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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library, 13.82

nan1.  Now the sacred buildings which they constructed, and especially the temple of Zeus, bear witness to the grand manner of the men of that day. Of the other sacred buildings some have been burned and others completely destroyed because of the many times the city has been taken in war, but the completion of the temple of Zeus, which was ready to receive its roof, was prevented by the war; and after the war, since the city had been completely destroyed, never in the subsequent years did the Acragantini find themselves able to finish their buildings.,2.  The temple has a length of three hundred and forty feet, a width of sixty, and a height of one hundred and twenty not including the foundation. And being as it is the largest temple in Sicily, it may not unreasonably be compared, so far as magnitude of its substructure is concerned, with the temples outside of Sicily; for even though, as it turned out, the design could not be carried out, the scale of the undertaking at any rate is clear.,3.  And though all other men build their temples either with walls forming the sides or with rows of columns, thrown enclosing their sanctuaries, this temple combines both these plans; for the columns were built in with the walls, the part extending outside the temple being rounded and that within square; and the circumference of the outer part of the column which extends from the wall is twenty feet and the body of a man may be contained in the fluting, while that of the inner part is twelve feet.,4.  The porticoes were of enormous size and height, and in the east pediment they portrayed The Battle between the Gods and the Giants which excelled in size and beauty, and in the west The Capture of Troy, in which each one of the heroes may be seen portrayed in a manner appropriate to his rôle.,5.  There was at that time also an artificial pool outside the city, seven stades in circumference and twenty cubits deep; into this they brought water and ingeniously contrived to produce a multitude of fish of every variety for their public feastings, and with the fish swans spent their time and a vast multitude of every other kind of bird, so that the pool was an object of great delight to gaze upon.,6.  And witness to the luxury of the inhabitants is also the extravagant cost of the monuments which they erected, some adorned with sculptured race-horses and others with the pet birds kept by girls and boys in their homes, monuments which Timaeus says he had seen extant even in his own lifetime.,7.  And in the Olympiad previous to the one we are discussing, namely, the Ninety-second, when Exaenetus of Acragas won the "stadion," he was conducted into the city in a chariot and in the procession there were, not to speak of the other things, three hundred chariots belonging to citizens of Acragas.,8.  Speaking generally, they led from youth onward a manner of life which was luxurious, wearing as they did exceedingly delicate clothing and gold ornaments and, besides, using strigils and oil-flasks made of silver and even of gold.

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Hesiod, Works And Days, 243-251, 242 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

242. And honest, children grow in amity
2. Theocritus, Idylls, 17 (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3. Cicero, In Verrem, 2.4.122 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4. Plutarch, Nicias, 14.5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. Lucian, Parliament of The Gods, 12 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6.5.7, 6.9.8, 6.11.2-6.11.9 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6.5.7. Dareius, the bastard son of Artaxerxes, who with the support of the Persian common people put down Sogdius, the legitimate son of Artaxerxes, and ascended the throne in his stead, learning when he was king of the exploits of Pulydamas, sent messengers with the promise of gifts and persuaded him to come before his presence at Susa . There he challenged three of the Persians called Immortals to fight him—one against three— and killed them. of his exploits enumerated, some are represented on the pedestal of the statue at Olympia, and others are set forth in the inscription. 6.9.8. The response given by the Pythian priestess was, they say, as follows:— Last of heroes is Cleomedes of Astypalaea; Honor him with sacrifices as being no longer a mortal. So from this time have the Astypalaeans paid honors to Cleomedes as to a hero. 6.11.2. Not far from the kings mentioned stands a Thasian, Theagenes the son of Timosthenes. The Thasians say that Timosthenes was not the father of Theagenes, but a priest of the Thasian Heracles, a phantom of whom in the likeness of Timosthenes had intercourse with the mother of Theagenes. In his ninth year, they say, as he was going home from school, he was attracted by a bronze image of some god or other in the marketplace; so he caught up the image, placed it on one of his shoulders and carried it home. 6.11.3. The citizens were enraged at what he had done, but one of them, a respected man of advanced years, bade them not to kill the lad, and ordered him to carry the image from his home back again to the market-place. This he did, and at once became famous for his strength, his feat being noised abroad through-out Greece . 6.11.4. The achievements of Theagenes at the Olympian games have already—the most famous of them—been described Paus. 6.6.5 in my story, how he beat Euthymus the boxer, and how he was fined by the Eleans. On this occasion the pancratium, it is said, was for the first time on record won without a contest, the victor being Dromeus of Mantineia . At the Festival following this, Theagenes was the winner in the pancratium. 6.11.5. He also won three victories at Pytho . These were for boxing, while nine prizes at Nemea and ten at the Isthmus were won in some cases for the pancratium and in others for boxing. At Phthia in Thessaly he gave up training for boxing and the pancratium. He devoted himself to winning fame among the Greeks for his running also, and beat those who entered for the long race. His ambition was, I think, to rival Achilles by winning a prize for running in the fatherland of the swiftest of those who are called heroes. The total number of crowns that he won was one thousand four hundred. 6.11.6. When he departed this life, one of those who were his enemies while he lived came every night to the statue of Theagenes and flogged the bronze as though he were ill-treating Theagenes himself. The statue put an end to the outrage by falling on him, but the sons of the dead man prosecuted the statue for murder. So the Thasians dropped the statue to the bottom of the sea, adopting the principle of Draco, who, when he framed for the Athenians laws to deal with homicide, inflicted banishment even on lifeless things, should one of them fall and kill a man. 6.11.7. But in course of time, when the earth yielded no crop to the Thasians, they sent envoys to Delphi, and the god instructed them to receive back the exiles. At this command they received them back, but their restoration brought no remedy of the famine. So for the second time they went to the Pythian priestess, saying that although they had obeyed her instructions the wrath of the gods still abode with them. 6.11.8. Whereupon the Pythian priestess replied to them :— But you have forgotten your great Theagenes. And when they could not think of a contrivance to recover the statue of Theagenes, fishermen, they say, after putting out to sea for a catch of fish caught the statue in their net and brought it back to land. The Thasians set it up in its original position, and are wont to sacrifice to him as to a god. 6.11.9. There are many other places that I know of, both among Greeks and among barbarians, where images of Theagenes have been set up, who cures diseases and receives honors from the natives. The statue of Theagenes is in the Altis, being the work of Glaucias of Aegina .
7. Epigraphy, Ogis, 54

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
"historiography,hellenistic" Hau (2017) 120
"historiography,universal" Hau (2017) 120
"justice,divine" Hau (2017) 120
"justice,human" Hau (2017) 120
ability to handle good fortune Hau (2017) 120
agorai Gygax (2016) 121
arsinoe ii Csapo (2022) 63
athletes,worshipped Gygax (2016) 121
berenike ii Csapo (2022) 63
correlation between action and result as a means of moralising Hau (2017) 120
courage Hau (2017) 120
cruelty Hau (2017) 120
diodorus siculus Hau (2017) 120
diognetus of crete Gygax (2016) 121
ekphrasis Hau (2017) 120
euthycles of locri Gygax (2016) 121
euthymus of locri Gygax (2016) 121
exaenetus of acragas Gygax (2016) 121
greed Hau (2017) 120
hesiod (poet) Csapo (2022) 63
impiety Hau (2017) 120
luxury Hau (2017) 120
mildness Hau (2017) 120
monarchy,and divine origins Csapo (2022) 63
old comedy (attic) Csapo (2022) 63
pausanias the periegete Gygax (2016) 121
philistis (wife of hieron) Csapo (2022) 63
piety Hau (2017) 120
pisistratus (tyrant of athens)/pisistratids Csapo (2022) 63
polydamas of scotussa Gygax (2016) 121
priests/priestesses' Csapo (2022) 63
ptolemies Csapo (2022) 63
schools Gygax (2016) 121
sources,of diodorus siculus Hau (2017) 120
statues,in the agora Gygax (2016) 121
syracuse,theatre building,diazoma Csapo (2022) 63
thasos Gygax (2016) 121
theagenes of thasos Gygax (2016) 121
theron (tyrant of acragas) Csapo (2022) 63
zeus,eleutherios Csapo (2022) 63
zeus,olympios Csapo (2022) 63