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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



5425
Epigraphy, Seg, 45.1508
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

5 results
1. Aristophanes, Clouds, 985, 984 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

984. ἀρχαῖά γε καὶ Διιπολιώδη καὶ τεττίγων ἀνάμεστα
2. Porphyry, On Abstinence, 2.29-2.30 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

2.29. 29.For formerly, as we have before observed, when men sacrificed to the Gods fruits and not animals, and did not assume the latter for food, it is said, that a common sacrifice being celebrated at Athens, one Diomus, or Sopater, who was not a native, but cultivated some land in Attica, seizing a sharp axe which was near to him, and being excessively indigt, struck with it an ox, who, coming from his labour, approached to a table, on which were openly placed cakes and other offerings which were to be burnt as a sacrifice to the Gods, and ate some, but trampled on the rest of the offerings. The ox, therefore, being killed, Diomus, whose anger was now appeased, at the same time perceived what kind of deed he had perpetrated. And the ox, indeed, he buried. But embracing a voluntary banishment, as if he had been accused of impiety, he fled to Crete. A great dryness, however, taking place in the Attic land from vehement heat, and a dreadful sterility of fruit, and the Pythian deity being in consequence of it consulted by the general consent, the God answered, that the Cretan exile must expiate the crime; and that, if the murderer was punished, and the statue of the slain ox was erected in the place in which it fell, this would be beneficial both to those who had and those who had not tasted its flesh. An inquiry therefore being made into the affair, and Sopater, together with the deed, having been discovered, he, thinking that he should be liberated from the difficulty in which he was now involved, through the accusation of impiety, if the same thing was done by all men in common, said to those who came to him, that it was necessary an ox should be slain by the city. But, on their being dubious who should strike the ox, he said that he would undertake to do it, if they would make him a citizen, and would be partakers with him of the slaughter. This, therefore, being granted, they returned to the city, and ordered the deed to be accomplished in such a way as it is performed by them at present, [and which was as follows:] SPAN 2.30. 30.They selected virgins who were drawers of water; but these brought water for the purpose of sharpening an axe and a knife. And these being sharpened, one person gave the axe, another struck with it the ox, |62 and a third person cut the throat of the ox. But after this, having excoriated the animal, all that were present ate of its flesh. These things therefore being performed, they sewed up the hide of the ox, and having stuffed it with straw, raised it upright in the same form which it had when alive, and yoked it to a plough, as if it was about to work with it. Instituting also a judicial process, respecting the slaughter of the ox, they cited all those who were partakers of the deed, to defend their conduct. But as the drawers of water accused those who sharpened the axe and the knife, as more culpable than themselves, and those who sharpened these instruments accused him who gave the axe, and he accused him who cut the throat of the ox, and this last person accused the knife,---hence, as the knife could not speak, they condemned it as the cause of the slaughter. From that time also, even till now, during the festival sacred to Jupiter, in the Acropolis, at Athens, the sacrifice of an ox is performed after the same manner. For, placing cakes on a brazen table, they drive oxen round it, and the ox that tastes of the cakes that are distributed on the table, is slain. The race likewise of those who perform this, still remains. And all those, indeed, who derive their origin from Sopater are called boutupoi [i.e. slayers of oxen]; but those who are descended from him that drove the ox round the table, are called kentriadai, [or stimulators.] And those who originate from him that cut the throat of the ox, are denominated daitroi, [or dividers,] on account of the banquet which takes place from the distribution of flesh. But when they have filled the hide, and the judicial process is ended, they throw the knife into the sea. SPAN
3. Epigraphy, Lsam, 45, 49, 9, 32

4. Epigraphy, Lscg, 161, 33, 65, 98, 120

5. Epigraphy, Lss, 61, 129



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
andania, regulations Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99
archôn basileus Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
artemis, at magnesia on the maeander Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
artemis, kindyas (bargylia) Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99, 100, 107
banquet, public Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 100
bouzygai/es Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
cult foundations, of kritolaos (aigiale) Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 100
deer, statue of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99
demeter, kore and Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
dionysia, city Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
dipolieia Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
eisiteria Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
epiphany, of artemis Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
festivals, commemorative Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
festivals, revival Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
gephyraioi Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
herald Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
imprecations Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 100
leucophryena Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
loans, festival of zeus sosipolis Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99
loans, festivals of artemis Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
meat of sacrificial victims, consumption of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 100, 310
meat of sacrificial victims, distribution of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 100
meat of sacrificial victims, division of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 310
myth Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
panathenaea, lesser Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99, 100
panathenaia Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
ploughing, ritual Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
priests, sacrificial prerogatives Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 310
procession Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99, 100
roma Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 107
sacred law (greek), common practice and Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99
sacrifice' Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
sacrifice, at festivals Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 100
sacrifice, prerogatives from priests Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 310
statues, deer Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99
victim (sacrificial), branding Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99, 100
victim (sacrificial), inspection of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99
victim (sacrificial), legs of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 310
victim (sacrificial), nourishment of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99, 100
victim (sacrificial), provision of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99
victim (sacrificial), thighs of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 310
victim (sacrificial), tongue of Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 310
zeus, epi palladiôi Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 643
zeus, sosipolis Lupu, Greek Sacred Law: A Collection of New Documents (NGSL) (2005) 99