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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



4413
Demosthenes, Orations, 15.19


nanSeeing that Chios and Mytilene are ruled by oligarchs, and that Rhodes and, I might almost say, all the world are now being seduced into this form of slavery, I am surprised that none of you conceives that our constitution too is in danger, nor draws the conclusion that if all other states are organized on oligarchical principles, it is impossible that they should leave your democracy alone. For they know that none but you will bring freedom back again, and of course they want to destroy the source from which they are expecting ruin to themselves.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

5 results
1. Pindar, Pythian Odes, 2.86-2.88 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2. Aristophanes, Frogs, 405 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

405. σὺ γὰρ κατεσχίσω μὲν ἐπὶ γέλωτι
3. Herodotus, Histories, 3.82 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3.82. Such was the judgment of Megabyzus. Darius was the third to express his opinion. “It seems to me,” he said, “that Megabyzus speaks well concerning democracy but not concerning oligarchy. For if the three are proposed and all are at their best for the sake of argument, the best democracy and oligarchy and monarchy, I hold that monarchy is by far the most excellent. ,One could describe nothing better than the rule of the one best man; using the best judgment, he will govern the multitude with perfect wisdom, and best conceal plans made for the defeat of enemies. ,But in an oligarchy, the desire of many to do the state good service often produces bitter hate among them; for because each one wishes to be first and to make his opinions prevail, violent hate is the outcome, from which comes faction and from faction killing, and from killing it reverts to monarchy, and by this is shown how much better monarchy is. ,Then again, when the people rule it is impossible that wickedness will not occur; and when wickedness towards the state occurs, hatred does not result among the wicked, but strong alliances; for those that want to do the state harm conspire to do it together. This goes on until one of the people rises to stop such men. He therefore becomes the people's idol, and being their idol is made their monarch; and thus he also proves that monarchy is best. ,But (to conclude the whole matter in one word) tell me, where did freedom come from for us and who gave it, from the people or an oligarchy or a single ruler? I believe, therefore, that we who were liberated through one man should maintain such a government, and, besides this, that we should not alter our ancestral ways that are good; that would not be better.”
4. Xenophon, Memoirs, 4.6.12 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4.6.12. Kingship and despotism, in his judgment, were both forms of government, but he held that they differed. For government of men with their consent and in accordance with the laws of the state was kingship; while government of unwilling subjects and not controlled by laws, but imposed by the will of the ruler, was despotism. And where the officials are chosen among those who fulfil the requirements of the laws, the constitution is an aristocracy: where rateable property is the qualification for office, you have a plutocracy: where all are eligible, a democracy.
5. Aristotle, Politics, None (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aitnaiai in sicily, oral binding curse in eumenides Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 301
areopagos, theatre of dionysos Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 301
aristotle, on choregia Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 301
autocrats/autocracy see also dionysus, monarchy, satyrplay, tragedy, tyrants\n, and theatre Csapo et al., Theatre and Autocracy in the Ancient World (2022) 199
demosthenes, and choregia Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 301
euripides, dramas by\n, ion Csapo et al., Theatre and Autocracy in the Ancient World (2022) 199
ikarion Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 301
lykourgos Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 301
oligarchs/oligarchy, avoidance of/disinterest in theatre Csapo et al., Theatre and Autocracy in the Ancient World (2022) 199
oligarchs/oligarchy Csapo et al., Theatre and Autocracy in the Ancient World (2022) 199
xenokles' Eidinow, Oracles, Curses, and Risk Among the Ancient Greeks (2007) 301