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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6793
Irenaeus, Refutation Of All Heresies, 4.33.9


nanWherefore the Church does in every place, because of that love which she cherishes towards God, send forward, throughout all time, a multitude of martyrs to the Father; while all others not only have nothing of this kind to point to among themselves, but even maintain that such witness-bearing is not at all necessary, for that their system of doctrines is the true witness [for Christ], with the exception, perhaps, that one or two among them, during the whole time which has elapsed since the Lord appeared on earth, have occasionally, along with our martyrs, borne the reproach of the name (as if he too [the heretic] had obtained mercy), and have been led forth with them [to death], being, as it were, a sort of retinue granted unto them. For the Church alone sustains with purity the reproach of those who suffer persecution for righteousness' sake, and endure all sorts of punishments, and are put to death because of the love which they bear to God, and their confession of His Son; often weakened indeed, yet immediately increasing her members, and becoming whole again, after the same manner as her type," Lot's wife, who became a pillar of salt. Thus, too, [she passes through an experience] similar to that of the ancient prophets, as the Lord declares, "For so persecuted they the prophets who were before you;", inasmuch as she does indeed, in a new fashion, suffer persecution from those who do not receive the word of God, while the self-same spirit rests upon her [as upon these ancient prophets].


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

19 results
1. Clement of Rome, 1 Clement, 6.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.1. Τούτοις τοῖς ἀνδράσιν ὁσίως πολιτευσαμένοις συνηθροίσθη πολὺ πλῆθος ἐκλεκτῶν, οἵτινες πολλαῖς αἰκίαις καὶ βασάνοις LK perhaps imply polla\s ai)ki/as kai\ basa/noui. διὰ ζῆλος παθόντες ὑπόδειγμα κάλλιστον ἐγένοντο ἐν ἡμῖν.
2. Ignatius, To The Romans, 4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3. New Testament, 1 Peter, 2.16, 4.15-4.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.16. as free, and not using your freedom for a cloak of wickedness, but as bondservants of God. 4.15. For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evil doer, or as a meddler in other men's matters. 4.16. But if one of you suffers for being a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God in this matter.
4. New Testament, Acts, 8.23 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8.23. For I see that you are in the gall of bitterness and in the bondage of iniquity.
5. New Testament, Luke, 6.20-6.22, 6.24-6.26, 10.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.20. He lifted up his eyes to his disciples, and said, "Blessed are you poor, For yours is the Kingdom of God. 6.21. Blessed are you who hunger now, For you will be filled. Blessed are you who weep now, For you will laugh. 6.22. Blessed are you when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from them and reproach you, and throw out your name as evil, for the Son of Man's sake. 6.24. But woe to you who are rich! For you have received your consolation. 6.25. Woe to you, you who are full now! For you will be hungry. Woe to you who laugh now! For you will mourn and weep. 6.26. Woe, when men speak well of you! For their fathers did the same thing to the false prophets. 10.19. Behold, I give you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will in any way hurt you.
6. New Testament, Matthew, 5.4, 5.8, 5.10-5.12, 19.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.4. Blessed are those who mourn, For they shall be comforted. 5.8. Blessed are the pure in heart, For they shall see God. 5.10. Blessed are those who have been persecuted for righteousness' sake, For theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven. 5.11. Blessed are you when people reproach you, persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely, for my sake. 5.12. Rejoice, and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven. For that is how they persecuted the prophets who were before you. 19.12. For there are eunuchs who were born that way from their mother's womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men; and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven's sake. He who is able to receive it, let him receive it.
7. Anon., Acts of Paul, 3.5 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

8. Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, 2.125.2, 4.81, 7.1.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

9. Hermas, Similitudes, 9.28.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 1.22.1, 1.24.6, 1.25.3, 1.25.6, 1.27.4, 2.31.1-2.31.2, 3.3.2, 3.12.13, 3.14.3, 3.16.9, 3.17.4, 3.18.5, 3.19.3, 4.20.5, 4.33.4, 4.33.10, 5.8.1-5.8.2, 5.9.2, 5.24.4, 5.28.4 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

11. Justin, First Apology, 66 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

66. And this food is called among us Εὐχαριστία [the Eucharist], of which no one is allowed to partake but the man who believes that the things which we teach are true, and who has been washed with the washing that is for the remission of sins, and unto regeneration, and who is so living as Christ has enjoined. For not as common bread and common drink do we receive these; but in like manner as Jesus Christ our Saviour, having been made flesh by the Word of God, had both flesh and blood for our salvation, so likewise have we been taught that the food which is blessed by the prayer of His word, and from which our blood and flesh by transmutation are nourished, is the flesh and blood of that Jesus who was made flesh. For the apostles, in the memoirs composed by them, which are called Gospels, have thus delivered unto us what was enjoined upon them; that Jesus took bread, and when He had given thanks, said, This do in remembrance of Me, Luke 22:19 this is My body; and that, after the same manner, having taken the cup and given thanks, He said, This is My blood; and gave it to them alone. Which the wicked devils have imitated in the mysteries of Mithras, commanding the same thing to be done. For, that bread and a cup of water are placed with certain incantations in the mystic rites of one who is being initiated, you either know or can learn.
12. Justin, Dialogue With Trypho, 110.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

13. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.96.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

14. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 10.96.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15. Tertullian, Against Marcion, 1.24.4 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

16. Eusebius of Caesarea, Martyrs of Palestine, 10.3 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

17. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 4.15.46, 5.16.21, 7.12 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

4.15.46. of such an end was the admirable and apostolic Polycarp deemed worthy, as recorded by the brethren of the church of Smyrna in their epistle which we have mentioned. In the same volume concerning him are subjoined also other martyrdoms which took place in the same city, Smyrna, about the same period of time with Polycarp's martyrdom. Among them also Metrodorus, who appears to have been a proselyte of the Marcionitic sect, suffered death by fire. 5.16.21. For some of the heresies have a great many martyrs; but surely we shall not on that account agree with them or confess that they hold the truth. And first, indeed, those called Marcionites, from the heresy of Marcion, say that they have a multitude of martyrs for Christ; yet they do not confess Christ himself in truth.A little farther on he continues:
18. Nag Hammadi, The Gospel of Thomas, 54 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

19. Anon., Gospel of Thomas, 54



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
against the heresies (irenaeus of lyons) Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
alexandria Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
anonymous (anti-montanist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
arena,language of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
avircius marcellus Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
basilides Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
beatitudes,apostolic fathers Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 433
beatitudes,christian apocrypha Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 442
beatitudes,irenaeus Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 442
beatitudes,kingdom of god Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 433
beatitudes,reception history Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 433, 442
beatitudes Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 433, 442
carpocratians Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
cassian,julius Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
clement of alexandria,alterations to heresys link to philosophy Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
clement of alexandria,on martyrdom Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
clement of alexandria Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
cross,the Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 242
crucifixion Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
devil,battle with Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
erasmus Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241
ethics Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241, 242
evil Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241
execution Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
exegesis,in clement of alexandria Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
faith/the faith Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
from,understanding of martyrdom in Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
games Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
gladiatorial games,imagery of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
gnostic,characterization of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
heresy,alterity/otherness/exteriority of Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
heresy,division/multiplicity of Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
heresy,exclusion of Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
heresy,irenaeus on Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
heresy/heretics Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
hermas,shepherd of Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
ignatius Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 242
irenaeus,heresiological innovations Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
irenaeus Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308; Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 442
irenaeus of lyon Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
irenaeus of lyons,,and heresy Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
irenaeus of lyons,and gnostics Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
irenaeus of lyons,and orthodoxy Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
irenaeus of lyons,as source Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
john and paul Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 242
justin martyr,categorization of,and christian identity Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 157
justin martyr Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
kingdom of god,temporal dimensions Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 433
libertinism/license Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
love Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241
lyons Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241
magi,distortion of philosophy Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
marcion/ites Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
martyrdom,heretics too eager for Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
martyrdom/martyrs Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
martyrdom Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58; Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241, 242
martyrs Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58; Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 130, 241, 242
maximilla Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
montanus Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
orthodoxy,unity of Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
paganism,heresy assimilated to Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
participation Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241, 242
paul (apostle) Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
persecution/persecutions Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
persecutions Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
peter (apostle) Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
philosophy,assimilation of heresy to Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
platonism,heretics unfaithful to Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
pliny the younger Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
prisca/priscilla Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
prophetess,prophetesses Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
pseudo-prophecy/pseudoprophets Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
recapitulation Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 130
satan,and heresy Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
satan Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 241
seeing god,beatitudes,irenaeus Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 442
seeing god Potter Suh and Holladay (2021), Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays, 442
simon of samaria,as source of all heresy Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
stephen martyr Osborne (2001), Irenaeus of Lyons, 130, 242
succession,authentic succession Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 175
tertullian Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
trajan Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 58
women and montanism xxix,xxxv' Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 167
ψευδώνυμος Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
ἀπέχθεια Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308
ἐπιθυμία Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 308