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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5614
Euripides, Bacchae, 903-912


ἔφυγε χεῖμα, λιμένα δʼ ἔκιχεν·Happy is he The archaic sound of the English happy is he... , with its implicit echo of the beatitudes from the Sermon on the Mount, is appropriate here, for the chorus is describing beatitudes of a kind (though not strictly religious beatitudes) as appear at 73ff. who has fled a storm on the sea, and reached harbor. Happy too is he who has overcome his hardships.


εὐδαίμων δʼ ὃς ὕπερθε μόχθωνHappy is he The archaic sound of the English happy is he... , with its implicit echo of the beatitudes from the Sermon on the Mount, is appropriate here, for the chorus is describing beatitudes of a kind (though not strictly religious beatitudes) as appear at 73ff. who has fled a storm on the sea, and reached harbor. Happy too is he who has overcome his hardships.


ἐγένεθʼ· ἑτέρᾳ δʼ ἕτερος ἕτερονOne surpass another in different ways, in wealth or power. There are innumerable hopes to innumerable men, and some result in wealth to mortals, while others fail.


ὄλβῳ καὶ δυνάμει παρῆλθεν.One surpass another in different ways, in wealth or power. There are innumerable hopes to innumerable men, and some result in wealth to mortals, while others fail.


μυρίαι δʼ ἔτι μυρίοιςOne surpass another in different ways, in wealth or power. There are innumerable hopes to innumerable men, and some result in wealth to mortals, while others fail.


εἰσὶν ἐλπίδες· αἳ μὲνOne surpass another in different ways, in wealth or power. There are innumerable hopes to innumerable men, and some result in wealth to mortals, while others fail.


τελευτῶσιν ἐν ὄλβῳOne surpass another in different ways, in wealth or power. There are innumerable hopes to innumerable men, and some result in wealth to mortals, while others fail.


βροτοῖς, αἳ δʼ ἀπέβησαν·One surpass another in different ways, in wealth or power. There are innumerable hopes to innumerable men, and some result in wealth to mortals, while others fail.


τὸ δὲ κατʼ ἦμαρ ὅτῳ βίοτοςBut I call him blessed whose life is happy day to day. Dionysu


εὐδαίμων, μακαρίζω. ΔιόνυσοςBut I call him blessed whose life is happy day to day. Dionysu


σὲ τὸν πρόθυμον ὄνθʼ ἃ μὴ χρεὼν ὁρᾶνYou who are eager to see what you ought not and hasty in pursuit of what ought not to be pursued—I mean you, Pentheus, come forth before the house, be seen by me


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

10 results
1. Hesiod, Theogony, 396 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

396. Admete, Ianthe, Doris and Prymno
2. Homer, Odyssey, 3.174-3.175, 5.399, 23.238 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

3. Homeric Hymns, To Apollo And The Muses, 49 (8th cent. BCE - 8th cent. BCE)

49. The Meropoi, steep Cnidos, Carpatho
4. Euripides, Bacchae, 1150-1152, 328-329, 620-622, 641, 811-812, 862, 876-880, 882-902, 904-912, 1016 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1016. τόκον γηγενῆ. Χορός
5. Herodotus, Histories, 1.30 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.30. So for that reason, and to see the world, Solon went to visit Amasis in Egypt and then to Croesus in Sardis . When he got there, Croesus entertained him in the palace, and on the third or fourth day Croesus told his attendants to show Solon around his treasures, and they pointed out all those things that were great and blest. ,After Solon had seen everything and had thought about it, Croesus found the opportunity to say, “My Athenian guest, we have heard a lot about you because of your wisdom and of your wanderings, how as one who loves learning you have traveled much of the world for the sake of seeing it, so now I desire to ask you who is the most fortunate man you have seen.” ,Croesus asked this question believing that he was the most fortunate of men, but Solon, offering no flattery but keeping to the truth, said, “O King, it is Tellus the Athenian.” ,Croesus was amazed at what he had said and replied sharply, “In what way do you judge Tellus to be the most fortunate?” Solon said, “Tellus was from a prosperous city, and his children were good and noble. He saw children born to them all, and all of these survived. His life was prosperous by our standards, and his death was most glorious: ,when the Athenians were fighting their neighbors in Eleusis, he came to help, routed the enemy, and died very finely. The Athenians buried him at public expense on the spot where he fell and gave him much honor.”
6. Plato, Laws, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

815c. All the dancing that is of a Bacchic kind and cultivated by those who indulge in drunken imitations of Pans, Sileni and Satyrs (as they call them), when performing certain rites of expiation and initiation,—all this class of dancing cannot easily be defined either as pacific or as warlike, or as of any one distinct kind. The most correct way of defining it seems to me to be this—
7. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

354a. But furthermore, he who lives well is blessed and happy, and he who does not the contrary. of course. Then the just is happy and the unjust miserable. So be it, he said. But it surely does not pay to be miserable, but to be happy. of course not. Never, then, most worshipful Thrasymachus, can injustice be more profitable than justice. Let this complete your entertainment, Socrates, at the festival of Bendis. A feast furnished by you, Thrasymachus, I said, now that you have become gentle with me and are no longer angry. I have not dined well, however—
8. Demosthenes, Orations, 59.78 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

9. New Testament, Acts, 26.24-26.25 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

26.24. As he thus made his defense, Festus said with a loud voice, "Paul, you are crazy! Your great learning is driving you insane! 26.25. But he said, "I am not crazy, most excellent Festus, but boldly declare words of truth and reasonableness.
10. Orphic Hymns., Fragments, 476



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alexandria, alexandrian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
aphrodite, revenge of, in hippolytus Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 178
apollo de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
artemis Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 178
blessed de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
concepts/values/beliefs Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
crown de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
cult, cultic acts for specific cults, the corresponding god or place Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
cult/ritual/worship Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169, 173
delos de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
demeter de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
dionysism Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
dionysos, epiphany Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
dionysus, and hēsychia Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
dionysus, sōphrōn/sophos Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
earth de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
epic poetry de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
euripides, bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
figura etymologica Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
gold Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
guardians, in the afterlife de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
hades, place de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
hermes de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
hēsychia/calm life/quietism Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
initiands/initiates/initiation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
jews, jewish Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
kroisos Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
lake de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
leto de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
liberation' Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
maenads/maenadism Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
makarismos, in mystic initiation Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
makarismos Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
medea, revenge in Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 178
messengers/messenger-speech Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
midas Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
mnemosyne, spring of m. de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
money, as universal equivalent Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
money, in satyric drama Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
mystery Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
mystic initiation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
odysseus de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
olympus de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
parodos, of bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
pentheus Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
persephone de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
poseidon de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
priamel Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 173
reception, of concepts and ideas Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169, 173
replacement/substitution of names Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
resemblances, reception Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169, 173
revenge, of hera in heracles Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 178
revenge, of medea Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 178
revenge, reverse retaliation Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 178
salvation de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
silenos Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
solon Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 45
soul, of dead de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
soul, orphic doctrine de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
sparagmos/dismemberment Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
spirits de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
sōphrosynē/sōphrōn Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
tablets, orphic gold de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
teiresias Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
theogony de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
thirst de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
troy de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
variations Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 169
water, as cosmogonic element de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215
yahweh Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 462
zeus de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 215