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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6465
Herodotus, Histories, 7.6


ταῦτα ἔλεγε οἷα νεωτέρων ἔργων ἐπιθυμητὴς ἐὼν καὶ θέλων αὐτὸς τῆς Ἑλλάδος ὕπαρχος εἶναι. χρόνῳ δὲ κατεργάσατό τε καὶ ἀνέπεισε ὥστε ποιέειν ταῦτα Ξέρξην· συνέλαβε γὰρ καὶ ἄλλα οἱ σύμμαχα γενόμενα ἐς τὸ πείθεσθαι Ξέρξην. τοῦτο μὲν ἀπὸ τῆς Θεσσαλίης παρὰ τῶν Ἀλευαδέων ἀπιγμένοι ἄγγελοι ἐπεκαλέοντο βασιλέα πᾶσαν προθυμίην παρεχόμενοι ἐπὶ τὴν Ἑλλάδα· οἱ δὲ Ἀλευάδαι οὗτοι ἦσαν Θεσσαλίης βασιλέες. τοῦτο δὲ Πεισιστρατιδέων οἱ ἀναβεβηκότες ἐς Σοῦσα, τῶν τε αὐτῶν λόγων ἐχόμενοι τῶν καὶ οἱ Ἀλευάδαι, καὶ δή τι πρὸς τούτοισι ἔτι πλέον προσωρέγοντό οἱ· ἔχοντες Ὀνομάκριτον ἄνδρα Ἀθηναῖον, χρησμολόγον τε καὶ διαθέτην χρησμῶν τῶν Μουσαίου, ἀναβεβήκεσαν, τὴν ἔχθρην προκαταλυσάμενοι. ἐξηλάσθη γὰρ ὑπὸ Ἱππάρχου τοῦ Πεισιστράτου ὁ Ὀνομάκριτος ἐξ Ἀθηνέων, ἐπʼ αὐτοφώρῳ ἁλοὺς ὑπὸ Λάσου τοῦ Ἑρμιονέος ἐμποιέων ἐς τὰ Μουσαίου χρησμόν, ὡς αἱ ἐπὶ Λήμνῳ ἐπικείμεναι νῆσοι ἀφανιζοίατο κατὰ τῆς θαλάσσης. διὸ ἐξήλασέ μιν ὁ Ἵππαρχος, πρότερον χρεώμενος τὰ μάλιστα. τότε δὲ συναναβὰς ὅκως ἀπίκοιτο ἐς ὄψιν τὴν βασιλέος, λεγόντων τῶν Πεισιστρατιδέων περὶ αὐτοῦ σεμνοὺς λόγους, κατέλεγε τῶν χρησμῶν· εἰ μέν τι ἐνέοι σφάλμα φέρον τῷ βαρβάρῳ, τῶν μὲν ἔλεγε οὐδέν, ὁ δὲ τὰ εὐτυχέστατα ἐκλεγόμενος ἔλεγε τόν τε Ἑλλήσποντον ὡς ζευχθῆναι χρεὸν εἴη ὑπʼ ἀνδρὸς Πέρσεω, τήν τε ἔλασιν ἐξηγεόμενος. οὗτός τε δὴ χρησμῳδέων προσεφέρετο καὶ οἵ τε Πεισιστρατίδαι καὶ οἱ Ἀλευάδαι γνώμας ἀποδεικνύμενοι.He said this because he desired adventures and wanted to be governor of Hellas. Finally he worked on Xerxes and persuaded him to do this, and other things happened that helped him to persuade Xerxes. ,Messengers came from Thessaly from the Aleuadae (who were princes of Thessaly) and invited the king into Hellas with all earnestness; the Pisistratidae who had come up to Susa used the same pleas as the Aleuadae, offering Xerxes even more than they did. ,They had come up to Sardis with Onomacritus, an Athenian diviner who had set in order the oracles of Musaeus. They had reconciled their previous hostility with him; Onomacritus had been banished from Athens by Pisistratus' son Hipparchus, when he was caught by Lasus of Hermione in the act of interpolating into the writings of Musaeus an oracle showing that the islands off Lemnos would disappear into the sea. ,Because of this Hipparchus banished him, though they had previously been close friends. Now he had arrived at Susa with the Pisistratidae, and whenever he came into the king's presence they used lofty words concerning him and he recited from his oracles; all that portended disaster to the Persian he left unspoken, choosing and reciting such prophecies as were most favorable, telling how the Hellespont must be bridged by a man of Persia and describing the expedition. ,So he brought his oracles to bear, while the Pisistratidae and Aleuadae gave their opinions.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

27 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 6.6, 6.8, 6.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.6. וַיָּבוֹא הָמָן וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ הַמֶּלֶךְ מַה־לַעֲשׂוֹת בָּאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר הַמֶּלֶךְ חָפֵץ בִּיקָרוֹ וַיֹּאמֶר הָמָן בְּלִבּוֹ לְמִי יַחְפֹּץ הַמֶּלֶךְ לַעֲשׂוֹת יְקָר יוֹתֵר מִמֶּנִּי׃ 6.8. יָבִיאוּ לְבוּשׁ מַלְכוּת אֲשֶׁר לָבַשׁ־בּוֹ הַמֶּלֶךְ וְסוּס אֲשֶׁר רָכַב עָלָיו הַמֶּלֶךְ וַאֲשֶׁר נִתַּן כֶּתֶר מַלְכוּת בְּרֹאשׁוֹ׃ 6.6. So Haman came in. And the king said unto him: ‘What shall be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour?’—Now Haman said in his heart: ‘Whom would the king delight to honour besides myself?’—" 6.8. let royal apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and on whose head a crown royal is set;" 6.10. Then the king said to Haman: ‘Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king’s gate; let nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken.’"
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 6.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.17. וַאֲנִי הִנְנִי מֵבִיא אֶת־הַמַּבּוּל מַיִם עַל־הָאָרֶץ לְשַׁחֵת כָּל־בָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ רוּחַ חַיִּים מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמָיִם כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־בָּאָרֶץ יִגְוָע׃ 6.17. And I, behold, I do bring the flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; every thing that is in the earth shall perish."
3. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 22 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 36.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

36.4. דִּבְרֵי־פִיו אָוֶן וּמִרְמָה חָדַל לְהַשְׂכִּיל לְהֵיטִיב׃ 36.4. The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit; He hath left off to be wise, to do good."
5. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 25.17 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

25.17. וְעַתָּה דְּעִי וּרְאִי מַה־תַּעֲשִׂי כִּי־כָלְתָה הָרָעָה אֶל־אֲדֹנֵינוּ וְעַל כָּל־בֵּיתוֹ וְהוּא בֶּן־בְּלִיַּעַל מִדַּבֵּר אֵלָיו׃ 25.17. Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a base fellow, that no man can speak to him."
6. Hebrew Bible, 2 Kings, 5.4-5.6 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

5.4. וַיָּבֹא וַיַּגֵּד לַאדֹנָיו לֵאמֹר כָּזֹאת וְכָזֹאת דִּבְּרָה הַנַּעֲרָה אֲשֶׁר מֵאֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 5.5. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ־אֲרָם לֶךְ־בֹּא וְאֶשְׁלְחָה סֵפֶר אֶל־מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיִּקַּח בְּיָדוֹ עֶשֶׂר כִּכְּרֵי־כֶסֶף וְשֵׁשֶׁת אֲלָפִים זָהָב וְעֶשֶׂר חֲלִיפוֹת בְּגָדִים׃ 5.6. וַיָּבֵא הַסֵּפֶר אֶל־מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר וְעַתָּה כְּבוֹא הַסֵּפֶר הַזֶּה אֵלֶיךָ הִנֵּה שָׁלַחְתִּי אֵלֶיךָ אֶת־נַעֲמָן עַבְדִּי וַאֲסַפְתּוֹ מִצָּרַעְתּוֹ׃ 5.4. And he went in, and told his lord, saying: ‘Thus and thus said the maid that is of the land of Israel.’" 5.5. And the king of Aram said: ‘Go now, and I will send a letter unto the king of Israel.’ And he departed, and took with him ten talents of silver, and six thousand pieces of gold, and ten changes of raiment." 5.6. And he brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying: ‘And now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I have sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover him of his leprosy.’"
7. Xenophanes, Fragments, None (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8. Xenophanes, Fragments, None (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

9. Xenophanes, Fragments, None (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

10. Aristophanes, Birds, 959-991, 521 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

521. Λάμπων δ' ὄμνυς' ἔτι καὶ νυνὶ τὸν χῆν', ὅταν ἐξαπατᾷ τι.
11. Aristophanes, Clouds, 332 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

332. Θουριομάντεις ἰατροτέχνας σφραγιδονυχαργοκομήτας
12. Aristophanes, Peace, 1044-1126, 1043 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1043. ὄπτα καλῶς νυν αὐτά: καὶ γὰρ οὑτοσὶ
13. Euripides, Hippolytus, 954, 953 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

14. Euripides, Suppliant Women, 1204 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

15. Herodotus, Histories, None (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.13. So he took possession of the sovereign power and was confirmed in it by the Delphic oracle. For when the Lydians took exception to what was done to Candaules, and took up arms, the faction of Gyges came to an agreement with the rest of the people that if the oracle should ordain him king of the Lydians, then he would reign; but if not, then he would return the kingship to the Heraclidae. ,The oracle did so ordain, and Gyges thus became king. However, the Pythian priestess declared that the Heraclidae would have vengeance on Gyges' posterity in the fifth generation; an utterance to which the Lydians and their kings paid no regard until it was fulfilled.
16. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 6.54.6-6.54.7, 6.59, 8.1.1 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6.54.6. For the rest, the city was left in full enjoyment of its existing laws, except that care was always taken to have the offices in the hands of some one of the family. Among those of them that held the yearly archonship at Athens was Pisistratus, son of the tyrant Hippias, and named after his grandfather, who dedicated during his term of office the altar to the twelve gods in the market-place, and that of Apollo in the Pythian precinct. 6.54.7. The Athenian people afterwards built on to and lengthened the altar in the market-place, and obliterated the inscription; but that in the Pythian precinct can still be seen, though in faded letters, and is to the following effect:— Pisistratus, the son of Hippias, Set up this record of his archonship In precinct of Apollo Pythias. 8.1.1. Such were the events in Sicily . When the news was brought to Athens, for a long while they disbelieved even the most respectable of the soldiers who had themselves escaped from the scene of action and clearly reported the matter, a destruction so complete not being thought credible. When the conviction was forced upon them, they were angry with the orators who had joined in promoting the expedition, just as if they had not themselves voted it, and were enraged also with the reciters of oracles and soothsayers, and all other omenmongers of the time who had encouraged them to hope that they should conquer Sicily .
17. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 13.5 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

18. Lycophron, Alexandra, 1207, 1206 (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19. Septuagint, Judith, 2.1-2.3, 2.6-2.7, 4.7, 5.5-5.21 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

2.1. In the eighteenth year, on the twenty-second day of the first month, there was talk in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar king of the Assyrians about carrying out his revenge on the whole region, just as he said. 2.2. He called together all his officers and all his nobles and set forth to them his secret plan and recounted fully, with his own lips, all the wickedness of the region; 2.3. and it was decided that every one who had not obeyed his command should be destroyed. 2.6. Go and attack the whole west country, because they disobeyed my orders. 2.7. Tell them to prepare earth and water, for I am coming against them in my anger, and will cover the whole face of the earth with the feet of my armies, and will hand them over to be plundered by my troops 4.7. ordering them to seize the passes up into the hills, since by them Judea could be invaded, and it was easy to stop any who tried to enter, for the approach was narrow, only wide enough for two men at the most. 5.5. Then Achior, the leader of all the Ammonites, said to him, "Let my lord now hear a word from the mouth of your servant, and I will tell you the truth about this people that dwells in the nearby mountain district. No falsehood shall come from your servant's mouth. 5.6. This people is descended from the Chaldeans. 5.7. At one time they lived in Mesopotamia, because they would not follow the gods of their fathers who were in Chaldea. 5.8. For they had left the ways of their ancestors, and they worshiped the God of heaven, the God they had come to know; hence they drove them out from the presence of their gods; and they fled to Mesopotamia, and lived there for a long time. 5.9. Then their God commanded them to leave the place where they were living and go to the land of Canaan. There they settled, and prospered, with much gold and silver and very many cattle. 5.10. When a famine spread over Canaan they went down to Egypt and lived there as long as they had food; and there they became a great multitude -- so great that they could not be counted. 5.11. So the king of Egypt became hostile to them; he took advantage of them and set them to making bricks, and humbled them and made slaves of them. 5.12. Then they cried out to their God, and he afflicted the whole land of Egypt with incurable plagues; and so the Egyptians drove them out of their sight. 5.13. Then God dried up the Red Sea before them 5.14. and he led them by the way of Sinai and Kadesh-barnea, and drove out all the people of the wilderness. 5.15. So they lived in the land of the Amorites, and by their might destroyed all the inhabitants of Heshbon; and crossing over the Jordan they took possession of all the hill country. 5.16. And they drove out before them the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Jebusites and the Shechemites and all the Gergesites, and lived there a long time. 5.17. As long as they did not sin against their God they prospered, for the God who hates iniquity is with them. 5.18. But when they departed from the way which he had appointed for them, they were utterly defeated in many battles and were led away captive to a foreign country; the temple of their God was razed to the ground, and their cities were captured by their enemies. 5.19. But now they have returned to their God, and have come back from the places to which they were scattered, and have occupied Jerusalem, where their sanctuary is, and have settled in the hill country, because it was uninhabited. 5.20. Now therefore, my master and lord, if there is any unwitting error in this people and they sin against their God and we find out their offense, then we will go up and defeat them. 5.21. But if there is no transgression in their nation, then let my lord pass them by; for their Lord will defend them, and their God will protect them, and we shall be put to shame before the whole world.
20. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 1.6-1.13 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.6. 2. And now, in the first place, I cannot but greatly wonder at those men who suppose that we must attend to none but Grecians, when we are inquiring about the most ancient facts, and must inform ourselves of their truth from them only, while we must not believe ourselves nor other men; for I am convinced that the very reverse is the truth of the case. I mean this,—if we will not be led by vain opinions, but will make inquiry after truth from facts themselves; 1.6. 12. As for ourselves, therefore, we neither inhabit a maritime country, nor do we delight in merchandise, nor in such a mixture with other men as arises from it; but the cities we dwell in are remote from the sea, and having a fruitful country for our habitation, we take pains in cultivating that only. Our principal care of all is this, to educate our children well; and we think it to be the most necessary business of our whole life to observe the laws that have been given us, and to keep those rules of piety that have been delivered down to us. 1.7. for they will find, that almost all which concerns the Greeks happened not long ago; nay, one may say, is of yesterday only. I speak of the building of their cities, the invention of their arts, and the description of their laws; and as for their care about the writing down of their histories, it is very near the last thing they set about. 1.7. Now, the very same thing will I endeavor to do; for I will bring the Egyptians and the Phoenicians as my principal witnesses, because nobody can complain of their testimony as false on account that they are known to have borne the greatest ill will towards us,—I mean this as to the Egyptians, in general all of them, while of the Phoenicians it is known the Tyrians have been most of all in the same ill disposition towards us: 1.8. However, they acknowledge themselves so far, that they were the Egyptians, the Chaldeans, and the Phoenicians (for I will not now reckon ourselves among them) that have preserved the memorials of the most ancient and most lasting traditions of mankind; 1.8. When this man had reigned thirteen years, after him reigned another, whose name was Beon, for forty-four years; after him reigned another, called Apachnas, thirty-six years and seven months; after him Apophis reigned sixty-one years, and then Jonias fifty years and one month; 1.9. for almost all these nations inhabit such countries as are least subject to destruction from the world about them; and these also have taken especial care to have nothing omitted of what was [remarkably] done among them; but their history was esteemed sacred, and put into public tables, as written by men of the greatest wisdom they had among them; 1.9. but that, as they were in fear of the Assyrians, who had then the dominion over Asia, they built a city in that country which is now called Judea, and that large enough to contain this great number of men, and called it Jerusalem.” 1.11. yet is nobody able to demonstrate that they have any writing preserved from that time, neither in their temples, nor in any other public monuments. This appears, because the time when those lived who went to the Trojan war, so many years afterward, is in great doubt, and great inquiry is made whether the Greeks used their letters at that time; and the most prevailing opinion, and that nearest the truth, is, that their present way of using those letters was unknown at that time. 1.11. He thereupon was ambitious to contribute to the splendor of this edifice of Solomon, and made him a present of one hundred and twenty talents of gold. He also cut down the most excellent timber out of that mountain which is so called Libanus, and sent it to him for adorning its roof. Solomon also not only made him many other presents, by way of requital, but gave him a country in Galilee also, that was called Chabulon; 1.12. However, there is not any writing which the Greeks agree to be genuine among them ancienter than Homer’s Poems, who must plainly be confessed later than the siege of Troy; nay, the report goes, that even he did not leave his poems in writing, but that their memory was preserved in songs, and they were put together afterward; and this is the reason of such a number of variations as are found in them. 1.12. Under this king there was a younger son of Abdemon, who mastered the problems which Solomon, king of Jerusalem, had recommended to be solved.” 1.13. As for those who set themselves about writing their histories, I mean such as Cadmus of Miletus, and Acusilaus of Argos, and any others that may be mentioned as succeeding Acusilaus, they lived but a little while before the Persian expedition into Greece. 1.13. This Berosus, therefore, following the most ancient records of that nation, gives us a history of the deluge of waters that then happened, and of the destruction of mankind thereby, and agrees with Moses’s narration thereof. He also gives us an account of that ark wherein Noah, the origin of our race, was preserved, when it was brought to the highest part of the Armenian mountains
21. New Testament, Acts, 1.26 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.26. They drew lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
22. Plutarch, Cimon, 8.6 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

23. Plutarch, Precepts of Statecraft, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

812d. So Pericles made use of Menippus for the position of general, humbled the Council of the Areopagus by means of Ephialtes, passed the decree against the Megarians by means of Charinus, and sent Lampon out as founder of Thurii. For, when power seems to be distributed among many, not only does the weight of hatreds and enmities become less troublesome, but there is also greater efficiency in the conduct of affairs. For just as the division of the hand into fingers does not make it weak, but renders it a more skillful instrument for use, so the statesman who gives to others a share in the government
24. Plutarch, Theseus, 36.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

25. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4.32.3 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4.32.3. There is also the tomb of Aristomenes here. They say that it is not a cenotaph, but when I asked whence and in what manner they recovered the bones of Aristomenes, they said that they sent to Rhodes for them, and that it was the god of Delphi who ordered it. They also instructed me in the nature of the rites carried out at the tomb. The bull which is to be offered to the dead man is brought to the tomb and bound to the pillar which stands upon the grave. Being fierce and unused to bonds he will not stand; and if the pillar is moved by his struggles and bounds, it is a good omen to the Messenians, but if the pillar is not moved the sign portends misfortune.
26. Epigraphy, Ml, 73, 52

27. Orphic Hymns., Fragments, 476.12, 491.3



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
achaea Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
achior, talks to holophernes Gera, Judith (2014) 61
acusilaos Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 82
aeschines Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
ahasuerus Gera, Judith (2014) 138
aleuads, clan of larisa Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
alexander the great Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
alkmaionids, athenian clan Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
amphiaraus, hero of thebes Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
amphictyonic league, delphi Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
aphrodite, abaios Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
aphrodite, ptoös of ptoön Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
apries of egypt Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
aram, king of Gera, Judith (2014) 138
archives Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
aristomenes Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
aristophanes, on hierokles and lampon Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 255
aristophanes Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
aristotle, on hybris Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 151
arkas Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
artabanus of persia Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141, 148
artaüctes of persia Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
artemisium Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 289
athena, ilias of troy Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
athena Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 82
atossa Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
augustine, of memory Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 82
augustine, of writing Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 82
babylonia Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
bacis Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
balaam Gera, Judith (2014) 138
balak Gera, Judith (2014) 138
bethulia Gera, Judith (2014) 61
bones, hero bones Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
book of judith, and greek writings Gera, Judith (2014) 61
booty and plundering Gera, Judith (2014) 138
bowden, hugh Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
cambyses of persia, dreams of Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
candaules of lydia Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
carneades Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
chaironeia Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
chresmologoi Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38, 141, 157
cleomenes of sparta, omens to Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
cleomenes of sparta, oracles to Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
cleon Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 289
commanders, army, and kings Gera, Judith (2014) 138
corinthians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
councils and conferences Gera, Judith (2014) 61, 138
court tales Gera, Judith (2014) 61
croesus of lydia, piety of Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
crush/ shatter enemy Gera, Judith (2014) 138
cultural memory, oracles and divination Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
cyrus of persia, dreams of Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
daimones Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
daochos ii of pharsalos Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
dareios, king of persia Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
darius Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
darius of persia Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
datis, persians general, delos and Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
dead, treatment of Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
dedications Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160; Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141, 148
delos and delians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
delphi, pythian apollo Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
delphic oracle, to athenians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
delphic oracle, to cleomenes Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
delphic oracle, to spartans Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
delphic oracle, wooden wall, Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38, 141, 148
delphic oracle Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
demaratus Gera, Judith (2014) 61; Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
demaratus of sparta Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
dice oracles Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
dillery, j. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
dillery, john Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
dionysius of halicarnassus Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
dionysius the areopagite Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
divination, and anthropology Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
divination, and randomization Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
dream interpreters Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38
dreams, of polycrates daughter Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
dreams Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
earth, and water Gera, Judith (2014) 61
egypt/egyptians Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
egypt and egyptians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
eidinow, esther Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
euboia Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 255
eëtion of corinth Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
fear Gera, Judith (2014) 61
fisher, n. Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 151
floods Gera, Judith (2014) 138
flower, michael a. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
fortuna, cult of Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
funeral oration Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
graeca interpretatio Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
haman Gera, Judith (2014) 138
hanun Gera, Judith (2014) 138
hektor Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
herodotus, coincidences and synchronisms Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
herodotus Gera, Judith (2014) 61; Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38; Tor, Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology (2017) 145
heroes and heroines, of thebes Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
heroes and heroines, of troy Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
hierokles Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 255
hieronymus Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38
hipparchus of athens Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38
hippias, tyrant, son of peisistratos Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
historiography, development of Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
historiography, local Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
holophernes, silent Gera, Judith (2014) 138
holophernes Gera, Judith (2014) 138
hybris, and honour Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 151
hybris, behavioural aspect of Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 151
iconography Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
jerusalem Gera, Judith (2014) 61
josephus Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
kleisthenes, athenian statesman Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
lampon Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 255
language and style, book of judith, calques and hebraicisms Gera, Judith (2014) 138
language and style, book of judith, mistranslation of hebrew? Gera, Judith (2014) 138
larisa Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
lysistratus of athens Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
macedonia Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 289
macedonians Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
magoi Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
manteis Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38, 141, 157
mardonius Gera, Judith (2014) 61, 138; Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
mardonius of persia, omens to Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
mardonius of persia, oracles to Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
megistias of acarnania Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
miltiades the younger of athens, impieties of Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
miracles, at athens Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
musaeus Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38
musaios (poet) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
mys of europus Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
möbius, h. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
naaman Gera, Judith (2014) 138
naxians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
nebuchadnezzar of judith Gera, Judith (2014) 61, 138
necessity Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
nereids, goddesses Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
noah Gera, Judith (2014) 138
omens, testing of Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
omens, to artaüctes Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
omens, to athenians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
omens, to delians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
omens, to greeks Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
omens Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38, 141
onomacritus Johnston and Struck, Mantikê: Studies in Ancient Divination (2005) 38; Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38, 141, 157
onomakritos Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 255
oracles, collectors, chanters, and interpreters (chresmologoi) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
oracles, divination Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
oracles, of trophonius Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
oracles, pythia Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
oracles, pythian apollo Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
oracles, reading of entrails Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
oracles, reports, herodotus Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 454
oracles, seers/diviners (manteis) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
oracles Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299; Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38, 148, 157
oral tradition Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
peisistratid alliance with thessalians Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
peisistratids Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
peisistratus Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
pella Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
peloponnesian war Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38
persian traces in judith Gera, Judith (2014) 61
phicol Gera, Judith (2014) 138
philip ii of macedonia Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
phthonos Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
pisistratos Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 255
pisistratus Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38
polycrates of samos Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
portraits Grzesik, Honorific Culture at Delphi in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (2022) 160
prayers, of lydians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141
prayers Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141, 148
priests (hiereis)/priestesses (hiereiai)/priesthood Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
prophecy, unsolicited oracles Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 454
psammetichus Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
pythia Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
pythia of delphi Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
questions, divinatory Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
questions, multiple Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
questions Gera, Judith (2014) 61
rationality, in divination Tor, Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology (2017) 145
reassurance' Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
religious authority, experts (exegetes) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
religious authority, seers/diviners (manteis) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
religious authority, sorcerers/begging priests Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
sacrifices, by persians Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
sacrifices Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141, 148
salamis Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 289
samos/samians Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146
scyles of scythia Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
sparta/spartans Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
spartans Gera, Judith (2014) 61; Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 148
temple records Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 7
thermopylae Gera, Judith (2014) 61; Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 289
thetis, goddess Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
thinking big Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 151
thucydides, son of melesias, chronology Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 289
thucydides Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
tisamenos Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy, Esther Eidinow, Ancient Divination and Experience (2019) 49
trophonius, god of lebadea Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
troy, xerxes at Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
vale of tempe, thessaly Lalone, Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War Goddess (2019) 190
women, female diviners/seers (manteis) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 299
xenophanes, his attitude to divine disclosure, his attitude to divine disclosure Tor, Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology (2017) 145
xenophanes, his attitude to divine disclosure, intentionality in his notion of disclosure Tor, Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology (2017) 145
xenophanes, his attitude to divine disclosure, its role in human inquiry Tor, Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology (2017) 145
xenophanes, on divination Tor, Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology (2017) 145
xerxes Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 151; Gera, Judith (2014) 61, 138; Kingsley Monti and Rood, The Authoritative Historian: Tradition and Innovation in Ancient Historiography (2022) 146; Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 289
xerxes of persia, dreams of Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 141, 148
xerxes of persia, omens to Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157
xerxes of persia, oracles to Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 38, 141, 157
xerxes of persia, respect for religious conventions Mikalson, Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars (2003) 157