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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5662
Eusebius Of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 3.36.10


nanThese things he wrote from the above-mentioned city to the churches referred to. And when he had left Smyrna he wrote again from Troas to the Philadelphians and to the church of Smyrna; and particularly to Polycarp, who presided over the latter church. And since he knew him well as an apostolic man, he commended to him, like a true and good shepherd, the flock at Antioch, and besought him to care diligently for it.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

8 results
1. Ignatius, To The Romans, 5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2. Ignatius, To The Smyrnaeans, 3, 2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3. Ignatius, To The Trallians, 10 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4. Polycarp of Smyrna, Letter To The Philippians, 3.1-3.2, 4.1-4.3, 5.3, 6.1, 11.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 3.3.4, 5.28 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

6. Tertullian, Prescription Against Heretics, 32 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 3.36.1-3.36.9, 3.36.11, 4.14.2-4.14.4, 4.14.6, 5.20.4-5.20.8 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

3.36.1. At that time Polycarp, a disciple of the apostles, was a man of eminence in Asia, having been entrusted with the episcopate of the church of Smyrna by those who had seen and heard the Lord. 3.36.2. And at the same time Papias, bishop of the parish of Hierapolis, became well known, as did also Ignatius, who was chosen bishop of Antioch, second in succession to Peter, and whose fame is still celebrated by a great many. 3.36.3. Report says that he was sent from Syria to Rome, and became food for wild beasts on account of his testimony to Christ. 3.36.4. And as he made the journey through Asia under the strictest military surveillance, he fortified the parishes in the various cities where he stopped by oral homilies and exhortations, and warned them above all to be especially on their guard against the heresies that were then beginning to prevail, and exhorted them to hold fast to the tradition of the apostles. Moreover, he thought it necessary to attest that tradition in writing, and to give it a fixed form for the sake of greater security. 3.36.5. So when he came to Smyrna, where Polycarp was, he wrote an epistle to the church of Ephesus, in which he mentions Onesimus, its pastor; and another to the church of Magnesia, situated upon the Maeander, in which he makes mention again of a bishop Damas; and finally one to the church of Tralles, whose bishop, he states, was at that time Polybius. 3.36.6. In addition to these he wrote also to the church of Rome, entreating them not to secure his release from martyrdom, and thus rob him of his earnest hope. In confirmation of what has been said it is proper to quote briefly from this epistle. 3.36.7. He writes as follows: From Syria even unto Rome I fight with wild beasts, by land and by sea, by night and by day, being bound amidst ten leopards that is, a company of soldiers who only become worse when they are well treated. In the midst of their wrongdoings, however, I am more fully learning discipleship, but I am not thereby justified. 3.36.8. May I have joy of the beasts that are prepared for me; and I pray that I may find them ready; I will even coax them to devour me quickly that they may not treat me as they have some whom they have refused to touch through fear. And if they are unwilling, I will compel them. Forgive me. 3.36.9. I know what is expedient for me. Now do I begin to be a disciple. May nothing of things visible and things invisible envy me; that I may attain unto Jesus Christ. Let fire and cross and attacks of wild beasts, let wrenching of bones, cutting of limbs, crushing of the whole body, tortures of the devil — let all these come upon me if only I may attain unto Jesus Christ. 3.36.11. And the same man, writing to the Smyrnaeans, used the following words concerning Christ, taken I know not whence: But I know and believe that he was in the flesh after the resurrection. And when he came to Peter and his companions he said to them, Take, handle me, and see that I am not an incorporeal spirit. And immediately they touched him and believed. 4.14.2. And the same writer gives another account of Polycarp which I feel constrained to add to that which has been already related in regard to him. The account is taken from the third book of Irenaeus' work Against Heresies, and is as follows: 5.20.4. In the letter to Florinus, of which we have spoken, Irenaeus mentions again his intimacy with Polycarp, saying:These doctrines, O Florinus, to speak mildly, are not of sound judgment. These doctrines disagree with the Church, and drive into the greatest impiety those who accept them. These doctrines, not even the heretics outside of the Church, have ever dared to publish. These doctrines, the presbyters who were before us, and who were companions of the apostles, did not deliver to you. 5.20.5. For when I was a boy, I saw you in lower Asia with Polycarp, moving in splendor in the royal court, and endeavoring to gain his approbation. 5.20.6. I remember the events of that time more clearly than those of recent years. For what boys learn, growing with their mind, becomes joined with it; so that I am able to describe the very place in which the blessed Polycarp sat as he discoursed, and his goings out and his comings in, and the manner of his life, and his physical appearance, and his discourses to the people, and the accounts which he gave of his intercourse with John and with the others who had seen the Lord. And as he remembered their words, and what he heard from them concerning the Lord, and concerning his miracles and his teaching, having received them from eyewitnesses of the 'Word of life,' Polycarp related all things in harmony with the Scriptures. 5.20.7. These things being told me by the mercy of God, I listened to them attentively, noting them down, not on paper, but in my heart. And continually, through God's grace, I recall them faithfully. And I am able to bear witness before God that if that blessed and apostolic presbyter had heard any such thing, he would have cried out, and stopped his ears, and as was his custom, would have exclaimed, O good God, unto what times have you spared me that I should endure these things? And he would have fled from the place where, sitting or standing, he had heard such words. 5.20.8. And this can be shown plainly from the letters which he sent, either to the neighboring churches for their confirmation, or to some of the brethren, admonishing and exhorting them. Thus far Irenaeus.
8. Origen, On Prayer, 20 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
antioch Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157; Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175; Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
asia minor, literature of Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
asia minor Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
authenticity Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157; Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
bishop Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
christology Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
church, church history Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
church Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
collection of letters Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
community Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
dating Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
deacon/deaconess Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 97
death Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
devil, as torturer Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
ephesus Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
eusebius of caesarea Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157; Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
evodius Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
execution Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
games, and ignatius Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
good shepherd' Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
history Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
homily Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
ignatius of antioch, writings Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
ignatius of antioch Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
ignatius of antioch (martyr) Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
irenaeus of lyon Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
irenaeus of lyons Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
john (evangelist) Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
magnesia Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
martyrdom, martyr, authenticity Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
martyrdom, martyr, imagination, imagined Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
martyrdom Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
mary, as author Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
mary of cassobola, letter to ignatius Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
origen Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
paul (apostle) Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 97
philadelphia Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
philippi, christian community Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 97
philippi Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
polycarp, as bishop Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 53
polycarp Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175; Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 97
polycarpe (martyr, martyrdom of) Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
presbyter/πρεσβύτερος Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 97
prisoner Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
relationship (interpersonal) Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
rome Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157; Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
smyrna Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
testimony, testify Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157
time (temporality) Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
trajan Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157; Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
tralles Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
transmission (of text) Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
troas Marquis, Epistolary Fiction in Ancient Greek Literature (2023) 175
virgin Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 97
witness Maier and Waldner, Desiring Martyrs: Locating Martyrs in Space and Time (2022) 157