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Eusebius Of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 5.3.4

nanThe followers of Montanus, Alcibiades and Theodotus in Phrygia were now first giving wide circulation to their assumption in regard to prophecy — for the many other miracles that, through the gift of God, were still wrought in the different churches caused their prophesying to be readily credited by many — and as dissension arose concerning them, the brethren in Gaul set forth their own prudent and most orthodox judgment in the matter, and published also several epistles from the witnesses that had been put to death among them. These they sent, while they were still in prison, to the brethren throughout Asia and Phrygia, and also to Eleutherus, who was then bishop of Rome, negotiating for the peace of the churches.

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 14.36 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14.36. What? Was it from you that the word of God went out? Or did it come toyou alone?
2. New Testament, Acts, 10.13-10.14 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10.13. A voice came to him, "Rise, Peter, kill and eat! 10.14. But Peter said, "Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean.
3. New Testament, Colossians, 2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4. New Testament, Hebrews, 13.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13.9. Don't be carried away by various and strange teachings, for it is good that the heart be established by grace, not by food, through which those who were so occupied were not benefited.
5. New Testament, Luke, 1.59-1.60, 1.67 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.59. It happened on the eighth day, that they came to circumcise the child; and they would have called him Zacharias, after the name of the father. 1.60. His mother answered, "Not so; but he will be called John. 1.67. His father, Zacharias, was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying
6. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 3.4.3, 10.26 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

10.26. ... From Haran, a city of Mesopotamia, (Abraham, by the command) of God, transfers his residence into the country which is now called Palestine and Judea, but then the region of Canaan. Now, concerning this territory, we have in part, but still not negligently, rendered an account in other discourses. From the circumstance, then, (of this migration) is traceable the beginning of an increase (of population) in Judea, which obtained its name from Judah, fourth son of Jacob, whose name was also called Israel, from the fact that a race of kings would be descended from him. Abraham removes from Mesopotamia (when 75 years, and) when 100 years old he begot Isaac. But Isaac, when 60 years of age, begot Jacob. And Jacob, when 86 years old, begot Levi; and Levi, at 40 years of age, begot; and Caath was four years of age when he went down with Jacob into Egypt. Therefore the entire period during which Abraham sojourned, and the entire family descended from him by Isaac, in the country then called Canaanitis, was 215 years. But the father of this Abraham is Thare, and of this Thare the father is Nachor, and of this Nachor the father is Serag, and of this Serag the father is Reu, and of this Reu the father is Peleg, and of this Peleg Genesis 11:16 the father is Heber. And so it comes to pass that the Jews are denominated by the name of Hebrews. In the time of Phaleg, however, arose the dispersion of nations. Now these nations were 72, corresponding with the number of Abraham's children. And the names of these nations we have likewise set down in other books, not even omitting this point in its own proper place. And the reason of our particularity is our desire to manifest to those who are of a studious disposition the love which we cherish towards the Divinity, and the indubitable knowledge respecting the Truth, which in the course of our labours we have acquired possession of. But of this Heber the father is Salah; and of this Salah the father is Caï; and of this Caï the father is Arphaxad, whose father is Shem; and of this Shem the father is Noah. And in Noah's time there occurred a flood throughout the entire world, which neither Egyptians, nor Chaldeans, nor Greeks recollect; for the inundations which took place in the age of Ogyges and Deucalion prevailed only in the localities where these dwelt. There are, then, in the case of these (patriarchs - that is, from Noah to Heber inclusive)- 5 generations, and 495 years. This Noah, inasmuch as he was a most religious and God-loving man, alone, with wife and children, and the three wives of these, escaped the flood that ensued. And he owed his preservation to an ark; and both the dimensions and relics of this ark are, as we have explained, shown to this day in the mountains called Ararat, which are situated in the direction of the country of the Adiabeni. It is then possible for those who are disposed to investigate the subject industriously, to perceive how clearly has been demonstrated the existence of a nation of worshippers of the true God, more ancient than all the Chaldeans, Egyptians, and Greeks. What necessity, however, is there at present to specify those who, anterior to Noah, were both devout men, and permitted to hold converse with the true God, inasmuch as, so far as the subject taken in hand is concerned, this testimony in regard of the antiquity of the people of God is sufficient?
7. Justin, Dialogue With Trypho, 47 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

47. Trypho: But if some one, knowing that this is so, after he recognises that this man is Christ, and has believed in and obeys Him, wishes, however, to observe these [institutions], will he be saved? Justin: In my opinion, Trypho, such an one will be saved, if he does not strive in every way to persuade other men - I mean those Gentiles who have been circumcised from error by Christ, to observe the same things as himself, telling them that they will not be saved unless they do so. This you did yourself at the commencement of the discourse, when you declared that I would not be saved unless I observe these institutions. Trypho: Why then have you said, 'In my opinion, such an one will be saved,' unless there are some who affirm that such will not be saved? Justin: There are such people, Trypho, and these do not venture to have any intercourse with or to extend hospitality to such persons; but I do not agree with them. But if some, through weak-mindedness, wish to observe such institutions as were given by Moses, from which they expect some virtue, but which we believe were appointed by reason of the hardness of the people's hearts, along with their hope in this Christ, and [wish to perform] the eternal and natural acts of righteousness and piety, yet choose to live with the Christians and the faithful, as I said before, not inducing them either to be circumcised like themselves, or to keep the Sabbath, or to observe any other such ceremonies, then I hold that we ought to join ourselves to such, and associate with them in all things as kinsmen and brethren. But if, Trypho, some of your race, who say they believe in this Christ, compel those Gentiles who believe in this Christ to live in all respects according to the law given by Moses, or choose not to associate so intimately with them, I in like manner do not approve of them. But I believe that even those, who have been persuaded by them to observe the legal dispensation along with their confession of God in Christ, shall probably be saved. And I hold, further, that such as have confessed and known this man to be Christ, yet who have gone back from some cause to the legal dispensation, and have denied that this man is Christ, and have repented not before death, shall by no means be saved. Further, I hold that those of the seed of Abraham who live according to the law, and do not believe in this Christ before death, shall likewise not be saved, and especially those who have anathematized and do anathematize this very Christ in the synagogues, and everything by which they might obtain salvation and escape the vengeance of fire. For the goodness and the loving-kindness of God, and His boundless riches, hold righteous and sinless the man who, as Ezekiel tells, repents of sins; and reckons sinful, unrighteous, and impious the man who fails away from piety and righteousness to unrighteousness and ungodliness. Wherefore also our Lord Jesus Christ said, 'In whatsoever things I shall take you, in these I shall judge you.'
8. Tertullian, Against Praxeas, 1.5 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

9. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 2.25.5, 5.1.9-5.1.10, 5.3.3, 5.4.1-5.4.2, 5.15-5.20, 5.16.3, 5.16.10, 5.16.13-5.16.14, 5.17.1-5.17.2, 5.18.4, 5.24, 5.28.6, 6.20.3 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

2.25.5. Thus publicly announcing himself as the first among God's chief enemies, he was led on to the slaughter of the apostles. It is, therefore, recorded that Paul was beheaded in Rome itself, and that Peter likewise was crucified under Nero. This account of Peter and Paul is substantiated by the fact that their names are preserved in the cemeteries of that place even to the present day. 5.1.9. When, afterwards, they were brought before him, and he treated us with the utmost cruelty, Vettius Epagathus, one of the brethren, and a man filled with love for God and his neighbor, interfered. His life was so consistent that, although young, he had attained a reputation equal to that of the elder Zacharias: for he 'walked in all the commandments and ordices of the Lord blameless,' and was untiring in every good work for his neighbor, zealous for God and fervent in spirit. Such being his character, he could not endure the unreasonable judgment against us, but was filled with indignation, and asked to be permitted to testify in behalf of his brethren, that there is among us nothing ungodly or impious. 5.1.10. But those about the judgment seat cried out against him, for he was a man of distinction; and the governor refused to grant his just request, and merely asked if he also were a Christian. And he, confessing this with a loud voice, was himself taken into the order of the witnesses, being called the Advocate of the Christians, but having the Advocate in himself, the Spirit more abundantly than Zacharias. He showed this by the fullness of his love, being well pleased even to lay down his life in defense of the brethren. For he was and is a true disciple of Christ, 'following the Lamb wherever he goes.' 5.3.3. And Alcibiades obeyed, and partook of all things without restraint, giving thanks to God. For they were not deprived of the grace of God, but the Holy Ghost was their counselor. Let this suffice for these matters. 5.4.1. The same witnesses also recommended Irenaeus, who was already at that time a presbyter of the parish of Lyons, to the above-mentioned bishop of Rome, saying many favorable things in regard to him, as the following extract shows: 5.4.2. We pray, father Eleutherus, that you may rejoice in God in all things and always. We have requested our brother and comrade Irenaeus to carry this letter to you, and we ask you to hold him in esteem, as zealous for the covet of Christ. For if we thought that office could confer righteousness upon any one, we should commend him among the first as a presbyter of the church, which is his position. 5.16.3. He commences his work in this manner:Having for a very long and sufficient time, O beloved Avircius Marcellus, been urged by you to write a treatise against the heresy of those who are called after Miltiades, I have hesitated till the present time, not through lack of ability to refute the falsehood or bear testimony for the truth, but from fear and apprehension that I might seem to some to be making additions to the doctrines or precepts of the Gospel of the New Testament, which it is impossible for one who has chosen to live according to the Gospel, either to increase or to diminish. 5.16.10. For the faithful in Asia met often in many places throughout Asia to consider this matter, and examined the novel utterances and pronounced them profane, and rejected the heresy, and thus these persons were expelled from the Church and debarred from communion. 5.16.13. But by another kind of death Montanus and Maximilla are said to have died. For the report is that, incited by the spirit of frenzy, they both hung themselves; not at the same time, but at the time which common report gives for the death of each. And thus they died, and ended their lives like the traitor Judas. 5.16.14. So also, as general report says, that remarkable person, the first steward, as it were, of their so-called prophecy, one Theodotus — who, as if at sometime taken up and received into heaven, fell into trances, and entrusted himself to the deceitful spirit — was pitched like a quoit, and died miserably. 5.17.1. In this work he mentions a writer, Miltiades, stating that he also wrote a certain book against the above-mentioned heresy. After quoting some of their words, he adds:Having found these things in a certain work of theirs in opposition to the work of the brother Alcibiades, in which he shows that a prophet ought not to speak in ecstasy, I made an abridgment. 5.17.2. A little further on in the same work he gives a list of those who prophesied under the new covet, among whom he enumerates a certain Ammia and Quadratus, saying:But the false prophet falls into an ecstasy, in which he is without shame or fear. Beginning with purposed ignorance, he passes on, as has been stated, to involuntary madness of soul. 5.18.4. Afterwards he says: Does not all Scripture seem to you to forbid a prophet to receive gifts and money? When therefore I see the prophetess receiving gold and silver and costly garments, how can I avoid reproving her? 5.28.6. How then since the opinion held by the Church has been preached for so many years, can its preaching have been delayed as they affirm, until the times of Victor? And how is it that they are not ashamed to speak thus falsely of Victor, knowing well that he cut off from communion Theodotus, the cobbler, the leader and father of this God-denying apostasy, and the first to declare that Christ is mere man? For if Victor agreed with their opinions, as their slander affirms, how came he to cast out Theodotus, the inventor of this heresy? 6.20.3. There has reached us also a dialogue of Caius, a very learned man, which was held at Rome under Zephyrinus, with Proclus, who contended for the Phrygian heresy. In this he curbs the rashness and boldness of his opponents in setting forth new Scriptures. He mentions only thirteen epistles of the holy apostle, not counting that to the Hebrews with the others. And unto our day there are some among the Romans who do not consider this a work of the apostle.
10. Eusebius of Caesarea, Life of Constantine, 3.66 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

3.66. Thus were the lurking-places of the heretics broken up by the emperor's command, and the savage beasts they harbored (I mean the chief authors of their impious doctrines) driven to flight. of those whom they had deceived, some, intimidated by the emperor's threats, disguising their real sentiments, crept secretly into the Church. For since the law directed that search should be made for their books, those of them who practiced evil and forbidden arts were detected, and these were ready to secure their own safety by dissimulation of every kind. Others, however, there were, who voluntarily and with real sincerity embraced a better hope. Meantime the prelates of the several churches continued to make strict inquiry, utterly rejecting those who attempted an entrance under the specious disguise of false pretenses, while those who came with sincerity of purpose were proved for a time, and after sufficient trial numbered with the congregation. Such was the treatment of those who stood charged with rank heresy: those, however, who maintained no impious doctrine, but had been separated from the one body through the influence of schismatic advisers, were received without difficulty or delay. Accordingly, numbers thus revisited, as it were, their own country after an absence in a foreign land, and acknowledged the Church as a mother from whom they had wandered long, and to whom they now returned with joy and gladness. Thus the members of the entire body became united, and compacted in one harmonious whole; and the one catholic Church, at unity with itself, shone with full luster, while no heretical or schismatic body anywhere continued to exist. And the credit of having achieved this mighty work our Heaven-protected emperor alone, of all who had gone before him, was able to attribute to himself.
11. Origen, Against Celsus, 5.61-5.64 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

5.61. After the above remarks he proceeds as follows: Let no one suppose that I am ignorant that some of them will concede that their God is the same as that of the Jews, while others will maintain that he is a different one, to whom the latter is in opposition, and that it was from the former that the Son came. Now, if he imagine that the existence of numerous heresies among the Christians is a ground of accusation against Christianity, why, in a similar way, should it not be a ground of accusation against philosophy, that the various sects of philosophers differ from each other, not on small and indifferent points, but upon those of the highest importance? Nay, medicine also ought to be a subject of attack, on account of its many conflicting schools. Let it be admitted, then, that there are among us some who deny that our God is the same as that of the Jews: nevertheless, on that account those are not to be blamed who prove from the same Scriptures that one and the same Deity is the God of the Jews and of the Gentiles alike, as Paul, too, distinctly says, who was a convert from Judaism to Christianity, I thank my God, whom I serve from my forefathers with a pure conscience. And let it be admitted also, that there is a third class who call certain persons carnal, and others spiritual,- I think he here means the followers of Valentinus - yet what does this avail against us, who belong to the Church, and who make it an accusation against such as hold that certain natures are saved, and that others perish in consequence of their natural constitution? And let it be admitted further, that there are some who give themselves out as Gnostics, in the same way as those Epicureans who call themselves philosophers: yet neither will they who annihilate the doctrine of providence be deemed true philosophers, nor those true Christians who introduce monstrous inventions, which are disapproved of by those who are the disciples of Jesus. Let it be admitted, moreover, that there are some who accept Jesus, and who boast on that account of being Christians, and yet would regulate their lives, like the Jewish multitude, in accordance with the Jewish law - and these are the twofold sect of Ebionites, who either acknowledge with us that Jesus was born of a virgin, or deny this, and maintain that He was begotten like other human beings - what does that avail by way of charge against such as belong to the Church, and whom Celsus has styled those of the multitude? He adds, also, that certain of the Christians are believers in the Sibyl, having probably misunderstood some who blamed such as believed in the existence of a prophetic Sibyl, and termed those who held this belief Sibyllists. 5.62. He next pours down upon us a heap of names, saying that he knows of the existence of certain Simonians who worship Helene, or Helenus, as their teacher, and are called Helenians. But it has escaped the notice of Celsus that the Simonians do not at all acknowledge Jesus to be the Son of God, but term Simon the power of God, regarding whom they relate certain marvellous stories, saying that he imagined that if he could become possessed of similar powers to those with which be believed Jesus to be endowed, he too would become as powerful among men as Jesus was among the multitude. But neither Celsus nor Simon could comprehend how Jesus, like a good husbandman of the word of God, was able to sow the greater part of Greece, and of barbarian lands, with His doctrine, and to fill these countries with words which transform the soul from all that is evil, and bring it back to the Creator of all things. Celsus knows, moreover, certain Marcellians, so called from Marcellina, and Harpocratians from Salome, and others who derive their name from Mariamme, and others again from Martha. We, however, who from a love of learning examine to the utmost of our ability not only the contents of Scripture, and the differences to which they give rise, but have also, from love to the truth, investigated as far as we could the opinions of philosophers, have never at any time met with these sects. He makes mention also of the Marcionites, whose leader was Marcion. 5.63. In the next place, that he may have the appearance of knowing still more than he has yet mentioned, he says, agreeably to his usual custom, that there are others who have wickedly invented some being as their teacher and demon, and who wallow about in a great darkness, more unholy and accursed than that of the companions of the Egyptian Antinous. And he seems to me, indeed, in touching on these matters, to say with a certain degree of truth, that there are certain others who have wickedly invented another demon, and who have found him to be their lord, as they wallow about in the great darkness of their ignorance. With respect, however, to Antinous, who is compared with our Jesus, we shall not repeat what we have already said in the preceding pages. Moreover, he continues, these persons utter against one another dreadful blasphemies, saying all manner of things shameful to be spoken; nor will they yield in the slightest point for the sake of harmony, hating each other with a perfect hatred. Now, in answer to this, we have already said that in philosophy and medicine sects are to be found warring against sects. We, however, who are followers of the word of Jesus, and have exercised ourselves in thinking, and saying, and doing what is in harmony with His words, when reviled, bless; being persecuted, we suffer it; being defamed, we entreat; and we would not utter all manner of things shameful to be spoken against those who have adopted different opinions from ours, but, if possible, use every exertion to raise them to a better condition through adherence to the Creator alone, and lead them to perform every act as those who will (one day) be judged. And if those who hold different opinions will not be convinced, we observe the injunction laid down for the treatment of such: A man that is a heretic, after the first and second admonition, reject, knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sins, being condemned of himself. Moreover, we who know the maxim, Blessed are the peacemakers, and this also, Blessed are the meek, would not regard with hatred the corrupters of Christianity, nor term those who had fallen into error Circes and flattering deceivers. 5.64. Celsus appears to me to have misunderstood the statement of the apostle, which declares that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils; speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their conscience seared with a hot iron; forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God has created to be received with thanksgiving of them who believe; and to have misunderstood also those who employed these declarations of the apostle against such as had corrupted the doctrines of Christianity. And it is owing to this cause that Celsus has said that certain among the Christians are called 'cauterized in the ears;' and also that some are termed enigmas, - a term which we have never met. The expression stumbling-block is, indeed, of frequent occurrence in these writings - an appellation which we are accustomed to apply to those who turn away simple persons, and those who are easily deceived, from sound doctrine. But neither we, nor, I imagine, any other, whether Christian or heretic, know of any who are styled Sirens, who betray and deceive, and stop their ears, and change into swine those whom they delude. And yet this man, who affects to know everything, uses such language as the following: You may hear, he says, all those who differ so widely, and who assail each other in their disputes with the most shameless language, uttering the words, 'The world is crucified to me, and I unto the world.' And this is the only phrase which, it appears, Celsus could remember out of Paul's writings; and yet why should we not also employ innumerable other quotations from the Scriptures, such as, For though we do walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh; (for the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds,) casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God?
12. Epiphanius, Panarion, 30.16.1 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

13. Anon., Letter From Vienna And Lyons, 1.10, 1.17, 1.49

14. Pseudo-Tertullian, Adversus Omnes Haereses, 7.2

15. Severus, Chronica, 2.2

2.2. At that time, Nebuchadnezzar had a dream marvelous for that insight into the future which it implied. As he could not of himself bring out its interpretation, he sent for the Chald ans who were supposed by magic arts and by the entrails of victims to know secret things, and to predict the future, in order to its interpretation. Presently becoming apprehensive lest, in the usual manner of men, they should extract from the dream not what was true, but what would be acceptable to the king, he suppresses the things he had seen, and demands of them that, if a real power of divination was in them, they should relate to him the dream itself; saying that he would then believe their interpretation, if they should first make proof of their skill by relating the dream. But they declined attempting so great a difficulty, and confessed that such a thing was not within the reach of human power. The king, enraged because, under a false profession of divination, they were mocking men with their errors, while they were compelled by the present case to acknowledge that they had no such knowledge as was pretended, made an exposure of them by means of a royal edict; and all the men professing that art were publicly put to death. When Daniel heard of that, he spoke to one of those nearest to the king, and promised to give an account of the dream, as well as supply its interpretation. The thing is reported to the king, and Daniel is sent for. The mystery had already been revealed to him by God; and so he relates the vision of the king, as well as interprets it. But this matter demands that we set forth the dream of the king and its interpretation, along with the fulfillment of his words by what followed. The king, then, had seen in his sleep an image with a head of gold, with a breast and arms of silver, with a belly and thighs of brass, with legs of iron, and which in its feet ended partly with iron, and partly with clay. But the iron and the clay when blended together could not adhere to each other. At last, a stone cut out without hands broke the image to pieces, and the whole, being reduced to dust, was carried away by the wind.

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
acta martyrum ix Tabbernee (2007) 219
aedesius Tabbernee (2007) 221
aeschines Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 260; Lampe (2003) 381
africa proconsularis (north africa),montanism in xxx Tabbernee (2007) 81
against the montanists Huttner (2013) 259
agathonic㪠Tabbernee (2007) 224
alcibiades (martyr at lugdunum) Tabbernee (2007) 16, 30, 219, 224
alcibiades (martyr of lyons) McGowan (1999) 170
alcibiades (phrygian montanist) Tabbernee (2007) 30, 31, 224
alexander (martyr at lugdunum) Tabbernee (2007) 30, 31, 219, 221
alexander (martyr from eumeneia) Tabbernee (2007) 219
alexander (montanist) Tabbernee (2007) 219
anonymous (anti-montanist) Tabbernee (2007) 16, 32, 82
apelles,marcionite Lampe (2003) 381
apolinarius (apollinaris) of hierapolis Tabbernee (2007) 16, 82
apollinarius of hierapolis Huttner (2013) 259
apollonius (anti-montanist) Tabbernee (2007) 82
arnobius the elder Tabbernee (2007) 81
asia (minor),asians McGowan (1999) 170
asia (roman province) Tabbernee (2007) 31, 32
asia minor,montanism i Tabbernee (2007) 32, 81
asia minor Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259; Lampe (2003) 381, 394; Tabbernee (2007) 30
attalus (martyr at lugdunum) Tabbernee (2007) 16, 30, 31
attalus (martyr of lyons) McGowan (1999) 170
author of the martyrs of lyon Tabbernee (2007) 220, 221
benoit,a. Osborne (2001) 4
bishop Huttner (2013) 259
bishops Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260
byzantium Huttner (2013) 259
callistus Lampe (2003) 381
callixtus i Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259
carpocratians Lampe (2003) 381
cerdo Lampe (2003) 394
christian/ity,and prophecy Bremmer (2017) 88
christology,modalist Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 260
community Lampe (2003) 394
confessor/s Tabbernee (2007) 32, 33, 219
confessors (μάρτυρες,confessor) Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259
date,of origin of montanism Tabbernee (2007) 82
date,of persecution at lugdunum Tabbernee (2007) 16
deacons Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 260
easter controversy Lampe (2003) 381
eleutheros of rome Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259
eleutherus Lampe (2003) 394; Osborne (2001) 4
elkesaites McGowan (1999) 170
epigonus Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 260
eucharist,of bread and water McGowan (1999) 170
eusebius McGowan (1999) 170
excommunicatio Tabbernee (2007) 32
fasting Lampe (2003) 381
gnostics Lampe (2003) 381
heresies,heretic,catalogue of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259
heresy/heretics Tabbernee (2007) 82
heretics {see also gnostics; marcionites) Lampe (2003) 394
hippolytus (soon after Lampe (2003) 381
irenaeus Lampe (2003) 394
irenaeus {see also [ Lampe (2003) 394
jewish-christians McGowan (1999) 170
justin martyr Osborne (2001) 4
leather Huttner (2013) 259
libellus synodicus Huttner (2013) 259
lugdunum (lyons),martyrdoms at Tabbernee (2007) 16, 30, 31, 32, 33
lugdunum (lyons),montanism at? Tabbernee (2007) 31, 32, 33
lugdunum (lyons) Tabbernee (2007) 16, 30
lyons Osborne (2001) 4
marcionites Lampe (2003) 381
marcus aurelius Tabbernee (2007) 16, 82
martyrdom/martyrs Tabbernee (2007) 16, 30, 31, 32, 33, 219, 220, 221, 224
martyrs Osborne (2001) 4
maximilla Tabbernee (2007) 16, 32
maximilla (montanist) Huttner (2013) 259
methodius Tabbernee (2007) 81
migrants Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259
miltiades (phrygian montanist) Tabbernee (2007) 31
modalists Lampe (2003) 381
monarchianismus Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260
monarchians Lampe (2003) 381
montanism Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260; Huttner (2013) 259
montanists Lampe (2003) 381; McGowan (1999) 170
montanus Huttner (2013) 259; Tabbernee (2007) 16, 31, 32
novatian/novatianists Tabbernee (2007) 81
noëtus,noëtians Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 260
osseans McGowan (1999) 170
persecution,martyrs Lampe (2003) 394
persecutions Tabbernee (2007) 30, 31, 32, 33, 81, 220
phrygia,montanism in Tabbernee (2007) 16, 30, 31, 224
phrygia Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259; Lampe (2003) 381, 394; McGowan (1999) 170; Tabbernee (2007) 16, 30, 221
pluralism,theological Lampe (2003) 381, 394
pothinus Osborne (2001) 4
praxeas Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260; Lampe (2003) 381
prisca/priscilla Tabbernee (2007) 16
proclus of constantinople Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 260
prophecy,new Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260
prophetess,prophetesses Tabbernee (2007) 16, 31, 220
prophets,new Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260
pseudo-prophecy/pseudoprophets Tabbernee (2007) 82, 220
quartodecimanism/quartodecimans Tabbernee (2007) 31, 32
revelation Tabbernee (2007) 31
roman/byzantine empire Tabbernee (2007) 31
rome Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260
rome (roma),montanism at xxx Tabbernee (2007) 81
rome (roma) Tabbernee (2007) 30
serapion of antioch Tabbernee (2007) 33, 82
servants,as diakonos Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 260
socrates Osborne (2001) 4
sophistry Osborne (2001) 4
subscriptiones Tabbernee (2007) 33
sulpicius severus Tabbernee (2007) 30
synods Huttner (2013) 259
teachers Lampe (2003) 381
themiso Tabbernee (2007) 219
theodotus Huttner (2013) 259
theodotus (phrygian montanist) Tabbernee (2007) 31
tolerance Lampe (2003) 394
vettius epagathus Tabbernee (2007) 219, 220, 221
victor Lampe (2003) 394; Osborne (2001) 4
victor of rome Huttner (2013) 259
vienna (vienne) Tabbernee (2007) 30, 32, 33, 221
vienne and lyons,martyrs of' McGowan (1999) 170
voluntary martyrdom ix,xxxvi Tabbernee (2007) 219, 220, 221, 224
zachariah Tabbernee (2007) 220
zephyrinus (bishop) Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer (2022) 259, 260