Home About Network of subjects Linked subjects heatmap Book indices included Search by subject Search by reference Browse subjects Browse texts

Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



4413
Demosthenes, Orations, 24.148-24.152


nanSolon therefore, wishing to deprive the Council of authority to imprison, included this formula in the Councillors’ oath; but he did not include it in the judicial oath. He thought it right that a Court of Justice should have unlimited authority, and that the convicted criminal should submit to any punishment ordered by the court. To make good this view the clerk will read the judicial oath of the Court of Heliaea. Read.


nanThe Oath of the Heliasts I will give verdict in accordance with the statutes and decrees of the People of Athens and of the Council of Five-hundred. I will not vote for tyranny or oligarchy. If any man try to subvert the Athenian democracy or make any speech or any proposal in contravention thereof I will not comply. I will not allow private debts to be cancelled, nor lands nor houses belonging to Athenian citizens to be redistributed. I will not restore exiles or persons under sentence of death. I will not expel, nor suffer another to expel, persons here resident in contravention of the statutes and decrees of the Athenian People or of the Council.


nanI will not confirm the appointment to any office of any person still subject to audit in respect of any other office, to wit the offices of the nine Archons or of the Recorder or any other office for which a ballot is taken on the same day as for the nine Archons, or the office of Marshal, or ambassador, or member of the Allied Congress. I will not suffer the same man to hold the same office twice, or two offices in the same year. I will not take bribes in respect of my judicial action, nor shall any other man or woman accept bribes for me with my knowledge by any subterfuge or trick whatsoever.


nanI am not less than thirty years old. I will give impartial hearing to prosecutor and defendant alike, and I will give my verdict strictly on the charge named in the prosecution. The juror shall swear by Zeus, Poseidon, and Demeter, and shall invoke destruction upon himself and his household if he in any way transgress this oath, and shall pray that his prosperity may depend upon his loyal observance thereof. The oath, gentlemen of the jury, does not contain the words I will not imprison any Athenian citizen. The courts alone decide every question brought to trial; and they have full authority to pass sentence of imprisonment, or any other sentence they please.


nanThat you are empowered to pass sentence of imprisonment I prove by this argument; and I take it that everybody will agree that to invalidate judicial decisions is monstrous, impious, and subversive of popular government. Our commonwealth, gentlemen of the jury, is administered by laws and by votes of the people; and if once decisions by vote are repealed by a new law, where will be the end of it? Can we justly call this thing a law? Is it not rather the negation of law? Does not such a lawgiver merit our strongest resentment?


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. Antiphon, Orations, 5.11-5.12 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2. Aristophanes, Women of The Assembly, 1065, 1064 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1064. ἀλλ' ἐγγυητάς σοι καταστήσω δύο
3. Isaeus, Orations, 7.28 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4. Plato, Critias, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

119e. hunted after the bulls with staves and nooses but with no weapon of iron; and whatsoever bull they captured they led up to the pillar and cut its throat over the top of the pillar, raining down blood on the inscription. And inscribed upon the pillar, besides the laws, was an oath which invoked mighty curses upon them that disobeyed. Crit. When, then, they had done sacrifice according to their laws and were consecrating
5. Aeschines, Letters, 1.114, 2.87, 2.115, 3.99, 3.109-3.113, 3.119-3.120, 3.125 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 4.2, 47.4-47.5, 60.2 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Demosthenes, Orations, 18.283, 19.172, 19.219-19.220, 21.119, 22.77-22.78, 23.67-23.68, 24.111-24.113, 24.115, 24.120-24.122, 24.124, 24.129-24.131, 24.137, 24.149-24.152, 24.154, 29.26, 29.33, 29.54, 47.73, 49.66-49.67, 54.4, 54.38, 54.41, 59.1, 59.6 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

8. Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, 79, 20 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

9. Andocides, Orations, 1.31, 1.96-1.98, 1.126

10. Andocides, Orations, 1.31, 1.96-1.98, 1.126

11. Epigraphy, Ig I , 369, 84, 252

12. Epigraphy, Ig I , 369, 84, 252

13. Epigraphy, Ig Ii2, 1361

14. Epigraphy, Seg, 22.508, 26.121

15. Epigraphy, Ml, 53



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aetolian oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
ancestors, athenian Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
archons oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
areopagus council, ephebic oath Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
asebia (impiety), of androtion Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
authenticity Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
basileus, lessor of temene Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
bouleuterion (old), oath of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
demonicus (cyprian nobleman), demophantus, oath of Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
diōmosiai Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
epeian oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
ephebic oath Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
gene, leasing transactions of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
guarantors Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
herakles, at porthmos (sounion?) Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
hippocratic oath Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
history and oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
homicide trials, oaths in Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
houses, leasing of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
houses, owned by gene Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
klytidai (chian phratry) Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
law, athenian. Gagarin and Cohen, The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Law (2005) 197
law, concerning the temene Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
law, sacred Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
law-courts, witnesses oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
leases, lessees Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
leases, rental Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
miaros (pollution, impurity), disqualifying from public life Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
neleus, shrine of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
oath, jurors Gagarin and Cohen, The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Law (2005) 197
oath-challenges Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
official oaths, archons oath of office Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
official oaths, phratry oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
orgeones, leasing transactions of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
other gods, treasury/treasurers of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
palladium Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
phocaean oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
purchases, of taxes Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
purchases, πριάμενος/ ὠνητής Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
rhetoric Gagarin and Cohen, The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Law (2005) 197
ruin (atē), enact self-curses Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
ruin (atē), sacrificial rituals and oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
salaminioi Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
salaminioi (genos), herakleion Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
salaminioi (genos), real property of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
scythian oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
self-curses, in law-court speeches Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
solon, oath attributed to Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58, 174
sphagia (slaughtered offerings) Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
temenos (τέμενος) Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58, 174
temnein (to cut) Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
temple, temple-robbery' Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
threshing floors, of the salaminioi Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 174
tomia (cut pieces) Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21
trial, athenian Gagarin and Cohen, The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Law (2005) 197
water resources, management of Papazarkadas, Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens (2011) 58
witnesses oaths Sommerstein and Torrance, Oaths and Swearing in Ancient Greece (2014) 21