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Diogenes Laertius, Lives Of The Philosophers, 7.177

nan6. SPHAERUSAmongst those who after the death of Zeno became pupils of Cleanthes was Sphaerus of Bosporus, as already mentioned. After making considerable progress in his studies, he went to Alexandria to the court of King Ptolemy Philopator. One day when a discussion had arisen on the question whether the wise man could stoop to hold opinion, and Sphaerus had maintained that this was impossible, the king, wishing to refute him, ordered some waxen pomegranates to be put on the table. Sphaerus was taken in and the king cried out, You have given your assent to a presentation which is false. But Sphaerus was ready with a neat answer. I assented not to the proposition that they are pomegranates, but to another, that there are good grounds for thinking them to be pomegranates. Certainty of presentation and reasonable probability are two totally different things. Mnesistratus having accused him of denying that Ptolemy was a king, his reply was, Being of such quality as he is, Ptolemy is indeed a king.

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Lucretius Carus, On The Nature of Things, 3.371, 5.622 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2. Plutarch, On Stoic Self-Contradictions, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3. Numenius of Apamea, Fragments, 25 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4. Numenius of Apamea, Fragments, 25 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.121, 7.162, 7.174, 9.5 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.121. But Heraclides of Tarsus, who was the disciple of Antipater of Tarsus, and Athenodorus both assert that sins are not equal.Again, the Stoics say that the wise man will take part in politics, if nothing hinders him – so, for instance, Chrysippus in the first book of his work On Various Types of Life – since thus he will restrain vice and promote virtue. Also (they maintain) he will marry, as Zeno says in his Republic, and beget children. Moreover, they say that the wise man will never form mere opinions, that is to say, he will never give assent to anything that is false; that he will also play the Cynic, Cynicism being a short cut to virtue, as Apollodorus calls it in his Ethics; that he will even turn cannibal under stress of circumstances. They declare that he alone is free and bad men are slaves, freedom being power of independent action, whereas slavery is privation of the same; 7.162. After meeting Polemo, says Diocles of Magnesia, while Zeno was suffering from a protracted illness, he recanted his views. The Stoic doctrine to which he attached most importance was the wise man's refusal to hold mere opinions. And against this doctrine Persaeus was contending when he induced one of a pair of twins to deposit a certain sum with Ariston and afterwards got the other to reclaim it. Ariston being thus reduced to perplexity was refuted. He was at variance with Arcesilaus; and one day when he saw an abortion in the shape of a bull with a uterus, he said, Alas, here Arcesilaus has had given into his hand an argument against the evidence of the senses. 7.174. To the solitary man who talked to himself he remarked, You are not talking to a bad man. When some one twitted him on his old age, his reply was, I too am ready to depart; but when again I consider that I am in all points in good health and that I can still write and read, I am content to wait. We are told that he wrote down Zeno's lectures on oyster-shells and the blade-bones of oxen through lack of money to buy paper. Such was he; and yet, although Zeno had many other eminent disciples, he was able to succeed him in the headship of the school.He has left some very fine writings, which are as follows:of Time.of Zeno's Natural Philosophy, two books.Interpretations of Heraclitus, four books.De Sensu.of Art.A Reply to Democritus.A Reply to Aristarchus.A Reply to Herillus.of Impulse, two books. 9.5. He was exceptional from his boyhood; for when a youth he used to say that he knew nothing, although when he was grown up he claimed that he knew everything. He was nobody's pupil, but he declared that he inquired of himself, and learned everything from himself. Some, however, had said that he had been a pupil of Xenophanes, as we learn from Sotion, who also tells us that Ariston in his book On Heraclitus declares that he was cured of the dropsy and died of another disease. And Hippobotus has the same story.As to the work which passes as his, it is a continuous treatise On Nature, but is divided into three discourses, one on the universe, another on politics, and a third on theology.
6. Eusebius of Caesarea, Preparation For The Gospel, 6.8.11, 14.5.12 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

7. Stoic School, Stoicor. Veter. Fragm., 2.131, 3.266, 3.548

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
academy,sceptical Erler et al (2021) 68
alexandria Brouwer (2013) 117
arcesilaus Erler et al (2021) 68
aristo,sagehood of Brouwer (2013) 134
aristo Brouwer (2013) 61
aristo of chios Erler et al (2021) 68
aristotle Bett (2019) 24
athenaeus Brouwer (2013) 117
change (metabolē) to wisdom,between opposite states Brouwer (2013) 61
change (metabolē) to wisdom,in ethics Brouwer (2013) 61
change (metabolē) to wisdom,in logic Brouwer (2013) 61
change (metabolē) to wisdom Brouwer (2013) 61
chrysippus,demonstrations for the doctrine that the sage will not hold opinions Brouwer (2013) 61
chrysippus,sagehood of Brouwer (2013) 134
cicero Brouwer (2013) 134; Erler et al (2021) 68
cleanthes,sagehood of Brouwer (2013) 134
cleanthes Erler et al (2021) 68
clement of alexandria,heresy and epistemology Boulluec (2022) 398
concepts Long (2006) 228
democritus Bett (2019) 24
dialectic,definition of Brouwer (2013) 61
diogenes laertius Brouwer (2013) 61, 117, 134
diogenianus Brouwer (2013) 134
dogmatics,heraclitus as a dogmatic philosopher Erler et al (2021) 68
epicureanism Bett (2019) 24
epicurus Bett (2019) 24
eusebius of caesarea Brouwer (2013) 134
heraclitus Bett (2019) 24; Erler et al (2021) 68
ioppolo,a.-m. Long (2006) 228
katalepsis,kataleptic impression Long (2006) 228
knowledge (epistēmē) Brouwer (2013) 61
logic,dialectic and rhetoric as parts of Brouwer (2013) 61
lucretius Bett (2019) 24
marcus aurelius Erler et al (2021) 68
memory Long (2006) 228
numenius Erler et al (2021) 68
paradox Brouwer (2013) 61
persaeus,sagehood of Brouwer (2013) 134
physics Erler et al (2021) 68
plato,theaeteus Long (2006) 228
plato Bett (2019) 24
platonic dialogues,theaetetus Erler et al (2021) 68
plutarch Brouwer (2013) 61, 134
pomegranates Brouwer (2013) 117
presocratics Erler et al (2021) 68
prolepsis Long (2006) 228
ptolemy,philadelpus Long (2006) 228
related fabulously about,of aristo Brouwer (2013) 134
related fabulously about,of chrysippus Brouwer (2013) 134
related fabulously about,of cleanthes Brouwer (2013) 134
related fabulously about,of persaeus Brouwer (2013) 134
related fabulously about,of sphaerus Brouwer (2013) 117, 134
related fabulously about,of the stoics' Brouwer (2013) 134
related fabulously about,of the stoics Brouwer (2013) 117
related fabulously about,of zeno Brouwer (2013) 134
sage,as virtuous Brouwer (2013) 61
sage,holds no opinions Brouwer (2013) 61
sextus empiricus Brouwer (2013) 134
skepticism,academic Bett (2019) 24
socrates Bett (2019) 24
socrates (platonic character) Erler et al (2021) 68
soul Erler et al (2021) 68; Long (2006) 228
sphaerus,sagehood of Brouwer (2013) 117, 134
sphaerus Erler et al (2021) 68; Long (2006) 228
stoicism,orthodox borrowing from Boulluec (2022) 398
stoicism Bett (2019) 24
stoics Erler et al (2021) 68
system Erler et al (2021) 68
tranquillity,truth Long (2006) 228
wisdom (sophia),sagehood of Brouwer (2013) 134
zeno of citium,and platos theaetetus Long (2006) 228
zeno of citium,epistemology of Long (2006) 228
zeno of citium Erler et al (2021) 68