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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6465
Herodotus, Histories, 7.35


ὡς δʼ ἐπύθετο Ξέρξης, δεινὰ ποιεύμενος τὸν Ἑλλήσποντον ἐκέλευσε τριηκοσίας ἐπικέσθαι μάστιγι πληγὰς καὶ κατεῖναι ἐς τὸ πέλαγος πεδέων ζεῦγος. ἤδη δὲ ἤκουσα ὡς καὶ στιγέας ἅμα τούτοισι ἀπέπεμψε στίξοντας τὸν Ἑλλήσποντον. ἐνετέλλετο δὲ ὦν ῥαπίζοντας λέγειν βάρβαρά τε καὶ ἀτάσθαλα· “ὦ πικρὸν ὕδωρ, δεσπότης τοι δίκην ἐπιτιθεῖ τήνδε, ὅτι μιν ἠδίκησας οὐδὲν πρὸς ἐκείνου ἄδικον παθόν. καὶ βασιλεὺς μὲν Ξέρξης διαβήσεταί σε, ἤν τε σύ γε βούλῃ ἤν τε μή· σοὶ δὲ κατὰ δίκην ἄρα οὐδεὶς ἀνθρώπων θύει ὡς ἐόντι καὶ θολερῷ καὶ ἁλμυρῷ ποταμῷ.” τήν τε δὴ θάλασσαν ἐνετέλλετο τούτοισι ζημιοῦν καὶ τῶν ἐπεστεώτων τῇ ζεύξι τοῦ Ἑλλησπόντου ἀποταμεῖν τὰς κεφαλάς.When Xerxes heard of this, he was very angry and commanded that the Hellespont be whipped with three hundred lashes, and a pair of fetters be thrown into the sea. I have even heard that he sent branders with them to brand the Hellespont. ,He commanded them while they whipped to utter words outlandish and presumptuous, “Bitter water, our master thus punishes you, because you did him wrong though he had done you none. Xerxes the king will pass over you, whether you want it or not; in accordance with justice no one offers you sacrifice, for you are a turbid and briny river.” ,He commanded that the sea receive these punishments and that the overseers of the bridge over the Hellespont be beheaded.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

18 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 27.15 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

27.15. אָרוּר הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה פֶסֶל וּמַסֵּכָה תּוֹעֲבַת יְהוָה מַעֲשֵׂה יְדֵי חָרָשׁ וְשָׂם בַּסָּתֶר וְעָנוּ כָל־הָעָם וְאָמְרוּ אָמֵן׃ 27.15. Cursed be the man that maketh a graven or molten image, an abomination unto the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman, and setteth it up in secret. And all the people shall answer and say: Amen."
2. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 1.11 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.11. וַיָּשִׂימוּ עָלָיו שָׂרֵי מִסִּים לְמַעַן עַנֹּתוֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָם וַיִּבֶן עָרֵי מִסְכְּנוֹת לְפַרְעֹה אֶת־פִּתֹם וְאֶת־רַעַמְסֵס׃ 1.11. Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh store-cities, Pithom and Raamses."
3. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 52.11 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

52.11. סוּרוּ סוּרוּ צְאוּ מִשָּׁם טָמֵא אַל־תִּגָּעוּ צְאוּ מִתּוֹכָהּ הִבָּרוּ נֹשְׂאֵי כְּלֵי יְהוָה׃ 52.11. Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, Touch no unclean thing; Go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, Ye that bear the vessels of the LORD."
4. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 10.2 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

10.2. כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה אֶל־דֶּרֶךְ הַגּוֹיִם אַל־תִּלְמָדוּ וּמֵאֹתוֹת הַשָּׁמַיִם אַל־תֵּחָתּוּ כִּי־יֵחַתּוּ הַגּוֹיִם מֵהֵמָּה׃ 10.2. אָהֳלִי שֻׁדָּד וְכָל־מֵיתָרַי נִתָּקוּ בָּנַי יְצָאֻנִי וְאֵינָם אֵין־נֹטֶה עוֹד אָהֳלִי וּמֵקִים יְרִיעוֹתָי׃ 10.2. thus saith the LORD: Learn not the way of the nations, And be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; For the nations are dismayed at them."
5. Homer, Odyssey, 6.120 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

6. Aeschylus, Persians, 745-751, 820, 744 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

744. παῖς δʼ ἐμὸς τάδʼ οὐ κατειδὼς ἤνυσεν νέῳ θράσει·
7. Bacchylides, Epinicia, 3.38 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8. Euripides, Hercules Furens, 340-347, 339 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

339. O Zeus, in vain, it seems, did I get you to share my bride with me;
9. Euripides, Hippolytus, 1364-1369, 1363 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

10. Herodotus, Histories, 1.26, 1.27, 1.28, 1.29, 1.30, 1.31, 1.32, 1.33, 1.34, 1.35, 1.36, 1.37, 1.38, 1.39, 1.40, 1.41, 1.42, 1.43, 1.44, 1.45, 1.46, 1.47, 1.48, 1.49, 1.50, 1.51, 1.52, 1.53, 1.54, 1.55, 1.56, 1.69, 1.70, 1.71, 1.72, 1.73, 1.74, 1.75, 1.76, 1.77, 1.78, 1.79, 1.80, 1.81, 1.82, 1.83, 1.84, 1.85, 1.86, 1.87, 1.88, 1.89, 1.90, 1.91, 1.131, 1.132, 1.138, 1.181, 1.182, 1.183, 1.190, 1.199, 1.206, 1.207, 1.208, 1.209, 1.209.4, 1.210, 1.211, 1.212, 1.213, 1.214, 2.64, 2.111, 2.161, 2.162, 2.163, 2.169, 3.16, 3.25, 3.27, 3.29, 3.31, 3.32, 3.33, 3.37, 3.38, 3.39, 3.40, 3.41, 3.42, 3.43, 3.64, 3.117, 3.120, 3.121, 3.122, 3.123, 3.124, 3.125, 4.83, 4.84, 4.91, 4.134, 4.135, 4.136, 4.137, 4.138, 4.139, 4.140, 4.141, 4.142, 5.18, 5.19, 5.20, 5.21, 5.36, 5.46, 5.62, 5.63, 5.64, 6.44, 6.86, 6.132, 6.133, 6.134, 6.135, 6.136, 7.4, 7.10.ε, 7.22, 7.22.1, 7.23, 7.24, 7.27, 7.28, 7.29, 7.33, 7.34, 7.36, 7.37, 7.39, 7.42, 7.43, 7.49, 7.52, 7.54, 7.56, 7.113, 7.114, 7.117, 7.120, 7.130, 7.131, 7.178, 7.188, 7.223, 7.238, 8.37, 8.99, 8.109, 8.143, 9.78, 9.79, 9.116 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.131. As to the customs of the Persians, I know them to be these. It is not their custom to make and set up statues and temples and altars, but those who do such things they think foolish, because, I suppose, they have never believed the gods to be like men, as the Greeks do; ,but they call the whole circuit of heaven Zeus, and to him they sacrifice on the highest peaks of the mountains; they sacrifice also to the sun and moon and earth and fire and water and winds. ,From the beginning, these are the only gods to whom they have ever sacrificed; they learned later to sacrifice to the “heavenly” Aphrodite from the Assyrians and Arabians. She is called by the Assyrians Mylitta, by the Arabians Alilat, by the Persians Mitra.
11. Sophocles, Women of Trachis, 1265-1271, 993-995, 1264 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1264. Lift him, attendants!
12. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, None (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

13. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 2.20-2.21, 4.12, 5.17, 5.21, 7.34, 7.42, 9.4, 9.6-9.9, 9.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.20. and further the wars against Antiochus Epiphanes and his son Eupator,' 2.21. and the appearances which came from heaven to those who strove zealously on behalf of Judaism, so that though few in number they seized the whole land and pursued the barbarian hordes,' 4.12. For with alacrity he founded a gymnasium right under the citadel, and he induced the noblest of the young men to wear the Greek hat.' 5.17. Antiochus was elated in spirit, and did not perceive that the Lord was angered for a little while because of the sins of those who dwelt in the city, and that therefore he was disregarding the holy place.' 5.21. So Antiochus carried off eighteen hundred talents from the temple, and hurried away to Antioch, thinking in his arrogance that he could sail on the land and walk on the sea, because his mind was elated.' 7.34. But you, unholy wretch, you most defiled of all men, do not be elated in vain and puffed up by uncertain hopes, when you raise your hand against the children of heaven.' 7.42. Let this be enough, then, about the eating of sacrifices and the extreme tortures.' 9.4. Transported with rage, he conceived the idea of turning upon the Jews the injury done by those who had put him to flight; so he ordered his charioteer to drive without stopping until he completed the journey. But the judgment of heaven rode with him! For in his arrogance he said, 'When I get there I will make Jerusalem a cemetery of Jews.' 9.6. and that very justly, for he had tortured the bowels of others with many and strange inflictions.' 9.7. Yet he did not in any way stop his insolence, but was even more filled with arrogance, breathing fire in his rage against the Jews, and giving orders to hasten the journey. And so it came about that he fell out of his chariot as it was rushing along, and the fall was so hard as to torture every limb of his body.' 9.8. Thus he who had just been thinking that he could command the waves of the sea, in his superhuman arrogance, and imagining that he could weigh the high mountains in a balance, was brought down to earth and carried in a litter, making the power of God manifest to all.' 9.9. And so the ungodly man's body swarmed with worms, and while he was still living in anguish and pain, his flesh rotted away, and because of his stench the whole army felt revulsion at his decay.' 9.11. Then it was that, broken in spirit, he began to lose much of his arrogance and to come to his senses under the scourge of God, for he was tortured with pain every moment.'
14. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 11.2.4 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

11.2.4.  Then, dividing his army, he sent in advance a sufficient number of men both to bridge the Hellespont and to dig a canal through Athos at the neck of the Cherronesus, in this way not only making the passage safe and short for his forces but also hoping by the magnitude of his exploits to strike the Greeks with terror before his arrival. Now the men who had been sent to make ready these works completed them with dispatch, because so many labourers co‑operated in the task.
15. Philo of Alexandria, On Dreams, 2.118-2.119 (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)

2.118. for he changed the nature of the elements of the earth and of the sea, giving land to the sea and sea to the land, by joining the Hellespont with a bridge, and breaking up Mount Athos into deep gulfs, which, being filled with sea, became so many new and artificially-cut seas, being entirely changed from the ancient course of nature. 2.119. And having worked wonders with respect to the earth, according to his wishes, he mounted up upon daring conceptions, like a miserable man as he was, contracting the guilt of impiety, and seeking to soar up to heaven, as if he would move what cannot be moved, and would subjugate the host of heaven, and, as the proverb has it, he began with a sacred thing.
16. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 19.5-19.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

19.5. And other pranks he did like a madman; as when he laid a bridge from the city Dicearchia, which belongs to Campania, to Misenum, another city upon the sea-side 19.5. for Caius was terrible to all the great men, as appearing ready to act a mad part towards each of them in particular, and towards all of: them in general; 19.6. from one promontory to another, of the length of thirty furlongs, as measured over the sea. And this was done because he esteemed it to be a most tedious thing to row over it in a small ship, and thought withal that it became him to make that bridge, since he was lord of the sea, and might oblige it to give marks of obedience as well as the earth; so he enclosed the whole bay within his bridge, and drove his chariot over it; and thought that, as he was a god, it was fit for him to travel over such roads as this was. 19.6. and some affirm that he thereby confirmed Minuclanus in the prosecution of what had been agreed among them; for as Cherea entered into the court, the report runs, that a voice came from among the multitude to encourage him, which bid him finish what he was about, and take the opportunity that Providence afforded;
17. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 2.358, 7.453 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.358. While those Athenians, who, in order to preserve the liberty of Greece, did once set fire to their own city; who pursued Xerxes, that proud prince, when he sailed upon the land, and walked upon the sea, and could not be contained by the seas, but conducted such an army as was too broad for Europe; and made him run away like a fugitive in a single ship, and brake so great a part of Asia as the Lesser Salamis; are yet at this time servants to the Romans; and those injunctions which are sent from Italy become laws to the principal governing city of Greece. 7.453. This his distemper grew still a great deal worse and worse continually, and his very entrails were so corroded, that they fell out of his body, and in that condition he died. Thus he became as great an instance of Divine Providence as ever was, and demonstrated that God punishes wicked men.
18. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 6.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
"historiography,classical" Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
ability to handle good fortune Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
amun,god of egypt Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
anger Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
antiochus iv epiphanes Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 262
aristotelianism Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
arrogance Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
artabanus of persia Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81
artaüctes of persia Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
asylum Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
atasthalia Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81, 143
athena,ilias of troy Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44
athenians,trust in gods and heroes Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81
athos,mt Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127
babylonians Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
biblical nature,see also deuteronomy,allusions Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 263
cambyses Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
cambyses of persia,dreams of Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
cambyses of persia,impieties of Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
canals Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127
carpocratians Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
clement of alexandria,assimilation of heresy to paganism Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
cleomenes of sparta,impieties of Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
comedy Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
croesus Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
cyrus the great Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
darius Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
dead,treatment of Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143, 156
delphi Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
dreams Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
emotion Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
encratites Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
epiphanes Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 262
evaluation,internal Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
fear (fright) Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
fire,as deity Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
gauls Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
glaucus of sparta Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
graeca interpretatio Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
hellespont Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203; Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127
heracles Peels (2016), Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety, 165
heresy,exclusion of Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
herodotus,histories Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
herodotus Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182; Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 262
heroes and heroines,of troy Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44
heroes and heroines Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81, 143
hesiod Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81
historiography Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
homer Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81
hosios (and cognates),humans,of gods evaluating gods in terms of Peels (2016), Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety, 165
hosios (and cognates),in context of parents and children Peels (2016), Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety, 165
illness' Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 262
impiety,of abusing rivers Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 45, 81
impiety,of maltreating dead Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
impiety,of maltreating xenoi Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
impiety,of violating and destroying sanctuaries Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81, 143
impiety,of violating asylum Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
impiety Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 45, 81, 143
juxtaposition,as a means of moralising Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
landscape,landscape,alteration of Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
landscape alteration Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127
laughter Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
law,the,in clement Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
leonidas of sparta Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
libertinism/license Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
love Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
magi Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
magoi Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44, 156
marked language usage Peels (2016), Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety, 165
menelaus Naiden (2013), Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic through Roman Periods, 114
miltiades the younger of athens,impieties of Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
moon,as deity of persia Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
mount athos Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
mount pelion Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
mountains,history Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
mountains Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127
nomoi Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
oaths Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
omens Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
oracles Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
overconfidence Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
paganism,heresy assimilated to Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
patterning Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
pausanias Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
peace (goddess) Naiden (2013), Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic through Roman Periods, 114
peripeteia Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
persia,persians Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
personification of mountains Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
pharaoh Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 263
philo of alexandria Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
phthonos Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81
pity Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
polycrates of samos Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182
prayers,of persians Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
prayers Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 45
pride Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
pythius of lydia Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44
reciprocity Peels (2016), Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety, 165
sacrifices,by persians Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44, 45, 156
sacrifices,human Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
sexual intercourse Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
storms Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
sun,as deity Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
supernatural events Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 263
themistocles of athens Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 45, 81
thermopylai Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
thessaly Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127
thucydides of athens Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81
thunder Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203
tragedy Fortenbaugh (2006), Aristotle's Practical Side: On his Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Rhetoric, 69
trophonius Naiden (2013), Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic through Roman Periods, 114
troy,xerxes at Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44
trygaeus Naiden (2013), Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic through Roman Periods, 114
tyranny Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127
water,as deity Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
winds,as deities Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
xenia Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
xenophon Naiden (2013), Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic through Roman Periods, 114
xerxes Hau (2017), Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus, 182; Konig (2022), The Folds of Olympus: Mountains in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture, 203; Konig and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; König and Wiater (2022), Late Hellenistic Greek Literature in Dialogue, 127; Lidonnici and Lieber (2007), Heavenly Tablets: Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism, 262; Schwartz (2008), 2 Maccabees, 263
xerxes of persia,impieties of Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44, 45, 81, 143, 156
xerxes of persia,omens to Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44
xerxes of persia,phthonos and Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 81
xerxes of persia,respect for religious conventions Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 44, 156
zeus,belus of babylon Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 143
zeus,of persia Mikalson (2003), Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars, 156
zeus Peels (2016), Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety, 165
πορνεία Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326
ἀφορίζειν Boulluec (2022), The Notion of Heresy in Greek Literature in the Second and Third Centuries, 326