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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5614
Euripides, Bacchae, 263-265


τῆς δυσσεβείας. ὦ ξένʼ, οὐκ αἰδῇ θεοὺςCHORUS: What impiety! Hast thou no reverence, sir stranger, for the gods or for Cadmus who sowed the crop of earth-born warriors? Son of Echion as thou art, thou dost shame thy birth. TEIRESIAS: Whenso a man of wisdom finds a good topic for argument, it is no difficult matter to speak well; but thou, though possessing a glib tongue as if endowed with sense, art yet devoid thereof in all thou sayest. A headstrong man, if he have influence and a capacity for speaking, makes a bad citizen because he lacks sense. This new deity, whom thou deridest, will rise to power I cannot say how great, throughout Hellas. Two things there are, young prince, that hold first rank among men, the goddess Demeter, that is, the earth, calf her which name thou please; she it is that feedeth men with solid food; and as her counterpart came this god, the son of Semele, who discovered the juice of the grape and introduced it to mankind, stilling thereby each grief that mortals suffer from, soon as e'er they are filled with the juice of the vine; and sleep also he giveth, sleep that brings forgetfulness of daily ills, the sovereign charm for all our woe. God though he is, he serves all other gods for libations, so that through him mankind is blest. He it is whom thou dost mock, because he was sewn up in the thigh of Zeus. But I will show thee this fair mystery. When Zeus had snatched him from the lightning's blaze, and to Olympus borne the tender babe, Hera would have cast him forth from heaven, but Zeus, as such a god well might, devised a counterplot. He broke off a fragment of the ether which surrounds the world, and made thereof a hostage against Hera's bitterness, while he gave out Dionysus into other hands; hence, in time, men said that he was reared in the thigh of Zeus, having changed the word and invented a legend, because the god was once a hostage to the goddess Hera. This god too hath prophetic power, for there is no small prophecy inspired by Bacchic frenzy; for whenever the god in his full might enters the human frame, he makes his frantic votaries foretell the future. Likewise he hath some share in Ares' rights; for oft, or ever a weapon is touched, a panic seizes an army when it is marshalled in array; and this too is a frenzy sent by Dionysus. Yet shalt thou behold him e'en on Delphi's rocks leaping o'er the cloven height, torch in hand, waving and brandishing the branch by Bacchus loved, yea, and through the length and breadth of Hellas. Hearken to me, Pentheus; never boast that might alone doth sway the world, nor if thou think so, unsound as thy opinion is, credit thyself with any wisdom; but receive the god into thy realm, pour out libations, join the revel rout, and crown thy head. It is not Dionysus that will force chastity on women in their love; but this is what we should consider, whether chastity is part of their nature for good and all; for if it is, no really modest maid will ever fall 'mid Bacchic mysteries. Mark this: thou thyself art glad when thousands throng thy gates, and citizens extol the name of Pentheus; he too, I trow, delights in being honoured. Wherefore I and Cadmus, whom thou jeerest so, will wreath our brows with ivy and join the dance; pair of grey beards though we be, still must we take part therein; never will I for any words of thine fight against heaven. Most grievous is thy madness, nor canst thou find a charm to cure thee, albeit charms have caused thy malady.


τῆς δυσσεβείας. ὦ ξένʼ, οὐκ αἰδῇ θεοὺςOh, what impiety! O stranger, do you not reverence the gods and Kadmos who sowed the earth-born crop?


Κάδμον τε τὸν σπείραντα γηγενῆ στάχυνOh, what impiety! O stranger, do you not reverence the gods and Kadmos who sowed the earth-born crop?


Ἐχίονος δʼ ὢν παῖς καταισχύνεις γένος; ΤειρεσίαςDo you, the child of Echion, bring shame to your race? Teiresia


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

20 results
1. Homer, Iliad, 6.132 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

6.132. /Nay, for even the son of Dryas, mighty Lycurgus, lived not long, seeing that he strove with heavenly gods—he that on a time drave down over the sacred mount of Nysa the nursing mothers of mad Dionysus; and they all let fall to the ground their wands, smitten with an ox-goad by man-slaying Lycurgus.
2. Homer, Odyssey, 9.270-9.271, 17.483-17.487 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

3. Pindar, Olympian Odes, 2.71-2.80 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4. Aristophanes, Birds, 988, 987 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

987. καὶ φείδου μηδὲν μηδ' αἰετοῦ ἐν νεφέλῃσιν
5. Aristophanes, Clouds, 332 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

332. Θουριομάντεις ἰατροτέχνας σφραγιδονυχαργοκομήτας
6. Euripides, Bacchae, 1016, 1030, 1047, 1059, 1063, 1077, 1079, 11, 1110, 1155, 1274-1276, 1338-1339, 1388-1391, 170-259, 26, 260-262, 264-269, 27, 270-279, 28, 280-289, 29, 290-299, 30, 300-309, 31, 310-431, 441, 453, 507, 537-541, 641-656, 74, 800, 810, 941-948, 971-976, 992-998, 10 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

10. αἰνῶ δὲ Κάδμον, ἄβατον ὃς πέδον τόδε 10. I praise Kadmos, who has made this place hallowed, the shrine of his daughter; and I have covered it all around with the cluster-bearing leaf of the vine.I have left the wealthy lands of the Lydians and Phrygians, the sun-parched plains of the Persians
7. Euripides, Cretes (Fragmenta Papyracea), 472 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8. Euripides, Hecuba, 1115, 1114 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

9. Euripides, Helen, 1227-1228, 132, 138, 160-161, 73, 118 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

118. ὥσπερ γε σέ, οὐδὲν ἧσσον, ὀφθαλμοῖς ὁρῶ. 118. I saw her with my own eyes, just as I see you, no less. Helen
10. Plato, Euthyphro, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

11e. Euthyphro. I do. Socrates. But is everything that is right also holy?
11. Plato, Gorgias, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

507a. And the orderly one is temperate? Most necessarily. So the temperate soul is good. For my part, I can find nothing to say in objection to this, my dear Callicles; but if you can, do instruct me. Call. Proceed, good sir. Soc. I say, then, that if the temperate soul is good, one that is in the opposite state to this sensible one is bad; and that was the senseless and dissolute one. Certainly. And further, the sensible man will do what is fitting as regards both gods and men; for he could not be sensible if he did what was unfitting. That must needs be so. And again, when he does what is fitting
12. Sophocles, Oedipus At Colonus, 891 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

13. Sophocles, Oedipus The King, 301-304, 385-395, 300 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

14. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 26.4 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

15. Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 12.10.3-12.10.4 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

12.10.3.  And shortly thereafter the city was moved to another site and received another name, its founders being Lampon and Xenocritus; the circumstances of its founding were as follows. The Sybarites who were driven a second time from their native city dispatched ambassadors to Greece, to the Lacedaemonians and Athenians, requesting that they assist their repatriation and take part in the settlement. 12.10.4.  Now the Lacedaemonians paid no attention to them, but the Athenians promised to join in the enterprise, and they manned ten ships and sent them to the Sybarites under the leadership of Lampon and Xenocritus; they further sent word to the several cities of the Peloponnesus, offering a share in the colony to anyone who wished to take part in it.
16. New Testament, John, 15.1, 19.41 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15.1. I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer. 19.41. Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden. In the garden a new tomb in which no man had ever yet been laid.
17. New Testament, Matthew, 26.26-26.28, 27.60 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

26.26. As they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. He gave to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is my body. 26.27. He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, "All of you drink it 26.28. for this is my blood of the new covet, which is poured out for many for the remission of sins. 27.60. and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock, and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed.
18. Plutarch, Pericles, 6.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6.2. A story is told that once on a time the head of a one-horned ram was brought to Pericles from his country-place, and that Lampon the seer, when he saw how the horn grew strong and solid from the middle of the forehead, declared that, whereas there were two powerful parties in the city, that of Thucydides and that of Pericles, the mastery would finally devolve upon one man,—the man to whom this sign had been given. Anaxagoras, however, had the skull cut in two, and showed that the brain had not filled out its position, but had drawn together to a point, like an egg, at that particular spot in the entire cavity where the root of the horn began.
19. Clement of Alexandria, Exhortation To The Greeks, 12.119-12.120 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

20. Anon., Scholia Aristophanem Nubes, 332



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
agave Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130
alcestis Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 925
andromache Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 925
aphrodite Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 178
archaic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
archelaus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
aristophanes Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
athens, athenian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 302
blasphemy Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236, 237
cadmus Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 178, 180
characters, minor Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 925
charlatans Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
chorus (male, female), of e. bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 176
chorus χορός, choral Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302, 314
chthonic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
classical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
comedy Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302; Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
concepts/values/beliefs Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174, 178, 180
context/environment/milieu, socio-cultural, ideological Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174
cult, cultic acts for specific cults, the corresponding god or place Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
cult-establishment/foundation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
cult/ritual/worship Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174, 175, 176, 178, 180
dionyso(u)s Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 925
dionysos, dionysos as foreign god Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
dionysos, dionysos xenos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 302, 314
dionysos Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 302, 314; Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
divination Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
dragon Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
dyssebeia Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236
dyssebes phren Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 237
earth, earthly Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
echion Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 314
epic Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
euripides, bacchae Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174, 176, 178
euripides, exodos (missing part/lacuna) of Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 176, 180
euripides Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130, 180
gigantomachy Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
hecuba (hecabe) Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 925
helen Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 925
hera Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
hierarchy of means Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
hierocles Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
homer Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
homeric Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
hymn, to hosia Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 237
initiands/initiates/initiation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174
jesus christ, and dionysus Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 175, 176
jesus christ Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130, 175, 176
joseph of arimathea Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 176
judas Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 176
justice (δίκη)/retribution (divine) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
kadmos, kadmeian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 314
kakos, thinking evil thoughts/badly Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 237
kyriakou, p. xxii Markantonatos, Brill's Companion to Euripides (2015) 925
lampon Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
lloyd, michael Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 144
lydia, lydian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
macedonia, macedonian Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
madness Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236, 237
magic, magical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
magos Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
makarismos Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174, 175
mania μανία, maniacal Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
mantis Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
messengers/messenger-speech Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 176
mystery Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174
mystery cults, dionysian Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236, 237
mystic, mystical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
mystic initiation Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174
myth, mythical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
nicodemus Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
noos/nous, seat of purity/impurity, in the bacchae Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236
oedipus Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
paul st. Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 175
pentheus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 302, 314; Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236, 237; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174, 176, 178
pericles Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302; Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
philia (friendship) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
phren/phrenes, seat of purity/impurity, in the bacchae Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236, 237
plague Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
plutarch Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
polis Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 302
prologue/expository opening, of christus patiens Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130
prophet Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
reception, of concepts and ideas Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174, 175, 176, 178, 180
reception, of dramatic conventions Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130
reconfiguration Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130
redemption Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 175
refiguration Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130, 180
religiously correct meaning of hosios Peels, Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety (2016) 9
replacement/substitution of names Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130, 174, 175
resemblances, reception Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130, 174, 175, 176, 178, 180
resemblances Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 175, 176, 180
rite, ritual Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
rituals, bacchic Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236, 237
segal, c. p. Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 144
semele Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
sophia/sophos (wisdom) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 178, 180
sophia and philia Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
sophism of teiresias in bacchae Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 144
sophronein/sophrosyne, in the bacchae Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 237
spartoi Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
suppliant women bacchae compared Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 144
sōphrosynē/sōphrōn Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 178
taplin, oliver Pucci, Euripides' Revolution Under Cover: An Essay (2016) 144
teiresias Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231; Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236, 237; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174, 176, 178, 180
theater, theatrical Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
thebes, theban Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
thebes Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231; Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
theologos (iohannes) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 176, 180
theomachist, theomachus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 314
theomachos Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 236
theotokos (mother of god), and the chorus Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174
theotokos (mother of god) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 175, 176
tragedy Edmonds, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World (2019) 231
transformation, of tragic material Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130
variations Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 130, 174
violence/violent' Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 314
violence/violent Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301
xenia Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 301, 302, 314
xxii, dramatis personae (characters) Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 180
zeus, zeus xeinios Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302
zeus Bernabe et al., Redefining Dionysos (2013) 302; Xanthaki-Karamanou, 'Dionysiac' Dialogues: Euripides' 'Bacchae', Aeschylus and 'Christus Patiens' (2022) 174