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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5614
Euripides, Bacchae, 83-100


τέλεσαν, ταυρόκερων θεὸνhad perfected him, the bull-horned god, and he crowned him with crowns of snakes, for which reason Maenads cloak their wild prey over their locks. Choru


ἴτε βάκχαι, ἴτε βάκχαιbrandishing the thyrsos, garlanded with ivy, serves Dionysus.Go, Bacchae, go, Bacchae, escorting the god Bromius, child of a god


Βρόμιον παῖδα θεὸν θεοῦbrandishing the thyrsos, garlanded with ivy, serves Dionysus.Go, Bacchae, go, Bacchae, escorting the god Bromius, child of a god


Διόνυσον κατάγουσαι from the Phrygian mountains to the broad streets of Hellas—Bromius, Choru


Φρυγίων ἐξ ὀρέων Ἑλλάδος εἰςfrom the Phrygian mountains to the broad streets of Hellas—Bromius, Choru


εὐρυχόρους ἀγυιάς, τὸν Βρόμιον· Χορόςfrom the Phrygian mountains to the broad streets of Hellas—Bromius, Choru


ὅνWhom once, in the compulsion of birth pains


ποτʼ ἔχουσʼ ἐν ὠδίνωνWhom once, in the compulsion of birth pains


λοχίαις ἀνάγκαισιWhom once, in the compulsion of birth pains


πταμένας Διὸς βροντᾶς νηδύος the thunder of Zeus flying upon her, his mother cast from her womb, leaving life by the stroke of a thunderbolt. Immediately Zeus, Kronos’ son


ἔκβολον μάτηρthe thunder of Zeus flying upon her, his mother cast from her womb, leaving life by the stroke of a thunderbolt. Immediately Zeus, Kronos’ son


ἔτεκεν, λιποῦσʼ αἰῶνα the thunder of Zeus flying upon her, his mother cast from her womb, leaving life by the stroke of a thunderbolt. Immediately Zeus, Kronos’ son


κεραυνίῳ πληγᾷ·the thunder of Zeus flying upon her, his mother cast from her womb, leaving life by the stroke of a thunderbolt. Immediately Zeus, Kronos’ son


λοχίοις δʼ αὐτίκα νιν δέξατο the thunder of Zeus flying upon her, his mother cast from her womb, leaving life by the stroke of a thunderbolt. Immediately Zeus, Kronos’ son


θαλάμαις Κρονίδας Ζεύςreceived him in a chamber fit for birth, and having covered him in his thigh shut him up with golden clasps, hidden from Hera.And he brought forth, when the Fate


κατὰ μηρῷ δὲ καλύψαςreceived him in a chamber fit for birth, and having covered him in his thigh shut him up with golden clasps, hidden from Hera.And he brought forth, when the Fate


χρυσέαισιν συνερείδειreceived him in a chamber fit for birth, and having covered him in his thigh shut him up with golden clasps, hidden from Hera.And he brought forth, when the Fate


περόναις κρυπτὸν ἀφʼ Ἥρας.received him in a chamber fit for birth, and having covered him in his thigh shut him up with golden clasps, hidden from Hera.And he brought forth, when the Fate


ἔτεκεν δʼ, ἁνίκα ΜοῖραιAnd when the Fates had fully formed the horned god, he brought him forth and crowned him with a coronal of snakes, whence it is the thyrsus-bearing Maenads hunt the snake to twine about their hair. O Thebes, nurse of Semele! crown thyself with ivy; burst forth, burst forth with blossoms fair of green convolvulus, and with the boughs of oak and pine join in the Bacchic revelry; don thy coat of dappled fawn-skin, decking it with tufts of silvered hair; with reverent hand the sportive wand now wield. Anon shall the whole land be dancing, when Bromius leads his revellers to the hills, to the hills away! where wait him groups of maidens from loom and shuttle roused in frantic haste by Dionysus.


ἔτεκεν δʼ, ἁνίκα Μοῖραιreceived him in a chamber fit for birth, and having covered him in his thigh shut him up with golden clasps, hidden from Hera.And he brought forth, when the Fate


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

33 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 4.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.1. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶה עָשִׂיתָ קוֹל דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ צֹעֲקִים אֵלַי מִן־הָאֲדָמָה׃ 4.1. וְהָאָדָם יָדַע אֶת־חַוָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד אֶת־קַיִן וַתֹּאמֶר קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת־יְהוָה׃ 4.1. And the man knew Eve his wife; and she conceived and bore Cain, and said: ‘I have agotten a man with the help of the LORD.’"
2. Hesiod, Works And Days, 563 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

563. And slumber in a bedroom far within
3. Hesiod, Theogony, 117 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

117. of the immortal gods, and those created
4. Homeric Hymns, To Demeter, 47, 211 (8th cent. BCE - 6th cent. BCE)

211. Around her slender feet her dark-blue dre
5. Hymn To Dionysus, To Dionysus, 50 (8th cent. BCE - 6th cent. BCE)

50. He was a shaggy bear, rapaciously
6. Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 179 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

179. φιλοθύτων δέ τοι πόλεος ὀργίων
7. Pindar, Paeanes, 3.8-3.58 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8. Aristophanes, Frogs, 631, 356 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

356. ἢ γενναίων ὄργια Μουσῶν μήτ' εἶδεν μήτ' ἐχόρευσεν
9. Aristophanes, The Women Celebrating The Thesmophoria, 985-1000 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1000. εὐπέταλος ἕλικι θάλλει.
10. Euripides, Bacchae, 1000-1009, 101, 1010-1019, 102, 1020-1029, 103, 1030-1039, 104, 1040-1049, 105, 1050-1059, 106, 1060-1069, 107, 1070-1079, 108, 1080-1089, 109, 1090-1099, 110, 1100-1109, 111, 1110-1119, 112, 1120-1129, 113, 1130-1139, 114, 1140-1149, 115, 1150-1152, 1159, 116-129, 13, 130-133, 1330-1331, 134, 1341, 1349, 135, 1358, 136-139, 14, 140-149, 15, 150-159, 16, 160-169, 17-19, 2, 20, 201, 21, 215-219, 22, 220-225, 228, 23, 234, 24, 241-246, 25-28, 286-289, 29, 290-297, 3, 30-31, 314-318, 32-35, 353, 36-39, 4, 40-43, 439, 44, 443-449, 45, 450, 46, 462-464, 47-48, 487, 49, 498, 5, 50-51, 519, 52, 520-529, 53-55, 550-559, 56, 560-569, 57, 570-579, 58, 580-589, 59, 590-599, 6, 60, 600-609, 61, 610-619, 62, 620-629, 63, 630-639, 64, 640-649, 65, 650-656, 66, 665, 667, 67, 677-679, 68, 680-689, 69, 690-699, 7, 70, 700-709, 71, 710-719, 72, 720-729, 73, 730-739, 74, 740-749, 75, 750-759, 76, 760-769, 77, 770-774, 78-79, 8, 80-89, 9, 90-91, 918-919, 92, 920-929, 93, 930-939, 94, 940-949, 95, 950-959, 96, 960-969, 97, 970-979, 98, 980-989, 99, 990-999, 1 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1. ἥκω Διὸς παῖς τήνδε Θηβαίων χθόνα 1. I, the son of Zeus, have come to this land of the Thebans—Dionysus, whom once Semele, Kadmos’ daughter, bore, delivered by a lightning-bearing flame. And having taken a mortal form instead of a god’s
11. Euripides, Helen, 1302-1368, 1301 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1301. ̓Ορεία ποτὲ δρομάδι κώ- 1301. Once with swift foot the mountain mother of the gods rushed through the wooded glen, and the river’s stream
12. Euripides, Hippolytus, 142-144, 25, 443-446, 141 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

141. Maiden, thou must be possessed, by Pan made frantic or by Hecate, or by the Corybantes dread, and Cybele the mountain mother.
13. Euripides, Phoenician Women, 684-687, 683 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

14. Euripides, Rhesus, 973, 972 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

972. As under far Pangaion Orpheus lies
15. Herodotus, Histories, 2.146 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2.146. With regard to these two, Pan and Dionysus, one may follow whatever story one thinks most credible; but I give my own opinion concerning them here. Had Dionysus son of Semele and Pan son of Penelope appeared in Hellas and lived there to old age, like Heracles the son of Amphitryon, it might have been said that they too (like Heracles) were but men, named after the older Pan and Dionysus, the gods of antiquity; ,but as it is, the Greek story has it that no sooner was Dionysus born than Zeus sewed him up in his thigh and carried him away to Nysa in Ethiopia beyond Egypt ; and as for Pan, the Greeks do not know what became of him after his birth. It is therefore plain to me that the Greeks learned the names of these two gods later than the names of all the others, and trace the birth of both to the time when they gained the knowledge.
16. Plato, Laws, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

700b. one class of song was that of prayers to the gods, which bore the name of hymns ; contrasted with this was another class, best called dirges ; paeans formed another; and yet another was the dithyramb, named, I fancy, after Dionysus. Nomes also were so called as being a distinct class of song; and these were further described as citharoedic nomes. So these and other kinds being classified and fixed, it was forbidden to set one kind of words to a different class of tune.
17. Sophocles, Antigone, 1116-1152, 1115 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

18. Aristotle, Poetics, None (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

19. Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, 1.1125-1.1151 (3rd cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.1125. μητέρα Δινδυμίην πολυπότνιαν ἀγκαλέοντες 1.1126. ἐνναέτιν Φρυγίης, Τιτίην θʼ ἅμα Κύλληνόν τε 1.1127. οἳ μοῦνοι πολέων μοιρηγέται ἠδὲ πάρεδροι 1.1128. μητέρος Ἰδαίης κεκλήαται, ὅσσοι ἔασιν 1.1129. δάκτυλοι Ἰδαῖοι Κρηταιέες, οὕς ποτε νύμφη 1.1130. Ἀγχιάλη Δικταῖον ἀνὰ σπέος ἀμφοτέρῃσιν 1.1131. δραξαμένη γαίης Οἰαξίδος ἐβλάστησεν. 1.1132. πολλὰ δὲ τήνγε λιτῇσιν ἀποστρέψαι ἐριώλας 1.1133. Λἰσονίδης γουνάζετʼ ἐπιλλείβων ἱεροῖσιν 1.1134. αἰθομένοις· ἄμυδις δὲ νέοι Ὀρφῆος ἀνωγῇ 1.1135. σκαίροντες βηταρμὸν ἐνόπλιον ὠρχήσαντο 1.1136. καὶ σάκεα ξιφέεσσιν ἐπέκτυπον, ὥς κεν ἰωὴ 1.1137. δύσφημος πλάζοιτο διʼ ἠέρος, ἣν ἔτι λαοὶ 1.1138. κηδείῃ βασιλῆος ἀνέστενον. ἔνθεν ἐσαιεὶ 1.1139. ῥόμβῳ καὶ τυπάνῳ Ῥείην Φρύγες ἱλάσκονται. 1.1140. ἡ δέ που εὐαγέεσσιν ἐπὶ φρένα θῆκε θυηλαῖς 1.1141. ἀνταίη δαίμων· τὰ δʼ ἐοικότα σήματʼ ἔγεντο. 1.1142. δένδρεα μὲν καρπὸν χέον ἄσπετον, ἀμφὶ δὲ ποσσὶν 1.1143. αὐτομάτη φύε γαῖα τερείνης ἄνθεα ποίης. 1.1144. θῆρες δʼ εἰλυούς τε κατὰ ξυλόχους τε λιπόντες 1.1145. οὐρῇσιν σαίνοντες ἐπήλυθον. ἡ δὲ καὶ ἄλλο 1.1146. θῆκε τέρας· ἐπεὶ οὔτι παροίτερον ὕδατι νᾶεν 1.1147. Δίνδυμον· ἀλλά σφιν τότʼ ἀνέβραχε διψάδος αὔτως 1.1148. ἐκ κορυφῆς ἄλληκτον· Ἰησονίην δʼ ἐνέπουσιν 1.1149. κεῖνο ποτὸν κρήνην περιναιέται ἄνδρες ὀπίσσω. 1.1150. καὶ τότε μὲν δαῖτʼ ἀμφὶ θεᾶς θέσαν οὔρεσιν Ἄρκτων 1.1151. μέλποντες Ῥείην πολυπότνιαν· αὐτὰρ ἐς ἠὼ
20. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 3.62.6, 4.3.3 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.62.6.  And though the writers of myths have handed down the account of a third birth as well, at which, as they say, the Sons of Gaia tore to pieces the god, who was a son of Zeus and Demeter, and boiled him, but his members were brought together again by Demeter and he experienced a new birth as if for the first time, such accounts as this they trace back to certain causes found in nature. 4.3.3.  Consequently in many Greek cities every other year Bacchic bands of women gather, and it is lawful for the maidens to carry the thyrsus and to join in the frenzied revelry, crying out "Euai!" and honouring the god; while the matrons, forming in groups, offer sacrifices to the god and celebrate his mysteries and, in general, extol with hymns the presence of Dionysus, in this manner acting the part of the Maenads who, as history records, were of old the companions of the god.
21. Hyginus, Fabulae (Genealogiae), 167 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

22. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 3.256-3.315 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

23. Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3.4.2-3.4.3, 3.10.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.4.2. Κάδμος δὲ ἀνθʼ ὧν ἔκτεινεν ἀίδιον 3 -- ἐνιαυτὸν ἐθήτευσεν Ἄρει· ἦν δὲ ὁ ἐνιαυτὸς τότε ὀκτὼ ἔτη. μετὰ δὲ τὴν θητείαν Ἀθηνᾶ αὐτῷ τὴν βασιλείαν 4 -- κατεσκεύασε, Ζεὺς δὲ ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ γυναῖκα Ἁρμονίαν, Ἀφροδίτης καὶ Ἄρεος θυγατέρα. καὶ πάντες θεοὶ καταλιπόντες τὸν οὐρανόν, ἐν τῇ Καδμείᾳ τὸν γάμον εὐωχούμενοι καθύμνησαν. ἔδωκε δὲ αὐτῇ Κάδμος πέπλον καὶ τὸν ἡφαιστότευκτον ὅρμον, ὃν ὑπὸ Ἡφαίστου λέγουσί τινες δοθῆναι Κάδμῳ, Φερεκύδης δὲ ὑπὸ Εὐρώπης· ὃν παρὰ Διὸς αὐτὴν λαβεῖν. γίνονται δὲ Κάδμῳ θυγατέρες μὲν Αὐτονόη Ἰνὼ Σεμέλη Ἀγαυή, παῖς δὲ Πολύδωρος. Ἰνὼ μὲν οὖν Ἀθάμας ἔγημεν, Αὐτονόην δὲ Ἀρισταῖος, Ἀγαυὴν δὲ Ἐχίων. 3.4.3. Σεμέλης δὲ Ζεὺς ἐρασθεὶς Ἥρας κρύφα συνευνάζεται. ἡ δὲ ἐξαπατηθεῖσα ὑπὸ Ἥρας, κατανεύσαντος αὐτῇ Διὸς πᾶν τὸ αἰτηθὲν ποιήσειν, αἰτεῖται τοιοῦτον αὐτὸν ἐλθεῖν οἷος ἦλθε μνηστευόμενος Ἥραν. Ζεὺς δὲ μὴ δυνάμενος ἀνανεῦσαι παραγίνεται εἰς τὸν θάλαμον αὐτῆς ἐφʼ ἅρματος ἀστραπαῖς ὁμοῦ καὶ βρονταῖς, καὶ κεραυνὸν ἵησιν. Σεμέλης δὲ διὰ τὸν φόβον ἐκλιπούσης, ἑξαμηνιαῖον τὸ βρέφος ἐξαμβλωθὲν ἐκ τοῦ πυρὸς ἁρπάσας ἐνέρραψε τῷ μηρῷ. ἀποθανούσης δὲ Σεμέλης, αἱ λοιπαὶ Κάδμου θυγατέρες διήνεγκαν λόγον, συνηυνῆσθαι θνητῷ τινι Σεμέλην καὶ καταψεύσασθαι Διός, καὶ ὅτι 1 -- διὰ τοῦτο ἐκεραυνώθη. κατὰ δὲ τὸν χρόνον τὸν καθήκοντα Διόνυσον γεννᾷ Ζεὺς λύσας τὰ ῥάμματα, καὶ δίδωσιν Ἑρμῇ. ὁ δὲ κομίζει πρὸς Ἰνὼ καὶ Ἀθάμαντα καὶ πείθει τρέφειν ὡς κόρην. ἀγανακτήσασα δὲ Ἥρα μανίαν αὐτοῖς ἐνέβαλε, καὶ Ἀθάμας μὲν τὸν πρεσβύτερον παῖδα Λέαρχον ὡς ἔλαφον θηρεύσας ἀπέκτεινεν, Ἰνὼ δὲ τὸν Μελικέρτην εἰς πεπυρωμένον λέβητα ῥίψασα, εἶτα βαστάσασα μετὰ νεκροῦ τοῦ παιδὸς ἥλατο κατὰ βυθοῦ. 1 -- καὶ Λευκοθέα μὲν αὐτὴν καλεῖται, Παλαίμων δὲ ὁ παῖς, οὕτως ὀνομασθέντες ὑπὸ τῶν πλεόντων· τοῖς χειμαζομένοις γὰρ βοηθοῦσιν. ἐτέθη δὲ ἐπὶ Μελικέρτῃ ὁ 2 -- ἀγὼν τῶν Ἰσθμίων, Σισύφου θέντος. Διόνυσον δὲ Ζεὺς εἰς ἔριφον ἀλλάξας τὸν Ἥρας θυμὸν ἔκλεψε, καὶ λαβὼν αὐτὸν Ἑρμῆς πρὸς νύμφας ἐκόμισεν ἐν Νύσῃ κατοικούσας τῆς Ἀσίας, ἃς ὕστερον Ζεὺς καταστερίσας ὠνόμασεν Ὑάδας. 3.10.3. Ταϋγέτη δὲ ἐκ Διὸς ἐγέννησε 1 -- Λακεδαίμονα, ἀφʼ οὗ καὶ Λακεδαίμων ἡ χώρα καλεῖται. Λακεδαίμονος δὲ καὶ Σπάρτης τῆς Εὐρώτα, ὃς ἦν ἀπὸ Λέλεγος αὐτόχθονος καὶ νύμφης νηίδος Κλεοχαρείας, Ἀμύκλας καὶ Εὐρυδίκη, ἣν ἔγημεν Ἀκρίσιος. Ἀμύκλα δὲ καὶ Διομήδης τῆς Λαπίθου Κυνόρτης καὶ Ὑάκινθος. τοῦτον εἶναι τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος ἐρώμενον λέγουσιν, ὃν δίσκῳ βαλὼν ἄκων ἀπέκτεινε. Κυνόρτου δὲ Περιήρης, ὃς γαμεῖ Γοργοφόνην τὴν Περσέως, καθάπερ Στησίχορός φησι, καὶ τίκτει Τυνδάρεων Ἰκάριον Ἀφαρέα Λεύκιππον. Ἀφαρέως μὲν οὖν καὶ Ἀρήνης τῆς Οἰβάλου 1 -- Λυγκεύς τε καὶ Ἴδας καὶ Πεῖσος· κατὰ πολλοὺς δὲ Ἴδας ἐκ Ποσειδῶνος λέγεται. Λυγκεὺς δὲ ὀξυδερκίᾳ διήνεγκεν, ὡς καὶ τὰ ὑπὸ γῆν θεωρεῖν. Λευκίππου δὲ θυγατέρες ἐγένοντο Ἱλάειρα καὶ Φοίβη· ταύτας ἁρπάσαντες ἔγημαν Διόσκουροι. πρὸς δὲ ταύταις Ἀρσινόην ἐγέννησε. ταύτῃ μίγνυται Ἀπόλλων, ἡ δὲ Ἀσκληπιὸν γεννᾷ. τινὲς δὲ Ἀσκληπιὸν οὐκ ἐξ Ἀρσινόης τῆς Λευκίππου λέγουσιν, ἀλλʼ ἐκ Κορωνίδος τῆς Φλεγύου ἐν Θεσσαλίᾳ. καί φασιν ἐρασθῆναι ταύτης Ἀπόλλωνα καὶ εὐθέως συνελθεῖν· τὴν δὲ 1 -- παρὰ τὴν τοῦ πατρὸς γνώμην ἑλομένην 2 -- Ἴσχυϊ τῷ Καινέως ἀδελφῷ συνοικεῖν. Ἀπόλλων δὲ τὸν μὲν ἀπαγγείλαντα κόρακα καταρᾶται, ὃν 3 -- τέως λευκὸν ὄντα ἐποίησε μέλανα, αὐτὴν δὲ ἀπέκτεινε. καιομένης δὲ αὐτῆς 4 -- ἁρπάσας τὸ βρέφος ἐκ τῆς πυρᾶς πρὸς Χείρωνα τὸν Κένταυρον ἤνεγκε, παρʼ ᾧ 1 -- καὶ τὴν ἰατρικὴν καὶ τὴν κυνηγετικὴν τρεφόμενος ἐδιδάχθη. καὶ γενόμενος χειρουργικὸς καὶ τὴν τέχνην ἀσκήσας ἐπὶ πολὺ οὐ μόνον ἐκώλυέ τινας ἀποθνήσκειν, ἀλλʼ ἀνήγειρε καὶ τοὺς ἀποθανόντας· παρὰ γὰρ Ἀθηνᾶς λαβὼν τὸ ἐκ τῶν φλεβῶν τῆς Γοργόνος ῥυὲν αἷμα, τῷ μὲν ἐκ τῶν ἀριστερῶν ῥυέντι πρὸς φθορὰν ἀνθρώπων ἐχρῆτο, τῷ δὲ ἐκ τῶν δεξιῶν πρὸς σωτηρίαν, καὶ διὰ τούτου 2 -- τοὺς τεθνηκότας ἀνήγειρεν. εὗρον 3 -- δέ τινας λεγομένους ἀναστῆναι ὑπʼ αὐτοῦ, Καπανέα καὶ Λυκοῦργον, ὡς Στησίχορός φησιν ἐν Ἐριφύλῃ, Ἱππόλυτον, ὡς ὁ τὰ Ναυπακτικὰ συγγράψας λέγει, Τυνδάρεων, ὥς φησι Πανύασις, 1 -- Ὑμέναιον, ὡς οἱ Ὀρφικοὶ λέγουσι, Γλαῦκον τὸν Μίνωος, ὡς Μελησαγόρας λέγε ι.
24. Cornutus, De Natura Deorum, 30 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

25. New Testament, Luke, 1.34 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.34. Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, seeing I am a virgin?
26. New Testament, Matthew, 1.25 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.25. and didn't know her sexually until she had brought forth her firstborn son. He named him Jesus.
27. Plutarch, Table Talk, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

28. Aelius Aristides, Orations, 41.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

29. Antoninus Liberalis, Collection of Metamorphoses, 10.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

30. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.29.2, 2.26.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.29.2. Outside the city, too, in the parishes and on the roads, the Athenians have sanctuaries of the gods, and graves of heroes and of men. The nearest is the Academy, once the property of a private individual, but in my time a gymnasium. As you go down to it you come to a precinct of Artemis, and wooden images of Ariste (Best) and Calliste (Fairest). In my opinion, which is supported by the poems of Pamphos, these are surnames of Artemis. There is another account of them, which I know but shall omit. Then there is a small temple, into which every year on fixed days they carry the image of Dionysus Eleuthereus. 2.26.7. The third account is, in my opinion, the farthest from the truth; it makes Asclepius to be the son of Arsinoe, the daughter of Leucippus. For when Apollophanes the Arcadian, came to Delphi and asked the god if Asclepius was the son of Arsinoe and therefore a Messenian, the Pythian priestess gave this response:— 0 Asclepius, born to bestow great joy upon mortals, Pledge of the mutual love I enjoyed with Phlegyas' daughter, Lovely Coronis, who bare thee in rugged land Epidaurus . Unknown . This oracle makes it quite certain that Asclepius was not a son of Arsinoe, and that the story was a fiction invented by Hesiod, or by one of Hesiod's interpolators, just to please the Messenians.
31. Firmicus Maternus Julius., De Errore Profanarum Religionum, 6.5 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

32. Papyri, Papyri Graecae Magicae, 3.494-3.611, 8.1-8.63, 13.734-13.1077 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

33. Orphic Hymns., Fragments, 327, 59, 325



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
agave Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334; Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112, 113
anti-hero, dionysus Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112, 113
antigone Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111, 112
aphrodite, as both sweet and ferocious Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 165
apollo Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111
archaeology Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
archaic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
argeifontes ἀργειφόντης Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
artemis Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 165
asclepius de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
asia, asian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
bacchae Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 378, 381, 383
bacchants, bacchae, bacchai Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172, 334
bassaras, bassarides, bassarae Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
billings, j. xviii Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 378, 381, 383
bull Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334, 336; Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112, 113
cadmus, cadmus inventions (σοφίσματα) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81
cadmus Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
cattle Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
chaldaean oracles Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
characters Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 378
chiron de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
chora Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109, 110, 111, 112
choregos Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 110
choreia Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109, 111
choros Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111
chorus, in drama Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
chorus (male, female), of a. edonoi Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
chorus (male, female), of e. bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50, 81, 100
chorus leader Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 110
chorus χορός, choral Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 334
chronotope Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109, 112
cithaeron Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109; Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
cotys Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
countryside Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 110
crown, crowned Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172, 336
cult, cultic acts for specific cults, the corresponding god or place Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 334, 336
cult/ritual/worship Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15, 100
cybele Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
daimon Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 312
dance, dancing, ecstatic, frenzied, maenadic, orgiastic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
death Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111, 112
delphi Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 110
demeter, and kore (persephone) Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
demeter Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
dindymene Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
dionysia, great and rural (festivals) Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
dionyso(u)s Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 378, 381, 383
dionysos, arrival Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 312
dionysos, awakening Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334, 336
dionysos, dionysos as bull Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
dionysos, dionysos as feline Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
dionysos, dionysos xenos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 312
dionysos, epiphany Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172, 312, 334, 336
dionysos, gift Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
dionysos, prodigies Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336
dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172, 312, 334, 336
dionysus, ambiguities/polarities of Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50
dionysus, anthropomorphism of Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
dionysus, as a bull/his bestial incarnation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50, 100
dionysus, birth de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 63, 128
dionysus, effeminate/effeminacy of Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
dionysus, god of nature Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50
dionysus, heart de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
dionysus, illusion Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50
dionysus, opposites of Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50
dionysus, tripartite nature of Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
dionysus Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109, 110, 111, 112; Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
disguise, of gods Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
dismemberment Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172
dithyramb, language of Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 157
dolphin Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
dragon Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336
earth de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
earth (gaea), as demeter Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
earth (gaea) Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
ecstasy ἔκστασις, ecstatic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172
eleusis Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111
epiphany, passim – meaning, exclusive, epilogue epiphany Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
epiphany Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 110
euripides, bacchae Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 157; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50, 100
euripides, on the mother of the gods Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
fates Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336
fawn Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
felines, dionysos as Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
festival, festivity, festive Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
fire de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
gender, male Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
gift Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
goat Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
hades Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 112
hallucination/delusion Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
harmonia Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336
helios Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
hellenistic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
hera Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81, 100; de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
heracles Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
hermes Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
hero Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
hesiod Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
homer Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
homeric, post-homeric Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
homeric hymn, to earth Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
iacchus Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111
ida, idaean mother Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
ida Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
initiands/initiates/initiation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
initiate Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
initiates de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
inspiration Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
interrogation (-scene) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
ivy Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
kadmos, kadmeian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 336
knowledge Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
leopard Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
life de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 63, 128
light Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111
lightning de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
lion Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172, 334; Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
lydia and lydians, and phrygian symbols Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
lydia and lydians, rites of Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
madness (mania)/frenzy Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
maenads, maenadic, maenadism, rites/cults Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172
maenads, maenadic, maenadism Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172, 336
maenads/maenadism Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
maenads Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112, 113
male Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
mania μανία, maniacal Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 312, 334, 336
mask, masked Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 312
messenger Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
milk Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
minoan Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
minyades (daughters of minyas) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
minyads, daughters of minyas psoloeis Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
miracles Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
mise en abyme Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109, 111
mother of the gods, and animals Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, as demeter Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, as earth (gaea) Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, as mountain mother Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, as rhea Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, associated with mountains Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, daughter of Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, great Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, in attic drama Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mother of the gods, multiple identities of Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
mountains Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
musaeus de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
mystery Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
mystic Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111
mystic initiation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
myth, mythical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 312, 336
myth de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
nag hammadi library Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
name Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
narthex νάρθηξ Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
nature Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
nebris νεβρίς Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
night, nocturnal Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
nurse de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
nymph Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172; de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
nysa de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
olympian gods Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
olympus de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
on high, staging of gods Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
on stage Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81, 100
oracle Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
orpheus, literary author de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
orphic, see titans, zagreus de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
pardalis Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
parodos, of bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
parodos, of edonoi Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
parody Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
pentheus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334, 336; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50, 81, 100
performance Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109
performativity Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109
persephone Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
poetry de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
polis Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 110
presence Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 112
procession (pompe) Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109, 111
prodigies of dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336
prologue/expository opening, of bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81
resemblances, bassarae/bassarides Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50
resemblances, edonoi Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15, 100
resemblances, lycurgeia Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50
resemblances, semele/hydrophoroi Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81, 100
resemblances, theban tetralogy Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81
resemblances Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15, 100
rhea Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
rite, ritual, maenadic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172
rite, ritual Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172, 312, 334
rome, roman Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
semele Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 110; Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81; de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
serpents Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336
sex, sexuality Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
skin, animal Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
smiling, of deities Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
snake Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
snakes Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336
sparagmos/dismemberment Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 100
sparagmos Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112; Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 383; Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 165
speech de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
stance in greek tragedy Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
style Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81
teiresias Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
theater, theatrical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 312
thebes, theban Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 312, 336
thebes Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 109, 110, 111
thebes (boeotia) Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112
thiasos θίασος Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
thrace Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 15
thunder/thunderbolt Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81
thurii Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
thyrsus θύρσος Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172, 334
tiresias Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113
torch, torchlight Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
tragedy, origins of Seaford, Tragedy, Ritual and Money in Ancient Greece: Selected Essays (2018) 157
tragedy, tragic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 312, 334, 336
transformation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 50, 100
tyrannus, philoctetes Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
vegetation Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 172
vine wood Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
violence/violent Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162
wine Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172, 312
woman Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 162, 172
womb Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28; de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
women Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 112, 113
worship Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
worshippers Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 334
zagreus de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 63
zeus' Pachoumi, The Concepts of the Divine in the Greek Magical Papyri (2017) 28
zeus, and gaea Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
zeus, and rhea Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56
zeus, zeus lightning de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128
zeus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 336; Bierl, Time and Space in Ancient Myth, Religion and Culture (2017) 111; Lipka, Epiphanies and Dreams in Greek Polytheism: Textual Genres and 'Reality' from Homer to Heliodorus (2021) 113; Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 378; Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 56; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 81; de Jáuregui, Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity (2010) 128