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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



7589
Lycophron, Alexandra, 722-725
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

5 results
1. Homer, Odyssey, 11.235-11.253, 12.37-12.54, 12.165-12.200 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

2. Lycophron, Alexandra, 1022-1026, 1047-1055, 1087-1089, 1109, 1131, 1206-1207, 1226-1284, 1291, 1295, 1362-1368, 1372-1373, 139-140, 1451-1460, 178, 216-218, 224-228, 249-257, 307, 31, 361, 379-380, 387-398, 405-408, 455, 52, 535-568, 584-585, 592-632, 684, 69-71, 712-721, 723-743, 799-800, 812-813, 856-858, 911-950, 984-992, 1021 (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 4.22.3 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.22.3.  These, then, are the deeds of Heracles in the regions mentioned above. And moving on from there he came to a certain rock in the country of the people of Poseidonia, where the myths relate that a peculiar and marvellous thing once took place. There was, that is, among the natives of the region a certain hunter, the fame of whom had gone abroad because of his brave exploits in hunting. On former occasions it had been his practice to dedicate to Artemis the heads and feet of the animals he secured and to nail them to the trees, but once, when he had overpowered a huge wild boar, he said, as though in contempt of the goddess, "The head of the beast I dedicate to myself," and bearing out this words he hung the head on a tree, and then, the atmosphere being very warm, at midday he fell asleep. And while he was thus asleep the thong broke, and the head fell down of itself upon the sleeper and killed him.
4. Strabo, Geography, 5.1.1, 5.4.3, 5.4.7-5.4.8, 6.1.1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.4.7. After Dicaearchia is Neapolis, a city of the Cumaeans. At a later time it was re-colonised by Chalcidians, and also by some Pithecussaeans and Athenians, and hence, for this reason, was called Neapolis. A monument of Parthenope, one of the Sirens, is pointed out in Neapolis, and in accordance with an oracle a gymnastic contest is celebrated there. But at a still later time, as the result of a dissension, they admitted some of the Campani as fellow-inhabitants, and thus they were forced to treat their worst enemies as their best friends, now that they had alienated their proper friends. This is disclosed by the names of their demarchs, for the earliest names are Greek only, whereas the later are Greek mixed with Campanian. And very many traces of Greek culture are preserved there — gymnasia, ephebeia, phratriae, and Greek names of things, although the people are Romans. And at the present time a sacred contest is celebrated among them every four years, in music as well as gymnastics; it lasts for several days, and vies with the pmost famous of those celebrated in Greece. Here, too, there is a tunnel — the mountain between Dicaearchia and Neapolis having been tunneled like the one leading to Cumae, and a road having been opened up for a distance of many stadia that is wide enough to allow teams going in opposite directions to pass each other. And windows have been cut out at many places, and thus the light of day is brought down from the surface of the mountain along shafts that are of considerable depth. Furthermore, Neapolis has springs of hot water and bathing-establishments that are not inferior to those at Baiae, although it is far short of Baiae in the number of people, for at Baiae, where palace on palace has been built, one after another, a new city has arisen, not inferior to Dicaearchia. And greater vogue is given to the Greek mode of life at Neapolis by the people who withdraw thither from Rome for the sake of rest — I mean the class who have made their livelihood by training the young, or still others who, because of old age or infirmity, long to live in relaxation; and some of the Romans, too, taking delight in this way of living and observing the great number of men of the same culture as themselves sojourning there, gladly fall in love with the place and make it their permanent abode. 5.4.8. Next after Neapolis comes the Heracleian Fortress, with a promontory which runs out into the sea and so admirably catches the breezes of the southwest wind that it makes the settlement a healthful place to live in. Both this settlement and the one next after it, Pompaia (past which flows the River Sarnus), were once held by the Osci; then, by the Tyrrheni and the Pelasgi; and after that, by the Samnitae; but they, too, were ejected from the places. Pompaia, on the River Sarnus — a river which both takes the cargoes inland and sends them out to sea — is the port-town of Nola, Nuceria, and Acherrae (a place with name like that of the settlement Cremona). Above these places lies Mt. Vesuvius, which, save for its summit, has dwellings all round, on farm-lands that are absolutely beautiful. As for the summit, a considerable part of it is flat, but all of it is unfruitful, and looks ash-coloured, and it shows pore-like cavities in masses of rock that are soot-coloured on the surface, these masses of rock looking as though they had been eaten out by fire; and hence one might infer that in earlier times this district was on fire and had craters of fire, and then, because the fuel gave out, was quenched. Perhaps, too, this is the cause of the fruitfulness of the country all round the mountain; just as at Catana, it is said, that part of the country which had been covered with ash-dust from the hot ashes carried up into the air by the fire of Aetna made the land suited to the vine; for it contains the substance that fattens both the soil which is burnt out and that which produces the fruits; so then, when it acquired plenty of fat, it was suited to burning out, as is the case with all sulphur-like substances, and then when it had been evaporated and quenched and reduced to ash-dust, it passed into a state of fruitfulness. Next after Pompaia comes Surrentum, a city of the Campani, whence the Athenaeum juts forth into the sea, which some call the Cape of the Sirenussae. There is a sanctuary of Athene, built by Odysseus, on the tip of the Cape. It is only a short voyage from here across to the island of Capreae; and after doubling the cape you come to desert, rocky isles, which are called the Sirens. On the side of the Cape toward Surrentum people show you a kind of temple, and offerings dedicated there long ago, because the people in the neighbourhood hold the place in honour. Here, then, the gulf that is called the Crater comes to an end, being marked off by two capes that face the south, namely, Misenum and Athenaeum. And the whole of the gulf is garnished, in part by the cities which I have just mentioned, and in part by the residences and plantations, which, since they intervene in unbroken succession, present the appearance of a single city. 6.1.1. Leucania: After the mouth of the Silaris one comes to Leucania, and to the sanctuary of the Argoan Hera, built by Jason, and near by, within fifty stadia, to Poseidonia. Thence, sailing out past the gulf, one comes to Leucosia, an island, from which it is only a short voyage across to the continent. The island is named after one of the Sirens, who was cast ashore here after the Sirens had flung themselves, as the myth has it, into the depths of the sea. In front of the island lies that promontory which is opposite the Sirenussae and with them forms the Poseidonian Gulf. On doubling this promontory one comes immediately to another gulf, in which there is a city which was called Hyele by the Phocaeans who founded it, and by others Ele, after a certain spring, but is called by the men of today Elea. This is the native city of Parmenides and Zeno, the Pythagorean philosophers. It is my opinion that not only through the influence of these men but also in still earlier times the city was well governed; and it was because of this good government that the people not only held their own against the Leucani and the Poseidoniatae, but even returned victorious, although they were inferior to them both in extent of territory and in population. At any rate, they are compelled, on account of the poverty of their soil, to busy themselves mostly with the sea and to establish factories for the salting of fish, and other such industries. According to Antiochus, after the capture of Phocaea by Harpagus, the general of Cyrus, all the Phocaeans who could do so embarked with their entire families on their light boats and, under the leadership of Creontiades, sailed first to Cyrnus and Massalia, but when they were beaten off from those places founded Elea. Some, however, say that the city took its name from the River Elees. It is about two hundred stadia distant from Poseidonia. After Elea comes the promontory of Palinurus. off the territory of Elea are two islands, the Oinotrides, which have anchoring-places. After Palinurus comes Pyxus — a cape, harbor, and river, for all three have the same name. Pyxus was peopled with new settlers by Micythus, the ruler of the Messene in Sicily, but all the settlers except a few sailed away again. After Pyxus comes another gulf, and also Laus — a river and city; it is the last of the Leucanian cities, lying only a short distance above the sea, is a colony of the Sybaritae, and the distance thither from Elea is four hundred stadia. The whole voyage along the coast of Leucania is six hundred and fifty stadia. Near Laus is the hero-sanctuary of Draco, one of the companions of Odysseus, in regard to which the following oracle was given out to the Italiotes: Much people will one day perish about Laian Draco. 6 And the oracle came true, for, deceived by it, the peoples who made campaigns against Laus, that is, the Greek inhabitants of Italy, met disaster at the hands of the Leucani.
5. Vergil, Georgics, 4.563-4.566 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4.563. Fire and a fearful beast, and flowing stream. 4.564. But when no trickery found a path for flight 4.565. Baffled at length, to his own shape returned 4.566. With human lips he spake, “Who bade thee, then


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adriatic sea Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
aeschylus, in colonial contexts Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
aiolia, aiolians, in s. italy Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
aiolia, aiolians, myths of reinterpreted as ionian or akhaian Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
akhaia, akhaians, epic vs. ethnic Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
akhaia, akhaians (s. italy), aiolian traditions in Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
akhaia, akhaians (s. italy), identity, emergence of Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
akhaia, akhaians (s. italy), myth-ritual network of Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
akhaia, akhaians (s. italy) Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
alexandra, and rome Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
alexandra, dark poem Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
alexandra, guard, character of Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 107
alexandra, metre Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
alexandra, monodrama Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 107
alexandra, nostoi Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
alexandra Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 107, 108
antiokhos of syracuse Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
apennines Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
apoikia (settlement abroad, colony), gods taken to Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
apoikia (settlement abroad, colony), mixed origins of settlers, cultural diversity in Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
apoikia (settlement abroad, colony), rapid change in Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
apollo pythios (delphi), argonauts Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
artemis, s. biagio at metapontion, alternative aetiological myths Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
artemis, s. biagio at metapontion, and akhaian identity Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
athenaion promontory (campania) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
auximum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
campania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
chalcis on euboea Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
characters, tragic/mythical, aeneas Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
characters, tragic/mythical, ajax, locrian Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 107
characters, tragic/mythical, cassandra (alexandra) Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 107
characters, tragic/mythical, diomedes Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
characters, tragic/mythical, menelaus Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
characters, tragic/mythical, odysseus Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
characters, tragic/mythical, priam Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 107
chorostatas (kho-), in postclassical tragic plays/performances Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
cingulum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
circe Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
circei Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
cora Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
ethnicity, ethnic identity, fluidity and indeterminacy of Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
ethnicity, ethnic identity, incessantly reformulated Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
ethnicity, ethnic identity, politicization of Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
ethnicity, ethnic identity Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
etruscans Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
euboea, settlements from Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
hero-cult Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
identity, general, ambiguous and open-textured Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
identity, general, ethnic Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
italy (italia) Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
latium Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
lykophron Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
megale hellas (magna graecia) Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
melanippe, desmotis, play Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
metapontion Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
metre, tragedy, in the alexandra Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
minerva, cape Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
misenum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
neapolis in campania Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
neleids, between aiolian and akhaian Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
nestor Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
network, of myths and rituals (also myth-ritual web, grid, framework), and competing ethnicities (aegean) Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
network, of myths and rituals (also myth-ritual web, grid, framework), one replaced by another Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
nola Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
nostoi traditions, and akhaian identity in s. italy Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
odysseus Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
parthenope Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
picenum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
pictorial formulae, rival myth of Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
pindar Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
pompeii Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
poseidon Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
poseidonia, aiolian myth at Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
seirenes islets Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
sirens Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
siris, and metapontion Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
siris, destruction of and akhaian identity Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
siris Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
sora Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
sparta Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 107
surrentum Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146
thessaly, aiolians in Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
thucydides Liapis and Petrides, Greek Tragedy After the Fifth Century: A Survey from ca (2019) 108
tragedy, interacting with choral poetry' Kowalzig, Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece (2007) 318
vesuvius, mt. Roller, A Guide to the Geography of Pliny the Elder (2022) 146