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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



8244
New Testament, Apocalypse, 22.2-22.6


ἐν μέσῳτῆς πλατείας αὐτῆς· καὶτοῦ ποταμοῦ ἐντεῦθεν καὶ ἐκεῖθεν ξύλον ζωῆςποιοῦν καρποὺς δώδεκα,κατὰ μῆναἕκαστον ἀποδιδοῦντὸν καρπὸν αὐτοῦ, καὶ τὰ φύλλατοῦ ξύλουεἰς θεραπείαντῶν ἐθνῶν.in the midst of its street. On this side of the river and on that was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruits, yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.


καὶ πᾶν κατάθεμα οὐκ ἔσται ἔτι.καὶ ὁ θρόνος τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἀρνίου ἐν αὐτῇ ἔσται, καὶ οἱ δοῦλοι αὐτοῦ λατρεύσουσιν αὐτῷThere will be no curse any more. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants serve him.


καὶὄψονται τὸ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ,καὶ τὸ ὄνομα ὰὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τῶν μετώπων αὐτῶν.They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.


καὶ νὺξ οὐκ ἔσται ἔτι,καὶ οὐκἔχουσιν χρείαν φωτὸς λύχνου καὶφῶς ἡλίου,ὅτιΚύριος ὁ θεὸς φωτίσει[ἐπ̓] αὐτούς, καὶ βασιλεύσουσιν εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων.There will be no night, and they need no lamp light; for the Lord God will illuminate them. They will reign forever and ever.


Καὶ εἶπεν μοι Οὗτοι οἱ λόγοι πιστοὶ καὶ ἀληθινοί, καὶ ὁ κύριος, ὁ θεὸς τῶν πνευμάτων τῶν προφητῶν, ἀπέστειλεν τὸν ἄγγελον αὐτοῦ δεῖξαι τοῖς δούλοις αὐτοῦἃ δεῖ γενέσθαιἐν τάχει·He said to me, "These words are faithful and true. The Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent his angel to show to his bondservants the things which must happen soon.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

55 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 23.7, 32.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

23.7. לֹא־תִדְרֹשׁ שְׁלֹמָם וְטֹבָתָם כָּל־יָמֶיךָ לְעוֹלָם׃ 32.1. יִמְצָאֵהוּ בְּאֶרֶץ מִדְבָּר וּבְתֹהוּ יְלֵל יְשִׁמֹן יְסֹבְבֶנְהוּ יְבוֹנְנֵהוּ יִצְּרֶנְהוּ כְּאִישׁוֹן עֵינוֹ׃ 32.1. הַאֲזִינוּ הַשָּׁמַיִם וַאֲדַבֵּרָה וְתִשְׁמַע הָאָרֶץ אִמְרֵי־פִי׃ 23.7. Thou shalt not seek their peace nor their prosperity all thy days for ever." 32.1. Give ear, ye heavens, and I will speak; And let the earth hear the words of my mouth."
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 2.8-2.9, 2.16, 3.2, 3.16, 3.22, 3.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.8. וַיִּטַּע יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים גַּן־בְעֵדֶן מִקֶּדֶם וַיָּשֶׂם שָׁם אֶת־הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר יָצָר׃ 2.9. וַיַּצְמַח יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מִן־הָאֲדָמָה כָּל־עֵץ נֶחְמָד לְמַרְאֶה וְטוֹב לְמַאֲכָל וְעֵץ הַחַיִּים בְּתוֹךְ הַגָּן וְעֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע׃ 2.16. וַיְצַו יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים עַל־הָאָדָם לֵאמֹר מִכֹּל עֵץ־הַגָּן אָכֹל תֹּאכֵל׃ 3.2. וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶל־הַנָּחָשׁ מִפְּרִי עֵץ־הַגָּן נֹאכֵל׃ 3.2. וַיִּקְרָא הָאָדָם שֵׁם אִשְׁתּוֹ חַוָּה כִּי הִוא הָיְתָה אֵם כָּל־חָי׃ 3.16. אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה אָמַר הַרְבָּה אַרְבֶּה עִצְּבוֹנֵךְ וְהֵרֹנֵךְ בְּעֶצֶב תֵּלְדִי בָנִים וְאֶל־אִישֵׁךְ תְּשׁוּקָתֵךְ וְהוּא יִמְשָׁל־בָּךְ׃ 3.22. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמֶּנּוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם׃ 3.24. וַיְגָרֶשׁ אֶת־הָאָדָם וַיַּשְׁכֵּן מִקֶּדֶם לְגַן־עֵדֶן אֶת־הַכְּרֻבִים וְאֵת לַהַט הַחֶרֶב הַמִּתְהַפֶּכֶת לִשְׁמֹר אֶת־דֶּרֶךְ עֵץ הַחַיִּים׃ 2.8. And the LORD God planted a garden eastward, in Eden; and there He put the man whom He had formed." 2.9. And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil." 2.16. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying: ‘of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat;" 3.2. And the woman said unto the serpent: ‘of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat;" 3.16. Unto the woman He said: ‘I will greatly multiply thy pain and thy travail; in pain thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.’" 3.22. And the LORD God said: ‘Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.’" 3.24. So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life."
3. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 14.5-14.6 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

14.5. אֶרְפָּא מְשׁוּבָתָם אֹהֲבֵם נְדָבָה כִּי שָׁב אַפִּי מִמֶּנּוּ׃ 14.6. אֶהְיֶה כַטַּל לְיִשְׂרָאֵל יִפְרַח כַּשּׁוֹשַׁנָּה וְיַךְ שָׁרָשָׁיו כַּלְּבָנוֹן׃ 14.5. I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely; For Mine anger is turned away from him." 14.6. I will be as the dew unto Israel; He shall blossom as the lily, And cast forth his roots as Lebanon."
4. Hebrew Bible, Joel, 3.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 14.5-14.6, 14.50-14.51 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

14.5. וְשָׁחַט אֶת־הַצִּפֹּר הָאֶחָת אֶל־כְּלִי־חֶרֶשׂ עַל־מַיִם חַיִּים׃ 14.5. וְצִוָּה הַכֹּהֵן וְשָׁחַט אֶת־הַצִּפּוֹר הָאֶחָת אֶל־כְּלִי־חֶרֶשׂ עַל־מַיִם חַיִּים׃ 14.6. אֶת־הַצִּפֹּר הַחַיָּה יִקַּח אֹתָהּ וְאֶת־עֵץ הָאֶרֶז וְאֶת־שְׁנִי הַתּוֹלַעַת וְאֶת־הָאֵזֹב וְטָבַל אוֹתָם וְאֵת הַצִּפֹּר הַחַיָּה בְּדַם הַצִּפֹּר הַשְּׁחֻטָה עַל הַמַּיִם הַחַיִּים׃ 14.51. וְלָקַח אֶת־עֵץ־הָאֶרֶז וְאֶת־הָאֵזֹב וְאֵת שְׁנִי הַתּוֹלַעַת וְאֵת הַצִּפֹּר הַחַיָּה וְטָבַל אֹתָם בְּדַם הַצִּפֹּר הַשְּׁחוּטָה וּבַמַּיִם הַחַיִּים וְהִזָּה אֶל־הַבַּיִת שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים׃ 14.5. And the priest shall command to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water." 14.6. As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar-wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water." 14.50. And he shall kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water." 14.51. And he shall take the cedar-wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird, and in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times."
6. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 19.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19.17. וְלָקְחוּ לַטָּמֵא מֵעֲפַר שְׂרֵפַת הַחַטָּאת וְנָתַן עָלָיו מַיִם חַיִּים אֶל־כֶּלִי׃ 19.17. And for the unclean they shall take of the ashes of the burning of the purification from sin, and running water shall be put thereto in a vessel."
7. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 3.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.18. עֵץ־חַיִּים הִיא לַמַּחֲזִיקִים בָּהּ וְתֹמְכֶיהָ מְאֻשָּׁר׃ 3.18. She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her, And happy is every one that holdest her fast."
8. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 1.3, 19.14, 52.8, 92.12-92.14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.3. וְהָיָה כְּעֵץ שָׁתוּל עַל־פַּלְגֵי מָיִם אֲשֶׁר פִּרְיוֹ יִתֵּן בְּעִתּוֹ וְעָלֵהוּ לֹא־יִבּוֹל וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר־יַעֲשֶׂה יַצְלִיחַ׃ 19.14. גַּם מִזֵּדִים חֲשֹׂךְ עַבְדֶּךָ אַל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִי אָז אֵיתָם וְנִקֵּיתִי מִפֶּשַׁע רָב׃ 52.8. וְיִרְאוּ צַדִּיקִים וְיִירָאוּ וְעָלָיו יִשְׂחָקוּ׃ 92.12. וַתַּבֵּט עֵינִי בְּשׁוּרָי בַּקָּמִים עָלַי מְרֵעִים תִּשְׁמַעְנָה אָזְנָי׃ 92.13. צַדִּיק כַּתָּמָר יִפְרָח כְּאֶרֶז בַּלְּבָנוֹן יִשְׂגֶּה׃ 92.14. שְׁתוּלִים בְּבֵית יְהוָה בְּחַצְרוֹת אֱלֹהֵינוּ יַפְרִיחוּ׃ 1.3. And he shall be like a tree planted by streams of water, that bringeth forth its fruit in its season, and whose leaf doth not wither; and in whatsoever he doeth he shall prosper." 19.14. Keep back Thy servant also from presumptuous sins, that they may not have dominion over me; then shall I be faultless, and I shall be clear from great transgression." 52.8. The righteous also shall see, and fear, And shall laugh at him:" 92.12. Mine eye also hath gazed on them that lie in wait for me, Mine ears have heard my desire of the evil-doers that rise up against me." 92.13. The righteous shall flourish like the palm-tree; He shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon." 92.14. Planted in the house of the LORD, They shall flourish in the courts of our God."
9. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 1.30, 6.2-6.4, 11.6-11.8, 25.8, 40.3, 41.17-41.20, 49.10, 51.3, 60.21, 61.3, 65.22, 65.25 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

6.2. שְׂרָפִים עֹמְדִים מִמַּעַל לוֹ שֵׁשׁ כְּנָפַיִם שֵׁשׁ כְּנָפַיִם לְאֶחָד בִּשְׁתַּיִם יְכַסֶּה פָנָיו וּבִשְׁתַּיִם יְכַסֶּה רַגְלָיו וּבִשְׁתַּיִם יְעוֹפֵף׃ 6.3. וְקָרָא זֶה אֶל־זֶה וְאָמַר קָדוֹשׁ קָדוֹשׁ קָדוֹשׁ יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת מְלֹא כָל־הָאָרֶץ כְּבוֹדוֹ׃ 6.4. וַיָּנֻעוּ אַמּוֹת הַסִּפִּים מִקּוֹל הַקּוֹרֵא וְהַבַּיִת יִמָּלֵא עָשָׁן׃ 11.6. וְגָר זְאֵב עִם־כֶּבֶשׂ וְנָמֵר עִם־גְּדִי יִרְבָּץ וְעֵגֶל וּכְפִיר וּמְרִיא יַחְדָּו וְנַעַר קָטֹן נֹהֵג בָּם׃ 11.7. וּפָרָה וָדֹב תִּרְעֶינָה יַחְדָּו יִרְבְּצוּ יַלְדֵיהֶן וְאַרְיֵה כַּבָּקָר יֹאכַל־תֶּבֶן׃ 11.8. וְשִׁעֲשַׁע יוֹנֵק עַל־חֻר פָּתֶן וְעַל מְאוּרַת צִפְעוֹנִי גָּמוּל יָדוֹ הָדָה׃ 25.8. בִּלַּע הַמָּוֶת לָנֶצַח וּמָחָה אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה דִּמְעָה מֵעַל כָּל־פָּנִים וְחֶרְפַּת עַמּוֹ יָסִיר מֵעַל כָּל־הָאָרֶץ כִּי יְהוָה דִּבֵּר׃ 40.3. קוֹל קוֹרֵא בַּמִּדְבָּר פַּנּוּ דֶּרֶךְ יְהוָה יַשְּׁרוּ בָּעֲרָבָה מְסִלָּה לֵאלֹהֵינוּ׃ 40.3. וְיִעֲפוּ נְעָרִים וְיִגָעוּ וּבַחוּרִים כָּשׁוֹל יִכָּשֵׁלוּ׃ 41.17. הָעֲנִיִּים וְהָאֶבְיוֹנִים מְבַקְשִׁים מַיִם וָאַיִן לְשׁוֹנָם בַּצָּמָא נָשָׁתָּה אֲנִי יְהוָה אֶעֱנֵם אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא אֶעֶזְבֵם׃ 41.18. אֶפְתַּח עַל־שְׁפָיִים נְהָרוֹת וּבְתוֹךְ בְּקָעוֹת מַעְיָנוֹת אָשִׂים מִדְבָּר לַאֲגַם־מַיִם וְאֶרֶץ צִיָּה לְמוֹצָאֵי מָיִם׃ 41.19. אֶתֵּן בַּמִּדְבָּר אֶרֶז שִׁטָּה וַהֲדַס וְעֵץ שָׁמֶן אָשִׂים בָּעֲרָבָה בְּרוֹשׁ תִּדְהָר וּתְאַשּׁוּר יַחְדָּו׃ 51.3. כִּי־נִחַם יְהוָה צִיּוֹן נִחַם כָּל־חָרְבֹתֶיהָ וַיָּשֶׂם מִדְבָּרָהּ כְּעֵדֶן וְעַרְבָתָהּ כְּגַן־יְהוָה שָׂשׂוֹן וְשִׂמְחָה יִמָּצֵא בָהּ תּוֹדָה וְקוֹל זִמְרָה׃ 60.21. וְעַמֵּךְ כֻּלָּם צַדִּיקִים לְעוֹלָם יִירְשׁוּ אָרֶץ נֵצֶר מטעו [מַטָּעַי] מַעֲשֵׂה יָדַי לְהִתְפָּאֵר׃ 61.3. לָשׂוּם לַאֲבֵלֵי צִיּוֹן לָתֵת לָהֶם פְּאֵר תַּחַת אֵפֶר שֶׁמֶן שָׂשׂוֹן תַּחַת אֵבֶל מַעֲטֵה תְהִלָּה תַּחַת רוּחַ כֵּהָה וְקֹרָא לָהֶם אֵילֵי הַצֶּדֶק מַטַּע יְהוָה לְהִתְפָּאֵר׃ 65.22. לֹא יִבְנוּ וְאַחֵר יֵשֵׁב לֹא יִטְּעוּ וְאַחֵר יֹאכֵל כִּי־כִימֵי הָעֵץ יְמֵי עַמִּי וּמַעֲשֵׂה יְדֵיהֶם יְבַלּוּ בְחִירָי׃ 65.25. זְאֵב וְטָלֶה יִרְעוּ כְאֶחָד וְאַרְיֵה כַּבָּקָר יֹאכַל־תֶּבֶן וְנָחָשׁ עָפָר לַחְמוֹ לֹא־יָרֵעוּ וְלֹא־יַשְׁחִיתוּ בְּכָל־הַר קָדְשִׁי אָמַר יְהוָה׃ 1.30. For ye shall be as a terebinth whose leaf fadeth, And as a garden that hath no water." 6.2. Above Him stood the seraphim; each one had six wings: with twain he covered his face and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly." 6.3. And one called unto another, and said: Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts; The whole earth is full of His glory." 6.4. And the posts of the door were moved at the voice of them that called, and the house was filled with smoke." 11.6. And the wolf shall dwell with the lamb, And the leopard shall lie down with the kid; And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little child shall lead them." 11.7. And the cow and the bear feed; Their young ones shall lie down together; And the lion shall eat straw like the ox." 11.8. And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, And the weaned child shall put his hand on the basilisk’s den." 25.8. He will swallow up death for ever; And the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; And the reproach of His people will He take away from off all the earth; For the LORD hath spoken it." 40.3. Hark! one calleth: ‘Clear ye in the wilderness the way of the LORD, make plain in the desert a highway for our God." 41.17. The poor and needy seek water and there is none, And their tongue faileth for thirst; I the LORD will answer them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them." 41.18. I will open rivers on the high hills, And fountains in the midst of the valleys; I will make the wilderness a pool of water, And the dry land springs of water." 41.19. I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the acacia-tree, And the myrtle, and the oil-tree; I will set in the desert the cypress, the plane-tree, and the larch together;" 41.20. That they may see, and know, And consider, and understand together, That the hand of the LORD hath done this, And the Holy One of Israel hath created it." 49.10. They shall not hunger nor thirst, Neither shall the heat nor sun smite them; For He that hath compassion on them will lead them, Even by the springs of water will He guide them." 51.3. For the LORD hath comforted Zion; He hath comforted all her waste places, And hath made her wilderness like Eden, And her desert like the garden of the LORD; Joy and gladness shall be found therein, Thanksgiving, and the voice of melody." 60.21. Thy people also shall be all righteous, They shall inherit the land for ever; The branch of My planting, the work of My hands, Wherein I glory." 61.3. To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, To give unto them a garland for ashes, The oil of joy for mourning, The mantle of praise for the spirit of heaviness; That they might be called terebinths of righteousness, The planting of the LORD, wherein He might glory." 65.22. They shall not build, and another inhabit, They shall not plant, and another eat; For as the days of a tree shall be the days of My people, And Mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands." 65.25. The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, And the lion shall eat straw like the ox; And dust shall be the serpent’s food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, Saith the LORD."
10. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 17.8, 31.8-31.10, 31.12-31.14 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

17.8. וְהָיָה כְּעֵץ שָׁתוּל עַל־מַיִם וְעַל־יוּבַל יְשַׁלַּח שָׁרָשָׁיו וְלֹא ירא [יִרְאֶה] כִּי־יָבֹא חֹם וְהָיָה עָלֵהוּ רַעֲנָן וּבִשְׁנַת בַּצֹּרֶת לֹא יִדְאָג וְלֹא יָמִישׁ מֵעֲשׂוֹת פֶּרִי׃ 31.8. הִנְנִי מֵבִיא אוֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ צָפוֹן וְקִבַּצְתִּים מִיַּרְכְּתֵי־אָרֶץ בָּם עִוֵּר וּפִסֵּחַ הָרָה וְיֹלֶדֶת יַחְדָּו קָהָל גָּדוֹל יָשׁוּבוּ הֵנָּה׃ 31.9. בִּבְכִי יָבֹאוּ וּבְתַחֲנוּנִים אוֹבִילֵם אוֹלִיכֵם אֶל־נַחֲלֵי מַיִם בְּדֶרֶךְ יָשָׁר לֹא יִכָּשְׁלוּ בָּהּ כִּי־הָיִיתִי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל לְאָב וְאֶפְרַיִם בְּכֹרִי הוּא׃ 31.12. וּבָאוּ וְרִנְּנוּ בִמְרוֹם־צִיּוֹן וְנָהֲרוּ אֶל־טוּב יְהוָה עַל־דָּגָן וְעַל־תִּירֹשׁ וְעַל־יִצְהָר וְעַל־בְּנֵי־צֹאן וּבָקָר וְהָיְתָה נַפְשָׁם כְּגַן רָוֶה וְלֹא־יוֹסִיפוּ לְדַאֲבָה עוֹד׃ 31.13. אָז תִּשְׂמַח בְּתוּלָה בְּמָחוֹל וּבַחֻרִים וּזְקֵנִים יַחְדָּו וְהָפַכְתִּי אֶבְלָם לְשָׂשׂוֹן וְנִחַמְתִּים וְשִׂמַּחְתִּים מִיגוֹנָם׃ 31.14. וְרִוֵּיתִי נֶפֶשׁ הַכֹּהֲנִים דָּשֶׁן וְעַמִּי אֶת־טוּבִי יִשְׂבָּעוּ נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 17.8. For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, And that spreadeth out its roots by the river, And shall not see when heat cometh, But its foliage shall be luxuriant; And shall not be anxious in the year of drought, Neither shall cease from yielding fruit." 31.8. Behold, I will bring them from the north country, And gather them from the uttermost parts of the earth, And with them the blind and the lame, The woman with child and her that travaileth with child together; A great company shall they return hither." 31.9. They shall come with weeping, And with supplications will I lead them; I will cause them to walk by rivers of waters, In a straight way wherein they shall not stumble; For I am become a father to Israel, And Ephraim is My first-born." 31.10. Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, And declare it in the isles afar off, and say: ‘He that scattered Israel doth gather him, And keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.’" 31.12. And they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, And shall flow unto the goodness of the LORD, To the corn, and to the wine, and to the oil, And to the young of the flock and of the herd; And their soul shall be as a watered garden, And they shall not pine any more at all." 31.13. Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, And the young men and the old together; For I will turn their mourning into joy, And will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow." 31.14. And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, And My people shall be satisfied with My goodness, Saith the LORD."
11. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 4.4-4.5, 31.8-31.9, 31.18, 36.35, 44.15, 47.1-47.12 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.4. וְאַתָּה שְׁכַב עַל־צִדְּךָ הַשְּׂמָאלִי וְשַׂמְתָּ אֶת־עֲוֺן בֵּית־יִשְׂרָאֵל עָלָיו מִסְפַּר הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר תִּשְׁכַּב עָלָיו תִּשָּׂא אֶת־עֲוֺנָם׃ 4.5. וַאֲנִי נָתַתִּי לְךָ אֶת־שְׁנֵי עֲוֺנָם לְמִסְפַּר יָמִים שְׁלֹשׁ־מֵאוֹת וְתִשְׁעִים יוֹם וְנָשָׂאתָ עֲוֺן בֵּית־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 31.8. אֲרָזִים לֹא־עֲמָמֻהוּ בְּגַן־אֱלֹהִים בְּרוֹשִׁים לֹא דָמוּ אֶל־סְעַפֹּתָיו וְעַרְמֹנִים לֹא־הָיוּ כְּפֹארֹתָיו כָּל־עֵץ בְּגַן־אֱלֹהִים לֹא־דָמָה אֵלָיו בְּיָפְיוֹ׃ 31.9. יָפֶה עֲשִׂיתִיו בְּרֹב דָּלִיּוֹתָיו וַיְקַנְאֻהוּ כָּל־עֲצֵי־עֵדֶן אֲשֶׁר בְּגַן הָאֱלֹהִים׃ 31.18. אֶל־מִי דָמִיתָ כָּכָה בְּכָבוֹד וּבְגֹדֶל בַּעֲצֵי־עֵדֶן וְהוּרַדְתָּ אֶת־עֲצֵי־עֵדֶן אֶל־אֶרֶץ תַּחְתִּית בְּתוֹךְ עֲרֵלִים תִּשְׁכַּב אֶת־חַלְלֵי־חֶרֶב הוּא פַרְעֹה וְכָל־הֲמוֹנֹה נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃ 36.35. וְאָמְרוּ הָאָרֶץ הַלֵּזוּ הַנְּשַׁמָּה הָיְתָה כְּגַן־עֵדֶן וְהֶעָרִים הֶחֳרֵבוֹת וְהַנְשַׁמּוֹת וְהַנֶּהֱרָסוֹת בְּצוּרוֹת יָשָׁבוּ׃ 44.15. וְהַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם בְּנֵי צָדוֹק אֲשֶׁר שָׁמְרוּ אֶת־מִשְׁמֶרֶת מִקְדָּשִׁי בִּתְעוֹת בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵעָלַי הֵמָּה יִקְרְבוּ אֵלַי לְשָׁרְתֵנִי וְעָמְדוּ לְפָנַי לְהַקְרִיב לִי חֵלֶב וָדָם נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃ 47.1. וְהָיָה יעמדו [עָמְדוּ] עָלָיו דַּוָּגִים מֵעֵין גֶּדִי וְעַד־עֵין עֶגְלַיִם מִשְׁטוֹחַ לַחֲרָמִים יִהְיוּ לְמִינָה תִּהְיֶה דְגָתָם כִּדְגַת הַיָּם הַגָּדוֹל רַבָּה מְאֹד׃ 47.1. וַיְשִׁבֵנִי אֶל־פֶּתַח הַבַּיִת וְהִנֵּה־מַיִם יֹצְאִים מִתַּחַת מִפְתַּן הַבַּיִת קָדִימָה כִּי־פְנֵי הַבַּיִת קָדִים וְהַמַּיִם יֹרְדִים מִתַּחַת מִכֶּתֶף הַבַּיִת הַיְמָנִית מִנֶּגֶב לַמִּזְבֵּחַ׃ 47.2. וּפְאַת־יָם הַיָּם הַגָּדוֹל מִגְּבוּל עַד־נֹכַח לְבוֹא חֲמָת זֹאת פְּאַת־יָם׃ 47.2. וַיּוֹצִאֵנִי דֶּרֶךְ־שַׁעַר צָפוֹנָה וַיְסִבֵּנִי דֶּרֶךְ חוּץ אֶל־שַׁעַר הַחוּץ דֶּרֶךְ הַפּוֹנֶה קָדִים וְהִנֵּה־מַיִם מְפַכִּים מִן־הַכָּתֵף הַיְמָנִית׃ 47.3. בְּצֵאת־הָאִישׁ קָדִים וְקָו בְּיָדוֹ וַיָּמָד אֶלֶף בָּאַמָּה וַיַּעֲבִרֵנִי בַמַּיִם מֵי אָפְסָיִם׃ 47.4. וַיָּמָד אֶלֶף וַיַּעֲבִרֵנִי בַמַּיִם מַיִם בִּרְכָּיִם וַיָּמָד אֶלֶף וַיַּעֲבִרֵנִי מֵי מָתְנָיִם׃ 47.5. וַיָּמָד אֶלֶף נַחַל אֲשֶׁר לֹא־אוּכַל לַעֲבֹר כִּי־גָאוּ הַמַּיִם מֵי שָׂחוּ נַחַל אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יֵעָבֵר׃ 47.6. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי הֲרָאִיתָ בֶן־אָדָם וַיּוֹלִכֵנִי וַיְשִׁבֵנִי שְׂפַת הַנָּחַל׃ 47.7. בְּשׁוּבֵנִי וְהִנֵּה אֶל־שְׂפַת הַנַּחַל עֵץ רַב מְאֹד מִזֶּה וּמִזֶּה׃ 47.8. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי הַמַּיִם הָאֵלֶּה יוֹצְאִים אֶל־הַגְּלִילָה הַקַּדְמוֹנָה וְיָרְדוּ עַל־הָעֲרָבָה וּבָאוּ הַיָּמָּה אֶל־הַיָּמָּה הַמּוּצָאִים ונרפאו [וְנִרְפּוּ] הַמָּיִם׃ 47.9. וְהָיָה כָל־נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה אֲ‍שֶׁר־יִשְׁרֹץ אֶל כָּל־אֲשֶׁר יָבוֹא שָׁם נַחֲלַיִם יִחְיֶה וְהָיָה הַדָּגָה רַבָּה מְאֹד כִּי בָאוּ שָׁמָּה הַמַּיִם הָאֵלֶּה וְיֵרָפְאוּ וָחָי כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־יָבוֹא שָׁמָּה הַנָּחַל׃ 47.11. בצאתו [בִּצֹּאתָיו] וּגְבָאָיו וְלֹא יֵרָפְאוּ לְמֶלַח נִתָּנוּ׃ 47.12. וְעַל־הַנַּחַל יַעֲלֶה עַל־שְׂפָתוֹ מִזֶּה וּמִזֶּה כָּל־עֵץ־מַאֲכָל לֹא־יִבּוֹל עָלֵהוּ וְלֹא־יִתֹּם פִּרְיוֹ לָחֳדָשָׁיו יְבַכֵּר כִּי מֵימָיו מִן־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הֵמָּה יוֹצְאִים והיו [וְהָיָה] פִרְיוֹ לְמַאֲכָל וְעָלֵהוּ לִתְרוּפָה׃ 4.4. Moreover lie thou upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it; according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon it, thou shalt bear their iniquity." 4.5. For I have appointed the years of their iniquity to be unto thee a number of days, even three hundred and ninety days; so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel." 31.8. The cedars in the garden of God Could not hide it; The cypress-trees were not Like its boughs, And the plane-trees were not As its branches; Nor was any tree in the garden of God Like unto it in its beauty." 31.9. I made it fair By the multitude of its branches; So that all the trees of Eden, That were in the garden of God, envied it." 31.18. To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shall thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth; thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised, with them that are slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.’" 36.35. And they shall say: This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited." 44.15. But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of My sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from Me, they shall come near to Me to minister unto Me; and they shall stand before Me to offer unto Me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD;" 47.1. And he brought me back unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward, for the forefront of the house looked toward the east; and the waters came down from under, from the right side of the house, on the south of the altar. 47.2. Then brought he me out by the way of the gate northward, and led me round by the way without unto the outer gate, by the way of the gate that looketh toward the east; and, behold, there trickled forth waters on the right side." 47.3. When the man went forth eastward with the line in his hand, he measured a thousand cubits, and he caused me to pass through the waters, waters that were to the ankles." 47.4. Again he measured a thousand, and caused me to pass through the waters, waters that were to the knees. Again he measured a thousand, and caused me to pass through waters that were to the loins." 47.5. Afterward he measured a thousand; and it was a river that I could not pass through; for the waters were risen, waters to swim in, a river that could not be passed through." 47.6. And he said unto me: ‘Hast thou seen this, O son of man?’ Then he led me, and caused me to return to the bank of the river." 47.7. Now when I had been brought back, behold, upon the bank of the river were very many trees on the one side and on the other." 47.8. Then said he unto me: ‘These waters issue forth toward the eastern region, and shall go down into the Arabah; and when they shall enter into the sea, into the sea of the putrid waters, the waters shall be healed." 47.9. And it shall come to pass, that every living creature wherewith it swarmeth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live; and there shall be a very great multitude of fish; for these waters are come thither, that all things be healed and may live whithersoever the river cometh." 47.10. And it shall come to pass, that fishers shall stand by it from En-gedi even unto En-eglaim; there shall be a place for the spreading of nets; their fish shall be after their kinds, as the fish of the Great Sea, exceeding many." 47.11. But the miry places thereof, and the marshes thereof, shall not be healed; they shall be given for salt." 47.12. And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow every tree for food, whose leaf shall not wither, neither shall the fruit thereof fail; it shall bring forth new fruit every month, because the waters thereof issue out of the sanctuary; and the fruit thereof shall be for food, and the leaf thereof for healing.’ ."
12. Hebrew Bible, Zechariah, 14.8 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

14.8. וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יֵצְאוּ מַיִם־חַיִּים מִירוּשָׁלִַם חֶצְיָם אֶל־הַיָּם הַקַּדְמוֹנִי וְחֶצְיָם אֶל־הַיָּם הָאַחֲרוֹן בַּקַּיִץ וּבָחֹרֶף יִהְיֶה׃ 14.8. And it shall come to pass in that day, That living waters shall go out from Jerusalem: Half of them toward the eastern sea, And half of them toward the western sea; In summer and in winter shall it be."
13. Anon., 1 Enoch, 25.5-25.6, 93.9 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

25.5. for ever. It shall then be given to the righteous and holy. Its fruit shall be for food to the elect: it shall be transplanted to the holy place, to the temple of the Lord, the Eternal King. 25.6. Then shall they rejoice with joy and be glad, And into the holy place shall they enter; And its fragrance shall be in their bones, And they shall live a long life on earth, Such as thy fathers lived:And in their days shall no sorrow or plague Or torment or calamity touch them.' 93.9. And after that in the seventh week shall an apostate generation arise, And many shall be its deeds, And all its deeds shall be apostate. 17. And they took and brought me to a place in which those who were there were like flaming fire,,and, when they wished, they appeared as men. And they brought me to the place of darkness, and to a mountain the point of whose summit reached to heaven. And I saw the places of the luminaries and the treasuries of the stars and of the thunder and in the uttermost depths, where were,a fiery bow and arrows and their quiver, and a fiery sword and all the lightnings. And they took,me to the living waters, and to the fire of the west, which receives every setting of the sun. And I came to a river of fire in which the fire flows like water and discharges itself into the great sea towards,the west. I saw the great rivers and came to the great river and to the great darkness, and went,to the place where no flesh walks. I saw the mountains of the darkness of winter and the place",whence all the waters of the deep flow. I saw the mouths of all the rivers of the earth and the mouth of the deep.
14. Anon., Jubilees, 8.12, 8.19 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

8.12. And in the sixth year thereof, she bare him a son, and he called his name Peleg; 8.19. and his portion goeth towards the west through the midst of this river, and it extendeth till it reacheth the water of the abysses, out of which this river goeth forth
15. Anon., Psalms of Solomon, 14.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

16. Anon., Testament of Levi, 18.10-18.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

17. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 4.22-4.23, 8.12-8.16 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

18. Dead Sea Scrolls, Damascus Document, 1.16 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

19. Dead Sea Scrolls, Damascus Document, 1.16 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

20. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 19.19, 49.8 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

49.8. It was Ezekiel who saw the vision of glory which God showed him above the chariot of the cherubim.
21. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 14.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

14.3. but it is thy providence, O Father, that steers its course,because thou hast given it a path in the sea,and a safe way through the waves
22. Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 18.16 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

18.16. He recounted to you Solomon's proverb, `There is a tree of life for those who do his will.'
23. Horace, Epodes, 16.51 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

24. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 10.383-10.387, 10.456-10.457 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

25. Vergil, Eclogues, 4.10, 4.22, 4.24-4.25, 4.28-4.29, 5.60-5.61 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.10. Only do thou, at the boy's birth in whom 4.22. reign o'er a world at peace. For thee, O boy 4.24. her childish gifts, the gadding ivy-spray 4.25. with foxglove and Egyptian bean-flower mixed 4.28. their udders swollen with milk, while flocks afield 4.29. hall of the monstrous lion have no fear. 5.60. in summer's heat. Nor on the reeds alone 5.61. but with thy voice art thou, thrice happy boy
26. Anon., 2 Baruch, 29.5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

27. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 13.3, 28.4 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

28. Artemidorus, Oneirocritica, 1.2, 1.73 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

29. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

30. Mishnah, Yoma, 5.1 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

5.1. They brought out to him the ladle and the pan and he took two hands full [of incense] and put it into the ladle, a large [high priest] according to his size, a small one according to his size and thus was its measure. He took the pan in his right hand and the ladle in his left hand. He walked through the Hechal until he came to the place between the two curtains which separated the Holy from the Holy of Holies; between them was [a space of] one cubit. Rabbi Yose says: there was but one curtain, as it is said: “And the curtain shall serve you as a partition between the Holy and the Holy of Holies” (Exodus 26:33). The outer curtain was looped on the south side and the inner curtain on the north side. He walked along between them until he reached the north side. When he reached the north side he turned round to the south and went on along the curtain, to his left, until he reached the Ark. When he reached the Ark he put the pan of burning coals between the two poles. He heaped up the incense upon the coals and the whole house became full with smoke. He came out by the way he entered and in the outer house he uttered a short prayer. He did not make the prayer long so as not to frighten Israel."
31. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 5.7, 11.24-11.25 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.7. Purge out the old yeast, that you may bea new lump, even as you are unleavened. For indeed Christ, ourPassover, has been sacrificed in our place. 11.24. When he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, "Take,eat. This is my body, which is broken for you. Do this in memory ofme. 11.25. In the same way he also took the cup, after supper,saying, "This cup is the new covet in my blood. Do this, as often asyou drink, in memory of me.
32. New Testament, Apocalypse, 1.12-1.20, 2.7-2.8, 3.5, 5.6-5.13, 6.9, 7.1-7.4, 7.13-7.17, 8.1, 12.11, 13.7, 14.1, 14.12-14.13, 15.3, 17.14, 18.23, 20.4-20.6, 21.6, 21.22-21.23, 22.1, 22.3-22.5, 22.14, 22.17, 22.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.12. I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. Having turned, I saw seven golden lampstands. 1.13. And in the midst of the lampstands was one like a son of man, clothed with a robe reaching down to his feet, and with a golden sash around his chest. 1.14. His head and his hair were white as white wool, like snow. His eyes were like a flame of fire. 1.15. His feet were like burnished brass, as if it had been refined in a furnace. His voice was like the voice of many waters. 1.16. He had seven stars in his right hand. Out of his mouth proceeded a sharp two-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining at its brightest. 1.17. When I saw him, I fell at his feet like a dead man. He laid his right hand on me, saying, "Don't be afraid. I am the first and the last 1.18. and the Living one. I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. I have the keys of Death and of Hades. 1.19. Write therefore the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will happen hereafter; 1.20. the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands. The seven stars are the angels of the seven assemblies. The seven lampstands are seven assemblies. 2.7. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. To him who overcomes I will give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the Paradise of my God. 2.8. To the angel of the assembly in Smyrna write: "The first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life says these things: 3.5. He who overcomes will be arrayed in white garments, and I will in no way blot his name out of the book of life, and I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels. 5.6. I saw in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth. 5.7. Then he came, and he took it out of the right hand of him who sat on the throne. 5.8. Now when he had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each one having a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. 5.9. They sang a new song, saying, "You are worthy to take the book, And to open its seals: For you were killed, And bought us for God with your blood, Out of every tribe, language, people, and nation 5.10. And made them kings and priests to our God, And they reign on earth. 5.11. I saw, and I heard something like a voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousands of ten thousands, and thousands of thousands; 5.12. saying with a loud voice, "Worthy is the Lamb who has been killed to receive the power, riches, wisdom, might, honor, glory, and blessing! 5.13. I heard every created thing which is in heaven, on the earth, under the earth, on the sea, and everything in them, saying, "To him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb be the blessing, the honor, the glory, and the dominion, forever and ever! Amen. 6.9. When he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed for the Word of God, and for the testimony of the Lamb which they had. 7.1. After this, I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, so that no wind would blow on the earth, or on the sea, or on any tree. 7.2. I saw another angel ascend from the sunrise, having the seal of the living God. He cried with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was given to harm the earth and the sea 7.3. saying, "Don't harm the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, until we have sealed the bondservants of our God on their foreheads! 7.4. I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred forty-four thousand, sealed out of every tribe of the children of Israel: 7.13. One of the elders answered, saying to me, "These who are arrayed in white robes, who are they, and where did they come from? 7.14. I told him, "My lord, you know."He said to me, "These are those who came out of the great tribulation. They washed their robes, and made them white in the Lamb's blood. 7.15. Therefore they are before the throne of God, they serve him day and night in his temple. He who sits on the throne will spread his tent over them. 7.16. They will never be hungry, neither thirsty any more; neither will the sun beat on them, nor any heat; 7.17. for the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne shepherds them, and leads them to living springs of waters. God will wipe away every tear from their eyes. 8.1. When he opened the seventh seal, there followed a silence in heaven for about half an hour. 12.11. They overcame him because of the Lamb's blood, and because of the word of their testimony. They didn't love their life, even to death. 13.7. It was given to him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them. Authority over every tribe, people, language, and nation was given to him. 14.1. I saw, and behold, the Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with him a number, one hundred forty-four thousand, having his name, and the name of his Father, written on their foreheads. 14.12. Here is the patience of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. 14.13. I heard the voice from heaven saying, "Write, 'Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.'""Yes," says the Spirit, "that they may rest from their labors; for their works follow with them. 15.3. They sang the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, "Great and marvelous are your works, Lord God, the Almighty; Righteous and true are your ways, you King of the nations. 17.14. These will war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings. They also will overcome who are with him, called and chosen and faithful. 18.23. The light of a lamp will shine no more at all in you. The voice of the bridegroom and of the bride will be heard no more at all in you; for your merchants were the princes of the earth; for with your sorcery all the nations were deceived. 20.4. I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn't worship the beast nor his image, and didn't receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 20.5. The rest of the dead didn't live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 20.6. Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 21.6. He said to me, "It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give freely to him who is thirsty from the spring of the water of life. 21.22. I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the Almighty, and the Lamb, are its temple. 21.23. The city has no need for the sun, neither of the moon, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 22.1. He showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb 22.3. There will be no curse any more. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants serve him. 22.4. They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads. 22.5. There will be no night, and they need no lamp light; for the Lord God will illuminate them. They will reign forever and ever. 22.14. Blessed are those who do his commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter in by the gates into the city. 22.17. The Spirit and the bride say, "Come!" He who hears, let him say, "Come!" He who is thirsty, let him come. He who desires, let him take the water of life freely. 22.19. If anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, may God take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book.
33. New Testament, Galatians, 2.15-2.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.15. We, being Jews by nature, and not Gentile sinners 2.16. yet knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law butthrough the faith of Jesus Christ, even we believed in Christ Jesus,that we might be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works ofthe law, because no flesh will be justified by the works of the law.
34. New Testament, John, 1.29, 1.35-1.37, 2.19-2.21, 4.7-4.15, 7.37-7.39, 14.2-14.3, 15.1-15.5, 18.28 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.29. The next day, he saw Jesus coming to him, and said, "Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! 1.35. Again, the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples 1.36. and he looked at Jesus as he walked, and said, "Behold, the Lamb of God! 1.37. The two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 2.19. Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. 2.20. The Jews therefore said, "Forty-six years was this temple in building, and will you raise it up in three days? 2.21. But he spoke of the temple of his body. 4.7. A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink. 4.8. For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food. 4.9. The Samaritan woman therefore said to him, "How is it that you, being a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?" (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) 4.10. Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, 'Give me a drink,' you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water. 4.11. The woman said to him, "Sir, you have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. From where then have you that living water? 4.12. Are you greater than our father, Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank of it himself, as did his sons, and his cattle? 4.13. Jesus answered her, "Everyone who drinks of this water will thirst again 4.14. but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never thirst again; but the water that I will give him will become in him a well of water springing up to eternal life. 4.15. The woman said to him, "Sir, give me this water, so that I don't get thirsty, neither come all the way here to draw. 7.37. Now on the last and greatest day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink! 7.38. He who believes in me, as the Scripture has said, from within him will flow rivers of living water. 7.39. But he said this about the Spirit, which those believing in him were to receive. For the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus wasn't yet glorified. 14.2. In my Father's house are many mansions. If it weren't so, I would have told you. I am going to prepare a place for you. 14.3. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and will receive you to myself; that where I am, you may be there also. 15.1. I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer. 15.2. Every branch in me that doesn't bear fruit, he takes away. Every branch that bears fruit, he prunes, that it may bear more fruit. 15.3. You are already pruned clean because of the word which I have spoken to you. 15.4. Remain in me, and I in you. As the branch can't bear fruit by itself, unless it remains in the vine, so neither can you, unless you remain in me. 15.5. I am the vine. You are the branches. He who remains in me, and I in him, the same bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. 18.28. They led Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium. It was early, and they themselves didn't enter into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the Passover.
35. New Testament, Luke, 3.9, 22.2-22.3, 22.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.9. Even now the ax also lies at the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that doesn't bring forth good fruit is cut down, and thrown into the fire. 22.2. The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put him to death, for they feared the people. 22.3. Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered with the twelve. 22.19. He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and gave to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me.
36. New Testament, Mark, 4.32 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.32. yet when it is sown, grows up, and becomes greater than all the herbs, and puts out great branches, so that the birds of the sky can lodge under its shadow.
37. New Testament, Matthew, 3.10, 7.17-7.19, 12.33 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.10. Even now the ax lies at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that doesn't bring forth good fruit is cut down, and cast into the fire. 7.17. Even so, every good tree produces good fruit; but the corrupt tree produces evil fruit. 7.18. A good tree can't produce evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree produce good fruit. 7.19. Every tree that doesn't grow good fruit is cut down, and thrown into the fire. 12.33. Either make the tree good, and its fruit good, or make the tree corrupt, and its fruit corrupt; for the tree is known by its fruit.
38. Ps.-Philo, Biblical Antiquities, 11.15 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

39. Anon., Genesis Rabba, 55.7 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

55.7. וַיֹּאמֶר קַח נָא אֶת בִּנְךָ וגו' (בראשית כב, ב), אָמַר לוֹ בְבַקָּשָׁה מִמְּךָ קַח נָא אֶת בִּנְךָ, אָמַר לֵיהּ תְּרֵין בְּנִין אִית לִי אֵי זֶה בֵּן, אָמַר לוֹ: אֶת יְחִידְךָ. אָמַר לוֹ זֶה יָחִיד לְאִמּוֹ וְזֶה יָחִיד לְאִמּוֹ. אָמַר לוֹ: אֲשֶׁר אָהַבְתָּ. אָמַר לוֹ אִית תְּחוּמִין בִּמְעַיָא. אָמַר לוֹ: אֶת יִצְחָק. וְלָמָּה לֹא גִּלָּה לוֹ מִיָּד, כְּדֵי לְחַבְּבוֹ בְּעֵינָיו וְלִתֵּן לוֹ שָׂכָר עַל כָּל דִּבּוּר וְדִבּוּר, הִיא דַעְתֵּיהּ דְּרַבִּי יוֹחָנָן דְּאָמַר רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן (בראשית יב, א): לֶךְ לְךָ, זוֹ אִפַּרְכִיָה שֶׁלָּךְ (בראשית יב, א): וּמִמּוֹלַדְתְּךָ, זוֹ שְׁכוּנָתְךָ, (בראשית יב, א): מִבֵּית אָבִיךָ, זוֹ בֵּית אָבִיךָ, (בראשית יב, א): אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אַרְאֶךָּ. וְלָמָּה לֹא גִלָּה לוֹ מִיָּד, כְּדֵי לְחַבְּבָהּ בְּעֵינָיו וְלִתֵּן לוֹ שָׂכָר עַל כָּל דִּבּוּר וְדִבּוּר וְעַל כָּל פְּסִיעָה וּפְסִיעָה. אָמַר רַבִּי לֵוִי בַּר חָיְתָא, שְׁנֵי פְּעָמִים כְּתִיב לֶךְ לְךָ, וְאֵין אָנוּ יוֹדְעִים אֵי זֶה חֲבִיבָה אִם הָרִאשׁוֹנָה אִם הַשְּׁנִיָּה, מִן מַה דִּכְתִיב וְלֶךְ לְךָ אֶל אֶרֶץ הַמֹּרִיָה, הֱוֵי שְׁנִיָּה חֲבִיבָה מִן הָרִאשׁוֹנָה. וְלֶךְ לְךָ אֶל אֶרֶץ הַמֹּרִיָּה, רַבִּי חִיָּא רַבָּה וְרַבִּי יַנַּאי, חַד אָמַר לַמָּקוֹם שֶׁהוֹרָאָה יָצְאָה לָעוֹלָם, וְאוֹחָרָנָא אָמַר לַמָּקוֹם שֶׁיִּרְאָה יָצְאָה לָעוֹלָם. דִּכְוָתָהּ דְּבִיר, רַבִּי חִיָּא וְרַבִּי יַנַּאי, חַד אָמַר מִמָּקוֹם שֶׁהַדִּבְּרוֹת יוֹצְאוֹת לָעוֹלָם, וְחַד אָמַר מִמָּקוֹם שֶׁהַדִּבּוּר יוֹצֵא לָעוֹלָם. דִּכְוָתָה אָרוֹן, רַבִּי חִיָּא וְרַבִּי יַנַּאי, חַד אָמַר לַמָּקוֹם שֶׁהָאוֹרָה יוֹצְאָה לָעוֹלָם, וְחַד אָמַר מָקוֹם שֶׁיִּרְאָה יוֹצֵא לָעוֹלָם. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן לֵוִי שֶׁמִּשָּׁם הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מוֹרֶה לְאֻמּוֹת הָעוֹלָם וּמוֹרִידָם לְגֵיהִנֹּם. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי אָמַר לַמָּקוֹם שֶׁהוּא רָאוּי כְּנֶגֶד בֵּית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ לְמַעְלָה. רַבִּי יוּדָן אָמַר לַמָּקוֹם שֶׁיְהֵא מָרְאֶה לָךְ. רַבִּי פִּינְחָס אָמַר לַאֲתַר מַרְוָתָא דְּעַָלְמָא. רַבָּנָן אָמְרֵי לַמָּקוֹם שֶׁהַקְּטֹרֶת קְרֵבִין, הֵיאךְ מָה דְאַתְּ אָמַר (שיר השירים ד, ו): אֵלֶךְ לִי אֶל הַר הַמּוֹר וְאֶל גִּבְעַת הַלְּבוֹנָה. (בראשית כב, ב): וְהַעֲלֵהוּ שָׁם לְעֹלָה, רַבִּי יוּדָן בַּר סִימוֹן אָמַר, אָמַר לְפָנָיו רִבּוֹן הָעוֹלָמִים יֵשׁ קָרְבָּן. בְּלֹא כֹהֵן, אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא כְּבָר מִנִּיתִיךָ שֶׁתְּהֵא כֹהֵן, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (תהלים קי, ד): אַתָּה כֹהֵן לְעוֹלָם. (בראשית כב, ב): עַל אַחַד הֶהָרִים אֲשֶׁר אֹמַר אֵלֶיךָ, ַר רַבִּי הוּנָא מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר בְּנוֹ שֶׁל רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מַתְהֶא וּמַתְלֶה בְּעֵינֵיהֶם שֶׁל צַדִּיקִים וְאַחַר כָּךְ הוּא מְגַלֶּה לָהֶם טַעֲמוֹ שֶׁל דָּבָר (בראשית יב, א): אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אַרְאֶךָּ. עַל אַחַד הֶהָרִים וגו'. דִּכְוָתָהּ (יונה ג, ב): וּקְרָא אֵלֶיהָ אֶת הַקְּרִיאָה אֲשֶׁר וגו', דִּכְוָתָהּ (יחזקאל ג, כב): קוּם צֵא אֶל הַבִּקְעָה וְשָׁם אֲדַבֵּר אוֹתָךְ. 55.7. And He said: Take, please, your son, etc. (22:2). Said God to him: ‘Take, I beg you\" — please —Your son.’ ‘Which son? I have two sons’ he said. ‘Your only son,’ replied He. ‘This one is the only one of his mother, and this one is the only one of his mother.’ \"The one you love\"—‘Is there a limit to the affections?’ \"Itzchak\" said He. And why did God not reveal it to him without delay? In order to make him [Itzchak] even more beloved in his eyes and reward him for each and every word spoken. This agrees with the opinion of Rabbi Yoha, who said: \"Get out of your country\" (Gen. 12:1) means from your province; “And from your kindred” (Gen. 12:1)—from your neighborhood; “And from your father’s house\"(Gen. 12:1)—literally your father’s house. “To the land that I will show you” (Gen. 12:1). Why did He not reveal it to him there and then? In order to make it more beloved in his eyes and to reward him for each and every word said, and for each and every step taken. Rabbi Levi b. Hayata said: ‘Get you’ is written twice, and we do not know which was more precious [in the eyes of God] the first or the second. But when it is written, “And get you to the land of Moriah” (22:2) it follows that the second occasion was more precious than the first. \"And go yourself to the land of Moriah\" Rabbi Chiya Raba and Rabbi Yanai [disagree]: one says to the place from which instruction (hora’ah) goes out to the world, and the other says to the place from which awe (yirah) goes out to the world. Similarly regarding the Holy of Holies (devir), Rabbi Chiya and Rabbi Yanai [disagree]: one says from the place from which the commandments (dibra’ot) go out to the world, and one says from the place from which speech (dibur) goes out to the world. Similarly regarding the ark (aron), Rabbi Chiya and Rabbi Yanai [disagree]: one says to the place from which the light (ha’orah) goes out to the world, and one says to the place where awe (yirah) goes out to the world. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said that from there the Holy One instructs [mor'eh] the nations of the world and brings them down [moridam] to Gehinnom. Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai said, to the place which is aligned [ra'ui] with the Holy Temple above. Rabbi Yudan said, to the place where there will be an appearance [mar'eh] to you. Rabbi Pinchas said, to the place of the Master [marvatah] of the World. The Rabbis said, to the place where the incense is offered – this is what it says “…I will go to the mountain of myrrh and to the hill of frankincense.” (Shir HaShirim 4:6) \"And offer Him there as a burnt-offering (Gen. 22:2). Rabbi Yudan bar Simon said: He [Avraham] said to Him: ‘Master of the Universe! Can there be a sacrifice without a priest?’ The Holy One of Blessing replied ‘I have already appointed you to be a priest’ as it is written, ‘You are a priest for ever’ (Ps. 110:4). \"On one of the mountains which I will tell you of (Gen. 22:2). Rabbi Huna said in the name of Rabbi Eliezer the son of Rabbi Yosei HaGelili: The Holy One of Blessing first places the righteous in doubt and suspense, and then reveals to them the real meaning of the matter, as it is written \"to the land that I will show you (Gen. 12:1); \"On one of the mountains which I will tell you\"; \"And make to it the proclamation that I bid you (Jonah 3:2); similarly, \"Arise, go out into the plain and I will there speak with you (Ezek. 3:22)."
40. Anon., Odes of Solomon, 20.7 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

41. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 5.33.4 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

42. Tertullian, Against The Jews, 3 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

3. But Abraham, (you say,) was circumcised. Yes, but he pleased God before his circumcision; nor yet did he observe the Sabbath. For he had accepted circumcision; but such as was to be for a sign of that time, not for a prerogative title to salvation. In fact, subsequent patriarchs were uncircumcised, like Melchizedek, who, uncircumcised, offered to Abraham himself, already circumcised, on his return from battle, bread and wine. But again, (you say) the son of Moses would upon one occasion have been choked by an angel, if Zipporah, had not circumcised the foreskin of the infant with a pebble; whence, there is the greatest peril if any fail to circumcise the foreskin of his flesh. Nay, but if circumcision altogether brought salvation, even Moses himself, in the case of his own son, would not have omitted to circumcise him on the eighth day; whereas it is agreed that Zipporah did it on the journey, at the compulsion of the angel. Consider we, accordingly, that one single infant's compulsory circumcision cannot have prescribed to every people, and founded, as it were, a law for keeping this precept. For God, foreseeing that He was about to give this circumcision to the people of Israel for a sign, not for salvation, urges the circumcision of the son of Moses, their future leader, for this reason; that, since He had begun, through him, to give the People the precept of circumcision, the people should not despise it, from seeing this example (of neglect) already exhibited conspicuously in their leader's son. For circumcision had to be given; but as a sign, whence Israel in the last time would have to be distinguished, when, in accordance with their deserts, they should be prohibited from entering the holy city, as we see through the words of the prophets, saying, Your land is desert; your cities utterly burnt with fire; your country, in your sight, strangers shall eat up; and, deserted and subverted by strange peoples, the daughter of Zion shall be derelict, like a shed in a vineyard, and like a watchhouse in a cucumber-field, and as it were a city which is being stormed. Why so? Because the subsequent discourse of the prophet reproaches them, saying, Sons have I begotten and upraised, but they have reprobated me; and again, And if you shall have outstretched hands, I will avert my face from you; and if you shall have multiplied prayers, I will not hear you: for your hands are full of blood; Isaiah 1:15 and again, Woe! sinful nation; a people full of sins; wicked sons; you have quite forsaken God, and have provoked unto indignation the Holy One of Israel. Isaiah 1:4 This, therefore, was God's foresight - that of giving circumcision to Israel, for a sign whence they might be distinguished when the time should arrive wherein their above-mentioned deserts should prohibit their admission into Jerusalem: which circumstance, because it was to be, used to be announced; and, because we see it accomplished, is recognised by us. For, as the carnal circumcision, which was temporary, was in wrought for a sign in a contumacious people, so the spiritual has been given for salvation to an obedient people; while the prophet Jeremiah says, Make a renewal for you, and sow not in thorns; be circumcised to God, and circumcise the foreskin of your heart: and in another place he says, Behold, days shall come, says the Lord, and I will draw up, for the house of Judah and for the house of Jacob, a new testament; not such as I once gave their fathers in the day wherein I led them out from the land of Egypt. Whence we understand that the coming cessation of the former circumcision then given, and the coming procession of a new law (not such as He had already given to the fathers), are announced: just as Isaiah foretold, saying that in the last days the mount of the Lord and the house of God were to be manifest above the tops of the mounts: And it shall be exalted, he says, above the hills; and there shall come over it all nations; and many shall walk, and say, Come, ascend we unto the mount of the Lord, and unto the house of the God of Jacob, Isaiah 2:2-3 - not of Esau, the former son, but of Jacob, the second; that is, of our people, whose mount is Christ, pr cised without concisors' hands, filling every land, shown in the book of Daniel. In short, the coming procession of a new law out of this house of the God of Jacob Isaiah in the ensuing words announces, saying, For from Zion shall go out a law, and the word of the Lord out of Jerusalem, and shall judge among the nations,- that is, among us, who have been called out of the nations -and they shall join to beat their glaives into ploughs, and their lances into sickles; and nations shall not take up glaive against nation, and they shall no more learn to fight. Isaiah 2:3-4 Who else, therefore, are understood but we, who, fully taught by the new law, observe these practices - the old law being obliterated, the coming of whose abolition the action itself demonstrates? For the wont of the old law was to avenge itself by the vengeance of the glaive, and to pluck out eye for eye, and to inflict retaliatory revenge for injury. But the new law's wont was to point to clemency, and to convert to tranquillity the pristine ferocity of glaives and lances, and to remodel the pristine execution of war upon the rivals and foes of the law into the pacific actions of ploughing and tilling the land. Therefore as we have shown above that the coming cessation of the old law and of the carnal circumcision was declared, so, too, the observance of the new law and the spiritual circumcision has shone out into the voluntary obediences of peace. For a people, he says, whom I knew not has served me; in obedience of the ear it has obeyed me. Prophets made the announcement. But what is the people which was ignorant of God, but ours, who in days bygone knew not God? And who, in the hearing of the ear, gave heed to Him, but we, who, forsaking idols, have been converted to God? For Israel- who had been known to God, and who had by Him been upraised in Egypt, and was transported through the Red Sea, and who in the desert, fed forty years with manna, was wrought to the semblance of eternity, and not contaminated with human passions, or fed on this world's meats, but fed on angel's loaves - the manna - and sufficiently bound to God by His benefits - forgot his Lord and God, saying to Aaron: Make us gods, to go before us: for that Moses, who ejected us from the land of Egypt, has quite forsaken us; and what has befallen him we know not. And accordingly we, who were not the people of God in days bygone, have been made His people, by accepting the new law above mentioned, and the new circumcision before foretold.
43. Tertullian, On Flight In Persecution, 1.5 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

44. Theophilus, To Autolycus, 2.24, 2.26 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

2.24. God, then, caused to spring out of the earth every tree that is beautiful in appearance, or good for food. For at first there were only those things which were produced on the third day - plants, and seeds, and herbs; but the things which were in Paradise were made of a superior loveliness and beauty, since in it the plants were said to have been planted by God. As to the rest of the plants, indeed, the world contained plants like them; but the two trees - the tree of life and the tree of knowledge - the rest of the earth possessed not, but only Paradise. And that Paradise is earth, and is planted on the earth, the Scripture states, saying: Genesis 2:8 And the Lord God planted Paradise in Eden eastwards, and placed man there; and out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. By the expressions, therefore, out of the ground, and eastwards, the holy writing clearly teaches us that Paradise is under this heaven, under which the east and the earth are. And the Hebrew word Eden signifies delight. And it was signified that a river flowed out of Eden to water Paradise, and after that divides into four heads; of which the two called Pison and Gihon water the eastern parts, especially Gihon, which encompasses the whole land of Ethiopia, and which, they say, reappears in Egypt under the name of Nile. And the other two rivers are manifestly recognisable by us - those called Tigris and Euphrates - for these border on our own regions. And God having placed man in Paradise, as has been said, to till and keep it, commanded him to eat of all the trees - manifestly of the tree of life also; but only of the tree of knowledge He commanded him not to taste. And God transferred him from the earth, out of which he had been produced, into Paradise, giving him means of advancement, in order that, maturing and becoming perfect, and being even declared a god, he might thus ascend into heaven in possession of immortality. For man had been made a middle nature, neither wholly mortal, nor altogether immortal, but capable of either; so also the place, Paradise, was made in respect of beauty intermediate between earth and heaven. And by the expression, till it, no other kind of labour is implied than the observance of God's command, lest, disobeying, he should destroy himself, as indeed he did destroy himself, by sin. 2.26. And God showed great kindness to man in this, that He did not allow him to remain in sin for ever; but, as it were, by a kind of banishment, cast him out of Paradise, in order that, having by punishment expiated, within an appointed time, the sin, and having been disciplined, he should afterwards be restored. Wherefore also, when man had been formed in this world, it is mystically written in Genesis, as if he had been twice placed in Paradise; so that the one was fulfilled when he was placed there, and the second will be fulfilled after the resurrection and judgment. For just as a vessel, when on being fashioned it has some flaw, is remoulded or remade, that it may become new and entire; so also it happens to man by death. For somehow or other he is broken up, that he may rise in the resurrection whole; I mean spotless, and righteous, and immortal. And as to God's calling, and saying, Where are you, Adam? God did this, not as if ignorant of this; but, being long-suffering, He gave him an opportunity of repentance and confession.
45. Babylonian Talmud, Yoma, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

54b. כאיש המעורה בלוייה שלו אמר ריש לקיש בשעה שנכנסו נכרים להיכל ראו כרובים המעורין זה בזה הוציאון לשוק ואמרו ישראל הללו שברכתן ברכה וקללתן קללה יעסקו בדברים הללו מיד הזילום שנאמר (איכה א, ח) כל מכבדיה הזילוה כי ראו ערותה,ושתיה היתה נקראת תנא שממנה הושתת העולם תנן כמאן דאמר מציון נברא העולם דתניא רבי אליעזר אומר עולם מאמצעיתו נברא שנאמר (איוב לח, לח) בצקת עפר למוצק ורגבים ידובקו,רבי יהושע אומר עולם מן הצדדין נברא שנאמר (איוב לז, ו) כי לשלג יאמר הוי ארץ וגשם מטר וגשם מטרות עוזו רבי יצחק (נפחא) אמר אבן ירה הקב"ה בים ממנו נשתת העולם שנאמר (איוב לח, ו) על מה אדניה הטבעו או מי ירה אבן פנתה,וחכמים אומרים מציון נברא שנאמר (תהלים נ, א) מזמור לאסף אל אלהים ה' ואומר מציון מכלל יופי ממנו מוכלל יפיו של עולם,תניא ר' אליעזר הגדול אומר (בראשית ב, ד) אלה תולדות השמים והארץ בהבראם ביום עשות ה' אלהים ארץ ושמים תולדות שמים משמים נבראו תולדות הארץ מארץ נבראו,וחכמים אומרים אלו ואלו מציון נבראו שנאמר מזמור לאסף אל אלהים ה' דבר ויקרא ארץ ממזרח שמש עד מבואו ואומר מציון מכלל יופי אלהים הופיע ממנו מוכלל יופיו של עולם,נטל את הדם ממי שממרס בו וכו' מאי כמצליף מחוי רב יהודה 54b. It means blike a manjoined and bclinging to his ilivaya /i,his partner, i.e., his wife. In other words, the cherubs appeared to be embracing one another. bReish Lakish said: When gentilesdestroyed the Second Temple and bentered the Sanctuary, they sawthese drawings of bcherubs clinging to one another.They peeled them from the wall, btook them out to the market, and said: These Jews, whose blessing is a blessing and whose curse is a curse,due to their great fear of God, should bthey be occupied with such matters,making images of this kind? bThey immediately debasedand destroyed bthem, as it is stated: “All who honored her debase her because they have seen her nakedness”(Lamentations 1:8).,§ The mishna taught that a stone sat in the Holy of Holies band it was calledthe bfoundation [ ishetiyya /i]rock. A Sage btaughtin the iTosefta /i: Why was it called ishetiyya /i? It is bbecause the world was created [ ihushtat /i] from it.The Gemara comments: bWe learnedthe mishna bin accordance withthe opinion of bthe one who saidthat bthe world was created from Zion. As it was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Eliezer says: The world was created from its center, as it is stated: “When the dust runs into a mass, and the clods cleave fast together”(Job 38:38). The world was created by adding matter to the center, like the formation of clumps of earth., bRabbi Yehoshua says:The bworld was created from the sides, as it is stated: “For He said to the snow: Become the earth, likewise to the shower of rain, and to the showers of His mighty rain”(Job 37:6). This verse indicates that the rains fell from all sides, which led to the creation of the earth. bRabbi Yitzḥak Nappaḥa said: The Holy One, Blessed be He, cast a stone into the sea, from which the world was created, as it is stated: “Upon what were its foundations fastened; or who laid its cornerstone?”(Job 38:6)., bAnd the Rabbis say:The world bwas created from Zion, as it is stated: “A Psalm of Asaph. God, the Lord Godhas spoken and called the earth, from the rising of the sun to its place of setting” (Psalms 50:1), band it states: “Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty,God has shined forth” (Psalms 50:2). The mishna is taught in accordance with this last opinion., bIt was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Eliezer the Great says: “These are the generations of the heaven and the earth when they were created, on the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven”(Genesis 2:4) means that the bgenerations of the heavens,i.e., all things found in the heavens, bwere created from the heavens,while the bgenerations of the earth were created from the earth. /b, bAnd the Rabbis say: Both these and those were created from Zion, as it is stated: “A Psalm of Asaph. God, the Lord God has spoken and called the earth, from the rising of the sun to its place of setting,” and it says: “Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God has shined forth,”i.e., bfromZion bthe beauty of the world was perfected,which includes both the generations of the heavens and the generations of the earth.,§ The mishna taught that the High Priest btook the bloodof the bull bfromthe one bwho was stirring itso it would not coagulate, band he enteredand sprinkled it like one who whips. The Gemara asks: bWhat isthe meaning of: bLike one who whips? Rav Yehuda demonstratedthe action with his hand
46. Lactantius, De Ave Phoenice, 10-19, 2, 20-24, 3-9, 1 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

47. Methodius of Olympus, Symposium, 9.3 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

48. Nag Hammadi, The Gospel of Thomas, 19, 17 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

49. Nag Hammadi, The Paraphrase of Shem, 36 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

50. Origen, On First Principles, 4.2.4 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

51. Anon., 2 Enoch, 8.3

52. Anon., 3 Baruch, 4.8

53. Anon., 4 Ezra, 2.12, 8.52

2.12. The tree of life shall give them fragrant perfume, and they shall neither toil nor become weary. 8.52. because it is for you that paradise is opened, the tree of life is planted, the age to come is prepared, plenty is provided, a city is built, rest is appointed, goodness is established and wisdom perfected beforehand.
54. Anon., 4 Baruch, 9.16-9.18

9.16. And the tree of life planted in the midst of paradise will cause all the unfruitful trees to bear fruit, and will grow and sprout forth. 9.17. And the trees that had sprouted and became haughty and said:"We have supplied our power (?) to the air," he will cause them to wither, with the grandeur of their branches, and he will cause them to be judged -- that firmly rooted tree! 9.18. And what is crimson will become white as wool -- the snow will be blackened -- the sweet waters will become salty, and the salty sweet, in the intense light of the joy of God.
55. Anon., Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer, 35, 10



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam, expulsion of Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 230
adam Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232, 313
adapa Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 7
agriculture Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
alien, the Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
allegory, figurative Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 209
allogenes (nhc xi) Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
allusion Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184
altar Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
alulim Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 7
angel, angelic Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
angle Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193, 200, 209, 313
anu Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 7
apocalypse, illustrated Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
apocalypse Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 185, 186, 193, 200, 209, 210
apocalypse of baruch Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
apocalypse of john Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
apollo Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
apple Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
archangel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
artemidorus Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193, 200, 210
ascent to heaven Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
balancing scales Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 33
baptism, of five seals Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
baptism Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232; Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
barbelo Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
beast, the beast Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 185
benjamin, walter Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
birth of the child Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
blood Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
bodies, revelation and Cadwallader, Stones, Bones and the Sacred: Essays on Material Culture and Religion in Honor of Dennis E (2016) 124
body, bodies athletes Cadwallader, Stones, Bones and the Sacred: Essays on Material Culture and Religion in Honor of Dennis E (2016) 124
body, of christ Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232
body Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229; Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
bowl Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 185
byzantines Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232
canonical Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371
celebration Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
center Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 210, 313, 371, 382
cherub Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125
christ, acts of Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229, 230
christ, as tree of life Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 230, 232
christ Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371, 382
christianity Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 229
community Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
constantine the great (emperor) Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
covenant Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
creationism Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371
cross Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229, 230, 232, 382; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
dead sea scrolls, qumran Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
death Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371
deep, tehom Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
delphi Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
dream Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200, 210
dreams Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
ea Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 7
earth, new Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 210, 313
earth Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
eating, from the tree of life Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200, 209, 210
eating Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 7, 209, 210, 382
echo, eden, garden of Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 200, 209, 210
echo Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 210
eden Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 313
ekphrasis Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
elysian fields Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229
emperor Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
england Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
eriugena, john scotus Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 210
eschatological, paradise Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
eschatological, transformation Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
eschatology Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 186, 217; Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228; Neuwirth, Sinai and Marx,The Qurʾān in Context: Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qurʾānic Milieu (2010)" 625; Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308; Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
eternal life Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371
eucharist Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232
eve Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 313
exodus Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125
experience Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
ezekiel Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376; Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
fall of the watchers Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 33
fertility Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228; Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
feuchtwang, d. Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
floodwaters, focus, point of Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
fragrances Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
franciscans Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
fruit Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200, 209, 210, 313, 371, 382; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
fruitculture Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
garden Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371, 382
garden of eden Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
gaul Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
gentiles, in christian discourse Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
gentiles Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
ghana Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 382
gihon, river or spring Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
glory, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
gnostic texts Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 78
god, people dwelling with Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
god Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
gospel Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 230
grain Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
greek Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 185, 229
harvest, ingathering Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
healing Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125; Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
heaven, new Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 210, 313
hell Neuwirth, Sinai and Marx,The Qurʾān in Context: Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qurʾānic Milieu (2010)" 625
hiddenness Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
historical-critical interpretation Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 382
holy spirit Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232
homer Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229
horace Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
human/humankind Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
humanity, immortality Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 78
idolatry Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
image xvi Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
imagination Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 210
immortality Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 382
inspiration Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
israel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451; Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
italy Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
ivory panels Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
jerusalem, eschatological role of Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61
jerusalem, new Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217
jerusalem Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217; Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228; Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
jesus, entry into paradise Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 78
jesus Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125, 193
jesus christ, in the fourth gospel Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
jew/jewish, literature/ authors Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
john, author of revelation Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
john, evangelist Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232, 313
john, fourth gospel' "151.0_376.0@law, god's" Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
justice Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
killing Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
lamb Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
lamb of god Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125, 200
lampstand Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
latin Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229
levenson, j. Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
life, concept of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
life-giving fragrance Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125
literal reading Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200, 209, 210, 217, 371
literary artistry Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 185, 186
literary structure of surahs Neuwirth, Sinai and Marx,The Qurʾān in Context: Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qurʾānic Milieu (2010)" 625
literature Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
liturgical expressions/elements Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 408
liturgy, heavenly Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
liturgy Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 382
marah Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125
merkava xiii–xvi, xix Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
metaphor, non- Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 186
metaphor Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 7, 210
mona lisa Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
monarchianism Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
mosaics Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
mt zion Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
multistability Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 185, 186, 193, 200, 209, 210
myth Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
narrative Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 185, 186, 193, 371, 382
necker cube Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
new jerusalem Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 313, 371, 382
new testament Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 230
oil, mercy, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
old testament Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 230, 232
order Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 382
other, the, and the gentiles Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
other, the Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
palm Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229
papias Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
paradise, as destination of saints Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232
paradise, as eden Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229, 230, 232
paradise, church and Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 78
paradise, eschatological reality Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61, 78
paradise, fruit in Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61
paradise, in new testament Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61
paradise, nourishment in Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61
paradise, promise of Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61
paradise, rivers of Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61
paradise Neuwirth, Sinai and Marx,The Qurʾān in Context: Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qurʾānic Milieu (2010)" 625
parallelism/repetition Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 434
paul (saul) Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
peace, among animals Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
performance Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
philo of alexandria Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
phoenix Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229
plotinus Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
polyvalency Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 185, 186, 193, 200, 209, 210
power Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
presence, divine Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125, 382
priest, priesthood Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
priest Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
proverbial Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 382
psalm Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 280
ptolemy Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
rabbinic literature Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
religion Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371
repentance Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 434
representation Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
resurrection, entrants of paradise Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 78
resurrection Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
rhetoric Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193
rhetorics, rhetoric Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
righteousness/the righteous/the just Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 408
river, of life Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 186, 230, 313, 371
river Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 230
rome Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
sabbath Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
sacrament Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200, 371
sacrifice Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
saints Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232
salerno, museo diocesano Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
salerno ivories Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
salvation Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 230
sanctuary Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
sea, seaside, seascapes Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
semitisms Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 439
serpent Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229, 371
serpent (of paradise) Neuwirth, Sinai and Marx,The Qurʾān in Context: Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qurʾānic Milieu (2010)" 625
sethians Iricinschi et al., Beyond the Gnostic Gospels: Studies Building on the Work of Elaine Pagels (2013) 215
setting, scene Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 193, 200
shadow effect Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200
sign Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 210, 371
simile Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184, 217
sin Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 229, 232
sinners Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
son of god Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 434
space, spatial Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
space Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200, 209
spain Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
spirit, characterizations as, breath (life itself) Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
spirit, characterizations as, holy Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
spirit, characterizations as, water Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
spirit, modes of presence, indwelling Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
spirit, modes of presence, receiving of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376
stern, s. Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 286
sunday Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
supercessionism Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 434
symbol Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 185, 200, 210, 371, 382
temple Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 376; Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59; Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308; Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
temple in jerusalem, altar of Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 408
the victor Cadwallader, Stones, Bones and the Sacred: Essays on Material Culture and Religion in Honor of Dennis E (2016) 124
theophany Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125
throne, enthroned Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
throne Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125, 186, 200, 209, 210; Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61; Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
time Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 186; Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
topographia Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
torah/torah Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 184
torah Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 439; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
trauma, traumatic Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59
tree, in the literal sense Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 200, 209, 210
tree, in the metaphoric sense Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 209, 210
tree, in the symbolic sense Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 209, 210
tree, life, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
tree, of knowledge of good and evil Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 217, 229, 313
tree of knowledge, eschatological reality Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 61
tree of life Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 408
trees, living Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 408
trinitarian Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 371
trinity college apocalypse Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 313
trisagion Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 408
unleavened bread' Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 220
vine Rubenstein, The History of Sukkot in the Second Temple and Rabbinic Periods (1995) 125
virgil Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
vision Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 186, 193, 200, 209, 210, 230; Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 59; Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 308
visual texture Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 186, 193, 210
viticulture Huttner, Early Christianity in the Lycus Valley (2013) 228
vulgate Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 186
water Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125, 217, 229, 230
wealth Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 451
wilderness Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 125
wisdom Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 232, 382
yom kippur Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 408