-law, who married his daughters, and said: ‘Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy the city.’ But he seemed unto his sons-in-law as one that jested." 19.15. And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying: ‘Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters that are here; lest thou be swept away in the iniquity of the city.’" 19.16. But he lingered; and the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him. And they brought him forth, and set him without the city." 19.17. And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said: ‘Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the Plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be swept away.’" 19.18. And Lot said unto them: ‘Oh, not so, my lord;" 19.19. behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shown unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest the evil overtake me, and I die." 19.20. Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one; oh, let me escape thither—is it not a little one?—and my soul shall live.’" 19.21. And he said unto him: ‘See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow the city of which thou hast spoken." 19.22. Hasten thou, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither.’—Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.—" 19.23. The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot came unto Zoar." 19.24. Then the LORD caused to rain upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;" 19.25. and He overthrow those cities, and all the Plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground." 19.26. But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt." 21.2. And Sarah conceived, and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him." 49.8. Judah, thee shall thy brethren praise; Thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; Thy father’s sons shall bow down before thee." 49.9. Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, thou art gone up. He stooped down, he couched as a lion, And as a lioness; who shall rouse him up?" 49.10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, As long as men come to Shiloh; And unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be."
4. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 52.7, 57.19 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

52.7. מַה־נָּאווּ עַל־הֶהָרִים רַגְלֵי מְבַשֵּׂר מַשְׁמִיעַ שָׁלוֹם מְבַשֵּׂר טוֹב מַשְׁמִיעַ יְשׁוּעָה אֹמֵר לְצִיּוֹן מָלַךְ אֱלֹהָיִךְ׃ 57.19. בּוֹרֵא נוב [נִיב] שְׂפָתָיִם שָׁלוֹם שָׁלוֹם לָרָחוֹק וְלַקָּרוֹב אָמַר יְהוָה וּרְפָאתִיו׃ 52.7. How beautiful upon the mountains Are the feet of the messenger of good tidings, That announceth peace, the harbinger of good tidings, That announceth salvation; That saith unto Zion: ‘Thy God reigneth! ’" 57.19. Peace, peace, to him that is far off and to him that is near, Saith the LORD that createth the fruit of the lips; And I will heal him."
5. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 5.5, 10.17, 11.25, 12.12-12.28, 15.21-15.22, 15.42-15.49, 15.55-15.56 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.5. are to deliver such a one to Satan for thedestruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day ofthe Lord Jesus. 10.17. Because we, who are many, are one bread, one body; forwe all partake of the one bread. 11.25. In the same way he also took the cup, after supper,saying, "This cup is the new covet in my blood. Do this, as often asyou drink, in memory of me. 12.12. For as the body is one, and has many members, and all themembers of the body, being many, are one body; so also is Christ. 12.13. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whetherJews or Greeks, whether bond or free; and were all given to drink intoone Spirit. 12.14. For the body is not one member, but many. 12.15. If the foot would say, "Because I'm not the hand, I'm not part of thebody," it is not therefore not part of the body. 12.16. If the earwould say, "Because I'm not the eye, I'm not part of the body," it'snot therefore not part of the body. 12.17. If the whole body were aneye, where would the hearing be? If the whole were hearing, where wouldthe smelling be? 12.18. But now God has set the members, each one ofthem, in the body, just as he desired. 12.19. If they were all onemember, where would the body be? 12.20. But now they are many members,but one body. 12.21. The eye can't tell the hand, "I have no need foryou," or again the head to the feet, "I have no need for you. 12.22. No, much rather, those members of the body which seem to be weaker arenecessary. 12.23. Those parts of the body which we think to be lesshonorable, on those we bestow more abundant honor; and ourunpresentable parts have more abundant propriety; 12.24. whereas ourpresentable parts have no such need. But God composed the bodytogether, giving more abundant honor to the inferior part 12.25. thatthere should be no division in the body, but that the members shouldhave the same care for one another. 12.26. When one member suffers,all the members suffer with it. Or when one member is honored, all themembers rejoice with it. 12.27. Now you are the body of Christ, and members individually. 12.28. God has set some in the assembly: first apostles, secondprophets, third teachers, then miracle workers, then gifts of healings,helps, governments, and various kinds of languages. 15.21. For since death came byman, the resurrection of the dead also came by man. 15.22. For as inAdam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 15.42. So also is the resurrection of the dead.It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption. 15.43. It issown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it israised in power. 15.44. It is sown a natural body; it is raised aspiritual body. There is a natural body and there is also a spiritualbody. 15.45. So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a livingsoul." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 15.46. However thatwhich is spiritual isn't first, but that which is natural, then thatwhich is spiritual. 15.47. The first man is of the earth, made ofdust. The second man is the Lord from heaven. 15.48. As is the onemade of dust, such are those who are also made of dust; and as is theheavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 15.49. As we haveborne the image of those made of dust, let's also bear the image of theheavenly. 15.55. Death, where is your sting?Hades, where is your victory? 15.56. The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law.
6. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 3.2-3.3, 3.5, 3.10, 4.13-4.18, 5.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.2. and sent Timothy, our brother and God's servant in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith; 3.3. that no one be moved by these afflictions. For you know that we are appointed to this task. 3.5. For this cause I also, when I couldn't stand it any longer, sent that I might know your faith, for fear that by any means the tempter had tempted you, and our labor would have been in vain. 3.10. night and day praying exceedingly that we may see your face, and may perfect that which is lacking in your faith? 4.13. But we don't want you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning those who have fallen asleep, so that you don't grieve like the rest, who have no hope. 4.14. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so those who have fallen asleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 4.15. For this we tell you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left to the coming of the Lord, will in no way precede those who have fallen asleep. 4.16. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with God's trumpet. The dead in Christ will rise first 4.17. then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air. So we will be with the Lord forever. 4.18. Therefore comfort one another with these words. 5.10. who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.
7. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, None (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8. New Testament, Acts, 1.6-1.11, 2.41, 2.46-2.47, 3.25, 4.4, 7.2, 13.26, 15.1-15.21, 21.20 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.6. Therefore, when they had come together, they asked him, "Lord, are you now restoring the kingdom to Israel? 1.7. He said to them, "It isn't for you to know times or seasons which the Father has set within His own authority. 1.8. But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come on you. You will be witnesses to me in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the uttermost parts of the earth. 1.9. When he had said these things, as they were looking, he was taken up, and a cloud received him out of their sight. 1.10. While they were looking steadfastly into the sky as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white clothing 1.11. who also said, "You men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who was received up from you into the sky will come back in the same way as you saw him going into the sky. 2.41. Then those who gladly received his word were baptized. There were added that day about three thousand souls. 2.46. Day by day, continuing steadfastly with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread at home, they took their food with gladness and singleness of heart 2.47. praising God, and having favor with all the people. The Lord added to the assembly day by day those who were being saved. 3.25. You are the sons of the prophets, and of the covet which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham, 'In your seed will all the families of the earth be blessed.' 4.4. But many of those who heard the word believed, and the number of the men came to be about five thousand. 7.2. He said, "Brothers and fathers, listen. The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran 13.26. Brothers, children of the stock of Abraham, and those among you who fear God, the word of this salvation is sent out to you. 15.1. Some men came down from Judea and taught the brothers, "Unless you are circumcised after the custom of Moses, you can't be saved. 15.2. Therefore when Paul and Barnabas had no small discord and discussion with them, they appointed Paul and Barnabas, and some others of them, to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and elders about this question. 15.3. They, being sent on their way by the assembly, passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles. They caused great joy to all the brothers. 15.4. When they had come to Jerusalem, they were received by the assembly and the apostles and the elders, and they reported all things that God had done with them. 15.5. But some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose up, saying, "It is necessary to circumcise them, and to charge them to keep the law of Moses. 15.6. The apostles and the elders were gathered together to see about this matter. 15.7. When there had been much discussion, Peter rose up and said to them, "Brothers, you know that a good while ago God made choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel, and believe. 15.8. God, who knows the heart, testified about them, giving them the Holy Spirit, just like he did to us. 15.9. He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. 15.10. Now therefore why do you tempt God, that you should put a yoke on the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? 15.11. But we believe that we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, just as they are. 15.12. All the multitude kept silence, and they listened to Barnabas and Paul reporting what signs and wonders God had done among the Gentiles through them. 15.13. After they were silent, James answered, "Brothers, listen to me. 15.14. Simeon has reported how God first visited the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. 15.15. This agrees with the words of the prophets. As it is written 15.16. 'After these things I will return. I will again build the tent of David, which has fallen. I will again build its ruins. I will set it up 15.17. That the rest of men may seek after the Lord; All the Gentiles who are called by my name, Says the Lord, who does all these things. 15.18. All his works are known to God from eternity.' 15.19. Therefore my judgment is that we don't trouble those from among the Gentiles who turn to God 15.20. but that we write to them that they abstain from the pollution of idols, from sexual immorality, from what is strangled, and from blood. 15.21. For Moses from generations of old has in every city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath. 21.20. They, when they heard it, glorified God. They said to him, "You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed, and they are all zealous for the law.
9. New Testament, Apocalypse, 10.7 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10.7. but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as he declared to his servants, the prophets.
10. New Testament, James, 2.21, 2.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.21. Wasn't Abraham our father justified by works, in that he offered up Isaac his son on the altar? 2.23. and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him as righteousness;" and he was called the friend of God.
11. New Testament, Colossians, 1.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.16. For by him were all things created, in the heavens and on the earth, things visible and things invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things have been created through him, and for him.
12. New Testament, Ephesians, 2.11-2.22, 3.9-3.11, 4.11-4.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.11. Therefore remember that once you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called "uncircumcision" by that which is called "circumcision," (in the flesh, made by hands); 2.12. that you were at that time separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covets of the promise, having no hope and without God in the world. 2.13. But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off are made near in the blood of Christ. 2.14. For he is our peace, who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition 2.15. having abolished in the flesh the hostility, the law of commandments contained in ordices, that he might create in himself one new man of the two, making peace; 2.16. and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, having killed the hostility thereby. 2.17. He came and preached peace to you who were far off and to those who were near. 2.18. For through him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. 2.19. So then you are no longer strangers and sojourners, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God 2.20. being built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief cornerstone; 2.21. in whom the whole building, fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord; 2.22. in whom you also are built together for a habitation of God in the Spirit. 3.9. and to make all men see what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God, who created all things through Jesus Christ; 3.10. to the intent that now through the assembly the manifold wisdom of God might be made known to the principalities and the powers in the heavenly places 3.11. according to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord; 4.11. He gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, shepherds and teachers; 4.12. for the perfecting of the saints, to the work of serving, to the building up of the body of Christ; 4.13. until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a full grown man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ; 4.14. that we may no longer be children, tossed back and forth and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in craftiness, after the wiles of error; 4.15. but speaking truth in love, we may grow up in all things into him, who is the head, Christ; 4.16. from whom all the body, being fitted and knit together through that which every joint supplies, according to the working in measure of each individual part, makes the body increase to the building up of itself in love.
13. New Testament, Galatians, 1.4, 1.5, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.13, 1.14, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11, 2.12, 2.13, 2.14, 2.15, 2.16, 2.17, 2.18, 2.19, 2.20, 2.21, 3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 3.18, 3.19, 3.20, 3.21, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24, 3.25, 3.26, 3.27, 3.28, 3.29, 4, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.21, 4.21-5.1, 4.22, 4.23, 4.24, 4.25, 4.26, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.16, 5.17, 5.18, 5.19, 5.20, 5.21, 5.22, 5.23, 5.24, 5.25, 6.8, 6.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.10. For am I now seeking thefavor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? For if I werestill pleasing men, I wouldn't be a servant of Christ.
14. New Testament, Hebrews, 1.4-1.14, 2.2-2.3, 2.16, 7.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.4. having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have. 1.5. For to which of the angels did he say at any time, "You are my Son, Today have I become your father?"and again, "I will be to him a Father, And he will be to me a Son? 1.6. Again, when he brings in the firstborn into the world he says, "Let all the angels of God worship him. 1.7. of the angels he says, "Who makes his angels winds, And his servants a flame of fire. 1.8. but of the Son he says, "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; The scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. 1.9. You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows. 1.10. And, "You, Lord, in the beginning, laid the foundation of the earth. The heavens are the works of your hands. 1.11. They will perish, but you continue. They all will grow old like a garment does. 1.12. As a mantle you will roll them up, And they will be changed; But you are the same. Your years will not fail. 1.13. But of which of the angels has he said at any time, "Sit at my right hand, Until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet? 1.14. Aren't they all ministering spirits, sent out to do service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation? 2.2. For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense; 2.3. how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation -- which at the first having been spoken through the Lord, was confirmed to us by those who heard; 2.16. For most assuredly, not to angels does he give help, but he gives help to the seed of Abraham. 7.5. They indeed of the sons of Levi who receive the priest's office have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brothers, though these have come out of the loins of Abraham
15. New Testament, Philippians, 1.1, 3.3, 3.5-3.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul and Timothy, servants of Jesus Christ; To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the overseers and deacons: 3.3. For we are the circumcision, who worship God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh; 3.5. circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; concerning the law, a Pharisee; 3.6. concerning zeal, persecuting the assembly; concerning the righteousness which is in the law, found blameless.
16. New Testament, Romans, 1.1, 1.3, 1.4, 1.16-2.29, 2.28, 2.29, 3.20, 3.21, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24, 3.25, 3.26, 3.27, 3.28, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17, 4.18, 4.19, 4.20, 4.21, 4.22, 4.23, 4.24, 4.25, 5.12, 5.13, 5.14, 5.15, 5.16, 5.17, 5.18, 5.19, 5.20, 5.21, 6.4, 6.6, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, 8.4, 8.5, 8.10, 8.11, 8.12, 8.13, 9, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.8, 9.25, 9.26, 9.27, 9.28, 9.29, 9.30, 9.31, 9.32, 9.33, 10, 10.19, 11, 11.1, 11.4, 11.5, 11.17, 11.18, 11.19, 11.20, 11.21, 11.22, 11.23, 11.24, 11.25, 11.26, 11.27, 12.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God
17. New Testament, Titus, 3.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.5. not by works of righteousness, which we did ourselves, but according to his mercy, he saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit
18. New Testament, John, 8.33, 8.37, 8.39, 8.53 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8.33. They answered him, "We are Abraham's seed, and have never been in bondage to anyone. How do you say, 'You will be made free?' 8.37. I know that you are Abraham's seed, yet you seek to kill me, because my word finds no place in you. 8.39. They answered him, "Our father is Abraham."Jesus said to them, "If you were Abraham's children, you would do the works of Abraham. 8.53. Are you greater than our father, Abraham, who died? The prophets died. Who do you make yourself out to be?
19. New Testament, Luke, 1.55, 1.73, 3.8, 8.9-8.10, 19.9, 24.25-24.27, 24.44-24.47 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.55. As he spoke to our fathers, To Abraham and his seed forever. 1.73. The oath which he spoke to Abraham, our father 3.8. Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and don't begin to say among yourselves, 'We have Abraham for our father;' for I tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones! 8.9. Then his disciples asked him, "What does this parable mean? 8.10. He said, "To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of God, but to the rest in parables; that 'seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.' 19.9. Jesus said to him, "Today, salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham. 24.25. He said to them, "Foolish men, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken! 24.26. Didn't the Christ have to suffer these things and to enter into his glory? 24.27. Beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, he explained to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. 24.44. He said to them, "This is what I told you, while I was still with you, that all things which are written in the law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms, concerning me must be fulfilled. 24.45. Then he opened their minds, that they might understand the Scriptures. 24.46. He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day 24.47. and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name to all the nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
20. New Testament, Mark, 4.10-4.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.10. When he was alone, those who were around him with the twelve asked him about the parables. 4.11. He said to them, "To you is given the mystery of the Kingdom of God, but to those who are outside, all things are done in parables 4.12. that 'seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest perhaps they should turn again, and their sins should be forgiven them.'
21. New Testament, Matthew, 3.9, 8.23-8.24, 8.31-8.34, 13.10-13.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.9. Don't think to yourselves, 'We have Abraham for our father,' for I tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. 8.23. When he got into a boat, his disciples followed him. 8.24. Behold, a great tempest arose in the sea, so much that the boat was covered with the waves, but he was asleep. 8.31. The demons begged him, saying, "If you cast us out, permit us to go away into the herd of pigs. 8.32. He said to them, "Go!"They came out, and went into the herd of pigs: and behold, the whole herd of pigs rushed down the cliff into the sea, and died in the water. 8.33. Those who fed them fled, and went away into the city, and told everything, including what happened to those who were possessed with demons. 8.34. Behold, all the city came out to meet Jesus. When they saw him, they begged that he would depart from their borders. 13.10. The disciples came, and said to him, "Why do you speak to them in parables? 13.11. He answered them, "To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven, but it is not given to them. 13.12. For whoever has, to him will be given, and he will have abundance, but whoever doesn't have, from him will be taken away even that which he has. 13.13. Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they don't see, and hearing, they don't hear, neither do they understand. 13.14. In them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says, 'By hearing you will hear, And will in no way understand; Seeing you will see, And will in no way perceive: 13.15. For this people's heart has grown callous, Their ears are dull of hearing, They have closed their eyes; Or else perhaps they might perceive with their eyes, Hear with their ears, Understand with their heart, And should turn again; And I would heal them.' 13.16. But blessed are your eyes, for they see; and your ears, for they hear. 13.17. For most assuredly I tell you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see the things which you see, and didn't see them; and to hear the things which you hear, and didn't hear them.
22. Tertullian, Against Marcion, 5.4.8, 5.18.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham,as model of trust Morgan (2022), The New Testament and the Theology of Trust: 'This Rich Trust', 77
abraham,covenant of Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
abraham,descent from Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
abraham,promise to Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
abraham,seed of Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
abraham,sons of Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
abraham,sons of abraham Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
abraham,trust of Morgan (2022), The New Testament and the Theology of Trust: 'This Rich Trust', 77
abraham,two wives of Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
abraham DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43; Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 13; Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94; Gruen (2020), Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter, 192; Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 235; Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187; Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90; Scopello (2008), The Gospel of Judas in Context: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Gospel of Judas, 118
adam,in history of salvation Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 13
allegory/allegorical,and typology Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
allegory/allegorical,genealogical allegory Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
allegory/allegorical,of hagar/sarah Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
angel DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
angels Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130
antioch,incident at Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
antioch Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
apocalyptic Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
apostolikon,marcions Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 235
apprenticeship Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
authority,interpretive strategies Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130
authority Papaioannou et al. (2021), Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome, 172; Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou (2021), Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome, 172
avengement/vengeance/vindication/wrath (gods) Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
baptism Pomeroy (2021), Chrysostom as Exegete: Scholarly Traditions and Rhetorical Aims in the Homilies on Genesis, 107
basser,herbert w.,beneath vs. above Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
biblical Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
bread of life discourse Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
carnalis,carnal Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
cephas (peter) Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
chaldean DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
children,of abraham Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
church,as one body in christ deSilva (2022), Ephesians, 147
church Albrecht (2014), The Divine Father: Religious and Philosophical Concepts of Divine Parenthood in Antiquity, 240
circumcision,of gentiles Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
circumcision Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
colossians Papaioannou et al. (2021), Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome, 178; Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou (2021), Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome, 178
compassion,conversion,significance of deSilva (2022), Ephesians, 147
continuity Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
covenant,and salvation Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
covenant,inclusion of gentiles in Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
covenant,old/new Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
covenant,renewed Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
covenant,with abraham Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
crucifixion,jesus death Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
cyril of alexandria,on jewish practice Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
cyril of alexandria,organization of commentary by Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
cyril of alexandria,pauline influence of Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
cyril of alexandria Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
dead sea scrolls vii Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
demon / daimon DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
dunn,james d. g. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 126, 127
ecclesia bipertita,bipartite church Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
ecclesiology Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
egypt / egyptian / aegyptium DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
eschatological community/ies Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
eschatology,eschatological,belonging to the end-of-days,messianic age Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
evil DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
exemplars of trust Morgan (2022), The New Testament and the Theology of Trust: 'This Rich Trust', 77
experience/experiential Jeong (2023), Pauline Baptism among the Mysteries: Ritual Messages and the Promise of Initiation. 229
faith,faithfulness Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
faith xiii Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
father,fatherhood Albrecht (2014), The Divine Father: Religious and Philosophical Concepts of Divine Parenthood in Antiquity, 240
flesh,jesus offering Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
furnish,victor paul Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 126
galatians,letter to the Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
gentiles,and the torah/law Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
gentiles,covenant with god Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
gentiles,gentile,nations Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218, 223
gentiles,inclusion of Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
gentiles,judaism,interest in Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
gnosticism,valentinian gnosticism,jewish thought in Scopello (2008), The Gospel of Judas in Context: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Gospel of Judas, 118
god,purposes of deSilva (2022), Ephesians, 147
gospel of john,and nicene theology,harmonizing Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
grace xiii–xiv Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
gratia,grace Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
hagar Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
hahn,scott w. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 127
heavenly visions Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
hebrews/israelites,and paul Gruen (2020), Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter, 192
hermeneutics,methods of interpretation Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
hermeneutics. see interpretation,hidden Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
image Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
interpretation Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130
isaac Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
ishmael Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
israel deSilva (2022), Ephesians, 147
jerusalem,heavenly jerusalem Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
jerusalem Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
jerusalem community,church Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
jesus,disciples,early followers,messianic movement Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
jesus,failure of his messianic enterprise vii Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218, 223
jesus-believing gentiles,and the torah Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
jesus-believing jews,and the torah Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
jesus Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130; Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
jesus return Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
jewish other,ritual Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
jews,jewry,jewish,jewish matrix,jewish setting,anti-jewish,non-jewish Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
jews/judeans/ioudaioi,and ethnic vocabulary in paul Gruen (2020), Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter, 192
jews (jewish people),as cyrils audience Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
jews and gentiles,reconciliation of deSilva (2022), Ephesians, 147
judah Scopello (2008), The Gospel of Judas in Context: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Gospel of Judas, 118
judaism,gentile interest in Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
judaization Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
judas,as abraham-like figure Scopello (2008), The Gospel of Judas in Context: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Gospel of Judas, 118
kingdom of god/heaven,sons of the kingdom Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
land of israel Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
law,paul on Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
law Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130; Papaioannou et al. (2021), Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome, 178; Papaioannou, Serafim and Demetriou (2021), Rhetoric and Religion in Ancient Greece and Rome, 178
life Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
lineage and genealogy as identity marker,in paul Gruen (2020), Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter, 192
literalism,judaism and Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
lundbom,jack r. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 126
magic / magia DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
mcknight,scot Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 126, 127
mediator DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
messianic redemption/salvation,triumph Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
metzger,bruce m. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 127
midrash,midrashic Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
mimesis,negative Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
miracles DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
monolatry DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
moses DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43; Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130
moses and mosaic law Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 13
murphy-oconnor,jerome Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 127
mystery,mysterious,heavenly secrets vii Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
narrative Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
new covenant,and old covenant Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 126
new testament Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
nicene theology,and scripture Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
nicene theology,cyril defending Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
old testament Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
orthodoxy,in scripture Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
orthodoxy Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
parallel Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
particularism' Hayes (2015), What's Divine about Divine Law?: Early Perspectives, 163
pastoral epistles Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 235
paul,and the torah Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
paul,attitude of to the law Hayes (2015), What's Divine about Divine Law?: Early Perspectives, 163
paul,biography of Pierce et al. (2022), Gospel Reading and Reception in Early Christian Literature, 31
paul,in cyril Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
paul,law in Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
paul,pauline Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218, 223
paul Gruen (2020), Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter, 192
pauline letter corpus Lieu (2015), Marcion and the Making of a Heretic: God and Scripture in the Second Century, 235
peace deSilva (2022), Ephesians, 147
perception Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
perfectionism Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130
peter (cephas) Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
pneuma (spirit) in paul,and baptism Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 68
pneuma (spirit) in paul,and faith Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 68
pneuma (spirit) in paul,and sonship Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 68
pneuma (spirit) in paul,as a material phenomenon in paul Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 68
pneuma (spirit) in paul,when received? Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 68
porter,stanley e. Klawans (2019), Heresy, Forgery, Novelty: Condemning, Denying, and Asserting Innovation in Ancient Judaism, 127
promise Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
promises of god Morgan (2022), The New Testament and the Theology of Trust: 'This Rich Trust', 77
prophet,prophecy,prophetic Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
qumran covenanters Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
reconciliation,ethnic deSilva (2022), Ephesians, 147
redemption,salvation Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
relationship Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
revelation,angelic Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130
righteousness Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
risk,relation to divine-human trust Morgan (2022), The New Testament and the Theology of Trust: 'This Rich Trust', 77
roads,travel Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
roman,rome Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
sack / invasion of rome DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
sacrifice DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43
sacrifices,of humans Scopello (2008), The Gospel of Judas in Context: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Gospel of Judas, 118
sacrifices,of jesus Scopello (2008), The Gospel of Judas in Context: Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Gospel of Judas, 118
saints Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
salvation,and life Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 13
salvation,and moses,abraham,and adam Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 13
salvation,as descent from abraham Azar (2016), Exegeting the Jews: the early reception of the Johannine "Jews", 181
salvation,history of Engberg-Pedersen (2010), Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit, 13
salvation Lynskey (2021), Tyconius’ Book of Rules: An Ancient Invitation to Ecclesial Hermeneutics, 187
sanders,e. p. Hayes (2015), What's Divine about Divine Law?: Early Perspectives, 163
sarah Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
scriptures,jewish,as source of new testament ideas about pistis Morgan (2022), The New Testament and the Theology of Trust: 'This Rich Trust', 77
second temple period,jewry,tradition Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
sectarian,non-sectarian Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
sinai,tradition Najman (2010), The Significance of Sinai: Traditions about Sinai and Divine Revelation in Judaism and Christianity, 130
sinai Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
sons of darkness,sons of the evil one Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
sons of light Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
synoptic gospels,tradition,pre-synoptic v-vi Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 218
torah,and jesus-believing jews Zetterholm (2003), The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. 157
torah Ruzer (2020), Early Jewish Messianism in the New Testament: Reflections in the Dim Mirror, 223
travel,roman empire Nasrallah (2019), Archaeology and the Letters of Paul, 90
typology Fisch, (2023), Written for Us: Paul’s Interpretation of Scripture and the History of Midrash, 94
values/character as identity marker,for paul Gruen (2020), Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter, 192
wisdom DeMarco, (2021), Augustine and Porphyry: A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10, 43