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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6304
Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 104.14-104.15


מַצְמִיחַ חָצִיר לַבְּהֵמָה וְעֵשֶׂב לַעֲבֹדַת הָאָדָם לְהוֹצִיא לֶחֶם מִן־הָאָרֶץ׃Who causeth the grass to spring up for the cattle, And herb for the service of man; To bring forth bread out of the earth


וְיַיִן יְשַׂמַּח לְבַב־אֱנוֹשׁ לְהַצְהִיל פָּנִים מִשָּׁמֶן וְלֶחֶם לְבַב־אֱנוֹשׁ יִסְעָד׃And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, Making the face brighter than oil, And bread that stayeth man's heart.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

17 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 13.2 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

13.2. For he afflicts, and he shows mercy;he leads down to Hades, and brings up again,and there is no one who can escape his hand.
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1, 1.1-2.4, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.11, 1.12, 1.13, 2.19, 3.8, 3.17, 3.18, 3.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3. Hebrew Bible, Job, 38.7 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

38.7. בְּרָן־יַחַד כּוֹכְבֵי בֹקֶר וַיָּרִיעוּ כָּל־בְּנֵי אֱלֹהִים׃ 38.7. When the morning stars sang together, And all the sons of God shouted for joy?"
4. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 9.5 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.5. לְכוּ לַחֲמוּ בְלַחֲמִי וּשְׁתוּ בְּיַיִן מָסָכְתִּי׃ 9.5. 'Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled."
5. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 104.6-104.9, 104.13, 104.15-104.18, 104.20-104.21, 104.25-104.26, 104.28, 146.10, 147.2, 148.8 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

104.6. תְּהוֹם כַּלְּבוּשׁ כִּסִּיתוֹ עַל־הָרִים יַעַמְדוּ־מָיִם׃ 104.7. מִן־גַּעֲרָתְךָ יְנוּסוּן מִן־קוֹל רַעַמְךָ יֵחָפֵזוּן׃ 104.8. יַעֲלוּ הָרִים יֵרְדוּ בְקָעוֹת אֶל־מְקוֹם זֶה יָסַדְתָּ לָהֶם׃ 104.9. גְּבוּל־שַׂמְתָּ בַּל־יַעֲבֹרוּן בַּל־יְשׁוּבוּן לְכַסּוֹת הָאָרֶץ׃ 104.13. מַשְׁקֶה הָרִים מֵעֲלִיּוֹתָיו מִפְּרִי מַעֲשֶׂיךָ תִּשְׂבַּע הָאָרֶץ׃ 104.15. וְיַיִן יְשַׂמַּח לְבַב־אֱנוֹשׁ לְהַצְהִיל פָּנִים מִשָּׁמֶן וְלֶחֶם לְבַב־אֱנוֹשׁ יִסְעָד׃ 104.16. יִשְׂבְּעוּ עֲצֵי יְהוָה אַרְזֵי לְבָנוֹן אֲשֶׁר נָטָע׃ 104.17. אֲשֶׁר־שָׁם צִפֳּרִים יְקַנֵּנוּ חֲסִידָה בְּרוֹשִׁים בֵּיתָהּ׃ 104.18. הָרִים הַגְּבֹהִים לַיְּעֵלִים סְלָעִים מַחְסֶה לַשְׁפַנִּים׃ 104.21. הַכְּפִירִים שֹׁאֲגִים לַטָּרֶף וּלְבַקֵּשׁ מֵאֵל אָכְלָם׃ 104.25. זֶה הַיָּם גָּדוֹל וּרְחַב יָדָיִם שָׁם־רֶמֶשׂ וְאֵין מִסְפָּר חַיּוֹת קְטַנּוֹת עִם־גְּדֹלוֹת׃ 104.26. שָׁם אֳנִיּוֹת יְהַלֵּכוּן לִוְיָתָן זֶה־יָצַרְתָּ לְשַׂחֶק־בּוֹ׃ 104.28. תִּתֵּן לָהֶם יִלְקֹטוּן תִּפְתַּח יָדְךָ יִשְׂבְּעוּן טוֹב׃ 147.2. לֹא עָשָׂה כֵן לְכָל־גּוֹי וּמִשְׁפָּטִים בַּל־יְדָעוּם הַלְלוּ־יָהּ׃ 147.2. בּוֹנֵה יְרוּשָׁלִַם יְהוָה נִדְחֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל יְכַנֵּס׃ 148.8. אֵשׁ וּבָרָד שֶׁלֶג וְקִיטוֹר רוּחַ סְעָרָה עֹשָׂה דְבָרוֹ׃ 104.6. Thou didst cover it with the deep as with a vesture; the waters stood above the mountains." 104.7. At Thy rebuke they fled, at the voice of Thy thunder they hasted away—" 104.8. The mountains rose, the valleys sank down— Unto the place which Thou hadst founded for them;" 104.9. Thou didst set a bound which they should not pass over, That they might not return to cover the earth." 104.13. Who waterest the mountains from Thine upper chambers; The earth is full of the fruit of Thy works." 104.15. And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, Making the face brighter than oil, And bread that stayeth man's heart." 104.16. The trees of the LORD have their fill, The cedars of Lebanon, which He hath planted;" 104.17. Wherein the birds make their nests; As for the stork, the fir-trees are her house." 104.18. The high mountains are for the wild goats; The rocks are a refuge for the conies." 104.20. Thou makest darkness, and it is night, Wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth." 104.21. The young lions roar after their prey, And seek their food from God." 104.25. Yonder sea, great and wide, Therein are creeping things innumerable, Living creatures, both small and great." 104.26. There go the ships; There is leviathan, whom Thou hast formed to sport therein." 104.28. Thou givest it unto them, they gather it; Thou openest Thy hand, they are satisfied with good." 146.10. The LORD will reign for ever, Thy God, O Zion, unto all generations. Hallelujah." 147.2. The LORD doth build up Jerusalem, He gathereth together the dispersed of Israel;" 148.8. Fire and hail, snow and vapour, Stormy wind, fulfilling His word;"
6. Hebrew Bible, Ecclesiastes, 3.9-3.22 (5th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3.9. מַה־יִּתְרוֹן הָעוֹשֶׂה בַּאֲשֶׁר הוּא עָמֵל׃ 3.11. אֶת־הַכֹּל עָשָׂה יָפֶה בְעִתּוֹ גַּם אֶת־הָעֹלָם נָתַן בְּלִבָּם מִבְּלִי אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יִמְצָא הָאָדָם אֶת־הַמַּעֲשֶׂה אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה הָאֱלֹהִים מֵרֹאשׁ וְעַד־סוֹף׃ 3.12. יָדַעְתִּי כִּי אֵין טוֹב בָּם כִּי אִם־לִשְׂמוֹחַ וְלַעֲשׂוֹת טוֹב בְּחַיָּיו׃ 3.13. וְגַם כָּל־הָאָדָם שֶׁיֹּאכַל וְשָׁתָה וְרָאָה טוֹב בְּכָל־עֲמָלוֹ מַתַּת אֱלֹהִים הִיא׃ 3.14. יָדַעְתִּי כִּי כָּל־אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה הָאֱלֹהִים הוּא יִהְיֶה לְעוֹלָם עָלָיו אֵין לְהוֹסִיף וּמִמֶּנּוּ אֵין לִגְרֹעַ וְהָאֱלֹהִים עָשָׂה שֶׁיִּרְאוּ מִלְּפָנָיו׃ 3.15. מַה־שֶּׁהָיָה כְּבָר הוּא וַאֲשֶׁר לִהְיוֹת כְּבָר הָיָה וְהָאֱלֹהִים יְבַקֵּשׁ אֶת־נִרְדָּף׃ 3.16. וְעוֹד רָאִיתִי תַּחַת הַשָּׁמֶשׁ מְקוֹם הַמִּשְׁפָּט שָׁמָּה הָרֶשַׁע וּמְקוֹם הַצֶּדֶק שָׁמָּה הָרָשַׁע׃ 3.17. אָמַרְתִּי אֲנִי בְּלִבִּי אֶת־הַצַּדִּיק וְאֶת־הָרָשָׁע יִשְׁפֹּט הָאֱלֹהִים כִּי־עֵת לְכָל־חֵפֶץ וְעַל כָּל־הַמַּעֲשֶׂה שָׁם׃ 3.18. אָמַרְתִּי אֲנִי בְּלִבִּי עַל־דִּבְרַת בְּנֵי הָאָדָם לְבָרָם הָאֱלֹהִים וְלִרְאוֹת שְׁהֶם־בְּהֵמָה הֵמָּה לָהֶם׃ 3.19. כִּי מִקְרֶה בְנֵי־הָאָדָם וּמִקְרֶה הַבְּהֵמָה וּמִקְרֶה אֶחָד לָהֶם כְּמוֹת זֶה כֵּן מוֹת זֶה וְרוּחַ אֶחָד לַכֹּל וּמוֹתַר הָאָדָם מִן־הַבְּהֵמָה אָיִן כִּי הַכֹּל הָבֶל׃ 3.21. מִי יוֹדֵעַ רוּחַ בְּנֵי הָאָדָם הָעֹלָה הִיא לְמָעְלָה וְרוּחַ הַבְּהֵמָה הַיֹּרֶדֶת הִיא לְמַטָּה לָאָרֶץ׃ 3.22. וְרָאִיתִי כִּי אֵין טוֹב מֵאֲשֶׁר יִשְׂמַח הָאָדָם בְּמַעֲשָׂיו כִּי־הוּא חֶלְקוֹ כִּי מִי יְבִיאֶנּוּ לִרְאוֹת בְּמֶה שֶׁיִּהְיֶה אַחֲרָיו׃ 3.9. What profit hath he that worketh in that he laboureth?" 3.10. I have seen the task which God hath given to the sons of men to be exercised therewith." 3.11. He hath made every thing beautiful in its time; also He hath set the world in their heart, yet so that man cannot find out the work that God hath done from the beginning even to the end." 3.12. I know that there is nothing better for them, than to rejoice, and to get pleasure so long as they live." 3.13. But also that every man should eat and drink, and enjoy pleasure for all his labour, is the gift of God." 3.14. I know that, whatsoever God doeth, it shall be for ever; nothing can be added to it, nor any thing taken from it; and God hath so made it, that men should fear before Him." 3.15. That which is hath been long ago, and that which is to be hath already been; and God seeketh that which is pursued." 3.16. And moreover I saw under the sun, in the place of justice, that wickedness was there; and in the place of righteousness, that wickedness was there." 3.17. I said in my heart: ‘The righteous and the wicked God will judge; for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.’" 3.18. I said in my heart: ‘It is because of the sons of men, that God may sift them, and that they may see that they themselves are but as beasts.’" 3.19. For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them; as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that man hath no pre-eminence above a beast; for all is vanity." 3.20. All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all return to dust." 3.21. Who knoweth the spirit of man whether it goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast whether it goeth downward to the earth?" 3.22. Wherefore I perceived that there is nothing better, than that a man should rejoice in his works; for that is his portion; for who shall bring him to see what shall be after him?"
7. Septuagint, Tobit, 13.2 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

13.2. For he afflicts, and he shows mercy;he leads down to Hades, and brings up again,and there is no one who can escape his hand.
8. Anon., Jubilees, 2.2-2.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.2. Write the complete history of the creation, how in six days the Lord God finished all His works and all that He created, and kept Sabbath on the seventh day and hallowed it for all ages, and appointed it as a sign for all His works. 2.3. For on the first day He created the heavens which are above and the earth and the waters and all the spirits which serve before Him 2.4. --the angels of the presence, and the angels of sanctification, and the angels [of the spirit of fire and the angels] of the spirit of the winds, and the angels of the spirit of the clouds 2.5. and of darkness, and of snow and of hail and of hoar frost, and the angels of the voices and of the thunder and of the lightning, and the angels of the spirits of cold and of heat, and of winter and of spring and of autumn and of summer 2.6. and of all the spirits of His creatures which are in the heavens and on the earth, (He created) the abysses and the darkness, eventide (and night), and the light, dawn and day, which He hath prepared in the knowledge of His heart. 2.7. And thereupon we saw His works, and praised Him, and lauded before Him on account of all His works; for seven great works did He create on the first day.
9. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 1.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Dead Sea Scrolls, Hodayot, 2.7-2.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

11. Dead Sea Scrolls, Hodayot, 2.7-2.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

12. Dead Sea Scrolls, Songs of The Sabbath Sacrificef, 0 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

13. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 14.189, 14.213-14.215, 14.257, 14.260-14.261 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14.189. Out of these evidences will I demonstrate what I say; and will now set down the decrees made both by the senate and by Julius Caesar, which relate to Hyrcanus and to our nation. 14.213. 8. “Julius Caius, praetor [consul] of Rome, to the magistrates, senate, and people of the Parians, sendeth greeting. The Jews of Delos, and some other Jews that sojourn there, in the presence of your ambassadors, signified to us, that, by a decree of yours, you forbid them to make use of the customs of their forefathers, and their way of sacred worship. 14.214. Now it does not please me that such decrees should be made against our friends and confederates, whereby they are forbidden to live according to their own customs, or to bring in contributions for common suppers and holy festivals, while they are not forbidden so to do even at Rome itself; 14.215. for even Caius Caesar, our imperator and consul, in that decree wherein he forbade the Bacchanal rioters to meet in the city, did yet permit these Jews, and these only, both to bring in their contributions, and to make their common suppers. 14.257. Since we have ever a great regard to piety towards God, and to holiness; and since we aim to follow the people of the Romans, who are the benefactors of all men, and what they have written to us about a league of friendship and mutual assistance between the Jews and our city, and that their sacred offices and accustomed festivals and assemblies may be observed by them; 14.261. Now the senate and people have decreed to permit them to assemble together on the days formerly appointed, and to act according to their own laws; and that such a place be set apart for them by the praetors, for the building and inhabiting the same, as they shall esteem fit for that purpose; and that those that take care of the provision for the city, shall take care that such sorts of food as they esteem fit for their eating may be imported into the city.”
14. New Testament, Hebrews, 3.8, 3.10, 3.12, 3.15, 4.7, 4.12, 10.22 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.8. Don't harden your hearts, as in the provocation, Like as in the day of the trial in the wilderness 3.10. Therefore I was displeased with that generation, And said, 'They always err in their heart, But they didn't know my ways;' 3.12. Beware, brothers, lest perhaps there be in any one of you an evil heart of unbelief, in falling away from the living God; 3.15. while it is said, "Today if you will hear his voice, Don't harden your hearts, as in the rebellion. 4.7. he again defines a certain day, today, saying through David so long a time afterward (just as has been said), "Today if you will hear his voice, Don't harden your hearts. 4.12. For the word of God is living, and active, and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing even to the dividing of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and is able to discern the thoughts and intentions of the heart. 10.22. let's draw near with a true heart in fullness of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and having our body washed with pure water
15. New Testament, Matthew, 25.34 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

25.34. Then the King will tell those on his right hand, 'Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world;
16. Babylonian Talmud, Berachot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

57a. הא דמסרג הא דלא מסרג הרואה הונא בחלום נס נעשה לו חנינא חנניא יוחנן נסי נסים נעשו לו הרואה הספד בחלום מן השמים חסו עליו ופדאוהו והני מילי בכתבא,העונה יהא שמיה רבא מברך מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא הקורא ק"ש ראוי שתשרה עליו שכינה אלא שאין דורו זכאי לכך,המניח תפילין בחלום יצפה לגדולה שנאמר (דברים כח, י) וראו כל עמי הארץ כי שם י"י נקרא עליך וגו' ותניא רבי אליעזר הגדול אומר אלו תפילין שבראש המתפלל בחלום סימן יפה לו וה"מ דלא סיים,הבא על אמו בחלום יצפה לבינה שנאמר (משלי ב, ג) כי אם לבינה תקרא הבא על נערה מאורסה יצפה לתורה שנאמר (דברים לג, ד) תורה צוה לנו משה מורשה קהלת יעקב אל תקרי מורשה אלא מאורשה הבא על אחותו בחלום יצפה לחכמה שנאמר (משלי ז, ד) אמור לחכמה אחותי את הבא על אשת איש בחלום מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא וה"מ דלא ידע לה ולא הרהר בה מאורתא,א"ר חייא בר אבא הרואה חטים בחלום ראה שלום שנאמר (תהלים קמז, יד) השם גבולך שלום חלב חטים ישביעך הרואה שעורים בחלום סרו עונותיו שנאמר (ישעיהו ו, ז) וסר עונך וחטאתך תכופר אמר רבי זירא אנא לא סלקי מבבל לא"י עד דחזאי שערי בחלמא,הרואה גפן טעונה בחלום אין אשתו מפלת נפלים שנאמר (תהלים קכח, ג) אשתך כגפן פוריה שורקה יצפה למשיח שנאמר (בראשית מט, יא) אוסרי לגפן עירה ולשורקה בני אתונו,הרואה תאנה בחלום תורתו משתמרת בקרבו שנאמר (משלי כז, יח) נוצר תאנה יאכל פריה הרואה רמונים בחלום זוטרי פרי עסקיה כרמונא רברבי רבי עסקיה כרמונא פלגי אם ת"ח הוא יצפה לתורה שנאמר (שיר השירים ח, ב) אשקך מיין הרקח מעסיס רמני ואם ע"ה הוא יצפה למצות שנאמר (שיר השירים ד, ג) כפלח הרמון רקתך מאי רקתך אפילו ריקנין שבך מלאים מצות כרמון,הרואה זיתים בחלום זוטרי פרי ורבי וקאי עסקיה כזיתים וה"מ פרי אבל אילני הויין ליה בנים מרובין שנאמר (תהלים קכח, ג) בניך כשתילי זיתים וגו' איכא דאמרי הרואה זית בחלום שם טוב יוצא לו שנאמר (ירמיהו יא, טז) זית רענן יפה פרי תואר קרא י"י שמך הרואה שמן זית בחלום יצפה למאור תורה שנאמר (שמות כז, כ) ויקחו אליך שמן זית זך הרואה תמרים בחלום תמו עונותיו שנאמר (איכה ד, כב) תם עונך בת ציון,אמר רב יוסף הרואה עז בחלום שנה מתברכת לו עזים שנים מתברכות לו שנאמר (משלי כז, כז) ודי חלב עזים ללחמך הרואה הדס בחלום נכסיו מצליחין לו ואם אין לו נכסים ירושה נופלת לו ממקום אחר אמר עולא ואמרי לה במתניתא תנא והוא דחזא בכנייהו הרואה אתרוג בחלום הדור הוא לפני קונו שנאמר (ויקרא כג, מ) פרי עץ הדר כפות תמרים הרואה לולב בחלום אין לו אלא לב אחד לאביו שבשמים,הרואה אווז בחלום יצפה לחכמה שנאמר (משלי א, כ) חכמות בחוץ תרונה והבא עליה הוי ראש ישיבה אמר רב אשי אני ראיתיה ובאתי עליה וסלקית לגדולה,הרואה תרנגול בחלום יצפה לבן זכר תרנגולים יצפה לבנים זכרים תרנגולת יצפה לתרביצה נאה וגילה הרואה ביצים בחלום תלויה בקשתו נשתברו נעשית בקשתו וכן אגוזים וכן קשואים וכן כל כלי זכוכית וכן כל הנשברים כאלו,הנכנס לכרך נעשו לו חפציו שנאמר (תהלים קז, ל) וינחם אל מחוז חפצם המגלח ראשו בחלום סימן יפה לו ראשו וזקנו לו ולכל משפחתו,היושב בעריבה קטנה שם טוב יוצא לו בעריבה גדולה לו ולכל משפחתו וה"מ דמדליה דלויי,הנפנה בחלום סימן יפה לו שנאמר (ישעיהו נא, יד) מהר צועה להפתח וה"מ דלא קנח,העולה לגג בחלום עולה לגדולה ירד יורד מגדולתו אביי ורבא דאמרי תרווייהו כיון שעלה עלה הקורע בגדיו בחלום קורעים לו גזר דינו העומד ערום בחלום בבבל עומד בלא חטא בארץ ישראל ערום בלא מצות הנתפש לסרדיוט שמירה נעשית לו נתנוהו בקולר הוסיפו לו שמירה על שמירתו וה"מ בקולר אבל חבלא בעלמא לא,הנכנס לאגם בחלום נעשה ראש ישיבה ליער נעשה ראש לבני כלה,רב פפא ורב הונא בריה דרב יהושע חזו חלמא רב פפא דעייל לאגמא נעשה ראש ישיבה רב הונא בריה דרב יהושע דעייל ליער נעשה ראש לבני כלה איכא דאמרי תרווייהו לאגמא עיילי אלא רב פפא דתלי טבלא נעשה ראש ישיבה רב הונא בריה דרב יהושע דלא תלי טבלא נעשה ראש לבני כלה אמר רב אשי אנא עיילית לאגמא ותלאי טבלא ונבחי בה נבוחי,תני תנא קמיה דר"נ בר יצחק המקיז דם בחלום עונותיו מחולין לו,והתניא עונותיו סדורין לו מאי סדורין סדורין לימחל,תני תנא קמיה דרב ששת הרואה נחש בחלום פרנסתו מזומנת לו נשכו נכפלה לו הרגו אבדה פרנסתו אמר ליה רב ששת כל שכן שנכפלה פרנסתו ולא היא רב ששת הוא דחזא חויא בחלמיה וקטליה,תני תנא קמיה דרבי יוחנן כל מיני משקין יפין לחלום חוץ מן היין יש שותהו וטוב לו ויש שותהו ורע לו יש שותהו וטוב לו שנאמר (תהלים קד, טו) ויין ישמח לבב אנוש ויש שותהו ורע לו שנאמר (משלי לא, ו) תנו שכר לאובד ויין למרי נפש,אמר ליה רבי יוחנן לתנא תני תלמיד חכם לעולם טוב לו שנאמר (משלי ט, ה) לכו לחמו בלחמי ושתו ביין מסכתי 57a. bThisopinion, that seeing an elephant is a good omen, refers to a case where one saw bit saddled, while thisopinion, that it is a bad omen, refers to a case where the elephant bis not saddled. One who seesa man named bHuna in a dream,it is a sign that ba miracle will be performed for him,because the letter inunin the name Huna represents the word ines /i, miracle. One who sees a man named bḤanina, Ḥaya, or Yoḥa,it is a sign that bmany miracles will be performed for him,since the letter inunappears twice in those names. One who sees ba eulogy in a dream,it is a sign that bthe heavens had mercy upon him, and spared himfrom a divine death sentence and there will be no need to eulogize him in reality. The Gemara restricts this statement and says that bthis only appliesif he saw the eulogy bwrittenand not yet delivered., bOne who answersin a dream: bMay His great name be blessedfrom ikaddish bis assured that he is onewho has a place in bthe World-to-Come. Onewho sees himself breciting iShema /iin a dream bis worthy of having the Divine Presence rest upon him, but his generation is unworthy,and, therefore, the Divine Presence does not actually rest upon him., bOne whosees himself bdon phylacteries in a dream should anticipate greatness, as it is stated: “And all the peoples of the earth shall see that the name of the Lord is called upon you;and they shall be afraid of you” (Deuteronomy 28:10). bAnd it was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Eliezer the Great says: That the Name of the Lord is called upon you, refers to phylacteries of the head,as they represent God’s name upon man. bOne whosees himself bpray in a dream,it is ban auspicious omen.However, the Gemara adds a caveat and says: bThis only appliesin a case where he saw in the dream that he bhad notyet bfinishedhis prayer and is therefore still close to God. If, in the dream, he had already finished his prayer, it is not an omen., bOne whosees that bhe had relations with his mother [ iem /i] in a dream, he should anticipateattaining bunderstanding, as it is stated: “Yea if [ iim /i] you call for understanding”(Proverbs 2:3), and in this homiletic interpretation iimis considered to be the equivalent of iem /i. bOne whosees that he bhad relations with a betrothed young womanin a dream, bhe should anticipate Torah, as it is stated: “Moses commanded us Torah, an inheritance [ imorasha /i] of the congregation of Jacob”(Deuteronomy 33:4). bDo not readit as imorasha /i; rather,read it as ime’orasa /i, betrothed. One whosees that he bhad relations with his sister in a dream, should anticipate wisdom, as it is stated: “Say unto wisdom: You are my sister”(Proverbs 7:4). bOne whosees that bhe had relations with a married woman in a dream is assured that he is onewho has a place in bthe World-to-Come.He receives his place as well as that of another person in the Garden of Eden, as the married woman represents a portion belonging to someone else. However, the Gemara adds a caveat and says: bThis only appliesin a case where bhe did not know her and was not thinking about her that evening;rather, he saw an unidentified woman in his dream by chance., bRabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba said: One who sees wheat in a dream has seen peace, as it is stated: “He makes your borders peace; He gives you in plenty the fat of wheat”(Psalms 147:14). And bone who sees barley [ ise’orim /i] in a dreamhas received a sign that bhis iniquities are taken away, as it is stated: “And your iniquity is taken away [ ivesar avonekh /i], and your sin expiated”(Isaiah 6:7); ise’orimis an acronym for isar avon /i. bRabbi Zeira said: I did not ascend from Babylonia to Eretz Yisrael until I saw barley in my dream. /b, bOne who sees a vine ladenwith grapes bin a dream,it is an omen that bhis wife will not miscarry, as it is stated: “Your wife shall be as a fruitful vine,in the innermost parts of your house” (Psalms 128:3). One who sees baplanted bvine branchin a dream bshould anticipate the Messiah, as it is stated: “Binding his foal unto the vine and his donkey’s colt unto the vine branch”(Genesis 49:11)., bOne who sees a fig tree in a dream,it is a sign that bhis Torah is preserved within him, as it is stated: “One who keeps the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof”(Proverbs 27:18). bOne who sees pomegranates in a dream,if they were bsmall, his business will flourish like the seeds ofthe bpomegranate,which are numerous; and if they were blarge, his business will increase like a pomegranate.One who saw bslices of pomegranatesin his dream, bif he is a Torah scholar, he should anticipate Torah, as it is stated: “I would cause you to drink of spiced wine, of the juice of my pomegranate”(Song of Songs 8:2), which is traditionally understood as an allusion to Torah. bAnd ifthe dreamer bis an ignoramus, he should anticipate mitzvot,as it is stated: b“Your temples are like a split pomegranate”(Song of Songs 4:3). As the Gemara previously interpreted homiletically: bWhat isthe meaning of the word b“Your temples [ irakatekh /i]”? Even the most ignorant [ ireikanin /i] among you,Israel, bare full of mitzvot like a pomegranate. /b, bOne who sees olives in a dream,and they were bsmall,it is a sign that bhis business will flourish, increase and be durable like olives.However, the Gemara adds a caveat, saying that bthis applies onlywhen he sees the bfruitof an olive tree; bbut,one who sees olive btrees,it is a sign that bhe will have many children, as it is stated: “Your children like olive plants,round about your table” (Psalms 128:3). bSome say that one who sees an olive tree in a dream,it is a sign that ba good reputation will spread for him, as it is stated:“The Lord called your name ba leafy olive tree, fair with goodly fruit”(Jeremiah 11:16). bOne who sees olive oil in a dream should anticipate the light of Torah, as it is stated: “That they bring unto you pure olive oilbeaten for the light” (Exodus 27:20). bOne who sees palm trees [ itemarim /i] in a dreamhas seen a sign that bhis transgressions have ceased, as it is stated: “Your iniquity is finished, O daughter of Zion”(Lamentations 4:22), as the Gemara likens itemara /i, date, to itam ra /i, evil has ceased., bRav Yosef says: One who sees a goat in a dream,it is a sign that bhis year will be blessed;one who sees bgoats, his years will be blessed, as it is stated: “And there will be goats’ milk enough for your food,for the food of your household; and sustece for your maidens” (Proverbs 27:27). bOne who sees myrtle in a dream,it is a sign that bhis property will be successful. And if he does notown bproperty,it is a sign that bhe will receive an inheritance. Ulla said, and some say it was taught in a ibaraita /i: Thisapplies exclusively to a case bwhere he sawthem bon their stem. One who sees a citron [ ietrog /i] in a dreamhas seen a sign that bhe is honored [ ihadur /i] before his Creator, as it is statedwith regard to the citron: b“The fruit of goodly trees [ ihadar /i], branches of palm trees”(Leviticus 23:40). bOne who sees a palm branch [ ilulav /i] in a dream,it is a sign that bhe has but one heart for his Father in heaven. iLulavis interpreted homiletically as ilo lev /i, he has a heart., bOne who sees a goose in a dream should anticipate wisdom, as it is stated: “Wisdoms cry aloud in the streets,she utters her voice in the broad places” (Proverbs 1:20); geese tend to sound their voices. One who dreams that bhe has relations withthe goose bwill become head of the yeshiva. Rav Ashi said: I sawa goose and bhad relations with itin my dream band I ascended to greatnessand became head of the yeshiva., bOne who sees a rooster in a dreamshould anticipate ba male child.One who sees multiple broosters should expect male children.One who sees ba hen [ itarnegolet /i] should anticipate a beautiful garden andreason to brejoice [ itarbitza na’a vegila /i],as itarnegoletis interpreted as an acronym for itarbitza na’a vegila /i. bOne who sees eggs in a dream,it is a sign that bhis request is pending,as egg in Aramaic is ibeya /i, which is similar to the term for request. If one saw that the eggs bbroke,it is a sign that bhis requesthas already been bgranted,as that which was hidden inside the shell was revealed. bThe same is true of nuts, and the same is true of cucumbers, and the same is true of all glass vessels, and the same is true of anything similarly fragilethat broke in his dream, it is a sign that his request was granted., bOnewho dreams that bhe entered a city,it is a sign that bhis desires will be fulfilled, as it is stated: “And He led them unto their desired haven”(Psalms 107:30). bOne who shaves his head in a dream, it is a good omen for him,as the removal of undesired hairs is a sign of renewal and greatness. If he bshaved his head and his beardin a dream, it is a good omen bfor him and his entire family. /b, bOne who sits in a small boatin a dream, it is a sign that ba good reputation will spread for him.If he sees himself sitting bin a large boatin a dream, ba good reputation will spread for him and his entire family.The Gemara notes that bthis only applieswhere bthe boat was floating highon the waves., bOne who defecatesin a dream, bit is a good omen for him, as it is stated: “He that is bent down shall speedily be loosed;and he shall not go down dying into the pit, neither shall his bread fail” (Isaiah 51:14). The Gemara notes that bthis only applieswhere bhe does not wipeand get his hands dirty., bOne who climbs up to the roof in a dream,it is a sign that bhe will ascend to greatness.If, after he climbed up, bhe climbedback bdown,it is a sign that he bwill descend fromthe bgreatness heachieved. bAbaye and Rava both said: Once one ascendedto the roof in his dream, bhe ascended,and even if he dreams that he descended, it remains a good omen for him. bOne who rips his clothing in a dream,it is a sign that they brip up his sentence. One who stands naked in Babylonia in a dream,it is a sign that bhe stands free of transgression.Although living outside Israel is itself a transgression, his nakedness symbolizes that he has been absolved of that sin. If one dreamed that he stood naked bin Eretz Yisrael,it is a sign that he is bnaked without mitzvot. Onewho dreams that bhe was apprehendedand guarded bby a soldier [ isardeyot /i],it is a sign that bprotection was provided himby heaven. If he sees that bhe is wearing a neck chain [ ikolar /i],it is a sign that bthey have increased his level of protection.However, the Gemara notes that bthis only appliesto a case where his neck was placed bin a neck chain; ifhis neck was bsimplyplaced in ba noose, it does notindicate heavenly protection., bOne who enters a marsh in a dream,it is a sign that bhe will become head of a yeshiva,as he appears to be standing alone with all the bulrushes, large and small, surrounding him like the head of a yeshiva, around whom all the students gather. One who dreams that he entered ba forestand sees only large trees around him, it is a sign that he bwill be made head ofonly bthe advanced students [ ikalla /i],where he will explain the lessons only to the outstanding students in the yeshiva, each of whom is himself a great tree, set apart from the others.,The Gemara relates: bRav Pappa and Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua,each bsaw a dream: Rav Pappa,who saw bthat he entered a marshin his dream, bwas appointed head of a yeshiva. Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua,who saw bthat he entered a forestin his dream, bwas appointed head of the advanced students. Some say that both of themdreamed that bthey entered a marsh,but bRav Pappa,who dreamed bthat a drum hungfrom his neck, bwas appointed head of the yeshiva,as banging a drum symbolizes the head of a yeshiva who sounds his voice in public. bRav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua,who bdid notdream bthat a drum hung aroundhis neck, bwasonly bappointed head of the advanced students. Rav Ashi said: Idreamed that bI entered a marsh and hung a drum and beat it,and Rav Ashi became head of the yeshiva.,The itanna /iwho recited imishnayot bbefore Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak taught: One who lets blood in a dream,it is a sign that bhis transgressions have been forgiven,because red, the color of blood, is a metaphor for sin: “Though your sins be as scarlet…though they be red like crimson” (Isaiah 1:18). Consequently, bloodletting can symbolize transgressions leaving him.,The Gemara asks: bWas it not taughtin a ibaraita /i: One who sees that he is letting-blood in a dream, it is a sign that bhis transgressions are enumerated before him?The Gemara answers: bWhatis meant by benumerated?This means that they are benumerated to be forgiven. /b,The itanna /iwho recited imishnayot bbefore Rav Sheshet taught: One who sees a snake in a dream,it is a sign that bhis livelihood is accessible to himjust as dust is readily accessible to a snake. If one saw that the snake bbit himin his dream, it is a sign that his livelihood bwill double.If bhe killedthe snake, it is a sign that bhe will lose his livelihood. Rav Sheshet said tothe itanna /i: On the contrary, if one dreamed that he killed the snake it is a sign that ball the more so his livelihood will double.The Gemara remarks: bBut that is not so. Rav Sheshet saw a snake in his dream and killed it,so he sought to interpret his dream positively.,The itanna /iwho recited imishnayot bbefore Rabbi Yoḥa taught: One who sees any kind of drink in a dream it isa bgoodomen, bexcept for wine,as bthere isone bwho drinks itin a dream band it isa bgoodomen bfor him, and there isone bwho drinks itin a dream band it isa bbadomen bfor him.The Gemara elaborates: bThere isone bwho drinkswine band it isa bgoodomen bfor him, as it is stated: “And wine that makes glad the heart of man”(Psalms 104:15), band there isone bwho drinks itin a dream band it isa bbadomen bfor him, as it is stated: “Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish and wine unto the bitter in soul”(Proverbs 31:6)., bRabbi Yoḥa said to the itanna: /iYou should bteachthat for ba Torah scholar,a dream of wine is balwaysa bgoodomen, bas it is stated: “Come, eat of my bread and drink of the wine which I have mingled”(Proverbs 9:5).
17. Anon., 4 Ezra, 4.8

4.8. Perhaps you would have said to me, `I never went down into the deep, nor as yet into hell, neither did I ever ascend into heaven.'


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam/adam, and dust Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
adam/adam, and wife/eve Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
adam/adam, creation of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
adam/adam, curses of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
afterlife Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33
ahmet Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
angels Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
animal Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
babylonia Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
babylonian talmud Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
bar hedya Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
blessing Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
characterization Buster, Remembering the Story of Israel Historical Summaries and Memory Formation in Second Temple Judaism (2022) 219
christian, conception of the spirit Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
church, as mother Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
commemoration Buster, Remembering the Story of Israel Historical Summaries and Memory Formation in Second Temple Judaism (2022) 218
creation, new Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation, of the world Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation, story of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation, the first Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
creation Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
cult Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
culture v Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
curse, cursing Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
curses Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
death, and paradise Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
death Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33; Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26; Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
determinism Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33
diaspora Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
diet, in the garden of eden Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 81
dinner, communal Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
dream Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
dust Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33; Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
earth, and heaven Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
earth, as witness Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
earth, from (out of) the Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33
earth Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33
eating, prohibition against Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 81
elihu Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
evil, and paradise/new kingdom Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
evil Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
extant Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
faith Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
firmament Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
flood, story of the Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, breath/inbreathing Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, praise/thanks of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, presence of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, sending of/by Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god, taking away/hiddenness of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
god Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
goodness, and paradise Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
grace Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
ground Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
heaven, and earth Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
heaven, as witness Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
heaven Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
hope Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
human/humankind Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
hymn to the creator Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
identity Buster, Remembering the Story of Israel Historical Summaries and Memory Formation in Second Temple Judaism (2022) 218
inspiration Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
isis Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 360
israel, as mother Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
israel, mothers of Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
israel, people of/gods people Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
jerusalem Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143; Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25; Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
jew, jewish (ioudaios) Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
joseph (son of jacob) Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 360
joy Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
judaism Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
judgment Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
kingdom, of jerusalem Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
knowledge, public Buster, Remembering the Story of Israel Historical Summaries and Memory Formation in Second Temple Judaism (2022) 218
knowledge Buster, Remembering the Story of Israel Historical Summaries and Memory Formation in Second Temple Judaism (2022) 219
law, dietary laws Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
leviathan Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
life, concept of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
liturgy Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
lot Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33
martyrdom, martyr, desire Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
martyrdom, martyr, trauma, traumatic experience Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
meal Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
metaphor/metaphorical network Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
metaphor Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
mother, as church Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
mother, as israel Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
mother Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
offering Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
pagan, pagans Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
paradise Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
poetry Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
preacher, the Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
psalm/psalmist Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
qumran Buster, Remembering the Story of Israel Historical Summaries and Memory Formation in Second Temple Judaism (2022) 218; Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 25
rabbi Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
seneca Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 436
serpent Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 81
singing Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
song of the three young men Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
soul Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33
spirit, characterizations as, breath (life itself) Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, characterizations as, superadditum Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, creation Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, life itself Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, praise Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit, effects of, renews the ground Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 26
spirit Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 33
split coordination Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 81
temple, second Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 143
therapeutae/therapeutrides' Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 360
throne Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 33
tree, location of Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 81
tree, prohibition of Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 81