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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6304
Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 104.26


שָׁם אֳנִיּוֹת יְהַלֵּכוּן לִוְיָתָן זֶה־יָצַרְתָּ לְשַׂחֶק־בּוֹ׃There go the ships; There is leviathan, whom Thou hast formed to sport therein.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

20 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 7.9-7.12, 15.6-15.8, 15.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

7.9. כִּי יְדַבֵּר אֲלֵכֶם פַּרְעֹה לֵאמֹר תְּנוּ לָכֶם מוֹפֵת וְאָמַרְתָּ אֶל־אַהֲרֹן קַח אֶת־מַטְּךָ וְהַשְׁלֵךְ לִפְנֵי־פַרְעֹה יְהִי לְתַנִּין׃ 7.11. וַיִּקְרָא גַּם־פַּרְעֹה לַחֲכָמִים וְלַמְכַשְּׁפִים וַיַּעֲשׂוּ גַם־הֵם חַרְטֻמֵּי מִצְרַיִם בְּלַהֲטֵיהֶם כֵּן׃ 7.12. וַיַּשְׁלִיכוּ אִישׁ מַטֵּהוּ וַיִּהְיוּ לְתַנִּינִם וַיִּבְלַע מַטֵּה־אַהֲרֹן אֶת־מַטֹּתָם׃ 15.6. יְמִינְךָ יְהוָה נֶאְדָּרִי בַּכֹּחַ יְמִינְךָ יְהוָה תִּרְעַץ אוֹיֵב׃ 15.7. וּבְרֹב גְּאוֹנְךָ תַּהֲרֹס קָמֶיךָ תְּשַׁלַּח חֲרֹנְךָ יֹאכְלֵמוֹ כַּקַּשׁ׃ 15.8. וּבְרוּחַ אַפֶּיךָ נֶעֶרְמוּ מַיִם נִצְּבוּ כְמוֹ־נֵד נֹזְלִים קָפְאוּ תְהֹמֹת בְּלֶב־יָם׃ 15.17. תְּבִאֵמוֹ וְתִטָּעֵמוֹ בְּהַר נַחֲלָתְךָ מָכוֹן לְשִׁבְתְּךָ פָּעַלְתָּ יְהוָה מִקְּדָשׁ אֲדֹנָי כּוֹנְנוּ יָדֶיךָ׃ 7.9. ’When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying: Show a wonder for you; then thou shalt say unto Aaron: Take thy rod, and cast it down before Pharaoh, that it become a serpent.’" 7.10. And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so, as the LORD had commanded; and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent." 7.11. Then Pharaoh also called for the wise men and the sorcerers; and they also, the magicians of Egypt, did in like manner with their secret arts." 7.12. For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents; but Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods." 15.6. Thy right hand, O LORD, glorious in power, Thy right hand, O LORD, dasheth in pieces the enemy." 15.7. And in the greatness of Thine excellency Thou overthrowest them that rise up against Thee; Thou sendest forth Thy wrath, it consumeth them as stubble." 15.8. And with the blast of Thy nostrils the waters were piled up— The floods stood upright as a heap; The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea." 15.17. Thou bringest them in, and plantest them in the mountain of Thine inheritance, The place, O LORD, which Thou hast made for Thee to dwell in, The sanctuary, O Lord, which Thy hands have established."
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1, 1.1, 1.1-2.4, 1.7, 1.14, 1.15, 1.16, 1.17, 1.18, 1.19, 1.20, 1.21, 1.22, 1.23, 1.24, 1.25, 1.26, 1.27, 1.28, 1.29, 1.30, 1.31, 2.19, 3.8, 3.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3. Hebrew Bible, Job, 3.8, 7.12, 26.12, 40.16, 40.19, 40.25, 40.29, 40.31, 41.3-41.5, 41.7-41.8, 41.11-41.13, 41.22 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.8. יִקְּבֻהוּ אֹרְרֵי־יוֹם הָעֲתִידִים עֹרֵר לִוְיָתָן׃ 7.12. הֲ‍יָם־אָנִי אִם־תַּנִּין כִּי־תָשִׂים עָלַי מִשְׁמָר׃ 26.12. בְּכֹחוֹ רָגַע הַיָּם ובתובנתו [וּבִתְבוּנָתוֹ] מָחַץ רָהַב׃ 40.16. הִנֵּה־נָא כֹחוֹ בְמָתְנָיו וְאֹנוֹ בִּשְׁרִירֵי בִטְנוֹ׃ 40.19. הוּא רֵאשִׁית דַּרְכֵי־אֵל הָעֹשׂוֹ יַגֵּשׁ חַרְבּוֹ׃ 40.25. תִּמְשֹׁךְ לִוְיָתָן בְּחַכָּה וּבְחֶבֶל תַּשְׁקִיעַ לְשֹׁנוֹ׃ 40.29. הַתְשַׂחֶק־בּוֹ כַּצִּפּוֹר וְתִקְשְׁרֶנּוּ לְנַעֲרוֹתֶיךָ׃ 40.31. הַתְמַלֵּא בְשֻׂכּוֹת עוֹרוֹ וּבְצִלְצַל דָּגִים רֹאשׁוֹ׃ 41.3. מִי הִקְדִּימַנִי וַאֲשַׁלֵּם תַּחַת כָּל־הַשָּׁמַיִם לִי־הוּא׃ 41.4. לא־[לוֹ־] אַחֲרִישׁ בַּדָּיו וּדְבַר־גְּבוּרוֹת וְחִין עֶרְכּוֹ׃ 41.5. מִי־גִלָּה פְּנֵי לְבוּשׁוֹ בְּכֶפֶל רִסְנוֹ מִי יָבוֹא׃ 41.7. גַּאֲוָה אֲפִיקֵי מָגִנִּים סָגוּר חוֹתָם צָר׃ 41.8. אֶחָד בְּאֶחָד יִגַּשׁוּ וְרוּחַ לֹא־יָבוֹא בֵינֵיהֶם׃ 41.11. מִפִּיו לַפִּידִים יַהֲלֹכוּ כִּידוֹדֵי אֵשׁ יִתְמַלָּטוּ׃ 41.12. מִנְּחִירָיו יֵצֵא עָשָׁן כְּדוּד נָפוּחַ וְאַגְמֹן׃ 41.13. נַפְשׁוֹ גֶּחָלִים תְּלַהֵט וְלַהַב מִפִּיו יֵצֵא׃ 3.8. Let them curse it that curse the day, Who are ready to rouse up leviathan." 7.12. Am I a sea, or a sea-monster, That Thou settest a watch over me?" 26.12. He stirreth up the sea with His power, And by His understanding He smiteth through Rahab." 40.16. Lo now, his strength is in his loins, And his force is in the stays of his body." 40.19. He is the beginning of the ways of God; He only that made him can make His sword to approach unto him." 40.25. Canst thou draw out leviathan with a fish-hook? Or press down his tongue with a cord?" 40.29. Wilt thou play with him as with a bird? Or wilt thou bind him for thy maidens? ." 40.31. Canst thou fill his skin with barbed irons? Or his head with fish-spears?" 41.3. Who hath given Me anything beforehand, that I should repay him? Whatsoever is under the whole heaven is Mine." 41.4. Would I keep silence concerning his boastings, or his proud talk, or his fair array of words?" 41.5. Who can uncover the face of his garment? Who shall come within his double bridle?" 41.7. His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal." 41.8. One is so near to another, that no air can come between them." 41.11. Out of his mouth go burning torches, and sparks of fire leap forth." 41.12. Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of a seething pot and burning rushes." 41.13. His breath kindleth coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth."
4. Hebrew Bible, Jonah, 1.4, 1.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.4. וַיהוָה הֵטִיל רוּחַ־גְּדוֹלָה אֶל־הַיָּם וַיְהִי סַעַר־גָּדוֹל בַּיָּם וְהָאֳנִיָּה חִשְּׁבָה לְהִשָּׁבֵר׃ 1.4. But the LORD hurled a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken." 1.10. Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him: ‘What is this that thou hast done?’ For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them."
5. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 11.29 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

11.29. וְזֶה לָכֶם הַטָּמֵא בַּשֶּׁרֶץ הַשֹּׁרֵץ עַל־הָאָרֶץ הַחֹלֶד וְהָעַכְבָּר וְהַצָּב לְמִינֵהוּ׃ 11.29. And these are they which are unclean unto you among the swarming things that swarm upon the earth: the weasel, and the mouse, and the great lizard after its kinds,"
6. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 8.22 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

8.22. יְהוָה קָנָנִי רֵאשִׁית דַּרְכּוֹ קֶדֶם מִפְעָלָיו מֵאָז׃ 8.22. The LORD made me as the beginning of His way, The first of His works of old."
7. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 50.10, 73.13-73.14, 74.13-74.14, 103.26, 104.14, 104.17-104.18, 104.20-104.21, 104.24-104.25 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

73.13. אַךְ־רִיק זִכִּיתִי לְבָבִי וָאֶרְחַץ בְּנִקָּיוֹן כַּפָּי׃ 73.14. וָאֱהִי נָגוּעַ כָּל־הַיּוֹם וְתוֹכַחְתִּי לַבְּקָרִים׃ 74.13. אַתָּה פוֹרַרְתָּ בְעָזְּךָ יָם שִׁבַּרְתָּ רָאשֵׁי תַנִּינִים עַל־הַמָּיִם׃ 74.14. אַתָּה רִצַּצְתָּ רָאשֵׁי לִוְיָתָן תִּתְּנֶנּוּ מַאֲכָל לְעָם לְצִיִּים׃ 104.14. מַצְמִיחַ חָצִיר לַבְּהֵמָה וְעֵשֶׂב לַעֲבֹדַת הָאָדָם לְהוֹצִיא לֶחֶם מִן־הָאָרֶץ׃ 104.17. אֲשֶׁר־שָׁם צִפֳּרִים יְקַנֵּנוּ חֲסִידָה בְּרוֹשִׁים בֵּיתָהּ׃ 104.18. הָרִים הַגְּבֹהִים לַיְּעֵלִים סְלָעִים מַחְסֶה לַשְׁפַנִּים׃ 104.21. הַכְּפִירִים שֹׁאֲגִים לַטָּרֶף וּלְבַקֵּשׁ מֵאֵל אָכְלָם׃ 104.24. מָה־רַבּוּ מַעֲשֶׂיךָ יְהוָה כֻּלָּם בְּחָכְמָה עָשִׂיתָ מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ קִנְיָנֶךָ׃ 104.25. זֶה הַיָּם גָּדוֹל וּרְחַב יָדָיִם שָׁם־רֶמֶשׂ וְאֵין מִסְפָּר חַיּוֹת קְטַנּוֹת עִם־גְּדֹלוֹת׃ 50.10. For every beast of the forest is Mine, and the cattle upon a thousand hills." 73.13. Surely in vain have I cleansed my heart, And washed my hands in innocency;" 73.14. For all the day have I been plagued, And my chastisement came every morning." 74.13. Thou didst break the sea in pieces by Thy strength; Thou didst shatter the heads of the sea-monsters in the waters." 74.14. Thou didst crush the heads of leviathan, Thou gavest him to be food to the folk inhabiting the wilderness." 104.14. Who causeth the grass to spring up for the cattle, And herb for the service of man; To bring forth bread out of the earth," 104.17. Wherein the birds make their nests; As for the stork, the fir-trees are her house." 104.18. The high mountains are for the wild goats; The rocks are a refuge for the conies." 104.20. Thou makest darkness, and it is night, Wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth." 104.21. The young lions roar after their prey, And seek their food from God." 104.24. How manifold are Thy works, O LORD! In wisdom hast Thou made them all; The earth is full of Thy creatures." 104.25. Yonder sea, great and wide, Therein are creeping things innumerable, Living creatures, both small and great."
8. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 11.9, 27.1 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

11.9. לֹא־יָרֵעוּ וְלֹא־יַשְׁחִיתוּ בְּכָל־הַר קָדְשִׁי כִּי־מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ דֵּעָה אֶת־יְהוָה כַּמַּיִם לַיָּם מְכַסִּים׃ 27.1. כִּי עִיר בְּצוּרָה בָּדָד נָוֶה מְשֻׁלָּח וְנֶעֱזָב כַּמִּדְבָּר שָׁם יִרְעֶה עֵגֶל וְשָׁם יִרְבָּץ וְכִלָּה סְעִפֶיהָ׃ 27.1. בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יִפְקֹד יְהוָה בְּחַרְבוֹ הַקָּשָׁה וְהַגְּדוֹלָה וְהַחֲזָקָה עַל לִוְיָתָן נָחָשׁ בָּרִחַ וְעַל לִוְיָתָן נָחָשׁ עֲקַלָּתוֹן וְהָרַג אֶת־הַתַּנִּין אֲשֶׁר בַּיָּם׃ 11.9. They shall not hurt nor destroy In all My holy mountain; For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, As the waters cover the sea." 27.1. In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword will punish leviathan the slant serpent, and leviathan the tortuous serpent; and He will slay the dragon that is in the sea."
9. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 29.3 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

29.3. דַּבֵּר וְאָמַרְתָּ כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנְנִי עָלֶיךָ פַּרְעֹה מֶלֶךְ־מִצְרַיִם הַתַּנִּים הַגָּדוֹל הָרֹבֵץ בְּתוֹךְ יְאֹרָיו אֲשֶׁר אָמַר לִי יְאֹרִי וַאֲנִי עֲשִׂיתִנִי׃ 29.3. speak, and say: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh King of Egypt, The great dragon that lieth In the midst of his rivers, That hath said: My river is mine own, And I have made it for myself."
10. Anon., 1 Enoch, 60.7-60.10 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

60.7. And on that day were two monsters parted, a female monster named Leviathan, to dwell in the 60.8. abysses of the ocean over the fountains of the waters. But the male is named Behemoth, who occupied with his breast a waste wilderness named Duidain, on the east of the garden where the elect and righteous dwell, where my grandfather was taken up, the seventh from Adam, the first 60.9. man whom the Lord of Spirits created. And I besought the other angel that he should show me the might of those monsters, how they were parted on one day and cast, the one into the abysse
11. Anon., Jubilees, 2.9, 2.11-2.13, 2.21 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.9. And this was the only work (God) created on the second day. 2.11. And the waters did so as He commanded them, and they retired from off the face of the earth into one place outside of this firmament, and the dry land appeared. 2.12. And on that day He created for them all the seas according to their separate gathering-places, and all the rivers, and the gatherings of the waters in the mountains and on all the earth 2.13. and all the lakes, and all the dew of the earth, and the seed which is sown, and all sprouting things, and fruit-bearing trees, and trees of the wood, and the garden of Eden, in Eden, and all (plants after their kind). 2.21. And the sun rose above them to prosper (them), and above everything that was on the earth, everything that shoots out of the earth, and all fruit-bearing trees, and all flesh.
12. Dead Sea Scrolls, Hodayot, 11.22-11.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

13. Dead Sea Scrolls, Hodayot, 11.22-11.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

14. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 17.9-17.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

15. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 28.2, 29.3 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

16. Mishnah, Yoma, 5.2 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

5.2. After the Ark had been taken away, there was a stone from the days of the earlier prophets, called “shtiyah”, three fingers above the ground, on which he would place [the pan of burning coals]."
17. New Testament, Apocalypse, 12.3-12.4, 12.7, 12.9, 12.13, 12.16-12.18, 13.2, 13.4, 13.11, 16.13, 17.3, 20.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.3. Another sign was seen in heaven. Behold, a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven crowns. 12.4. His tail drew one third of the stars of the sky, and threw them to the earth. The dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child. 12.7. There was war in the sky. Michael and his angels made war on the dragon. The dragon and his angels made war. 12.9. The great dragon was thrown down, the old serpent, he who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world. He was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 12.13. When the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child. 12.16. The earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the river which the dragon spewed out of his mouth. 12.17. The dragon grew angry with the woman, and went away to make war with the rest of her seed, who keep God's commandments and hold Jesus' testimony. 13.2. The beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. 13.4. They worshiped the dragon, because he gave his authority to the beast, and they worshiped the beast, saying, "Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him? 13.11. I saw another beast coming up out of the earth. He had two horns like a lamb, and he spoke like a dragon. 16.13. I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, something like frogs; 17.3. He carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness. I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet-colored animal, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. 20.2. He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years
18. Anon., Leviticus Rabba, 22.10 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

19. Babylonian Talmud, Bava Batra, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

74b. בר אמוראי לאתויה ורגש ובעי לשמטיה לאטמיה ושדא זיקא דחלא ונחת נפק בת קלא אמר לן מאי אית לכו בהדי קרטליתא דדביתהו דר"ח בן דוסא דעתידה דשדיא תכלתא בה לצדיקי לעלמא דאתי,רב יהודה הינדוא משתעי זימנא חדא הוה אזלינן בספינתא וחזינן ההוא אבן טבא דהוה הדיר לה תנינא נחית בר אמוראי לאתויה אתא תנינא קא בעי למבלע לה לספינתא אתא פישקנצא פסקיה לרישיה אתהפיכו מיא והוו דמא אתא תנינא חבריה שקליה ותליה ליה וחיה הדר אתא קא בעי בלעא לספינתא הדר אתא ציפרא פסקיה לרישיה שקלוה לההיא אבן טבא שדיוה לספינתא הוה הני ציפרי מליחי בהדן אותבינהו עלייהו שקלוה ופרחו להו בהדה,תנו רבנן מעשה ברבי אליעזר ורבי יהושע שהיו באין בספינה והיה ר"א ישן ור' יהושע נעור נזדעזע ר' יהושע וננער ר"א אמר לו מה זה יהושע מפני מה נזדעזעת אמר לו מאור גדול ראיתי בים אמר לו שמא עיניו של לויתן ראית דכתיב (איוב מא, י) עיניו כעפעפי שחר,אמר רב אשי אמר לי הונא בר נתן זימנא חדא הוה קא אזלינן במדברא והואי אטמא דבשרא בהדן פתחנא ונקרינא ואנחנא אעשבי אדמייתינן ציבי חלם אטמא וטוינן כי הדרן לבתר תריסר ירחי שתא חזינהו להנהו גומרי דהוו קא מלחשי כי אתאי לקמיה דאמימר אמר לי ההוא עישבא סמתרי הוה הנהו גומרי דריתמא הוו,(בראשית א, כא) ויברא אלהים את התנינים הגדולים הכא תרגימו ארזילי דימא ר' יוחנן אמר זה לויתן נחש בריח ולויתן נחש עקלתון שנאמר (ישעיהו כז, א) ביום ההוא יפקוד ה' בחרבו הקשה וגו':,(סימן כל שעה ירדן): אמר רב יהודה אמר רב כל מה שברא הקב"ה בעולמו זכר ונקבה בראם אף לויתן נחש בריח ולויתן נחש עקלתון זכר ונקבה בראם ואלמלי נזקקין זה לזה מחריבין כל העולם כולו מה עשה הקב"ה סירס את הזכר והרג הנקבה ומלחה לצדיקים לעתיד לבא שנאמר (ישעיהו כז, א) והרג את התנין אשר בים,ואף בהמות בהררי אלף זכר ונקבה בראם ואלמלי נזקקין זה לזה מחריבין כל העולם כולו מה עשה הקב"ה סירס הזכר וצינן הנקבה ושמרה לצדיקים לעתיד לבא שנאמר (איוב מ, טז) הנה נא כחו במתניו זה זכר ואונו בשרירי בטנו זו נקבה,התם נמי ליסרסיה לזכר וליצננה לנקבה דגים פריצי וליעביד איפכא איבעית אימא נקבה מליחא מעלי איבעית אימא כיון דכתיב (תהלים קד, כו) לויתן זה יצרת לשחק בו בהדי נקבה לאו אורח ארעא הכא נמי לימלחה לנקבה כוורא מליחא מעלי בשרא מליחא לא מעלי,ואמר רב יהודה אמר רב בשעה שביקש הקב"ה לבראות את העולם אמר לו לשר של ים פתח פיך ובלע כל מימות שבעולם אמר לפניו רבש"ע די שאעמוד בשלי מיד בעט בו והרגו שנאמר (איוב כו, יב) בכחו רגע הים ובתבונתו מחץ רהב,אמר ר' יצחק ש"מ שרו של ים רהב שמו ואלמלא מים מכסין אותו אין כל בריה יכולה לעמוד בריחו שנאמר (ישעיהו יא, ט) לא ירעו ולא ישחיתו בכל הר קדשי וגו' כמים לים מכסים אל תקרי לים מכסים אלא לשרה של ים מכסים,ואמר רב יהודה אמר רב ירדן יוצא ממערת פמייס תניא נמי הכי ירדן יוצא ממערת פמייס ומהלך בימה של סיבכי ובימה של טבריא ומתגלגל ויורד לים הגדול ומתגלגל ויורד עד שמגיע לפיו של לויתן שנאמר (איוב מ, כג) יבטח כי יגיח ירדן אל פיהו מתקיף לה רבא בר עולא האי בבהמות בהררי אלף כתיב אלא אמר רבא בר עולא אימתי בהמות בהררי אלף בטוחות בזמן שמגיח ירדן בפיו של לויתן,(סימן ימים גבריאל רעב) כי אתא רב דימי א"ר יוחנן מאי דכתיב (תהלים כד, ב) כי הוא על ימים יסדה ועל נהרות יכוננה אלו שבעה ימים וארבעה נהרות שמקיפין את ארץ ישראל ואלו הן שבעה ימים ימה של טבריא וימה של סדום וימה של חילת וימה של חילתא וימה של סיבכי וים אספמיא וים הגדול ואלו הן ארבעה נהרות ירדן וירמוך וקירומיון ופיגה,כי אתא רב דימי א"ר יונתן עתיד גבריאל לעשות 74b. i.e., ba diver [ ibar amoraei /i]went into the water bto bringup this chest, bandthe fish bbecame angry and sought to sever his thigh, butthe diver bthrewupon it ba flask of vinegar and they descendedand swam away. bA Divine Voice emergedand bsaid to us: Whatright bdo you have totouch bthe crate of the wife of Rabbi Ḥanina ben Dosa, as she is destined to insert sky-bluewool bin it tobe used in the ritual fringes of bthe righteous in the World-to-Come? /b, bRav Yehuda from India relates: Once we were traveling in a ship and we saw a certain precious stone that was encircled by a snake. A diver descended to bring itup, and the bsnake came and sought to swallow the ship. A raven cameand bcut off its head,and bthe water turned into blooddue to the enormousness of the snake. bAnother snake came, tookthe precious stone, band hung iton the dead snake, band it recovered. It returnedand again bsought to swallow the ship,and yet again ba bird came and cut off its head, took that precious stone,and bthrew it onto the ship. We had with us these salted birds; we placedthe stone bon them,and bthey tookthe stone band flew away with it. /b,§ Apropos the stories of large sea creatures, the Gemara discusses the large sea creatures mentioned in the Bible. bThe Sages taught:There was ban incident involving Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Yehoshua, who were traveling on a ship, and Rabbi Eliezer was sleeping and Rabbi Yehoshua was awake. Rabbi Yehoshua trembled, and Rabbi Eliezer awoke.Rabbi Eliezer bsaid to him: What is this, Yehoshua; for whatreason bdid you tremble?Rabbi Yehoshua bsaid to him: I saw a great light in the sea.Rabbi Eliezer bsaid to him: Perhaps you saw the eyes of the leviathan, as it is written: “And his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning”(Job 41:10)., bRav Ashi said: Huna bar Natan said to me: Once we were traveling in the desert, and we had a thigh of meat with us. We cut openthe thigh band toreoff the sciatic nerve and the forbidden fat band put it on the grass. Bythe time bthat we brought wood, the thigh had repaireditself, band we roasted it. When we returnedto that place bafter twelve monthsof bthe yearhad passed, bwe saw that those coals were still glowing. When I came before Ameimar, he said to me: That grass was a drug of life [ isamterei /i],while bthose coals were of broom. /b,The verse states: b“And God created the great sea monsters”(Genesis 1:21). bHere,in Babylonia, bthey interpretedthis as a reference to the bsea oryx. Rabbi Yoḥa says: This is leviathan the slant serpent, and leviathan the tortuous serpent, as it is stated: “In that day the Lord with His soreand great and strong bswordwill punish leviathan the slant serpent, and leviathan the tortuous serpent” (Isaiah 27:1).,§ The Gemara provides ba mnemonicfor the following statements of Rav Yehuda citing Rav: bEverything; time; Jordan. Rav Yehuda saysthat bRav says: Everything that the Holy One, Blessed be He, created in His world, He created male and female. Even leviathan the slant serpent and leviathan the tortuous serpent He created male and female. And if they would have coupledand produced offspring, they would have bdestroyed the entire world. What did the Holy One, Blessed be He, do? He castrated the male and killed the female, and saltedthe female to preserve it for the banquet bfor the righteous in the future. As it is stated: “And He will slay the serpent that is in the sea”(Isaiah 27:1)., bAnd He created even the beasts on the thousand hills(see Psalms 50:10) bmale and female. Andthey were so enormous that bif they would have coupledand produced offspring, bthey would have destroyed the entire world. What did the Holy One, Blessed be He, do? He castrated the male and cooledthe sexual desire of bthe female and preserved it for the righteous in the future. As it is statedabout the beasts: b“Lo now, his strength is in his loins”(Job 40:16); bthisis referring to the bmale.The continuation of the verse: b“And his force is in the stays of his body”; thisis the bfemale,alluding to the idea that they did not use their genitals for the purpose of procreation.,The Gemara asks: bThere too,with regard to the leviathan, blet Him castrate the male and cool the female;why was it necessary to kill the female? The Gemara answers: bFish are unrestrained,and therefore even if the female was cooled, the female would still procreate. The Gemara suggests: bAnd let Him do the opposite,and kill and preserve the male leviathan. The Gemara responds: bIf you wish, saythat the bsalted female is better; if you wish, sayinstead bthatsince bit is written: “There is leviathan, whom You have formed to sport with”(Psalms 104:26), the male must be left alive for sport, because it is bnot proper conductto sport bwith a female.The Gemara asks: bHere too,with regard to the beasts, blet Himpreserve the bfemale in salt,instead of cooling it. The Gemara answers: bSalted fish is good,but bsalted meat is not good. /b, bAnd Rav Yehuda saysthat bRav says: At the time when the Holy One, Blessed be He, sought to create the world, He said to the minister of the sea: Open your mouth and swallow all the waters of the world,so that there will be room for land. The minister of the sea bsaid before Him: Master of the Universe,it is benough that I will stay within my ownwaters. God bimmediately struck him and killed him; as it is stated: “He stirs up the sea with His power, and by His understanding He smites through Rahab”(Job 26:12)., bRabbi Yitzḥak said: Conclude from herethat bthe name of the minister of the sea is Rahab, and were it not for watersof the sea that bcover him, no creature could withstand his smell,as his corpse emits a terrible stench. bAs it is stated: “They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain;for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, bas the waters cover the sea”(Isaiah 11:9). bDo not readthis phrase as b“cover the sea”; ratherread it as: bCover the minister of the sea,i.e., the term sea is referring to the minister of the sea, not to the sea itself., bAnd Rav Yehuda saysthat bRav says: The Jordan issues forth from the cave of Pamyas. That is also taughtin a ibaraita /i: bThe Jordan issues forth from the cave of Pamyas, and travels in the Sea of Sivkhi,i.e., the Hula Lake, band in the Sea of Tiberias,the Sea of Galilee, band rolls down to the Great Sea, and rolls down until it reaches the mouth of the leviathan. As it is stated: “He is confident, though the Jordan rush forth to his mouth”(Job 40:23). bRava bar Ulla strongly objects to thisexplanation of the verse, stating: But bthisverse bis written about the beasts on the thousand hills. Rather, Rava bar Ulla saidthat this is the meaning of the verse: bWhen are the beasts on the thousand hills confident? When the Jordan rushes forth into the mouth of the leviathan. /b,§ The Gemara provides ba mnemonicfor the upcoming statements of Rav Dimi: bSeas; Gabriel; hungry. When Rav Dimi camefrom Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia, he said that bRabbi Yoḥa said: Whatis the meaning of that bwhich is written: “For He has founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods”(Psalms 24:2)? bThese arethe bseven seas and four rivers that surround Eretz Yisrael. And these arethe bseven seas: The Sea of Tiberias, the Sea of Sodom,i.e., the Dead Sea, bthe Sea of Ḥeilat, the Sea of Ḥeilata, the Sea of Sivkhi, the Sea of Aspamya, and the Great Sea,i.e., the Mediterranean. bAnd these are the four rivers: The Jordan, the Jarmuth, and the Keiromyon, and the Piga,which are the rivers of Damascus., bWhen Rav Dimi camefrom Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia he said that bRabbi Yonatan says: In the future, Gabriel will perform /b
20. Babylonian Talmud, Yoma, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

54b. כאיש המעורה בלוייה שלו אמר ריש לקיש בשעה שנכנסו נכרים להיכל ראו כרובים המעורין זה בזה הוציאון לשוק ואמרו ישראל הללו שברכתן ברכה וקללתן קללה יעסקו בדברים הללו מיד הזילום שנאמר (איכה א, ח) כל מכבדיה הזילוה כי ראו ערותה,ושתיה היתה נקראת תנא שממנה הושתת העולם תנן כמאן דאמר מציון נברא העולם דתניא רבי אליעזר אומר עולם מאמצעיתו נברא שנאמר (איוב לח, לח) בצקת עפר למוצק ורגבים ידובקו,רבי יהושע אומר עולם מן הצדדין נברא שנאמר (איוב לז, ו) כי לשלג יאמר הוי ארץ וגשם מטר וגשם מטרות עוזו רבי יצחק (נפחא) אמר אבן ירה הקב"ה בים ממנו נשתת העולם שנאמר (איוב לח, ו) על מה אדניה הטבעו או מי ירה אבן פנתה,וחכמים אומרים מציון נברא שנאמר (תהלים נ, א) מזמור לאסף אל אלהים ה' ואומר מציון מכלל יופי ממנו מוכלל יפיו של עולם,תניא ר' אליעזר הגדול אומר (בראשית ב, ד) אלה תולדות השמים והארץ בהבראם ביום עשות ה' אלהים ארץ ושמים תולדות שמים משמים נבראו תולדות הארץ מארץ נבראו,וחכמים אומרים אלו ואלו מציון נבראו שנאמר מזמור לאסף אל אלהים ה' דבר ויקרא ארץ ממזרח שמש עד מבואו ואומר מציון מכלל יופי אלהים הופיע ממנו מוכלל יופיו של עולם,נטל את הדם ממי שממרס בו וכו' מאי כמצליף מחוי רב יהודה 54b. It means blike a manjoined and bclinging to his ilivaya /i,his partner, i.e., his wife. In other words, the cherubs appeared to be embracing one another. bReish Lakish said: When gentilesdestroyed the Second Temple and bentered the Sanctuary, they sawthese drawings of bcherubs clinging to one another.They peeled them from the wall, btook them out to the market, and said: These Jews, whose blessing is a blessing and whose curse is a curse,due to their great fear of God, should bthey be occupied with such matters,making images of this kind? bThey immediately debasedand destroyed bthem, as it is stated: “All who honored her debase her because they have seen her nakedness”(Lamentations 1:8).,§ The mishna taught that a stone sat in the Holy of Holies band it was calledthe bfoundation [ ishetiyya /i]rock. A Sage btaughtin the iTosefta /i: Why was it called ishetiyya /i? It is bbecause the world was created [ ihushtat /i] from it.The Gemara comments: bWe learnedthe mishna bin accordance withthe opinion of bthe one who saidthat bthe world was created from Zion. As it was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Eliezer says: The world was created from its center, as it is stated: “When the dust runs into a mass, and the clods cleave fast together”(Job 38:38). The world was created by adding matter to the center, like the formation of clumps of earth., bRabbi Yehoshua says:The bworld was created from the sides, as it is stated: “For He said to the snow: Become the earth, likewise to the shower of rain, and to the showers of His mighty rain”(Job 37:6). This verse indicates that the rains fell from all sides, which led to the creation of the earth. bRabbi Yitzḥak Nappaḥa said: The Holy One, Blessed be He, cast a stone into the sea, from which the world was created, as it is stated: “Upon what were its foundations fastened; or who laid its cornerstone?”(Job 38:6)., bAnd the Rabbis say:The world bwas created from Zion, as it is stated: “A Psalm of Asaph. God, the Lord Godhas spoken and called the earth, from the rising of the sun to its place of setting” (Psalms 50:1), band it states: “Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty,God has shined forth” (Psalms 50:2). The mishna is taught in accordance with this last opinion., bIt was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Eliezer the Great says: “These are the generations of the heaven and the earth when they were created, on the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven”(Genesis 2:4) means that the bgenerations of the heavens,i.e., all things found in the heavens, bwere created from the heavens,while the bgenerations of the earth were created from the earth. /b, bAnd the Rabbis say: Both these and those were created from Zion, as it is stated: “A Psalm of Asaph. God, the Lord God has spoken and called the earth, from the rising of the sun to its place of setting,” and it says: “Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God has shined forth,”i.e., bfromZion bthe beauty of the world was perfected,which includes both the generations of the heavens and the generations of the earth.,§ The mishna taught that the High Priest btook the bloodof the bull bfromthe one bwho was stirring itso it would not coagulate, band he enteredand sprinkled it like one who whips. The Gemara asks: bWhat isthe meaning of: bLike one who whips? Rav Yehuda demonstratedthe action with his hand


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam/adam, and dust Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
adam/adam, and wife/eve Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
adam/adam, creation of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
adam/adam, curses of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
adam (human), and parahumans Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
adne ha-sadeh (field humans), corpses of Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
akiva, rabbi, ribuy technique of Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
angels Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34; Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273
animal Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
animals, created from four elements Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
animals, exotic, vs. prosaic Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
animals, exotic Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
animals, generative modes of Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
anthropomorphism, feet Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
axis mundi Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
baḥye b. asher (r.) Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273
beast Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
beasts, the, and mysticism Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 168
beasts, the, as castrated Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 142
beasts, the, as food Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 142
beasts, the, as kosher Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 142
beasts, the, with mates Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 142
behemoth Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210; Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
beth-el Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
blessing Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
bodies, classifying Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
calendar Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34; Jacobus, de Hemmer Gudme, and Guillaume, Studies on Magic and Divination in the Biblical World (2013) 41
chaos Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
chaoskampf, deity needs assistance Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 67
christian, conception of the spirit Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
church of santa maria aniqua, rome Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 146
classification, by identification and resemblance Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
corpses, impurity caused by Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
corpses, of adne ha-sadeh (field humans) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
cosmic order, in hebrew bible Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 102
creation, multiplicity of Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
creation, new Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation, of the world Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation, story of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation, the first Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
curse, cursing Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
curses Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
david Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
day, john Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 146
death Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
demon Jacobus, de Hemmer Gudme, and Guillaume, Studies on Magic and Divination in the Biblical World (2013) 41
divine/god, messengers Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
doak, brian Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 102
dust Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
elements Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
elihu Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
endzeit Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
exegesis, scriptural correlation Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
extant Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
ezra of gerona (r.) Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273
fantastic creatures, vs. real, Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
flood, story of the Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
foot/feet Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
generation, and generative interpretations Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
god, breath/inbreathing Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, praise/thanks of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, presence of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, sending of/by Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, taking away/hiddenness of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
ground Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
hands, dragon, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
handy, lowell Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 146
hayah (living being) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
head Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
heaven Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
holed Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
hope Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
human/humankind Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
humans, and parahumans Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
humans, uniqueness of Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
identity, likeness and Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
impurity, corpses causing Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
insects Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
inspiration Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
interpretations, generative Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
jacob Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
job, book of, leviathan Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 102
job, book of Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 102
jonah, swallowed by ketos Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 146
jordan (river) Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
judgment Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
ketos Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 146
leviathan, as created Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 68
leviathan, as enemy metaphor Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 67
leviathan, as ketos Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 146
leviathan, as tanninim Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 165
leviathan, as uroboros Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 168
leviathan, eros of Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273, 315
leviathan, feast of Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
leviathan, odor Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
leviathan Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26; Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69, 77
life, concept of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
likeness, and identity Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
likeness, identity and Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
liturgy Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
lizard/turtle (tsav) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
mountain Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
mythmaking, centrality of scriptural anchor Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
noegel, scott Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 146
parahumans Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
peru u-revu (be fruitful and multiply) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
porcupines/hedgehogs (kipod) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
preacher, the Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
priestly source (p), psalm Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
psalm/psalmist Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
rab (r.) Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
rahab Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
remes (swarmer) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
reviya (multiplication), of gods creations Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
rešit Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 102
ribuy (expansiveness, inclusion) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
rubric Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
sabbath Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
salamanders Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
satan Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
sea, boundaries Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
sea, prince of Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
serpent, fleeing Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 165
shekhinah Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273
sherets (swarming creature) Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
spirit, characterizations as, breath (life itself) Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, characterizations as, superadditum Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, creation Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, life itself Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, praise Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, renews the ground Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
stars, constellations Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 34
supernal Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273
swallowing, divine strife with Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210, 273, 315
swallowing, primordial Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273
swallowing Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
tanninim, and yam Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 67
tanninim Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
tehom Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
temple, founding of Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
temple, heavenly Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
testament of eve Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
the sifra, additive tendency of Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
the sifra, exegesis in, as generative Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 77
the sifra, human uniqueness deemphasized in Neis, When a Human Gives Birth to a Raven: Rabbis and the Reproduction of Species (2012) 69
thematic continuity Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 273
tummah Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 102
uroboros Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 168
urzeit Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
voice Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
weapons/tools Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
weeds, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
whitney jr., k. william Sneed, Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan (2022) 142, 165
wing Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 699
wisdom, and cosmos' Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 102
withdrawal, ͗eben shetiyah Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
world, destruction of Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
world, establishment of Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
world, stabilization Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
yehuda (r.) Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
yitzḥaq (r.) Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
yoḥanan (r.) Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 315
ḥelbo (r.), hero Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210
ḥiyya bar abba (r.), righteous among Fishbane, Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (2003) 210