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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



4413
Demosthenes, Orations, 23.196-23.199


nanIt is also opportune, men of Athens, to inquire how our forefathers bestowed distinctions and rewards upon genuine benefactors, whether they were citizens or strangers. If you find their practice better than yours, you will do well to follow their example; if you prefer your own, it rests with you to continue it. Take first Themistocles, who won the naval victory at Salamis, Miltiades, who commanded at Marathon, and many others, whose achievements were not on a level with those of our commanders today. By not equal Demosthenes seems here to mean superior. Our ancestors did not put up bronze statues of these men, nor did they carry their regard for them to extremes.


nanSo they were not grateful to those who had served them well? Yes, men of Athens, they were very grateful; they showed their gratitude in a manner that was equally creditable to themselves and the recipients. They were all men of merit, but they chose those men to lead them; and to men of sobriety, who have a keen eye for realities, being raised to the primacy of a brave and noble people is a far greater distinction than any effigy of bronze.


nanThe truth is, gentlemen, that they would not rob themselves of their own share in any of those ancient achievements; and no man would say that the battle of Salamis belonged to Themistocles,—it was the battle of the Athenians; or that the victory at Marathon belonged to Miltiades,—it was the victory of the commonwealth. But today, men of Athens, it is commonly said that Corcyra was captured by Timotheus, that the Spartan battalion was cut to pieces by Iphicrates, that the naval victory off Naxos was won by Chabrias. It really looks as though you disclaimed any merit for those feats of arms by the extravagant favours that you lavish on the several commanders.


nanThus they distributed rewards within the city righteously and to the public advantage; we do it the wrong way. But what about those bestowed on strangers? When Meno of Pharsalus had given us twelve talents for the war at Eion near Amphipolis, and had reinforced us with three hundred of his own mounted serfs, they did not pass a decree that whoever slew Meno should be liable to seizure; they made him a citizen, and thought that distinction adequate.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

9 results
1. Isocrates, Orations, 18.59-18.60, 18.65-18.66 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

2. Lysias, Orations, 12.63, 30.28 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

3. Aeschines, Letters, 3.178-3.190 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4. Demosthenes, Orations, 13.21-13.23, 18.204-18.205, 18.209, 18.316, 18.319-18.320, 20.64, 20.68, 20.70, 20.74-20.75, 20.81-20.82, 20.112-20.117, 20.119-20.120, 20.142, 21.143-21.150, 23.197-23.206, 59.104-59.106 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

5. Dinarchus, Or., 1.14-1.15 (4th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6. Plutarch, Cimon, 4.5-4.6 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Plutarch, Lives of The Ten Orators, 22.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. Aeschines, Or., 3.178-3.190

9. Lycurgus, Orations, 1.86-1.89, 1.102-1.104, 1.125-1.127



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aelius aristides Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
aeschines Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 144; Gygax and Zuiderhoek, Benefactors and the Polis: The Public Gift in the Greek Cities from the Homeric World to Late Antiquity (2021) 81; Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
aeschylus Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
alcibiades Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 144
ateleia Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241; Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 86
athenian democracy Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
athens, and identity Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
athens Gygax and Zuiderhoek, Benefactors and the Polis: The Public Gift in the Greek Cities from the Homeric World to Late Antiquity (2021) 81
chabrias Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241
cimon Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
citizenship grants Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 86
common knowledge Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
conon Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 241; Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
custom duties, exemption from Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
cynaegirus Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
decrees, as paradigms Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 102
decrees, liability for Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 86
demosthenes, on themistocles Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
demosthenes, orator Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40, 166, 241
demosthenes, works, against leptines Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
demosthenes Gygax and Zuiderhoek, Benefactors and the Polis: The Public Gift in the Greek Cities from the Homeric World to Late Antiquity (2021) 81; Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
dôreai Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241
elite, ideological agency Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
enktêsis Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
epizelus Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
euergetism, and symbolic capital Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
exemplum/exempla Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
generosity Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gift-exchange, and time Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gift-exchange, costs and benefits in Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gift-exchange, disjunction in Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gift-exchange, equivalence in Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gift-exchange, non-institutional/informal Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gifts, and dependence Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gifts, and power Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
gifts, symbolic value of Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
historical knowledge in classical athens Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
historicisation Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 222
honorific inscriptions Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
honors, controversy surrounding Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169, 241
justice Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
lawcourt, character evidence Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
lawcourt, discursive parameters Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
lawcourt, historical allusions Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
lawcourts, athenian Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
leptines Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241
liturgies, exemption from Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241
lykidas, marathon, battle of Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 86
marathon, battle of Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 241
mass, ideological agency Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
memory, collective Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 102
military commanders, honors for Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241
miltiades Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 169, 241
money, for construction projects Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
orator, role in ideological practice Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
orator, use of the past Barbato, The Ideology of Democratic Athens: Institutions, Orators and the Mythical Past (2020) 68
oratory, attic Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
philotimia Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
plutarch Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 169
politeia (citizenship) Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
proedria Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
prytaneion Gygax and Zuiderhoek, Benefactors and the Polis: The Public Gift in the Greek Cities from the Homeric World to Late Antiquity (2021) 81; Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
public buildings, in fifth-century athens Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
relevance) Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
rewards, excessive Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40, 169
rewards, value of Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40
rhodes, p.j., salamis, battle of Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 86
salamis (cyprus), salamis, battle of Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 241
sophanes of decelea Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
statues, and self-representation Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
statues, as honors Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 40, 166
statues, in athens Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 241
statues, of conon Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
statues, of harmodius and aristogiton Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
statues, of military commanders Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241
statues, of miltiades Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 169
statues, of themistocles Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 169
statues, votive Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
statues Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 86
stoa poikile Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 169
temple, of artemis aristoboule Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
theater of dionysus Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166
themistocles, as discussed in oratory Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
themistocles, compared with conon Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
themistocles, ruse against the spartans Hesk, Deception and Democracy in Classical Athens (2000) 47
themistocles Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 166, 169, 241; Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 220, 222
timai Gygax, Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City: The Origins of Euergetism (2016) 241
time' Liddel, Decrees of Fourth-Century Athens (403/2-322/1 BC): Volume 2, Political and Cultural Perspectives (2020) 86