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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6290
Hebrew Bible, Job, 15.14-15.16


מָה־אֱנוֹשׁ כִּי־יִזְכֶּה וְכִי־יִצְדַּק יְלוּד אִשָּׁה׃What is man, that he should be clean? And he that is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?


הֵן בקדשו [בִּקְדֹשָׁיו] לֹא יַאֲמִין וְשָׁמַיִם לֹא־זַכּוּ בְעֵינָיו׃Behold, He putteth no trust in His holy ones; Yea, the heavens are not clean in His sight.


אַף כִּי־נִתְעָב וְנֶאֱלָח אִישׁ־שֹׁתֶה כַמַּיִם עַוְלָה׃How much less one that is abominable and impure, Man who drinketh iniquity like water! .


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 3.2, 6.1-6.9, 7.1, 7.9-7.11, 8.3, 8.6, 11.14, 12.6, 12.12, 12.15-12.16, 13.2-13.5, 13.7, 13.10-13.13, 13.16 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.2. Then the young man went down to wash himself. A fish leaped up from the river and would have swallowed the young man; 6.6. Then the young man said to the angel, "Brother Azarias, of what use is the liver and heart and gall of the fish? 6.7. He replied, "As for the heart and liver, if a demon or evil spirit gives trouble to any one, you make a smoke from these before the man or woman, and that person will never be troubled again. 6.9. When they approached Ecbatana 7.1. When they reached Ecbatana and arrived at the house of Raguel, Sarah met them and greeted them. They returned her greeting, and she brought them into the house. 7.10. for it is your right to take my child. But let me explain the true situation to you. 7.11. I have given my daughter to seven husbands, and when each came to her he died in the night. But for the present be merry." And Tobias said, "I will eat nothing here until you make a binding agreement with me. 8.3. And when the demon smelled the odor he fled to the remotest parts of Egypt, and the angel bound him. 8.6. Thou madest Adam and gavest him Eve his wife as a helper and support.From them the race of mankind has sprung.Thou didst say, `It is not good that the man should be alone;let us make a helper for him like himself. 11.14. Then he saw his son and embraced him, and he wept and said, "Blessed art thou, O God, and blessed is thy name for ever, and blessed are all thy holy angels. 12.6. Then the angel called the two of them privately and said to them: "Praise God and give thanks to him; exalt him and give thanks to him in the presence of all the living for what he has done for you. It is good to praise God and to exalt his name, worthily declaring the works of God. Do not be slow to give him thanks. 12.12. And so, when you and your daughter-in-law Sarah prayed, I brought a reminder of your prayer before the Holy One; and when you buried the dead, I was likewise present with you. 12.15. I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels who present the prayers of the saints and enter into the presence of the glory of the Holy One. 12.16. They were both alarmed; and they fell upon their faces, for they were afraid. 13.2. For he afflicts, and he shows mercy;he leads down to Hades, and brings up again,and there is no one who can escape his hand. 13.3. Acknowledge him before the nations, O sons of Israel;for he has scattered us among them. 13.4. Make his greatness known there,and exalt him in the presence of all the living;because he is our Lord and God,he is our Father for ever. 13.5. He will afflict us for our iniquities;and again he will show mercy,and will gather us from all the nations among whom you have been scattered. 13.7. I exalt my God;my soul exalts the King of heaven,and will rejoice in his majesty. 13.10. Give thanks worthily to the Lord,and praise the King of the ages,that his tent may be raised for you again with joy. May he cheer those within you who are captives,and love those within you who are distressed,to all generations for ever. 13.11. Many nations will come from afar to the name of the Lord God,bearing gifts in their hands, gifts for the King of heaven. Generations of generations will give you joyful praise. 13.12. Cursed are all who hate you;blessed for ever will be all who love you. 13.13. Rejoice and be glad for the sons of the righteous;for they will be gathered together,and will praise the Lord of the righteous. 13.16. For Jerusalem will be built with sapphires and emeralds,her walls with precious stones,and her towers and battlements with pure gold.
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 3.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.19. בְּזֵעַת אַפֶּיךָ תֹּאכַל לֶחֶם עַד שׁוּבְךָ אֶל־הָאֲדָמָה כִּי מִמֶּנָּה לֻקָּחְתָּ כִּי־עָפָר אַתָּה וְאֶל־עָפָר תָּשׁוּב׃ 3.19. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken; for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.’"
3. Hebrew Bible, Job, 1.6-1.8, 4.17-4.19, 5.1, 5.8, 5.18, 11.8-11.9, 14.1, 14.3, 15.15-15.16, 22.18, 23.8-23.9, 25.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.6. וַיְהִי הַיּוֹם וַיָּבֹאוּ בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים לְהִתְיַצֵּב עַל־יְהוָה וַיָּבוֹא גַם־הַשָּׂטָן בְּתוֹכָם׃ 1.7. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־הַשָּׂטָן מֵאַיִן תָּבֹא וַיַּעַן הַשָּׂטָן אֶת־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר מִשּׁוּט בָּאָרֶץ וּמֵהִתְהַלֵּךְ בָּהּ׃ 1.8. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־הַשָּׂטָן הֲשַׂמְתָּ לִבְּךָ עַל־עַבְדִּי אִיּוֹב כִּי אֵין כָּמֹהוּ בָּאָרֶץ אִישׁ תָּם וְיָשָׁר יְרֵא אֱלֹהִים וְסָר מֵרָע׃ 4.17. הַאֱנוֹשׁ מֵאֱלוֹהַ יִצְדָּק אִם מֵעֹשֵׂהוּ יִטְהַר־גָּבֶר׃ 4.18. הֵן בַּעֲבָדָיו לֹא יַאֲמִין וּבְמַלְאָכָיו יָשִׂים תָּהֳלָה׃ 4.19. אַף שֹׁכְנֵי בָתֵּי־חֹמֶר אֲשֶׁר־בֶּעָפָר יְסוֹדָם יְדַכְּאוּם לִפְנֵי־עָשׁ׃ 5.1. קְרָא־נָא הֲיֵשׁ עוֹנֶךָּ וְאֶל־מִי מִקְּדֹשִׁים תִּפְנֶה׃ 5.1. הַנֹּתֵן מָטָר עַל־פְּנֵי־אָרֶץ וְשֹׁלֵחַ מַיִם עַל־פְּנֵי חוּצוֹת׃ 5.18. כִּי הוּא יַכְאִיב וְיֶחְבָּשׁ יִמְחַץ וידו [וְיָדָיו] תִּרְפֶּינָה׃ 11.8. גָּבְהֵי שָׁמַיִם מַה־תִּפְעָל עֲמֻקָּה מִשְּׁאוֹל מַה־תֵּדָע׃ 11.9. אֲרֻכָּה מֵאֶרֶץ מִדָּהּ וּרְחָבָה מִנִּי־יָם׃ 14.1. וְגֶבֶר יָמוּת וַיֶּחֱלָשׁ וַיִּגְוַע אָדָם וְאַיּוֹ׃ 14.1. אָדָם יְלוּד אִשָּׁה קְצַר יָמִים וּשְׂבַע־רֹגֶז׃ 15.15. הֵן בקדשו [בִּקְדֹשָׁיו] לֹא יַאֲמִין וְשָׁמַיִם לֹא־זַכּוּ בְעֵינָיו׃ 23.8. הֵן קֶדֶם אֶהֱלֹךְ וְאֵינֶנּוּ וְאָחוֹר וְלֹא־אָבִין לוֹ׃ 1.6. Now it fell upon a day, that the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them." 1.7. And the LORD said unto Satan: ‘Whence comest thou?’ Then Satan answered the LORD, and said: ‘From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.’" 1.8. And the LORD said unto Satan: ‘Hast thou considered My servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a whole-hearted and an upright man, one that feareth God, and shunneth evil?’" 4.17. ’Shall mortal man be just before God? Shall a man be pure before his Maker?" 4.18. Behold, He putteth no trust in His servants, And His angels He chargeth with folly;" 4.19. How much more them that dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed before the moth!" 5.1. Call now; is there any that will answer thee? And to which of the holy ones wilt thou turn?" 5.18. For He maketh sore, and bindeth up; He woundeth, and His hands make whole." 11.8. It is high as heaven; what canst thou do? Deeper than the nether-world; what canst thou know?" 11.9. The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea." 14.1. Man that is born of a woman Is of few days, and full of trouble." 15.15. Behold, He putteth no trust in His holy ones; Yea, the heavens are not clean in His sight." 23.8. Behold, I go forward, but He is not there, And backward, but I cannot perceive Him;"
4. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 8.4-8.5, 51.4, 51.7, 144.3-144.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

8.4. כִּי־אֶרְאֶה שָׁמֶיךָ מַעֲשֵׂי אֶצְבְּעֹתֶיךָ יָרֵחַ וְכוֹכָבִים אֲשֶׁר כּוֹנָנְתָּה׃ 8.5. מָה־אֱנוֹשׁ כִּי־תִזְכְּרֶנּוּ וּבֶן־אָדָם כִּי תִפְקְדֶנּוּ׃ 51.4. הרבה [הֶרֶב] כַּבְּסֵנִי מֵעֲוֺנִי וּמֵחַטָּאתִי טַהֲרֵנִי׃ 51.7. הֵן־בְּעָווֹן חוֹלָלְתִּי וּבְחֵטְא יֶחֱמַתְנִי אִמִּי׃ 144.3. יְהוָה מָה־אָדָם וַתֵּדָעֵהוּ בֶּן־אֱנוֹשׁ וַתְּחַשְּׁבֵהוּ׃ 144.4. אָדָם לַהֶבֶל דָּמָה יָמָיו כְּצֵל עוֹבֵר׃ 8.4. When I behold Thy heavens, the work of Thy fingers, The moon and the stars, which Thou hast established;" 8.5. What is man, that Thou art mindful of him? And the son of man, that Thou thinkest of him?" 51.4. Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, And cleanse me from my sin." 51.7. Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me." 144.3. LORD, what is man, that Thou takest knowledge of him? Or the son of man, that Thou makest account of him?" 144.4. Man is like unto a breath; His days are as a shadow that passeth away."
5. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 11.19, 18.31, 36.25 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

11.19. וְנָתַתִּי לָהֶם לֵב אֶחָד וְרוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וַהֲסִרֹתִי לֵב הָאֶבֶן מִבְּשָׂרָם וְנָתַתִּי לָהֶם לֵב בָּשָׂר׃ 18.31. הַשְׁלִיכוּ מֵעֲלֵיכֶם אֶת־כָּל־פִּשְׁעֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר פְּשַׁעְתֶּם בָּם וַעֲשׂוּ לָכֶם לֵב חָדָשׁ וְרוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה וְלָמָּה תָמֻתוּ בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 36.25. וְזָרַקְתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם מַיִם טְהוֹרִים וּטְהַרְתֶּם מִכֹּל טֻמְאוֹתֵיכֶם וּמִכָּל־גִּלּוּלֵיכֶם אֲטַהֵר אֶתְכֶם׃ 11.19. And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh;" 18.31. Cast away from you all your transgressions, wherein ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?" 36.25. And I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean; from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you."
6. Septuagint, Tobit, 3.2, 6.1-6.9, 7.1, 7.9-7.11, 8.3, 8.6, 11.14, 12.6, 12.12, 12.15-12.16, 13.2-13.5, 13.7, 13.10-13.13, 13.16 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.1. Now as they proceeded on their way they came at evening to the Tigris river and camped there. 6.2. Then the young man went down to wash himself. A fish leaped up from the river and would have swallowed the young man; 6.6. Then the young man said to the angel, "Brother Azarias, of what use is the liver and heart and gall of the fish? 6.7. He replied, "As for the heart and liver, if a demon or evil spirit gives trouble to any one, you make a smoke from these before the man or woman, and that person will never be troubled again. 6.9. When they approached Ecbatana 7.1. When they reached Ecbatana and arrived at the house of Raguel, Sarah met them and greeted them. They returned her greeting, and she brought them into the house. 7.9. So he communicated the proposal to Raguel. And Raguel said to Tobias, "Eat, drink, and be merry; 7.10. for it is your right to take my child. But let me explain the true situation to you. 7.11. I have given my daughter to seven husbands, and when each came to her he died in the night. But for the present be merry." And Tobias said, "I will eat nothing here until you make a binding agreement with me. 8.3. And when the demon smelled the odor he fled to the remotest parts of Egypt, and the angel bound him. 8.6. Thou madest Adam and gavest him Eve his wife as a helper and support.From them the race of mankind has sprung.Thou didst say, `It is not good that the man should be alone;let us make a helper for him like himself. 11.14. Then he saw his son and embraced him, and he wept and said, "Blessed art thou, O God, and blessed is thy name for ever, and blessed are all thy holy angels. 12.6. Then the angel called the two of them privately and said to them: "Praise God and give thanks to him; exalt him and give thanks to him in the presence of all the living for what he has done for you. It is good to praise God and to exalt his name, worthily declaring the works of God. Do not be slow to give him thanks. 12.12. And so, when you and your daughter-in-law Sarah prayed, I brought a reminder of your prayer before the Holy One; and when you buried the dead, I was likewise present with you. 12.15. I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels who present the prayers of the saints and enter into the presence of the glory of the Holy One. 12.16. They were both alarmed; and they fell upon their faces, for they were afraid. 13.2. For he afflicts, and he shows mercy;he leads down to Hades, and brings up again,and there is no one who can escape his hand. 13.3. Acknowledge him before the nations, O sons of Israel;for he has scattered us among them. 13.4. Make his greatness known there,and exalt him in the presence of all the living;because he is our Lord and God,he is our Father for ever. 13.5. He will afflict us for our iniquities;and again he will show mercy,and will gather us from all the nations among whom you have been scattered. 13.7. I exalt my God;my soul exalts the King of heaven,and will rejoice in his majesty. 13.10. Give thanks worthily to the Lord,and praise the King of the ages,that his tent may be raised for you again with joy. May he cheer those within you who are captives,and love those within you who are distressed,to all generations for ever. 13.11. Many nations will come from afar to the name of the Lord God,bearing gifts in their hands, gifts for the King of heaven. Generations of generations will give you joyful praise. 13.12. Cursed are all who hate you;blessed for ever will be all who love you. 13.13. Rejoice and be glad for the sons of the righteous;for they will be gathered together,and will praise the Lord of the righteous. 13.16. For Jerusalem will be built with sapphires and emeralds,her walls with precious stones,and her towers and battlements with pure gold.
7. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 3.13-4.26, 11.6, 11.7, 11.9, 11.10, 11.11, 11.12, 11.13, 11.14, 11.15, 11.21 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam, joy of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
adam, pardoning of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
angelology Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
angels of the divine presence, in job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
angels of the divine presence, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
anthropological Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
anthropology Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
atonement Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
belial Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 529
body-soul Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
constitutional impurity Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525, 529
cult Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
day, cosmic ordering, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
dreams and visions, examples, hebrew bible Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 126
dreams and visions, examples, homer Moxon, Peter's Halakhic Nightmare: The 'Animal' Vision of Acts 10:9–16 in Jewish and Graeco-Roman Perspective (2017) 126
dualism Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15; Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
eschatology Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 529
family, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
gabriel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
genealogical impurity Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
god, word of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
heaven, third Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
high priest Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525, 529
holiness of god Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
holy spirit Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 529
human, condition Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
human, nature Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
human being Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
image of god Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
immortality Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
impurity, purity Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 85
inclination Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
israel Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
job, book of, epilogue Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
job, book of, prologue Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
joy, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
joy Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
levites Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
michael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
moral impurity Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525, 529
nation Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
nature, human Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
niedrigkeitsdoxologie Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 85
obedience Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
pain, suffering, job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
pain, suffering, tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
patriarchal, age Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
pharaoh Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
physical Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
prayer Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
priest Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
proselytes Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
purification Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 529
raphael, functions of Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
raphael, hired Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
restoration, dominion, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
restoration Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
revelation Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
ritual-physical impurity Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525, 529
sarah Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
sin' Nihan and Frevel, Purity and the Forming of Religious Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Ancient Judaism (2013) 525
soul Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
spirit Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 15
throne Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
tobit, story Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
trials, provocations, job Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
uriel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
wise man, raphael Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91
yhwh, in tobit Toloni, The Story of Tobit: A Comparative Literary Analysis (2022) 91