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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Lucian, Hercules, 4

nanFor a long time I stood staring at this in amazement: I knew not what to make of it, and was beginning to feel somewhat nettled, when I was addressed in admirable Greek by a Gaul who stood at my side, and who besides possessing a scholarly acquaintance with the Gallic mythology, proved to be not unfamiliar with our own. ‘Sir,’ he said, ‘I see this picture puzzles you: let me solve the riddle. We Gauls connect eloquence not with Hermes, as you do, but with the mightier Heracles. Nor need it surprise you to see him represented as an old man. It is the prerogative of eloquence, that it reaches perfection in old age; at least if we may believe your poets, who tell us thatYouth is the sport of every random gust,whereas old ageHath that to say that passes youthful wit.Thus we find that from Nestor’s lips honey is distilled; and that the words of the Trojan counsellors are compared to the lily, which, if I have not forgotten my Greek, is the name of a flower.

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

16 results
1. Homer, Iliad, 2.56, 2.148, 2.305, 2.474, 3.108 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

2.56. /And when he had called them together, he contrived a cunning plan, and said:Hearken, my friends, a Dream from heaven came to me in my sleep through the ambrosial night, and most like was it to goodly Nestor, in form and in stature and in build. It took its stand above my head, and spake to me, saying: 2.148. /which the East Wind or the South Wind has raised, rushing upon them from the clouds of father Zeus. And even as when the West Wind at its coming stirreth a deep cornfield with its violent blast, and the ears bow thereunder, even so was all their gathering stirred, and they with loud shouting rushed towards the ships; 2.305. /and we round about a spring were offering to the immortals upon the holy altars hecatombs that bring fulfillment, beneath a fair plane-tree from whence flowed the bright water; then appeared a great portent: a serpent, blood-red on the back, terrible, whom the Olympian himself had sent forth to the light 2.474. /that buzz to and fro throughout the herdsman's farmstead in the season of spring, when the milk drenches the pails, even in such numbers stood the long-haired Achaeans upon the plain in the face of the men of Troy, eager to rend them asunder.And even as goatherds separate easily the wide-scattered flocks of goats 3.108. /and fetch ye hither the mighty Priam, that he may himself swear an oath with sacrifice, seeing that his sons are over-weening and faithless; lest any by presumptuous act should do violence to the oaths of Zeus. Ever unstable are the hearts of the young; but in whatsoever an old man taketh part, he looketh both before and after
2. Ovid, Ars Amatoria, 1.213-1.228 (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)

3. Cebes of Thebes, Cebetis Tabula, 1.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4. Petronius Arbiter, Satyricon, 86, 88-89, 85 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5. Petronius Arbiter, Satyricon, 86, 88-89, 85 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 34.84, 36.32 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7. Statius, Siluae, 4.6.59 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Achilles Tatius, The Adventures of Leucippe And Cleitophon, 1.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9. Lucian, The Ignorant Book-Collector, 19 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Lucian, Amores, 15 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

11. Lucian, The Double Indictment, 34, 27 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

27. Gentlemen, the defendant was no more than a boy — he still spoke with his native accent, and might at any moment have exhibited himself in the garb of an Assyrian — when I found him wandering up and down Ionia, at a loss for employment. I took him in hand; I gave him an education; and, convinced of his capabilities and of his devotion to me (for he was my very humble servant in those days, and had no admiration to spare for anyone else), I turned my back upon the many suitors who sought my hand, upon the wealthy, the brilliant and the high born, and betrothed myself to this monster of ingratitude; upon this obscure pauper boy I bestowed the rich dowry of my surpassing eloquence, brought him to be enrolled among my own people, and made him my fellow citizen, to the bitter mortification of his unsuccessful rivals. When he formed the resolution of travelling, in order to make his good fortune known to the world, I did not remain behind: I accompanied him everywhere, from city to city, shedding my lustre upon him, and clothing him in honour and renown. of our travels in Greece and Ionia, I say nothing: he expressed a wish to visit Italy: I sailed the Ionian Sea with him, and attended him even as far as Gaul, scattering plenty in his path.For a long time he consulted my wishes in everything, was unfailing in his attendance upon me, and never passed a night away from my side.
12. Lucian, The Syrian Goddess, 1 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1. There is in Syria a city not far from the river Euphrates: it is called “the Sacred City,” and is sacred to the Assyrian Hera. As far as I can judge this name was not conferred upon the city when it was first settled, but originally it bore another name. In course of time the great sacrifices were held therein, and then this title was bestowed upon it. I will speak of this city, and of what it contains. I will speak also of the laws which govern its holy rites, of its popular assemblies and of the sacrifices offered by its citizens. I will speak also of all the traditions attaching to the founders of this holy place: and of the manner of the founding of its temple. I write as an Assyrian born who have witnessed with mine own eyes some of the facts which I am about to narrate: some, again, I learnt from the priests: they occurred before my time, but I narrate them as they were told to me.
13. Lucian, The Dead Come To Life Or The Fisherman, 19 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

14. Lucian, The Scythian, Or The Consul, 9 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15. Callistratus, Staturam Descriptiones, 6.4 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

16. Prudentius, On The Crown of Martyrdom, 9 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
achilles tatius,leucippe and clitophon Elsner (2007) 189
alexander the great Rutledge (2012) 119
armenia Rutledge (2012) 119
art expert,in petronius satyrica Elsner (2007) 189
art gallery,in petronius satyrica Elsner (2007) 189
artemidorus of daldis,life and character Thonemann (2020) 130, 131
books,ancient Thonemann (2020) 130, 131
callistratus Elsner (2007) 189
cebes,tabula Elsner (2007) 189
celts Elsner (2007) 60
comedy Thonemann (2020) 131
cornelius sulla,l. Rutledge (2012) 119
danaë Rutledge (2012) 119
daphne,syrian Elsner (2007) 60
dreams,oneiroi and enhypnia Thonemann (2020) 131
ekphrasis,in petronius satyrica Elsner (2007) 189
eloquence,art of Elsner (2007) 60
encolpius Rutledge (2012) 119
ethnicity,lucian and Elsner (2007) 60
etymology Thonemann (2020) 131
eumolpus Elsner (2007) 189; Rutledge (2012) 119
euphrates river Rutledge (2012) 119
euripides Thonemann (2020) 131
expert empiricism,role in connoisseurship Elsner (2007) 189
exēgētai Rutledge (2012) 119
goats Thonemann (2020) 130
guides Rutledge (2012) 119
hannibal Rutledge (2012) 119
heracles,celtic Elsner (2007) 60
hercules Rutledge (2012) 119
hierapolis Elsner (2007) 60
homer Thonemann (2020) 130, 131
iconography,and ethnicity Elsner (2007) 60
language Thonemann (2020) 131
longus Elsner (2007) 189
lucian,de dea syria Elsner (2007) 60
lucian,heracles Elsner (2007) 60, 189
lucian Elsner (2007) 60
lucian of samosata Thonemann (2020) 130, 131
menander Thonemann (2020) 131
menestratus,his hecate Rutledge (2012) 119
menestratus,his hercules Rutledge (2012) 119
objects,viewer understanding of Rutledge (2012) 119
ogmios (celtic heracles) Elsner (2007) 60
old age Thonemann (2020) 130, 131
ovid,and triumphal processions Rutledge (2012) 119
periēgetai Rutledge (2012) 119
persia Rutledge (2012) 119
petronius,satyrica Elsner (2007) 189
philosopher,in petronius satyrica Elsner (2007) 189
philostratus,imagines Elsner (2007) 189
prudentius,peristephanon Elsner (2007) 189
ps.-lucian,amores Elsner (2007) 189
sea Thonemann (2020) 130
tigris river Rutledge (2012) 119
triumph Rutledge (2012) 119
viewers,and literacy Rutledge (2012) 119
wordplay' Thonemann (2020) 131