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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



7456
Livy, History, 23.5.12
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

17 results
1. Cicero, On The Nature of The Gods, 1.43 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.43. With the errors of the poets may be classed the monstrous doctrines of the magi and the insane mythology of Egypt, and also the popular beliefs, which are a mere mass of inconsistencies sprung from ignorance. "Anyone pondering on the baseless and irrational character of these doctrines ought to regard Epicurus with reverence, and to rank him as one of the very gods about whom we are inquiring. For he alone perceived, first, that the gods exist, because nature herself has imprinted a conception of them on the minds of all mankind. For what nation or what tribe is there but possesses untaught some 'preconception' of the gods? Such notions Epicurus designates by the word prolepsis, that is, a sort of preconceived mental picture of a thing, without which nothing can be understood or investigated or discussed. The force and value of this argument we learn in that work of genius, Epicurus's Rule or Standard of Judgement.
2. Cicero, De Oratore, 1.47, 1.102, 2.265 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.47. sed ego neque illis adsentiebar neque harum disputationum inventori et principi longe omnium in dicendo gravissimo et eloquentissimo, Platoni, cuius tum Athenis cum Charmada diligentius legi Gorgiam; quo in libro in hoc maxime admirabar Platonem, quod mihi in oratoribus inridendis ipse esse orator summus videbatur. Verbi enim controversia iam diu torquet Graeculos homines contentionis cupidiores quam veritatis. 1.102. 'Atqui' inquit Sulpicius 'hoc ex te, de quo modo Antonius exposuit, quid sentias, quaerimus, existimesne artem aliquam esse dicendi?' 'Quid? mihi vos nunc' inquit Crassus 'tamquam alicui Graeculo otioso et loquaci et fortasse docto atque erudito quaestiunculam, de qua meo arbitratu loquar, ponitis? Quando enim me ista curasse aut cogitasse arbitramini et non semper inrisisse potius eorum hominum impudentiam, qui cum in schola adsedissent, ex magna hominum frequentia dicere iuberent, si quis quid quaereret? 2.265. Trahitur etiam aliquid ex historia, ut, cum Sex. Titius se Cassandram esse diceret, "multos" inquit Antonius "possum tuos Aiaces Oileos nominare." Est etiam ex similitudine, quae aut conlationem habet aut tamquam imaginem: conlationem, ut ille Gallus olim testis in Pisonem, cum innumerabilem Magio praefecto pecuniam dixisset datam idque Scaurus tenuitate Magi redargueret, "erras," inquit "Scaure; ego enim Magium non conservasse dico, sed tamquam nudus nuces legeret, in ventre abstulisse"; ut illud M. Cicero senex, huius viri optimi, nostri familiaris, pater, "nostros homines similis esse Syrorum venalium: ut
3. Cicero, On His Consulship, 10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4. Cicero, Republic, 3.14 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.14. Nunc autem, si quis illo Pacuviano 'invehens alitum anguium curru' multas et varias gentis et urbes despicere et oculis conlustrare possit, videat primum in illa incorrupta maxime gente Aegyptiorum, quae plurimorum saeculorum et eventorum memoriam litteris continet, bovem quendam putari deum, quem Apim Aegyptii nomit, multaque alia portenta apud eosdem et cuiusque generis beluas numero consecratas deorum; deinde Graeciae, sicut apud nos, delubra magnifica humanis consecrata simulacris, quae Persae nefaria putaverunt; eamque unam ob causam Xerses inflammari Atheniensium fana iussisse dicitur, quod deos, quorum domus esset omnis hic mundus, inclusos parietibus contineri nefas esse duceret.
5. Cicero, Letters, 1.1.27 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Cicero, Letters, 1.1.27 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Cicero, Letters, 1.1.27 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

8. Cicero, Letters, 1.1.27 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

9. Cicero, Letters To Quintus, 1.1.27 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

10. Cicero, Pro Fonteio, 27, 30, 43-44, 49, 26 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

11. Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, 5.78 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.78. mulieres vero in India, cum est cuius cuiuis V 3 communis Geel ( sed tum plures...nuptae post mortuus legeretur; cf.etiam Se., Jb.d.ph.V.26 p.301 ) earum vir mortuus, in certamen iudiciumque veniunt, quam plurumum ille dilexerit— plures enim singulis solent esse nuptae—; quae est victrix, ea laeta prosequentibus suis una unam V 1 cum viro in rogum imponitur, ponitur G 1 illa ilia cf.Quint.inst.1,3,2 victa quae Se. non male,cf.Claud.de nupt.Hon.64 (superatae cum...maerore in vita remanent Val.M. ) maesta discedit. numquam naturam mos vinceret; vinceret vincit H est enim ea semper invicta; sed nos umbris deliciis delitiis X (deliciis V, sed ci in r scr.,alt. i ss. V 2 ) otio languore langore G desidia animum infecimus, opinionibus maloque more delenitum delinitum V 1 H mollivimus. mollium KR 1 ( corr. 1 aut c )H Aegyptiorum morem quis ignorat? ignoret K quorum inbutae mentes pravitatis erroribus quamvis carnificinam carnifici. nam X prius subierint quam ibim aut aspidem aut faelem felem GV cf.nat.deor.1, 82 aut canem aut corcodillum corcodillum GRV corcodrillum KH cf.Th.l.l. violent, volent V 1 quorum etiamsi inprudentes quippiam fecerint, poenam nullam recusent.
12. Julius Caesar, De Bello Gallico, 7.77 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

13. Strabo, Geography, 7.1.4 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7.1.4. These tribes have become known through their wars with the Romans, in which they would either yield and then later revolt again, or else quit their settlements; and they would have been better known if Augustus had allowed his generals to cross the Albis in pursuit of those who emigrated thither. But as a matter of fact he supposed that he could conduct the war in hand more successfully if he should hold off from those outside the Albis, who were living in peace, and should not incite them to make common cause with the others in their enmity against him. It was the Sugambri, who live near the Rhenus, that began the war, Melo being their leader; and from that time on different peoples at different times would cause a breach, first growing powerful and then being put down, and then revolting again, betraying both the hostages they had given and their pledges of good faith. In dealing with these peoples distrust has been a great advantage, whereas those who have been trusted have done the greatest harm, as, for instance, the Cherusci and their subjects, in whose country three Roman legions, with their general Quintilius Varus, were destroyed by ambush in violation of the treaty. But they all paid the penalty, and afforded the younger Germanicus a most brilliant triumph — that triumph in which their most famous men and women were led captive, I mean Segimuntus, son of Segestes and chieftain of the Cherusci, and his sister Thusnelda, the wife of Armenius, the man who at the time of the violation of the treaty against Quintilius Varus was commander-in-chief of the Cheruscan army and even to this day is keeping up the war, and Thusnelda's three-year-old son Thumelicus; and also Sesithacus, the son of Segimerus and chieftain of the Cherusci, and Rhamis, his wife, and a daughter of Ucromirus chieftain of the Chatti, and Deudorix, a Sugambrian, the son of Baetorix the brother of Melo. But Segestes, the father-in-law of Armenius, who even from the outset had opposed the purpose of Armenius, and, taking advantage of an opportune time, had deserted him, was present as a guest of honor at the triumph over his loved ones. And Libes too, a priest of the Chatti, marched in the procession, as also other captives from the plundered tribes — the Caulci, Campsani, Bructeri, Usipi, Cherusci, Chatti, Chattuarii, Landi, Tubattii. Now the Rhenus is about three thousand stadia distant from the Albis, if one had straight roads to travel on, but as it is one must go by a circuitous route, which winds through a marshy country and forests.
14. Tacitus, Annals, 14.37 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

14.37.  At first, the legionaries stood motionless, keeping to the defile as a natural protection: then, when the closer advance of the enemy had enabled them to exhaust their missiles with certitude of aim, they dashed forward in a wedge-like formation. The auxiliaries charged in the same style; and the cavalry, with lances extended, broke a way through any parties of resolute men whom they encountered. The remainder took to flight, although escape was difficult, as the cordon of waggons had blocked the outlets. The troops gave no quarter even to the women: the baggage animals themselves had been speared and added to the pile of bodies. The glory won in the course of the day was remarkable, and equal to that of our older victories: for, by some accounts, little less than eighty thousand Britons fell, at a cost of some four hundred Romans killed and a not much greater number of wounded. Boudicca ended her days by poison; while Poenius Postumus, camp-prefect of the second legion, informed of the exploits of the men of the fourteenth and twentieth, and conscious that he had cheated his own corps of a share in the honours and had violated the rules of the service by ignoring the orders of his commander, ran his sword through his body.
15. Cassius Dio, Roman History, 68.32.1-68.32.3, 71.4.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

68.32.1.  Trajan therefore departed thence, and a little later began to fail in health. Meanwhile the Jews in the region of Cyrene had put a certain Andreas at their head, and were destroying both the Romans and the Greeks. They would eat the flesh of their victims, make belts for themselves of their entrails, anoint themselves with their blood and wear their skins for clothing; many they sawed in two, from the head downwards; 68.32.2.  others they gave to wild beasts, and still others they forced to fight as gladiators. In all two hundred and twenty thousand persons perished. In Egypt, too, they perpetrated many similar outrages, and in Cyprus, under the leadership of a certain Artemion. There, also, two hundred and forty thousand perished 68.32.3.  and for this reason no Jew may set foot on that island, but even if one of them is driven upon its shores by a storm he is put to death. Among others who subdued the Jews was Lusius, who was sent by Trajan.
16. Manilius, Astronomica, 1.901-1.903

17. Velleius Paterculus, Roman History, 2.118



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
barbarians/barbarity, brutal and cruel behavior ascribed to Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
brittunculi Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 334
cannibalism, britons accused of Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 220
cannibalism, carthaginians, accused of Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209, 334
cannibalism, hannibals army accused of Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209, 220
cannibalism, in warfare Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209
cannibalism Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209; Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
carthage/carthaginians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
carthaginians, accused of cannibalism Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209, 334
carthaginians, accused of human sacrifice Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 334
cassius dio, his descriptions of bloodshed Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 220
cassius dio Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
cato the elder Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
christians & christianity Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
debate Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 177
diaspora revolt Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
disparagement, by romans of non-romans Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
egypt Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
egyptians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
excrement Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 177
gauls/celts Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
germans/germany Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
gladiatorial combat, and the diaspora revolt Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
greeks/hellenes, roman attitudes toward Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
hannibal Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
human sacrifice Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 334
jerusalem, siege Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209
jews/judeans/ioudaioi, roman attitudes toward Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
juvenal, accuses egyptian villagers of cannibalism Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209
juvenal Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
killing, graphic descriptions of Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 220
killing, large-scale in roman warfare Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 220
livy Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79
livy\xa0 Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 177
north africa/africans Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
phoenicians, cruelty Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 334
phoenicians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
primitive peoples\r\n, human sacrifice offered by Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209
rome/romans, attitudes toward non-romans Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
scythians, distinct from all other peoples, accused of cannibalism Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209
slaves/slavery, syrians and jews labeled as Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
sociability, lack of Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 209
spain/spaniards/iberia/iberians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
speeches, by foreign rebels Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 220
strabo Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
syria/syrians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
tacitus, on the britons, his descriptions of large-scale killings Isaac, The invention of racism in classical antiquity (2004) 220
womb' Lateiner and Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust (2016) 177
worship/ritual/cult as identity markers, for egyptians Gruen, Ethnicity in the Ancient World - Did it matter (2020) 80
xiphilinus Spielman, Jews and Entertainment in the Ancient World (2020) 79