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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2443
Clement Of Rome, 1 Clement, 1.3
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

27 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Job, 4.17, 5.25 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.17. הַאֱנוֹשׁ מֵאֱלוֹהַ יִצְדָּק אִם מֵעֹשֵׂהוּ יִטְהַר־גָּבֶר׃ 5.25. וְיָדַעְתָּ כִּי־רַב זַרְעֶךָ וְצֶאֱצָאֶיךָ כְּעֵשֶׂב הָאָרֶץ׃ 4.17. ’Shall mortal man be just before God? Shall a man be pure before his Maker?" 5.25. Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be great, And thine offspring as the grass of the earth."
2. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 31.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

31.10. A woman of valour who can find? For her price is far above rubies."
3. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 33.11 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

33.11. עֲצַת יְהוָה לְעוֹלָם תַּעֲמֹד מַחְשְׁבוֹת לִבּוֹ לְדֹר וָדֹר׃ 33.11. The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, The thoughts of His heart to all generations."
4. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 53.2 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

53.2. וַיַּעַל כַּיּוֹנֵק לְפָנָיו וְכַשֹּׁרֶשׁ מֵאֶרֶץ צִיָּה לֹא־תֹאַר לוֹ וְלֹא הָדָר וְנִרְאֵהוּ וְלֹא־מַרְאֶה וְנֶחְמְדֵהוּ׃ 53.2. For he shot up right forth as a sapling, And as a root out of a dry ground; He had no form nor comeliness, that we should look upon him, Nor beauty that we should delight in him."
5. Horace, Ars Poetica, 313-316, 312 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Philo of Alexandria, That God Is Unchangeable, 19, 17 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

17. for if some men do all things for the sake of themselves alone, not with a view to the honour of their parents, or the proper regulation of their children, or the salvation of their country, or the guardianship of the laws, or the preservation of good morals, or with a view to the due performance of any public or private duty, or of a proper celebration of sacred rites, or the pious worship due to the gods, they will be deservedly miserable.
7. Clement of Rome, 1 Clement, 1.2, 3.3, 4.1-4.6, 4.8-4.12, 5.7, 6.1, 7.2, 11.1-11.2, 12.1, 12.3, 20.3-20.4, 21.6-21.8, 38.2, 41.1, 42.1-42.4, 44.3-44.4, 47.6, 51.5, 55.1, 55.3, 59.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.2. τίς γὰρ παρεπιδημήσας πρὸς ὑμᾶς τὴν πανάρετον καὶ βεβαίαν ὑμῶν πίστιν οὐκ ἐδοκίμασεν; τήν τε σώφρονα καὶ ἐπιεικῆ ἐν Χριστῷ εὐσέβειαν οὐκ ἐθαύμασεν; καὶ τὸ μεγαλοπρεπὲς τῆς φιλοξενίας ὑμῶν ἦθος οὐκ ἐκήρυξεν; καὶ τὴν τελείαν καὶ ἀσφαλῆ γνῶσιν οὐκ ἐμακάρισεν; 3.3. οὕτως ἐπηγέρθησαν Is. 3, 5 οἱ ἄτιμοι ἐπὶ τοὺς ἐντίμους, οἱ ἄδοξοι ἐπὶ τοὺς ἐνδόξους, οἱ ἄφρονες ἐπὶ τοὺς φρονίμους, οἱ νέοι Is 59, 14 ἐπὶ τοὺς πρεσβυτέρους. 4.1. Γέγραπται γὰρ οὕτως: Καὶ ἐγένετο μεθ̓ ἡμέρας, ἤνεγκεν Κάϊν ἀπὸ τῶν καρπῶν τῆς γῆς θυσίαν τῷ θεῷ, καὶ Ἄβελ ἤνεγκεν καὶ αὐτὸς ἀπὸ τῶν πρωτοτόκων τῶν προβάτων καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν στεάτων αὐτῶν. 4.2. καὶ ἐπεῖδεν ὁ θεὸς ἐπὶ Ἄβελ καὶ ἐπὶ τοῖς δώροις αὐτοῦ, ἐπὶ δὲ Κάϊν καὶ ἐπὶ ταῖς θυσίαις αὐτοῦ οὐ προσέσχεν. 4.3. καὶ ἐλυπήθη Κάϊν λίαν καὶ συνέπεσεν τῷ προσώπῳ αὐτοῦ. 4.4. καὶ εἶπεν ὁ θεὸς πρὸς Κάϊν: Ἱνατί περίλυπος ἐγένου, καὶ ἱνατί συνέπεσεν τὸ πρόσωπόν σου; οὐκ ἐὰν ὀρθῶς προσενέγκῃς, ὀρθῶς δὲ μὴ διέλῃς, ἥμαρτες; 4.5. ἡσύχασον: πρὸς σὲ ή ἀποστροφὴ αὐτοῦ, καὶ σὺ ἄρξεις αὐτοῦ. 4.6. καὶ εἶπεν Κάϊν πρὸς Ἄβελ τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ: Διέλθωμεν εἰς τὸ πεδίον. καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ εἶναι αὐτοὺς ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ, ἀνέστη Κάϊν ἐπὶ Ἄβελ τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀπέκτεινεν αὐτόν. 4.8. διὰ ζῆλος ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν Ἰακὼβ ἀπέδρα ἀπὸ Gen. 37 προσώπου Ἠσαῦ τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ αὐτοῦ. 4.9. ζῆλος ἐποίησεν Ἰωσὴφ μέχρι θανάτου διωχθῆναι καὶ μέχρι δουλείας εἰσελθεῖν. 4.10. ζῆλος φυγεῖν ἠνάγκασεν Μωϋσῆν ἀπὸ προσώπου Φαραὼ βασιλέως Αἰγύπτου ἐν τῷ ἀκοῦσαι αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τοῦ ὁμοφύλου: Exod. 2, 14 Τίς σε κατέστησεν κριτὴν ἢ δικαστὴν ἐφ̓ ἡμῶν; μὴ ἀνελεῖν με σὺ θέλεις, ὃν τρόπον ἀνεῖλες ἐχθὲς Num. 12 τὸν Λἰγύπτιον; 4.11. διὰ ζῆλος ʼΛαρὼν καὶ Μαριὰμ ἔξω τῆς παρεμβολῆς ηὐλίσθησαν. 4.12. Num. 16 ζῆλος Δαθὰν καὶ Ἀβειρὼν ζῶντας κατήγαγεν εἰς ᾅδου διὰ τὸ στασιάσαι αὐτοὺς πρὸς τὸν θεράποντα I Sam. 18 ff τοῦ θεοῦ Μωϋσῆν. 5.7. δικαιοσύνην διδάξας ὅλον τὸν κόσμον, καὶ ἐπὶ τὸ τέρμα τῆς δύσεως ἐλθὼν καὶ μαρτυρήσας ἐπὶ τῶν ἡγουμένων, οὕτως ἀπηλλάγη τοῦ κόσμου καὶ εἰς τὸν ἅγιον τόπον ἀνελήμφθη, So SLK, e)poreu/qh AC probably from v. 4. ὑπομονῆς γενόμενος μέγιστος ὑπογραμμός. 6.1. Τούτοις τοῖς ἀνδράσιν ὁσίως πολιτευσαμένοις συνηθροίσθη πολὺ πλῆθος ἐκλεκτῶν, οἵτινες πολλαῖς αἰκίαις καὶ βασάνοις LK perhaps imply polla\s ai)ki/as kai\ basa/noui. διὰ ζῆλος παθόντες ὑπόδειγμα κάλλιστον ἐγένοντο ἐν ἡμῖν. 7.2. διὸ ἀπολίπωμεν τὰς κενὰς καὶ ματαίας φροντίδας, καὶ ἔλθωμεν ἐπὶ τὸν εὐκλεῆ καὶ σεμνὸν τῆς παραδόσεως ἡμῶν κανόνα 11.1. Διὰ φιλοξενίαν καὶ εὐσέβειαν Λὼτ ἐσώθη ἐκ Σοδόμων, τῆς περιχώρου πάσης κριθείσης διὰ πυρὸς καὶ θείου, πρόδηλον ποιήσας ὁ δεσπότης, ὅτι τοὺς ἐλπίζοντας ἐπ̓ αὐτὸν οὐκ ἐγκαταλείπει, τοὺς δὲ ἑτεροκλινεῖς ὑπάρχοντας εἰς κόλασιν καὶ αἰκισμὸν τίθησιν. 11.2. συνεξελθούσης γὰρ αὐτῷ τῆς γυναικὸς ἑτερογνώμονος ὑπαρχούσης καὶ οὐκ ἐν ὁμονοίᾳ, εἰς τοῦτο σημεῖον ἐτέθη, ὥστε γενέσθαι αὐτὴν στήλην ἁλὸς ἕως τῆς ἡμέρας ταύτης, εἰς τὸ γνωστὸν εἶναι πᾶσιν, ὅτι οἱ δίψυχοι καὶ οἱ διστάζοντες περὶ τῆς τοῦ θεοῦ δυνάμεως εἰς κρίμα καὶ εἰς σημείωσιν πάσαις ταῖς γενεαῖς γίνονται. 12.1. Διὰ πίστιν καὶ φιλοξενίαν ἐσώθη Ῥαὰβ ἡ πόρνη. h( e)pilegome/nh po/rnh CLSK perhaps from Hebr. 11, 31. The text is found in A Clement. 12.3. ἡ οὖν φιλόξενος Ῥαὰβ εἰσδεξαμένη αὐτοὺς ἔκρυψεν εἰς τὸ ὑπερῷον ὑπὸ τὴν Josh. 2, 3 λινοκαλάμην. 20.3. ἥλιός τε καὶ σελήνη, ἀστέρων τε χοροὶ κατὰ τὴν διαταγὴν αὐτοῦ ἐν ὁμονοίᾳ δίχα πάσης παρεκβάσεως ἐξελίσσουσιν τοὺς ἐπιτεταγμένους αὐτοῖς ὁρισμούς. 20.4. γῆ κυοφοροῦσα κατὰ τὸ θέλημα αὐτοῦ τοῖς ἰδίοις καιροῖς τὴν πανπληθῆ ἀνθρώποις τε καὶ θηρσὶν καὶ πᾶσιν τοῖς οὖσιν ἐπ̓ αὐτῆς ζώοις ἀνατέλλει τροφήν, μὴ διχοστατοῦσα μηδὲ ἀλλοιοῦσά τι τῶν δεδογματισμένων ὑπ̓ αὐτοῦ. 21.6. τὸν κύριον Ἰησοῦν Χριστόν, οὗ τὸ αἷμα ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν ἐδόθη, ἐντραπῶμεν, τοὺς προηγουμένους ἡμῶν αἰδεσθῶμεν, τοὺς πρεσβυτέρους τιμήσωμεν, τοὺς νέους παιδεύσωμεν τὴν παιδείαν τοῦ φόβου τοῦ θεοῦ, τὰς γυναῖκας ἡμῶν ἐπὶ τὸ ἀγαθὸν διορθωσώμεθα. 21.7. τὸ ἀξιαγάπητον τῆς ἁγνείας ἦθος ἐνδειξάσθωσαν, τὸ ἀκέραιον τῆς πραΰτητος αὐτῶν βούλημα ἀποδειξάτωσαν, τὸ ἐπιεικὲς τῆς γλώσσης αὐτῶν διὰ τῆς σιγῆς φανερὸν ποιησάτωσαν, τὴν ἀγάπην αὐτῶν μὴ κατὰ προσκλίσεις, ἀλλὰ πᾶσιν τοῖς φοβουμένοις τὸν θεὸν ὁσίως ἴσην παρεχέτωσαν. 21.8. τὰ τέκνα ἡμῶν τῆς ἐν Χριστῷ παιδείας μεταλαμβανέτωσαν: μαθέτωσαν, τί ταπεινοφροσύνη παρὰ θεῷ ἰσχύει, τί ἀγάπη ἁγνὴ παρὰ θεῷ δύναται, πῶς ὁ φόβος αὐτοῦ καλὸς καὶ μέγας καὶ σώζων πάντας τοὺς ἐν αὐτῷ ὁσίως ἀναστρεφομένους ἐν καθαρᾷ διανοίᾳ. 38.2. ὁ ἰσχυρὸς τημελείτω A has mh thtmmeleitw. This is perhaps a corruption of mh\ a)thmelei/tw "not neglect," shich may be the true reading. τὸν ἀσθενῆ, ὁ δὲ ἀσθενὴς ἐντρεπέσθω τὸν ἰσχυρόν: ὁ πλούσιος ἐπιχορηγείτω τῷ πτωχῷ, ὁ δὲ πτωχὸς εὐχαριστείτω τῷ θεῷ, ὅτι ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ, δἰ οὗ ἀναπληρωθῇ αὐτοῦ τὸ ὑστέρημα: ὁ σοφὸς ἐνδεικνύσθω τὴν σοφίαν αὐτοῦ μὴ ἐν λόγοις, ἀλλ̓ ἐν ἔργοις ἀγαθοῖς: ὁ ταπεινοφρονῶν μὴ ἑαυτῷ μαρτυρείτω, ἀλλ̓ ἐάτω ὑφ̓ ἑτέρου ἑαυτὸν μαρτυρεῖσθαι: ὁ ἁγνὸς ἐν τῇ σαρκὶ A reads (??) mh/ preceded by a lacuna (the vellum has been asay). It is suggested that h)/tw should be supplied, giving the meaning "Let him sho is pure in the flesh, be so, and not," etc. μὴ ἀλαζονευέσθω, γινώσκων ὅτι ἕτερός ἐστιν ὁ ἐπιχορηγῶν αὐτῷ τὴν ἐγκράτειαν. 41.1. Ἕκαστος ἡμῶν, ἀδελφοί, ἐν τῷ ἰδίῳ τάγματι εὐαριστείτω A reads eu)xaristei/tw, "join in the Eucharist," or less probably, "give thanks." τῷ θεῷ ἐν ἀγαθῇ συνειδήσει ὑπάρχων, μὴ παρεκβαίνων τὸν ὡρισμένον τῆς λειτουργίας αὐτοῦ κανόνα, ἐν σεμνότητι. 42.1. Οἱ ἀπόστολοι ἡμῖν εὐηγγελίσθησαν ἀπὸ τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, Ἰησοῦς ὁ Χριστὸς ἀπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξεπέμφθη. 42.2. ὁ Χριστος οὖν ἀπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ οἱ ἀπόστολοι ἀπὸ τοῦ Χριστοῦ: ἐγένοντο οὖν ἀμφότερα εὐτάκτως ἐκ θελήματος θεοῦ. 42.3. παραγγελίας οὖν λαβόντες καὶ πληροφορηθέντες διὰ τῆς ἀναστάσεως τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ πιστωθέντες ἐν τῷ λόγῳ τοῦ θεοῦ, μετὰ πληροφορίας πνεύματος ἁγίου ἐξῆλθον εὐαγγελιζόμενοι, τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ μέλλειν ἔρχεσθαι 42.4. κατὰ χώρας οὖν καὶ πόλεις κηρύσσοντες 1 L adds eos #3ui obaudicbant voluntati Dei baptizantes. "baptising those sho sere obedient to the sill of God." καθίστανον τὰς ἀπαρχὰς αὐτῶν, δοκιμάσαντες τῷ πνεύματι, εἰς ἐπισκόπους καὶ διακόνους τῶν μελλόντων πιστεύειν. 44.3. τοὺς οὖν κατασταθέντας ὑπ̓ ἐκείνων ἢ μεταξὺ ὑφ̓ ἑτέρων ἐλλογίμων ἀνδρῶν συνενδοκησάσης τῆς ἐκκλησίας πάσης, καὶ λειτουργήσαντας ἀμέμπτως τῷ ποιμνίῳ τοῦ Χριστοῦ μετὰ ταπεινοφροσύνης, ἡσύχως καὶ ἀβαναύσως, μεμαρτυρημένους τε πολλοῖς χρόνοις ὑπὸ πάντων, τούτους οὐ δικαίως νομίζομεν ἀποβάλλεσθαι τῆς λειτουργίας. 44.4. ἁμαρτία γὰρ οὐ μικρὰ ἡμῖν ἔσται, ἐὰν τοὺς ἀμέμπτως καὶ ὁσίως προσενεγκόντας τὰ δῶρα τῆς ἐπισκοπῆς ἀποβάλωμεν. 47.6. αἰσχρά, ἀγαπητοί, καὶ λίαν αἰσχρά, καὶ ἀνάξια τῆς ἐν Χριστῷ ἀγωγῆς ἀκούεσθαι, τὴν βεβαιοτάτην καὶ ἀρχαίαν Κορινθίων ἐκκλησίαν δἰ ἓν ἢ δύο πρόσωπα στασιάζειν πρὸς τοὺς πρεσβυτέρους: 51.5. Φαραὼ καὶ ἡ στρατιὰ αὐτοῦ καὶ πάντες οἱ ἡγούμενοι Exod. 14, 23 Αἰγύπτου, τά τε ἅρματα καὶ οἱ ἀνάβαται αὐτῶν οὐ δἰ ἄλλην τινὰ αἰτίαν ἐβυθίσθησαν εἰς θάλασσαν ἐρυθρὰν καὶ ἀπώλοντο, ἀλλὰ διὰ τὸ σκληρυνθῆναι αὐτῶν τὰς ἀσυνέτους καρδίας μετὰ τὸ γενέσθαι τὰ σημεῖα καὶ τὰ τέρατα ἐν γῇ Αἰγύπτου διὰ τοῦ θεράποντος τοῦ θεοῦ Μωῦσέως. 55.1. Ἵνα δὲ καὶ ὑποδείγματα ἐθνῶν ἐνέγκωμεν. πολλοὶ βασιλεῖς καὶ ἡγούμενοι, λοιμικοῦ τινος ἐνστάντος καιροῦ, χρησμοδοτηθέντες παρέδωκαν ἑαυτοὺς εἰς θάνατον, ἵνα ῥύσωνται διὰ τοῦ ἑαυτῶν αἵματος τοὺς πολίτας: πολλοὶ ἐξεχώρησαν ἰδίων πόλεων, ἵνα μὴ στασιάζωσιν ἐπὶ πλεῖον. 55.3. πολλαὶ γυναῖκες ἐνδυναμωθεῖσαι διὰ τῆς χάριτος τοῦ Judith 8 ff θεοῦ ἐπετελέσαντο πολλὰ ἀνδρεῖα. 59.4. ἀξιοῦμέν σε, δέσποτα, βοηθὸν γενέσθαι καὶ ἀντιλήπτορα ἡμῶν. τοὺς ἐν θλίψει ἡμῶν σῶσον, τοὺς ταπεινοὺς ἐλέησον, τοὺς πεπτωκότας ἔγειρον, τοῖς δεομένοις ἐπιφάνηθι, τοὺς ἀσθενεῖς ἴασαι, τοὺς πλανωμένους τοῦ λαοῦ σου ἐπίστρεψον: χόρτασον τοὺς πεινῶντας, λύτρωσαι τοὺς δεσμίους ἡμῶν, ἐξανάστησον τοὺς ἀσθενοῦντας, παρακάλεσον τοὺς ὀλιγοψυχοῦντας: I Kings 3, 60; II Kings 19, 19; Ezek. 86, 23 Ps. 78, 13; 94, 7; 99, 8 γνώτωσάν σε ἅπαντα τὰ ἔθνη. ὅτι σὺ εἶ ὁ θεὸς μόνος καὶ Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς ὁ παῖς σου καὶ ἡμεῖς λαός σου καὶ πρόβατα τῆς νομῆς σου.
8. Dio Chrysostom, Orations, 4.91 (1st cent. CE

4.91.  "Well, then, the avaricious spirit craves gold, silver, lands, cattle, blocks of houses, and every kind of possession. Would it not be represented by a good artist as downcast and gloomy of appearance, humble and mean of dress — aye, as squalid and ragged, loving neither children nor parents nor native land, and recognizing no kinship but that of money, and considering the gods as nothing more than that which reveals to him many vast treasures or the deaths of certain kinsfolk and connections from whom he might inherit, regarding our holy festivals as sheer loss and useless expense, never laughing or smiling
9. New Testament, 1 Peter, 3.1, 3.5-3.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.1. In like manner, wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; so that, even if any don't obey the Word, they may be won by the behavior of their wives without a word; 3.5. For this is how the holy women before, who hoped in God, also adorned themselves, being in subjection to their own husbands: 3.6. as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, whose children you now are, if you do well, and are not put in fear by any terror.
10. New Testament, 1 Timothy, 2.7-2.9, 3.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.7. to which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle (I am telling the truth in Christ, not lying), a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth. 2.8. I desire therefore that the men in every place pray, lifting up holy hands without wrath and doubting. 2.9. In the same way, that women also adorn themselves in decent clothing, with modesty and propriety; not just with braided hair, gold, pearls, or expensive clothing; 3.11. Their wives in the same way must be reverent, not slanderers, temperate, faithful in all things.
11. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 10.13-10.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12. New Testament, Apocalypse, 14.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14.4. These are those who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are those who follow the Lamb wherever he goes. These were redeemed by Jesus from among men, the first fruits to God and to the Lamb.
13. New Testament, Colossians, 3.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.21. Fathers, don't provoke your children, so that they won't be discouraged.
14. New Testament, Ephesians, 5.22-6.9, 5.23, 5.24, 5.25, 5.26, 5.27, 5.28, 5.29, 5.30, 5.31, 5.32, 6.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15. New Testament, Galatians, 6.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.16. As many as walk by this rule, peace and mercy be on them, and onGod's Israel.
16. New Testament, Hebrews, 5.10, 5.11, 5.11-6.20, 5.12, 6.12, 6.13, 6.14, 6.15, 6.16, 6.17, 6.18, 6.19, 6.20, 7.1, 11, 12.5, 12.7, 12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11, 13.17, 13.24 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

17. New Testament, Romans, 12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

18. Gellius, Attic Nights, 9.5.8 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

19. Hermas, Mandates, 5.2.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

20. Hermas, Similitudes, 9.26.2, 9.27.1-9.27.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

21. Hermas, Visions, 2.2.6, 2.4.1-2.4.3, 2.6, 3.5.1, 3.9.2-3.9.5, 3.9.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

22. Justin, First Apology, 64 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

64. From what has been already said, you can understand how the devils, in imitation of what was said by Moses, asserted that Proserpine was the daughter of Jupiter, and instigated the people to set up an image of her under the name of Kore [Cora, i.e., the maiden or daughter] at the spring-heads. For, as we wrote above, Moses said, In the beginning God made the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form and unfurnished: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. In imitation, therefore, of what is here said of the Spirit of God moving on the waters, they said that Proserpine [or Cora] was the daughter of Jupiter. And in like manner also they craftily feigned that Minerva was the daughter of Jupiter, not by sexual union, but, knowing that God conceived and made the world by the Word, they say that Minerva is the first conception [ἔννοια]; which we consider to be very absurd, bringing forward the form of the conception in a female shape. And in like manner the actions of those others who are called sons of Jupiter sufficiently condemn them.
23. Justin, Dialogue With Trypho, 23 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

23. Justin: But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinions, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances; or that God has not wished each race of mankind continually to perform the same righteous actions: to admit which, seems to be ridiculous and absurd. Therefore we must confess that He, who is ever the same, has commanded these and such like institutions on account of sinful men, and we must declare Him to be benevolent, foreknowing, needing nothing, righteous and good. But if this be not so, tell me, sir, what you think of those matters which we are investigating. And when no one responded: Wherefore, Trypho, I will proclaim to you, and to those who wish to become proselytes, the divine message which I heard from that man. Do you see that the elements are not idle, and keep no Sabbaths? Remain as you were born. For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. For when Abraham himself was in uncircumcision, he was justified and blessed by reason of the faith which he reposed in God, as the Scripture tells. Moreover, the Scriptures and the facts themselves compel us to admit that He received circumcision for a sign, and not for righteousness. So that it was justly recorded concerning the people, that the soul which shall not be circumcised on the eighth day shall be cut off from his family. And, furthermore, the inability of the female sex to receive fleshly circumcision, proves that this circumcision has been given for a sign, and not for a work of righteousness. For God has given likewise to women the ability to observe all things which are righteous and virtuous; but we see that the bodily form of the male has been made different from the bodily form of the female; yet we know that neither of them is righteous or unrighteous merely for this cause, but [is considered righteous] by reason of piety and righteousness.
24. Tatian, Oration To The Greeks, 32 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

25. Tertullian, Prescription Against Heretics, 41 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

26. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 5.16 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

27. Pseudo-Phocylides, The Sentences of Pseudo-Phocylides, 210-212, 186



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
administration Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
age, adulthood, adult Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
age, childhood, child Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
age, youth Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
ancyra Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 399
apollos Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235
apostle Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 72
apostolic fathers, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 523
athanasius of alexandria, canon of new testament and Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
athanasius of alexandria, de decretis nicaenae synodis (decrees on the synod of nicaea) Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
authority Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
bishop Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 72
body, blood Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
business, commerce Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
canon of new testament Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
care of the poor Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 399
charito Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
christian confession, hiding of Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
christians, numbers of Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
clement of alexandria, canon of new testament and Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
clement of alexandria, platonism and stoicism in, image and likeness of god, being made in Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 136
clement of alexandria, platonism and stoicism in, love commandment and Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 136
clement of alexandria, platonism and stoicism in, on contemplation and action Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 136
clement of alexandria, platonism and stoicism in, social relations and Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 136
clement of alexandria, platonism and stoicism in Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 136
community, borders of Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
community Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 399
concept of canon in christianity Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
conscience Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
corinth Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235; Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148; Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
corruption (phthora) Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
councils, laodicea (363) Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
dahl, influence, haustafeln Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
de decretis nicaenae synodis (decrees on the synod of nicaea, athanasius of alexandria) Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
deacon Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 399
decrees on the synod of nicaea (de decretis nicaenae synodis, athanasius) Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
demographics, population growth Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
duty Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
educated, erudite Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
education Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
elder Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 72
encrateia (self-control) Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
exorcist Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
fear Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
first clement, and the genesis creation account Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 197
first clement, and the old testament Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 197
flesh Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
gender Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
gnostics Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
grapte Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
hebrews Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235
heretics {see also gnostics; marcionites) Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
hierarchies, social Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
hierocles Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
honor Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
house community Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 399
household codes Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
humiliores Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147, 148
inscriptions Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
instruction, moral Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
irenaeus of lyons, canon of new testament and Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
jesus, as high priest Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235
jews, jewish communities Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235
justin Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
leaders (ἡγούμενοι) Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235
leadership, leaders Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
legal situation, uncertainty of Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
love commandment, clement of alexandria on Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 136
marcion Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 399
marriage Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
melchizedek Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235
mixed marriages Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
muratorian fragment Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
orphans Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
papyrusi Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
pauline epistles, canon, concept of Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
persecution, martyrs Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
philosopher Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
presbyter Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 72
presybyter Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
prophet Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 72
punishment Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
reverence Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
senator, senatorial Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147, 148
sexual relations abstinence from Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
sexual relations in second- and third-century christian sources Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
shepherd of hermas Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
slavery (servant) Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 205
socially elevated Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 148
sophrosune (moderation) Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
stobaeus Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
stoicism, hierocles Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
stoicism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 718
synagogue Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147
teacher, διδάσκαλος Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 235
tertullian, on canon of new testament Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 390
virgins in christianity' Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 173
widows Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147, 399
women Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147, 148
wordplay Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 399
worship Lampe, Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries: From Paul to Valentinus (2003) 147