Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



8248
New Testament, Colossians, 4.1


Οἱ κύριοι, τὸ δίκαιον καὶ τὴν ἰσότητα τοῖς δούλοις παρέχεσθε, εἰδότες ὅτι καὶ ὑμεῖς ἔχετε κύριον ἐν οὐρανῷ.Masters, give to your servants that which is just and equal, knowing that you also have a Master in heaven.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

20 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 10.12-10.13 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

10.12. וְעַתָּה יִשְׂרָאֵל מָה יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שֹׁאֵל מֵעִמָּךְ כִּי אִם־לְיִרְאָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לָלֶכֶת בְּכָל־דְּרָכָיו וּלְאַהֲבָה אֹתוֹ וְלַעֲבֹד אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשֶׁךָ׃ 10.13. לִשְׁמֹר אֶת־מִצְוֺת יְהוָה וְאֶת־חֻקֹּתָיו אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם לְטוֹב לָךְ׃ 10.12. And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all His ways, and to love Him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul;" 10.13. to keep for thy good the commandments of the LORD, and His statutes, which I command thee this day?"
2. Anon., Didache, 11.1-11.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3. New Testament, 1 Peter, 5.13 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.13. She who is in Babylon, elect together with you, greets you; and so does Mark, my son.
4. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 1.14-1.16, 16.6, 16.11, 16.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.14. I thank God that Ibaptized none of you, except Crispus and Gaius 1.15. o that no oneshould say that I had baptized you into my own name. 1.16. (I alsobaptized the household of Stephanas; besides them, I don't know whetherI baptized any other.) 16.6. But with you itmay be that I will stay, or even winter, that you may send me on myjourney wherever I go. 16.11. Therefore let noone despise him. But set him forward on his journey in peace, that hemay come to me; for I expect him with the brothers. 16.19. The assemblies of Asia greet you. Aquila and Priscilla greetyou much in the Lord, together with the assembly that is in theirhouse.
5. New Testament, 3 John, 10 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 1.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 3.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.6. For of these are those who creep into houses, and take captive gullible women loaded down with sins, led away by various lusts
8. New Testament, Acts, 12.12, 13.5, 15.3, 15.36-15.41, 16.15, 16.31-16.34, 17.5-17.9, 18.1-18.8, 18.27, 20.38, 21.5, 21.17, 28.1-28.2, 28.7 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

12.12. Thinking about that, he came to the house of Mary, the mother of John whose surname was Mark, where many were gathered together and were praying. 13.5. When they were at Salamis, they proclaimed the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews. They had also John as their attendant. 15.3. They, being sent on their way by the assembly, passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles. They caused great joy to all the brothers. 15.36. After some days Paul said to Barnabas, "Let's return now and visit our brothers in every city in which we proclaimed the word of the Lord, to see how they are doing. 15.37. Barnabas planned to take John with them also, who was called Mark. 15.38. But Paul didn't think that it was a good idea to take with them someone who withdrew from them from Pamphylia, and didn't go with them to do the work. 15.39. Then there arose a sharp contention, so that they separated from each other. Barnabas took Mark with him, and sailed away to Cyprus 15.40. but Paul chose Silas, and went out, being commended by the brothers to the grace of God. 15.41. He went through Syria and Cilicia, strengthening the assemblies. 16.15. When she and her household were baptized, she begged us, saying, "If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and stay." She urged us. 16.31. They said, "Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household. 16.32. They spoke the word of the Lord to him, and to all who were in his house. 16.33. He took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes, and was immediately baptized, he and all his household. 16.34. He brought them up into his house, and set food before them, and rejoiced greatly, with all his household, having believed in God. 17.5. But the disobedient Jews gathered some wicked men from the marketplace, and gathering a crowd, set the city in an uproar. Assaulting the house of Jason, they sought to bring them out to the people. 17.6. When they didn't find them, they dragged Jason and certain brothers before the rulers of the city, crying, "These who have turned the world upside down have come here also 17.7. whom Jason has received. These all act contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, Jesus! 17.8. The multitude and the rulers of the city were troubled when they heard these things. 17.9. When they had taken security from Jason and the rest, they let them go. 18.1. After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth. 18.2. He found a certain Jew named Aquila, a man of Pontus by race, who had recently come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome. He came to them 18.3. and because he practiced the same trade, he lived with them and worked, for by trade they were tent makers. 18.4. He reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded Jews and Greeks. 18.5. But when Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia, Paul was compelled by the Spirit, testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Christ. 18.6. When they opposed him and blasphemed, he shook out his clothing and said to them, "Your blood be on your own heads! I am clean. From now on, I will go to the Gentiles! 18.7. He departed there, and went into the house of a certain man named Justus, one who worshiped God, whose house was next door to the synagogue. 18.8. Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed in the Lord with all his house. Many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized. 18.27. When he had determined to pass over into Achaia, the brothers encouraged him, and wrote to the disciples to receive him. When he had come, he helped them much, who had believed through grace; 20.38. sorrowing most of all because of the word which he had spoken, that they should see his face no more. They brought him on his way to the ship. 21.5. When it happened that we had accomplished the days, we departed and went on our journey. They all, with wives and children, brought us on our way until we were out of the city. Kneeling down on the beach, we prayed. 21.17. When we had come to Jerusalem, the brothers received us gladly. 28.1. When we had escaped, then we knew that the island was called Malta. 28.2. The natives shown us no common kindness; for they kindled a fire, and received us all, because of the present rain, and because of the cold. 28.7. Now in the neighborhood of that place were lands belonging to the chief man of the island, named Publius, who received us, and courteously entertained us three days.
9. New Testament, Philemon, 24 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10. New Testament, Colossians, 3.22, 4.2-4.3, 4.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.22. Servants, obey in all things those who are your masters according to the flesh, not just when they are looking, as men-pleasers, but in singleness of heart, fearing God. 4.2. Continue steadfastly in prayer, watching therein with thanksgiving; 4.3. praying together for us also, that God may open to us a door for the word, to speak the mystery of Christ, for which I am also in bonds; 4.15. Greet the brothers who are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the assembly that is in his house.
11. New Testament, Ephesians, 6.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.9. You masters, do the same things to them, and give up threatening, knowing that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no partiality with him.
12. New Testament, Galatians, 4.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.1. But I say that so long as the heir is a child, he is nodifferent from a bondservant, though he is lord of all;
13. New Testament, Philippians, 2.29 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.29. Receive him therefore in the Lord with all joy, and hold such in honor
14. New Testament, Romans, 15.24, 16.2-16.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15.24. whenever I journey to Spain, I will come to you. For I hope to see you on my journey, and to be helped on my way there by you, if first I may enjoy your company for a while. 16.2. that you receive her in the Lord, in a way worthy of the saints, and that you assist her in whatever matter she may need from you, for she herself also has been a helper of many, and of my own self. 16.3. Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus 16.4. who for my life, laid down their own necks; to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the assemblies of the Gentiles. 16.5. Greet the assembly that is in their house. Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first fruits of Achaia to Christ. 16.6. Greet Mary, who labored much for us. 16.7. Greet Andronicus and Junias, my relatives and my fellow prisoners, who are notable among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. 16.8. Greet Amplias, my beloved in the Lord. 16.9. Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys, my beloved. 16.10. Greet Apelles, the approved in Christ. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus. 16.11. Greet Herodion, my kinsman. Greet them of the household of Narcissus, who are in the Lord. 16.12. Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Greet Persis, the beloved, who labored much in the Lord. 16.13. Greet Rufus, the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. 16.14. Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. 16.15. Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 16.16. Greet one another with a holy kiss. The assemblies of Christ greet you. 16.17. Now I beg you, brothers, look out for those who are causing the divisions and occasions of stumbling, contrary to the doctrine which you learned, and turn away from them. 16.18. For those who are such don't serve our Lord, Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by their smooth and flattering speech, they deceive the hearts of the innocent. 16.19. For your obedience has become known to all. I rejoice therefore over you. But I desire to have you wise in that which is good, but innocent in that which is evil. 16.20. And the God of peace will quickly crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. 16.21. Timothy, my fellow worker, greets you, as do Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater, my relatives. 16.22. I, Tertius, who write the letter, greet you in the Lord. 16.23. Gaius, my host and host of the whole assembly, greets you. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, as does Quartus, the brother.
15. New Testament, Titus, 3.13 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.13. Send Zenas, the lawyer, and Apollos on their journey speedily, that nothing may be lacking for them.
16. New Testament, Luke, 11.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.10. For everyone who asks receives. He who seeks finds. To him who knocks it will be opened.
17. New Testament, Mark, 6.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.11. Whoever will not receive you nor hear you, as you depart from there, shake off the dust that is under your feet for a testimony against them. Assuredly, I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!
18. Tertullian, On Fasting, Against The Psychics, 14.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

19. Origen, Commentary On Matthew, 15.3 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

20. Origen, On First Principles, 2.7.3, 3.3.4 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

2.7.3. And as there are many ways of apprehending Christ, who, although He is wisdom, does not act the part or possess the power of wisdom in all men, but only in those who give themselves to the study of wisdom in Him; and who, although called a physician, does not act as one towards all, but only towards those who understand their feeble and sickly condition, and flee to His compassion that they may obtain health; so also I think is it with the Holy Spirit, in whom is contained every kind of gifts. For on some is bestowed by the Spirit the word of wisdom, on others the word of knowledge, on others faith; and so to each individual of those who are capable of receiving Him, is the Spirit Himself made to be that quality, or understood to be that which is needed by the individual who has deserved to participate. These divisions and differences not being perceived by those who hear Him called Paraclete in the Gospel, and not duly considering in consequence of what work or act He is named the Paraclete, they have compared Him to some common spirits or other, and by this means have tried to disturb the Churches of Christ, and so excite dissensions of no small extent among brethren; whereas the Gospel shows Him to be of such power and majesty, that it says the apostles could not yet receive those things which the Saviour wished to teach them until the advent of the Holy Spirit, who, pouring Himself into their souls, might enlighten them regarding the nature and faith of the Trinity. But these persons, because of the ignorance of their understandings, are not only unable themselves logically to state the truth, but cannot even give their attention to what is advanced by us; and entertaining unworthy ideas of His divinity, have delivered themselves over to errors and deceits, being depraved by a spirit of error, rather than instructed by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, according to the declaration of the apostle, Following the doctrine of devils, forbidding to marry, to the destruction and ruin of many, and to abstain from meats, that by an ostentatious exhibition of stricter observance they may seduce the souls of the innocent. 3.3.4. With respect to those, indeed, who teach differently regarding Christ from what the rule of Scripture allows, it is no idle task to ascertain whether it is from a treacherous purpose that these opposing powers, in their struggles to prevent a belief in Christ, have devised certain fabulous and impious doctrines; or whether, on hearing the word of Christ, and not being able to cast it forth from the secrecy of their conscience, nor yet to retain it pure and holy, they have, by means of vessels that were convenient to their use, and, so to speak, through their prophets, introduced various errors contrary to the rule of Christian truth. Now we are to suppose rather that apostate and refugee powers, which have departed from God out of the very wickedness of their mind and will, or from envy of those for whom there is prepared (on their becoming acquainted with the truth) an ascent to the same rank, whence they themselves had fallen, did, in order to prevent any progress of that kind, invent these errors and delusions of false doctrine. It is then clearly established, by many proofs, that while the soul of man exists in this body, it may admit different energies, i.e., operations, from a diversity of good and evil spirits. Now, of wicked spirits there is a twofold mode of operation: i.e., when they either take complete and entire possession of the mind, so as to allow their captives the power neither of understanding nor feeling; as, for instance, is the case with those commonly called possessed, whom we see to be deprived of reason, and insane (such as those were who are related in the Gospel to have been cured by the Saviour); or when by their wicked suggestions they deprave a sentient and intelligent soul with thoughts of various kinds, persuading it to evil, of which Judas is an illustration, who was induced at the suggestion of the devil to commit the crime of treason, according to the declaration of Scripture, that the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot to betray him.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
agathonic㪠Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 224
alcibiades (martyr at lugdunum) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 224
alcibiades (phrygian montanist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 224
alexandria,montanism at? Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59
alexandria Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59
apologetic,portrait of paul Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
apostle/s Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59
augustus worship of Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
boldness James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233, 234
bultmann,rudolf Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
children Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
colossae Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
colossians (epistle) Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
dahl,influence,haustafeln Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
deification,of discourse James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233, 234
demography Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
domestic code Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
epistle,pastorals Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
equality of speech (ἰσολογία) James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233
family Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
fasts/fasti Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59, 112
haustafeln Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
hedonism Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
heresy/heretics Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 112
heresy Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
hierapolis,necropolis Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
hospitality Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
house church Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
incarnation,enables reciprocity between god and humanity James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233, 234
judaism,hellenistic Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
katagraphai Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
letter,pauline Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
marriage/s Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59
martyrdom/martyrs Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 224
matthew James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233
missionary,pauline Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
nazarenes Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 112
nero persecution of christians Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
novelty (charge of ) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 112
onesimus (phlm,col) Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
oracles/sayings [logia (montanist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 112
papias Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
paraenesis Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
parousia Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
parrhesia (παρρησία),and authority James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 234
parrhesia (παρρησία),in commanding god James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233, 234
patronage,among christians Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
paul Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145; James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233, 234
paul (apostle) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 112
paul travels of Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
peter Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
philemon (epistle) Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
philemon (phlm) Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
philosopher,hellenistic Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
phrygia,montanism in Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 224
prayer,and parrhesia James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233
prophetess,prophetesses Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59, 112
pseudo-prophecy/pseudoprophets Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59
reciprocity,between god and human beings James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233, 234
rome connecting mark to Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
schismatics,schisma Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 112
sexual abstinence Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 59
sexuality Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
slavery James (2021), Learning the Language of Scripture: Origen, Wisdom, and the Logic of Interpretation, 233, 234
slaves Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
social rank Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
society (gesellschaft) Huttner (2013), Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley, 145
stoicism,haustafeln Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
stoicism Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 719
syria Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
tertullian Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 112
thessalonica Malherbe et al. (2014), Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J, 72
titus (emperor) Peppard (2011), The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context, 89
voluntary martyrdom ix,xxxvi' Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 224