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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6678
Homer, Odyssey, 3.4-3.66


οἱ δʼ ἰθὺς κατάγοντο ἰδʼ ἱστία νηὸς ἐίσηςthey made straight in, raised and furled the balanced ship's sail, moored her, and went ashore themselves. Telemachus stepped from the ship, and Athena led him. Bright-eyed goddess Athena spoke to him first: “Telemachus, you need no longer feel bashful, not a bit
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τοὔνεκα γὰρ καὶ πόντον ἐπέπλως, ὄφρα πύθηαιfor you've sailed upon the sea just for this, to find out about your father, where the earth covered him and what fate he met. But come now, go straight to Nestor, the tamer of horses. Let's see what counsel he has hidden in his chest. Entreat him yourself, so he'll speak infallibly.
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ψεῦδος δʼ οὐκ ἐρέει· μάλα γὰρ πεπνυμένος ἐστί.Since he's very astute, he will not tell a lie.” Astute Telemachus said back to her in turn: “Mentor, how should I go to him, how should I greet him? I've never had any experience with cunning words, and it's disgraceful for a young man to interrogate his elder.”
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τὸν δʼ αὖτε προσέειπε θεά, γλαυκῶπις Ἀθήνη·Bright-eyed goddess Athena said back to him: “Telemachus, you'll figure out some of this yourself, in your own mind, and a divinity will advise you on the rest, for, no, I don't think that you were born and raised against the will of the gods.” So saying, Pallas Athena led
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καρπαλίμως· ὁ δʼ ἔπειτα μετʼ ἴχνια βαῖνε θεοῖο.quickly, and he followed in the footsteps of the goddess. They came to a gathering and companies of men of Pylos. Nestor sat there with his sons, as his comrades about him were preparing a feast, roasting some meat and spitting the rest. When they saw the strangers, they came all together
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χερσίν τʼ ἠσπάζοντο καὶ ἑδριάασθαι ἄνωγον.took their hands in greeting and bid them to sit down. Peisistratus Nestorides came close first, took each one's hand, and seated them at the feast on soft fleeces on the sea's sand, beside his brother Thrasymedes and his father.
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δῶκε δʼ ἄρα σπλάγχνων μοίρας, ἐν δʼ οἶνον ἔχευενHe gave them portions of the entrails, poured wine into a golden goblet, and toasting her, said to Pallas Athena, daughter of Aegis-bearer Zeus: “Pray now to lord Poseidon, stranger, for it's his feast that you've come upon in coming here.
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αὐτὰρ ἐπὴν σπείσῃς τε καὶ εὔξεαι, ἣ θέμις ἐστίThen once you've prayed and made libation, as is the custom, then give the goblet of honey-sweet wine to that one to make libation, since I think he also prays to the immortals. All men need the gods. Since he's younger, the same age as I myself
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ἷξον· τοὶ δʼ ἐπὶ θινὶ θαλάσσης ἱερὰ ῥέζονof Neleus. On the sea's shore some were making sacrifice of pitch-black bulls to the dark-haired Earthshaker. There were nine companies, and five hundred sat in each, and at each place they had nine bulls before them. While these tasted the entrails and burned the thighs to the god


τοὔνεκα σοὶ προτέρῳ δώσω χρύσειον ἄλεισον.I'll therefore give you the golden chalice first.” So saying, he put the goblet of sweet wine in her hand and Athena rejoiced at the astute man, the just one, because he'd given her the chalice first. She immediately prayed hard to lord Poseidon:
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κλῦθι, Ποσείδαον γαιήοχε, μηδὲ μεγήρῃς“Listen, Earthshaker Poseidon, and don't begrudge those of us who pray for them the doing of these deeds. First of all, to Nestor and his sons, grant glory, then to the rest, grant graceful recompense, to each and every Pylian, for their glorious hecatomb.
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δὸς δʼ ἔτι Τηλέμαχον καὶ ἐμὲ πρήξαντα νέεσθαιFurther, grant that Telemachus and I go home, having done that which we came here, in a swift black ship, to do.” So she then prayed, while she herself was making it all happen. She gave Telemachus the fine double-handled goblet so the dear son of Odysseus could pray in the same way.
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οἱ δʼ ἐπεὶ ὤπτησαν κρέʼ ὑπέρτερα καὶ ἐρύσαντοAfter they'd roasted the outer meats and pulled them off, they divided the portions and dined at a glorious feast. Then after they'd dispatched desire for food and drink, Gerenian horseman Nestor was the first of them to speak: “It's now more fitting to inquire and ask
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

10 results
1. Homer, Iliad, 1.9, 1.36 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

1.9. /from the time when first they parted in strife Atreus' son, king of men, and brilliant Achilles.Who then of the gods was it that brought these two together to contend? The son of Leto and Zeus; for he in anger against the king roused throughout the host an evil pestilence, and the people began to perish 1.36. /to the lord Apollo, whom fair-haired Leto bore:Hear me, god of the silver bow, who stand over Chryse and holy Cilla, and rule mightily over Tenedos, Sminthian god, if ever I roofed over a temple to your pleasing, or if ever I burned to you fat thigh-pieces of bulls and goats
2. Homer, Odyssey, 3.1-3.2, 3.4-3.9, 3.11-3.66 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

3. Herodotus, Histories, 2.181 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2.181. Amasis made friends and allies of the people of Cyrene . And he decided to marry from there, either because he had his heart set on a Greek wife, or for the sake of the Corcyreans' friendship; ,in any case, he married a certain Ladice, said by some to be the daughter of Battus, of Arcesilaus by others, and by others again of Critobulus, an esteemed citizen of the place. But whenever Amasis lay with her, he became unable to have intercourse, though he managed with every other woman; ,and when this happened repeatedly, Amasis said to the woman called Ladice, “Woman, you have cast a spell on me, and there is no way that you shall avoid perishing the most wretchedly of all women.” ,So Ladice, when the king did not relent at all although she denied it, vowed in her heart to Aphrodite that, if Amasis could have intercourse with her that night, since that would remedy the problem, she would send a statue to Cyrene to her. And after the prayer, immediately, Amasis did have intercourse with her. And whenever Amasis came to her thereafter, he had intercourse, and he was very fond of her after this. ,Ladice paid her vow to the goddess; she had an image made and sent it to Cyrene, where it stood safe until my time, facing outside the city. Cambyses, when he had conquered Egypt and learned who Ladice was, sent her away to Cyrene unharmed.
4. Plato, Euthyphro, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4c. Naxos, he was working there on our land. Now he got drunk, got angry with one of our house slaves, and butchered him. So my father bound him hand and foot, threw him into a ditch, and sent a man here to Athens to ask the religious adviser what he ought
5. Sophocles, Antigone, 1059, 992-993, 1058 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

6. Sophocles, Oedipus The King, 285-286, 284 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

7. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4.31.7-4.31.8 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4.31.7. By Damophon too is the so-called Laphria at Messene . The cult came to be established among them in the following way: Among the people of Calydon, Artemis, who was worshipped by them above all the gods, had the title Laphria, and the Messenians who received Naupactus from the Athenians, being at that time close neighbors of the Aetolians, adopted her from the people of Calydon. I will describe her appearance in another place. Paus. 7.18.8 The name Laphria spread only to the Messenians and to the Achaeans of Patrae . 4.31.8. But all cities worship Artemis of Ephesus, and individuals hold her in honor above all the gods. The reason, in my view, is the renown of the Amazons, who traditionally dedicated the image, also the extreme antiquity of this sanctuary. Three other points as well have contributed to her renown, the size of the temple, surpassing all buildings among men, the eminence of the city of the Ephesians and the renown of the goddess who dwells there.
8. Sidonius Apollinaris, Letters, 4.21, 8.12 (5th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

9. Epigraphy, Lsam, 50

10. Epigraphy, Lss, 20.17-20.23



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alimentary system Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
amasis ii (pharaoh) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
antelopes Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
aphrodite (goddess, aka mylitta, ailat, mitra) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
apollo (god), sanctuary at delos Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
apollo (god), sanctuary at didyma Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
artemis Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
artemis (goddess), laphria festival Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
athens, asembly Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
bears Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
birds, sacrificial victims Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
bones Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
bremmer, jan n. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
burkert, walter Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
callimachus, and presentation of the divine Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
chaniotis, angelos Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
chankowski, andrzej s. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
chios Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
clan/kinship group (genos) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
commensality Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
communal religion Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
cultic ritual practice, feasting Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
cultic ritual practice, processions Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
cultural memory, oracles and divination Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
cultural memory, social cohesion and identity Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
cultural memory Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
death and the afterlife, funerary speeches Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
death and the afterlife, public funerals Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
deer Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
discontinuity, geographical, in aetia, divine action, poets and Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
divinities, in work of callimachus Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
divinities, origins and genealogies of Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
domestic Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
epic narrative Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
euthyphro (religious prophet) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
festivals, laphria Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
festivals, panathenaia Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
gods and goddesses, universal and local nature of Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
graf, fritz Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
heads Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
herodotos Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
homer, gods Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
homer, iliad Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
homer, odyssey Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
hunting, and sacrifice Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
hymn '1 to zeus" "758.0_248@hymn '2 to apollo" Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
hymn to the muses, gods Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
kalydon Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
kirk, g.s. Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
krauter, s. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
kreon (mythological ruler) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
ladike (wife of amasis ii) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
lampon (seer) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
loraux, nicole Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
miletos Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
mycenaean sacrifice Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
myth/mythology Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
naiden, fred Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14, 265
oedipus (mythological hero) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
oracles Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
past, and present, interaction between Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
patras Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
pausanias Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
persian wars Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
pigs, wild Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
plato, euthyphro Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
poetry/poetic performance Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
poets, theology Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
prayer, greek Acosta-Hughes Lehnus and Stephens, Brill's Companion to Callimachus (2011) 248
priests (hiereis)/priestesses (hiereiai)/priesthood Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
religion/theology, diversity/plurality Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
religious authority, experts (exegetes) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
religious authority, sacred law/prescriptions Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
sacrifice (thysia), animal slaughter Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14, 265
sacrifice (thysia), holocaust sacrifice Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
sacrifice (thysia), laphria festival Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
sacrifice (thysia) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 265
sanctuaries/temples, sacred law/prescriptions Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
sanctuaries/temples Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
sokolowski, franciszek Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
teiresias (mythological prophet) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 14
trees, hanging heads and skin from Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49
votive stelai, votives, exotic fauna as' Hitch, Animal sacrifice in the ancient Greek world (2017) 49