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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5614
Euripides, Bacchae, 940-949


ὅταν παρὰ λόγον σώφρονας βάκχας ἴδῃς. Πενθεύςwhen contrary to your expectation you see the Bacchae acting modestly. Pentheu


πότερα δὲ θύρσον δεξιᾷ λαβὼν χερὶPENTHEUS: Shall I hold the thyrsus in the right or left hand to look most like a Bacchanal? DIONYSUS: Hold it in thy right hand, and step out with thy right foot; thy change of mind compels thy praise. PENTHEUS: Shall I be able to carry on my shoulders Cithaeron's glens, the Bacchanals and all? DIONYSUS: Yes, if so thou wilt; for though thy mind was erst diseased, 'tis now just as it should be. PENTHEUS: Shall we take levers, or with my hands can I uproot it, thrusting arm or shoulder 'neath its peaks? DIONYSUS: No, no! destroy not the seats of the Nymphs and the haunts of Pan, the place of his piping. PENTHEUS: Well said! Women must not be mastered by brute force; amid the pines will I conceal myself. DIONYSUS: Thou shalt hide thee in the place that fate appoints, coming by stealth to spy upon the Bacchanals. PENTHEUS: Why, methinks they are already caught in the pleasant snares of dalliance, like birds amid the brakes. DIONYSUS: Set out with watchful heed then for this very purpose; maybe thou wilt catch them, if thou be not first caught thyself.


πότερα δὲ θύρσον δεξιᾷ λαβὼν χερὶBut shall I be more like a maenad holding the thyrsos in my right hand, or in my left? Dionysu


ἢ τῇδε, βάκχῃ μᾶλλον εἰκασθήσομαι; ΔιόνυσοςBut shall I be more like a maenad holding the thyrsos in my right hand, or in my left? Dionysu


ἐν δεξιᾷ χρὴ χἅμα δεξιῷ ποδὶYou must hold it in your right hand and raise your right foot in unison with it. I praise you for having changed your mind. Pentheu


αἴρειν νιν· αἰνῶ δʼ ὅτι μεθέστηκας φρενῶν. ΠενθεύςYou must hold it in your right hand and raise your right foot in unison with it. I praise you for having changed your mind. Pentheu


ἆρʼ ἂν δυναίμην τὰς Κιθαιρῶνος πτυχὰςCould I carry on my shoulders the glens of Kithairon, Bacchae and all? Dionysu


αὐταῖσι βάκχαις τοῖς ἐμοῖς ὤμοις φέρειν; ΔιόνυσοςCould I carry on my shoulders the glens of Kithairon, Bacchae and all? Dionysu


δύναιʼ ἄν, εἰ βούλοιο· τὰς δὲ πρὶν φρέναςYou could if you were willing. The state of mind you had before was unsound, but now you think as you ought. Pentheu


οὐκ εἶχες ὑγιεῖς, νῦν δʼ ἔχεις οἵας σε δεῖ. ΠενθεύςYou could if you were willing. The state of mind you had before was unsound, but now you think as you ought. Pentheu


μοχλοὺς φέρωμεν; ἢ χεροῖν ἀνασπάσωShall we bring levers? Or shall I draw them up with my hands


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

23 results
1. Aeschylus, Eumenides, 25 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

25. ἐξ οὗτε Βάκχαις ἐστρατήγησεν θεός 25. ever since he, as a god, led the Bacchantes in war, and contrived for Pentheus death as of a hunted hare. I call on the streams of Pleistus and the strength of Poseidon, and highest Zeus, the Fulfiller; and then I take my seat as prophetess upon my throne.
2. Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 1313 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1313. θυρσαδδωᾶν καὶ παιδδωᾶν.
3. Aristophanes, Clouds, 605 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

605. Βάκχαις Δελφίσιν ἐμπρέπων
4. Aristophanes, Frogs, 412 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

412. νῦν δὴ κατεῖδον καὶ μάλ' εὐπροσώπου
5. Aristophanes, The Women Celebrating The Thesmophoria, 985-1000 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1000. εὐπέταλος ἕλικι θάλλει.
6. Euripides, Bacchae, 1000-1009, 101, 1010-1019, 102, 1020-1029, 103, 1030-1039, 104, 1040-1049, 105, 1050-1059, 106, 1060-1069, 107, 1070-1079, 108, 1080-1089, 109, 1090-1099, 110, 1100-1109, 111, 1110-1119, 112, 1120-1129, 113, 1130-1139, 114, 1140-1149, 115, 1150-1153, 116, 1160, 1168, 117-118, 1189, 119-122, 1224, 123, 1232, 124-125, 1256, 126-134, 1345, 135-138, 1387, 139-166, 169, 184, 190, 195, 205-209, 21-22, 220, 225, 259, 324, 366, 379, 415, 425, 443-460, 465, 470-473, 476-477, 482, 485-486, 491, 493, 499-502, 506, 51, 529-530, 567, 576-579, 58, 580-609, 61, 610-619, 62, 620-639, 64, 640-649, 65, 650-656, 66, 664, 667, 67, 677-679, 68, 680-689, 69, 690-699, 70, 700-709, 71, 710-719, 72, 720-729, 73, 730-739, 74, 740-749, 75, 750-759, 76, 760-769, 77, 770-774, 779, 78, 785, 79, 791, 799, 80-81, 810-815, 819, 82, 821, 823, 829, 83, 830-838, 84, 842, 847, 85, 850-855, 86, 861, 87-91, 912-919, 92, 920-929, 93, 930-939, 94, 941-949, 95, 950-959, 96, 960-969, 97, 970-979, 98, 980-989, 99, 990-999, 100 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

100. τέλεσαν, ταυρόκερων θεὸν 100. had perfected him, the bull-horned god, and he crowned him with crowns of snakes, for which reason Maenads cloak their wild prey over their locks. Choru
7. Euripides, Cyclops, 156, 38, 446, 64, 709, 72, 143 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

143. ὁ Βακχίου παῖς, ὡς σαφέστερον μάθῃς. 143. The son of the Bacchic god, that thou mayst learn more certainly. Silenu
8. Euripides, Hecuba, 121, 1076 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1076. ποῖ πᾷ φέρομαι τέκν' ἔρημα λιπὼν
9. Euripides, Helen, 543 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

543. οὐχ ὡς δρομαία πῶλος ἢ Βάκχη θεοῦ
10. Euripides, Hercules Furens, 1119 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1119. I will explain, if you are no longer mad as a fiend of hell. Heracle
11. Euripides, Hippolytus, 560, 551 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

12. Euripides, Ion, 552-553, 716-717, 550 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

550. Didst thou in days gone by come to the Pythian rock? Xuthu
13. Euripides, Iphigenia Among The Taurians, 953, 164 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

14. Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1489 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

15. Euripides, Rhesus, 972 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

972. As under far Pangaion Orpheus lies
16. Plato, Phaedo, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

69c. from all these things, and self-restraint and justice and courage and wisdom itself are a kind of purification. And I fancy that those men who established the mysteries were not unenlightened, but in reality had a hidden meaning when they said long ago that whoever goes uninitiated and unsanctified to the other world will lie in the mire, but he who arrives there initiated and purified will dwell with the gods. For as they say in the mysteries, the thyrsus-bearers are many, but the mystics few ;
17. Plato, Phaedrus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

253a. they seek after information themselves, and when they search eagerly within themselves to find the nature of their god, they are successful, because they have been compelled to keep their eyes fixed upon the god, and as they reach and grasp him by memory they are inspired and receive from him character and habits, so far as it is possible for a man to have part in God. Now they consider the beloved the cause of all this, so they love him more than before, and if they draw the waters of their inspiration from Zeus, like the bacchantes, they pour it out upon the beloved and make him, so far as possible, like their god.
18. Sophocles, Antigone, 1116-1152, 154, 1115 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

19. Sophocles, Oedipus The King, 211 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

20. Demosthenes, Orations, 21.52 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

21. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4.285-4.388 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

22. Propertius, Elegies, 4.9.29, 4.9.47-4.9.50 (1st cent. BCE

23. Orphic Hymns., Fragments, 474.15-474.16



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aeschylus Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738
agathon Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738
agave Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
anti-hero, dionysus Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
apollo, apollonian, apolline Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
aristophanes, thesmophoriazusae Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738
bacchae Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738
bacchants, bacchae, bacchai Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
bacchic Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 851
bacchus, bacchius Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
bacchus, βάκχος Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
berezan Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
bona dea and hercules, geographic ambiguity and east/west divine in Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
bona dea and hercules, inclusion/exclusion in religious practices and Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
bona dea and hercules, terms for bona dea worshippers Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
bull Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
cacus Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
chorus, in drama Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
chorus (male, female), of christus patiens Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
chorus χορός, choral Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
cithaeron Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
classical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
comedy Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
context/environment/milieu, socio-cultural, ideological Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
cult, cultic acts for specific cults, the corresponding god or place Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
demeter Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 851
dionysia, great and rural (festivals) Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
dionyso(u)s Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738, 851
dionysos, dionysos baccheios Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
dionysos, dionysos bacchios Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
dionysos, dionysos bacchos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
dionysos, dionysos bromios Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
dionysos, dionysos xenos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41, 322
dionysus, effeminate/effeminacy of Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
elegy Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
eleusis, eleusinian, mysteries Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
eleusis Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 851
ephebic rituals Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
epigram Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
euripides, bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
heracles Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
hercules Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
hero Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
hipponion Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
hypsipyle, in apollonius argonautica Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
initiate Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
initiation, initiatory rites Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
jesus christ Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
liminality Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
lyric Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
madness, of heracles in heracles Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 180
madness, of pentheus in bacchae Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 180
maenads, maenadic, maenadism Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
maenads Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
magical ritual Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
mania μανία, maniacal Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
messenger Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
miles, s. xxiii Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738
miracles Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
mystical religion Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 851
olbia/pontic olbia, olbian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
orphism, orphic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
pattern (plot/thematic) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
pentheus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322; Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
performance Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
philosophy Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
pity (ἔλεος) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
reception, of dramatic situations and themes Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
recontextualization Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
redemption Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
refiguration Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
replacement/substitution of names Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
resemblances, reception Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
reversal of roles/plot Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
rite, ritual Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
roman state, inclusion/exclusion in religious practices in Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
satyr drama, satyr-play Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
semele Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
semenzato, c. Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 851
socrates Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 180
source text Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
sparagmos/dismemberment Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
sparagmos Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
stagecraft Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738
thebes, theban Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
thebes (boeotia) Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
theologos (iohannes) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
theotokos (mother of god) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
thyrsos (–oi) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 138
tragedy, tragic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
transvestism and cross-dressing, in ephebic rituals Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
transvestism and cross-dressing, of pentheus Panoussi, Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women's Rituals in Roman Literature (2019) 257
visual tricks Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738
wine Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 41
woman' Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
women Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
xenia Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 322
zeitlin, f. Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 738