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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2298
Cicero, On Laws, 1.5-1.6
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

18 results
1. Herodotus, Histories, 3.122 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3.122. These are the two reasons alleged for Polycrates' death; believe whichever you like. But the consequence was that Oroetes, then at Magnesia which is above the river Maeander, sent Myrsus son of Gyges, a Lydian, with a message to Samos, having learned Polycrates' intention; ,for Polycrates was the first of the Greeks whom we know to aim at the mastery of the sea, leaving out of account Minos of Cnossus and any others who before him may have ruled the sea; of what may be called the human race Polycrates was the first, and he had great hope of ruling Ionia and the Islands. ,Learning then that he had this intention, Oroetes sent him this message: “Oroetes addresses Polycrates as follows: I find that you aim at great things, but that you have not sufficient money for your purpose. Do then as I direct, and you will succeed yourself and will save me. King Cambyses aims at my death; of this I have clear intelligence. ,Now if you will transport me and my money, you may take some yourself and let me keep the rest; thus you shall have wealth enough to rule all Hellas . If you mistrust what I tell you about the money, send someone who is most trusted by you and I will prove it to him.”
2. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

377b. For it is then that it is best molded and takes the impression that one wishes to stamp upon it. Quite so. Shall we, then, thus lightly suffer our children to listen to any chance stories fashioned by any chance teachers and so to take into their minds opinions for the most part contrary to those that we shall think it desirable for them to hold when they are grown up? By no manner of means will we allow it. We must begin, then, it seems, by a censorship
3. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.4 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4. Cicero, Brutus, 262 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5. Cicero, Brutus, 262 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

262. tum Brutus: Orationes quidem eius mihi vehementer probantur. Compluris autem legi atque etiam commentarios (compluris autem legi) ...commentarii Stangl , quos idem scripsit rerum suarum. Valde quidem quos idem Stangl : quos Bake : quosdam L , inquam, probandos; nudi enim sunt, recti et venusti, omni ornatu orationis tamquam veste detracta detracto Lambinus . Sed dum voluit alios habere parata, unde sumerent qui vellent scribere historiam, ineptis gratum fortasse fecit, qui illa volent illa volent Suefon. : volunt illa L calamistris inurere: sanos quidem homines a scribendo deterruit; nihil est enim enim est BHM in historia pura et inlustri brevitate dulcius. Sed ad eos, si placet, qui vita excesserunt, revertamur.
6. Cicero, On Invention, 1.49 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.49. conparabile autem est, quod in rebus diversis similem aliquam rationem continet. eius partes sunt tres: imago, conlatio, exemplum. imago est oratio demonstrans corporum aut naturarum simi- litudinem. conlatio est oratio rem cum re ex simili- tudine conferens. exemplum est, quod rem auctoritate aut casu alicuius hominis aut negotii confirmat aut in- firmat. horum exempla et descriptiones in praeceptis elocutionis cognoscentur. Ac fons quidem confirmationis, ut facultas tulit, apertus est nec minus dilucide, quam rei natura fere- bat, demonstratus est; quemadmodum autem quaeque constitutio et pars constitutionis et omnis contro- versia, sive in ratione sive in scripto versabitur, tractari debeat et quae in quamque argumentationes conve- niant, singillatim in secundo libro de uno quoque ge- nere dicemus. in praesentia tantummodo numeros et modos et partes argumentandi confuse et permixtim dispersimus; post discripte et electe in genus quodque causae, quid cuique conveniat, ex hac copia digeremus.
7. Cicero, On Laws, 1.3-1.4, 1.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

8. Cicero, De Oratore, 2.36, 2.51-2.56, 2.59, 2.62-2.64 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.36. Historia vero testis temporum, lux veritatis, vita memoriae, magistra vitae, nuntia vetustatis, qua voce alia nisi oratoris immortalitati commendatur? Nam si qua est ars alia, quae verborum aut faciendorum aut legendorum scientiam profiteatur; aut si quisquam dicitur nisi orator formare orationem eamque variare et distinguere quasi quibusdam verborum sententiarumque insignibus; aut si via ulla nisi ab hac una arte traditur aut argumentorum aut sententiarum aut denique discriptionis atque ordinis, fateamur aut hoc, quod haec ars profiteatur, alienum esse aut cum alia aliqua arte esse commune: sed si in hac una est ea ratio atque doctrina, non, si qui aliarum artium bene locuti sunt, eo minus id est huius unius proprium; 2.51. 'Plane' inquit Catulus 'adsentior.' 'Age vero,' inquit Antonius 'qualis oratoris et quanti hominis in dicendo putas esse historiam scribere?' 'Si, ut Graeci scripserunt, summi,' inquit Catulus; 'si, ut nostri, nihil opus est oratore; satis est non esse mendacem.' 'Atqui, ne nostros contemnas,' inquit Antonius, 'Graeci quoque ipsi sic initio scriptitarunt, ut noster Cato, ut Pictor, ut Piso; 2.52. erat enim historia nihil aliud nisi annalium confectio, cuius rei memoriaeque publicae retinendae causa ab initio rerum Romanarum usque ad P. Mucium pontificem maximum res omnis singulorum annorum mandabat litteris pontifex maximus referebatque in album et proponebat tabulam domi, potestas ut esset populo cognoscendi, eique etiam nunc annales maximi nomitur. 2.53. Hanc similitudinem scribendi multi secuti sunt, qui sine ullis ornamentis monumenta solum temporum, hominum, locorum gestarumque rerum reliquerunt; itaque qualis apud Graecos Pherecydes, Hellanicus, Acusilas fuit aliique permulti, talis noster Cato et Pictor et Piso, qui neque tenent, quibus rebus ornetur oratio—modo enim huc ista sunt importata—et, dum intellegatur quid dicant, unam dicendi laudem putant esse brevitatem. 2.54. Paulum se erexit et addidit maiorem historiae sonum vocis vir optimus, Crassi familiaris, Antipater; ceteri non exornatores rerum, sed tantum modo narratores fuerunt.' 'Est,' inquit Catulus 'ut dicis; sed iste ipse Caelius neque distinxit historiam varietate colorum neque verborum conlocatione et tractu orationis leni et aequabili perpolivit illud opus; sed ut homo neque doctus neque maxime aptus ad dicendum, sicut potuit, dolavit; vicit tamen, ut dicis, superiores.' 2.55. 'Minime mirum,' inquit Antonius 'si ista res adhuc nostra lingua inlustrata non est; nemo enim studet eloquentiae nostrorum hominum, nisi ut in causis atque in foro eluceat; apud Graecos autem eloquentissimi homines remoti a causis forensibus cum ad ceteras res inlustris tum ad historiam scribendam maxime se applicaverunt: namque et Herodotum illum, qui princeps genus hoc ornavit, in causis nihil omnino versatum esse accepimus; atqui tanta est eloquentia, ut me quidem, quantum ego Graece scripta intellegere possum, magno opere delectet; et post illum Thucydides omnis dicendi artificio mea sententia facile vicit; 2.56. qui ita creber est rerum frequentia, ut verborum prope numerum sententiarum numero consequatur, ita porro verbis est aptus et pressus, ut nescias, utrum res oratione an verba sententiis inlustrentur: atqui ne hunc quidem, quamquam est in re publica versatus, ex numero accepimus eorum, qui causas dictitarunt; et hos ipsos libros tum scripsisse dicitur, cum a re publica remotus atque, id quod optimo cuique Athenis accidere solitum est, in exsilium pulsus esset; 2.59. Haec cum ille dixisset, 'quid est,' inquit 'Catule?' Caesar; 'ubi sunt, qui Antonium Graece negant scire? Quot historicos nominavit! Quam scienter, quam proprie de uno quoque dixit!' 'Id me hercule' inquit Catulus 'admirans illud iam mirari desino, quod multo magis ante mirabar, hunc, cum haec nesciret, in dicendo posse tantum.' 'Atqui, Catule,' inquit Antonius 'non ego utilitatem aliquam ad dicendum aucupans horum libros et non nullos alios, sed delectationis causa, cum est otium, legere soleo. 2.62. Sed illuc redeo: videtisne, quantum munus sit oratoris historia? Haud scio an flumine orationis et varietate maximum; neque eam reperio usquam separatim instructam rhetorum praeceptis; sita sunt enim ante oculos. Nam quis nescit primam esse historiae legem, ne quid falsi dicere audeat? Deinde ne quid veri non audeat? Ne quae suspicio gratiae sit in scribendo? Ne quae simultatis? 2.63. Haec scilicet fundamenta nota sunt omnibus, ipsa autem exaedificatio posita est in rebus et verbis: rerum ratio ordinem temporum desiderat, regionum descriptionem; vult etiam, quoniam in rebus magnis memoriaque dignis consilia primum, deinde acta, postea eventus exspectentur, et de consiliis significari quid scriptor probet et in rebus gestis declarari non solum quid actum aut dictum sit, sed etiam quo modo, et cum de eventu dicatur, ut causae explicentur omnes vel casus vel sapientiae vel temeritatis hominumque ipsorum non solum res gestae, sed etiam, qui fama ac nomine excellant, de cuiusque vita atque natura; 2.64. verborum autem ratio et genus orationis fusum atque tractum et cum lenitate quadam aequabiliter profluens sine hac iudiciali asperitate et sine sententiarum forensibus aculeis persequendum est. Harum tot tantarumque rerum videtisne nulla esse praecepta, quae in artibus rhetorum reperiantur? In eodem silentio multa alia oratorum officia iacuerunt, cohortationes, praecepta, consolationes, admonita, quae tractanda sunt omnia disertissime, sed locum suum in his artibus, quae traditae sunt, habent nullum.
9. Cicero, Letters, 14.14.5 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

10. Cicero, Letters, 14.14.5 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

11. Cicero, Letters, 14.14.5 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

12. Cicero, Letters To His Friends, 5.12, 5.12.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

13. Cicero, Letters, 14.14.5 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

14. Cicero, Pro Marcello, 28, 27 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

15. Plutarch, Alexander The Great, 1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

16. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 5.8, 8.24 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5.8. To Titinius Capito. You urge me to write history, nor are you the first to do so. Many others have often given me the same advice, and I am quite willing to follow it, not because I feel confident that I should succeed in so doing - for it would be presumption to think so until one had tried - but because it seems to me a very proper thing not to let people be forgotten whose fame ought never to die, and to perpetuate the glories of others together with one's own. Personally, I confess that there is nothing on which I have set my heart so much as to win a lasting reputation, and the ambition is a worthy one for any man, especially for one who is not conscious of having committed any wrong and has no cause to fear being remembered by posterity. Hence it is that both day and night I scheme to find a way "to raise myself above the ordinary dull level" Again, there is a precedent in my own family which impels me towards writing history. My uncle, who was also my father by adoption, was a historian of the most scrupulous type, and I find all wise men agree that one can do nothing better than follow in the footsteps of one's ancestors, provided that they have gone in the right path themselves. Why, then, do I hesitate? For this reason, that I have delivered a number of pleadings of serious importance, and it is my intention to revise them carefully - though my hopes of fame from them are only slight - lest, in spite of all the trouble they have given me, they should perish with me, just for want of receiving the last polishing and additional touches. For if you have a view to what posterity will say, all that is not absolutely finished must be classed as incomplete matter. You will say I began to plead in the forum in my nineteenth year, and it is only just now that I begin to see darkly what an orator ought to be. What would happen if I were to take on a new task in addition to this one? Oratory and history have many things in common, but they also differ greatly in the points that seem common to both. There is narrative in both, but of a different type; the humblest, meanest and most common-place subjects suit the one; the other requires research, splendour, and dignity. In the one you may describe the bones, muscles, and nerves of the body, in the other brawny parts and flowing manes. In oratory one wants force, invective, sustained attack; in history the charm is obtained by copiousness and agreeableness, even by sweetness of style. Lastly, the words used, the forms of speech, and the construction of the sentences are different. For, as Thucydides remarks, it makes all the difference whether the composition is to be a possession for all time or a declamation for the moment; † oratory has to do with the latter, history with the former. Hence it is that I do not feel tempted to hopelessly jumble together two dissimilar styles which differ from one another just because of their great importance, and I am afraid I should become bewildered by such a terrible medley and write in the one style just where I ought to be employing the other. For the meantime, therefore, to use the language of the courts, I ask your gracious permission to go on with my pleading. However, do you be good enough even now to consider the period which it would be best for me to tackle. Shall it be a period of ancient history which others have dealt with before me? If so, the materials are all ready to hand, but the putting them together would be a heavy task. On the other hand, if I choose a modern period which has not been dealt with, I shall get but small thanks and am bound to give serious offence. For, besides the fact that the general standard of morality is so lax that there is much more to censure than to praise, you are sure to be called niggardly if you praise and too censorious if you censure, though you may have been lavish of appreciation and scrupulously guarded in reproach. However, these considerations do not stay me, for I have the courage of my convictions. I only beg of you to prepare the way for me in the direction you urge me to take, and choose a subject for me, so that, when I am at length ready to take pen in hand, no other overpowering reason may crop up to make me hesitate and delay my purpose. Farewell.
17. Pliny The Younger, Letters, 5.8, 8.24 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5.8. To Titinius Capito. You urge me to write history, nor are you the first to do so. Many others have often given me the same advice, and I am quite willing to follow it, not because I feel confident that I should succeed in so doing - for it would be presumption to think so until one had tried - but because it seems to me a very proper thing not to let people be forgotten whose fame ought never to die, and to perpetuate the glories of others together with one's own. Personally, I confess that there is nothing on which I have set my heart so much as to win a lasting reputation, and the ambition is a worthy one for any man, especially for one who is not conscious of having committed any wrong and has no cause to fear being remembered by posterity. Hence it is that both day and night I scheme to find a way "to raise myself above the ordinary dull level" Again, there is a precedent in my own family which impels me towards writing history. My uncle, who was also my father by adoption, was a historian of the most scrupulous type, and I find all wise men agree that one can do nothing better than follow in the footsteps of one's ancestors, provided that they have gone in the right path themselves. Why, then, do I hesitate? For this reason, that I have delivered a number of pleadings of serious importance, and it is my intention to revise them carefully - though my hopes of fame from them are only slight - lest, in spite of all the trouble they have given me, they should perish with me, just for want of receiving the last polishing and additional touches. For if you have a view to what posterity will say, all that is not absolutely finished must be classed as incomplete matter. You will say I began to plead in the forum in my nineteenth year, and it is only just now that I begin to see darkly what an orator ought to be. What would happen if I were to take on a new task in addition to this one? Oratory and history have many things in common, but they also differ greatly in the points that seem common to both. There is narrative in both, but of a different type; the humblest, meanest and most common-place subjects suit the one; the other requires research, splendour, and dignity. In the one you may describe the bones, muscles, and nerves of the body, in the other brawny parts and flowing manes. In oratory one wants force, invective, sustained attack; in history the charm is obtained by copiousness and agreeableness, even by sweetness of style. Lastly, the words used, the forms of speech, and the construction of the sentences are different. For, as Thucydides remarks, it makes all the difference whether the composition is to be a possession for all time or a declamation for the moment; † oratory has to do with the latter, history with the former. Hence it is that I do not feel tempted to hopelessly jumble together two dissimilar styles which differ from one another just because of their great importance, and I am afraid I should become bewildered by such a terrible medley and write in the one style just where I ought to be employing the other. For the meantime, therefore, to use the language of the courts, I ask your gracious permission to go on with my pleading. However, do you be good enough even now to consider the period which it would be best for me to tackle. Shall it be a period of ancient history which others have dealt with before me? If so, the materials are all ready to hand, but the putting them together would be a heavy task. On the other hand, if I choose a modern period which has not been dealt with, I shall get but small thanks and am bound to give serious offence. For, besides the fact that the general standard of morality is so lax that there is much more to censure than to praise, you are sure to be called niggardly if you praise and too censorious if you censure, though you may have been lavish of appreciation and scrupulously guarded in reproach. However, these considerations do not stay me, for I have the courage of my convictions. I only beg of you to prepare the way for me in the direction you urge me to take, and choose a subject for me, so that, when I am at length ready to take pen in hand, no other overpowering reason may crop up to make me hesitate and delay my purpose. Farewell.
18. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 3.52 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

3.52. of these the former is a proposition, the latter a conception. Now where he has a firm grasp Plato expounds his own view and refutes the false one, but, if the subject is obscure, he suspends judgement. His own views are expounded by four persons, Socrates, Timaeus, the Athenian Stranger, the Eleatic Stranger. These strangers are not, as some hold, Plato and Parmenides, but imaginary characters without names, for, even when Socrates and Timaeus are the speakers, it is Plato's doctrines that are laid down. To illustrate the refutation of false opinions, he introduces Thrasymachus, Callicles, Polus, Gorgias, Protagoras, or again Hippias, Euthydemus and the like.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alexandria, in egypt Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
athenian stranger Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
athens Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 88
authority Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
catulus Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 15
celsus Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
cicero, on history Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
cicero, on liberties permitted in a monograph Feldman, Judaism and Hellenism Reconsidered (2006) 346
cicero Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 15; Glowalsky, Rhetoric and Scripture in Augustine’s Homiletic Strategy: Tracing the Narrative of Christian Maturation (2020) 43; Morrison, Apollonius Rhodius, Herodotus and Historiography (2020) 29
claudius, roman emperor, expulsion of jews from rome by Feldman, Judaism and Hellenism Reconsidered (2006) 346, 426, 554
commemoration Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 94
consulship of. see consulship, ciceros, self-praise of Keeline, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2018) 326
ctesias Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
cyrus Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
dialectical conversation Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
dialogue/dialogical Glowalsky, Rhetoric and Scripture in Augustine’s Homiletic Strategy: Tracing the Narrative of Christian Maturation (2020) 43
dionysius of halicarnassus Morrison, Apollonius Rhodius, Herodotus and Historiography (2020) 29
exemplum Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 299
genre Glowalsky, Rhetoric and Scripture in Augustine’s Homiletic Strategy: Tracing the Narrative of Christian Maturation (2020) 43
hecataeus Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
herodotus Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
historiography Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 94
history, and pliny Keeline, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2018) 325, 326
history, and rhetoric Bua, Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD (2019) 299
history, historian Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 183
homer Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
intertextuality, plinian Keeline, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2018) 325, 326
julius caesar, c. Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 94
julius caesar Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 15
lawfulnessnan Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
laws Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
lieux de mémoire (sites of memory) Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 88
livy Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 15
lucian, true stories Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
marius, c. Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 88
mediation, remediation Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 94
memorialisation Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 94
modello-codice, herodotus as Morrison, Apollonius Rhodius, Herodotus and Historiography (2020) 29
myth Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 183
nature Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 183
non-greeks Morrison, Apollonius Rhodius, Herodotus and Historiography (2020) 29
origen Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 12
palestine Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 12
past Faure, Conceptions of Time in Greek and Roman Antiquity (2022) 183
philo, of byblos Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 12
phoenicia, and phoenicians Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 12
plutarch Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7
portent Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 94
process of publication, self-fashioning of' Keeline, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2018) 325
sallust Baumann and Liotsakis, Reading History in the Roman Empire (2022) 15
salmacis inscription Morrison, Apollonius Rhodius, Herodotus and Historiography (2020) 29
sherwin-white, a. n. Keeline, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2018) 325
socrates Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
symposion Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
temple Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 88
thucydides Morrison, Apollonius Rhodius, Herodotus and Historiography (2020) 29
trojan war Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 12
tullius cicero, m. Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 88, 94
uoluntas/intentio Glowalsky, Rhetoric and Scripture in Augustine’s Homiletic Strategy: Tracing the Narrative of Christian Maturation (2020) 43
virtue, unity of Bartels, Plato's Pragmatic Project: A Reading of Plato's Laws (2017) 198
witness Dinter and Guérin, Cultural Memory in Republican and Augustan Rome (2023) 88
xenophon, historian Bowersock, Fiction as History: Nero to Julian (1997) 7