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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



6289
Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 29.10


nanFor thus saith the LORD: After seventy years are accomplished for Babylon, I will remember you, and perform My good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

53 results
1. Septuagint, 1 Esdras, 6.30 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.30. and likewise wheat and salt and wine and oil, regularly every year, without quibbling, for daily use as the priests in Jerusalem may indicate
2. Septuagint, Tobit, 13.5, 13.13, 14.5 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

13.5. He will afflict us for our iniquities;and again he will show mercy,and will gather us from all the nations among whom you have been scattered. 13.13. Rejoice and be glad for the sons of the righteous;for they will be gathered together,and will praise the Lord of the righteous. 14.5. But God will again have mercy on them, and bring them back into their land; and they will rebuild the house of God, though it will not be like the former one until the times of the age are completed. After this they will return from the places of their captivity, and will rebuild Jerusalem in splendor. And the house of God will be rebuilt there with a glorious building for all generations for ever, just as the prophets said of it.
3. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 1.39, 12.12, 28.49, 30.1-30.5, 33.2, 33.5, 33.26 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.39. וְטַפְּכֶם אֲשֶׁר אֲמַרְתֶּם לָבַז יִהְיֶה וּבְנֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָדְעוּ הַיּוֹם טוֹב וָרָע הֵמָּה יָבֹאוּ שָׁמָּה וְלָהֶם אֶתְּנֶנָּה וְהֵם יִירָשׁוּהָּ׃ 12.12. וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אַתֶּם וּבְנֵיכֶם וּבְנֹתֵיכֶם וְעַבְדֵיכֶם וְאַמְהֹתֵיכֶם וְהַלֵּוִי אֲשֶׁר בְּשַׁעֲרֵיכֶם כִּי אֵין לוֹ חֵלֶק וְנַחֲלָה אִתְּכֶם׃ 28.49. יִשָּׂא יְהוָה עָלֶיךָ גּוֹי מֵרָחוֹק מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ כַּאֲשֶׁר יִדְאֶה הַנָּשֶׁר גּוֹי אֲשֶׁר לֹא־תִשְׁמַע לְשֹׁנוֹ׃ 30.1. וְהָיָה כִי־יָבֹאוּ עָלֶיךָ כָּל־הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה הַבְּרָכָה וְהַקְּלָלָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ וַהֲשֵׁבֹתָ אֶל־לְבָבֶךָ בְּכָל־הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הִדִּיחֲךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שָׁמָּה׃ 30.1. כִּי תִשְׁמַע בְּקוֹל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לִשְׁמֹר מִצְוֺתָיו וְחֻקֹּתָיו הַכְּתוּבָה בְּסֵפֶר הַתּוֹרָה הַזֶּה כִּי תָשׁוּב אֶל־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשֶׁךָ׃ 30.2. לְאַהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לִשְׁמֹעַ בְּקֹלוֹ וּלְדָבְקָה־בוֹ כִּי הוּא חַיֶּיךָ וְאֹרֶךְ יָמֶיךָ לָשֶׁבֶת עַל־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע יְהוָה לַאֲבֹתֶיךָ לְאַבְרָהָם לְיִצְחָק וּלְיַעֲקֹב לָתֵת לָהֶם׃ 30.2. וְשַׁבְתָּ עַד־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וְשָׁמַעְתָּ בְקֹלוֹ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם אַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשֶׁךָ׃ 30.3. וְשָׁב יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶת־שְׁבוּתְךָ וְרִחֲמֶךָ וְשָׁב וְקִבֶּצְךָ מִכָּל־הָעַמִּים אֲשֶׁר הֱפִיצְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שָׁמָּה׃ 30.4. אִם־יִהְיֶה נִדַּחֲךָ בִּקְצֵה הַשָּׁמָיִם מִשָּׁם יְקַבֶּצְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וּמִשָּׁם יִקָּחֶךָ׃ 30.5. וֶהֱבִיאֲךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָרְשׁוּ אֲבֹתֶיךָ וִירִשְׁתָּהּ וְהֵיטִבְךָ וְהִרְבְּךָ מֵאֲבֹתֶיךָ׃ 33.2. וַיֹּאמַר יְהוָה מִסִּינַי בָּא וְזָרַח מִשֵּׂעִיר לָמוֹ הוֹפִיעַ מֵהַר פָּארָן וְאָתָה מֵרִבְבֹת קֹדֶשׁ מִימִינוֹ אשדת [אֵשׁ] [דָּת] לָמוֹ׃ 33.2. וּלְגָד אָמַר בָּרוּךְ מַרְחִיב גָּד כְּלָבִיא שָׁכֵן וְטָרַף זְרוֹעַ אַף־קָדְקֹד׃ 33.5. וַיְהִי בִישֻׁרוּן מֶלֶךְ בְּהִתְאַסֵּף רָאשֵׁי עָם יַחַד שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 33.26. אֵין כָּאֵל יְשֻׁרוּן רֹכֵב שָׁמַיִם בְעֶזְרֶךָ וּבְגַאֲוָתוֹ שְׁחָקִים׃ 1.39. Moreover your little ones, that ye said should be a prey, and your children, that this day have no knowledge of good or evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it." 12.12. And ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God, ye, and your sons, and your daughters, and your men-servants, and your maid-servants, and the Levite that is within your gates, forasmuch as he hath no portion nor inheritance with you." 28.49. The LORD will bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as the vulture swoopeth down; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand;" 30.1. And it shall come to pass, when all these things are come upon thee, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before thee, and thou shalt bethink thyself among all the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath driven thee," 30.2. and shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and hearken to His voice according to all that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul;" 30.3. that then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the peoples, whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee." 30.4. If any of thine that are dispersed be in the uttermost parts of heaven, from thence will the LORD thy God gather thee, and from thence will He fetch thee." 30.5. And the LORD thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and He will do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers. ." 33.2. And he said: The LORD came from Sinai, And rose from Seir unto them; He shined forth from mount Paran, And He came from the myriads holy, At His right hand was a fiery law unto them." 33.5. And there was a king in Jeshurun, When the heads of the people were gathered, All the tribes of Israel together." 33.26. There is none like unto God, O Jeshurun, Who rideth upon the heaven as thy help, And in His excellency on the skies."
4. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 1.5, 14.15, 24.9 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.5. וַיְהִי כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ יֹצְאֵי יֶרֶךְ־יַעֲקֹב שִׁבְעִים נָפֶשׁ וְיוֹסֵף הָיָה בְמִצְרָיִם׃ 14.15. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה מַה־תִּצְעַק אֵלָי דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיִסָּעוּ׃ 24.9. וַיַּעַל מֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן נָדָב וַאֲבִיהוּא וְשִׁבְעִים מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 1.5. And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls; and Joseph was in Egypt already." 14.15. And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Wherefore criest thou unto Me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward." 24.9. Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel;"
5. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 2.9, 10.31, 11.7-11.9 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.9. וַיַּצְמַח יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מִן־הָאֲדָמָה כָּל־עֵץ נֶחְמָד לְמַרְאֶה וְטוֹב לְמַאֲכָל וְעֵץ הַחַיִּים בְּתוֹךְ הַגָּן וְעֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע׃ 10.31. אֵלֶּה בְנֵי־שֵׁם לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם לִלְשֹׁנֹתָם בְּאַרְצֹתָם לְגוֹיֵהֶם׃ 11.7. הָבָה נֵרְדָה וְנָבְלָה שָׁם שְׂפָתָם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִשְׁמְעוּ אִישׁ שְׂפַת רֵעֵהוּ׃ 11.8. וַיָּפֶץ יְהוָה אֹתָם מִשָּׁם עַל־פְּנֵי כָל־הָאָרֶץ וַיַּחְדְּלוּ לִבְנֹת הָעִיר׃ 11.9. עַל־כֵּן קָרָא שְׁמָהּ בָּבֶל כִּי־שָׁם בָּלַל יְהוָה שְׂפַת כָּל־הָאָרֶץ וּמִשָּׁם הֱפִיצָם יְהוָה עַל־פְּנֵי כָּל־הָאָרֶץ׃ 2.9. And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil." 10.31. These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations." 11.7. Come, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.’" 11.8. So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth; and they left off to build the city." 11.9. Therefore was the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there aconfound the language of all the earth; and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth."
6. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 11.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

11.1. אַחֲרֵי יְהוָה יֵלְכוּ כְּאַרְיֵה יִשְׁאָג כִּי־הוּא יִשְׁאַג וְיֶחֶרְדוּ בָנִים מִיָּם׃ 11.1. כִּי נַעַר יִשְׂרָאֵל וָאֹהֲבֵהוּ וּמִמִּצְרַיִם קָרָאתִי לִבְנִי׃ 11.1. When Israel was a child, then I loved him, And out of Egypt I called My son."
7. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 18.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

18.19. וְאֶל־אִשָּׁה בְּנִדַּת טֻמְאָתָהּ לֹא תִקְרַב לְגַלּוֹת עֶרְוָתָהּ׃ 18.19. And thou shalt not approach unto a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is impure by her uncleanness."
8. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 5.6, 5.12, 11.16, 15.38, 29.12-29.34, 31.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5.6. דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אִישׁ אוֹ־אִשָּׁה כִּי יַעֲשׂוּ מִכָּל־חַטֹּאת הָאָדָם לִמְעֹל מַעַל בַּיהוָה וְאָשְׁמָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא׃ 5.12. דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אִישׁ אִישׁ כִּי־תִשְׂטֶה אִשְׁתּוֹ וּמָעֲלָה בוֹ מָעַל׃ 11.16. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה אֶסְפָה־לִּי שִׁבְעִים אִישׁ מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר יָדַעְתָּ כִּי־הֵם זִקְנֵי הָעָם וְשֹׁטְרָיו וְלָקַחְתָּ אֹתָם אֶל־אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וְהִתְיַצְּבוּ שָׁם עִמָּךְ׃ 15.38. דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם וְעָשׂוּ לָהֶם צִיצִת עַל־כַּנְפֵי בִגְדֵיהֶם לְדֹרֹתָם וְנָתְנוּ עַל־צִיצִת הַכָּנָף פְּתִיל תְּכֵלֶת׃ 29.12. וּבַחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר יוֹם לַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם כָּל־מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ וְחַגֹּתֶם חַג לַיהוָה שִׁבְעַת יָמִים׃ 29.13. וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם עֹלָה אִשֵּׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהוָה פָּרִים בְּנֵי־בָקָר שְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם יִהְיוּ׃ 29.14. וּמִנְחָתָם סֹלֶת בְּלוּלָה בַשָּׁמֶן שְׁלֹשָׁה עֶשְׂרֹנִים לַפָּר הָאֶחָד לִשְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר פָּרִים שְׁנֵי עֶשְׂרֹנִים לָאַיִל הָאֶחָד לִשְׁנֵי הָאֵילִם׃ 29.15. וְעִשָּׂרוֹן עִשָּׂרוֹן לַכֶּבֶשׂ הָאֶחָד לְאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר כְּבָשִׂים׃ 29.16. וּשְׂעִיר־עִזִּים אֶחָד חַטָּאת מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד מִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּהּ׃ 29.17. וּבַיּוֹם הַשֵּׁנִי פָּרִים בְּנֵי־בָקָר שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם׃ 29.18. וּמִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט׃ 29.19. וּשְׂעִיר־עִזִּים אֶחָד חַטָּאת מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד וּמִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם׃ 29.21. וּמִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט׃ 29.22. וּשְׂעִיר חַטָּאת אֶחָד מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד וּמִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּהּ׃ 29.23. וּבַיּוֹם הָרְבִיעִי פָּרִים עֲשָׂרָה אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם׃ 29.24. מִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט׃ 29.25. וּשְׂעִיר־עִזִּים אֶחָד חַטָּאת מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד מִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּהּ׃ 29.26. וּבַיּוֹם הַחֲמִישִׁי פָּרִים תִּשְׁעָה אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם׃ 29.27. וּמִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט׃ 29.28. וּשְׂעִיר חַטָּאת אֶחָד מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד וּמִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּהּ׃ 29.29. וּבַיּוֹם הַשִּׁשִּׁי פָּרִים שְׁמֹנָה אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם׃ 29.31. וּשְׂעִיר חַטָּאת אֶחָד מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד מִנְחָתָהּ וּנְסָכֶיהָ׃ 29.32. וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי פָּרִים שִׁבְעָה אֵילִם שְׁנָיִם כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־שָׁנָה אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר תְּמִימִם׃ 29.33. וּמִנְחָתָם וְנִסְכֵּהֶם לַפָּרִים לָאֵילִם וְלַכְּבָשִׂים בְּמִסְפָּרָם כְּמִשְׁפָּטָם׃ 29.34. וּשְׂעִיר חַטָּאת אֶחָד מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד מִנְחָתָהּ וְנִסְכָּהּ׃ 31.17. וְעַתָּה הִרְגוּ כָל־זָכָר בַּטָּף וְכָל־אִשָּׁה יֹדַעַת אִישׁ לְמִשְׁכַּב זָכָר הֲרֹגוּ׃ 5.6. Speak unto the children of Israel: When a man or woman shall commit any sin that men commit, to commit a trespass against the LORD, and that soul be guilty;" 5.12. Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: If any man’s wife go aside, and act unfaithfully against him," 11.16. And the LORD said unto Moses: ‘Gather unto Me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tent of meeting, that they may stand there with thee." 15.38. ’Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them throughout their generations fringes in the corners of their garments, and that they put with the fringe of each corner a thread of blue." 29.12. And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month ye shall have a holy convocation: ye shall do no manner of servile work, and ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days;" 29.13. and ye shall present a burnt-offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD: thirteen young bullocks, two rams, fourteen he-lambs of the first year; they shall be without blemish;" 29.14. and their meal-offering, fine flour mingled with oil, three tenth parts for every bullock of the thirteen bullocks, two tenth parts for each ram of the two rams," 29.15. and a several tenth part for every lamb of the fourteen lambs;" 29.16. and one he-goat for a sin-offering beside the continual burnt-offering, the meal-offering thereof, and the drink-offering thereof." 29.17. And on the second day ye shall present twelve young bullocks, two rams, fourteen he-lambs of the first year without blemish;" 29.18. and their meal-offering and their drink-offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordice;" 29.19. and one he-goat for a sin-offering; beside the continual burnt-offering, and the meal-offering thereof, and their drink-offerings." 29.20. And on the third day eleven bullocks, two rams, fourteen he-lambs of the first year without blemish;" 29.21. and their meal-offering and their drink-offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordice;" 29.22. and one he-goat for a sin-offering; beside the continual burnt-offering, and the meal-offering thereof, and the drink-offering thereof." 29.23. And on the fourth day ten bullocks, two rams, fourteen he-lambs of the first year without blemish;" 29.24. their meal-offering and their drink-offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordice;" 29.25. and one he-goat for a sin-offering; beside the continual burnt-offering, the meal-offering thereof, and the drink-offering thereof." 29.26. And on the fifth day nine bullocks, two rams, fourteen he-lambs of the first year without blemish;" 29.27. and their meal-offering and their drink-offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordice;" 29.28. and one he-goat for a sin-offering; beside the continual burnt-offering, and the meal-offering thereof, and the drink-offering thereof." 29.29. And on the sixth day eight bullocks, two rams, fourteen he-lambs of the first year without blemish;" 29.30. and their meal-offering and their drink-offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordice;" 29.31. and one he-goat for a sin-offering; beside the continual burnt-offering, the meal-offering thereof, and the drink-offerings thereof." 29.32. And on the seventh day seven bullocks, two rams, fourteen he-lambs of the first year without blemish;" 29.33. and their meal-offering and their drink-offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, according to their number, after the ordice;" 29.34. and one he-goat for a sin-offering; beside the continual burnt-offering, the meal-offering thereof, and the drink-offering thereof." 31.17. Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him."
9. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 106.47, 126.1, 128.6, 147.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

106.47. הוֹשִׁיעֵנוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְקַבְּצֵנוּ מִן־הַגּוֹיִם לְהֹדוֹת לְשֵׁם קָדְשֶׁךָ לְהִשְׁתַּבֵּחַ בִּתְהִלָּתֶךָ׃ 126.1. שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת בְּשׁוּב יְהוָה אֶת־שִׁיבַת צִיּוֹן הָיִינוּ כְּחֹלְמִים׃ 128.6. וּרְאֵה־בָנִים לְבָנֶיךָ שָׁלוֹם עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 147.2. לֹא עָשָׂה כֵן לְכָל־גּוֹי וּמִשְׁפָּטִים בַּל־יְדָעוּם הַלְלוּ־יָהּ׃ 147.2. בּוֹנֵה יְרוּשָׁלִַם יְהוָה נִדְחֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל יְכַנֵּס׃ 106.47. Save us, O LORD our God, And gather us from among the nations, That we may give thanks unto Thy holy name, That we may triumph in Thy praise." 126.1. A Song of Ascents. When the LORD brought back those that returned to Zion, We were like unto them that dream." 128.6. And see thy children's children. Peace be upon Israel!" 147.2. The LORD doth build up Jerusalem, He gathereth together the dispersed of Israel;"
10. Hebrew Bible, 2 Samuel, 1.23 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.23. שָׁאוּל וִיהוֹנָתָן הַנֶּאֱהָבִים וְהַנְּעִימִם בְּחַיֵּיהֶם וּבְמוֹתָם לֹא נִפְרָדוּ מִנְּשָׁרִים קַלּוּ מֵאֲרָיוֹת גָּבֵרוּ׃ 1.23. Sha᾽ul and Yehonatan were loved and dear in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions."
11. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 7.15-7.16, 11.11-11.12, 27.12-27.13, 43.5-43.6, 43.14, 43.16-43.21, 49.6, 56.8, 60.3-60.7, 66.18-66.24 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

7.15. חֶמְאָה וּדְבַשׁ יֹאכֵל לְדַעְתּוֹ מָאוֹס בָּרָע וּבָחוֹר בַּטּוֹב׃ 7.16. כִּי בְּטֶרֶם יֵדַע הַנַּעַר מָאֹס בָּרָע וּבָחֹר בַּטּוֹב תֵּעָזֵב הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה קָץ מִפְּנֵי שְׁנֵי מְלָכֶיהָ׃ 11.11. וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יוֹסִיף אֲדֹנָי שֵׁנִית יָדוֹ לִקְנוֹת אֶת־שְׁאָר עַמּוֹ אֲשֶׁר יִשָּׁאֵר מֵאַשּׁוּר וּמִמִּצְרַיִם וּמִפַּתְרוֹס וּמִכּוּשׁ וּמֵעֵילָם וּמִשִּׁנְעָר וּמֵחֲמָת וּמֵאִיֵּי הַיָּם׃ 11.12. וְנָשָׂא נֵס לַגּוֹיִם וְאָסַף נִדְחֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וּנְפֻצוֹת יְהוּדָה יְקַבֵּץ מֵאַרְבַּע כַּנְפוֹת הָאָרֶץ׃ 27.12. וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יַחְבֹּט יְהוָה מִשִּׁבֹּלֶת הַנָּהָר עַד־נַחַל מִצְרָיִם וְאַתֶּם תְּלֻקְּטוּ לְאַחַד אֶחָד בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 27.13. וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יִתָּקַע בְּשׁוֹפָר גָּדוֹל וּבָאוּ הָאֹבְדִים בְּאֶרֶץ אַשּׁוּר וְהַנִּדָּחִים בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם וְהִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לַיהוָה בְּהַר הַקֹּדֶשׁ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃ 43.5. אַל־תִּירָא כִּי אִתְּךָ־אָנִי מִמִּזְרָח אָבִיא זַרְעֶךָ וּמִמַּעֲרָב אֲקַבְּצֶךָּ׃ 43.6. אֹמַר לַצָּפוֹן תֵּנִי וּלְתֵימָן אַל־תִּכְלָאִי הָבִיאִי בָנַי מֵרָחוֹק וּבְנוֹתַי מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ׃ 43.14. כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה גֹּאַלְכֶם קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל לְמַעַנְכֶם שִׁלַּחְתִּי בָבֶלָה וְהוֹרַדְתִּי בָרִיחִים כֻּלָּם וְכַשְׂדִּים בָּאֳנִיּוֹת רִנָּתָם׃ 43.16. כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה הַנּוֹתֵן בַּיָּם דָּרֶךְ וּבְמַיִם עַזִּים נְתִיבָה׃ 43.17. הַמּוֹצִיא רֶכֶב־וָסוּס חַיִל וְעִזּוּז יַחְדָּו יִשְׁכְּבוּ בַּל־יָקוּמוּ דָּעֲכוּ כַּפִּשְׁתָּה כָבוּ׃ 43.18. אַל־תִּזְכְּרוּ רִאשֹׁנוֹת וְקַדְמֹנִיּוֹת אַל־תִּתְבֹּנָנוּ׃ 43.19. הִנְנִי עֹשֶׂה חֲדָשָׁה עַתָּה תִצְמָח הֲלוֹא תֵדָעוּהָ אַף אָשִׂים בַּמִּדְבָּר דֶּרֶךְ בִּישִׁמוֹן נְהָרוֹת׃ 43.21. עַם־זוּ יָצַרְתִּי לִי תְּהִלָּתִי יְסַפֵּרוּ׃ 49.6. וַיֹּאמֶר נָקֵל מִהְיוֹתְךָ לִי עֶבֶד לְהָקִים אֶת־שִׁבְטֵי יַעֲקֹב ונצירי [וּנְצוּרֵי] יִשְׂרָאֵל לְהָשִׁיב וּנְתַתִּיךָ לְאוֹר גּוֹיִם לִהְיוֹת יְשׁוּעָתִי עַד־קְצֵה הָאָרֶץ׃ 56.8. נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה מְקַבֵּץ נִדְחֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל עוֹד אֲקַבֵּץ עָלָיו לְנִקְבָּצָיו׃ 60.3. וְהָלְכוּ גוֹיִם לְאוֹרֵךְ וּמְלָכִים לְנֹגַהּ זַרְחֵךְ׃ 60.4. שְׂאִי־סָבִיב עֵינַיִךְ וּרְאִי כֻּלָּם נִקְבְּצוּ בָאוּ־לָךְ בָּנַיִךְ מֵרָחוֹק יָבֹאוּ וּבְנֹתַיִךְ עַל־צַד תֵּאָמַנָה׃ 60.5. אָז תִּרְאִי וְנָהַרְתְּ וּפָחַד וְרָחַב לְבָבֵךְ כִּי־יֵהָפֵךְ עָלַיִךְ הֲמוֹן יָם חֵיל גּוֹיִם יָבֹאוּ לָךְ׃ 60.6. שִׁפְעַת גְּמַלִּים תְּכַסֵּךְ בִּכְרֵי מִדְיָן וְעֵיפָה כֻּלָּם מִשְּׁבָא יָבֹאוּ זָהָב וּלְבוֹנָה יִשָּׂאוּ וּתְהִלֹּת יְהוָה יְבַשֵּׂרוּ׃ 60.7. כָּל־צֹאן קֵדָר יִקָּבְצוּ לָךְ אֵילֵי נְבָיוֹת יְשָׁרְתוּנֶךְ יַעֲלוּ עַל־רָצוֹן מִזְבְּחִי וּבֵית תִּפְאַרְתִּי אֲפָאֵר׃ 66.18. וְאָנֹכִי מַעֲשֵׂיהֶם וּמַחְשְׁבֹתֵיהֶם בָּאָה לְקַבֵּץ אֶת־כָּל־הַגּוֹיִם וְהַלְּשֹׁנוֹת וּבָאוּ וְרָאוּ אֶת־כְּבוֹדִי׃ 66.19. וְשַׂמְתִּי בָהֶם אוֹת וְשִׁלַּחְתִּי מֵהֶם פְּלֵיטִים אֶל־הַגּוֹיִם תַּרְשִׁישׁ פּוּל וְלוּד מֹשְׁכֵי קֶשֶׁת תֻּבַל וְיָוָן הָאִיִּים הָרְחֹקִים אֲשֶׁר לֹא־שָׁמְעוּ אֶת־שִׁמְעִי וְלֹא־רָאוּ אֶת־כְּבוֹדִי וְהִגִּידוּ אֶת־כְּבוֹדִי בַּגּוֹיִם׃ 66.21. וְגַם־מֵהֶם אֶקַּח לַכֹּהֲנִים לַלְוִיִּם אָמַר יְהוָה׃ 66.22. כִּי כַאֲשֶׁר הַשָּׁמַיִם הַחֳדָשִׁים וְהָאָרֶץ הַחֲדָשָׁה אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי עֹשֶׂה עֹמְדִים לְפָנַי נְאֻם־יְהוָה כֵּן יַעֲמֹד זַרְעֲכֶם וְשִׁמְכֶם׃ 66.23. וְהָיָה מִדֵּי־חֹדֶשׁ בְּחָדְשׁוֹ וּמִדֵּי שַׁבָּת בְּשַׁבַּתּוֹ יָבוֹא כָל־בָּשָׂר לְהִשְׁתַּחֲוֺת לְפָנַי אָמַר יְהוָה׃ 66.24. וְיָצְאוּ וְרָאוּ בְּפִגְרֵי הָאֲנָשִׁים הַפֹּשְׁעִים בִּי כִּי תוֹלַעְתָּם לֹא תָמוּת וְאִשָּׁם לֹא תִכְבֶּה וְהָיוּ דֵרָאוֹן לְכָל־בָּשָׂר׃ 7.15. Curd and honey shall he eat, when he knoweth to refuse the evil, and choose the good." 7.16. Yea, before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land whose two kings thou hast a horror of shall be forsaken." 11.11. And it shall come to pass in that day, That the Lord will set His hand again the second time To recover the remt of His people, That shall remain from Assyria, and from Egypt, And from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, And from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea." 11.12. And He will set up an ensign for the nations, And will assemble the dispersed of Israel, And gather together the scattered of Judah From the four corners of the earth." 27.12. And it shall come to pass in that day, That the LORD will beat off [His fruit] From the flood of the River unto the Brook of Egypt, And ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel." 27.13. And it shall come to pass in that day, That a great horn shall be blown; And they shall come that were lost in the land of Assyria, And they that were dispersed in the land of Egypt; And they shall worship the LORD in the holy mountain at Jerusalem." 43.5. Fear not, for I am with thee; I will bring thy seed from the east, And gather thee from the west;" 43.6. I will say to the north: ‘Give up’, And to the south: ‘Keep not back, bring My sons from far, and My daughters from the end of the earth;" 43.14. Thus saith the LORD, your Redeemer, The Holy One of Israel: For your sake I have sent to Babylon, And I will bring down all of them as fugitives, even the Chaldeans, in the ships of their shouting." 43.16. Thus saith the LORD, who maketh a way in the sea, And a path in the mighty waters;" 43.17. Who bringeth forth the chariot and horse, The army and the power— They lie down together, they shall not rise, They are extinct, they are quenched as a wick:" 43.18. Remember ye not the former things, Neither consider the things of old." 43.19. Behold, I will do a new thing; Now shall it spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, And rivers in the desert." 43.20. The beasts of the field shall honour Me, The jackals and the ostriches; Because I give waters in the wilderness, And rivers in the desert, To give drink to My people, Mine elect;" 43.21. The people which I formed for Myself, That they might tell of My praise." 49.6. Yea, He saith: ‘It is too light a thing that thou shouldest be My servant To raise up the tribes of Jacob, And to restore the offspring of Israel; I will also give thee for a light of the nations, That My salvation may be unto the end of the earth.’" 56.8. Saith the Lord GOD who gathereth the dispersed of Israel: Yet I will gather others to him, beside those of him that are gathered." 60.3. And nations shall walk at thy light, And kings at the brightness of thy rising." 60.4. Lift Up thine eyes round about, and see: They all are gathered together, and come to thee; Thy sons come from far, And thy daughters are borne on the side." 60.5. Then thou shalt see and be radiant, And thy heart shall throb and be enlarged; Because the abundance of the sea shall be turned unto thee, The wealth of the nations shall come unto thee." 60.6. The caravan of camels shall cover thee, And of the young camels of Midian and Ephah, All coming from Sheba; They shall bring gold and incense, And shall proclaim the praises of the LORD." 60.7. All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, The rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee; They shall come up with acceptance on Mine altar, And I will glorify My glorious house." 66.18. For I [know] their works and their thoughts; [the time] cometh, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and shall see My glory." 66.19. And I will work a sign among them, and I will send such as escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard My fame, neither have seen My glory; and they shall declare My glory among the nations." 66.20. And they shall bring all your brethren out of all the nations for an offering unto the LORD, upon horses, and in chariots, and in fitters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to My holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD, as the children of Israel bring their offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD." 66.21. And of them also will I take for the priests and for the Levites, saith the LORD." 66.22. For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before Me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name remain." 66.23. And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me, Saith the LORD." 66.24. And they shall go forth, and look Upon the carcasses of the men that have rebelled against Me; For their worm shall not die, Neither shall their fire be quenched; And they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. "
12. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 23.1-23.4, 23.7-23.8, 25.11-25.12, 27.2-27.8, 29.1, 29.4-29.9, 29.11-29.14, 29.17-29.18, 29.22-29.23, 30.3, 30.21-30.22, 31.1, 31.7-31.10, 31.12, 31.15-31.16, 31.27, 31.31-31.34, 31.38-31.40, 32.37-32.41, 36.4, 36.32, 45.1 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

23.1. הוֹי רֹעִים מְאַבְּדִים וּמְפִצִים אֶת־צֹאן מַרְעִיתִי נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 23.1. כִּי מְנָאֲפִים מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ כִּי־מִפְּנֵי אָלָה אָבְלָה הָאָרֶץ יָבְשׁוּ נְאוֹת מִדְבָּר וַתְּהִי מְרוּצָתָם רָעָה וּגְבוּרָתָם לֹא־כֵן׃ 23.2. לֹא יָשׁוּב אַף־יְהוָה עַד־עֲשֹׂתוֹ וְעַד־הֲקִימוֹ מְזִמּוֹת לִבּוֹ בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים תִּתְבּוֹנְנוּ בָהּ בִּינָה׃ 23.2. לָכֵן כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל־הָרֹעִים הָרֹעִים אֶת־עַמִּי אַתֶּם הֲפִצֹתֶם אֶת־צֹאנִי וַתַּדִּחוּם וְלֹא פְקַדְתֶּם אֹתָם הִנְנִי פֹקֵד עֲלֵיכֶם אֶת־רֹעַ מַעַלְלֵיכֶם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 23.3. לָכֵן הִנְנִי עַל־הַנְּבִאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה מְגַנְּבֵי דְבָרַי אִישׁ מֵאֵת רֵעֵהוּ׃ 23.3. וַאֲנִי אֲקַבֵּץ אֶת־שְׁאֵרִית צֹאנִי מִכֹּל הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר־הִדַּחְתִּי אֹתָם שָׁם וַהֲשִׁבֹתִי אֶתְהֶן עַל־נְוֵהֶן וּפָרוּ וְרָבוּ׃ 23.4. וְנָתַתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם חֶרְפַּת עוֹלָם וּכְלִמּוּת עוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר לֹא תִשָּׁכֵחַ׃ 23.4. וַהֲקִמֹתִי עֲלֵיהֶם רֹעִים וְרָעוּם וְלֹא־יִירְאוּ עוֹד וְלֹא־יֵחַתּוּ וְלֹא יִפָּקֵדוּ נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 23.7. לָכֵן הִנֵּה־יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְלֹא־יֹאמְרוּ עוֹד חַי־יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה אֶת־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃ 23.8. כִּי אִם־חַי־יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה וַאֲשֶׁר הֵבִיא אֶת־זֶרַע בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאֶרֶץ צָפוֹנָה וּמִכֹּל הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר הִדַּחְתִּים שָׁם וְיָשְׁבוּ עַל־אַדְמָתָם׃ 25.11. וְהָיְתָה כָּל־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת לְחָרְבָּה לְשַׁמָּה וְעָבְדוּ הַגּוֹיִם הָאֵלֶּה אֶת־מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה׃ 25.12. וְהָיָה כִמְלֹאות שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה אֶפְקֹד עַל־מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל וְעַל־הַגּוֹי הַהוּא נְאֻם־יְהוָה אֶת־עֲוֺנָם וְעַל־אֶרֶץ כַּשְׂדִּים וְשַׂמְתִּי אֹתוֹ לְשִׁמְמוֹת עוֹלָם׃ 27.2. אֲשֶׁר לֹא־לְקָחָם נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בַּגְלוֹתוֹ אֶת־יְכָונְיָה בֶן־יְהוֹיָקִים מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה וְאֵת כָּל־חֹרֵי יְהוּדָה וִירוּשָׁלִָם׃ 27.2. כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה אֵלַי עֲשֵׂה לְךָ מוֹסֵרוֹת וּמֹטוֹת וּנְתַתָּם עַל־צַוָּארֶךָ׃ 27.3. וְשִׁלַּחְתָּם אֶל־מֶלֶךְ אֱדוֹם וְאֶל־מֶלֶךְ מוֹאָב וְאֶל־מֶלֶךְ בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן וְאֶל־מֶלֶךְ צֹר וְאֶל־מֶלֶךְ צִידוֹן בְּיַד מַלְאָכִים הַבָּאִים יְרוּשָׁלִַם אֶל־צִדְקִיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה׃ 27.4. וְצִוִּיתָ אֹתָם אֶל־אֲדֹנֵיהֶם לֵאמֹר כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּה תֹאמְרוּ אֶל־אֲדֹנֵיכֶם׃ 27.5. אָנֹכִי עָשִׂיתִי אֶת־הָאָרֶץ אֶת־הָאָדָם וְאֶת־הַבְּהֵמָה אֲשֶׁר עַל־פְּנֵי הָאָרֶץ בְּכֹחִי הַגָּדוֹל וּבִזְרוֹעִי הַנְּטוּיָה וּנְתַתִּיהָ לַאֲשֶׁר יָשַׁר בְּעֵינָי׃ 27.6. וְעַתָּה אָנֹכִי נָתַתִּי אֶת־כָּל־הָאֲרָצוֹת הָאֵלֶּה בְּיַד נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל עַבְדִּי וְגַם אֶת־חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה נָתַתִּי לוֹ לְעָבְדוֹ׃ 27.7. וְעָבְדוּ אֹתוֹ כָּל־הַגּוֹיִם וְאֶת־בְּנוֹ וְאֶת־בֶּן־בְּנוֹ עַד בֹּא־עֵת אַרְצוֹ גַּם־הוּא וְעָבְדוּ בוֹ גּוֹיִם רַבִּים וּמְלָכִים גְּדֹלִים׃ 27.8. וְהָיָה הַגּוֹי וְהַמַּמְלָכָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יַעַבְדוּ אֹתוֹ אֶת־נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל וְאֵת אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יִתֵּן אֶת־צַוָּארוֹ בְּעֹל מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בַּחֶרֶב וּבָרָעָב וּבַדֶּבֶר אֶפְקֹד עַל־הַגּוֹי הַהוּא נְאֻם־יְהוָה עַד־תֻּמִּי אֹתָם בְּיָדוֹ׃ 29.1. וְאֵלֶּה דִּבְרֵי הַסֵּפֶר אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַח יִרְמְיָה הַנָּבִיא מִירוּשָׁלִָם אֶל־יֶתֶר זִקְנֵי הַגּוֹלָה וְאֶל־הַכֹּהֲנִים וְאֶל־הַנְּבִיאִים וְאֶל־כָּל־הָעָם אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה׃ 29.1. כִּי־כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה כִּי לְפִי מְלֹאת לְבָבֶל שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה אֶפְקֹד אֶתְכֶם וַהֲקִמֹתִי עֲלֵיכֶם אֶת־דְּבָרִי הַטּוֹב לְהָשִׁיב אֶתְכֶם אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה׃ 29.4. כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לְכָל־הַגּוֹלָה אֲשֶׁר־הִגְלֵיתִי מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה׃ 29.5. בְּנוּ בָתִּים וְשֵׁבוּ וְנִטְעוּ גַנּוֹת וְאִכְלוּ אֶת־פִּרְיָן׃ 29.6. קְחוּ נָשִׁים וְהוֹלִידוּ בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת וּקְחוּ לִבְנֵיכֶם נָשִׁים וְאֶת־בְּנוֹתֵיכֶם תְּנוּ לַאֲנָשִׁים וְתֵלַדְנָה בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת וּרְבוּ־שָׁם וְאַל־תִּמְעָטוּ׃ 29.7. וְדִרְשׁוּ אֶת־שְׁלוֹם הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר הִגְלֵיתִי אֶתְכֶם שָׁמָּה וְהִתְפַּלְלוּ בַעֲדָהּ אֶל־יְהוָה כִּי בִשְׁלוֹמָהּ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם שָׁלוֹם׃ 29.8. כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אַל־יַשִּׁיאוּ לָכֶם נְבִיאֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר־בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וְקֹסְמֵיכֶם וְאַל־תִּשְׁמְעוּ אֶל־חֲלֹמֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם מַחְלְמִים׃ 29.9. כִּי בְשֶׁקֶר הֵם נִבְּאִים לָכֶם בִּשְׁמִי לֹא שְׁלַחְתִּים נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 29.11. כִּי אָנֹכִי יָדַעְתִּי אֶת־הַמַּחֲשָׁבֹת אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי חֹשֵׁב עֲלֵיכֶם נְאֻם־יְהוָה מַחְשְׁבוֹת שָׁלוֹם וְלֹא לְרָעָה לָתֵת לָכֶם אַחֲרִית וְתִקְוָה׃ 29.12. וּקְרָאתֶם אֹתִי וַהֲלַכְתֶּם וְהִתְפַּלַּלְתֶּם אֵלָי וְשָׁמַעְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶם׃ 29.13. וּבִקַּשְׁתֶּם אֹתִי וּמְצָאתֶם כִּי תִדְרְשֻׁנִי בְּכָל־לְבַבְכֶם׃ 29.14. וְנִמְצֵאתִי לָכֶם נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְשַׁבְתִּי אֶת־שביתכם [שְׁבוּתְכֶם] וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִכָּל־הַגּוֹיִם וּמִכָּל־הַמְּקוֹמוֹת אֲשֶׁר הִדַּחְתִּי אֶתְכֶם שָׁם נְאֻם־יְהוָה וַהֲשִׁבֹתִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־הִגְלֵיתִי אֶתְכֶם מִשָּׁם׃ 29.17. כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת הִנְנִי מְשַׁלֵּחַ בָּם אֶת־הַחֶרֶב אֶת־הָרָעָב וְאֶת־הַדָּבֶר וְנָתַתִּי אוֹתָם כַּתְּאֵנִים הַשֹּׁעָרִים אֲשֶׁר לֹא־תֵאָכַלְנָה מֵרֹעַ׃ 29.18. וְרָדַפְתִּי אַחֲרֵיהֶם בַּחֶרֶב בָּרָעָב וּבַדָּבֶר וּנְתַתִּים לזועה [לְזַעֲוָה] לְכֹל מַמְלְכוֹת הָאָרֶץ לְאָלָה וּלְשַׁמָּה וְלִשְׁרֵקָה וּלְחֶרְפָּה בְּכָל־הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר־הִדַּחְתִּים שָׁם׃ 29.22. וְלֻקַּח מֵהֶם קְלָלָה לְכֹל גָּלוּת יְהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר בְּבָבֶל לֵאמֹר יְשִׂמְךָ יְהוָה כְּצִדְקִיָּהוּ וּכְאֶחָב אֲשֶׁר־קָלָם מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל בָּאֵשׁ׃ 29.23. יַעַן אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ נְבָלָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְנַאֲפוּ אֶת־נְשֵׁי רֵעֵיהֶם וַיְדַבְּרוּ דָבָר בִּשְׁמִי שֶׁקֶר אֲשֶׁר לוֹא צִוִּיתִם וְאָנֹכִי הוידע [הַיּוֹדֵעַ] וָעֵד נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 30.3. כִּי הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְשַׁבְתִּי אֶת־שְׁבוּת עַמִּי יִשְׂרָאֵל וִיהוּדָה אָמַר יְהוָה וַהֲשִׁבֹתִים אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־נָתַתִּי לַאֲבוֹתָם וִירֵשׁוּהָ׃ 30.21. וְהָיָה אַדִּירוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ וּמֹשְׁלוֹ מִקִּרְבּוֹ יֵצֵא וְהִקְרַבְתִּיו וְנִגַּשׁ אֵלָי כִּי מִי הוּא־זֶה עָרַב אֶת־לִבּוֹ לָגֶשֶׁת אֵלַי נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 30.22. וִהְיִיתֶם לִי לְעָם וְאָנֹכִי אֶהְיֶה לָכֶם לֵאלֹהִים׃ 31.1. בָּעֵת הַהִיא נְאֻם־יְהוָה אֶהְיֶה לֵאלֹהִים לְכֹל מִשְׁפְּחוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל וְהֵמָּה יִהְיוּ־לִי לְעָם׃ 31.1. שִׁמְעוּ דְבַר־יְהוָה גּוֹיִם וְהַגִּידוּ בָאִיִּים מִמֶּרְחָק וְאִמְרוּ מְזָרֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל יְקַבְּצֶנּוּ וּשְׁמָרוֹ כְּרֹעֶה עֶדְרוֹ׃ 31.7. כִּי־כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה רָנּוּ לְיַעֲקֹב שִׂמְחָה וְצַהֲלוּ בְּרֹאשׁ הַגּוֹיִם הַשְׁמִיעוּ הַלְלוּ וְאִמְרוּ הוֹשַׁע יְהוָה אֶת־עַמְּךָ אֵת שְׁאֵרִית יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 31.8. הִנְנִי מֵבִיא אוֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ צָפוֹן וְקִבַּצְתִּים מִיַּרְכְּתֵי־אָרֶץ בָּם עִוֵּר וּפִסֵּחַ הָרָה וְיֹלֶדֶת יַחְדָּו קָהָל גָּדוֹל יָשׁוּבוּ הֵנָּה׃ 31.9. בִּבְכִי יָבֹאוּ וּבְתַחֲנוּנִים אוֹבִילֵם אוֹלִיכֵם אֶל־נַחֲלֵי מַיִם בְּדֶרֶךְ יָשָׁר לֹא יִכָּשְׁלוּ בָּהּ כִּי־הָיִיתִי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל לְאָב וְאֶפְרַיִם בְּכֹרִי הוּא׃ 31.12. וּבָאוּ וְרִנְּנוּ בִמְרוֹם־צִיּוֹן וְנָהֲרוּ אֶל־טוּב יְהוָה עַל־דָּגָן וְעַל־תִּירֹשׁ וְעַל־יִצְהָר וְעַל־בְּנֵי־צֹאן וּבָקָר וְהָיְתָה נַפְשָׁם כְּגַן רָוֶה וְלֹא־יוֹסִיפוּ לְדַאֲבָה עוֹד׃ 31.15. כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה קוֹל בְּרָמָה נִשְׁמָע נְהִי בְּכִי תַמְרוּרִים רָחֵל מְבַכָּה עַל־בָּנֶיהָ מֵאֲנָה לְהִנָּחֵם עַל־בָּנֶיהָ כִּי אֵינֶנּוּ׃ 31.16. כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה מִנְעִי קוֹלֵךְ מִבֶּכִי וְעֵינַיִךְ מִדִּמְעָה כִּי יֵשׁ שָׂכָר לִפְעֻלָּתֵךְ נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְשָׁבוּ מֵאֶרֶץ אוֹיֵב׃ 31.27. הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְזָרַעְתִּי אֶת־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶת־בֵּית יְהוּדָה זֶרַע אָדָם וְזֶרַע בְּהֵמָה׃ 31.31. הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְכָרַתִּי אֶת־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶת־בֵּית יְהוּדָה בְּרִית חֲדָשָׁה׃ 31.32. לֹא כַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר כָּרַתִּי אֶת־אֲבוֹתָם בְּיוֹם הֶחֱזִיקִי בְיָדָם לְהוֹצִיאָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם אֲשֶׁר־הֵמָּה הֵפֵרוּ אֶת־בְּרִיתִי וְאָנֹכִי בָּעַלְתִּי בָם נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 31.33. כִּי זֹאת הַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר אֶכְרֹת אֶת־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל אַחֲרֵי הַיָּמִים הָהֵם נְאֻם־יְהוָה נָתַתִּי אֶת־תּוֹרָתִי בְּקִרְבָּם וְעַל־לִבָּם אֶכְתֲּבֶנָּה וְהָיִיתִי לָהֶם לֵאלֹהִים וְהֵמָּה יִהְיוּ־לִי לְעָם׃ 31.34. וְלֹא יְלַמְּדוּ עוֹד אִישׁ אֶת־רֵעֵהוּ וְאִישׁ אֶת־אָחִיו לֵאמֹר דְּעוּ אֶת־יְהוָה כִּי־כוּלָּם יֵדְעוּ אוֹתִי לְמִקְטַנָּם וְעַד־גְּדוֹלָם נְאֻם־יְהוָה כִּי אֶסְלַח לַעֲוֺנָם וּלְחַטָּאתָם לֹא אֶזְכָּר־עוֹד׃ 31.38. הִנֵּה יָמִים [בָּאִים] נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְנִבְנְתָה הָעִיר לַיהוָה מִמִּגְדַּל חֲנַנְאֵל שַׁעַר הַפִּנָּה׃ 31.39. וְיָצָא עוֹד קוה [קָו] הַמִּדָּה נֶגְדּוֹ עַל גִּבְעַת גָּרֵב וְנָסַב גֹּעָתָה׃ 32.37. הִנְנִי מְקַבְּצָם מִכָּל־הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר הִדַּחְתִּים שָׁם בְּאַפִּי וּבַחֲמָתִי וּבְקֶצֶף גָּדוֹל וַהֲשִׁבֹתִים אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה וְהֹשַׁבְתִּים לָבֶטַח׃ 32.38. וְהָיוּ לִי לְעָם וַאֲנִי אֶהְיֶה לָהֶם לֵאלֹהִים׃ 32.39. וְנָתַתִּי לָהֶם לֵב אֶחָד וְדֶרֶךְ אֶחָד לְיִרְאָה אוֹתִי כָּל־הַיָּמִים לְטוֹב לָהֶם וְלִבְנֵיהֶם אַחֲרֵיהֶם׃ 32.41. וְשַׂשְׂתִּי עֲלֵיהֶם לְהֵטִיב אוֹתָם וּנְטַעְתִּים בָּאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת בֶּאֱמֶת בְּכָל־לִבִּי וּבְכָל־נַפְשִׁי׃ 36.4. וַיִּקְרָא יִרְמְיָהוּ אֶת־בָּרוּךְ בֶּן־נֵרִיָּה וַיִּכְתֹּב בָּרוּךְ מִפִּי יִרְמְיָהוּ אֵת כָּל־דִּבְרֵי יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר אֵלָיו עַל־מְגִלַּת־סֵפֶר׃ 36.32. וְיִרְמְיָהוּ לָקַח מְגִלָּה אַחֶרֶת וַיִּתְּנָהּ אֶל־בָּרוּךְ בֶּן־נֵרִיָּהוּ הַסֹּפֵר וַיִּכְתֹּב עָלֶיהָ מִפִּי יִרְמְיָהוּ אֵת כָּל־דִּבְרֵי הַסֵּפֶר אֲשֶׁר שָׂרַף יְהוֹיָקִים מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה בָּאֵשׁ וְעוֹד נוֹסַף עֲלֵיהֶם דְּבָרִים רַבִּים כָּהֵמָּה׃ 45.1. הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יִרְמְיָהוּ הַנָּבִיא אֶל־בָּרוּךְ בֶּן־נֵרִיָּה בְּכָתְבוֹ אֶת־הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה עַל־סֵפֶר מִפִּי יִרְמְיָהוּ בַּשָּׁנָה הָרְבִעִית לִיהוֹיָקִים בֶּן־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה לֵאמֹר׃ 23.1. Woe unto the shepherds that destroy and scatter the sheep of My pasture! saith the LORD." 23.2. Therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, against the shepherds that feed My people: Ye have scattered My flock, and driven them away, and have not taken care of them; behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD." 23.3. And I will gather the remt of My flock out of all the countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them back to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and multiply." 23.4. And I will set up shepherds over them, who shall feed them; and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall any be lacking, saith the LORD." 23.7. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that they shall no more say: ‘As the LORD liveth, that brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt’;" 23.8. but: ‘As the LORD liveth, that brought up and that led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all the countries whither I had driven them’; and they shall dwell in their own land." 25.11. And this whole land shall be a desolation, and a waste; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years." 25.12. And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans; and I will make it perpetual desolations." 27.2. ’Thus saith the LORD to me: Make thee bands and bars, and put them upon thy neck;" 27.3. and send them to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the children of Ammon, and to the king of Tyre, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers that come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king of Judah;" 27.4. and give them a charge unto their masters, saying: Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Thus shall ye say unto your masters:" 27.5. I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the face of the earth, by My great power and by My outstretched arm; and I give it unto whom it seemeth right unto Me." 27.6. And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant; and the beasts of the field also have I given him to serve him." 27.7. And all the nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son’s son, until the time of his own land come; and then many nations and great kings shall make him their bondman." 27.8. And it shall come to pass, that the nation and the kingdom which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation will I visit, saith the LORD, with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have consumed them by his hand." 29.1. Now these are the words of the letter that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem unto the residue of the elders of the captivity, and to the priests, and to the prophets, and to all the people, whom Nebuchadnezzar had carried away captive from Jerusalem to Babylon," 29.4. Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, unto all the captivity, whom I have caused to be carried away captive from Jerusalem unto Babylon:" 29.5. Build ye houses, and dwell in them, and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them;" 29.6. take ye wives, and beget sons and daughters; and take wives for your sons, and give your daughters to husbands, that they may bear sons and daughters; and multiply ye there, and be not diminished." 29.7. And seek the peace of the city whither I have caused you to be carried away captive, and pray unto the LORD for it; for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace." 29.8. For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Let not your prophets that are in the midst of you, and your diviners, beguile you, neither hearken ye to your dreams which ye cause to be dreamed." 29.9. For they prophesy falsely unto you in My name; I have not sent them, saith the LORD." 29.11. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope." 29.12. And ye shall call upon Me, and go, and pray unto Me, and I will hearken unto you." 29.13. And ye shall seek Me, and find Me, when ye shall search for Me with all your heart." 29.14. And I will be found of you, saith the LORD, and I will turn your captivity, and gather you from all the nations, and from all the places whither I have driven you, saith the LORD; and I will bring you back unto the place whence I caused you to be carried away captive." 29.17. thus saith the LORD of hosts: Behold, I will send upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and will make them like vile figs, that cannot be eaten, they are so bad." 29.18. And I will pursue after them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will make them a horror unto all the kingdoms of the earth, a curse, and an astonishment, and a hissing, and a reproach, among all the nations whither I have driven them;" 29.22. and of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity of Judah that are in Babylon, saying: ‘The LORD make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire’;" 29.23. because they have wrought vile deeds in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours’wives, and have spoken words in My name falsely, which I commanded them not; but I am He that knoweth, and am witness, saith the LORD." 30.3. For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will turn the captivity of My people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD; and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.’" 30.21. And their prince shall be of themselves, And their ruler shall proceed from the midst of them; And I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto Me; For who is he that hath pledged his heart To approach unto Me? saith the LORD." 30.22. And ye shall be My people, and I will be your God." 31.1. In those days, the word of the LORD, I will be unto thee a God, for all families of Israel, and they will be unto me a people." 31.7. For thus saith the LORD: Sing with gladness for Jacob, And shout at the head of the nations; Announce ye, praise ye, and say: ‘O LORD, save Thy people, The remt of Israel.’" 31.8. Behold, I will bring them from the north country, And gather them from the uttermost parts of the earth, And with them the blind and the lame, The woman with child and her that travaileth with child together; A great company shall they return hither." 31.9. They shall come with weeping, And with supplications will I lead them; I will cause them to walk by rivers of waters, In a straight way wherein they shall not stumble; For I am become a father to Israel, And Ephraim is My first-born." 31.10. Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, And declare it in the isles afar off, and say: ‘He that scattered Israel doth gather him, And keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.’" 31.12. And they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, And shall flow unto the goodness of the LORD, To the corn, and to the wine, and to the oil, And to the young of the flock and of the herd; And their soul shall be as a watered garden, And they shall not pine any more at all." 31.15. Thus saith the LORD: A voice is heard in Ramah, Lamentation, and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children; She refuseth to be comforted for her children, Because they are not." 31.16. Thus saith the LORD: Refrain thy voice from weeping, And thine eyes from tears; For thy work shall be rewarded, saith the LORD; And they shall come back from the land of the enemy." 31.27. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast." 31.31. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covet with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah;" 31.32. not according to the covet that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; forasmuch as they broke My covet, although I was a lord over them, saith the LORD." 31.33. But this is the covet that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the LORD, I will put My law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people;" 31.34. and they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying: ‘Know the LORD’; for they shall all know Me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD; for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin will I remember no more." 31.38. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hael unto the gate of the corner." 31.39. And the measuring line shall yet go out straight forward unto the hill Gareb, and shall turn about unto Goah." 31.40. And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever." 32.37. Behold, I will gather them out of all the countries, whither I have driven them in Mine anger, and in My fury, and in great wrath; and I will bring them back unto this place, and I will cause them to dwell safely;" 32.38. and they shall be My people, and I will be their God;" 32.39. and I will give them one heart and one way, that they may fear Me for ever; for the good of them, and of their children after them;" 32.40. and I will make an everlasting covet with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; and I will put My fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from Me." 32.41. Yea, I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will plant them in this land in truth with My whole heart and with My whole soul." 36.4. Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah; and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which He had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book." 36.32. Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah; who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire; and there were added besides unto them many like words." 45.1. The word that Jeremiah the prophet spoke unto Baruch the son of Neriah, when he wrote these words in a book at the mouth of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying:"
13. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 3.1, 8.11, 11.17-11.20, 20.33-20.44, 28.25, 34.11-34.16, 36.17-36.18, 36.20, 36.22-36.28, 36.34-36.35, 36.38, 37.4-37.28, 39.26-39.27, 39.29 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3.1. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָי בֶּן־אָדָם אֶת־כָּל־דְּבָרַי אֲשֶׁר אֲדַבֵּר אֵלֶיךָ קַח בִּלְבָבְךָ וּבְאָזְנֶיךָ שְׁמָע׃ 3.1. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי בֶּן־אָדָם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־תִּמְצָא אֱכוֹל אֱכוֹל אֶת־הַמְּגִלָּה הַזֹּאת וְלֵךְ דַּבֵּר אֶל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 8.11. וְשִׁבְעִים אִישׁ מִזִּקְנֵי בֵית־יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיַאֲזַנְיָהוּ בֶן־שָׁפָן עֹמֵד בְּתוֹכָם עֹמְדִים לִפְנֵיהֶם וְאִישׁ מִקְטַרְתּוֹ בְּיָדוֹ וַעֲתַר עֲנַן־הַקְּטֹרֶת עֹלֶה׃ 11.17. לָכֵן אֱמֹר כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָעַמִּים וְאָסַפְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר נְפֹצוֹתֶם בָּהֶם וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם אֶת־אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 11.18. וּבָאוּ־שָׁמָּה וְהֵסִירוּ אֶת־כָּל־שִׁקּוּצֶיהָ וְאֶת־כָּל־תּוֹעֲבוֹתֶיהָ מִמֶּנָּה׃ 11.19. וְנָתַתִּי לָהֶם לֵב אֶחָד וְרוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וַהֲסִרֹתִי לֵב הָאֶבֶן מִבְּשָׂרָם וְנָתַתִּי לָהֶם לֵב בָּשָׂר׃ 20.33. חַי־אָנִי נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה אִם־לֹא בְּיָד חֲזָקָה וּבִזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה וּבְחֵמָה שְׁפוּכָה אֶמְלוֹךְ עֲלֵיכֶם׃ 20.34. וְהוֹצֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָעַמִּים וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר נְפוֹצֹתֶם בָּם בְּיָד חֲזָקָה וּבִזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה וּבְחֵמָה שְׁפוּכָה׃ 20.35. וְהֵבֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל־מִדְבַּר הָעַמִּים וְנִשְׁפַּטְתִּי אִתְּכֶם שָׁם פָּנִים אֶל־פָּנִים׃ 20.36. כַּאֲשֶׁר נִשְׁפַּטְתִּי אֶת־אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם בְּמִדְבַּר אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם כֵּן אִשָּׁפֵט אִתְּכֶם נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃ 20.37. וְהַעֲבַרְתִּי אֶתְכֶם תַּחַת הַשָּׁבֶט וְהֵבֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם בְּמָסֹרֶת הַבְּרִית׃ 20.38. וּבָרוֹתִי מִכֶּם הַמֹּרְדִים וְהַפּוֹשְׁעִים בִּי מֵאֶרֶץ מְגוּרֵיהֶם אוֹצִיא אוֹתָם וְאֶל־אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא יָבוֹא וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ 20.39. וְאַתֶּם בֵּית־יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהֹוִה אִישׁ גִּלּוּלָיו לְכוּ עֲבֹדוּ וְאַחַר אִם־אֵינְכֶם שֹׁמְעִים אֵלָי וְאֶת־שֵׁם קָדְשִׁי לֹא תְחַלְּלוּ־עוֹד בְּמַתְּנוֹתֵיכֶם וּבְגִלּוּלֵיכֶם׃ 20.41. בְּרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ אֶרְצֶה אֶתְכֶם בְּהוֹצִיאִי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָעַמִּים וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר נְפֹצֹתֶם בָּם וְנִקְדַּשְׁתִּי בָכֶם לְעֵינֵי הַגּוֹיִם׃ 20.42. וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה בַּהֲבִיאִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל־אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נָשָׂאתִי אֶת־יָדִי לָתֵת אוֹתָהּ לַאֲבוֹתֵיכֶם׃ 20.43. וּזְכַרְתֶּם־שָׁם אֶת־דַּרְכֵיכֶם וְאֵת כָּל־עֲלִילוֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר נִטְמֵאתֶם בָּם וּנְקֹטֹתֶם בִּפְנֵיכֶם בְּכָל־רָעוֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר עֲשִׂיתֶם׃ 20.44. וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה בַּעֲשׂוֹתִי אִתְּכֶם לְמַעַן שְׁמִי לֹא כְדַרְכֵיכֶם הָרָעִים וְכַעֲלִילוֹתֵיכֶם הַנִּשְׁחָתוֹת בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃ 28.25. כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה בְּקַבְּצִי אֶת־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל מִן־הָעַמִּים אֲשֶׁר נָפֹצוּ בָם וְנִקְדַּשְׁתִּי בָם לְעֵינֵי הַגּוֹיִם וְיָשְׁבוּ עַל־אַדְמָתָם אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לְעַבְדִּי לְיַעֲקֹב׃ 34.11. כִּי כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנְנִי־אָנִי וְדָרַשְׁתִּי אֶת־צֹאנִי וּבִקַּרְתִּים׃ 34.12. כְּבַקָּרַת רֹעֶה עֶדְרוֹ בְּיוֹם־הֱיוֹתוֹ בְתוֹךְ־צֹאנוֹ נִפְרָשׁוֹת כֵּן אֲבַקֵּר אֶת־צֹאנִי וְהִצַּלְתִּי אֶתְהֶם מִכָּל־הַמְּקוֹמֹת אֲשֶׁר נָפֹצוּ שָׁם בְּיוֹם עָנָן וַעֲרָפֶל׃ 34.13. וְהוֹצֵאתִים מִן־הָעַמִּים וְקִבַּצְתִּים מִן־הָאֲרָצוֹת וַהֲבִיאֹתִים אֶל־אַדְמָתָם וּרְעִיתִים אֶל־הָרֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בָּאֲפִיקִים וּבְכֹל מוֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ׃ 34.14. בְּמִרְעֶה־טּוֹב אֶרְעֶה אֹתָם וּבְהָרֵי מְרוֹם־יִשְׂרָאֵל יִהְיֶה נְוֵהֶם שָׁם תִּרְבַּצְנָה בְּנָוֶה טּוֹב וּמִרְעֶה שָׁמֵן תִּרְעֶינָה אֶל־הָרֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 34.15. אֲנִי אֶרְעֶה צֹאנִי וַאֲנִי אַרְבִּיצֵם נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃ 34.16. אֶת־הָאֹבֶדֶת אֲבַקֵּשׁ וְאֶת־הַנִּדַּחַת אָשִׁיב וְלַנִּשְׁבֶּרֶת אֶחֱבֹשׁ וְאֶת־הַחוֹלָה אֲחַזֵּק וְאֶת־הַשְּׁמֵנָה וְאֶת־הַחֲזָקָה אַשְׁמִיד אֶרְעֶנָּה בְמִשְׁפָּט׃ 36.17. בֶּן־אָדָם בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל יֹשְׁבִים עַל־אַדְמָתָם וַיְטַמְּאוּ אוֹתָהּ בְּדַרְכָּם וּבַעֲלִילוֹתָם כְּטֻמְאַת הַנִּדָּה הָיְתָה דַרְכָּם לְפָנָי׃ 36.18. וָאֶשְׁפֹּךְ חֲמָתִי עֲלֵיהֶם עַל־הַדָּם אֲשֶׁר־שָׁפְכוּ עַל־הָאָרֶץ וּבְגִלּוּלֵיהֶם טִמְּאוּהָ׃ 36.22. לָכֵן אֱמֹר לְבֵית־יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה לֹא לְמַעַנְכֶם אֲנִי עֹשֶׂה בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי אִם־לְשֵׁם־קָדְשִׁי אֲשֶׁר חִלַּלְתֶּם בַּגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר־בָּאתֶם שָׁם׃ 36.23. וְקִדַּשְׁתִּי אֶת־שְׁמִי הַגָּדוֹל הַמְחֻלָּל בַּגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר חִלַּלְתֶּם בְּתוֹכָם וְיָדְעוּ הַגּוֹיִם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה בְּהִקָּדְשִׁי בָכֶם לְעֵינֵיהֶם׃ 36.24. וְלָקַחְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הַגּוֹיִם וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִכָּל־הָאֲרָצוֹת וְהֵבֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל־אַדְמַתְכֶם׃ 36.25. וְזָרַקְתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם מַיִם טְהוֹרִים וּטְהַרְתֶּם מִכֹּל טֻמְאוֹתֵיכֶם וּמִכָּל־גִּלּוּלֵיכֶם אֲטַהֵר אֶתְכֶם׃ 36.26. וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם לֵב חָדָשׁ וְרוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וַהֲסִרֹתִי אֶת־לֵב הָאֶבֶן מִבְּשַׂרְכֶם וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם לֵב בָּשָׂר׃ 36.27. וְאֶת־רוּחִי אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וְעָשִׂיתִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר־בְּחֻקַּי תֵּלֵכוּ וּמִשְׁפָּטַי תִּשְׁמְרוּ וַעֲשִׂיתֶם׃ 36.28. וִישַׁבְתֶּם בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לַאֲבֹתֵיכֶם וִהְיִיתֶם לִי לְעָם וְאָנֹכִי אֶהְיֶה לָכֶם לֵאלֹהִים׃ 36.34. וְהָאָרֶץ הַנְּשַׁמָּה תֵּעָבֵד תַּחַת אֲשֶׁר הָיְתָה שְׁמָמָה לְעֵינֵי כָּל־עוֹבֵר׃ 36.35. וְאָמְרוּ הָאָרֶץ הַלֵּזוּ הַנְּשַׁמָּה הָיְתָה כְּגַן־עֵדֶן וְהֶעָרִים הֶחֳרֵבוֹת וְהַנְשַׁמּוֹת וְהַנֶּהֱרָסוֹת בְּצוּרוֹת יָשָׁבוּ׃ 36.38. כְּצֹאן קָדָשִׁים כְּצֹאן יְרוּשָׁלִַם בְּמוֹעֲדֶיהָ כֵּן תִּהְיֶינָה הֶעָרִים הֶחֳרֵבוֹת מְלֵאוֹת צֹאן אָדָם וְיָדְעוּ כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ 37.4. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי הִנָּבֵא עַל־הָעֲצָמוֹת הָאֵלֶּה וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם הָעֲצָמוֹת הַיְבֵשׁוֹת שִׁמְעוּ דְּבַר־יְהוָה׃ 37.5. כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה לָעֲצָמוֹת הָאֵלֶּה הִנֵּה אֲנִי מֵבִיא בָכֶם רוּחַ וִחְיִיתֶם׃ 37.6. וְנָתַתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם גִּדִים וְהַעֲלֵתִי עֲלֵיכֶם בָּשָׂר וְקָרַמְתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם עוֹר וְנָתַתִּי בָכֶם רוּחַ וִחְיִיתֶם וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ 37.7. וְנִבֵּאתִי כַּאֲשֶׁר צֻוֵּיתִי וַיְהִי־קוֹל כְּהִנָּבְאִי וְהִנֵּה־רַעַשׁ וַתִּקְרְבוּ עֲצָמוֹת עֶצֶם אֶל־עַצְמוֹ׃ 37.8. וְרָאִיתִי וְהִנֵּה־עֲלֵיהֶם גִּדִים וּבָשָׂר עָלָה וַיִּקְרַם עֲלֵיהֶם עוֹר מִלְמָעְלָה וְרוּחַ אֵין בָּהֶם׃ 37.9. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי הִנָּבֵא אֶל־הָרוּחַ הִנָּבֵא בֶן־אָדָם וְאָמַרְתָּ אֶל־הָרוּחַ כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה מֵאַרְבַּע רוּחוֹת בֹּאִי הָרוּחַ וּפְחִי בַּהֲרוּגִים הָאֵלֶּה וְיִחְיוּ׃ 37.11. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי בֶּן־אָדָם הָעֲצָמוֹת הָאֵלֶּה כָּל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל הֵמָּה הִנֵּה אֹמְרִים יָבְשׁוּ עַצְמוֹתֵינוּ וְאָבְדָה תִקְוָתֵנוּ נִגְזַרְנוּ לָנוּ׃ 37.12. לָכֵן הִנָּבֵא וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנֵּה אֲנִי פֹתֵחַ אֶת־קִבְרוֹתֵיכֶם וְהַעֲלֵיתִי אֶתְכֶם מִקִּבְרוֹתֵיכֶם עַמִּי וְהֵבֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל־אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 37.13. וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה בְּפִתְחִי אֶת־קִבְרוֹתֵיכֶם וּבְהַעֲלוֹתִי אֶתְכֶם מִקִּבְרוֹתֵיכֶם עַמִּי׃ 37.14. וְנָתַתִּי רוּחִי בָכֶם וִחְיִיתֶם וְהִנַּחְתִּי אֶתְכֶם עַל־אַדְמַתְכֶם וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי־אֲנִי יְהוָה דִּבַּרְתִּי וְעָשִׂיתִי נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃ 37.15. וַיְהִי דְבַר־יְהוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר׃ 37.16. וְאַתָּה בֶן־אָדָם קַח־לְךָ עֵץ אֶחָד וּכְתֹב עָלָיו לִיהוּדָה וְלִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל חברו [חֲבֵרָיו] וּלְקַח עֵץ אֶחָד וּכְתוֹב עָלָיו לְיוֹסֵף עֵץ אֶפְרַיִם וְכָל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל חברו [חֲבֵרָיו׃] 37.17. וְקָרַב אֹתָם אֶחָד אֶל־אֶחָד לְךָ לְעֵץ אֶחָד וְהָיוּ לַאֲחָדִים בְּיָדֶךָ׃ 37.18. וְכַאֲשֶׁר יֹאמְרוּ אֵלֶיךָ בְּנֵי עַמְּךָ לֵאמֹר הֲלוֹא־תַגִּיד לָנוּ מָה־אֵלֶּה לָּךְ׃ 37.19. דַּבֵּר אֲלֵהֶם כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנֵּה אֲנִי לֹקֵחַ אֶת־עֵץ יוֹסֵף אֲשֶׁר בְּיַד־אֶפְרַיִם וְשִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל חברו [חֲבֵרָיו] וְנָתַתִּי אוֹתָם עָלָיו אֶת־עֵץ יְהוּדָה וַעֲשִׂיתִם לְעֵץ אֶחָד וְהָיוּ אֶחָד בְּיָדִי׃ 37.21. וְדַבֵּר אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנֵּה אֲנִי לֹקֵחַ אֶת־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִבֵּין הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הָלְכוּ־שָׁם וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֹתָם מִסָּבִיב וְהֵבֵאתִי אוֹתָם אֶל־אַדְמָתָם׃ 37.22. וְעָשִׂיתִי אֹתָם לְגוֹי אֶחָד בָּאָרֶץ בְּהָרֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמֶלֶךְ אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּם לְמֶלֶךְ וְלֹא יהיה־[יִהְיוּ־] עוֹד לִשְׁנֵי גוֹיִם וְלֹא יֵחָצוּ עוֹד לִשְׁתֵּי מַמְלָכוֹת עוֹד׃ 37.23. וְלֹא יִטַמְּאוּ עוֹד בְּגִלּוּלֵיהֶם וּבְשִׁקּוּצֵיהֶם וּבְכֹל פִּשְׁעֵיהֶם וְהוֹשַׁעְתִּי אֹתָם מִכֹּל מוֹשְׁבֹתֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר חָטְאוּ בָהֶם וְטִהַרְתִּי אוֹתָם וְהָיוּ־לִי לְעָם וַאֲנִי אֶהְיֶה לָהֶם לֵאלֹהִים׃ 37.24. וְעַבְדִּי דָוִד מֶלֶךְ עֲלֵיהֶם וְרוֹעֶה אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּם וּבְמִשְׁפָּטַי יֵלֵכוּ וְחֻקֹּתַי יִשְׁמְרוּ וְעָשׂוּ אוֹתָם׃ 37.25. וְיָשְׁבוּ עַל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לְעַבְדִּי לְיַעֲקֹב אֲשֶׁר יָשְׁבוּ־בָהּ אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם וְיָשְׁבוּ עָלֶיהָ הֵמָּה וּבְנֵיהֶם וּבְנֵי בְנֵיהֶם עַד־עוֹלָם וְדָוִד עַבְדִּי נָשִׂיא לָהֶם לְעוֹלָם׃ 37.26. וְכָרַתִּי לָהֶם בְּרִית שָׁלוֹם בְּרִית עוֹלָם יִהְיֶה אוֹתָם וּנְתַתִּים וְהִרְבֵּיתִי אוֹתָם וְנָתַתִּי אֶת־מִקְדָּשִׁי בְּתוֹכָם לְעוֹלָם׃ 37.27. וְהָיָה מִשְׁכָּנִי עֲלֵיהֶם וְהָיִיתִי לָהֶם לֵאלֹהִים וְהֵמָּה יִהְיוּ־לִי לְעָם׃ 37.28. וְיָדְעוּ הַגּוֹיִם כִּי אֲנִי יְהוָה מְקַדֵּשׁ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּהְיוֹת מִקְדָּשִׁי בְּתוֹכָם לְעוֹלָם׃ 39.26. וְנָשׂוּ אֶת־כְּלִמָּתָם וְאֶת־כָּל־מַעֲלָם אֲשֶׁר מָעֲלוּ־בִי בְּשִׁבְתָּם עַל־אַדְמָתָם לָבֶטַח וְאֵין מַחֲרִיד׃ 39.27. בְּשׁוֹבְבִי אוֹתָם מִן־הָעַמִּים וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֹתָם מֵאַרְצוֹת אֹיְבֵיהֶם וְנִקְדַּשְׁתִּי בָם לְעֵינֵי הַגּוֹיִם רַבִּים׃ 39.29. וְלֹא־אַסְתִּיר עוֹד פָּנַי מֵהֶם אֲשֶׁר שָׁפַכְתִּי אֶת־רוּחִי עַל־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה׃ 3.1. And He said unto me: ‘Son of man, eat that which thou findest; eat this roll, and go, speak unto the house of Israel.’" 8.11. And there stood before them seventy men of the elders of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, every man with his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up." 11.17. therefore say: Thus saith the Lord GOD: I will even gather you from the peoples, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel." 11.18. And they shall come thither, and they shall take away all the detestable things thereof and all the abominations thereof from thence." 11.19. And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh;" 11.20. that they may walk in My statutes, and keep Mine ordices, and do them; and they shall be My people, and I will be their God." 20.33. As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out, will I be king over you;" 20.34. and I will bring you out from the peoples, and will gather you out of the countries wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out;" 20.35. and I will bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there will I plead with you face to face." 20.36. Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord GOD." 20.37. And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covet;" 20.38. and I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against Me; I will bring them forth out of the land where they sojourn, but they shall not enter into the land of Israel; and ye shall know that I am the LORD." 20.39. As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD: Go ye, serve every one his idols, even because ye will not hearken unto Me; but My holy name shall ye no more profane with your gifts, and with your idols." 20.40. For in My holy mountain, in the mountain of the height of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, there shall all the house of Israel, all of them, serve Me in the land; there will I accept them, and there will I require your heave-offerings, and the first of your gifts, with all your holy things." 20.41. With your sweet savour will I accept you, when I bring you out from the peoples, and gather you out of the countries wherein ye have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you in the sight of the nations." 20.42. And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country which I lifted up My hand to give unto your fathers." 20.43. And there shall ye remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein ye have polluted yourselves; and ye shall loathe yourselves in your own sight for all your evils that ye have committed." 20.44. And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have wrought with you for My name’s sake, not according to your evil ways, nor according to your corrupt doings, O ye house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.’" 28.25. Thus saith the Lord GOD: When I shall have gathered the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and shall be sanctified in them in the sight of the nations, then shall they dwell in their own land which I gave to My servant Jacob." 34.11. For thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, here am I, and I will search for My sheep, and seek them out." 34.12. As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are separated, so will I seek out My sheep; and I will deliver them out of all places whither they have been scattered in the day of clouds and thick darkness." 34.13. And I will bring them out from the peoples, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them into their own land; and I will feed them upon the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the habitable places of the country." 34.14. I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be; there shall they lie down in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel." 34.15. I will feed My sheep, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD." 34.16. I will seek that which was lost, and will bring back that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick; and the fat and the strong I will destroy, I will feed them in justice." 36.17. ’Son of man, when the house of Israel dwelt in their own land, they defiled it by their way and by their doings; their way before Me was as the uncleanness of a woman in her impurity." 36.18. Wherefore I poured out My fury upon them for the blood which they had shed upon the land, and because they had defiled it with their idols;" 36.20. And when they came unto the nations, whither they came, they profaned My holy name; in that men said of them: These are the people of the LORD, and are gone forth out of His land." 36.22. Therefore say unto the house of Israel: Thus saith the Lord GOD: I do not this for your sake, O house of Israel, but for My holy name, which ye have profaned among the nations, whither ye came." 36.23. And I will sanctify My great name, which hath been profaned among the nations, which ye have profaned in the midst of them; and the nations shall know that I am the LORD, saith the Lord GOD, when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes." 36.24. For I will take you from among the nations, and gather you out of all the countries, and will bring you into your own land." 36.25. And I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean; from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you." 36.26. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh." 36.27. And I will put My spirit within you, and cause you to walk in My statutes, and ye shall keep Mine ordices, and do them." 36.28. And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; and ye shall be My people, and I will be your God." 36.34. And the land that was desolate shall be tilled, whereas it was a desolation in the sight of all that passed by." 36.35. And they shall say: This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited." 36.38. As the flock for sacrifice, as the flock of Jerusalem in her appointed seasons, so shall the waste cities be filled with flocks of men; and they shall know that I am the LORD.’" 37.4. Then He said unto me: ‘Prophesy over these bones, and say unto them: O ye dry bones, hear the word of the LORD:" 37.5. Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones: Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live." 37.6. And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.’" 37.7. So I prophesied as I was commanded; and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a commotion, and the bones came together, bone to its bone." 37.8. And I beheld, and, lo, there were sinews upon them, and flesh came up, and skin covered them above; but there was no breath in them." 37.9. Then said He unto me: ‘Prophesy unto the breath, prophesy, son of man, and say to the breath: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.’" 37.10. So I prophesied as He commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great host." 37.11. Then He said unto me: ‘Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; behold, they say: Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are clean cut off." 37.12. Therefore prophesy, and say unto them: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, O My people; and I will bring you into the land of Israel." 37.13. And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, and caused you to come up out of your graves, O My people." 37.14. And I will put My spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I will place you in your own land; and ye shall know that I the LORD have spoken, and performed it, saith the LORD.’" 37.15. And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying:" 37.16. ’And thou, son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it: For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions; then take another stick, and write upon it: For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and of all the house of Israel his companions;" 37.17. and join them for thee one to another into one stick, that they may become one in thy hand." 37.18. And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying: Wilt thou not tell us what thou meanest by these?" 37.19. say into them: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his companions; and I will put them unto him together with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in My hand." 37.20. And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thy hand before their eyes." 37.21. And say unto them: Thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the nations, whither they are gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land;" 37.22. and I will make them one nation in the land, upon the mountains of Israel, and one king shall be king to them all; and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all;" 37.23. neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions; but I will save them out of all their dwelling-places, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them; so shall they be My people, and I will be their God." 37.24. And My servant David shall be king over them, and they all shall have one shepherd; they shall also walk in Mine ordices, and observe My statutes, and do them." 37.25. And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob My servant, wherein your fathers dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, they, and their children, and their children’s children, for ever; and David My servant shall be their prince for ever." 37.26. Moreover I will make a covet of peace with them—it shall be an everlasting covet with them; and I will establish them, and multiply them, and will set My sanctuary in the midst of them for ever." 37.27. My dwelling-place also shall be over them; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people." 37.28. And the nations shall know that I am the LORD that sanctify Israel, when My sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for ever.’" 39.26. And they shall bear their shame, and all their breach of faith which they have committed against Me, when they shall dwell safely in their land, and none shall make them afraid;" 39.27. when I have brought them back from the peoples, and gathered them out of their enemies’lands, and am sanctified in them in the sight of many nations." 39.29. neither will I hide My face any more from them; for I have poured out My spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.’"
14. Hebrew Bible, 1 Chronicles, 16.35 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

16.35. וְאִמְרוּ הוֹשִׁיעֵנוּ אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׁעֵנוּ וְקַבְּצֵנוּ וְהַצִּילֵנוּ מִן־הַגּוֹיִם לְהֹדוֹת לְשֵׁם קָדְשֶׁךָ לְהִשְׁתַּבֵּחַ בִּתְהִלָּתֶךָ׃ 16.35. And say ye: ‘Save us, O God of our salvation, And gather us together and deliver us from the nations, That we may give thanks unto Thy holy name, That we may triumph in Thy praise.’"
15. Hebrew Bible, 2 Chronicles, 36.20-36.21 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

36.21. לְמַלֹּאות דְּבַר־יְהוָה בְּפִי יִרְמְיָהוּ עַד־רָצְתָה הָאָרֶץ אֶת־שַׁבְּתוֹתֶיהָ כָּל־יְמֵי הָשַּׁמָּה שָׁבָתָה לְמַלֹּאות שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה׃ 36.20. And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia;" 36.21. to fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had been paid her sabbaths; for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years."
16. Hebrew Bible, Ezra, 1.1, 6.3-6.5, 6.7-6.10 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.1. כְּפוֹרֵי זָהָב שְׁלֹשִׁים כְּפוֹרֵי כֶסֶף מִשְׁנִים אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת וַעֲשָׂרָה כֵּלִים אֲחֵרִים אָלֶף׃ 1.1. וּבִשְׁנַת אַחַת לְכוֹרֶשׁ מֶלֶךְ פָּרַס לִכְלוֹת דְּבַר־יְהוָה מִפִּי יִרְמְיָה הֵעִיר יְהוָה אֶת־רוּחַ כֹּרֶשׁ מֶלֶךְ־פָּרַס וַיַּעֲבֶר־קוֹל בְּכָל־מַלְכוּתוֹ וְגַם־בְּמִכְתָּב לֵאמֹר׃ 6.3. בִּשְׁנַת חֲדָה לְכוֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּא כּוֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּא שָׂם טְעֵם בֵּית־אֱלָהָא בִירוּשְׁלֶם בַּיְתָא יִתְבְּנֵא אֲתַר דִּי־דָבְחִין דִּבְחִין וְאֻשּׁוֹהִי מְסוֹבְלִין רוּמֵהּ אַמִּין שִׁתִּין פְּתָיֵהּ אַמִּין שִׁתִּין׃ 6.4. נִדְבָּכִין דִּי־אֶבֶן גְּלָל תְּלָתָא וְנִדְבָּךְ דִּי־אָע חֲדַת וְנִפְקְתָא מִן־בֵּית מַלְכָּא תִּתְיְהִב׃ 6.5. וְאַף מָאנֵי בֵית־אֱלָהָא דִּי דַהֲבָה וְכַסְפָּא דִּי נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר הַנְפֵּק מִן־הֵיכְלָא דִי־בִירוּשְׁלֶם וְהֵיבֵל לְבָבֶל יַהֲתִיבוּן וִיהָךְ לְהֵיכְלָא דִי־בִירוּשְׁלֶם לְאַתְרֵהּ וְתַחֵת בְּבֵית אֱלָהָא׃ 6.7. שְׁבֻקוּ לַעֲבִידַת בֵּית־אֱלָהָא דֵךְ פַּחַת יְהוּדָיֵא וּלְשָׂבֵי יְהוּדָיֵא בֵּית־אֱלָהָא דֵךְ יִבְנוֹן עַל־אַתְרֵהּ׃ 6.8. וּמִנִּי שִׂים טְעֵם לְמָא דִי־תַעַבְדוּן עִם־שָׂבֵי יְהוּדָיֵא אִלֵּךְ לְמִבְנֵא בֵּית־אֱלָהָא דֵךְ וּמִנִּכְסֵי מַלְכָּא דִּי מִדַּת עֲבַר נַהֲרָה אָסְפַּרְנָא נִפְקְתָא תֶּהֱוֵא מִתְיַהֲבָא לְגֻבְרַיָּא אִלֵּךְ דִּי־לָא לְבַטָּלָא׃ 6.9. וּמָה חַשְׁחָן וּבְנֵי תוֹרִין וְדִכְרִין וְאִמְּרִין לַעֲלָוָן לֶאֱלָהּ שְׁמַיָּא חִנְטִין מְלַח חֲמַר וּמְשַׁח כְּמֵאמַר כָּהֲנַיָּא דִי־בִירוּשְׁלֶם לֶהֱוֵא מִתְיְהֵב לְהֹם יוֹם בְּיוֹם דִּי־לָא שָׁלוּ׃ 1.1. NOW IN the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying:" 6.3. In the first year of Cyrus the king, Cyrus the king made a decree: Concerning the house of God at Jerusalem, let the house be builded, the place where they offer sacrifices, and let the foundations thereof be strongly laid; the height thereof threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof threescore cubits;" 6.4. with three rows of great stones, and a row of new timber, and let the expenses be given out of the king’s house;" 6.5. and also let the gold and silver vessels of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took forth out of the temple which is at Jerusalem, and brought unto Babylon, be restored, and brought back unto the temple which is at Jerusalem, every one to its place, and thou shalt put them in the house of God.’" 6.7. let the work of this house of God alone; let the governor of the Jews and the elders of the Jews build this house of God in its place." 6.8. Moreover I make a decree concerning what ye shall do to these elders of the Jews for the building of this house of God; that of the king’s goods, even of the tribute beyond the River, expenses be given with all diligence unto these men, that they be not hindered." 6.9. And that which they have need of, both young bullocks, and rams, and lambs, for burnt-offerings to the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the word of the priests that are at Jerusalem, let it be given them day by day without fail;" 6.10. that they may offer sacrifices of sweet savour unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons."
17. Hebrew Bible, Nehemiah, 1.8-1.9 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.8. זְכָר־נָא אֶת־הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתָ אֶת־מֹשֶׁה עַבְדְּךָ לֵאמֹר אַתֶּם תִּמְעָלוּ אֲנִי אָפִיץ אֶתְכֶם בָּעַמִּים׃ 1.9. וְשַׁבְתֶּם אֵלַי וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם מִצְוֺתַי וַעֲשִׂיתֶם אֹתָם אִם־יִהְיֶה נִדַּחֲכֶם בִּקְצֵה הַשָּׁמַיִם מִשָּׁם אֲקַבְּצֵם והבואתים [וַהֲבִיאוֹתִים] אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתִּי לְשַׁכֵּן אֶת־שְׁמִי שָׁם׃ 1.8. Remember, I beseech Thee, the word that Thou didst command Thy servant Moses, saying: If ye deal treacherously, I will scatter you abroad among the peoples;" 1.9. but if ye return unto Me, and keep My commandments and do them, though your dispersed were in the uttermost part of the heaven, yet will I gather them from thence, and will bring them unto the place that I have chosen to cause My name to dwell there."
18. Hebrew Bible, Zechariah, 1.12-1.17, 8.7 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.12. וַיַּעַן מַלְאַךְ־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת עַד־מָתַי אַתָּה לֹא־תְרַחֵם אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְאֵת עָרֵי יְהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר זָעַמְתָּה זֶה שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה׃ 1.13. וַיַּעַן יְהוָה אֶת־הַמַּלְאָךְ הַדֹּבֵר בִּי דְּבָרִים טוֹבִים דְּבָרִים נִחֻמִים׃ 1.14. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי הַמַּלְאָךְ הַדֹּבֵר בִּי קְרָא לֵאמֹר כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת קִנֵּאתִי לִירוּשָׁלִַם וּלְצִיּוֹן קִנְאָה גְדוֹלָה׃ 1.15. וְקֶצֶף גָּדוֹל אֲנִי קֹצֵף עַל־הַגּוֹיִם הַשַּׁאֲנַנִּים אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי קָצַפְתִּי מְּעָט וְהֵמָּה עָזְרוּ לְרָעָה׃ 1.16. לָכֵן כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה שַׁבְתִּי לִירוּשָׁלִַם בְּרַחֲמִים בֵּיתִי יִבָּנֶה בָּהּ נְאֻם יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת וקוה [וְקָו] יִנָּטֶה עַל־יְרוּשָׁלִָם׃ 1.17. עוֹד קְרָא לֵאמֹר כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת עוֹד תְּפוּצֶינָה עָרַי מִטּוֹב וְנִחַם יְהוָה עוֹד אֶת־צִיּוֹן וּבָחַר עוֹד בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃ 8.7. כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת הִנְנִי מוֹשִׁיעַ אֶת־עַמִּי מֵאֶרֶץ מִזְרָח וּמֵאֶרֶץ מְבוֹא הַשָּׁמֶשׁ׃ 1.12. Then the angel of the LORD spoke and said: ‘O LORD of hosts, how long wilt Thou not have compassion on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which Thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?" 1.13. And the LORD answered the angel that spoke with me with good words, even comforting words—" 1.14. so the angel that spoke with me said unto me: ‘Proclaim thou, saying: Thus saith the LORD of hosts: I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy;" 1.15. and I am very sore displeased with the nations that are at ease; for I was but a little displeased, and they helped for evil." 1.16. Therefore thus saith the LORD: I return to Jerusalem with compassions: My house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth over Jerusalem." 1.17. Again, proclaim, saying: Thus saith the LORD of hosts: My cities shall again overflow with prosperity; and the LORD shall yet comfort Zion, and shall yet choose Jerusalem.’" 8.7. Thus saith the LORD of hosts: Behold, I will save My people from the east country, and from the west country;"
19. Septuagint, Tobit, 13.5, 13.13, 14.5 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

13.5. He will afflict us for our iniquities;and again he will show mercy,and will gather us from all the nations among whom you have been scattered. 13.13. Rejoice and be glad for the sons of the righteous;for they will be gathered together,and will praise the Lord of the righteous. 14.5. But God will again have mercy on them, and bring them back into their land; and they will rebuild the house of God, though it will not be like the former one until the times of the age are completed. After this they will return from the places of their captivity, and will rebuild Jerusalem in splendor. And the house of God will be rebuilt there with a glorious building for all generations for ever, just as the prophets said of it.
20. Anon., 1 Enoch, 57.1, 89.59-89.64, 90.33, 93.2 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

57.1. And it came to pass after this that I saw another host of wagons, and men riding thereon, and 89.59. And He called seventy shepherds, and cast those sheep to them that they might pasture them, and He spake to the shepherds and their companions: ' Let each individual of you pasture the sheep 89.61. He gave over unto them those sheep. And He called another and spake unto him: ' Observe and mark everything that the shepherds will do to those sheep; for they will destroy more of them than 89.62. I have commanded them. And every excess and the destruction which will be wrought through the shepherds, record (namely) how many they destroy according to my command, and how many according to their own caprice: record against every individual shepherd all the destruction he 89.63. effects. And read out before me by number how many they destroy, and how many they deliver over for destruction, that I may have this as a testimony against them, and know every deed of the shepherds, that I may comprehend and see what they do, whether or not they abide by my 89.64. command which I have commanded them. But they shall not know it, and thou shalt not declare it to them, nor admonish them, but only record against each individual all the destruction which 90.33. heep were all white, and their wool was abundant and clean. And all that had been destroyed and dispersed, and all the beasts of the field, and all the birds of the heaven, assembled in that house, and the Lord of the sheep rejoiced with great joy because they were all good and had returned to
21. Anon., Jubilees, 1.15 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.15. And they will make to themselves high places and groves and graven images, and they will worship, each his own (graven image), so as to go astray, and they will sacrifice their children to demons, and to all the works of the error of their hearts.
22. Anon., Psalms of Solomon, 8.28, 11.2-11.3, 17.4, 17.21, 17.26-17.28, 17.44 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

23. Anon., Testament of Dan, 5.8-5.9 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

5.8. Therefore shall ye be led away [with them] into captivity, And there shall ye receive all the plagues of Egypt, And all the evils of the Gentiles. 5.9. And so when ye return to the Lord ye shall obtain mercy, And He shall bring you into His sanctuary, And He shall give you peace.
24. Anon., Testament of Joseph, 19.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

19.6. And the horns of the fourth bull went up unto heaven and became as a wall for the flocks, and in the midst of the two horns there grew another horn.
25. Dead Sea Scrolls, Epistle of Jeremiah, 30, 4, 57, 11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

26. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 2.21, 7.25, 9.1-9.2, 9.24-9.27 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.21. וְהוּא מְהַשְׁנֵא עִדָּנַיָּא וְזִמְנַיָּא מְהַעְדֵּה מַלְכִין וּמְהָקֵים מַלְכִין יָהֵב חָכְמְתָא לְחַכִּימִין וּמַנְדְּעָא לְיָדְעֵי בִינָה׃ 7.25. וּמִלִּין לְצַד עליא [עִלָּאָה] יְמַלִּל וּלְקַדִּישֵׁי עֶלְיוֹנִין יְבַלֵּא וְיִסְבַּר לְהַשְׁנָיָה זִמְנִין וְדָת וְיִתְיַהֲבוּן בִּידֵהּ עַד־עִדָּן וְעִדָּנִין וּפְלַג עִדָּן׃ 9.1. וְלֹא שָׁמַעְנוּ בְּקוֹל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ לָלֶכֶת בְּתוֹרֹתָיו אֲשֶׁר נָתַן לְפָנֵינוּ בְּיַד עֲבָדָיו הַנְּבִיאִים׃ 9.1. בִּשְׁנַת אַחַת לְדָרְיָוֶשׁ בֶּן־אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ מִזֶּרַע מָדָי אֲשֶׁר הָמְלַךְ עַל מַלְכוּת כַּשְׂדִּים׃ 9.2. בִּשְׁנַת אַחַת לְמָלְכוֹ אֲנִי דָּנִיֵּאל בִּינֹתִי בַּסְּפָרִים מִסְפַּר הַשָּׁנִים אֲשֶׁר הָיָה דְבַר־יְהוָה אֶל־יִרְמִיָה הַנָּבִיא לְמַלֹּאות לְחָרְבוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה׃ 9.2. וְעוֹד אֲנִי מְדַבֵּר וּמִתְפַּלֵּל וּמִתְוַדֶּה חַטָּאתִי וְחַטַּאת עַמִּי יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמַפִּיל תְּחִנָּתִי לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהַי עַל הַר־קֹדֶשׁ אֱלֹהָי׃ 9.24. שָׁבֻעִים שִׁבְעִים נֶחְתַּךְ עַל־עַמְּךָ וְעַל־עִיר קָדְשֶׁךָ לְכַלֵּא הַפֶּשַׁע ולחתם [וּלְהָתֵם] חטאות [חַטָּאת] וּלְכַפֵּר עָוֺן וּלְהָבִיא צֶדֶק עֹלָמִים וְלַחְתֹּם חָזוֹן וְנָבִיא וְלִמְשֹׁחַ קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים׃ 9.25. וְתֵדַע וְתַשְׂכֵּל מִן־מֹצָא דָבָר לְהָשִׁיב וְלִבְנוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם עַד־מָשִׁיחַ נָגִיד שָׁבֻעִים שִׁבְעָה וְשָׁבֻעִים שִׁשִּׁים וּשְׁנַיִם תָּשׁוּב וְנִבְנְתָה רְחוֹב וְחָרוּץ וּבְצוֹק הָעִתִּים׃ 9.26. וְאַחֲרֵי הַשָּׁבֻעִים שִׁשִּׁים וּשְׁנַיִם יִכָּרֵת מָשִׁיחַ וְאֵין לוֹ וְהָעִיר וְהַקֹּדֶשׁ יַשְׁחִית עַם נָגִיד הַבָּא וְקִצּוֹ בַשֶּׁטֶף וְעַד קֵץ מִלְחָמָה נֶחֱרֶצֶת שֹׁמֵמוֹת׃ 9.27. וְהִגְבִּיר בְּרִית לָרַבִּים שָׁבוּעַ אֶחָד וַחֲצִי הַשָּׁבוּעַ יַשְׁבִּית זֶבַח וּמִנְחָה וְעַל כְּנַף שִׁקּוּצִים מְשֹׁמֵם וְעַד־כָּלָה וְנֶחֱרָצָה תִּתַּךְ עַל־שֹׁמֵם׃ 2.21. And He changeth the times and the seasons; He removeth kings, and setteth up kings; He giveth wisdom unto the wise, And knowledge to them that know understanding;" 7.25. And he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High; and he shall think to change the seasons and the law; and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and half a time." 9.1. In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;" 9.2. in the first year of his reign I Daniel meditated in the books, over the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish for the desolations of Jerusalem seventy years." 9.24. Seventy weeks are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sin, and to forgive iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal vision and prophet, and to anoint the most holy place." 9.25. Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem unto one anointed, a prince, shall be seven weeks; and for threescore and two weeks, it shall be built again, with broad place and moat, but in troublous times." 9.26. And after the threescore and two weeks shall an anointed one be cut off, and be no more; and the people of a prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; but his end shall be with a flood; and unto the end of the war desolations are determined." 9.27. And he shall make a firm covet with many for one week; and for half of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease; and upon the wing of detestable things shall be that which causeth appalment; and that until the extermination wholly determined be poured out upon that which causeth appalment.’"
27. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 1.3, 1.5, 4.52-4.54, 15.1-15.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.3. He advanced to the ends of the earth, and plundered many nations. When the earth became quiet before him, he was exalted, and his heart was lifted up. 1.5. After this he fell sick and perceived that he was dying. 4.52. Early in the morning on the twenty-fifth day of the ninth month, which is the month of Chislev, in the one hundred and forty-eighth year 4.53. they rose and offered sacrifice, as the law directs, on the new altar of burnt offering which they had built. 4.54. At the very season and on the very day that the Gentiles had profaned it, it was dedicated with songs and harps and lutes and cymbals. 15.1. Antiochus, the son of Demetrius the king, sent a letter from the islands of the sea to Simon, the priest and ethnarch of the Jews, and to all the nation; 15.2. its contents were as follows: "King Antiochus to Simon the high priest and ethnarch and to the nation of the Jews, greeting.
28. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10-2.18, 1.24, 1.25, 1.27, 1.28, 1.29, 2.7, 2.18, 9.18 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.1. The Jewish brethren in Jerusalem and those in the land of Judea, To their Jewish brethren in Egypt, Greeting, and good peace.'
29. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 16.28 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

16.28. to make it known that one must rise before the sun to give thee thanks,and must pray to thee at the dawning of the light;
30. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 2.170-2.173 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

2.170. 170 Destructive madness. Anger is a lust 2.171. And when it is excessive it is wrath. 2.172. The zeal of good men is a noble thing 2.173. But of the base is base. of wicked men
31. Philo of Alexandria, On Curses, 165, 168, 164 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

164. For how can there be such things as disease and old age and all kinds of corruptions, if there were not a continual drawing off of words, which are theoretical streams; the hierophant, therefore, thinks it Right to irrigate our minds with these words, for the sake of burning up the pleasures, of pounding to pieces and reducing to a thin and impalpable dust, and utterly destroying the system of the corporeal goods; and of making us recollect that the true good has never at any time germinated or blossomed from any one of them, just as nothing flourishes from seeds which are sown in water. XLVIII.
32. Anon., 2 Baruch, 6.8-6.9, 78.1, 78.4-78.7, 85.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

33. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 10.78-10.80, 10.89, 10.122, 10.124, 10.142, 10.267, 11.99-11.103, 13.301 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10.78. But all the people mourned greatly for him, lamenting and grieving on his account many days; and Jeremiah the prophet composed an elegy to lament him, which is extant till this time also. 10.79. Moreover, this prophet denounced beforehand the sad calamities that were coming upon the city. He also left behind him in writing a description of that destruction of our nation which has lately happened in our days, and the taking of Babylon; nor was he the only prophet who delivered such predictions beforehand to the multitude, but so did Ezekiel also, who was the first person that wrote, and left behind him in writing two books concerning these events. 10.89. And indeed the prophet Jeremiah foretold every day, how vainly they relied on their hopes from Egypt, and how the city would be overthrown by the king of Babylon, and Jehoiakim the king would be subdued by him. 10.122. but there was one of the king’s servants, who was in esteem with him, an Ethiopian by descent, who told the king what a state the prophet was in, and said that his friends and his rulers had done evil in putting the prophet into the mire, and by that means contriving against him that he should suffer a death more bitter than that by his bonds only. 10.124. 6. But when the king had sent to call him privately, and inquired what he could say to him from God, which might be suitable to his present circumstances, and desired him to inform him of it, Jeremiah replied, that he had somewhat to say; but he said withal, he should not be believed, nor, if he admonished them, should be hearkened to; “for,” said he, “thy friends have determined to destroy me, as though I had been guilty of some wickedness; and where are now those men who deceived us, and said that the king of Babylon would not come and fight against us any more? but I am afraid now to speak the truth, lest thou shouldst condemn me to die.” 10.142. 3. We have said thus much, because it was sufficient to show the nature of God to such as are ignorant of it, that it is various, and acts many different ways, and that all events happen after a regular manner, in their proper season, and that it foretells what must come to pass. It is also sufficient to show the ignorance and incredulity of men, whereby they are not permitted to foresee any thing that is future, and are, without any guard, exposed to calamities, so that it is impossible for them to avoid the experience of those calamities. 10.267. for the several books that he wrote and left behind him are still read by us till this time; and from them we believe that Daniel conversed with God; for he did not only prophesy of future events, as did the other prophets, but he also determined the time of their accomplishment. 11.99. Whereupon a book was found at Ecbatana, in the tower that was in Media, wherein was written as follows: “Cyrus the king, in the first year of his reign, commanded that the temple should be built in Jerusalem; and the altar in height threescore cubits, and its breadth of the same, with three edifices of polished stone, and one edifice of stone of their own country; 11.101. and that the care of these things should belong to Sanabassar, the governor and president of Syria and Phoenicia, and to his associates, that they may not meddle with that place, but may permit the servants of God, the Jews and their rulers, to build the temple. 11.102. He also ordained that they should assist them in the work; and that they should pay to the Jews, out of the tribute of the country where they were governors, on account of the sacrifices, bulls, and rams, and lambs, and kids of the goats, and fine flour, and oil, and wine, and all other things that the priests should suggest to them; and that they should pray for the preservation of the king, and of the Persians; 11.103. and that for such as transgressed any of these orders thus sent to them, he commanded that they should be caught, and hung upon a cross, and their substance confiscated to the king’s use. He also prayed to God against them, that if any one attempted to hinder the building of the temple, God would strike him dead, and thereby restrain his wickedness.” 13.301. 1. Now when their father Hyrcanus was dead, the eldest son Aristobulus, intending to change the government into a kingdom, for so he resolved to do, first of all put a diadem on his head, four hundred eighty and one years and three months after the people had been delivered from the Babylonish slavery, and were returned to their own country again.
34. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 3.354 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.354. and said, “Since it pleaseth thee, who hast created the Jewish nation, to depress the same, and since all their good fortune is gone over to the Romans, and since thou hast made choice of this soul of mine to foretell what is to come to pass hereafter, I willingly give them my hands, and am content to live. And I protest openly that I do not go over to the Romans as a deserter of the Jews, but as a minister from thee.”
35. Mishnah, Sanhedrin, 1.5, 7.5-7.6, 10.3 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1.5. A tribe, a false prophet, or the high priest may not be tried save by the court of seventy-one; They may not send forth the people to wage a battle of free choice save by the decision of the court of one and seventy; They may not add to the City [of Jerusalem], or the Courts of the Temple save by the decision of the court of seventy-one; They may not set up sanhedrins for the several tribes save by the decision of the court of one and seventy. And they may not proclaim [any city to be] an Apostate City (ir ha-niddahat) (Deut. 13:13–19] save by the decision of one and seventy. No city on the frontier may be proclaimed an Apostate City, nor three together, but only one or two." 7.5. The blasphemer is punished only if he utters [the divine] name. Rabbi Joshua b. Korcha said: “The whole day [of the trial] the witnesses are examined by means of a substitute for the divine name:, ‘may Yose smite Yose.” When the trial was finished, the accused was not executed on this evidence, but all persons were removed [from court], and the chief witness was told, ‘State literally what you heard.’ Thereupon he did so, [using the divine name]. The judges then arose and tore their garments, which were not to be resewn. The second witness stated: “I too have heard thus” [but not uttering the divine name], and the third says: “I too heard thus.”" 7.6. He who engages in idol-worship [is executed]. This includes the one whoserves it, sacrifices, offers incense, makes libations, bows to it, accepts it as a god, or says to it, “You are my god.” But he who embraces, kisses it, sweeps or sprinkles the ground before it, washes it, anoints it, clothes it, or puts shoes on it, he transgresses a negative commandment [but is not executed]. He who vows or swears by its name, violates a negative commandment. He who uncovers himself before Baal-Peor [is guilty and is to be stoned for] this is how it is worshipped. He who casts a stone on Merculis [is guilty and is to be stoned for] this is how it is worshipped." 10.3. The generation of the flood has no portion in the world to come, nor will they stand at the [last] judgment, as it says, “[And the Lord said,] my spirit will not always enter into judgment with man” (Genesis 6:3), [meaning] there will be neither judgment nor [my] spirit for them. The generation of the dispersion have no portion in the world to come, as it says, “So the Lord scattered them from there upon the face of all the earth” (Genesis 11:8): “So the lord scattered them”, refers to this world, “And from there the Lord scattered them” (Genesis 11:9), refers to the world to come. The men of Sodom have no portion in the world to come, as it says, “And the men of Sodom were wicked and great sinners before the Lord” (Genesis 13:1: “wicked” in this world, and “sinners” in the world to come; Yet will they stand at judgment. R. Nehemiah says: “Neither [the generation of the flood nor the men of Sodom] will stand at judgment, as it says, “Therefore the wicked shall not stand in judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous” (Psalms 1:5) “Therefore the wicked shall not stand in judgment”, refers to the generation of the flood; “nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous”, refers to the men of Sodom. They [the Sages] said to him: “They will not stand in the congregation of the righteous, but they will stand in the congregation of the wicked.” The spies have no portion in the world to come, as it says, “And those men that spread such calumnies about the land, died by the plague before the lord” (Numbers 14:37): “[they] died” in this world, “by the plague” in the world to come. The generation of the wilderness have no share in the world to come and will not stand at the [last] judgment, as it says, “In this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die” (Numbers 14:3, according to the words of Rabbi Akiba. Rabbi Eliezer says: “Concerning them it is said, ‘Bring in My devotees, who made a covet with Me over sacrifice” (Psalms 50:5). The congregation of Korah is not destined to ascend [from the earth], as it says, “And the earth closed upon them” in this world, “and they perished from among the congregation” (Numbers 16:33) in the world to come, according to the words of Rabbi Akiba. Rabbi Eliezer says: “Concerning them it is said, ‘The Lord kills and makes alive: He brings down to Sheol, and brings up” (I Samuel 2:6). The ten tribes will not return [to the Land of Israel], for it is said, “And He cast them into another land, as is this day” (Deuteronomy 29:2: just as the day goes and does not return, so they too went and will not return: according to the words of Rabbi Akiba. Rabbi Eliezer says: “‘As is this day’ just as the day darkens and then becomes light again, so the ten tribes even as it went dark for them, so will it in the future become light for them."
36. Mishnah, Sotah, 6.2, 7.5 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

6.2. If one witness said, “I saw that she was defiled”, she does not drink the water. Not only that, but even a slave, male or female, is believed even to disqualify her from receiving her ketubah. Her mother-in-law, her mother-in-law’s daughter, her rival wife, her sister-in-law, and the daughter of her husband are believed, not to disqualify her from receiving her ketubah, but that she should not drink." 7.5. How were the blessings and curses [pronounced]?When Israel crossed the Jordan and came to Mt. Gerizim and Mt. Ebal which are by Samaria, in the vicinity of Shechem which is near the terebinths of Moreh, as it is said, “Are they not the other side of the Jordan, [beyond the west road that is in the land of the Canaanites who dwell in the Arabah near Gilgal, by the terebinths of Moreh] (Deut. 11:30), and elsewhere it says, “And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Shechem unto the terebinth of Moreh” (Genesis 12:6) just as the terebinth of Moreh mentioned in this latter verse is Shechem, so the terebinth of Moreh mentioned in the former verse is Shechem. Six tribes went up Mt. Gerizim and six tribes went up Mt. Ebal, and the priests and Levites with the ark stood below in the middle, the priests surrounding the ark, the Levites [surrounding] the priests, and all Israel on this side and that side, as it is said, “And all Israel, with their elders, officials, and judges stood on both sides of the ark, facing the levitical priests” (Joshua 8:33). They turned their faces towards Mt. Gerizim and opened with the blessing: Blessed be anyone who does not make a graven or molten image”. And these and these respond amen. They then turned their faces towards Mt. Ebal and opened with the curse: “Cursed be anyone who makes a graven or molten image” (Deut. 27:15). And these and these respond amen. [So they continue] until they complete the blessings and curses. After that they brought the stones, built the altar and plastered it with plaster, and inscribed upon it all the words of the Torah in seventy languages, as it is said, “most distinctly (be’er hetev). Then they took the stones and went and spent the night in their place."
37. Mishnah, Shekalim, 5.1 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

5.1. These were the officers in the Temple:Yoha the son of Pinchas was over the seals. Ahiyah over the libations. Mattityah the son of Shmuel over the lots. Petahiah over the bird-offering. (Petahiah was Mordecai. Why was his name called Petahiah? Because he ‘opened’ matters and expounded them, and he understood the seventy tongues). The son of Ahijah over the sickness of the bowels. Nehuniah, the digger of ditches. Gevini, the crier. The son of Gever over the locking of the gates. The son of Bevai over the strips [for lighting the menorah]. The son of Arza over the cymbal. Hugras the son of Levi over the song. The house of Garmu over the making of the showbread. The house of Avtinas over the preparing of the frankincense. Elazar over the curtains. And Pinchas over the priestly vestments."
38. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 14.34-14.35 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14.34. let your wives keepsilent in the assemblies, for it has not been permitted for them tospeak; but let them be in subjection, as the law also says. 14.35. Ifthey desire to learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home,for it is shameful for a woman to chatter in the assembly.
39. New Testament, 1 Timothy, 3.11-3.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.11. Their wives in the same way must be reverent, not slanderers, temperate, faithful in all things. 3.12. Let deacons be husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.
40. New Testament, 2 John, 12 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

41. New Testament, Acts, 15.23 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15.23. They wrote these things by their hand: "The apostles, the elders, and the brothers, to the brothers who are of the Gentiles in Antioch, Syria, and Cilicia: greetings.
42. New Testament, Apocalypse, 1.19, 2.1, 2.8, 2.12, 3.1, 3.7, 3.14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.19. Write therefore the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will happen hereafter; 2.1. To the angel of the assembly in Ephesus write: "He who holds the seven stars in his right hand, he who walks in the midst of the seven golden lampstands says these things: 2.8. To the angel of the assembly in Smyrna write: "The first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life says these things: 2.12. To the angel of the assembly in Pergamum write: "He who has the sharp two-edged sword says these things: 3.1. And to the angel of the assembly in Sardis write: He who has the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars says these things: "I know your works, that you have a reputation of being alive, but you are dead. 3.7. To the angel of the assembly in Philadelphia write: "He who is holy, he who is true, he who has the key of David, he who opens and no one can shut, and that shuts and no one opens, says these things: 3.14. To the angel of the assembly in Laodicea write: "The Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Head of God's creation, says these things:
43. New Testament, James, 1.2, 1.4-1.5, 1.12-1.13, 1.17-1.18, 1.25, 2.5, 2.8-2.13, 3.6, 5.1-5.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.2. Count it all joy, my brothers, when you fall into various temptations 1.4. Let patience have its perfect work, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing. 1.5. But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach; and it will be given to him. 1.12. Blessed is the man who endures temptation, for when he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life, which the Lord promised to those who love him. 1.13. Let no man say when he is tempted, "I am tempted by God," for God can't be tempted by evil, and he himself tempts no one. 1.17. Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom can be no variation, nor turning shadow. 1.18. of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth, that we should be a kind of first fruits of his creatures. 1.25. But he who looks into the perfect law, the law of freedom, and continues, not being a hearer who forgets but a doer of the work, this man will be blessed in what he does. 2.5. Listen, my beloved brothers. Didn't God choose those who are poor in this world to be rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he promised to those who love him? 2.8. However, if you fulfill the royal law, according to the Scripture, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you do well. 2.9. But if you show partiality, you commit sin, being convicted by the law as transgressors. 2.10. For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he has become guilty of all. 2.11. For he who said, "Do not commit adultery," said also, "Do not commit murder." Now if you do not commit adultery, but murder, you have become a transgressor of the law. 2.12. So speak, and so do, as men who are to be judged by a law of freedom. 2.13. For judgment is without mercy to him who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment. 3.6. And the tongue is a fire. The world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature, and is set on fire by Gehenna. 5.1. Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries that are coming on you. 5.2. Your riches are corrupted and your garments are moth-eaten. 5.3. Your gold and your silver are corroded, and their corrosion will be for a testimony against you, and will eat your flesh like fire. You have laid up your treasure in the last days. 5.4. Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you have kept back by fraud, cry out, and the cries of those who reaped have entered into the ears of the Lord of Hosts. 5.5. You have lived delicately on the earth, and taken your pleasure. You have nourished your hearts as in a day of slaughter. 5.6. You have condemned, you have murdered the righteous one. He doesn't resist you. 5.7. Be patient therefore, brothers, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient over it, until it receives the early and late rain. 5.8. You also be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand. 5.9. Don't grumble, brothers, against one another, so that you won't be judged. Behold, the judge stands at the door. 5.10. Take, brothers, for an example of suffering and of patience, the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.
44. Tosefta, Sanhedrin, 13.12 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

45. Babylonian Talmud, Megillah, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

12a. תניא נמי הכי ועוד שנה אחרת לבבל ועמד דריוש והשלימה,אמר רבא אף דניאל טעה בהאי חושבנא דכתיב (דניאל ט, ב) בשנת אחת למלכו אני דניאל בינותי בספרים מדקאמר בינותי מכלל דטעה,מ"מ קשו קראי אהדדי כתיב (ירמיהו כט, י) מלאות לבבל וכתיב (דניאל ט, ב) לחרבות ירושלם,אמר רבא לפקידה בעלמא והיינו דכתיב (עזרא א, ב) כה אמר כורש מלך פרס כל ממלכות הארץ נתן לי ה' אלהי השמים והוא פקד עלי לבנות לו בית בירושלם,דרש רב נחמן בר רב חסדא מאי דכתיב (ישעיהו מה, א) כה אמר ה' למשיחו לכורש אשר החזקתי בימינו וכי כורש משיח היה אלא א"ל הקב"ה למשיח קובל אני לך על כורש אני אמרתי הוא יבנה ביתי ויקבץ גליותי והוא אמר (עזרא א, ג) מי בכם מכל עמו ויעל:,(אסתר א, ג) חיל פרס ומדי הפרתמים וכתיב למלכי מדי ופרס אמר רבא אתנויי אתנו בהדדי אי מינן מלכי מינייכו איפרכי ואי מינייכו מלכי מינן איפרכי,(שם, ד) בהראותו את עושר כבוד מלכותו א"ר יוסי בר חנינא מלמד שלבש בגדי כהונה כתיב הכא יקר תפארת גדולתו וכתיב התם (שמות כח, ב) לכבוד ולתפארת,(שם, ה) ובמלאות הימים האלה וגו' רב ושמואל חד אמר מלך פיקח היה וחד אמר מלך טיפש היה מאן דאמר מלך פיקח היה שפיר עבד דקריב רחיקא ברישא דבני מאתיה כל אימת דבעי מפייס להו ומאן דאמר טיפש היה דאיבעי ליה לקרובי בני מאתיה ברישא דאי מרדו ביה הנך הני הוו קיימי בהדיה,שאלו תלמידיו את רשב"י מפני מה נתחייבו שונאיהן של ישראל שבאותו הדור כליה אמר להם אמרו אתם אמרו לו מפני שנהנו מסעודתו של אותו רשע אם כן שבשושן יהרגו שבכל העולם כולו אל יהרגו אמרו לו אמור אתה אמר להם מפני שהשתחוו לצלם,אמרו לו וכי משוא פנים יש בדבר אמר להם הם לא עשו אלא לפנים אף הקב"ה לא עשה עמהן אלא לפנים והיינו דכתיב (איכה ג, לג) כי לא ענה מלבו:,(שם) בחצר גנת ביתן המלך רב ושמואל חד אמר הראוי לחצר לחצר הראוי לגינה לגינה הראוי לביתן לביתן וחד אמר הושיבן בחצר ולא החזיקתן בגינה ולא החזיקתן עד שהכניסן לביתן והחזיקתן במתניתא תנא הושיבן בחצר ופתח להם שני פתחים אחד לגינה ואחד לביתן,(שם, ו) חור כרפס ותכלת מאי חור רב אמר חרי חרי ושמואל אמר מילת לבנה הציע להם כרפס אמר ר' יוסי בר חנינא כרים של פסים,על גלילי כסף ועמודי שש מטות זהב וכסף תניא ר' יהודה אומר הראוי לכסף לכסף הראוי לזהב לזהב אמר לו ר' נחמיה א"כ אתה מטיל קנאה בסעודה אלא הם של כסף ורגליהן של זהב,בהט ושש א"ר אסי אבנים שמתחוטטות על בעליהן וכן הוא אומר (זכריה ט, טז) אבני נזר מתנוססות על אדמתו,ודר וסוחרת רב אמר דרי דרי ושמואל אמר אבן טובה יש בכרכי הים ודרה שמה הושיבה באמצע סעודה ומאירה להם כצהרים דבי רבי ישמעאל תנא שקרא דרור לכל בעלי סחורה,(שם, ז) והשקות בכלי זהב וכלים מכלים שונים משונים מיבעי ליה אמר רבא יצתה בת קול ואמרה להם ראשונים כלו מפני כלים ואתם שונים בהם ויין מלכות רב אמר רב מלמד שכל אחד ואחד השקהו יין שגדול הימנו בשנים,(שם, ח) והשתיה כדת (אין אונס) מאי כדת א"ר חנן משום ר"מ כדת של תורה מה דת של תורה אכילה מרובה משתיה אף סעודתו של אותו רשע אכילה מרובה משתיה,אין אונס אמר רבי אלעזר מלמד שכל אחד ואחד השקהו מיין מדינתו לעשות כרצון איש ואיש אמר רבא לעשות כרצון מרדכי והמן, מרדכי דכתיב איש יהודי המן איש צר ואויב,(שם, ט) גם ושתי המלכה עשתה משתה נשים בית המלכות בית הנשים מיבעי ליה אמר רבא שניהן לדבר עבירה נתכוונו היינו דאמרי אינשי איהו בקרי ואתתיה 12a. bThis is also taughtin a ibaraita /i, as an indication that the years counted were only partial years: bAndwhen Belshazzar was killed, bthere was still another yearleft bfor Babyloniabefore the reckoning of the seventy years was completed. bAndthen bDarius arose and completed it.Although seventy years were previously counted according to Belshazzar’s count, from the exile of Jehoiakim, because the years were only partial, there was still one year left in order to complete those seventy years., bRava said: Daniel also erred in this calculation, as it is written: “In the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, meditated in the booksover the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish for the desolations of Jerusalem seventy years” (Daniel 9:2). bFromthe fact bthat he said “I meditated,”a term indicating recounting and calculating, bit can be inferred that he hadpreviously berred. /b,The Gemara comments: bIn any case, the verses contradict each otherwith regard to how the seventy years should be calculated. In one verse bit is written:“After seventy years bare accomplished for BabyloniaI will remember [ iefkod /i] you, and perform My good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place” (Jeremiah 29:10), which indicates that the seventy years should be counted from the Babylonian exile. bAndin another verse bit is written:“That he would accomplish bfor the desolations of Jerusalemseventy years” (Daniel 9:2), indicating that the seventy years are calculated from the destruction of Jerusalem., bRava saidin response: The seventy years that “are accomplished for Babylonia” were bonly for being remembered [ ilifekida /i],as mentioned in the verse, allowing the Jews to return to Eretz Yisrael but not to build the Temple. bAnd this is as it is writtenwith regard to Cyrus’s proclamation permitting the Jewish people’s return to Eretz Yisrael, in the seventieth year of the Babylonian exile: b“Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: The Lord, God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and He has charged [ ipakad /i] me to build Him a house in Jerusalem”(Ezra 1:2). The verse makes use of the same root, ipeh-kuf-dalet /i, heralding the return to Jerusalem to build the Temple, but not its actual completion.,Apropos its mention of Cyrus, the Gemara states that bRav Naḥman bar Rav Ḥisda interpreted homileticallya verse concerning Cyrus: bWhat isthe meaning of that bwhich is written: “Thus says the Lord to His anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have held”(Isaiah 45:1), which seemingly is referring to Cyrus as God’s anointed? bNow was CyrusGod’s anointed one, i.e., the bMessiah,that the verse should refer to him in this manner? bRather,the verse should be understood as God speaking to the Messiah with regard to Cyrus: bThe Holy One, Blessed be He, said to the Messiah: I am complaining to you about Cyrus,who is not acting in accordance with what he is intended to do. bI had said: “He shall build My House and gather My exiles”(see Isaiah 45:13), but he did not carry this out. bRather, he said: “Whoever is among you of all His people…let him go upto Jerusalem” (Ezra 1:3). He gave permission to return to Israel, but he did no more than that.,§ The Gemara returns to its interpretations of verses in the Megilla. The Megilla mentions that among those invited to the king’s feast were: b“The army of Persia and Media, the noblesand princes of the provinces” (Esther 1:3), band it is writtennear the conclusion of the Megilla: “In the book of chronicles bof the kings of Media and Persia”(Esther 10:2). Why is Persia mentioned first at the beginning of the Megilla, while later in the Megilla, Media is mentioned first? bRava saidin response: These two peoples, the Persians and the Medes, bstipulated with each other,saying: bIf the kingswill come bfrom us, the ministerswill come bfrom you; and if the kingswill come bfrom you, the ministerswill come bfrom us.Therefore, in reference to kings, Media is mentioned first, whereas in connection with nobles and princes, Persia is given priority.,The verse states: b“When he showed the riches of his glorious [ ikevod /i] kingdomand the honor of his majestic [ itiferet /i] greatness” (Esther 1:4). bRabbi Yosei bar Ḥanina said: This teaches thatAhasuerus bwore the priestly vestments.Proof for this assertion may be adduced from the fact that the same terms are written with regard to the priestly vestments, as bit is written here:“The riches of his glorious [ ikevod /i] kingdom and bthe honor of his majestic [ itiferet /i] greatness.” And it is written there,with regard to the priestly garments: b“For glory [ ikavod /i] and for majesty [ itiferet /i]”(Exodus 28:2).,The verse states: b“And when these days were fulfilled,the king made a feast for all the people that were present in Shushan the capital” (Esther 1:5). bRav and Shmueldisagreed as to whether this was a wise decision. bOne said:Ahasuerus arranged a feast for the residents of Shushan, the capital, after the feast for foreign dignitaries that preceded it, as mentioned in the earlier verses, indicating that bhe was a clever king. Andthe other bone said:It is precisely this that indicates that bhe was a foolish king. The one who saidthat this proves that bhe was a clever kingmaintains bthat he acted well when he first brought close thosemore bdistantsubjects by inviting them to the earlier celebration, bas he could appease the residents of hisown bcity whenever he wished. And the one who saidthat bhe was foolishmaintains bthat he should have invited the residents of his city first, so that if thosefaraway subjects brebelled against him, thesewho lived close by bwould have stood with him. /b, bThe students of Rabbi Shimon bar Yoḥai asked him: For whatreason bwere the enemies of Jewish people,a euphemism for the Jewish people themselves when exhibiting behavior that is not in their best interests, bin that generation deserving of annihilation? He,Rabbi Shimon, bsaid to them: Saythe answer to your question byourselves. They said to him: It is because they partook of the feast of that wicked one,Ahasuerus, and they partook there of forbidden foods. Rabbi Shimon responded: bIf so, those in Shushan should have been killedas punishment, but bthose in the rest of the world,who did not participate in the feast, bshould not have been killed. They said to him:Then byou sayyour response to our question. bHe said to them: It is because they prostrated before the idolthat Nebuchadnezzar had made, as is recorded that the entire world bowed down before it, except for Haiah, Mishael, and Azariah., bThey said to him:But if it is true that they worshipped idols and therefore deserved to be destroyed, why was a miracle performed on their behalf? bIs there favoritismexpressed by God bhere? He said to them: They did notreally worship the idol, but pretended to bdoso bonly for appearance,acting as if they were carrying out the king’s command to bow before the idol. bSo too, the Holy One, Blessed be He, did notdestroy them but bdidact angry bwith them only for appearance.He too merely pretended to desire to destroy them, as all He did was issue a threat, but in the end the decree was annulled. bAnd this is as it is written: “For He does not afflict from His heartwillingly” (Lamentations 3:33), but only for appearances’ sake.,The verse states: b“In the court of the garden of the king’s palace”(Esther 1:5). bRav and Shmueldisagreed with regard to how to understand the relationship between these three places: Court, garden, and palace: bOne said:The guests were received in different places. bOnewho, according to his stature, was bfit for the courtyardwas brought bto the courtyard; onewho was bfit for the gardenwas brought bto the garden;and bonewho was bfit for the palacewas brought bto the palace. Andthe other bone said: Hefirst bsat them in the courtyard, but it did not hold them,as they were too numerous. He then sat them bin the garden, but it did not hold themeither, buntil he brought them into the palace and it held them.A third understanding bwas taught in a ibaraita /i: He sat them in the courtyard and opened two entranceways for them, one to the garden and one to the palace. /b,The verse states: “There were hangings of iḥur /i, ikarpas /i, and sky blue”(Esther 1:6). The Gemara asks: bWhat is iḥur /i? Rav said:A fabric fashioned with bmany holes [ iḥarei ḥarei /i],similar to lace. bAnd Shmuel said: He spread out for themcarpets of bwhite wool,as the word iḥavarmeans white. And what is ikarpas /i? Rabbi Yosei bar Ḥanina said: Cushions [ ikarim /i] of velvet [ ipasim /i]. /b,The verse states: b“On silver rods and pillars of marble; the couches were of gold and silver”(Esther 1:6). bIt is taughtin a ibaraita /i: bRabbi Yehuda says:Some couches were of gold and others of silver. bOnewho, according to his stature, was bfit for silversat on a couch of bsilver,and bonewho was bfit for goldsat on one of bgold. Rabbi Neḥemya said to him:This was not done. bIf so, youwould bcast jealousy into the feast,for the guests would be envious of each other. bRather,the couches bthemselveswere made bof silver, and their feetwere made bof gold. /b,The verse continues: “Upon a pavement of ibahatand marble”(Esther 1:6). bRabbi Asi saidwith regard to the definition of ibahat /i: These are bstones that ingratiate themselves with their owners,as they are precious stones that people are willing to spend large amounts of money to acquire. bAnd similarly, it stateselsewhere that the Jewish people will be likened to precious stones: “And the Lord their God shall save them in that day as the flock of His people; for they shall be as b“the stones of a crown, glittering over His land”(Zechariah 9:16).,The verse concludes: b“And idarand isoḥaret /i”(Esther 1:6). bRav said: iDarmeans bmany rows [ idarei darei /i]around. Similarly, isoḥaretis derived from iseḥor seḥor /i, around and around, meaning that the floor was surrounded with numerous rows of ibahatand marble stones. bAnd Shmuel said:There is ba precious stone in the seaports, and its name is idara /i,and Ahasuerus bplaced it in the center ofthe bfeast, and it illuminatedthe festivities bfor them asthe sun illuminates the world bat midday.He explains that the word isoḥaretis derived from itzohar /i, a light. A scholar from bthe school of Rabbi Yishmael taughta ibaraita /i: This means bthat he proclaimed a remission for all the merchants,absolving them from paying their taxes, understanding that the word idarderives from ideror /i, freedom, and isoḥaretfrom isoḥer /i, merchant.,The verse states: b“And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, the vessels being diverse [ ishonim /i] from one another”(Esther 1:7). The Gemara asks: Why does the verse use the term ishonimto express that they are different? bIt should have saidthe more proper term imeshunim /i. Rava said: A Divine Voice issued forth and said to them: The early ones,referring to Belshazzar and his people, bwere destroyed becausethey used bthese vessels,the vessels of the Temple, bandyet byou use them again [ ishonim /i]?The verse continues: b“And royal wine in abundance [ irav /i]”(Esther 1:7). bRav said: This teaches that each and everyguest at the feast bwas pouredwell-aged bwine that was older [ irav /i] than himself in years. /b,The verse states: b“And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel”(Esther 1:8). The Gemara asks: bWhat isthe meaning of b“according to the law”? Rabbi Ḥa said in the name of Rabbi Meir:The drinking was baccording to the law of the Torah. Just as,according to bthe law of the Torah,with regard to offerings, bthe foodsacrificed on the altar bis greaterin quantity bthan the drink,for the wine libation is quantitatively much smaller than the sacrificial offerings it accompanies, bso too,at the bfeast of that wicked man, the food was greaterin quantity bthan the drink. /b,The verse states: b“None did compel”(Esther 1:8). bRabbi Elazar said: This teaches that each and everyguest at the feast bwas poureda drink bfrom wine of hisown bcountry,so that he would feel entirely free, as if he were in his home country. The verse continues: b“That they should do according to every man’s pleasure”(Esther 1:8). bRavacommented on the literal meaning of the verse, which is referring to two men, a man and a man [ iish va’ish /i], and bsaid:The man and man whom they should follow indicates bthat they should do according to the wishes of Mordecai and Haman.The two of them served as butlers at the feast, and they were in charge of distributing the wine. Why is the verse interpreted in this way? bMordecaiis called “man,” bas it is written:“There was a certain bJewish man [ iish /i]in Shushan the castle, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair” (Esther 2:5). bAnd Hamanis also called man, as it states: b“A man [ iish /i] who is an adversary and an enemy,this evil Haman” (Esther 7:6).,The verse states: b“Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women, in the royal house,which belonged to King Ahasuerus” (Esther 1:9). The Gemara questions why she held the feast in the royal house, a place of men, rather than in bthe women’s house,where it bshould have been. Rava saidin response: bThe two of them had sinful intentions.Ahasuerus wished to fornicate with the women, and Vashti wished to fornicate with the men. bThisexplains the folk saying bthat people say: He with pumpkins and his wife /b
46. Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

26b. אמרו ליה משירייתך היכא אמר הדרו בי אמרו ליה אם כן אחוכי קא מחייכת בן נקבוהו בעקביו ותלאוהו בזנבי סוסיהם והיו מגררין אותו על הקוצים ועל הברקנין,אמר רבי אלעזר שבנא בעל הנאה היה כתיב הכא (ישעיהו כב, טו) לך בא אל הסוכן הזה וכתיב התם (מלכים א א, ב) ותהי לו סוכנת,(ואומר) (תהלים יא, ג) כי השתות יהרסון צדיק מה פעל רב יהודה ורב עינא חד אמר אילו חזקיה וסיעתו נהרסים צדיק מה פעל וחד אמר אילו בית המקדש יהרס צדיק מה פעל ועולא אמר אילו מחשבותיו של אותו רשע אינן נהרסות צדיק מה פעל,בשלמא למאן דאמר אילו מחשבותיו של אותו רשע היינו דכתיב כי השתות יהרסון,ולמ"ד בית המקדש נמי דתנן אבן היתה שם מימות נביאים הראשונים ושתייה היתה נקראת,אלא למ"ד חזקיה וסיעתו היכא אשכחן צדיקי דאיקרו שתות,דכתיב (שמואל א ב, ח) כי לה' מצוקי ארץ וישת עליהם תבל ואיבעית אימא מהכא (ישעיהו כח, כט) הפליא עצה הגדיל תושיה,א"ר חנן למה נקרא שמה תושיה מפני שהיא מתשת כחו של אדם דבר אחר תושיה שניתנה בחשאי מפני השטן דבר אחר תושיה דברים של תוהו שהעולם משותת עליהם,אמר עולא מחשבה מועלת אפילו לד"ת שנאמר (איוב ה, יב) מפר מחשבות ערומים ולא תעשינה ידיהם תושיה,אמר רבה אם עסוקין לשמה אינה מועלת שנאמר (משלי יט, כא) רבות מחשבות בלב איש ועצת ה' היא תקום עצה שיש בה דבר ה' היא תקום לעולם:,אמר ר' יהודה אימתי: א"ר אבהו א"ר אלעזר הלכה כרבי יהודה,וא"ר אבהו אמר רבי אלעזר כולן צריכין הכרזה בבית דין,רועה פליגי בה רב אחא ורבינא חד אמר בעי הכרזה וחד אמר לא בעי הכרזה,בשלמא למ"ד לא בעי הכרזה היינו דאמר רב יהודה אמר רב סתם רועה פסול אלא למ"ד בעי הכרזה מאי סתם רועה פסול,דבסתמא מכרזינן עליה,ההיא מתנה דהוו חתימי עלה תרין גזלנין סבר רב פפא בר שמואל לאכשורה דהא לא אכרזינן עלייהו,אמר ליה רבא נהי דבעינן הכרזה בגזלן דרבנן בגזלן דאורייתא מי בעינן הכרזה:,סימן דב"ר ועריו"ת גנ"ב:,אמר רב נחמן אוכלי דבר אחר פסולין לעדות,הני מילי בפרהסיא אבל בצינעה לא ובפרהסיא נמי לא אמרן אלא דאפשר ליה לאיתזוני בצינעה וקא מבזי נפשיה בפרהסיא אבל לא אפשר ליה חיותיה הוא,אמר רב נחמן החשוד על העריות כשר לעדות אמר רב ששת עני מרי ארבעין בכתפיה וכשר,אמר רבא ומודה רב נחמן לענין עדות אשה שהוא פסול אמר רבינא ואיתימא רב פפא לא אמרן אלא לאפוקה אבל לעיולה לית לן בה,פשיטא מהו דתימא הא עדיפא ליה דכתיב (משלי ט, יז) מים גנובים ימתקו וגו' קמ"ל דכמה דקיימא הכי שכיחא ליה,ואמר רב נחמן גנב ניסן וגנב תשרי לא שמיה גנב,הני מילי באריסא ודבר מועט ובדבר שנגמרה מלאכתו,איכריה דרב זביד חד גנב קבא דשערי ופסליה וחד גנב קיבורא דאהיני ופסליה,הנהו קבוראי דקבור נפשא ביום טוב ראשון של עצרת שמתינהו רב פפא ופסלינהו לעדות ואכשרינהו רב הונא בריה דרב יהושע,אמר ליה רב פפא והא רשעים נינהו סברי מצוה קא עבדי,והא קא משמתינא להו סברי כפרה קא עבדי לן רבנן:,איתמר 26b. The Assyrians bsaid to him: Where is your camp?Shebna bsaid: They backed out on me. They said to him: If so, you are mocking us;you led us to believe that behind you stands a large camp of supporters. bThey punched holes in his heels and hung him by the tails of their horses, and dragged him on the thorns and on the bristles. /b, bRabbi Elazar says: Shebna was a hedonist. It is written here: “Go, get yourself to this steward [ ihasokhen /i],to Shebna, who is over the house” (Isaiah 22:15), band it is written therewith regard to Abishag the Shunammite: b“And let her be a companion [ isokhenet /i] to him;and let her lie in your bosom, that my lord the king may get heat” (I Kings 1:2)., bAndfollowing the aforementioned verse: “For behold, the wicked bend the bow, they have made ready their arrow upon the string,” the next verse bstates: “When the foundations are destroyed, what has the Righteous One done?”(Psalms 11:3). bRav Yehuda and Rav Einainterpret this verse. bOne says: If Hezekiah and his camp are destroyed, what has the Righteous One done? And one says: If the Temple should be destroyed, what has the Righteous One done? And Ulla says: If the intentions of that wicked person,Sennacherib, bare not destroyed, what has the Righteous One done? /b,The Gemara asks: bGranted, according to the one who saysthat the verse means: bIf the intentions of that wicked personare not destroyed, what has the Righteous One done, bthis isthe reason bthat it is written: “When the foundations [ ihashatot /i] are destroyed,”i.e., the intentions of Sennacherib are destroyed, as intentions are called ishatot /i., bAnd according to the one who saysit is referring to bthe Temple,the word ihashatotis balsoclear, bas we learnedin a mishna ( iYoma53b): bThere was a stonein the Holy of Holies bfrom the days of the early prophets,David and Samuel, who laid the groundwork for construction of the Temple, bandthis stone bwas calledthe bFoundation [ ishetiyya /i]Stone., bBut according to the one who saysthat the reference is to bHezekiah and his camp, where do we find that righteous people are referred to as ishatot /i? /b,The Gemara answers: bAs it is written:“He raises up the poor out of the dust, He lifts up the needy from the dung hill, to make them sit with princes and inherit the throne of glory; bfor the pillars of the earth are the Lord’s, and He has set [ ivayyashet /i] the world upon them”(I Samuel 2:8). Since the righteous are considered the foundations of the world, this verse is interpreted in reference to them. bAnd if you wish, sayinstead that it is derived bfrom here: “Wonderful is His counsel, and great His wisdom [ itushiyya /i]”(Isaiah 28:29). Accordingly, the wise, righteous people are called ishatot /i.,With regard to the latter verse, bRabbi Ḥa says: Why isthe Torah bcalled itushiyya /i? Because it weakens [ imatteshet /i] the strength of a personwho engages in its study. bAlternatively, itushiyya /ican be interpreted as an abbreviation: bThat it was given in secret [ ishenittena beḥashai /i].This was done bbecause of the Satan,lest he claim that the Jewish people are not worthy of it. bAlternatively, itushiyya /ican be interpreted as an abbreviation for bamorphous [ itohu /i] matters thatseem foreign and strange, but nevertheless bthe world is founded [ imeshotat /i] on them. /b, bUlla says: Thought,i.e., concern, bis effective [ imo’elet /i] indisturbing beventhe study of bstatements of Torah, as it is stated: “He frustrates the thoughts of the crafty, so that their hands can perform nothing [ ivelo…tushiyya /i]”(Job 5:12), and itushiyyais a reference to Torah., bRabba says: Ifpeople bengagein Torah study bfor its own sake,concern bis not effective; as it is stated: “There are many devices in a man’s heart; but the counsel of the Lord, that shall stand”(Proverbs 19:21). Rabba interprets this to mean that ba counsel that has in it the statement of the Lord shall rise foreverand cannot be disturbed.,§ The mishna teaches that bRabbi Yehuda says: Whenare all these people, e.g., gamblers and those who lend with interest, disqualified from bearing witness? It is when they have no occupation other than this one. bRabbi Abbahu saysthat bRabbi Elazar says: The ihalakha /iis bin accordance withthe opinion of bRabbi Yehuda. /b, bAnd Rabbi Abbahu saysthat bRabbi Elazar says: All ofthese brequire a proclamation in the court.In other words, one is disqualified only after it is proclaimed in court that he was found guilty of this behavior.,With regard to ba shepherd,who is also disqualified from bearing witness, bRav Aḥa and Ravina disagree. One saysthat bhe requires a proclamationthat he is disqualified due to his being a shepherd, band one saysthat bhe does not require a proclamationand is disqualified automatically.,The Gemara asks: bGranted, according to the one who saysthat bhe does not require a proclamation, this is what Rav Yehudameans when he bsaysthat bRav saysthat ban ordinary shepherd is disqualified,i.e., he does not require a specific proclamation. bBut according to the one who saysthat a shepherd brequires a proclamation, whatis meant by the statement that ban ordinary shepherd is disqualified? /b,The Gemara answers: It means bthat in an ordinarycase, the court bproclaims about himthat he is disqualified for having engaged in shepherding. If the court discovers that he regularly engages in this trade, it proclaims immediately that he is disqualified, and the court does not need to prove that he shepherds his flock in the fields of others.,The Gemara recounts: With regard to ba certaindeed of bgift on whichthe names of btwo robbers were signed, Rav Pappa bar Shmuel thought to deem it validdespite the identity of the witnesses, basthe court bdid not proclaim about themthat they were disqualified., bRava said to him: Although we require a proclamationin order to disqualify a robber from bearing witness, this is only bwith regard to a robberwho is guilty of stealing bby rabbinic law; with regard to a robberwho is guilty of stealing bby Torah law, do we require a proclamation?He is disqualified automatically.,§ The Gemara states ba mnemonicfor the following statements with regard to disqualification from testifying: bSomething; and forbidden sexual relations;and ba thief. /b, bRav Naḥman says: Those who eat something else,a euphemism for pork, bare disqualified from bearing witness.This is referring to those who accept charity from gentiles, thereby causing a desecration of God’s name. They are tantamount to wicked people guilty of monetary transgressions, as they are willing to desecrate God’s name for monetary gain.,The Gemara comments: bThis statementapplies with regard to taking charity from gentiles bin public [ ibefarhesya /i], butif one takes it bin privatehe is bnotdisqualified. bAnd evenif he takes it bin public, we saidthat he is disqualified bonlyin a case bwhere he can sustainhimself by accepting charity from gentiles bin private anddespite this bhe disgraces himselfby taking it bin public. Butif bhe cannotsupport himself in any other manner, he is not disqualified, as bit is his livelihood. /b, bRav Naḥman says: One whodue to a rumor bis suspected ofengaging in bforbidden sexual relations is fit to bear witness. Rav Sheshet saidto him: bAnswer me, my Master:The ihalakhais that one who is rumored to have engaged in forbidden sexual intercourse receives bfortylashes bon his shoulders, andyet you say bhe is fitto bear witness?, bRava said: And Rav Naḥman concedes that he is disqualified with regard to testimonyabout the status of a married bwoman,as he is clearly under suspicion with regard to this matter. bRavina says, and some say Rav Pappasays: bWe saidhe is disqualified bonly with regard totestimony that bremoves herstatus as a married woman, e.g., testimony that her husband died, as he is suspected of wanting her for himself. bBut with regard totestimony that bestablishes herin that status, bwe have noproblem bwith it. /b,The Gemara asks: Isn’t that bobvious?Why should he be suspected of lying in order to render a woman married? The Gemara answers: bLest you saythat if he wants her for himself, bthissituation, i.e., her being married to another, bis preferable to him; as it is written: “Stolen waters are sweetand bread eaten in secret is pleasant” (Proverbs 9:17), i.e., the forbidden is more pleasant than the permitted, Rav Pappa bteaches usthat this is not the case, bas the waythe woman bisnow, being unmarried, bshe ismore bavailable to him.He therefore is not motivated to testify falsely that she is married., bAnd Rav Naḥman says: A thief of Nisan and a thief of Tishrei,i.e., one who steals during the harvest seasons, bis not called a thiefand is therefore not disqualified from bearing witness.,The Gemara explains: bThis statementapplies specifically bwith regard to a tet farmer, andit is a situation where he took ba small amount, and ina case where it was ban item whose work was completed,i.e., that needed no further processing. Since the produce was sufficiently processed, the tet may assume that he deserves additional pay for any further labor and justify taking a small amount of the produce for his effort. Consequently, his theft is not willful.,The Gemara recounts: An incident occurred with bthetet bfarmers of Rav Zevid. One stole a ikavof barley, andRav Zevid bdisqualified himfrom bearing witness, band one stole a cluster of dates, and he disqualified him.The reason for their disqualification is that the quantity of produce they stole is not considered a small amount.,The Gemara relates: There were bthese gravediggers, who buried a person on the first day of the festival of iShavuot /i,desecrating the Festival. bRav Pappa excommunicated them andthen bdisqualified them from bearing witness, and Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua, deemed them fitto bear witness., bRav Pappa said toRav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua: bBut aren’t they wicked people,as they violated a Torah prohibition? Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua, answered him: bThey assumed they were doing a mitzva,as they were burying the dead.,Rav Pappa asked: bBut didn’t I excommunicate themfor this? Nevertheless, they continued to bury people on the Festival. Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua, answered: bThey assumed:We were not excommunicated for doing something wrong. Rather, since the mitzva of burying the dead involved desecrating the Festival, bthe Sages are achieving atonement for us,although our behavior was appropriate.,§ A conspiring witness is one who testified that a certain incident occurred at a particular time and place, and then two other witnesses testify that he was elsewhere at that time. The Gemara discusses the disqualification of a conspiring witness from providing testimony in other cases. bIt was stated /b
47. Babylonian Talmud, Sukkah, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

55b. big strongמתני׳ /strong /big יום טוב הראשון של חג היו שם י"ג פרים אילים שנים ושעיר אחד נשתיירו שם י"ד כבשים לשמונה משמרות ביום ראשון ששה מקריבין שנים שנים והשאר אחד אחד,בשני חמשה מקריבין שנים שנים והשאר אחד אחד בשלישי ד' מקריבין שנים שנים והשאר אחד אחד,ברביעי שלשה מקריבין שנים שנים והשאר אחד אחד בחמישי שנים מקריבין שנים שנים והשאר אחד אחד בששי אחד מקריב שנים והשאר אחד אחד,בשביעי כולן שוין בשמיני חזרו לפייס כברגלים אמרו מי שהקריב פרים היום לא יקריב למחר אלא חוזרין חלילה:, big strongגמ׳ /strong /big נימא מתני' רבי היא ולא רבנן דתניא פר הבא בשמיני בתחילה מפיסין עליו דברי רבי וחכמים אומרים אחת משתי משמרות דלא שלשו בפרים עושה אותו,אפילו תימא רבנן אטו שתי משמרות לא אפוסי בעי,כמאן אזלא הא דתניא כל המשמרות שונות ומשלשות חוץ משני משמרות ששונות ואין משלשות נימא רבי ולא רבנן אפי' תימא רבנן מאי לא שלשו בפרי החג,ומאי קמ"ל הא קמ"ל מי שהקריב פרים היום לא יקריב למחר אלא חוזרין חלילה,א"ר אליעזר הני שבעים פרים כנגד מי כנגד שבעים אומות פר יחידי למה כנגד אומה יחידה,משל למלך בשר ודם שאמר לעבדיו עשו לי סעודה גדולה ליום אחרון אמר לאוהבו עשה לי סעודה קטנה כדי שאהנה ממך,א"ר יוחנן אוי להם לעובדי כוכבים שאבדו ואין יודעין מה שאבדו בזמן שבהמ"ק קיים מזבח מכפר עליהן ועכשיו מי מכפר עליהן:, big strongמתני׳ /strong /big בשלשה פרקים בשנה היו כל משמרות שוות באימורי הרגלים ובחילוק לחם הפנים,בעצרת אומר לו הילך מצה הילך חמץ משמר שזמנו קבוע הוא מקריב תמידין נדרים ונדבות ושאר קרבנות צבור ומקריב את הכל:, big strongגמ׳ /strong /big אימורי הרגלים של גבוה נינהו אמר רב חסדא מה שאמור ברגלים,ת"ר מנין שכל המשמרות שוות באימורי הרגלים ת"ל (דברים יח, ו) ובא בכל אות נפשו ושרת יכול אף בשאר ימות השנה כן תלמוד לומר מאחד שעריך לא אמרתי אלא בשעה שכל ישראל נכנסין בשער אחד:,ובחילוק לחם הפנים כו': תנו רבנן מנין שכל המשמרות שוות בחילוק לחם הפנים 55b. strongMISHNA: /strong On bthe first Festivalday bof iSukkotthere were thirteen bulls, two rams, and one goat there.The mishna proceeds to discuss the division of labor for the Festival offerings among the twenty-four priestly watches, all of which serve in the Temple on the pilgrimage Festivals. The sixteen offerings mentioned above were divided among sixteen priestly watches, one offering per watch. bFourteen sheep remained tobe divided among the beightremaining bwatches. On the first dayof the Festival, bsixof the eight remaining watches bsacrifice twosheep beachfor a total of twelve, band the remainingtwo watches sacrifice bonesheep beach. /b, bOn the secondday of the Festival, i.e., the first day of the intermediate days, when twelve bulls were sacrificed, fifteen of the priestly watches sacrifice the bulls, rams, and goat, bfiveof the remaining watches bsacrifice twosheep beach, and the remainingfour watches sacrifice bonesheep beach. On the thirdday of the Festival, when eleven bulls were sacrificed, fourteen of the priestly watches sacrifice the bulls, rams, and goat, bfourof the remaining watches bsacrifice twosheep beach, and the remainingsix watches sacrifice bonesheep beach. /b, bOn the fourthday of the Festival, when ten bulls were sacrificed, thirteen of the priestly watches sacrifice the bulls, rams, and goat, bthreeof the remaining watches bsacrifice twosheep beach, and the remainingeight watches sacrifice bonesheep beach. On the fifthday, when nine bulls were sacrificed, twelve watches sacrifice the bulls, rams, and goat, btwoof the twelve remaining watches bsacrifice twosheep beach, and the remainingten watches sacrifice bonesheep beach. On the sixthday, when eight bulls were sacrificed, eleven watches sacrifice the bulls, rams, and goat, boneof the remaining watches bsacrifices twosheep, band the remainingtwelve watches sacrifice bonesheep beach. /b, bOn the seventhday bthey are all equaland bring one offering each. bOn the eighthday, when there was a completely different configuration of offerings, bthey returned to thestandard blotterysystem used to determine which of the priestly watches would sacrifice the offerings, basthey did bon the other pilgrimage Festivals,which do not have as many offerings as does iSukkot /i. bThey saidabout the ordering of the priestly watches: bOne who sacrificed bulls today will not sacrificebulls btomorrow; rather,they will sacrifice one of the other types of offerings. bThey rotate,so that each of the watches will have the opportunity to sacrifice bulls as well as other animals., strongGEMARA: /strong The Gemara suggests: bLet us saythat bthe mishnathat says that on the eighth day they returned to the standard lottery of the other pilgrimage Festivals bisaccording to bRabbiYehuda HaNasi band notaccording to bthe Rabbis. As it is taughtin a ibaraita /i: To determine the priestly watch that would sacrifice bthe bull that comesas an additional offering bon the EighthDay of Assembly, bthey draw lots over it from the beginning;this is bthe statement of RabbiYehuda HaNasi. bAnd the Rabbis say: One of the two watches that did not sacrifice three bullsduring iSukkot bsacrifices it.Only two of the twenty-four watches sacrifices two bulls over the course of iSukkot /i. Each of the other watches sacrifices three bulls. Since the mishna mentions that a lottery was held, apparently the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi.,The Gemara rejects this suggestion: bEvenif byou saythat it is in accordance with the opinion of bthe Rabbis, is that to say that the tworemaining bpriestly watches are not required to draw lotsto determine which will merit sacrificing the bull?,The Gemara asks: bIn accordance with whoseopinion bis that which is taughtin a ibaraita /i: bAll of the priestly watchessacrifice a bull btwice and threetimes, bexcept for two watches thatsacrifice a bull btwice and do notsacrifice a bull bthreetimes? bLet us saythat it is in accordance with the opinion of bRabbiYehuda HaNasi band notin accordance with the opinion of bthe Rabbis,as they hold that one of those watches sacrifices a third bull on the Eighth Day of Assembly. The Gemara rejects this suggestion: bEvenif byou saythat it is in accordance with the opinion of bthe Rabbis; what isthe meaning of the phrase: bThey did notsacrifice a bull bthreetimes? It means that bwith regard to the bulls of the festivalof iSukkotthey did not sacrifice a bull three times.,The Gemara asks: With regard to the bulls sacrificed on iSukkot /i, bwhat doesthe ibaraita bteach us?It is a simple calculation that seventy bulls divided by twenty-four watches leaves two watches that sacrificed only two bulls. The Gemara answers: bThisis what the ibaraitacomes to bteach us: One who sacrificed bulls today will not sacrificebulls btomorrow; rather, they rotate.Therefore, each watch sacrifices at least two bulls, and most of them sacrifice three., bRabbi Elazar said: These seventy bullsthat are sacrificed as additional offerings over the course of the seven days of iSukkot /i, bto what do they correspond? They correspond to the seventy nationsof the world, and are brought to atone for their sins and to hasten world peace. bWhyis ba single bullsacrificed on the Eighth Day of Assembly? bIt corresponds to the singular nation,Israel.,The Gemara cites ba parableabout ba king of flesh and blood who said to his servants: Prepare me a great feastthat will last for several days. When the feast concluded, bon the last day, he said to his belovedservant: bPrepare me a small feast so that I can derive pleasure from youalone., bRabbi Yoḥa said: Woe unto the nationsof the world bthat lostsomething band do not know what they lost. When the Temple is standing, theseventy bulls sacrificed on the baltarduring the festival of iSukkot batones for them. And nowthat the Temple is destroyed, bwho atones for them? /b, strongMISHNA: /strong bAt three times during the year, alltwenty-four bpriestly watcheshave bequalstatus, in that all receive a share in the Temple service independent of the standard order of the watches and all receive a share in the accompanying gifts of the priesthood: bIn the portions of the offerings of the Festivalssacrificed on the altar band in the distribution of the shewbreadon Shabbat during the Festivals., bOn iShavuot /ithat coincides with Shabbat, when the two loaves offered on iShavuotwould be distributed together with the distribution of the shewbread, the priest charged with the distribution bsays toeach priest: bHere is imatza /ifrom the shewbread bfor you,and bhere is leavened breadfrom the two loaves bfor you.The principle is that bthe priestly watch whose time is fixedduring the Festival bsacrificesthe bdaily offeringsduring the Festival, as well as vow-offerings, bfree-will offerings, and all other communal offerings. Andthat watch bsacrifices all of themeven during the Festival, when other aspects of the service are shared by all the watches., strongGEMARA: /strong The Gemara wonders: How is it that the priests divide those bportions of the Festival offerings?Don’t btheybelong bto God,and must be placed on the altar? How do the priestly watches share these portions? bRav Ḥisda said:The mishna is referring not to portions sacrificed on the altar [ ieimurim /i] but to bwhat was stated [ iamur /i] with regard to the pilgrimage Festivals,all those portions of the offerings that the Torah commanded to sacrifice at the Temple that are not burnt on the altar and are shared by the priests, e.g., hides of the burnt-offerings of appearance and the breast and thigh of the Festival peace-offerings., bThe Sages taught: From whereis it derived bthat all of the priestly watcheshave bequalstatus bin the portions of the Festival offerings? The verse states:“And if a Levite comes from any of your gates out of all Israel, where he sojourns, band comes with all the desire of his soulunto the place that the Lord shall choose; bthen he shall minister /b…as all his brethren…They shall have like portions to eat, besides the transactions of their fathers’ houses” (Deuteronomy 18:6–8). Based on these verses, one bmighthave thought that bthisis the case beven on the rest of the days of the yearand the priestly watches would have equal status. Therefore, bthe verse states: From one of your gates. I saidthat all have equal status bonly when all of Israel enters through one gate,i.e., on a pilgrimage Festival.,The mishna continues: bAnd in the distribution of the shewbreadon the three pilgrimage Festivals, all twenty-four priestly watches have equal status. bThe Sages taught: From whereis it derived bthat all of the priestly watcheshave bequalstatus bin the distribution of the shewbread? /b
48. Babylonian Talmud, Yevamot, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

60b. והא אמר רבי שמעון ראויה לכהן גדול מטמא לה שאין ראויה לכהן גדול אין מטמא לה שאני התם דרבי רחמנא קרובה,א"ה מוכת עץ נמי [רבי] קרובה אחת ולא שתים ומה ראית הא אתעביד בה מעשה הא לא אתעביד בה מעשה,ורבי יוסי מדשבקיה לבר זוגיה מכלל דבמוכת עץ כרבי מאיר סבירא ליה מנא ליה מלא היתה לאיש,והא אפיקתיה חד מלא היתה וחד מלאיש,אליו לרבות הבוגרת והא אמר ר' שמעון בתולה בתולה שלימה משמע טעמא דידיה נמי התם מהכא דדריש הכי מדאליו לרבות הבוגרת מכלל דבתולה בתולה שלימה משמע,תניא ר' שמעון בן יוחי אומר גיורת פחותה מבת שלש שנים ויום אחד כשירה לכהונה שנאמר (במדבר לא, יח) וכל הטף בנשים אשר לא ידעו משכב זכר החיו לכם והרי פנחס עמהם,ורבנן לעבדים ולשפחות אי הכי בת שלש שנים ויום אחד נמי,כדרב הונא דרב הונא רמי כתיב (במדבר לא, יז) כל אשה יודעת איש למשכב זכר הרוגו הא אינה יודעת קיימו מכלל דהטף בין ידעו בין לא ידעו קיימו וכתיב (במדבר לא, יח) וכל הטף בנשים אשר לא ידעו משכב זכר החיו לכם הא ידעי הרוגו,הוי אומר בראויה ליבעל הכתוב מדבר,תניא נמי הכי וכל אשה יודעת איש בראויה ליבעל הכתוב מדבר אתה אומר בראויה ליבעל או אינו אלא נבעלה ממש כשהוא אומר וכל הטף בנשים אשר לא ידעו משכב זכר הוי אומר בראויה ליבעל הכתוב מדבר,מנא ידעי אמר רב הונא בר ביזנא אמר ר' שמעון חסידא העבירום לפני הציץ כל שפניה מוריקות בידוע שהיא ראויה ליבעל כל שאין פניה מוריקות בידוע שאינה ראויה ליבעל אמר רב נחמן סימן לעבירה הדרוקן,כיוצא בדבר אתה אומר (שופטים כא, יב) וימצאו מיושבי יבש גלעד ארבע מאות נערה בתולה אשר לא ידעו איש למשכב זכר מנא ידעי אמר רב כהנא הושיבום על פי חבית של יין בעולה ריחה נודף בתולה אין ריחה נודף,ונעברינהו לפני הציץ אמר רב כהנא בריה דרב נתן (שמות כח, לח) לרצון להם כתיב לרצון ולא לפורענות אי הכי במדין נמי אמר רב אשי להם כתיב להם לרצון ולא לפורענות ולעובדי כוכבים אפילו לפורענות,אמר רבי יעקב בר אידי אמר רבי יהושע בן לוי הלכה כרבי שמעון בן יוחאי אמר ליה רבי זירא לרבי יעקב בר אידי בפירוש שמיע לך או מכללא שמיע לך,מאי כללא דאמר ר' יהושע בן לוי עיר אחת היתה בארץ ישראל שקרא עליה ערער ושגר רבי את רבי רומנוס ובדקה ומצא בה בת גיורת פחותה מבת שלש שנים ויום אחד והכשירה רבי לכהונה אמר ליה בפירוש שמיע לי,ואי מכללא מאי דלמא שאני התם הואיל ואנסיב אנסיב דהא רב ורבי יוחנן דאמרי תרוייהו בוגרת ומוכת עץ לא ישא ואם נשא נשוי,הכי השתא בשלמא התם סופה להיות בוגרת תחתיו סופה להיות בעולה תחתיו הכא סופה להיות זונה תחתיו,רב ספרא מתני לה מכללא וקשיא ליה ומשני ליה הכי,ההוא כהנא דאנסיב גיורת פחותה מבת שלש שנים ויום אחד אמר ליה ר"נ בר יצחק מאי האי אמר ליה דאמר רבי יעקב בר אידי אמר ר' יהושע בן לוי הלכה כר"ש בן יוחאי אמר ליה זיל אפיק ואי לא מפיקנא לך ר' יעקב בר אידי מאונך,תניא וכן היה ר"ש בן יוחאי אומר 60b. bDidn’t Rabbi Shimon say:If she was bfit for a High Priest,her brother must bbecome impure for her,and if she was bnot fit for a High Priest,her brother bmay not become impure for her?A divorced woman is not fit for a High Priest even if she had been only betrothed before her divorce. The Gemara answers: bIt is different there, as the Merciful One includesher by the term: Who is bnear,which includes any sister who is close to him, even if she is unfit for a High Priest.,The Gemara asks: bIf so, a woman whose hymen was torn accidentallyshould balsobe bincluded.The Gemara responds that the term: Who is bnear,which is written in the singular, includes only boneadditional case band not two.The Gemara asks: bAnd what did you seeto render forbidden a woman whose hymen was accidentally torn and permit a divorcée who had previously been only betrothed, and not the opposite? The Gemara answers: In bthiscase of the women whose hymen was torn, ban action has been performedon her body, whereas in bthatcase of the divorcée, bno action has been performedon her body.,The ibaraitacites Rabbi Yosei and Rabbi Shimon as holding that a priest may not become impure for his sister who was betrothed and then divorced, and it cites only Rabbi Shimon as holding that he may not become impure for his sister who was a grown woman. Based on this, the Gemara asks: bFromthe fact bthat Rabbi Yosei left his partner,Rabbi Shimon, bit may be inferred that with regard to a woman whose hymen was torn accidentally he holds in accordance withthe opinion of bRabbi Meir,that a priest does become impure. bFrom wheredoes bhederive this ihalakha /i? The Gemara explains that he derives it bfromthe phrase: “Who bhas had no man,”as a woman whose hymen was torn accidentally has not been with a man.,The Gemara asks: bHaven’t youalready bderivedthe ihalakhaof a betrothed woman from that phrase? The Gemara answers: Rabbi Yosei learns bone ihalakha bfromthe phrase b“has had no,”which indicates that she has not even been betrothed, bandhe derives bone ihalakha bfromthe term b“man,”which indicates that only a woman who was with a man is no longer considered a virgin with regard to this ihalakha /i, but not one whose hymen was torn accidentally.,It was stated previously that according to Rabbi Shimon, the term b“to him,”comes bto include a grown woman.The Gemara asks: bDidn’t Rabbi Shimon saywith regard to a High Priest that the term bvirgin indicates a complete virgin,which does not include a grown woman? The Gemara answers: bHis reason there is alsoderived bfrom here, as he expounds as follows: Fromthe fact bthatthe expression b“to him”is needed bto include a grown woman,it may be binferred thatthe term bvirginby itself bindicates a complete virgin. /b,§ The Gemara cites another ruling of Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai, also related to the discussion of defining who is considered a virgin. bIt is taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai says: A female convertwho converted when she was bless than three years and one day old is permitted tomarry into bthe priesthood, as it is stated: “But all the women children that have not known man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves”(Numbers 31:18). This verse indicates that these women were fit for all of the warriors, bandsince bPinehasthe priest bwas with them(see Numbers 31:6), it is clear that young converts are permitted to priests.,The Gemara asks: bAndhow do bthe Rabbis,who disagree with Rabbi Shimon, interpret this verse? The Gemara responds: They understand the phrase “keep alive for yourselves” to mean that they could keep them bas slaves and as maidservants,but they could not necessarily marry them. The Gemara asks: bIf so,if the source for Rabbi Shimon’s ruling is this verse, a girl who converted at the bage of three years and one day oldshould balsobe permitted to a priest, as long as she has never had intercourse, as stated by the verse.,The Gemara replies: His reasoning is basstated by bRav Huna, as Rav Huna raised a contradiction: It is writtenin one verse: b“Kill every woman that has known man by lying with him”(Numbers 31:17), which indicates that a woman who bhas not knowna man in this way byou may keepalive. This proves bby inference that thefemale bchildren,who are not classified as women, byou may keepalive regardless of bwhether they knewa man bor they did not knowa man. bAnd it is writtenin a different verse: b“But all the women children that have not known man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves”(Numbers 31:18), which indicates that if bthey have knownmen, byou must killthem. This is an apparent contradiction.,Rav Huna explains: bYou must say that the verse is speaking ofa woman who is bfit for intercourse.The verse does not mean to distinguish between women who have actually engaged in sexual intercourse and those who have not. Rather, it distinguishes between a girl over the age of three, with whom an act of intercourse is recognized as such, and a girl below the age of three., bThis is also taughtin a ibaraita /i: b“Every woman that has known man”; the verse is speaking ofa woman bwho is fit for intercourse.The ibaraitaproceeds to discuss this ihalakha /i: Do byou sayit is referring btoone who is bfit for intercourse,or perhaps bit isreferring bonlyto bone who has actually had intercourse? Whenthe verse bstates: “But all the women children that have not known man by lying with him,keep alive for yourselves,” which indicates that grown women must be killed even if they have not had intercourse with a man, byou must say that the verse is speaking ofa woman bwho is fit for intercourse. /b,The Gemara asks a practical question with regard to the events described by the Torah: bFrom where did they knowwhether a particular girl was already three years old and fit for intercourse? bRav Huna bar Bizna said that Rabbi Shimon Ḥasida said: They passed them before the frontplateof the High Priest. bAnygirl bwhose facemiraculously bturned sallow, it was known that she was fit for intercourse,and banygirl bwhose face did not turn sallow, itwas thereby bknown that she was not fit for intercourse.Similarly, bRav Naḥman said: A sign of transgressionin the area of sexual morality bisthe disease ihidrokan /i,which causes one’s face to turn sallow., bSimilarly, youcan bsaywith regard to the verse: b“And they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead four hundred young virgins that had not known man by lying with him”(Judges 21:12). bFrom where did they knowthat they were virgins? bRav Kahana said: They sat them on the opening of a barrel of wine.If she was ba non-virgin, her breathwould bsmelllike wine; if she was ba virgin, her breath did not smelllike wine.,The Gemara suggests: bThey shouldhave bpassed them before the frontplate,as described previously with regard to the daughters of Midian. bRav Kahana, son of Rav Natan, said:The verse states with regard to the frontplate: “And it shall be upon Aaron’s forehead… bthat they may be acceptedbefore the Lord” (Exodus 28:38), which indicates that the frontplate is worn bfor acceptance but not for calamity.The Gemara raises a difficulty: bIf so,the frontplate should balsonot have been used bwith regard tothe women of bMidian. Rav Ashi said:The word b“they” is writtenin the verse, indicating that bfor them,the Jewish people, the frontplate is bfor acceptance but not for calamity; but for gentilesit can be used beven for calamity. /b, bRabbi Ya’akov bar Idi saidthat bRabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: The ihalakhais in accordance withthe opinion of bRabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai. Rabbi Zeira said to Rabbi Ya’akov bar Idi:Did byou hearRabbi Yehoshua ben Levi say this bexplicitly ordid byou learnit bby inference? /b,The Gemara asks: bWhat inferencewas Rabbi Zeira hinting at? The Gemara explains: bAs Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: There was a certain city in Eretz Yisrael where they contestedthe lineage of a particular family. bAnd RabbiYehuda HaNasi bsent Rabbi Romanus, and he examinedthe family’s lineage band foundthat bitincluded bthe daughterof ba convertwho had converted when she was bless than three years and one day old,and she had married a priest. bAnd RabbiYehuda HaNasi bpermitted her to the priesthood.This indicates that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi ruled in accordance with Rabbi Shimon. Rabbi Ya’akov bar Idi bsaid to him: I heard explicitlythat Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi ruled in this manner.,The Gemara asks: bAnd ifRabbi Yehoshua ben Levi’s opinion had been derived bby inference, whatof it? The Gemara answers: bPerhaps it was different there,because bsince shehad already bmarrieda priest, bshecould remain bmarriedafter the fact, but it would not be permitted for her to marry a priest iab initio /i, basit is bRav and Rabbi Yoḥa who both say:A High Priest bmay not marry a grown woman and a woman whose hymen was torn accidentally, but if he marriedone of them bhe is marriedand not required to divorce her.,The Gemara refutes this claim: bHow canthese cases bbe compared? Granted, there,in the case of a grown woman, it is reasonable for her to be permitted after the fact, as a young woman bwill eventually be a grown woman under him,i.e., while married to him, and bshe will eventually be a non-virgin under him.However, bhere,in the case of a convert, bwill she eventually be a izonaunder him?If she is forbidden to a priest iab initioit is because she has the status of a izona /i, in which case she should be prohibited after the fact as well. Consequently, it can be proven from the incident cited previously that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi rules in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon.,The Gemara comments: bRav Safra taught this ihalakhaafter deriving Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi’s ruling bby inference,although he had never heard this ruling explicitly. bAndthe question mentioned above was bdifficult for him, and he resolved it in thissame manner.,The Gemara relates another incident related to this ihalakha /i: bA certain priest married a convert,who had converted when she was bless than three years and one day old. Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak said to him: What is this?Why are you violating the ihalakha /i? bHe said to him:It is permitted for me to marry her, bas Rabbi Ya’akov bar Idi said that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi saidthat bthe ihalakhais in accordance withthe opinion of bRabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai. He said to him: Go removeher, i.e., divorce her. bAnd if not, I will remove Rabbi Ya’akov bar Idi from your ear [ ime’unekh /i] for you.In other words, I will take the necessary action to ensure that you obey and divorce her, so that you can no longer follow Rabbi Ya’akov bar Idi’s opinion.,§ bIt is taughtin a ibaraita /i: bAnd similarly, Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai would say: /b
49. Babylonian Talmud, Yoma, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

86b. אמר ר' יוחנן גדולה תשובה שדוחה את לא תעשה שבתורה שנאמר (ירמיהו ג, א) לאמר הן ישלח איש את אשתו והלכה מאתו והיתה לאיש אחר הישוב אליה עוד הלא חנוף תחנף הארץ ההיא ואת זנית רעים רבים ושוב אלי נאם ה',א"ר יונתן גדולה תשובה (שמקרבת) את הגאולה שנאמר (ישעיהו נט, כ) ובא לציון גואל ולשבי פשע ביעקב מה טעם ובא לציון גואל משום דשבי פשע ביעקב,אמר ריש לקיש גדולה תשובה שזדונות נעשות לו כשגגות שנאמר (הושע יד, ב) שובה ישראל עד ה' אלהיך כי כשלת בעונך הא עון מזיד הוא וקא קרי ליה מכשול איני והאמר ריש לקיש גדולה תשובה שזדונות נעשות לו כזכיות שנאמר (יחזקאל לג, יט) ובשוב רשע מרשעתו ועשה משפט וצדקה עליהם (חיה) יחיה לא קשיא כאן מאהבה כאן מיראה,אמר ר' שמואל בר נחמני אמר ר' יונתן גדולה תשובה שמארכת שנותיו של אדם שנאמר (יחזקאל יח, כז) ובשוב רשע מרשעתו (חיו) יחיה,אמר ר' יצחק אמרי במערבא משמיה דרבה בר מרי בא וראה שלא כמדת הקדוש ברוך הוא מדת בשר ודם מדת בשר ודם מקניט את חבירו בדברים ספק מתפייס הימנו ספק אין מתפייס הימנו וא"ת מתפייס הימנו ספק מתפייס בדברים ספק אין מתפייס בדברים,אבל הקב"ה אדם עובר עבירה בסתר מתפייס ממנו בדברים שנאמר (הושע יד, ג) קחו עמכם דברים ושובו אל ה' ולא עוד אלא שמחזיק לו טובה שנאמר וקח טוב ולא עוד אלא שמעלה עליו הכתוב כאילו הקריב פרים שנאמר (הושע יד, ג) ונשלמה פרים שפתינו שמא תאמר פרי חובה ת"ל (הושע יד, ה) ארפא משובתם אוהבם נדבה,תניא היה ר"מ אומר גדולה תשובה שבשביל יחיד שעשה תשובה מוחלין לכל העולם כולו שנא' ארפא משובתם אוהבם נדבה כי שב אפי ממנו מהם לא נאמר אלא ממנו,היכי דמי בעל תשובה אמר רב יהודה כגון שבאת לידו דבר עבירה פעם ראשונה ושניה וניצל הימנה מחוי רב יהודה באותה אשה באותו פרק באותו מקום,א"ר יהודה רב רמי כתיב (תהלים לב, א) אשרי נשוי פשע כסוי חטאה וכתיב (משלי כח, יג) מכסה פשעיו לא יצליח לא קשיא הא בחטא מפורסם הא בחטא שאינו מפורסם רב זוטרא בר טוביה אמר רב נחמן כאן בעבירות שבין אדם לחבירו כאן בעבירות שבין אדם למקום,תניא ר' יוסי בר יהודה אומר אדם עובר עבירה פעם ראשונה מוחלין לו שניה מוחלין לו שלישית מוחלין לו רביעית אין מוחלין לו שנאמר (עמוס ב, ו) כה אמר ה' על שלשה פשעי ישראל ועל ארבעה לא אשיבנו (ונאמר) (איוב לג, כט) הן כל אלה יפעל אל פעמים שלש עם גבר,מאי ואומר וכי תימא הני מילי בציבור אבל ביחיד לא ת"ש הן כל אלה יפעל אל פעמים שלש עם גבר מכאן ואילך אין מוחלין לו שנאמר על שלשה פשעי ישראל ועל ארבעה לא אשיבנו,ת"ר עבירות שהתודה עליהן יוה"כ זה לא יתודה עליהן יום הכפורים אחר ואם שנה בהן צריך להתודות יוה"כ אחר ואם לא שנה בהן וחזר והתודה עליהן עליו הכתוב אומר (משלי כו, יא) ככלב שב על קיאו כסיל שונה באולתו,רבי אליעזר בן יעקב אומר כ"ש שהוא משובח שנאמר (תהלים נא, ה) כי פשעי אני אדע וחטאתי נגדי תמיד אלא מה אני מקיים ככלב שב על קיאו וגו' כדרב הונא דאמר רב הונא כיון שעבר אדם עבירה ושנה בה הותרה לו הותרה לו סלקא דעתך אלא אימא נעשית לו כהיתר,וצריך לפרוט את החטא שנאמר (שמות לב, לא) אנא חטא העם הזה חטאה גדולה ויעשו להם אלהי זהב דברי ר' יהודה בן בבא רבי עקיבא אומר אשרי נשוי פשע כסוי חטאה אלא מהו שאמר משה ויעשו להם אלהי זהב כדר' ינאי דאמר ר' ינאי אמר משה לפני הקדוש ברוך הוא רבש"ע כסף וזהב שהרבית להם לישראל עד שאמרו די גרם להם שיעשו אלהי זהב,שני פרנסים טובים עמדו להם לישראל משה ודוד משה אמר יכתב סורחני שנאמר (במדבר כ, יב) יען לא האמנתם בי להקדישני דוד אמר אל יכתב סורחני שנאמר אשרי נשוי פשע כסוי חטאה,משל דמשה ודוד למה הדבר דומה לשתי נשים שלקו בבית דין אחת קלקלה ואחת אכלה פגי שביעית אמרה להן אותה שאכלה פגי שביעית בבקשה מכם הודיעו על מה היא לוקה שלא יאמרו על מה שזו לוקה זו לוקה הביאו פגי שביעית ותלו בצוארה והיו מכריזין לפניה ואומרין על עסקי שביעית היא לוקה,מפרסמין את החנפין מפני חילול השם שנאמר (יחזקאל ג, כ) ובשוב צדיק מצדקו ועשה עול ונתתי מכשול לפניו תשובת המוחלטין מעכבת הפורענות ואע"פ שנחתם עליו גזר דין של פורענות,שלות רשעים סופה תקלה והרשות מקברת את בעליה ערום נכנס לה וערום יצא ממנה ולואי שתהא יציאה כביאה רב כי הוה נפיק למידן דינא אמר הכי בצבו נפשיה לקטלא נפיק וצבו ביתיה לית הוא עביד וריקן לביתיה אזיל ולואי שתהא ביאה כיציאה,רבא כי הוה נפיק לדינא אמר הכי 86b. § bRabbi Yoḥa said: Great is repentance, asit boverrideseven ba prohibition of the Torah.How so? bAs it is statedthat God said: b“…Saying: If a man sends away his wife and she goes from him and becomes another man’s, may he return to her again? Will not that land be greatly polluted? But you have committed adultery with many lovers; and would you yet return to Me, said the Lord”(Jeremiah 3:1). Indeed, the Torah states: “Her former husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife after she has been made impure” (Deuteronomy 24:4). The relationship between the Jewish people and the Holy One, Blessed be He, is compared to that between a husband and wife. Just as it is prohibited for an adulterous wife to return to her husband, it should be prohibited for the Jewish people to return to God from their sins, yet repentance overrides this prohibition., bRabbi Yonatan said: Great is repentance, which hastens the redemption, as it is stated: “And a redeemer will come to Zion, and to those who repent from transgression in Jacob”(Isaiah 59:20). bWhat is the reasonthat ba redeemer will come to Zion?It is bbecausethere are bthose who repent from transgression in Jacob. /b, bReish Lakish said: Great is repentance, asthe penitent’s bintentional sins are counted for him as unwitting transgressions, as it is stated: “Return, Israel, to the Lord your God, for you have stumbled in your iniquity”(Hosea 14:2). The Gemara analyzes this: bDoesn’t “iniquity”mean ban intentional sin? Yetthe prophet bcalls it stumbling,implying that one who repents is considered as though he only stumbled accidentally in his transgression. The Gemara asks: bIs that so? Didn’t Reish Lakishhimself bsay: Great is repentance, as one’s intentional sins are counted for him as merits, as it is stated: “And when the wicked turns from his wickedness, and does that which is lawful and right, he shall live thereby”(Ezekiel 33:19), and all his deeds, even his transgressions, will become praiseworthy? The Gemara reconciles: This is bnot difficult: Here,when one repents bout of love,his sins become like merits; bthere,when one repents bout of fear,his sins are counted as unwitting transgressions., bRabbi Shmuel bar Naḥmani saidthat bRabbi Yonatan said: Great is repentance, which lengthensthe byears of a person’slife, bas it is stated: “When the wicked man turns from his wickednessthat he has committed, and does that which is lawful and right, bhe will preserve his life”(Ezekiel 18:27).,§ bRabbi Yitzḥak said: They say in the West,Eretz Yisrael, bin the name of Rabba bar Mari: Come and see that the attribute of flesh and blood is unlike the attribute of the Holy One, Blessed be He.With bflesh and bloodpeople, if one binsults his friend with words, it is uncertain whetherthe victim will bbe appeased by him orwill bnot be appeased by him. And if you say he will be appeased, it isstill buncertain whether hewill bbe appeased by wordsalone borwill bnot be appeased by wordsalone, and one must try to appease him in other ways., bButwith regard to bthe Holy One, Blessed be He,if ba person commits a transgression in private,God bis appeased by words, as it is stated: “Take with you words and return to God”(Hosea 14:3). bAnd not only that, butGod bconsiders itas though he has done ba favorfor God by repenting, bas it is stated: “Accept that which is good”(Hosea 14:3). bAnd not only that, but the verse ascribes himcredit bas though he had sacrificed bulls, as it is stated: “So we will render for bulls the offering of our lips”(Hosea 14:3). bLest you sayhe is considered only like one who offers bobligatory bulls,therefore bthe verse states: “I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely”(Hosea 14:5). Repentance is considered as though it were the sacrifice of a free-will offering., bIt was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Meir would say: Great is repentance because the entire world is forgiven on account ofone bindividual who repents, as it is stated: “I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely; for My anger has turned away from him”(Hosea 14:5). bIt does not say: From them,i.e., from the sinners, bbut “from him,”i.e., from that individual. Because he repented, everyone will be healed.,§ With regard to repentance, the Gemara asks: bWhat are the circumstancesthat demonstrate that one bhascompletely brepented? Rav Yehuda said: For example, the prohibited matter came to his hand a first time and a second time, and he was saved from it,thereby proving that he has completely repented. bRav Yehuda demonstratedwhat he meant: If one has the opportunity to sin bwith the same womanhe sinned with previously, bat the same timeand bthe same place,and everything is aligned as it was that first time when he sinned, but this time he overcomes his inclination, it proves his repentance is complete, and he is forgiven., bRav Yehuda saidthat bRav raised a contradiction: It is written: “Fortunate is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is hidden”(Psalms 32:1), implying that it is inappropriate for one to reveal his sins, band it is written: “He who hides his transgressions shall not prosper”(Proverbs 28:13). He resolved the contradiction as follows: This is bnot difficult. Hereit is referring to ba publicized sin;since his sin is public knowledge it is fitting for him to also publicize his repentance. bThere,it is referring bto a sin that is not publicized,in which case it is inappropriate to publicize one’s repentance. bRav Zutra bar Toviyasaid that bRav Naḥman said: Here,it is referring bto sins a person commits against another;he must publicize his repentance so that those who hear him may persuade the other to forgive him. bThere,it is referring bto sins a person commits against God,in which case he need not repent publicly.,§ bIt was taughtin a ibaraitathat bRabbi Yosei bar Yehuda says:When ba person commits a transgressionthe bfirst time, he is forgiven; a secondtime, bhe is forgiven; a thirdtime, bhe is forgiven;but the bfourthtime, bhe is not forgiven, as it is stated: “Thus said the Lord: For three transgressions of Israel, but for four I will not reverse it”(Amos 2:6). bAnd it says: “All these things does God do twice or three times with a man”(Job 33:29).,The Gemara asks: bWhat is: And it says?Why did he need to bring an additional biblical proof when the first verse seems to suffice? The Gemara explains: bLest you saythat bthisstatement that the Holy One, Blessed be He, forgives easily the first three times bapplies to a community but not to an individual, comeand bhearproof from another verse that states: b“All these things does God do twice or three times with a man,”implying that this is so even for an individual. bFrom thispoint bonward, he is not forgiven, as it is stated: “For three transgressions of Israel, but for four I will not reverse it.” /b,§ bThe Sages taughtin the iTosefta /i: With regard to btransgressions that one confessed on this Yom Kippur, he should not confess them on another Yom Kippur,since he has already been forgiven. bBut if he repeated thosesame transgressions during the year, bhe must confessthem again bon another Yom Kippur. And if he did not repeat them but did confess them again, about him the verse states: “As a dog that returns to its vomit, so is a fool who repeats his folly”(Proverbs 26:11), since it is inappropriate to go back and mention one’s earlier sins., bRabbi Eliezer ben Ya’akov says:If one confesses in subsequent years, ball the more so is he praiseworthy,as he remembers his earlier sins and is thereby humbled, bas it is stated: “For I know my transgressions; and my sin is ever before me”(Psalms 51:5). bBut how do I establish themeaning of the verse: b“Like a dog that returns to its vomit”?It may be established bin accordance with the opinion of Rav Huna, as Rav Huna said: When a person commits a transgression and repeats it, it is permitted to him.The Gemara is surprised at this: bCan it enter your mind that it is permitted to himbecause he has sinned twice? bRather, say it becomes to him as ifit were bpermitted. /b,Furthermore, during confession, bone must detail the sinhe committed and not suffice with a general admission of sin, bas it is stated:“And Moses returned to the Lord and said: bPlease, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made themselves a god of gold”(Exodus 32:31); this is bthe statement of Rabbi Yehuda ben Bava. Rabbi Akiva saysthat the verse states: b“Fortunate is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is hidden”(Psalms 32:1), which teaches that one need not detail his sins. bBut what isthe meaning of that bwhich Moses said: “And have made themselves a god of gold”(Exodus 32:31)? It should be understood bin accordance withthe statement bof Rabbi Yannai, as Rabbi Yannai said: Moses said before the Holy One, Blessed be He: Master of the universe,it is the bsilver and gold that you gave to the Jewish people in abundance, until they said: Enough,which bcaused them to make a god of gold.Consequently, the phrase: “And have made themselves a god of gold,” is not a description of the sin but an explanation and justification of it.,It is said that btwo good leaders arose for the Jewish people: Moses and David. Moses said: Let my disgrace be written,i.e., may the sin I committed be written explicitly, bas it is stated: “Because you did not believe in Me, to sanctify Me”(Numbers 20:12). In contrast, bDavid said: Let my disgrace not be written, as it is stated: “Fortunate is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is hidden”(Psalms 32:1).,The Gemara explains: bA parablewith regard to bMoses and Davidshows bto what this may be compared.It may be compared bto two women who were flogged in courtfor their sins. bOneof them bsinnedby engaging in forbidden relations, band one ate unripe figs of the Sabbatical Yearalthough they are forbidden. bThe woman who ate the unripe figs of the Sabbatical Year said tothe court: bPlease publicizethe sin bfor whichI am being bflogged, so thatpeople bwill not saythat bwhat thatwoman bis being flogged for isalso bwhat thiswoman bis being flogged for. They brought unripe figs of the Sabbatical Year, and hung them around her neck, and announced before her, saying: She is receiving lashes on account of the Sabbatical Year.Moses requested that his sin be publicized so that people would not think that he committed the same sins as the members of his generation, i.e., the Golden Calf and the report of the spies.,Furthermore, they said: bOne exposes the hypocrites due tothe bdesecration ofGod’s bname,so others will not think that they are truly righteous and that their deeds bear imitating, bas it is stated: “When a righteous man turns from his righteousness and commits iniquity, I will lay a stumbling block before him”(Ezekiel 3:20). That is, when people do not know that someone is wicked to the core, he causes other people to err and this desecrates the name of God when it is revealed. bThe repentance of utterlywicked bpeople prevents sufferingfrom coming upon them. bAnd although the sentence of judgment hasalready bbeen signedagainst them bfor suffering,their repentance prevents them from being punished., bThe tranquility of the wicked is ultimately their destruction,as in their contentment they sit and think about forbidden matters. bAnd authority buries one who owns it. He was naked when he enteredinto power, band he will be naked when he leaves it, and if only his exit would be like his entrance,without sin and added iniquity. The Gemara relates: bWhen Rav would leavehis home btogo to court to bjudge cases, hewould bsay thisof himself: bof his own will, he goes to die,because a judge who misjudges a case is liable to death at the hand of Heaven; band he does not fulfill the will of his household and he goes empty-handed to his household,because a judge does not receive a salary; band if only his entrance would be like his exit,without sin or transgression., bWhen Rava would go to judge, he would say thisof himself:
50. Anon., 4 Ezra, 7.28, 13.32-13.50, 14.48

7.28. For my son the Messiah shall be revealed with those who are with him, and those who remain shall rejoice four hundred years. 13.32. And when these things come to pass and the signs occur which I showed you before, then my Son will be revealed, whom you saw as a man coming up from the sea. 13.33. And when all the nations hear his voice, every man shall leave his own land and the warfare that they have against one another; 13.34. and an innumerable multitude shall be gathered together, as you saw, desiring to come and conquer him. 13.35. But he shall stand on the top of Mount Zion. 13.36. And Zion will come and be made manifest to all people, prepared and built, as you saw the mountain carved out without hands. 13.37. And he, my Son, will reprove the assembled nations for their ungodliness (this was symbolized by the storm) 13.38. and will reproach them to their face with their evil thoughts and the torments with which they are to be tortured (which were symbolized by the flames), and will destroy them without effort by the law (which was symbolized by the fire). 13.39. And as for your seeing him gather to himself another multitude that was peaceable 13.40. these are the ten tribes which were led away from their own land into captivity in the days of King Hoshea, whom Shalmaneser the king of the Assyrians led captive; he took them across the river, and they were taken into another land. 13.41. But they formed this plan for themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the nations and go to a more distant region, where mankind had never lived 13.42. that there at least they might keep their statutes which they had not kept in their own land. 13.43. And they went in by the narrow passages of the Euphrates river. 13.44. For at that time the Most High performed signs for them, and stopped the channels of the river until they had passed over. 13.45. Through that region there was a long way to go, a journey of a year and a half; and that country is called Arzareth. 13.46. Then they dwelt there until the last times; and now, when they are about to come again 13.47. the Most High will stop the channels of the river again, so that they may be able to pass over. Therefore you saw the multitude gathered together in peace. 13.48. But those who are left of your people, who are found within my holy borders, shall be saved. 13.49. Therefore when he destroys the multitude of the nations that are gathered together, he will defend the people who remain. 13.50. And then he will show them very many wonders. 14.48. And I did so.
51. Anon., Esther Rabbah, 1.12

1.12. עַל כִּסֵּא מַלְכוּתוֹ, רַבִּי כֹּהֵן בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי עֲזַרְיָה עַל כִּסֵּא מַלְכוּתוֹ, מַלְכֻתוֹ כְּתִיב, בָּא לֵישֵׁב עַל כִּסֵּא שְׁלֹמֹה וְלֹא הִנִּיחוּהוּ. אָמְרוּ לוֹ כָּל מֶלֶךְ שֶׁאֵינוֹ קוֹזְמוֹקְרָטוֹר בָּעוֹלָם אֵינוֹ יוֹשֵׁב עָלָיו, עָמַד וְעָשָׂה לוֹ כִּסֵּא מִשֶּׁלּוֹ, כִּדְמוּתוֹ. הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב עַל כִּסֵּא מַלְכוּתוֹ, עַל כִּסֵּא מַלְכֻתוֹ כְּתִיב, וְכִי אֵיזֶה כִּסֵּא הָיָה (מלכים א י, יח) (דברי הימים ב ט, יז): וַיַּעַשׂ הַמֶּלֶךְ כִּסֵּא שֵׁן גָּדוֹל, אָמַר רַבִּי אַחָא וְהָכְתִיב (מלכים ב י, א): וּלְאַחְאָב שִׁבְעִים בָּנִים בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן, אָמַר רַבִּי הוֹשַׁעְיָא רַבָּה כְּשֵׁם שֶׁהָיוּ לוֹ שִׁבְעִים בָּנִים בְּשׁוֹמְרוֹן כָּךְ הָיוּ לוֹ שִׁבְעִים בָּנִים בְּיִזְרְעֵאל, וְכָל אֶחָד וְאֶחָד הָיוּ לוֹ שְׁנֵי פַּלְטֵירִין, אֶחָד לִימוֹת הַחֹרֶף וְאֶחָד לִימוֹת הַקַּיִץ, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (עמוס ג, טו): וְהִכֵּיתִי בֵית הַחֹרֶף עַל בֵּית הַקָּיִץ. רַבִּי יוּדָא בְּרַבִּי סִימוֹן אָמַר אַרְבָּעָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (עמוס ג, טו): וְאָבְדוּ בָּתֵּי הַשֵּׁן. וְרַבָּנָן אָמְרֵי שִׁשָּׁה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (עמוס ג, טו): וְסָפוּ בָּתִּים רַבִּים נְאֻם ה', וְכָאן הוּא אוֹמֵר כִּסֵּא שֵׁן גָּדוֹל, רַבִּי הוֹשַׁעְיָא רַבָּה אוֹמֵר שֶׁהָיָה עָשׂוּי כְּטִירְכֵי מֶרְכַּבְתּוֹ שֶׁל מִי שֶׁאָמַר וְהָיָה הָעוֹלָם הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, וְכֵן הוּא אוֹמֵר: שֵׁשׁ מַעֲלוֹת לַכִּסֵּא, שֵׁשׁ כְּנֶגֶד שִׁשָּׁה רְקִיעִים. וְלֹא שִׁבְעָה הֵן, אָמַר רַבִּי אָבוּן הֵן דְּמַלְכָּא שָׁארֵי טִיטְיוֹן. שֵׁשׁ כְּנֶגֶד שֵׁשׁ אֲרָצוֹת: אֶרֶץ, אֲדָמָה, אַרְקָא, גַּיְא, צִיָּה, נְשִׁיָּה, תֵּבֵל. וּכְתִיב (תהלים ט, ט): וְהוּא יִשְׁפֹּט תֵּבֵל בְּצֶדֶק. שֵׁשׁ כְּנֶגֶד שִׁשָּׁה סִדְרֵי מִשְׁנָה: זְרָעִים, מוֹעֵד, נָשִׁים, נְזִיקִין, קָדָשִׁים וּטְהָרוֹת. שֵׁשׁ כְּנֶגֶד שֵׁשֶׁת יְמֵי בְרֵאשִׁית. שֵׁשׁ כְּנֶגֶד שֵׁשׁ אִמָּהוֹת: שָׂרָה, רִבְקָה, רָחֵל, וְלֵאָה, בִּלְהָה, זִלְפָּה. אָמַר רַבִּי הוּנָא שֵׁשׁ, כְּנֶגֶד שֵׁשׁ מִצְווֹת שֶׁהַמֶּלֶךְ הוּא מוּזְהָר עֲלֵיהֶם וּמְצֻוֶּה, דִּכְתִיב (דברים יז, יז): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים (דברים יז, יז): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ סוּסִים (דברים יז, יז): וְכֶסֶף וְזָהָב לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ מְאֹד (דברים טז, יט): לֹא תַטֶּה מִשְׁפָּט לֹא תַכִּיר פָּנִים וְלֹא תִקַּח שֹׁחַד. עָלָה בְּמַעֲלָה רִאשׁוֹנָה, הַכָּרוֹז מַכְרִיז וְאוֹמֵר לוֹ (דברים יז, יז): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לּוֹ נָשִׁים. בַּשְׁנִיָּה מַכְרִיז (דברים יז, טז): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לּוֹ סוּסִים. בַּשְּׁלִישִׁית מַכְרִיז (דברים יז, יז): וְכֶסֶף וְזָהָב לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ. בָּרְבִיעִית לֹא תַטֶּה מִשְׁפָּט. בַּחֲמִישִׁית לֹא תַכִּיר פָּנִים. בַּשִּׁשִּׁית לֹא תִקַּח שֹׁחַד. וְכֵן הוּא אוֹמֵר (מלכים א י, יט): וְיָדֹת מִזֶּה וּמִזֶּה אֶל מְקוֹם הַשָּׁבֶת, בִּישִׁיבָתוֹ בָּא לֵישֵׁב אוֹמֵר לוֹ דַּע לִפְנֵי מִי אַתָּה יוֹשֵׁב, לִפְנֵי מִי שֶׁאָמַר וְהָיָה הָעוֹלָם. אָמְרוּ כֵּיוָן שֶׁמֵּת שְׁלֹמֹה עָלָה שִׁישַׁק מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם וּנְטָלוֹ מֵהֶם, אָמַר רַבִּי שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָן הוּא שִׁישַׁק הוּא פַּרְעֹה, וְלָמָּה נִקְרָא שְׁמוֹ שִׁישַׁק מִפְּנֵי שֶׁבָּא בִּשְׁקִיקוּת עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַר הֲרֵינִי נוֹטֵל אוֹתוֹ בִּכְתֻבַּת בִּתִּי, עָשָׂה מִלְחָמָה עִם זֶרַח הַכּוּשִׁי וּנְטָלוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ, עָשָׂה אַסָּא מִלְחָמָה עִם זֶרַח הַכּוּשִׁי וְנָפַל בְּיָדוֹ וּנְטָלוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ. תָּאנָא אָסָא וְכָל מַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה יָשְׁבוּ עָלָיו, וְכֵיוָן שֶׁעָלָה נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר וְהֶחֱרִיב אֶת יְרוּשָׁלַיִם הִגְלָה אוֹתוֹ לְבָבֶל, וּמִבָּבֶל לְמָדַי, וּמִמָּדַי לְיָוָן, וּמִיָּוָן לֶאֱדוֹם. אָמַר רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בְּרַבִּי יוֹסֵי אֲנִי רָאִיתִי שְׁבָרָיו בְּרוֹמִי. נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר יָשַׁב עָלָיו, כּוֹרֶשׁ יָשַׁב עָלָיו, אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ בָּא לֵישֵׁב עָלָיו וְלֹא הִנִּיחוּהוּ, אָמְרוּ לֵיהּ מִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ עָשׂוּי קוֹזְמוֹקְרָטוֹר בָּעוֹלָם אֵינוֹ יוֹשֵׁב עָלָיו. עָמַד עָשָׂה מִשֶּׁלּוֹ בְּדָמִים, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב עַל כִּסֵּא מַלְכוּתוֹ, מַלְכֻתוֹ כְּתִיב. (מלכים א י, יט): וְרֹאשׁ עָגֹל לַכִּסֵּה מֵאַחֲרָיו, אָמַר רַבִּי אַחָא כַּהֲדָא קְדֵירָתָא דְּדַרְגֵּישׁ. וְיָדוֹת מִזֶּה וּמִזֶּה, עָלָה בַּמַּעֲלָה הָרִאשׁוֹנָה וְהָאֲרִי פּוֹשֵׁט לוֹ יָד, וּבַשְּׁנִיָּה נֶשֶׁר פּוֹשֵׁט לוֹ יָד, אֶל מְקוֹם הַשָּׁבֶת, כָּךְ מְקַבְּלִין אוֹתוֹ, וּבִמְקוֹם הַשֶּׁבֶת שַׁרְבִיט הַזָּהָב מֵאֲחוֹרָיו, וְיוֹנָה נְתוּנָה בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וַעֲטָרָה שֶׁל זָהָב בְּפִיהָ, כְּדֵי שֶׁיְהֵא הַמֶּלֶךְ יוֹשֵׁב בַּשֶּׁבֶת וַעֲטָרָה שֶׁל זָהָב נוֹגֵעַ וְאֵינוֹ נוֹגֵעַ.
52. Anon., 4 Baruch, 3.8

3.8. And Jeremiah said: Behold, Lord, now we know that you are delivering the city into the hands of its enemies, and they will take the people away to Babylon. What do you want me to do with the holy vessels of the temple service?
53. Anon., Letter of Aristeas, 46

46. holy law might prove advantageous to you and be carried out successfully. In the presence of all the people I selected six elders from each tribe, good men and true, and I have sent them to you with a copy of our law. It will be a kindness, O righteous king, if you will give instruction that as soon as the translation of the law is completed, the men shall be restored again to us in safety. Farewell.'


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
2 baruch Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 157
abimelech/ebed-melech Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 288, 294
adam Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 432
africanus Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 101
ahasuerus Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
angel Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 288
angels/angelic Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463
apocalypse/apocalyptic Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
aramaic Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
archangel, commands of Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 288
ark of the covenant Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 157
artaxeres Sigal, The Halakhah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew (2007) 76
babylon Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 159, 185
babylonian exile Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
belshazzar Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
blindness, age of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
chronology of biblical events VanderKam, Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Measuring Time (1998) 95
claudius, roman emperor, expulsion of jews from rome by Feldman, Judaism and Hellenism Reconsidered (2006) 728, 752
cyrus Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
daniel Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
darius Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
darius the mede Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
ditrani, isaiah Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
evil-merodach Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 159
exegesis Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
exile, length of VanderKam, Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Measuring Time (1998) 95
exile Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
exile babylonian Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
ezra Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 101
greek Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 37
hebrew, biblical Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
hebrew, masoretic Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
hebrew, qumran Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
hellenistic kings/rulers, antiochus iv epiphanes Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
honi the circle-drawer, rabbi Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 156
ibn ezra, a. Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
israel, nan Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463
jehoiachin Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
jeremiah Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
jerome, biblical interpretation Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 1169
jerome, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 1169
jerome, literal and allegorical exegesis Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 1169
jerome, use of jewish interpretations Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 1169
josephus Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 101; Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
jubilees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
julius Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 101
kugel, j. Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 159
law, pharisaic Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
laws, non-scriptural Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
letters/epistles Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 288, 294, 295, 297
life after death Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 297
light Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 432
luria, d. (radal) Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
marriage Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 294
messiah Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 157; Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 101
michael Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 101
moses Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 156
nebuchadnezzar Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 159
oath Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
orthography, masoretic, qumran Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
papyrus Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 294
parallelism/repetition Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 288
paton, l. Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
post-70 setting of 4 baruch Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 294
prayer Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463
presence, (thick) Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
priest and high priest Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 288
prophecies, conditional/unconditional nature of' Cohen, The Significance of Yavneh and other Essays in Jewish Hellenism (2010) 112
prophecy Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463; Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 101
ptolemaic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
rabbinic literature Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 37
rabbis, rabbinic literature Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
rashi (rabbi solomon b. isaac) Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
rava Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158, 185
revelation Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463
righteousness/the righteous/the just Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 157
romans/roman empire/rome Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 294
sanhedrin Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 37
seleucids Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
septuagint Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 37
seventy, shepherds Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
seventy, units of time Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
seventy, weeks Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
seventy, years Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
seventy languages Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 37
seventy nations Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 37
sexual life, relations Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
sinai, mount Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463
solomon, throne of Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
tablets, heavenly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
temple, desecration of Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
temple, destruction of first Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 55
temple, vessels Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
temple Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158, 185
temple in jerusalem, destruction of Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 432
temple in jerusalem, instruments, vessels, furnishings in Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 157
temple in jerusalem, rebuilding/restoration of Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 157, 432
temporal language Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
terebinth Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 294
testimony Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
thematization Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463
time Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
torah Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 297; Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463; Fraade, Multilingualism and Translation in Ancient Judaism: Before and After Babel (2023) 37
tree of life Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 432
tychê, as unconditional divine favor Cohen, The Significance of Yavneh and other Essays in Jewish Hellenism (2010) 112
visions Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 461
walfish, b. Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
wilderness Fraade, Legal Fictions: Studies of Law and Narrative in the Discursive Worlds of Ancient Jewish Sectarians and Sages (2011) 463
witnesses, qualifications of Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
women, testimony of Schiffman, Testimony and the Penal Code (1983) 70
yefeh anaf (by rabbi samuel jaffe) Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 158
zedekiah Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 185
ḥeinemann, i. Segal, The Babylonian Esther Midrash: To the end of Esther chapter 1 (1994) 159