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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



4479
Diogenes Laertius, Lives Of The Philosophers, 4.17


nanAntigonus of Carystus in his Biographies says that his father was foremost among the citizens and kept horses to compete in the chariot-race; that Polemo himself had been defendant in an action brought by his wife, who charged him with cruelty owing to the irregularities of his life; but that, from the time when he began to study philosophy, he acquired such strength of character as always to maintain the same unruffled calm of demeanour. Nay more, he never lost control of his voice. This in fact accounts for the fascination which he exercised over Crantor. Certain it is that, when a mad dog bit him in the back of his thigh, he did not even turn pale, but remained undisturbed by all the clamour which arose in the city at the news of what had happened. In the theatre too he was singularly unmoved.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

8 results
1. Strabo, Geography, 16.2.4 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

16.2.4. Seleucis is the best of the above-mentioned portions of Syria. It is called and is a Tetrapolis, and derives its name from the four distinguished cities which it contains; for there are more than four cities, but the four largest are Antioch Epidaphne, Seleuceia in Pieria, Apameia, and Laodiceia. They were called Sisters from the concord which existed between them. They were founded by Seleucus Nicator. The largest bore the name of his father, and the strongest his own. of the others, Apameia had its name from his wife Apama, and Laodiceia from his mother.In conformity with its character of Tetrapolis, Seleucis, according to Poseidonius, was divided into four satrapies; Coele-Syria into the same number, but [Commagene, like] Mesopotamia, consisted of one.Antioch also is a Tetrapolis, consisting (as the name implies) of four portions, each of which has its own, and all of them a common wall.[Seleucus] Nicator founded the first of these portions, transferring thither settlers from Antigonia, which a short time before Antigonus, son of Philip, had built near it. The second was built by the general body of settlers; the third by Seleucus, the son of Callinicus; the fourth by Antiochus, the son of Epiphanes.
2. Athenaeus, The Learned Banquet, 563 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

3. Lucian, Hermotimus, Or Sects, 84-86, 47 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4. Philostratus The Athenian, Life of Apollonius, 1.7 (2nd cent. CE

1.7. ON reaching the age when children are taught their letters, he showed great strength of memory and power of application; and his tongue affected the Attic dialect, nor was his accent corrupted by the race he lived among. All eyes were turned upon him, for he was, moreover, conspicuous for his beauty. When he reached his fourteenth year, his father brought him to Tarsus, to Euthydemus the teacher from Phoenicia. Now Euthydemus was a good rhetor, and began his education; but, though he was attached to his teacher, he found the atmosphere of the city harsh and strange and little conducive to the philosophic life, for nowhere are men more addicted than here to luxury; jesters and full of insolence are they all; and they attend more to their fine linen than the Athenians did to wisdom; and a stream called the Cydnus runs through their city, along the banks of which they sit like so many water-fowl. Hence the words which Apollonius addresses to them in his letter: Be done with getting drunk upon your water. He therefore transferred his teacher, with his father's consent, to the town of Aegae, which was close by, where he found a peace congenial to one who would be a philosopher, and a more serious school of study and a sanctuary of Asclepius, where that god reveals himself in person to men. There he had as his companions in philosophy followers of Plato and Chrysippus and peripatetic philosophers. And he diligently attended also to the discourses of Epicurus, for he did not despise these either, although it was to those of Pythagoras that he applied himself with unspeakable wisdom and ardor. However, his teacher of the Pythagorean system was not a very serious person, nor one who practiced in his conduct the philosophy he taught; for he was the slave of his belly and appetites, and modeled himself upon Epicurus. And this man was Euxenus from the town of Heraclea in Pontus, and he knew the principles of Pythagoras just as birds know what they learn from men; for the birds will wish you farewell, and say Good day or Zeus help you, and such like, without understanding what they say and without any real sympathy for mankind, merely because they have been trained to move their tongue in a certain manner. Apollonius, however, was like the young eagles who, as long as they are not fully fledged, fly alongside of their parents and are trained by them in flight, but who, as soon as they are able to rise in the air, outsoar the parent birds, especially when they perceive the latter to be greedy and to be flying along the ground in order to snuff the quarry; like them Apollonius attended Euxenus as long as he was a child and was guided by him in the path of argument, but when he reached his sixteenth year he indulged his impulse towards the life of Pythagoras, being fledged and winged thereto by some higher power. Notwithstanding he did not cease to love Euxenus, nay, he persuaded his father to present him with a villa outside the town, where there were tender groves and fountains, and he said to him: Now you live there your own life, but I will live that of Pythagoras.
5. Philostratus The Athenian, Lives of The Sophists, 527 (2nd cent. CE

6. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 2.117, 2.125, 3.66, 4.4, 4.16, 4.19-4.20, 4.22, 7.12, 7.15-7.16, 9.18 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

2.117. When Crates asked him whether the gods take delight in prayers and adorations, he is said to have replied, Don't put such a question in the street, simpleton, but when we are alone! It is said that Bion, when he was asked the same question whether there are gods, replied:Will you not scatter the crowd from me, O much-enduring elder?In character Stilpo was simple and unaffected, and he could readily adapt himself to the plain man. For instance, when Crates the Cynic did not answer the question put to him and only insulted the questioner, I knew, said Stilpo, that you would utter anything rather than what you ought. 3.66. the dotted cross (⨰) denotes select passages and beauties of style; the dotted diple (⋗) editors' corrections of the text; the dotted obelus (÷) passages suspected without reason; the dotted antisigma (Ꜿ) repetitions and proposals for transpositions; the ceraunium the philosophical school; the asterisk (∗) an agreement of doctrine; the obelus (−) a spurious passage. So much for the critical marks and his writings in general. As Antigonus of Carystus says in his Life of Zeno, when the writings were first edited with critical marks, their possessors charged a certain fee to anyone who wished to consult them. 4.4. Plutarch in the Lives of Lysander and Sulla makes his malady to have been morbus pedicularis. That his body wasted away is affirmed by Timotheus in his book On Lives. Speusippus, he says, meeting a rich man who was in love with one who was no beauty, said to him, Why, pray, are you in such sore need of him? For ten talents I will find you a more handsome bride.He has left behind a vast store of memoirs and numerous dialogues, among them:Aristippus the Cyrenaic.On Wealth, one book.On Pleasure, one book.On Justice,On Philosophy,On Friendship,On the Gods,The Philosopher,A Reply to Cephalus,Cephalus,Clinomachus or Lysias,The Citizen,of the Soul,A Reply to Gryllus 4.16. 3. POLEMOPolemo, the son of Philostratus, was an Athenian who belonged to the deme of Oea. In his youth he was so profligate and dissipated that he actually carried about with him money to procure the immediate gratification of his desires, and would even keep sums concealed in lanes and alleys. Even in the Academy a piece of three obols was found close to a pillar, where he had buried it for the same purpose. And one day, by agreement with his young friends, he burst into the school of Xenocrates quite drunk, with a garland on his head. Xenocrates, however, without being at all disturbed, went on with his discourse as before, the subject being temperance. The lad, as he listened, by degrees was taken in the toils. He became so industrious as to surpass all the other scholars, and rose to be himself head of the school in the 116th Olympiad. 4.19. which, as the same author says, is strong seasoning for meat when it is high. Further, he would not, they say, even sit down to deal with the themes of his pupils, but would argue walking up and down. It was, then, for his love of what is noble that he was honoured in the state. Nevertheless would he withdraw from society and confine himself to the Garden of the Academy, while close by his scholars made themselves little huts and lived not far from the shrine of the Muses and the lecture-hall. It would seem that in all respects Polemo emulated Xenocrates. And Aristippus in the fourth book of his work On the Luxury of the Ancients affirms him to have been his favourite. Certainly he always kept his predecessor before his mind and, like him, wore that simple austere dignity which is proper to the Dorian mode. 4.20. He loved Sophocles, particularly in those passages where it seemed as if, in the phrase of the comic poet,A stout Molossian mastiff lent him aid,and where the poet was, in the words of Phrynichus,Nor must, nor blended vintage, but true Pramnian.Thus he would call Homer the Sophocles of epic, and Sophocles the Homer of tragedyHe died at an advanced age of gradual decay, leaving behind him a considerable number of works. I have composed the following epigram upon him:Dost thou not hear? We have buried Polemo, laid here by that fatal scourge of wasted strength. Yet not Polemo, but merely his body, which on his way to the stars he left to moulder in the ground. 4.22. Hence Arcesilaus, who had quitted Theophrastus and gone over to their school, said of them that they were gods or a remt of the Golden Age. They did not side with the popular party, but were such as Dionysodorus the flute-player is said to have claimed to be, when he boasted that no one ever heard his melodies, as those of Ismenias were heard, either on shipboard or at the fountain. According to Antigonus, their common table was in the house of Crantor; and these two and Arcesilaus lived in harmony together. Arcesilaus and Crantor shared the same house, while Polemo and Crates lived with Lysicles, one of the citizens. Crates, as already stated, was the favourite of Polemo and Arcesilaus of Crantor. 7.12. Thraso of the deme Anacaea, Philocles of Peiraeus, Phaedrus of Anaphlystus, Medon of Acharnae, Micythus of Sypalettus, and Dion of Paeania have been elected commissioners for the making of the crown and the building.These are the terms of the decree.Antigonus of Carystus tells us that he never denied that he was a citizen of Citium. For when he was one of those who contributed to the restoration of the baths and his name was inscribed upon the pillar as Zeno the philosopher, he requested that the words of Citium should be added. He made a hollow lid for a flask and used to carry about money in it, in order that there might be provision at hand for the necessities of his master Crates. 7.15. After Zeno's death Antigonus is reported to have said, What an audience I have lost. Hence too he employed Thraso as his agent to request the Athenians to bury Zeno in the Ceramicus. And when asked why he admired him, Because, said he, the many ample gifts I offered him never made him conceited nor yet appear poor-spirited.His bent was towards inquiry, and he was an exact reasoner on all subjects. Hence the words of Timon in his Silli:A Phoenician too I saw, a pampered old woman ensconced in gloomy pride, longing for all things; but the meshes of her subtle web have perished, and she had no more intelligence than a banjo. 7.16. He used to dispute very carefully with Philo the logician and study along with him. Hence Zeno, who was the junior, had as great an admiration for Philo as his master Diodorus. And he had about him certain ragged dirty fellows, as Timon says in these lines:The while he got together a crowd of ignorant serfs, who surpassed all men in beggary and were the emptiest of townsfolk.Zeno himself was sour and of a frowning countece. He was very niggardly too, clinging to meanness unworthy of a Greek, on the plea of economy, If he pitched into anyone he would do it concisely, and not effusively, keeping him rather at arm's length. I mean, for example, his remark upon the fop showing himself off. 9.18. 2. XENOPHANESXenophanes, a native of Colophon, the son of Dexius, or, according to Apollodorus, of Orthomenes, is praised by Timon, whose words at all events are:Xenophanes, not over-proud, perverter of Homer, castigator.He was banished from his native city and lived at Zancle in Sicily [and having joined the colony planted at Elea taught there]. He also lived in Catana. According to some he was no man's pupil, according to others he was a pupil of Boton of Athens, or, as some say, of Archelaus. Sotion makes him a contemporary of Anaximander. His writings are in epic metre, as well as elegiacs and iambics attacking Hesiod and Homer and denouncing what they said about the gods. Furthermore he used to recite his own poems. It is stated that he opposed the views of Thales and Pythagoras, and attacked Epimenides also. He lived to a very great age, as his own words somewhere testify:
7. Porphyry, Life of Plotinus, 20 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

8. Stoic School, Stoicor. Veter. Fragm., 1.247



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alexinus Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 98
antigonus gonatas Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 98
antigonus of carystus Bryan, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248; Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12, 98; Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
apollonius of tyana Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
apollonius of tyre Bryan, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248; Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
arcesilaus Bryan, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248; Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
biography, of zeno Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
biography Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
bodies, body Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
consistency Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
convention, challenges to Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
conversion, philosophical conversion Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
conversion Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
death Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
diogenes laertius Bryan, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248; Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
epicurean garden Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
epicurus, on nature and the self Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
fear, freedom from Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
goodness, good life Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
happiness Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
health Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
hellenistic philosophy, ethics of Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
indeterminacy Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
inscription Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
lucian Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
menedemus Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 98
nature, of things Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
pain, of body Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
persaeus Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
philostratus Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
plato Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
polemo of laodicea Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
politics Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
school, philosophical schools Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
school, school fees Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
self-mastery Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
social philosophy Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
socrates Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12, 98
soul Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
stoics, origins of school Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
strabo Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
student, terminology Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
student-teacher relationship Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
teacher Tanaseanu-Döbler and von Alvensleben, Athens II: Athens in Late Antiquity (2020) 233
timons silloi Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
tranquillity, truth Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
values, system of' Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
xenophanes Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 98
zeno of citium, biography Wardy and Warren, Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy (2018) 248
zeno of citium, ethics of Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12
zeno of citium Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 12