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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6303
Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 7.4


אֱמֹר לַחָכְמָה אֲחֹתִי אָתְּ וּמֹדָע לַבִּינָה תִקְרָא׃Say unto wisdom: ‘Thou art my sister’, And call understanding thy kinswoman;


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

18 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 1.3, 4.5 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.3. I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh. 4.5. Remember the Lord our God all your days, my son, and refuse to sin or to transgress his commandments. Live uprightly all the days of your life, and do not walk in the ways of wrongdoing.
2. Hebrew Bible, Song of Songs, 5.6 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5.6. פָּתַחְתִּי אֲנִי לְדוֹדִי וְדוֹדִי חָמַק עָבָר נַפְשִׁי יָצְאָה בְדַבְּרוֹ בִּקַּשְׁתִּיהוּ וְלֹא מְצָאתִיהוּ קְרָאתִיו וְלֹא עָנָנִי׃ 5.6. I opened to my beloved; But my beloved had turned away, and was gone. My soul failed me when he spoke. I sought him, but I could not find him; I called him, but he gave me no answer.
3. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 6.5-6.8, 30.15, 33.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.5. וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל־מְאֹדֶךָ׃ 6.6. וְהָיוּ הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם עַל־לְבָבֶךָ׃ 6.7. וְשִׁנַּנְתָּם לְבָנֶיךָ וְדִבַּרְתָּ בָּם בְּשִׁבְתְּךָ בְּבֵיתֶךָ וּבְלֶכְתְּךָ בַדֶּרֶךְ וּבְשָׁכְבְּךָ וּבְקוּמֶךָ׃ 6.8. וּקְשַׁרְתָּם לְאוֹת עַל־יָדֶךָ וְהָיוּ לְטֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ׃ 30.15. רְאֵה נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַחַיִּים וְאֶת־הַטּוֹב וְאֶת־הַמָּוֶת וְאֶת־הָרָע׃ 33.4. תּוֹרָה צִוָּה־לָנוּ מֹשֶׁה מוֹרָשָׁה קְהִלַּת יַעֲקֹב׃ 6.5. And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might." 6.6. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be upon thy heart;" 6.7. and thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up." 6.8. And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thy hand, and they shall be for frontlets between thine eyes." 30.15. See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil," 33.4. Moses commanded us a law, An inheritance of the congregation of Jacob."
4. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 2.6-2.7, 2.9, 2.11-2.25 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.6. וְאֶת־בָּנֶיהָ לֹא אֲרַחֵם כִּי־בְנֵי זְנוּנִים הֵמָּה׃ 2.7. כִּי זָנְתָה אִמָּם הֹבִישָׁה הוֹרָתָם כִּי אָמְרָה אֵלְכָה אַחֲרֵי מְאַהֲבַי נֹתְנֵי לַחְמִי וּמֵימַי צַמְרִי וּפִשְׁתִּי שַׁמְנִי וְשִׁקּוּיָי׃ 2.9. וְרִדְּפָה אֶת־מְאַהֲבֶיהָ וְלֹא־תַשִּׂיג אֹתָם וּבִקְשָׁתַם וְלֹא תִמְצָא וְאָמְרָה אֵלְכָה וְאָשׁוּבָה אֶל־אִישִׁי הָרִאשׁוֹן כִּי טוֹב לִי אָז מֵעָתָּה׃ 2.11. לָכֵן אָשׁוּב וְלָקַחְתִּי דְגָנִי בְּעִתּוֹ וְתִירוֹשִׁי בְּמוֹעֲדוֹ וְהִצַּלְתִּי צַמְרִי וּפִשְׁתִּי לְכַסּוֹת אֶת־עֶרְוָתָהּ׃ 2.12. וְעַתָּה אֲגַלֶּה אֶת־נַבְלֻתָהּ לְעֵינֵי מְאַהֲבֶיהָ וְאִישׁ לֹא־יַצִּילֶנָּה מִיָּדִי׃ 2.13. וְהִשְׁבַּתִּי כָּל־מְשׂוֹשָׂהּ חַגָּהּ חָדְשָׁהּ וְשַׁבַּתָּהּ וְכֹל מוֹעֲדָהּ׃ 2.14. וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִי גַּפְנָהּ וּתְאֵנָתָהּ אֲשֶׁר אָמְרָה אֶתְנָה הֵמָּה לִי אֲשֶׁר נָתְנוּ־לִי מְאַהֲבָי וְשַׂמְתִּים לְיַעַר וַאֲכָלָתַם חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה׃ 2.15. וּפָקַדְתִּי עָלֶיהָ אֶת־יְמֵי הַבְּעָלִים אֲשֶׁר תַּקְטִיר לָהֶם וַתַּעַד נִזְמָהּ וְחֶלְיָתָהּ וַתֵּלֶךְ אַחֲרֵי מְאַהֲבֶיהָ וְאֹתִי שָׁכְחָה נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 2.16. לָכֵן הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי מְפַתֶּיהָ וְהֹלַכְתִּיהָ הַמִּדְבָּר וְדִבַּרְתִּי עַל לִבָּהּ׃ 2.17. וְנָתַתִּי לָהּ אֶת־כְּרָמֶיהָ מִשָּׁם וְאֶת־עֵמֶק עָכוֹר לְפֶתַח תִּקְוָה וְעָנְתָה שָּׁמָּה כִּימֵי נְעוּרֶיהָ וִּכְיוֹם עֲלֹתָהּ מֵאֶרֶץ־מִצְרָיִם׃ 2.18. וְהָיָה בַיּוֹם־הַהוּא נְאֻם־יְהוָה תִּקְרְאִי אִישִׁי וְלֹא־תִקְרְאִי־לִי עוֹד בַּעְלִי׃ 2.19. וַהֲסִרֹתִי אֶת־שְׁמוֹת הַבְּעָלִים מִפִּיהָ וְלֹא־יִזָּכְרוּ עוֹד בִּשְׁמָם׃ 2.21. וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי לְעוֹלָם וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי בְּצֶדֶק וּבְמִשְׁפָּט וּבְחֶסֶד וּבְרַחֲמִים׃ 2.22. וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי בֶּאֱמוּנָה וְיָדַעַתְּ אֶת־יְהוָה׃ 2.23. וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶעֱנֶה נְאֻם־יְהוָה אֶעֱנֶה אֶת־הַשָּׁמָיִם וְהֵם יַעֲנוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ׃ 2.24. וְהָאָרֶץ תַּעֲנֶה אֶת־הַדָּגָן וְאֶת־הַתִּירוֹשׁ וְאֶת־הַיִּצְהָר וְהֵם יַעֲנוּ אֶת־יִזְרְעֶאל׃ 2.25. וּזְרַעְתִּיהָ לִּי בָּאָרֶץ וְרִחַמְתִּי אֶת־לֹא רֻחָמָה וְאָמַרְתִּי לְלֹא־עַמִּי עַמִּי־אַתָּה וְהוּא יֹאמַר אֱלֹהָי׃ 2.6. And I will not have compassion upon her children; For they are children of harlotry." 2.7. For their mother hath played the harlot, She that conceived them hath done shamefully; For she said: ‘I will go after my lovers, That give me my bread and my water, My wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.’" 2.9. And she shall run after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them, And she shall seek them, but shall not find them; Then shall she say: ‘I will go and return to my first husband; For then was it better with me than now.’" 2.11. Therefore will I take back My corn in the time thereof, And My wine in the season thereof, And will snatch away My wool and My flax Given to cover her nakedness." 2.12. And now will I uncover her shame in the sight of her lovers, And none shall deliver her out of My hand." 2.13. I will also cause all her mirth to cease, Her feasts, her new moons, and her sabbaths, And all her appointed seasons." 2.14. And I will lay waste her vines and her fig-trees, Whereof she hath said: ‘These are my hire That my lovers have given me’; And I will make them a forest, And the beasts of the field shall eat them." 2.15. And I will visit upon her the days of the Baalim, Wherein she offered unto them, And decked herself with her ear-rings and her jewels, And went after her lovers, And forgot Me, saith the LORD." 2.16. Therefore, behold, I will allure her, And bring her into the wilderness, And speak tenderly unto her." 2.17. And I will give her her vineyards from thence, And the valley of Achor for a door of hope; And she shall respond there, as in the days of her youth, And as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt." 2.18. And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, That thou shalt call Me Ishi, And shalt call Me no more Baali." 2.19. For I will take away the names of the Baalim out of her mouth, And they shall no more be mentioned by their name." 2.20. And in that day will I make a covet for them With the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, And with the creeping things of the ground; And I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the land, And will make them to lie down safely." 2.21. And I will betroth thee unto Me for ever; Yea, I will betroth thee unto Me in righteousness, and in justice, And in lovingkindness, and in compassion." 2.22. And I will betroth thee unto Me in faithfulness; And thou shalt know the LORD." 2.23. And it shall come to pass in that day, I will respond, saith the LORD, I will respond to the heavens, And they shall respond to the earth;" 2.24. And the earth shall respond to the corn, and the wine, and the oil; And they shall respond to Jezreel." 2.25. And I will sow her unto Me in the land; And I will have compassion upon her that had not obtained compassion; And I will say to them that were not My people: ‘Thou art My people’; And they shall say: ‘Thou art my God.’"
5. Hebrew Bible, Job, 27.1, 29.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

27.1. אִם־עַל־שַׁדַּי יִתְעַנָּג יִקְרָא אֱלוֹהַּ בְּכָל־עֵת׃ 27.1. וַיֹּסֶף אִיּוֹב שְׂאֵת מְשָׁלוֹ וַיֹּאמַר׃ 29.1. וַיֹּסֶף אִיּוֹב שְׂאֵת מְשָׁלוֹ וַיֹּאמַר׃ 29.1. קוֹל־נְגִידִים נֶחְבָּאוּ וּלְשׁוֹנָם לְחִכָּם דָּבֵקָה׃ 27.1. And Job again took up his parable, and said:" 29.1. And Job again took up his parable, and said:"
6. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 23.7 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

23.7. וַיִּשָּׂא מְשָׁלוֹ וַיֹּאמַר מִן־אֲרָם יַנְחֵנִי בָלָק מֶלֶךְ־מוֹאָב מֵהַרְרֵי־קֶדֶם לְכָה אָרָה־לִּי יַעֲקֹב וּלְכָה זֹעֲמָה יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 23.7. And he took up his parable, and said: From Aram Balak bringeth me, The king of Moab from the mountains of the East: ‘Come, curse me Jacob, And come, execrate Israel.’"
7. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 1, 1.6, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.11, 1.12, 1.13, 1.14, 1.15, 1.16, 1.17, 1.18, 1.19, 1.20, 1.21, 1.28, 2, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3, 3.1, 3.3, 3.13, 3.19, 3.20, 3.21, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24, 3.25, 3.32, 4, 4.6, 4.8, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17, 4.18, 4.19, 4.20, 4.21, 4.22, 4.23, 4.24, 4.25, 4.26, 4.27, 5, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11, 5.12, 5.13, 5.14, 5.15, 5.16, 5.17, 5.18, 5.19, 5.20, 5.21, 5.22, 5.23, 6, 6.20, 6.21, 6.22, 6.23, 6.24, 6.25, 6.26, 6.27, 6.28, 6.29, 6.30, 6.31, 6.32, 6.33, 6.34, 6.35, 7, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.5, 7.6, 7.7, 7.8, 7.9, 7.10, 7.11, 7.12, 7.13, 7.14, 7.15, 7.16, 7.17, 7.18, 7.19, 7.20, 7.21, 7.22, 7.23, 7.24, 7.25, 7.26, 7.27, 8, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.17, 8.22, 8.30, 9, 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5, 9.6, 10.1-22.16, 16.31, 19.20, 19.27, 22.17-24.22, 24.23, 24.24, 24.25, 24.28, 24.30, 24.31, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

8. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 14.4, 62.1, 62.4-62.5 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

14.4. וְנָשָׂאתָ הַמָּשָׁל הַזֶּה עַל־מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וְאָמָרְתָּ אֵיךְ שָׁבַת נֹגֵשׂ שָׁבְתָה מַדְהֵבָה׃ 62.1. לְמַעַן צִיּוֹן לֹא אֶחֱשֶׁה וּלְמַעַן יְרוּשָׁלִַם לֹא אֶשְׁקוֹט עַד־יֵצֵא כַנֹּגַהּ צִדְקָהּ וִישׁוּעָתָהּ כְּלַפִּיד יִבְעָר׃ 62.1. עִבְרוּ עִבְרוּ בַּשְּׁעָרִים פַּנּוּ דֶּרֶךְ הָעָם סֹלּוּ סֹלּוּ הַמְסִלָּה סַקְּלוּ מֵאֶבֶן הָרִימוּ נֵס עַל־הָעַמִּים׃ 62.4. לֹא־יֵאָמֵר לָךְ עוֹד עֲזוּבָה וּלְאַרְצֵךְ לֹא־יֵאָמֵר עוֹד שְׁמָמָה כִּי לָךְ יִקָּרֵא חֶפְצִי־בָהּ וּלְאַרְצֵךְ בְּעוּלָה כִּי־חָפֵץ יְהוָה בָּךְ וְאַרְצֵךְ תִּבָּעֵל׃ 62.5. כִּי־יִבְעַל בָּחוּר בְּתוּלָה יִבְעָלוּךְ בָּנָיִךְ וּמְשׂוֹשׂ חָתָן עַל־כַּלָּה יָשִׂישׂ עָלַיִךְ אֱלֹהָיִךְ׃ 14.4. that thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and say: How hath the oppressor ceased! The exactress of gold ceased!" 62.1. For Zion’s sake will I not hold My peace, And for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest, Until her triumph go forth as brightness, And her salvation as a torch that burneth." 62.4. Thou shalt no more be termed Forsaken, Neither shall thy land any more be termed Desolate; But thou shalt be called, My delight is in her, And thy land, Espoused; For the LORD delighteth in thee, And thy land shall be espoused." 62.5. For as a young man espouseth a virgin, So shall thy sons espouse thee; And as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, So shall thy God rejoice over thee."
9. Hebrew Bible, Joshua, 1.8, 24.9 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.8. לֹא־יָמוּשׁ סֵפֶר הַתּוֹרָה הַזֶּה מִפִּיךָ וְהָגִיתָ בּוֹ יוֹמָם וָלַיְלָה לְמַעַן תִּשְׁמֹר לַעֲשׂוֹת כְּכָל־הַכָּתוּב בּוֹ כִּי־אָז תַּצְלִיחַ אֶת־דְּרָכֶךָ וְאָז תַּשְׂכִּיל׃ 24.9. וַיָּקָם בָּלָק בֶּן־צִפּוֹר מֶלֶךְ מוֹאָב וַיִּלָּחֶם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּשְׁלַח וַיִּקְרָא לְבִלְעָם בֶּן־בְּעוֹר לְקַלֵּל אֶתְכֶם׃ 1.8. This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein; for then thou shalt make thy ways prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success." 24.9. Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, arose and fought against Israel; and he sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to curse you."
10. Homer, Iliad, 1.62 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

1.62. /if war and pestilence alike are to ravage the Achaeans. But come, let us ask some seer or priest, or some reader of dreams—for a dream too is from Zeus—who might say why Phoebus Apollo is so angry, whether he finds fault with a vow or a hecatomb;
11. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 17.2 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

17.2. וּפָרַשְׂתִּי עָלָיו רִשְׁתִּי וְנִתְפַּשׂ בִּמְצוּדָתִי וַהֲבִיאוֹתִיהוּ בָבֶלָה וְנִשְׁפַּטְתִּי אִתּוֹ שָׁם מַעֲלוֹ אֲשֶׁר מָעַל־בִּי׃ 17.2. בֶּן־אָדָם חוּד חִידָה וּמְשֹׁל מָשָׁל אֶל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 17.2. ’Son of man, put forth a riddle, and speak a parable unto the house of Israel,"
12. Septuagint, Tobit, 1.3, 4.5 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.3. I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh. 4.5. Remember the Lord our God all your days, my son, and refuse to sin or to transgress his commandments. Live uprightly all the days of your life, and do not walk in the ways of wrongdoing.
13. Anon., 1 Enoch, 91.4, 91.18, 92.3, 94.1, 99.10, 104.13 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

91.4. Love uprightness and walk therein. And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart, And associate not with those of a double heart,But walk in righteousness, my sons. And it shall guide you on good paths, And righteousness shall be your companion. 91.18. And now I tell you, my sons, and show you The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence. Yea, I will show them to you again That ye may know what will come to pass. 92.3. And the righteous one shall arise from sleep, [Shall arise] and walk in the paths of righteousness, And all his path and conversation shall be in eternal goodness and grace. 94.1. And now I say unto you, my sons, love righteousness and walk therein; For the paths of righteousness are worthy of acceptation, But the paths of unrighteousness shall suddenly be destroyed and vanish. 94.1. Thus I speak and declare unto you: He who hath created you will overthrow you, And for your fall there shall be no compassion, And your Creator will rejoice at your destruction. 104.13. wise to become a cause of joy and uprightness and much wisdom. And to them shall the books be given, and they shall believe in them and rejoice over them, and then shall all the righteous who have learnt therefrom all the paths of uprightness be recompensed.' 100. And in those days in one place the fathers together with their sons shall be smitten And brothers one with another shall fall in death Till the streams flow with their blood.",For a man shall not withhold his hand from slaying his sons and his sons' sons, And the sinner shall not withhold his hand from his honoured brother: From dawn till sunset they shall slay one another.,And the horse shall walk up to the breast in the blood of sinners, And the chariot shall be submerged to its height.,In those days the angels shall descend into the secret places And gather together into one place all those who brought down sin And the Most High will arise on that day of judgement To execute great judgement amongst sinners.",And over all the righteous and holy He will appoint guardians from amongst the holy angels To guard them as the apple of an eye, Until He makes an end of all wickedness and all sin, And though the righteous sleep a long sleep, they have nought to fear.,And (then) the children of the earth shall see the wise in security, And shall understand all the words of this book, And recognize that their riches shall not be able to save them In the overthrow of their sins.,Woe to you, Sinners, on the day of strong anguish, Ye who afflict the righteous and burn them with fire: Ye shall be requited according to your works.,Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart, Who watch in order to devise wickedness: Therefore shall fear come upon you And there shall be none to help you.,Woe to you, ye sinners, on account of the words of your mouth, And on account of the deeds of your hands which your godlessness as wrought, In blazing flames burning worse than fire shall ye burn.,And now, know ye that from the angels He will inquire as to your deeds in heaven, from the sun and from the moon and from the stars in reference to your sins because upon the earth ye execute,judgement on the righteous. And He will summon to testify against you every cloud and mist and dew and rain; for they shall all be withheld because of you from descending upon you, and they,shall be mindful of your sins. And now give presents to the rain that it be not withheld from descending upon you, nor yet the dew, when it has received gold and silver from you that it may descend. When the hoar-frost and snow with their chilliness, and all the snow-storms with all their plagues fall upon you, in those days ye shall not be able to stand before them.
14. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 2.1-2.4, 3.17-3.18, 4.7-4.19, 6.18-6.37, 14.23, 15.2-15.3, 24.25-24.29, 51.19 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.1. My son, if you come forward to serve the Lord,prepare yourself for temptation. 2.1. Consider the ancient generations and see:who ever trusted in the Lord and was put to shame?Or who ever persevered in the fear of the Lord and was forsaken?Or who ever called upon him and was overlooked? 2.2. Set your heart right and be steadfast,and do not be hasty in time of calamity. 2.3. Cleave to him and do not depart,that you may be honored at the end of your life. 2.4. Accept whatever is brought upon you,and in changes that humble you be patient. 3.17. My son, perform your tasks in meekness;then you will be loved by those whom God accepts. 3.18. The greater you are, the more you must humble yourself;so you will find favor in the sight of the Lord. 4.7. Make yourself beloved in the congregation;bow your head low to a great man. 4.8. Incline your ear to the poor,and answer him peaceably and gently. 4.9. Deliver him who is wronged from the hand of the wrongdoer;and do not be fainthearted in judging a case. 4.11. Wisdom exalts her sons and gives help to those who seek her. 4.12. Whoever loves her loves life,and those who seek her early will be filled with joy. 4.13. Whoever holds her fast will obtain glory,and the Lord will bless the place she enters. 4.14. Those who serve her will minister to the Holy One;the Lord loves those who love her. 4.15. He who obeys her will judge the nations,and whoever gives heed to her will dwell secure. 4.16. If he has faith in her he will obtain her;and his descendants will remain in possession of her. 4.17. For at first she will walk with him on tortuous paths,she will bring fear and cowardice upon him,and will torment him by her discipline until she trusts him,and she will test him with her ordices. 4.18. Then she will come straight back to him and gladden him,and will reveal her secrets to him. 4.19. If he goes astray she will forsake him,and hand him over to his ruin. 14.23. He who peers through her windows will also listen at her doors; 15.2. She will come to meet him like a mother,and like the wife of his youth she will welcome him. 15.2. He has not commanded any one to be ungodly,and he has not given any one permission to sin. 15.3. She will feed him with the bread of understanding,and give him the water of wisdom to drink. 24.25. It fills men with wisdom, like the Pishon,and like the Tigris at the time of the first fruits. 24.26. It makes them full of understanding, like the Euphrates,and like the Jordan at harvest time. 24.27. It makes instruction shine forth like light,like the Gihon at the time of vintage. 24.28. Just as the first man did not know her perfectly,the last one has not fathomed her; 24.29. for her thought is more abundant than the sea,and her counsel deeper than the great abyss. 51.19. My soul grappled with wisdom,and in my conduct I was strict;I spread out my hands to the heavens,and lamented my ignorance of her.
15. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 5.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.6. So it was we who strayed from the way of truth,and the light of righteousness did not shine on us,and the sun did not rise upon us.
16. New Testament, John, 6.61, 10.35, 14.6, 17.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.61. But Jesus knowing in himself that his disciples murmured at this, said to them, "Does this cause you to stumble? 10.35. If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture can't be broken) 14.6. Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father, except through me. 17.17. Sanctify them in your truth. Your word is truth.
17. Anon., Mekhilta Derabbi Yishmael, None (2nd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

18. Babylonian Talmud, Berachot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

57a. הא דמסרג הא דלא מסרג הרואה הונא בחלום נס נעשה לו חנינא חנניא יוחנן נסי נסים נעשו לו הרואה הספד בחלום מן השמים חסו עליו ופדאוהו והני מילי בכתבא,העונה יהא שמיה רבא מברך מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא הקורא ק"ש ראוי שתשרה עליו שכינה אלא שאין דורו זכאי לכך,המניח תפילין בחלום יצפה לגדולה שנאמר (דברים כח, י) וראו כל עמי הארץ כי שם י"י נקרא עליך וגו' ותניא רבי אליעזר הגדול אומר אלו תפילין שבראש המתפלל בחלום סימן יפה לו וה"מ דלא סיים,הבא על אמו בחלום יצפה לבינה שנאמר (משלי ב, ג) כי אם לבינה תקרא הבא על נערה מאורסה יצפה לתורה שנאמר (דברים לג, ד) תורה צוה לנו משה מורשה קהלת יעקב אל תקרי מורשה אלא מאורשה הבא על אחותו בחלום יצפה לחכמה שנאמר (משלי ז, ד) אמור לחכמה אחותי את הבא על אשת איש בחלום מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא וה"מ דלא ידע לה ולא הרהר בה מאורתא,א"ר חייא בר אבא הרואה חטים בחלום ראה שלום שנאמר (תהלים קמז, יד) השם גבולך שלום חלב חטים ישביעך הרואה שעורים בחלום סרו עונותיו שנאמר (ישעיהו ו, ז) וסר עונך וחטאתך תכופר אמר רבי זירא אנא לא סלקי מבבל לא"י עד דחזאי שערי בחלמא,הרואה גפן טעונה בחלום אין אשתו מפלת נפלים שנאמר (תהלים קכח, ג) אשתך כגפן פוריה שורקה יצפה למשיח שנאמר (בראשית מט, יא) אוסרי לגפן עירה ולשורקה בני אתונו,הרואה תאנה בחלום תורתו משתמרת בקרבו שנאמר (משלי כז, יח) נוצר תאנה יאכל פריה הרואה רמונים בחלום זוטרי פרי עסקיה כרמונא רברבי רבי עסקיה כרמונא פלגי אם ת"ח הוא יצפה לתורה שנאמר (שיר השירים ח, ב) אשקך מיין הרקח מעסיס רמני ואם ע"ה הוא יצפה למצות שנאמר (שיר השירים ד, ג) כפלח הרמון רקתך מאי רקתך אפילו ריקנין שבך מלאים מצות כרמון,הרואה זיתים בחלום זוטרי פרי ורבי וקאי עסקיה כזיתים וה"מ פרי אבל אילני הויין ליה בנים מרובין שנאמר (תהלים קכח, ג) בניך כשתילי זיתים וגו' איכא דאמרי הרואה זית בחלום שם טוב יוצא לו שנאמר (ירמיהו יא, טז) זית רענן יפה פרי תואר קרא י"י שמך הרואה שמן זית בחלום יצפה למאור תורה שנאמר (שמות כז, כ) ויקחו אליך שמן זית זך הרואה תמרים בחלום תמו עונותיו שנאמר (איכה ד, כב) תם עונך בת ציון,אמר רב יוסף הרואה עז בחלום שנה מתברכת לו עזים שנים מתברכות לו שנאמר (משלי כז, כז) ודי חלב עזים ללחמך הרואה הדס בחלום נכסיו מצליחין לו ואם אין לו נכסים ירושה נופלת לו ממקום אחר אמר עולא ואמרי לה במתניתא תנא והוא דחזא בכנייהו הרואה אתרוג בחלום הדור הוא לפני קונו שנאמר (ויקרא כג, מ) פרי עץ הדר כפות תמרים הרואה לולב בחלום אין לו אלא לב אחד לאביו שבשמים,הרואה אווז בחלום יצפה לחכמה שנאמר (משלי א, כ) חכמות בחוץ תרונה והבא עליה הוי ראש ישיבה אמר רב אשי אני ראיתיה ובאתי עליה וסלקית לגדולה,הרואה תרנגול בחלום יצפה לבן זכר תרנגולים יצפה לבנים זכרים תרנגולת יצפה לתרביצה נאה וגילה הרואה ביצים בחלום תלויה בקשתו נשתברו נעשית בקשתו וכן אגוזים וכן קשואים וכן כל כלי זכוכית וכן כל הנשברים כאלו,הנכנס לכרך נעשו לו חפציו שנאמר (תהלים קז, ל) וינחם אל מחוז חפצם המגלח ראשו בחלום סימן יפה לו ראשו וזקנו לו ולכל משפחתו,היושב בעריבה קטנה שם טוב יוצא לו בעריבה גדולה לו ולכל משפחתו וה"מ דמדליה דלויי,הנפנה בחלום סימן יפה לו שנאמר (ישעיהו נא, יד) מהר צועה להפתח וה"מ דלא קנח,העולה לגג בחלום עולה לגדולה ירד יורד מגדולתו אביי ורבא דאמרי תרווייהו כיון שעלה עלה הקורע בגדיו בחלום קורעים לו גזר דינו העומד ערום בחלום בבבל עומד בלא חטא בארץ ישראל ערום בלא מצות הנתפש לסרדיוט שמירה נעשית לו נתנוהו בקולר הוסיפו לו שמירה על שמירתו וה"מ בקולר אבל חבלא בעלמא לא,הנכנס לאגם בחלום נעשה ראש ישיבה ליער נעשה ראש לבני כלה,רב פפא ורב הונא בריה דרב יהושע חזו חלמא רב פפא דעייל לאגמא נעשה ראש ישיבה רב הונא בריה דרב יהושע דעייל ליער נעשה ראש לבני כלה איכא דאמרי תרווייהו לאגמא עיילי אלא רב פפא דתלי טבלא נעשה ראש ישיבה רב הונא בריה דרב יהושע דלא תלי טבלא נעשה ראש לבני כלה אמר רב אשי אנא עיילית לאגמא ותלאי טבלא ונבחי בה נבוחי,תני תנא קמיה דר"נ בר יצחק המקיז דם בחלום עונותיו מחולין לו,והתניא עונותיו סדורין לו מאי סדורין סדורין לימחל,תני תנא קמיה דרב ששת הרואה נחש בחלום פרנסתו מזומנת לו נשכו נכפלה לו הרגו אבדה פרנסתו אמר ליה רב ששת כל שכן שנכפלה פרנסתו ולא היא רב ששת הוא דחזא חויא בחלמיה וקטליה,תני תנא קמיה דרבי יוחנן כל מיני משקין יפין לחלום חוץ מן היין יש שותהו וטוב לו ויש שותהו ורע לו יש שותהו וטוב לו שנאמר (תהלים קד, טו) ויין ישמח לבב אנוש ויש שותהו ורע לו שנאמר (משלי לא, ו) תנו שכר לאובד ויין למרי נפש,אמר ליה רבי יוחנן לתנא תני תלמיד חכם לעולם טוב לו שנאמר (משלי ט, ה) לכו לחמו בלחמי ושתו ביין מסכתי 57a. bThisopinion, that seeing an elephant is a good omen, refers to a case where one saw bit saddled, while thisopinion, that it is a bad omen, refers to a case where the elephant bis not saddled. One who seesa man named bHuna in a dream,it is a sign that ba miracle will be performed for him,because the letter inunin the name Huna represents the word ines /i, miracle. One who sees a man named bḤanina, Ḥaya, or Yoḥa,it is a sign that bmany miracles will be performed for him,since the letter inunappears twice in those names. One who sees ba eulogy in a dream,it is a sign that bthe heavens had mercy upon him, and spared himfrom a divine death sentence and there will be no need to eulogize him in reality. The Gemara restricts this statement and says that bthis only appliesif he saw the eulogy bwrittenand not yet delivered., bOne who answersin a dream: bMay His great name be blessedfrom ikaddish bis assured that he is onewho has a place in bthe World-to-Come. Onewho sees himself breciting iShema /iin a dream bis worthy of having the Divine Presence rest upon him, but his generation is unworthy,and, therefore, the Divine Presence does not actually rest upon him., bOne whosees himself bdon phylacteries in a dream should anticipate greatness, as it is stated: “And all the peoples of the earth shall see that the name of the Lord is called upon you;and they shall be afraid of you” (Deuteronomy 28:10). bAnd it was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Eliezer the Great says: That the Name of the Lord is called upon you, refers to phylacteries of the head,as they represent God’s name upon man. bOne whosees himself bpray in a dream,it is ban auspicious omen.However, the Gemara adds a caveat and says: bThis only appliesin a case where he saw in the dream that he bhad notyet bfinishedhis prayer and is therefore still close to God. If, in the dream, he had already finished his prayer, it is not an omen., bOne whosees that bhe had relations with his mother [ iem /i] in a dream, he should anticipateattaining bunderstanding, as it is stated: “Yea if [ iim /i] you call for understanding”(Proverbs 2:3), and in this homiletic interpretation iimis considered to be the equivalent of iem /i. bOne whosees that he bhad relations with a betrothed young womanin a dream, bhe should anticipate Torah, as it is stated: “Moses commanded us Torah, an inheritance [ imorasha /i] of the congregation of Jacob”(Deuteronomy 33:4). bDo not readit as imorasha /i; rather,read it as ime’orasa /i, betrothed. One whosees that he bhad relations with his sister in a dream, should anticipate wisdom, as it is stated: “Say unto wisdom: You are my sister”(Proverbs 7:4). bOne whosees that bhe had relations with a married woman in a dream is assured that he is onewho has a place in bthe World-to-Come.He receives his place as well as that of another person in the Garden of Eden, as the married woman represents a portion belonging to someone else. However, the Gemara adds a caveat and says: bThis only appliesin a case where bhe did not know her and was not thinking about her that evening;rather, he saw an unidentified woman in his dream by chance., bRabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba said: One who sees wheat in a dream has seen peace, as it is stated: “He makes your borders peace; He gives you in plenty the fat of wheat”(Psalms 147:14). And bone who sees barley [ ise’orim /i] in a dreamhas received a sign that bhis iniquities are taken away, as it is stated: “And your iniquity is taken away [ ivesar avonekh /i], and your sin expiated”(Isaiah 6:7); ise’orimis an acronym for isar avon /i. bRabbi Zeira said: I did not ascend from Babylonia to Eretz Yisrael until I saw barley in my dream. /b, bOne who sees a vine ladenwith grapes bin a dream,it is an omen that bhis wife will not miscarry, as it is stated: “Your wife shall be as a fruitful vine,in the innermost parts of your house” (Psalms 128:3). One who sees baplanted bvine branchin a dream bshould anticipate the Messiah, as it is stated: “Binding his foal unto the vine and his donkey’s colt unto the vine branch”(Genesis 49:11)., bOne who sees a fig tree in a dream,it is a sign that bhis Torah is preserved within him, as it is stated: “One who keeps the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof”(Proverbs 27:18). bOne who sees pomegranates in a dream,if they were bsmall, his business will flourish like the seeds ofthe bpomegranate,which are numerous; and if they were blarge, his business will increase like a pomegranate.One who saw bslices of pomegranatesin his dream, bif he is a Torah scholar, he should anticipate Torah, as it is stated: “I would cause you to drink of spiced wine, of the juice of my pomegranate”(Song of Songs 8:2), which is traditionally understood as an allusion to Torah. bAnd ifthe dreamer bis an ignoramus, he should anticipate mitzvot,as it is stated: b“Your temples are like a split pomegranate”(Song of Songs 4:3). As the Gemara previously interpreted homiletically: bWhat isthe meaning of the word b“Your temples [ irakatekh /i]”? Even the most ignorant [ ireikanin /i] among you,Israel, bare full of mitzvot like a pomegranate. /b, bOne who sees olives in a dream,and they were bsmall,it is a sign that bhis business will flourish, increase and be durable like olives.However, the Gemara adds a caveat, saying that bthis applies onlywhen he sees the bfruitof an olive tree; bbut,one who sees olive btrees,it is a sign that bhe will have many children, as it is stated: “Your children like olive plants,round about your table” (Psalms 128:3). bSome say that one who sees an olive tree in a dream,it is a sign that ba good reputation will spread for him, as it is stated:“The Lord called your name ba leafy olive tree, fair with goodly fruit”(Jeremiah 11:16). bOne who sees olive oil in a dream should anticipate the light of Torah, as it is stated: “That they bring unto you pure olive oilbeaten for the light” (Exodus 27:20). bOne who sees palm trees [ itemarim /i] in a dreamhas seen a sign that bhis transgressions have ceased, as it is stated: “Your iniquity is finished, O daughter of Zion”(Lamentations 4:22), as the Gemara likens itemara /i, date, to itam ra /i, evil has ceased., bRav Yosef says: One who sees a goat in a dream,it is a sign that bhis year will be blessed;one who sees bgoats, his years will be blessed, as it is stated: “And there will be goats’ milk enough for your food,for the food of your household; and sustece for your maidens” (Proverbs 27:27). bOne who sees myrtle in a dream,it is a sign that bhis property will be successful. And if he does notown bproperty,it is a sign that bhe will receive an inheritance. Ulla said, and some say it was taught in a ibaraita /i: Thisapplies exclusively to a case bwhere he sawthem bon their stem. One who sees a citron [ ietrog /i] in a dreamhas seen a sign that bhe is honored [ ihadur /i] before his Creator, as it is statedwith regard to the citron: b“The fruit of goodly trees [ ihadar /i], branches of palm trees”(Leviticus 23:40). bOne who sees a palm branch [ ilulav /i] in a dream,it is a sign that bhe has but one heart for his Father in heaven. iLulavis interpreted homiletically as ilo lev /i, he has a heart., bOne who sees a goose in a dream should anticipate wisdom, as it is stated: “Wisdoms cry aloud in the streets,she utters her voice in the broad places” (Proverbs 1:20); geese tend to sound their voices. One who dreams that bhe has relations withthe goose bwill become head of the yeshiva. Rav Ashi said: I sawa goose and bhad relations with itin my dream band I ascended to greatnessand became head of the yeshiva., bOne who sees a rooster in a dreamshould anticipate ba male child.One who sees multiple broosters should expect male children.One who sees ba hen [ itarnegolet /i] should anticipate a beautiful garden andreason to brejoice [ itarbitza na’a vegila /i],as itarnegoletis interpreted as an acronym for itarbitza na’a vegila /i. bOne who sees eggs in a dream,it is a sign that bhis request is pending,as egg in Aramaic is ibeya /i, which is similar to the term for request. If one saw that the eggs bbroke,it is a sign that bhis requesthas already been bgranted,as that which was hidden inside the shell was revealed. bThe same is true of nuts, and the same is true of cucumbers, and the same is true of all glass vessels, and the same is true of anything similarly fragilethat broke in his dream, it is a sign that his request was granted., bOnewho dreams that bhe entered a city,it is a sign that bhis desires will be fulfilled, as it is stated: “And He led them unto their desired haven”(Psalms 107:30). bOne who shaves his head in a dream, it is a good omen for him,as the removal of undesired hairs is a sign of renewal and greatness. If he bshaved his head and his beardin a dream, it is a good omen bfor him and his entire family. /b, bOne who sits in a small boatin a dream, it is a sign that ba good reputation will spread for him.If he sees himself sitting bin a large boatin a dream, ba good reputation will spread for him and his entire family.The Gemara notes that bthis only applieswhere bthe boat was floating highon the waves., bOne who defecatesin a dream, bit is a good omen for him, as it is stated: “He that is bent down shall speedily be loosed;and he shall not go down dying into the pit, neither shall his bread fail” (Isaiah 51:14). The Gemara notes that bthis only applieswhere bhe does not wipeand get his hands dirty., bOne who climbs up to the roof in a dream,it is a sign that bhe will ascend to greatness.If, after he climbed up, bhe climbedback bdown,it is a sign that he bwill descend fromthe bgreatness heachieved. bAbaye and Rava both said: Once one ascendedto the roof in his dream, bhe ascended,and even if he dreams that he descended, it remains a good omen for him. bOne who rips his clothing in a dream,it is a sign that they brip up his sentence. One who stands naked in Babylonia in a dream,it is a sign that bhe stands free of transgression.Although living outside Israel is itself a transgression, his nakedness symbolizes that he has been absolved of that sin. If one dreamed that he stood naked bin Eretz Yisrael,it is a sign that he is bnaked without mitzvot. Onewho dreams that bhe was apprehendedand guarded bby a soldier [ isardeyot /i],it is a sign that bprotection was provided himby heaven. If he sees that bhe is wearing a neck chain [ ikolar /i],it is a sign that bthey have increased his level of protection.However, the Gemara notes that bthis only appliesto a case where his neck was placed bin a neck chain; ifhis neck was bsimplyplaced in ba noose, it does notindicate heavenly protection., bOne who enters a marsh in a dream,it is a sign that bhe will become head of a yeshiva,as he appears to be standing alone with all the bulrushes, large and small, surrounding him like the head of a yeshiva, around whom all the students gather. One who dreams that he entered ba forestand sees only large trees around him, it is a sign that he bwill be made head ofonly bthe advanced students [ ikalla /i],where he will explain the lessons only to the outstanding students in the yeshiva, each of whom is himself a great tree, set apart from the others.,The Gemara relates: bRav Pappa and Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua,each bsaw a dream: Rav Pappa,who saw bthat he entered a marshin his dream, bwas appointed head of a yeshiva. Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua,who saw bthat he entered a forestin his dream, bwas appointed head of the advanced students. Some say that both of themdreamed that bthey entered a marsh,but bRav Pappa,who dreamed bthat a drum hungfrom his neck, bwas appointed head of the yeshiva,as banging a drum symbolizes the head of a yeshiva who sounds his voice in public. bRav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua,who bdid notdream bthat a drum hung aroundhis neck, bwasonly bappointed head of the advanced students. Rav Ashi said: Idreamed that bI entered a marsh and hung a drum and beat it,and Rav Ashi became head of the yeshiva.,The itanna /iwho recited imishnayot bbefore Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak taught: One who lets blood in a dream,it is a sign that bhis transgressions have been forgiven,because red, the color of blood, is a metaphor for sin: “Though your sins be as scarlet…though they be red like crimson” (Isaiah 1:18). Consequently, bloodletting can symbolize transgressions leaving him.,The Gemara asks: bWas it not taughtin a ibaraita /i: One who sees that he is letting-blood in a dream, it is a sign that bhis transgressions are enumerated before him?The Gemara answers: bWhatis meant by benumerated?This means that they are benumerated to be forgiven. /b,The itanna /iwho recited imishnayot bbefore Rav Sheshet taught: One who sees a snake in a dream,it is a sign that bhis livelihood is accessible to himjust as dust is readily accessible to a snake. If one saw that the snake bbit himin his dream, it is a sign that his livelihood bwill double.If bhe killedthe snake, it is a sign that bhe will lose his livelihood. Rav Sheshet said tothe itanna /i: On the contrary, if one dreamed that he killed the snake it is a sign that ball the more so his livelihood will double.The Gemara remarks: bBut that is not so. Rav Sheshet saw a snake in his dream and killed it,so he sought to interpret his dream positively.,The itanna /iwho recited imishnayot bbefore Rabbi Yoḥa taught: One who sees any kind of drink in a dream it isa bgoodomen, bexcept for wine,as bthere isone bwho drinks itin a dream band it isa bgoodomen bfor him, and there isone bwho drinks itin a dream band it isa bbadomen bfor him.The Gemara elaborates: bThere isone bwho drinkswine band it isa bgoodomen bfor him, as it is stated: “And wine that makes glad the heart of man”(Psalms 104:15), band there isone bwho drinks itin a dream band it isa bbadomen bfor him, as it is stated: “Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish and wine unto the bitter in soul”(Proverbs 31:6)., bRabbi Yoḥa said to the itanna: /iYou should bteachthat for ba Torah scholar,a dream of wine is balwaysa bgoodomen, bas it is stated: “Come, eat of my bread and drink of the wine which I have mingled”(Proverbs 9:5).


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 64
admonition Merz and Tieleman, Ambrosiaster's Political Theology (2012) 157
ahmet Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
aphrodite Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 185, 244
artemidorus Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
babylonia Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
batavians, ben sira, book of Merz and Tieleman, Ambrosiaster's Political Theology (2012) 157
bible (hebrew bible and/or new testament) Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
children/offspring, as addressees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
covenant Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
deeds, of truth/righteousness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
deuteronomy (book) Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
devotion Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
dream Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
ecclesiastes, book of Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 64
education, pedagogy Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
eroticism Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 244
ethical education, in book of proverbs Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
ethical education, judaism Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
exhortation Merz and Tieleman, Ambrosiaster's Political Theology (2012) 157
fear of god Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 64
fertility (cults) Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 185
god, most high Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
goodness eschatological reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
heart Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
hearts, double hearted Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
hearts, whole Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
heir, royal Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 185
image vi Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
instruction/teaching, paths of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
interpretation—see also midrash Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
judaism Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
justice Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
life Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
love, of god Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
memorization Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
metaphor, metaphorical language Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 185
metaphysical vulnerability Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 64
midrash/midrashim Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
omina Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
orality Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
order Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
palestine Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
patriarchs, texts Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
prayer Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
prophecy, prophets, prophetic books Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 185, 244
prophets, jewish, educational methods in Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
prophets, jewish, instruction genre in Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
prophets, jewish, proverb genre in Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
prophets, jewish, proverbs, book of Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
protagoras, proverbs, book of Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 64
qumran/qumran community Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
recital, recitation Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
repetition Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
revelation Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
righteousness/piety/truth, truth as righteousness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
seneca Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
shema Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
shimon ben yohai (rabbi) Balberg, Fractured Tablets: Forgetfulness and Fallibility in Late Ancient Rabbinic Culture (2023) 181
sinai, mount Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378
song of songs Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 185
sophia Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 244
sumer(ians) Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 185
talmud Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
testamentary Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
torah Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34; Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 378; Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
ways/paths, of goodness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
ways/paths, of righteousness/truth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
wisdom, in ecclesiastes Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 64
wisdom, in proverbs Legaspi, Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition (2018) 64
wisdom, wisdom literature, educational method' Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
wisdom, wisdom literature Damm, Religions and Education in Antiquity (2018) 34
wisdom Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168; Weissenrieder, Borders: Terminologies, Ideologies, and Performances (2016) 434
wisdom (female) Nissinen and Uro, Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity (2008) 244
wisdom literature, near eastern wisdom tradition Merz and Tieleman, Ambrosiaster's Political Theology (2012) 157
wisdom literature Burton, Dionysus and Rome: Religion and Literature (2009) 28