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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2376
Cicero, Pro Sestio, 135
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

9 results
1. Cicero, De Domo Sua, 12 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

12. qua vociferatione in ceteris iudiciis accusatores uti consuerunt, ea nos hoc tempore utimur qui causam dicimus. petimus abs te, M. M arce Fanni, a vobisque, iudices, ut quam acerrime maleficia vindicetis, ut quam fortissime hominibus audacissimis resistatis, ut hoc cogitetis, nisi in hac causa qui vester animus sit ostendetis ostendetis ostenderitis Ernesti : ostendatis Matthiae , eo prorumpere hominum cupiditatem et scelus et audaciam ut non modo clam verum etiam hic in foro ante tribunal tuum, M. M arci Fanni, ante pedes vestros, iudices, inter ipsa subsellia caedes futurae sint.
2. Cicero, On Invention, 1.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.7. Materiam artis eam dicimus, in qua omnis ars et ea facultas, quae conficitur ex arte, versatur. ut si medi- cinae materiam dicamus morbos ac vulnera, quod in his omnis medicina versetur, item, quibus in rebus ver- satur ars et facultas oratoria, eas res materiam artis rhetoricae nominamus. has autem res alii plures, alii pauciores existimarunt. nam Gorgias Leontinus, anti- quissimus fere rhetor, omnibus de rebus oratorem op- time posse dicere existimavit; hic infinitam et inmensam huic artificio materiam subicere videtur. Aristoteles autem, qui huic arti plurima adiumenta atque orna- menta subministravit, tribus in generibus rerum ver- sari rhetoris officium putavit, demonstrativo, delibera- tivo, iudiciali. demonstrativum est, quod tribuitur in alicuius certae personae laudem aut vituperationem; deliberativum, quod positum in disceptatione civili ha- bet in se sententiae dictionem; iudiciale, quod positum in iudicio habet in se accusationem et defensionem aut petitionem et recusationem. et, quemadmodum nostra quidem fert opinio, oratoris ars et facultas in hac ma-
3. Cicero, De Oratore, 2.194, 2.244-2.246 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.194. Fieri nullo modo potuit. Saepe enim audivi poetam bonum neminem—id quod a Democrito et Platone in scriptis relictum esse dicunt—sine inflammatione animorum exsistere posse et sine quodam adflatu quasi furoris. Qua re nolite existimare me ipsum, qui non heroum veteres casus fictosque luctus velim imitari atque adumbrare dicendo neque actor sim alienae personae, sed auctor meae, cum mihi M'. Aquilius in civitate retinendus esset, quae in illa causa peroranda fecerim, sine magno dolore fecisse: 2.244. In dicto autem ridiculum est id, quod verbi aut sententiae quodam acumine movetur; sed ut in illo superiore genere vel narrationis vel imitationis vitanda est mimorum et ethologorum similitudo, sic in hoc scurrilis oratori dicacitas magno opere fugienda est. Qui igitur distinguemus a Crasso, a Catulo, a ceteris familiarem vestrum Granium aut Vargulam amicum meum? Non me hercule in mentem mihi quidem venit: sunt enim dicaces; Granio quidem nemo dicacior. Hoc, opinor, primum, ne, quotienscumque potuerit dictum dici, necesse habeamus dicere. 2.245. Pusillus testis processit. "Licet" inquit "rogare?" Philippus. Tum quaesitor properans "modo breviter." Hic ille "non accusabis: perpusillum rogabo." Ridicule. Sed sedebat iudex L. Aurifex brevior ipse quam testis etiam: omnis est risus in iudicem conversus; visum est totum scurrile ridiculum. Ergo haec, quae cadere possunt in quos nolis, quamvis sint bella, sunt tamen ipso genere scurrilia; 2.246. ut iste, qui se vult dicacem et me hercule est, Appius, sed non numquam in hoc vitium scurrile delabitur. "Cenabo" inquit "apud te," huic lusco familiari meo, C. Sextio; "uni enim locum esse video." Est hoc scurrile, et quod sine causa lacessivit et tamen id dixit, quod in omnis luscos conveniret; ea, quia meditata putantur esse, minus ridentur: illud egregium Sexti et ex tempore "manus lava
4. Cicero, In Catilinam, 1.2, 1.22, 1.31, 1.33, 4.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5. Cicero, In Vatinium, 33, 3 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Cicero, Pro Sestio, 101, 106, 109-111, 114, 116-117, 12, 120-124, 126, 130-132, 137, 139, 146, 15, 17, 33, 37, 39, 45, 50, 72, 78, 83, 96-100 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Cicero, Pro Sulla, 76 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

76. nolite, iudices, arbitrari hominum illum impetum et conatum fuisse—neque enim ulla gens tam barbara aut tam immanis umquam fuit in qua non modo tot, sed unus tam crudelis hostis patriae sit inventus—, beluae quaedam illae ex portentis immanes ac ferae forma formas π hominum indutae exstiterunt. perspicite etiam atque etiam, iudices,—nihil enim est quod in hac causa dici possit possit π b χς : posset cett. vehementius— penitus introspicite Catilinae, Autroni, Cethegi, Lentuli ceterorumque mentis; quas vos in his libidines, quae flagitia, quas turpitudines, quantas audacias, quam incredibilis furores, quas notas facinorum, quae indicia parricidiorum, quantos acervos scelerum facinorum ... scelerum T : scelerum ... facinorum cett. reperietis! ex magnis et diuturnis et iam desperatis rei publicae morbis ista repente vis erupit, ut ea confecta et eiecta convalescere aliquando et sanari civitas posset posset k, Ernesti : possit cett. ; neque enim est quisquam qui arbitretur illis inclusis in re publica pestibus diutius haec haec hoc imperium c2 stare potuisse. itaque eos non ad perficiendum scelus, sed ad luendas rei publicae poenas Furiae quaedam incitaverunt.
8. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 1.20 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.20. To Cornelius Tacitus. I am constantly having arguments with a friend of mine who is a learned and practised speaker, but who admires in pleading nothing so much as brevity. I allow that brevity ought to be observed, if the case permits of it; but sometimes it is an act of collusion to pass over matters that ought to be mentioned, and it is even an act of collusion to run briefly and rapidly over points which ought to be dwelt upon, to be thoroughly driven home, and to be taken up and dealt with more than once. For very often an argument acquires strength and weight by being handled at some length, and a speech ought to be impressed on the mind, not by a short, sharp shock, but by measured blows, just as a sword should be used in dealing with the body of an opponent. Thereupon he plies me with authorities, and flourishes before me the speeches of Lysias among the Greeks, and those of the Gracchi and Cato from among Roman orators. The majority of these are certainly characterised by conciseness and brevity, but I quote against Lysias the examples of Demosthenes, Aeschines, Hyperides, and a multitude of others, while against the Gracchi and Cato I set Pollio, Caesar, Caelius, and, above all, Marcus Tullius, whose longest speech is generally considered to be his best. * And upon my word, as with all other good things, the more there is of a good book, the better it is. You know how it is with statues, images, pictures, and the outlines of many animals and even trees, that if they are at all graceful nothing gives them a greater charm than size. It is just the same with speeches, - even the mere volumes themselves acquire a certain additional dignity and beauty from mere bulk. These are but a few of the many arguments I usually employ to establish my point; but there is no pinning my friend down in an argument. He is such a slippery fellow that he wriggles off the pin and declares that these same orators, whose speeches I instance, spoke at less length than their published addresses seem to show. I hold the contrary to be the case, and there are many speeches of many orators in favour of my opinion, as, for example, the 'Pro Murena' and the 'Pro Vareno' of Cicero, in which he indicates by headings alone, and quite barely and briefly, how he dealt with certain charges against his clients. From these it is clear that he actually spoke at much greater length and left out a considerable number of passages when he published the addresses. Cicero indeed says that in his defence of Cluentius "he had simply followed the ancient custom and compressed his whole case into a peroration," and that in defending Caius Cornelius "he had pleaded for four days." ** Hence it cannot be questioned that after speaking somewhat discursively for several days, as he was bound to do, he subsequently trimmed and revised his oration and compressed it into a single book - a long one, it is true, but yet a single book. But, argues my friend, a good indictment is a different thing from a good speech. I know some people hold that view, but I - of course I may be wrong - feel persuaded that though it is possible to have a good indictment without a good speech, it is not possible for a good speech not to be a good indictment. For a speech is the exemplar of an indictment - one might even call it its archetype. Hence in every first-class oration we find a thousand extempore figures of speech, even in those which we know to have been carefully edited. For example, in the Speech against Verres Regulus once said to me when we were in Court together Nor do I forget that in his eulogy of that consummate orator, Pericles, the comedy-writer Eupolis used the following language But, you say, the mean is the best. Quite so, but the mean is as much neglected by those who fail to do justice to their subject as by those who overdo it, by those who restrain themselves as by those who give themselves their heads. And so you often hear the criticism that a speech was "frigid and weak," just as you hear that another was "overloaded and a mass of repetition." The one speaker is said to have over-elaborated his subject, the other not to have risen to the occasion. Both are at fault; one through weakness, the other through too much strength, and the latter, though he may not show the more refined intellect, certainly shows the more robust mind. When I say this it must not be supposed that I am approving Homer's Thersites - the man who was a torrent of words - but rather his Ulysses, whose "words were like snow-flakes in winter," though at the same time I admire his Menelaus, who spoke "Few words, but well to the point." Yet, if I had to choose, I should prefer the speech that is like the winter snow- storm - viz. fluent, flowing, and of generous width; and not only that, but divine and celestial. It may, I know, be said that many people prefer a short pleading. No doubt, but they are lazy creatures, and it is ridiculous to consult the tastes of such sloths as though they were critics. For if you take their opinion as worth anything, you will find that they not only prefer a short pleading, but no pleading at all. Well, I have told you what I think. I shall change my opinion if you do not agree with me, but in that case I beg of you to give me clear reasons for your disagreement; for although I feel bound to bow to a man of your judgment, yet in a point of such importance, I consider that I ought to give way rather to a reasoned statement than to an ipse dixit. But even if you think I am right, still write and tell me so, and make the letter as short as you like - for you will thus confirm my judgment. If I am wrong, see that you write me a very long letter. I feel sure I have not estimated you wrongly in thus asking you for a short note if you agree with me, while laying on you the obligation of writing at length if you disagree. Farewell.
9. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 1.20 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.20. To Cornelius Tacitus. I am constantly having arguments with a friend of mine who is a learned and practised speaker, but who admires in pleading nothing so much as brevity. I allow that brevity ought to be observed, if the case permits of it; but sometimes it is an act of collusion to pass over matters that ought to be mentioned, and it is even an act of collusion to run briefly and rapidly over points which ought to be dwelt upon, to be thoroughly driven home, and to be taken up and dealt with more than once. For very often an argument acquires strength and weight by being handled at some length, and a speech ought to be impressed on the mind, not by a short, sharp shock, but by measured blows, just as a sword should be used in dealing with the body of an opponent. Thereupon he plies me with authorities, and flourishes before me the speeches of Lysias among the Greeks, and those of the Gracchi and Cato from among Roman orators. The majority of these are certainly characterised by conciseness and brevity, but I quote against Lysias the examples of Demosthenes, Aeschines, Hyperides, and a multitude of others, while against the Gracchi and Cato I set Pollio, Caesar, Caelius, and, above all, Marcus Tullius, whose longest speech is generally considered to be his best. * And upon my word, as with all other good things, the more there is of a good book, the better it is. You know how it is with statues, images, pictures, and the outlines of many animals and even trees, that if they are at all graceful nothing gives them a greater charm than size. It is just the same with speeches, - even the mere volumes themselves acquire a certain additional dignity and beauty from mere bulk. These are but a few of the many arguments I usually employ to establish my point; but there is no pinning my friend down in an argument. He is such a slippery fellow that he wriggles off the pin and declares that these same orators, whose speeches I instance, spoke at less length than their published addresses seem to show. I hold the contrary to be the case, and there are many speeches of many orators in favour of my opinion, as, for example, the 'Pro Murena' and the 'Pro Vareno' of Cicero, in which he indicates by headings alone, and quite barely and briefly, how he dealt with certain charges against his clients. From these it is clear that he actually spoke at much greater length and left out a considerable number of passages when he published the addresses. Cicero indeed says that in his defence of Cluentius "he had simply followed the ancient custom and compressed his whole case into a peroration," and that in defending Caius Cornelius "he had pleaded for four days." ** Hence it cannot be questioned that after speaking somewhat discursively for several days, as he was bound to do, he subsequently trimmed and revised his oration and compressed it into a single book - a long one, it is true, but yet a single book. But, argues my friend, a good indictment is a different thing from a good speech. I know some people hold that view, but I - of course I may be wrong - feel persuaded that though it is possible to have a good indictment without a good speech, it is not possible for a good speech not to be a good indictment. For a speech is the exemplar of an indictment - one might even call it its archetype. Hence in every first-class oration we find a thousand extempore figures of speech, even in those which we know to have been carefully edited. For example, in the Speech against Verres Regulus once said to me when we were in Court together Nor do I forget that in his eulogy of that consummate orator, Pericles, the comedy-writer Eupolis used the following language But, you say, the mean is the best. Quite so, but the mean is as much neglected by those who fail to do justice to their subject as by those who overdo it, by those who restrain themselves as by those who give themselves their heads. And so you often hear the criticism that a speech was "frigid and weak," just as you hear that another was "overloaded and a mass of repetition." The one speaker is said to have over-elaborated his subject, the other not to have risen to the occasion. Both are at fault; one through weakness, the other through too much strength, and the latter, though he may not show the more refined intellect, certainly shows the more robust mind. When I say this it must not be supposed that I am approving Homer's Thersites - the man who was a torrent of words - but rather his Ulysses, whose "words were like snow-flakes in winter," though at the same time I admire his Menelaus, who spoke "Few words, but well to the point." Yet, if I had to choose, I should prefer the speech that is like the winter snow- storm - viz. fluent, flowing, and of generous width; and not only that, but divine and celestial. It may, I know, be said that many people prefer a short pleading. No doubt, but they are lazy creatures, and it is ridiculous to consult the tastes of such sloths as though they were critics. For if you take their opinion as worth anything, you will find that they not only prefer a short pleading, but no pleading at all. Well, I have told you what I think. I shall change my opinion if you do not agree with me, but in that case I beg of you to give me clear reasons for your disagreement; for although I feel bound to bow to a man of your judgment, yet in a point of such importance, I consider that I ought to give way rather to a reasoned statement than to an ipse dixit. But even if you think I am right, still write and tell me so, and make the letter as short as you like - for you will thus confirm my judgment. If I am wrong, see that you write me a very long letter. I feel sure I have not estimated you wrongly in thus asking you for a short note if you agree with me, while laying on you the obligation of writing at length if you disagree. Farewell.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
albinovanus, p., exhortation to heal the state Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 46, 47
calpurnius piso caesoninus, c. (piso), consulship mangles body politic Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 55
carnifex / carnificina Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 47, 55
catilina, l. sergius Pausch and Pieper, The Scholia on Cicero’s Speeches: Contexts and Perspectives (2023) 35
cicero, and the relationship between spoken and written versions of extant speeches Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 38
cicero, his oratory as art of illusion Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 252, 253
cicero, pro sestio Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 252
cicero, revision of his speeches Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 38
clodius pulcher, p., ciceros attacks in pro sestio Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 45, 46, 47
clodius pulcher, p., orders to purge the forum Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 47
clodius pulcher, p. Pausch and Pieper, The Scholia on Cicero’s Speeches: Contexts and Perspectives (2023) 168
demosthenes Pausch and Pieper, The Scholia on Cicero’s Speeches: Contexts and Perspectives (2023) 168
disease, as term of abuse Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 37
disease, late-republican imagery of Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 31
emendatio, and publication Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 38
gabinius, a., consulship mangles body politic Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 55
humor, and invective Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 252, 253
humor, in ciceros speeches Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 252, 253
medical imagery, courts as remedies Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 46, 47
medical imagery, in roman oratory Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 37
medical imagery, technical details of Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 37
medical imagery, treatment of wounds Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 55
medical imagery, violence as medicine Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 45, 46, 47
milo, t. annius Pausch and Pieper, The Scholia on Cicero’s Speeches: Contexts and Perspectives (2023) 168
orality and writing in ancient oratory Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 38
pater / patres, and family medicine Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 37
pater / patres, auctoritas patrum Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 37
pestis Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 31, 45
porcius cato, m. (cato the elder), medical imagery of Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 47
porcius cato, m. (cato the elder), notebook of medical remedies Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 37
publication, and textual revision Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 38
purges Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 31, 37
res publica, afflicta Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 55
res publica, debilitata Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 55
res publica, salus of Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 45
sergius catilina, l. (catiline), as pestilence and disease Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 31
speech against antius, tribunate as medicine Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 45, 46, 47
struma Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 47
surgery Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 37, 47
timocrates Pausch and Pieper, The Scholia on Cicero’s Speeches: Contexts and Perspectives (2023) 168
tullius cicero, m. (cicero), accuses opponents of violence against body politic Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 55
tullius cicero, m. (cicero), attacks on catiline as disease Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 31
tullius cicero, m. (cicero), attacks on clodius as disease Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 45, 46, 47
tullius cicero, m. (cicero), attacks on vatinius as struma Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 47
tullius cicero, m. (cicero), defense of sestius tribunate as healing Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 45, 46, 47
tullius cicero, m. (cicero), disease imagery (in general) Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 31
vatinius, p., as struma on the body politic Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 47
vatinius, p. Pausch and Pieper, The Scholia on Cicero’s Speeches: Contexts and Perspectives (2023) 30, 35, 168
verres, c.' Pausch and Pieper, The Scholia on Cicero’s Speeches: Contexts and Perspectives (2023) 35
violent imagery, attacking, disfiguring, mutilating the body politic Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 55
vis Walters, Imagery of the Body Politic in Ciceronian Rome (2020) 45, 46