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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



4650
Empedocles, Fragments, 4


nanBut, O ye gods, turn aside from my tongue the madness of those men. Hallow my lips and make a pure stream flow from them! And thee, much-wooed, white-armed Virgin Muse, do I beseech that I may hear what is lawful for the children of a day! 5Speed me on my way from the abode of Holiness and drive my willing car! Thee shall no garlands of glory and honour at the hands of mortals constrain to lift them from the ground, on condition of speaking in thy pride beyond that which is lawful and right, and so to gain a seat upon the heights of wisdom.Go to now, consider with all thy powers in what way each thing is clear. 10Hold not thy sight in greater credit as compared with thy hearing, nor value thy resounding ear above the clear instructions of thy tongue;[4] and do not withhold thy confidence in any of thy other bodily parts by which there is an opening for understanding, but consider everything in the way it is clear.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

16 results
1. Parmenides, Fragments, 1.27-1.31, 8.1-8.6 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2. Aristophanes, Clouds, 1241 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1241. καὶ Ζεὺς γέλοιος ὀμνύμενος τοῖς εἰδόσιν.
3. Empedocles, Fragments, 3.3-3.4, 115.9-115.11 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4. Euripides, Rhesus, 973 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

973. Priest of great light and worshipped of the wise.
5. Plato, Timaeus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Aristotle, Metaphysics, 12.7-12.9 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Cicero, On The Nature of The Gods, 1.18-1.20 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.18. Hereupon Velleius began, in the confident manner (I need not say) that is customary with Epicureans, afraid of nothing so much as lest he should appear to have doubts about anything. One would have supposed he had just come down from the assembly of the gods in the intermundane spaces of Epicurus! "I am not going to expound to you doctrines that are mere baseless figments of the imagination, such as the artisan deity and world-builder of Plato's Timaeus, or that old hag of a fortune-teller, the Pronoia (which we may render 'Providence') of the Stoics; nor yet a world endowed with a mind and senses of its own, a spherical, rotatory god of burning fire; these are the marvels and monstrosities of philosophers who do not reason but dream. 1.19. What power of mental vision enabled your master Plato to descry the vast and elaborate architectural process which, as he makes out, the deity adopted in building the structure of the universe? What method of engineering was employed? What tools and levers and derricks? What agents carried out so vast an undertaking? And how were air, fire, water and earth enabled to obey and execute the will of the architect? How did the five regular solids, which are the basis of all other forms of matter, come into existence so nicely adapted to make impressions on our minds and produce sensations? It would be a lengthy task to advert upon every detail of a system that is such as to seem the result of idle theorizing rather than of real research; 1.20. but the prize example is that the thinker who represented the world not merely as having had an origin but even as almost made by hand, also declared that it will exist for ever. Can you suppose that a man can have even dipped into natural philosophy if he imagines that anything that has come into being can be eternal? What composite whole is not capable of dissolution? What thing is there that has a beginning but not an end? While as for your Stoic Providence, Lucilius, if it is the same thing as Plato's creator, I repeat my previous questions, what were its agents and instruments, and how was the entire undertaking planned out and carried though? If on the contrary it is something different, I ask why it made the world mortal, and not everlasting as did Plato's divine creator?
8. Philo of Alexandria, On The Creation of The World, 145, 17, 171, 18-20, 46, 74-75, 84, 89, 9, 143 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

143. But since every city in which laws are properly established, has a regular constitution, it became necessary for this citizen of the world to adopt the same constitution as that which prevailed in the universal world. And this constitution is the right reason of nature, which in more appropriate language is denominated law, being a divine arrangement in accordance with which everything suitable and appropriate is assigned to every individual. But of this city and constitution there must have been some citizens before man, who might be justly called citizens of a mighty city, having received the greatest imaginable circumference to dwell in; and having been enrolled in the largest and most perfect commonwealth.
9. Alcinous, Handbook of Platonism, 10.3, 16.2, 26.2, 31.1 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Atticus, Fragments, 3 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

11. Numenius of Apamea, Fragments, 15, 17, 52, 11 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

12. Numenius of Apamea, Fragments, 15, 17, 52, 11 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

13. Calcidius (Chalcidius), Platonis Timaeus Commentaria, 145, 151, 176, 295-297, 144 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

14. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 8.76 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

8.76. His doctrines were as follows, that there are four elements, fire, water, earth and air, besides friendship by which these are united, and strife by which they are separated. These are his words:Shining Zeus and life-bringing Hera, Aidoneus and Nestis, who lets flow from her tears the source of mortal life,where by Zeus he means fire, by Hera earth, by Aidoneus air, and by Nestis water.And their continuous change, he says, never ceases, as if this ordering of things were eternal. At all events he goes on:At one time all things uniting in one through Love, at another each carried in a different direction through the hatred born of strife.
15. Eusebius of Caesarea, Preparation For The Gospel, 15.5.1-15.5.14, 15.6.3, 15.6.6 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

16. Plotinus, Enneads, 4.8.5 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
air Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
allegoresis (allegorical interpretation), of gods Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
antiochus of ascalon Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
aristotle, on god/prime mover Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122
aristotle, platonists and Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122
audience Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
contemplation (θεωρία), platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 128
contingency, contingent (ἐνδεχόμενον), (middle) platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122, 123
cosmos Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
creation of the world, philo of alexandria on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128
creation of the world, platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128
element Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
empedocles Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
epicurus/epicureans/epicureanism, on providence (πρόνοια) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
epicurus/epicureans/epicureanism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122
fate (εἱμαρμένη), platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
fire, as element Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
forms/ideas, platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128
free/freedom (ἐλεύθερος/ἐλευθερία, liber/libertas), platonists on human freedom Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 130
gods, aristotle on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122
gods, philo of alexandria on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
gods, platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128, 130
gods Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
gods as elements, names of the gods Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
gods as elements Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
governance of the world Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 128, 130
hearing (in the mysteries) Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
hera Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
heraclitus Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
indestructibility of the world Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
initiates Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
knowledge, superior knowledge of divine origin Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
law (νομός, θεσμός), philo of alexandria on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
law (νομός, θεσμός), platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 130
likeness to/imitating god (ὁμοίωσις θεῷ) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
matter (ὕλη), platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128
muses Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
necessity ἀνάγκη, platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
night (goddess) Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
philo of alexandria, on god Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
philo of alexandria, on law (θεσμός) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
philo of alexandria, on providence (πρόνοια) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
philo of alexandria Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
platonists/platonism/plato, and aristotle Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122
platonists/platonism/plato, and stoicism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122, 123
platonists/platonism/plato, on causality Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on contemplation (θεωρία) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 128
platonists/platonism/plato, on contingency (τὸ ἐνδεχόμενον) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122, 123
platonists/platonism/plato, on creation of the world Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128
platonists/platonism/plato, on fate (εἱμαρμένη) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on first principles (ἀρχαί) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123
platonists/platonism/plato, on forms/ideas Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128
platonists/platonism/plato, on gods Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128, 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on governance of the world Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 128, 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on human freedom Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on laws (νόμος) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on likeness to/imitating god (ὁμοίωσις θεῷ) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on matter (ὕλη) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 128
platonists/platonism/plato, on necessity (ἀνάγκη) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on providence (πρόνοια) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
platonists/platonism/plato, on virtue (ἀρετή) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 130
platonists/platonism/plato Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 122, 123, 128, 130
predestination (προόρισις), epicurus on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
predestination (προόρισις), philo on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 66
predestination (προόρισις), platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123, 130
predestination (προόρισις), principles in platonism, first (ἀρχαί) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 123
profane Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
riddles Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
uranus phallus, as element Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
virtue (ἀρετή, virtus), platonists on' Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 130
wisdom (expertise) Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103
zeus Alvarez, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries (2018) 103