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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



7287
Justin, First Apology, 61


nanI will also relate the manner in which we dedicated ourselves to God when we had been made new through Christ; lest, if we omit this, we seem to be unfair in the explanation we are making. As many as are persuaded and believe that what we teach and say is true, and undertake to be able to live accordingly, are instructed to pray and to entreat God with fasting, for the remission of their sins that are past, we praying and fasting with them. Then they are brought by us where there is water, and are regenerated in the same manner in which we were ourselves regenerated. For, in the name of God, the Father and Lord of the universe, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit, they then receive the washing with water. For Christ also said, Unless you be born again, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. John 3:5 Now, that it is impossible for those who have once been born to enter into their mothers' wombs, is manifest to all. And how those who have sinned and repent shall escape their sins, is declared by Esaias the prophet, as I wrote above; he thus speaks: Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from your souls; learn to do well; judge the fatherless, and plead for the widow: and come and let us reason together, says the Lord. And though your sins be as scarlet, I will make them white like wool; and though they be as crimson, I will make them white as snow. But if you refuse and rebel, the sword shall devour you: for the mouth of the Lord has spoken it. Isaiah 1:16-20 And for this [rite] we have learned from the apostles this reason. Since at our birth we were born without our own knowledge or choice, by our parents coming together, and were brought up in bad habits and wicked training; in order that we may not remain the children of necessity and of ignorance, but may become the children of choice and knowledge, and may obtain in the water the remission of sins formerly committed, there is pronounced over him who chooses to be born again, and has repented of his sins, the name of God the Father and Lord of the universe; he who leads to the laver the person that is to be washed calling him by this name alone. For no one can utter the name of the ineffable God; and if any one dare to say that there is a name, he raves with a hopeless madness. And this washing is called illumination, because they who learn these things are illuminated in their understandings. And in the name of Jesus Christ, who was crucified under Pontius Pilate, and in the name of the Holy Ghost, who through the prophets foretold all things about Jesus, he who is illuminated is washed.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

33 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2. Hebrew Bible, Joshua, 2-3, 1 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 2.89 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

4. Anon., Epistle of Barnabas, 16.7-16.9 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

16.7. I find then that there is a temple, How then shall it be built in the name of the Lord? Understand ye. Before we believed on God, the abode of our heart was corrupt and weak, a temple truly built by hands; for it was full of idolatry and was a house of demons, because we did whatsoever was contrary to God. 16.8. But it shall be built in the name of the Lord. Give heed then that the temple of the Lord may be built gloriously. 16.9. How? Understand ye. By receiving the remission of our sins and hoping on the Name we became new, created afresh from the beginning. Wherefore God dwelleth truly in our habitation within us. How? The word of his faith, the calling of his promise, the wisdom of the ordices, the commandments of the teaching, He Himself prophesying in us, He Himself dwelling in us, opening for us who had been in bondage unto death the door of the temple, which is the mouth, and giving us repentance leadeth us to the incorruptible temple.
5. Anon., Didache, 2.7, 7.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

12. But let every one that comes in the name of the Lord be received, and afterward you shall prove and know him; for you shall have understanding right and left. If he who comes is a wayfarer, assist him as far as you are able; but he shall not remain with you, except for two or three days, if need be. But if he wills to abide with you, being an artisan, let him work and eat; 2 Thessalonians 3:10 but if he has no trade, according to your understanding see to it that, as a Christian, he shall not live with you idle. But if he wills not to do, he is a Christ-monger. Watch that you keep aloof from such.
6. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7. New Testament, 2 John, 10 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. New Testament, 3 John, 9-10 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9. New Testament, Acts, 2.38, 8.16, 8.37, 10.48, 19.5, 19.9 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.38. Peter said to them, "Repent, and be baptized, everyone of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 8.16. for as yet he had fallen on none of them. They had only been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. 10.48. He commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked him to stay some days. 19.5. When they heard this, they were baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. 19.9. But when some were hardened and disobedient, speaking evil of the Way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of Tyrannus.
10. New Testament, James, 2.7 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.7. Don't they blaspheme the honorable name by which you are called?
11. New Testament, Colossians, 1.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.15. who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.
12. New Testament, Ephesians, 4.9-4.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.9. Now this, "He ascended," what is it but that he also first descended into the lower parts of the earth? 4.10. He who descended is the one who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things.
13. New Testament, Hebrews, 1.3-1.4, 3.19, 6.4-6.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.3. His Son is the radiance of his glory, the very image of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself made purification for our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 1.4. having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have. 3.19. We see that they were not able to enter in because of unbelief. 6.4. For concerning those who were once enlightened and tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Spirit 6.5. and tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the age to come 6.6. and then fell away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance; seeing they crucify the Son of God for themselves again, and put him to open shame.
14. New Testament, Mark, 7.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7.15. There is nothing from outside of the man, that going into him can defile him; but the things which proceed out of the man are those that defile the man.
15. New Testament, Matthew, 6.9, 15.11, 28.17, 28.19-28.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.9. Pray like this: 'Our Father in heaven, may your name be kept holy. 15.11. That which enters into the mouth doesn't defile the man; but that which proceeds out of the mouth, this defiles the man. 28.17. When they saw him, they bowed down to him, but some doubted. 28.19. Go, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit 28.20. teaching them to observe all things which I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.
16. Anon., Acts of Thomas, 132 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

132. And he began to say concerning baptism: This baptism is remission of sins (the Greek MSS. U and P have divergent texts, both obscure): this bringeth forth again light that is shed about us: this bringeth to new birth the new man (this is the restorer of understandings Syr.): this mingleth the spirit (with the body), raiseth up in threefoldwise a new man and [MAKETH him] partaker of the remission of sins. Glory be to thee, hidden one, that art communicated in baptism. Glory to thee the unseen power that is in baptism. Glory to thee, renewal, whereby are renewed they that are baptized and with affection take hold upon thee. And having thus said, he poured oil over their heads and said: Glory be to thee the love of compassion (bowels). Glory to thee name of Christ. Glory to thee, power established in Christ. And he commanded a vessel to be brought, and baptized them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost.
17. Clement of Alexandria, Excerpts From Theodotus, 78.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

18. Clement of Alexandria, Christ The Educator, 1.6, 1.6.26-1.6.27 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

19. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 1.28, 3.23.8, 5.13.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

20. Justin, First Apology, 10.2, 23.2, 59.1, 67.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. But we have received by tradition that God does not need the material offerings which men can give, seeing, indeed, that He Himself is the provider of all things. And we have been taught, and are convinced, and do believe, that He accepts those only who imitate the excellences which reside in Him, temperance, and justice, and philanthropy, and as many virtues as are peculiar to a God who is called by no proper name. And we have been taught that He in the beginning did of His goodness, for man's sake, create all things out of unformed matter; and if men by their works show themselves worthy of this His design, they are deemed worthy, and so we have received - of reigning in company with Him, being delivered from corruption and suffering. For as in the beginning He created us when we were not, so do we consider that, in like manner, those who choose what is pleasing to Him are, on account of their choice, deemed worthy of incorruption and of fellowship with Him. For the coming into being at first was not in our own power; and in order that we may follow those things which please Him, choosing them by means of the rational faculties He has Himself endowed us with, He both persuades us and leads us to faith. And we think it for the advantage of all men that they are not restrained from learning these things, but are even urged thereto. For the restraint which human laws could not effect, the Word, inasmuch as He is divine, would have effected, had not the wicked demons, taking as their ally the lust of wickedness which is in every man, and which draws variously to all manner of vice, scattered many false and profane accusations, none of which attach to us.
21. Justin, Dialogue With Trypho, 5.4-5.6, 84.2, 100.2, 125.3, 128.3, 138.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

22. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.96, 10.96.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

23. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.96, 10.96.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

24. Tatian, Oration To The Greeks, 5.1, 9.2, 15.1, 15.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

25. Tertullian, Against The Valentinians, 1.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1. The Valentinians, who are no doubt a very large body of heretics- comprising as they do so many apostates from the truth, who have a propensity for fables, and no discipline to deter them (therefrom) care for nothing so much as to obscure what they preach, if indeed they (can be said to) preach who obscure their doctrine. The officiousness with which they guard their doctrine is an officiousness which betrays their guilt. Their disgrace is proclaimed in the very earnestness with which they maintain their religious system. Now, in the case of those Eleusinian mysteries, which are the very heresy of Athenian superstition, it is their secrecy that is their disgrace. Accordingly, they previously beset all access to their body with tormenting conditions; and they require a long initiation before they enrol (their members), even instruction during five years for their perfect disciples, in order that they may mould their opinions by this suspension of full knowledge, and apparently raise the dignity of their mysteries in proportion to the craving for them which they have previously created. Then follows the duty of silence. Carefully is that guarded, which is so long in finding. All the divinity, however, lies in their secret recesses: there are revealed at last all the aspirations of the fully initiated, the entire mystery of the sealed tongue, the symbol of virility. But this allegorical representation, under the pretext of nature's reverend name, obscures a real sacrilege by help of an arbitrary symbol, and by empty images obviates the reproach of falsehood! In like manner, the heretics who are now the object of our remarks, the Valentinians, have formed Eleusinian dissipations of their own, consecrated by a profound silence, having nothing of the heavenly in them but their mystery. By the help of the sacred names and titles and arguments of true religion, they have fabricated the vainest and foulest figment for men's pliant liking, out of the affluent suggestions of Holy Scripture, since from its many springs many errors may well emanate. If you propose to them inquiries sincere and honest, they answer you with stern look and contracted brow, and say, The subject is profound. If you try them with subtle questions, with the ambiguities of their double tongue, they affirm a community of faith (with yourself). If you intimate to them that you understand their opinions, they insist on knowing nothing themselves. If you come to a close engagement with them they destroy your own fond hope of a victory over them by a self-immolation. Not even to their own disciples do they commit a secret before they have made sure of them. They have the knack of persuading men before instructing them; although truth persuades by teaching, but does not teach by first persuading.
26. Tertullian, On Baptism, 6.1-6.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

20. They who are about to enter baptism ought to pray with repeated prayers, fasts, and bendings of the knee, and vigils all the night through, and with the confession of all by- gone sins, that they may express the meaning even of the baptism of John: They were baptized, says (the Scripture), confessing their own sins. To us it is matter for thankfulness if we do now publicly confess our iniquities or our turpitudes: for we do at the same time both make satisfaction for our former sins, by mortification of our flesh and spirit, and lay beforehand the foundation of defences against the temptations which will closely follow. Watch and pray, says (the Lord), lest you fall into temptation. Matthew 26:41 And the reason, I believe, why they were tempted was, that they fell asleep; so that they deserted the Lord when apprehended, and he who continued to stand by Him, and used the sword, even denied Him thrice: for withal the word had gone before, that no one untempted should attain the celestial kingdoms. The Lord Himself immediately after baptism temptations surrounded, when in forty days He had kept fast. Then, some one will say, it becomes us, too, rather to fast after baptism. Well, and who forbids you, unless it be the necessity for joy, and the thanksgiving for salvation? But so far as I, with my poor powers, understand, the Lord figuratively retorted upon Israel the reproach they had cast on the Lord. For the people, after crossing the sea, and being carried about in the desert during forty years, although they were there nourished with divine supplies, nevertheless were more mindful of their belly and their gullet than of God. Thereupon the Lord, driven apart into desert places after baptism, showed, by maintaining a fast of forty days, that the man of God lives not by bread alone, but by the word of God; Matthew 4:1-4 and that temptations incident to fullness or immoderation of appetite are shattered by abstinence. Therefore, blessed ones, whom the grace of God awaits, when you ascend from that most sacred font of your new birth, and spread your hands for the first time in the house of your mother, together with your brethren, ask from the Father, ask from the Lord, that His own specialties of grace and distributions of gifts 1 Corinthians 12:4-12 may be supplied you. Ask, says He, and you shall receive. Well, you have asked, and have received; you have knocked, and it has been opened to you. Only, I pray that, when you are asking, you be mindful likewise of Tertullian the sinner.
27. Nag Hammadi, The Gospel of Thomas, 27, 14 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

28. Nag Hammadi, The Gospel of Truth, 38.7 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

29. Origen, Commentary On John, 6.42 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

30. Origen, Homilies On Leviticus, 10.2 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

31. Porphyry, Life of Plotinus, 7 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

32. Pseudo Clementine Literature, Recognitions, 7.37 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

7.37. Then said Peter: Let not the wicked one prevail against us, taking occasion from a mother's love; but let you, and me with you, fast this day along with her, and tomorrow she shall be baptized: for it is not right that the precepts of truth be relaxed and weakened in favour of any person or friendship. Let us not shrink, then, from suffering along with her, for it is a sin to transgress any commandment. But let us teach our bodily senses, which are without us, to be in subjection to our inner senses; and not compel our inner senses, which savour the things that be of God, to follow the outer senses, which savour the things that be of the flesh. For to this end also the Lord commanded, saying: 'Whosoever shall look upon a woman to lust after her, has committed adultery with her already in his heart.' And to this He added: 'If your right eye offend you, pluck it out, and cast it from you: for it is profitable for you that one of your members perish, rather than your whole body be cast into hell-fire.' Matthew 5:28-29 He does not say, has offended you, that you should then cast away the cause of sin after you have sinned; but if it offend you, that is, that before you sin you should cut off the cause of the sin that provokes and irritates you. But let none of you think, brethren, that the Lord commended the cutting off of the members. His meaning is, that the purpose should be cut off, not the members, and the causes which allure to sin, in order that our thought, borne up on the chariot of sight, may push towards the love of God, supported by the bodily senses; and not give loose reins to the eyes of the flesh as to wanton horses, eager to turn their running outside the way of the commandments, but may subject the bodily sight to the judgment of the mind, and not suffer those eyes of ours, which God intended to be viewers and witnesses of His work, to become panders of evil desire. And therefore let the bodily senses as well as the internal thought be subject to the law of God, and let them serve His will, whose work they acknowledge themselves to be.
33. Anon., Gospel of Thomas, 27



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adiaphora (indifference) Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
alexandria Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
alimentary Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
angel Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121, 122; Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
anointing Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 898
apologists, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 529, 537
architecture, from first century to early fourth century Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 710
architecture, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 710
architecture, house-churches Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 710
ascent literature, baptismal Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
ascent literature, of elijah Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
baptism, before council of nicaea Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 478
baptism, first Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
baptism, liturgy of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
baptism, mid-second-century rome Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 478
baptism, of/for the dead Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364
baptism, the didache Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 478
baptism Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80, 121, 122; Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232; Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78; Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
baptismal confession Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
baptismal formulae Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
becker, e. m. Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
birth Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
blind man Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
body and soul Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
calendar Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
catechesis Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71; Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 122
catechumenate, before council of nicaea Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 478
christ, according to justin martyr Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 529
christology, separationist Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
church Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
clement of alexandria, on the catechumenate, inherited catechetical practices from within early church Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
clement of alexandria, on the catechumenate, secrecy of Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
clement of alexandria, on the catechumenate Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
clement of alexandria Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232; Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
creatio ex nihilo Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 66
creation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
creation from matter Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 66
creator, creation Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
cross Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
demons and baptism Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121, 122
descent, at jordan Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
descent, baptismal Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
dietary laws in the second-and third-century texts Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
divine identity Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
divine name Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
education Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
egypt alexandria Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
eucharist/s Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364
faith, in early christian literature Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
fantino, j. Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 66
fasting Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80, 122
father Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
food, impurity of in second- and third-century sources Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
formulae, liturgical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
gabe, mitteilung Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1400
gabe, verleihung Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1392
gnostic, gnosticism Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
god, justin martyr Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 529
god, tatian Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 537
health, and purity Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
heart purity and impurity of Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121
heresies, heretic Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
hope Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
house-church, architecture Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 710
idolatry Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121
intention Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 122
invocation Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 122
irenaeus Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
jordan Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
justin martyr, on catechumenate Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
justin martyr, theology Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 529
justin martyr Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232; Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222; Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 66
knowledge Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121, 122
lamb Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
lang, t. j. Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
light Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121, 122
liturgical, practice Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 658
liturgical, tradition Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 658
liturgy Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71; Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 658
lords day Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
marcion and marcionites Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
matter Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80; Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 66
matter (material substance/existence) Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
meat Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
melito Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
mikva'oth" '64.0_13.0@myth Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1589
nazareth Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1589
new testament Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
novatian/novatianists Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364
novelty (charge of ) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364
old testament Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
origen Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
origen of alexandria Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
paganism/paganists Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364
passover Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
penance, penitence Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
penance/penitential rites Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364
philip, deacon Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
philo of alexandria Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
philosophy Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
plato Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
pliny the younger Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
pneumatic humans/powers Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
post-baptismal sin Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 364
prayer Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 122
psychic humans/powers Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
qumran Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1589
rebirth Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121
redactor Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
repentance Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 121, 122
sabbath Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
sacrifice Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 26
salbung(en) Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1392, 1400
san clemente Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 710
school Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
sitz im leben Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
spirit pneuma Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
suffering Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
sunday Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
symbol and symbolic interpretation Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
syzygienlehre, gottesdienst Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1486
tatian, biography Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 537
tatian, theology Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 537
tatian and celsus, education of christians and Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
teacher Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
temple Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
tertullian, on catechumenate Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
tertullian Corrigan and Rasimus, Gnosticism, Platonism and the Late Ancient World (2013) 232
tertullianusi Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1589
tetragrammaton Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
textual criticism Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
title, of jesus Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
titular churches Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 710
triadic Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 658
valentinian/valentinians Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
valentinus Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 222
valentinus and valentinians Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 107
variants, textual Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
variants, western Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
vegetarianism Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
water Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 13
wiedergeburt Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1392, 1400
wine Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 80
wisdom' Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 207
worship, before council of nicaea Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 478
worship Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78
yahweh, yhwh Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 78