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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6374
Hermas, Similitudes, 9.32.3-9.32.4
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

13 results
1. Clement of Rome, 1 Clement, 55.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

55.2. ἐπιστάμεθα πολλοὺς ἐν ἡμῖν παραδεδωκότας ἑαυτοὺς εἰς δεσμά, ὅπως ἑτέρους λυτρώσονται: πολλοὶ ἑαυτοὺς παρέδωκαν εἰς δουλείαν. καὶ λαβόντες τὰς τιμὰς αὐτῶν ἑτέρους ἐψώμισαν.
2. Ignatius, To Polycarp, 4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3. New Testament, James, 1.27 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.27. Pure religion and undefiled before our God and Father is this: to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained by the world.
4. New Testament, Romans, 16.14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

16.14. Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them.
5. New Testament, Luke, 2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Hermas, Mandates, 2.4-2.5, 3.3, 5.2.2, 6.2.5, 8.10 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Hermas, Similitudes, 1.8-1.11, 2.5, 5.3.7, 6.3.6, 8.8.1, 8.9.1, 8.10.3, 9.20, 9.24.2, 9.26.2, 9.27.1-9.27.2, 10.4.2-10.4.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. Hermas, Visions, 1.1-1.3, 1.1.8, 2.4.1-2.4.3, 3.3.5, 3.5.1, 3.6, 3.6.1, 3.6.6, 3.9.2-3.9.5, 3.12.2, 4.1.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 5.23 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

10. Epiphanius, Panarion, 48.12.1 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

11. Council of Laodicea [Between Ca.343-381], Can., 8, 7

12. Papyri, P.Oxy., 15.1828

13. Sozomenus, Ecclesiastical History, 7.18

7.18. A division arose during the same reign among the Novatians concerning the celebration of the festival of Easter, and from this dispute originated another, called the Sabbatian. Sabbatius, who, with Theoctistus and Macarius, had been ordained presbyter by Marcian, adopted the opinion of the co-presbyters, who had been convened at Pazoucoma during the reign of Valens, and maintained that the feast of the Passover (Easter) ought to be celebrated by Christians as by Jews. He seceded from the Church at first for the purpose of exercising greater austerity, for he professed to adopt a very austere mode of life. He also declared that one motive of his secession was, that many persons who participated in the mysteries appeared to him to be unworthy of the honor. When, however, his design of introducing innovations was detected, Marcian expressed his regret at having ordained him, and, it is said, was often heard to exclaim that he would rather have laid his hands upon thorns than upon the head of Sabbatius. Perceiving that the people of his diocese were being rent into two factions, Marcian summoned all the bishops of his own persuasion to Sangarus, a town of Bithynia, near the seashore, not far from the city of Helenopolis. When they had assembled, they summoned Sabbatius, and asked him to state the cause of his grievance; and as he merely complained of the diversity prevailing in regard to the feast, they suspected that he made this a pretext to disguise his love of precedency, and made him declare upon oath that he would never accept the episcopal office. When he had taken the required oath, all were of the same opinion, and they voted to hold the church together, for the difference prevailing in the celebration of the Paschal feast ought by no means to be made an occasion for separation from communion; and they decided that each individual should be at liberty to observe the feast according to his own judgment. They enacted a canon on the subject, which they styled the Indifferent (ἁ διάφορος) Canon. Such were the transactions of the assembly at Sangarus. From that period Sabbatius adhered to the usage of the Jews; and unless all happened to observe the feast at the same time, he fasted, according to the custom, but in advance, and celebrated the Passover with the usual prescriptions by himself. He passed the Saturday, from the evening to the appointed time, in watching and in offering up the prescribed prayers; and on the following day he assembled with the multitude, and partook of the mysteries. This mode of observing the feast was at first unnoticed by the people but as, in process of time, it began to attract observation, and to become more generally known, he found a great many imitators, particularly in Phrygia and Galatia, to whom this celebration of the feast became a national custom. Eventually he openly seceded from communion, and became the bishop of those who had espoused his sentiments, as we shall have occasion to show in the proper place. I am, for my own part, astonished that Sabbatius and his followers attempted to introduce this innovation. The ancient Hebrews, as is related by Eusebius, on the testimony of Philo, Josephus, Aristobulus, and several others, offered the sacrifices after the vernal equinox, when the sun is in the first sign of the zodiac, called by the Greeks the Ram, and when the moon is in the opposite quarter of the heavens, and in the fourteenth day of her age. Even the Novatians themselves, who have studied the subject with some accuracy, declare that the founder of their heresy and his first disciples did not follow this custom, which was introduced for the first time by those who assembled at Pazoucoma; and that at old Rome the members of this sect still observe the same practice as the Romans, who have not deviated from their original usage in this particular, the custom having been handed down to them by the holy apostles Peter and Paul. Further, the Samaritans, who are scrupulous observers of the laws of Moses, never celebrate this festival till the first-fruits have reached maturity; they say it is, in the law, called the Feast of First-Fruits, and before these appear, it is not lawful to observe the feast; and, therefore, necessarily the vernal equinox must precede. Hence arises my astonishment that those who profess to adopt the Jewish custom in the celebration of this feast, do not conform to the ancient practice of the Jews. With the exception of the people above mentioned, and the Quartodecimani of Asia, all heresies, I believe, celebrate the Passover in the same manner as the Romans and the Egyptians. The Quartodecimani are so called because they observe this festival, like the Jews, on the fourteenth day of the moon, and hence their name. The Novatians observe the day of the resurrection. They follow the custom of the Jews and the Quartodecimani, except when the fourteenth day of the moon falls upon the first day of the week, in which case they celebrate the feast so many days after the Jews, as there are intervening days between the fourteenth day of the moon and the following Lord's day. The Montanists, who are called Pepuzites and Phrygians, celebrate the Passover according to a strange fashion which they introduced. They blame those who regulate the time of observing the feast according to the course of the moon, and affirm that it is right to attend exclusively to the cycles of the sun. They reckon each month to consist of thirty days, and account the day after the vernal equinox as the first day of the year, which, according to the Roman method of computation, would be called the ninth day before the calends of April. It was on this day, they say, that the two great luminaries appointed for the indication of times and of years were created. This they prove by the fact that every eight years the sun and the moon meet together in the same point of the heavens. The moon's cycle of eight years is accomplished in ninety-nine months, and in two thousand nine hundred and twenty-two days; and during that time there are eight revolutions made by the sun, each comprising three hundred and sixty-five days, and the fourth part of a day. For they compute the day of the creation of the sun, mentioned in Sacred Writ, to have been the fourteenth day of the moon, occurring after the ninth day before the calends of the month of April, and answering to the eighth day prior to ides of the same month. They always celebrate the Passover on this day, when it falls on the day of the resurrection; otherwise they celebrate it on the following Lord's day; for it is written according to their assertion that the feast may be held on any day between the fourteenth and twenty-first.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
africa proconsularis (north africa) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50
aged, the Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90
alexandria Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294
angels Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
anti-phrygian (anti-montanist) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50
apostolic fathers, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 510
arcadian Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
asia (roman province) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50
athanasius of alexandria Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294
author of the dialogue between a montanist and an orthodox Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294
baptism Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
book Harkins and Maier, Experiencing the Shepherd of Hermas (2022) 230
bucolic motifs Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
business, commerce Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
care of the poor Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93
chariton Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
church councils/gatherings(anti-montanist), at laodicea ad lycum Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
codex sinaiticus Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 5
community Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91, 93
conflict Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93
deacon Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
dwellings Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
ecstasy/ecstatic prophecy Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294
edict of trajan Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13
editor of the vita polycarpi Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50, 294, 367
educated, erudite Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
eucharist/s Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
fasting Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 93
fiction (literature) Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
fractionation Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 93
fraud, deceit Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91, 93
freedpersons (and their descendants), manumission Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 227
gentile christians Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
gnosticism Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
greed Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
heresy/heretics Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294, 367
hermas Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215; Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93, 227
hermas apocalypticus Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13
hermas pastoralis Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13
hermas secundarius Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13
house, possession of Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
humiliores Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93
inheritance Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90
integration Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 93
jews, jewish Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90
loans Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
luke Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 93
manuscript fragment Harkins and Maier, Experiencing the Shepherd of Hermas (2022) 230
muratorian fragment Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13
nero Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
new jerusalem, nicaea ( znik), first council of Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50
novelty (charge of ) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
oral performance Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
origen Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 15
orphans Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 93
papyri Harkins and Maier, Experiencing the Shepherd of Hermas (2022) 230
paul (apostle) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294, 367
pepouzans/pepouzia Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
phrygia Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50
pius Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
pius i, pope Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13, 15
polycarp of smyrna ix Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
possessions, wealth Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93
prayer Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
priscillians (montanist) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
prophecy Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 93
provincials, immigrants Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
pseudo-pionius Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50
quartodecimanism/quartodecimans Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
quintillia Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
reading Harkins and Maier, Experiencing the Shepherd of Hermas (2022) 230
real estate, private Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
rome, christians in Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
rome, hermas in Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
rome (roma) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50
rufinus of aquileia Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294
shepherd, historical aspects, authors, multiple Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13, 15
shepherd, historical aspects, dating of Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 5, 15
shepherd, manuscripts, codex sinaiticus Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 5
shepherd, manuscripts, muratorian fragment Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 13
shepherd, manuscripts Soyars, The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy (2019) 5
shepherd of hermas, the, authorship of Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
shepherd of hermas, the, place of writing Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
shepherd of hermas, theology Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 510
shepherd of hermas Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 510
sickness Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90
slaves, slavery Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91, 227
smyrna, montanism at Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50, 294
smyrna Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294
socially elevated Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93
solar calendar (montanist)' Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 294
solar calendar (montanist) Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 50, 367
sozome Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism (2007) 367
stratification, social Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93
suicide Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90
syria–palestine Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
teacher, διδάσκαλος Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 215
theater Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 227
vision Harkins and Maier, Experiencing the Shepherd of Hermas (2022) 230
widows Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 93
women Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 91
worldliness Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 90, 91, 93