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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



4413
Demosthenes, Orations, 24.111-24.113


nanGentlemen of the jury, I am amazed at the man’s effrontery. To think that, when he and Androtion were in office, he never had any compassion for the great body of your fellow-citizens, who were exhausted with paying income-tax, and that then when Androtion was called upon to refund money, both sacred and civil, which he had long before stolen from the State, he must needs propose a law to deprive you of the double repayment of civil, and the tenfold repayment of sacred, liabilities! Thus the whole mass of you citizens has been attacked by a man who was immediately afterwards to pretend that he had framed his law as a friend of the people.


nanIn my view, no punishment could be too severe for a man who, when some market-clerk, or street-inspector, or judge of a local court,—some poor, unskilled man, without experience, and appointed to his office by lot,—has been found guilty of peculation at the audits, demands from him a tenfold restitution, and has no new law to propose for the relief of such delinquents, and then, when ambassadors, elected by vote of the people, men of substance, have embezzled and long retained large sums of money, the property in part of the temples, in part of the treasury, is at great pains to invent for them a way of escape from penalties ordained both by decree and by statute.


nanAnd yet Solon, gentlemen of the jury,—and even Timocrates cannot pretend to be a legislator of the same calibre as Solon,—so far from providing such defaulters with the means of swindling in security, actually introduced a law to ensure that they should either refrain from crime or be adequately punished. For a theft in day-time of more than fifty drachmas a man might be arrested summarily and put into custody of the Eleven. If he stole anything, however small, by night, the person aggrieved might lawfully pursue and kill or wound him, or else put him into the hands of the Eleven, at his own option. A man found guilty of an offence for which arrest is lawful was not allowed to put in bail and refund the stolen money; no, the penalty was death.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

8 results
1. Plato, Laws, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

857b. on obtaining pardon from the State, or after payment of double the sum stolen, he shall be let out of prison. Clin. How comes it, Stranger, that we are ruling that it makes no difference to the thief whether the thing he steals be great or small, and whether the place it is stolen from be holy or unhallowed, or whatever other differences may exist in the manner of a theft; whereas the lawgiver ought to suit the punishment to the crime by inflicting dissimilar penalties in these varying cases? Ath. Well said, Clinias! You have collided with me
2. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

344a. the man who has the ability to overreach on a large scale. Consider this type of man, then, if you wish to judge how much more profitable it is to him personally to be unjust than to be just. And the easiest way of all to understand this matter will be to turn to the most consummate form of injustice which makes the man who has done the wrong most happy and those who are wronged and who would not themselves willingly do wrong most miserable. And this is tyranny, which both by stealth and by force takes away what belongs to others, both sacred and profane, both private and public, not little by little but at one swoop.
3. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 2.13.3-2.13.5 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

2.13.3. Here they had no reason to despond. Apart from other sources of income, an average revenue of six hundred talents of silver was drawn from the tribute of the allies; and there were still six thousand talents of coined silver in the Acropolis, out of nine thousand seven hundred that had once been there, from which the money had been taken for the porch of the Acropolis, the other public buildings, and for Potidaea . 2.13.4. This did not include the uncoined gold and silver in public and private offerings, the sacred vessels for the processions and games, the Median spoils, and similar resources to the amount of five hundred talents. 2.13.5. To this he added the treasures of the other temples. These were by no means inconsiderable, and might fairly be used. Nay, if they were ever absolutely driven to it, they might take even the gold ornaments of Athena herself; for the statue contained forty talents of pure gold and it was all removable. This might be used for self-preservation, and must every penny of it be restored.
4. Aeschines, Letters, 1.23 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

5. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 30.2 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Demosthenes, Orations, 22.77-22.78, 24.9, 24.11, 24.82, 24.101, 24.112-24.113, 24.115, 24.120-24.122, 24.124, 24.129-24.131, 24.137, 24.148-24.152, 24.154 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Aeschines, Or., 1.23

8. Epigraphy, Ml, 58



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
ancestors, athenian Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
asebia (impiety), of androtion Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
athens, administration of sacred matters Dignas, Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (2002) 16
athens, inventories Dignas, Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (2002) 16
authenticity Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
hiera, kai demosia Dignas, Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (2002) 16
hosios (and cognates), hiera kai hosia Peels, Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety (2016) 207
loans, sacred Dignas, Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (2002) 16
miaros (pollution, impurity), disqualifying from public life Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
money and the use of hosios Peels, Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety (2016) 207
sacred, finances Dignas, Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (2002) 16
sacred and profane meaning of hosios Peels, Hosios: A Semantic Study of Greek Piety (2016) 207
temple, temple-robbery' Martin, Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes (2009) 131
treasuries, sacred Dignas, Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (2002) 16